Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy

What is Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy known for?


944

944, Bertholet) — Diplôme de Otton I, roi des Romains, accordé à l'abbé Odilon, par lequel il laisse aux religieux des monastères de Stavelot et de Malmédy la libre faculté de choisir un abbé, chargé seul de l'administration des deux monastères." (


wearing

. History Establishment thumb left 75px alt A painted statue of a man in roughly his 30s, wearing a golden mitre and priestly robes in red, blue and gold. He holds a Bible in his left hand and an animal, presumably a wolf, standing at his feet. Remaclus Saint Remaclus (File:Remaclus-donderwolk.jpg) Saint Remaclus (Remaclus) founded the Abbey of Stavelot on the Amblève (Amblève (river)) river circa 650 ref name "em:Stavelot

George" thumb 150px alt A mediæval illustration of a man with a short red beard wearing a blue tunic and a gold over-tunic, with black tights, holding a golden orb in his left hand and a silver sceptre in his right. Above his red hair, he is wearing a gold crown. Indistinct words are faintly visible above him. Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (File:Heinrich III. (HRR) Miniatur.jpg), who was present for the 1040 consecration of the church built in Stavelot under prince-abbot


art history,

round enamel plaques survive, in Berlin and Frankfurt, Low Countries, 1000–1400 A.D., ''Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History'', Metropolitan Museum of Art. Last accessed 26 December 2009. though a 17th-century drawing survives in Liège. Godefridus Snoek, ''Medieval piety from relics


including food

are granted hospitality, including food for almost eight days, whilst they make their devotions (roman Catholic devotions); this hospice differs from the abbey's hospital: '' ''", an order


manufacturing+manufacture

and Malmedy were major centres of tanning in Europe. Other industries also known to Malmedy include cotton manufacturing, manufacture of chess sets, dominoes and gingerbread; papermaking was particularly important to Malmedy, as was the manufacture of gunpowder. ref name "Malmedy:Growth"


650

. History Establishment thumb left 75px alt A painted statue of a man in roughly his 30s, wearing a golden mitre and priestly robes in red, blue and gold. He holds a Bible in his left hand and an animal, presumably a wolf, standing at his feet. Remaclus Saint Remaclus (File:Remaclus-donderwolk.jpg) Saint Remaclus (Remaclus) founded the Abbey of Stavelot on the Amblève (Amblève (river)) river circa 650 ref name "em:Stavelot

and, thus, under the purview of the diocese of Liège, where Stavelot lay. This occurred despite several previous Imperial bulls reinforcing the position that the two abbeys should be subject to a single abbot. Leclercq (editor) ''Liste chronologique des édits et ordonnances de la principauté de Stavelot et de Malmédy, de 650 à 1793'', Em Devroye, 1852. For example: "Sans date (950, Villers; vers

in an 862 abbey charter. (


862

are granted hospitality, including food for almost eight days, whilst they make their devotions (roman Catholic devotions); this hospice differs from the abbey's hospital: '' ''", an order

in an 862 abbey charter. (


art painting

Stavelot Bible in ''The British Library Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (Illuminated manuscript). Last accessed 26 December 2009. and other works can be identified from the same scriptorium. The bible has been described as "a perfect microcosm of the influences and interests that gave rise to the first Romanesque painting (Romanesque art#Painting)".


short red

George" thumb 150px alt A mediæval illustration of a man with a short red beard wearing a blue tunic and a gold over-tunic, with black tights, holding a golden orb in his left hand and a silver sceptre in his right. Above his red hair, he is wearing a gold crown. Indistinct words are faintly visible above him. Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor (File:Heinrich III. (HRR) Miniatur.jpg), who was present for the 1040 consecration of the church built in Stavelot under prince-abbot


small stone

church are presented as a footprint, with walls and column bases that enable the visitor to visualize the scale of the Romanesque (Romanesque architecture) abbey. Geography and administration File:Xhignesse JPG02.jpg thumb alt A small stone church stands in a field. The apse shows two small stained-glass windows, with empty arched niches above. The left transept is also visible, with a half-height chapel adjacent. 11th-century church

Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy

The '''Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy''' was an ecclesiastical principality of the Holy Roman Empire. Princely power was exercised by the Benedictine (Order of Saint Benedict) abbot of the imperial double monastery of Stavelot and Malmedy, founded in 651. At ''Hernach volgend die zehen Krayß (:de:s:Hernach volgend die zehen Krayß#Seite 12: Niderlendisch vnnd Westuelisch Krayß)'' (1532)

As a prince-abbot, the abbot of Stavelot-Malmedy sat in the College of Ruling Princes of the Ecclesiastical Bench of the Imperial Diet (Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire)). Along with the handful of other prince-abbots, he cast a full vote ('' ''), in contrast to the majority of imperial abbots who were only entitled to a collective vote on their respective curial benches.

In 1795 the principality was abolished and its territory was incorporated into the French département (departments of France#Napoleonic Empire) of Ourthe (Ourthe (department)). History on the official website of Stavelot. Last accessed 26 December 2009. and Malmedy became part of the Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) district (districts of Prussia) of Eupen-Malmedy. Both are currently parts of the Kingdom of Belgium (Belgium) — since the 1830 Belgian Revolution and the 1919 Treaty of Versailles respectively.

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