). Gulf, in its present incarnation, is a "New Economy" business. It employs very few people directly and its assets are mainly in the form of intellectual property: brands, product specifications and scientific expertise. The rights to the brand in the United States are owned by Gulf Oil Limited Partnership (Gulf Oil LP) (GOLC), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Cumberland Farms and operates over 2,100 service stations and several petroleum
-enhancing drugs in sport doping . Football career Antchouet started his career at the age of 15 in local club FC 105 Libreville; after a quick spell in Cameroon, he moved to Portugal, first with Leixões SC (Leixões S.C.) (then in the third division (Portuguese Second Division)), and remained there for the vast majority of the following six years. He served as Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Portugal) of Portugal three times. The first time, he was called
administrative support. The same is true of the English satirical tradition. John Dryden (a Tory), the first Poet Laureate, produced in 1682 ''Mac Flecknoe'', subtitled "A Satire on the True Blue Protestant Poet, T.S." (a reference to Thomas Shadwell). Another master of 17th-century English
), Amaral was sworn in as the first President of East Timor when the country, then a Portuguese (Portugal) colony, made a unilateral declaration of independence on 28 November 1975.
does business exclusively with enterprises (Business) in multiple European countries as Staples Advantage (Corporate Express). '''Sport Lisboa e Benfica''' ( ), commonly known as simply '''Benfica''' or '''SLB''', is a Portuguese multi-sports club (Sports club) based in Lisbon, Portugal. Although Benfica successfully competes in a number of different sports, it is mostly known for its association football team.
or more ministries. accessdate 2008-07-21 although they are held in towns and villages across Spain, Portugal, and in some cities in Mexico, "Bull-run hits liquor-fueled town", Feb. 2, 2009. ''"The tradition, enacted in a handful of Mexican towns, traces its roots back to the centuries-old Pamplona bull-run in Mexico's former colonial power."'' Retrieved March 4, 2009
, it is currently a popular blending variety with Sangiovese in Tuscany called "Predicato di Biturica" C. Fallis ''The Encyclopedic Atlas of Wine'' pg 144 Global Book Publishing 2004 ISBN 1-74048-050-3 right thumb A red-skinned version of Gutedel Chasselas (Image:Roter Gutedel Weinsberg 20060909.jpg) '''Chasselas''' or '''Chasselas Blanc''' is a wine grape variety grown in Switzerland, France, Germany, Portugal, Baja Norte, Mexico, Hungary and New Zealand. Besides his native language, Miraš Dedeić is fluent in Italian (Italian language), Russian (Russian language) and Greek (Greek language), while he can also understand French (French language) and translate Latin (Latin language). He is a personal friend of the successor to the Italian throne Umberto II; he worked in Umberto's Archive in his villa in the tiny Portuguese (Portugal) city of Cascais, searching for documents regarding Umberto's mother Helen (Jelena), Princess of Montenegro. Metropolitan Mihailo resides at Cetinje. '''Jerrel Hasselbaink''' (born 27 March 1972) usually known as '''Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink''' The story goes that Hasselbaink got his current football alias of ''Jimmy Floyd'' because his Portuguese (Portugal) teammates could not pronounce his real first name; the nickname has stuck. is a Dutch (Netherlands) former football (Association football) striker who played for various clubs in the Netherlands, Portugal, England, and Spain, as well as the Dutch national team (Netherlands national football team). He scored more than 250 career goals. He is currently the first team coach at English Championship side Nottingham Forest (Nottingham Forest F.C.). '''Jerrel Hasselbaink''' (born 27 March 1972) usually known as '''Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink''' The story goes that Hasselbaink got his current football alias of ''Jimmy Floyd'' because his Portuguese (Portugal) teammates could not pronounce his real first name; the nickname has stuck. is a Dutch (Netherlands) former football (Association football) striker who played for various clubs in the Netherlands, Portugal, England, and Spain, as well as the Dutch national team (Netherlands national football team). He scored more than 250 career goals. He is currently the first team coach at English Championship side Nottingham Forest (Nottingham Forest F.C.). Portugal He signed for Portuguese (Portugal) side Campomaiorense in August 1995 but, after only one season, Hasselbaink was signed by Boavista (Boavista FC) where he first came to prominence. He scored 20 goals in 23 league appearances for the club and helped them win the Portuguese Cup (Cup of Portugal). After Portugal entered World War I in March 1916, several of its colonies issued war tax stamps as well. Most of these were produced by overprinting "TAXA DE GUERRA" on existing stamps, though Mozambique issued a set of two which depicted allegorical figures of History and the Republic. Scott volume 4, p. 782. The Portuguese colonies of Macao, Mozambique, Portuguese Africa, Portuguese Guinea, Portuguese India and Timor issued war tax stamps. Scott volumes 4-6. Naturally mansions followed European architectural styles. Whereas until the second half of the 19th century Portugal and Spain as the colonial (or former colonial) powers were the eminent models for architecture and upperclass lifestyle, towards the end of the 19th century they were sometimes replaced by then more dominant powers like France or England. On 18 April 1599, being 33 years old, she married Albert, the younger brother of her former fiancé Rudolf II (Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor). Albert was the joint sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands (Seventeen Provinces) and the former viceroy of Portugal. As Albert also was the Archbishop of Toledo, he had to be released from his religious commitments by Pope Clement VIII before the wedding could take place. Shortly before Philip II died on 13 September 1598, he renounced his rights to the Netherlands in favor of his daughter Isabella and her fiancé. Isabella later bore Albert three children, Archdukes Philip (Archduke Philip, Titular King of Spain) (born 21 October 1605) and Albert (born 27 January 1607) and Archduchess Anna Mauritia; however, all three died in infancy. thumb ''Battle of a French ship of the line and two galleys of the Barbary corsairs'' (File:Théodore Gudin-Combat d'un vaisseau français et de deux galères barbaresques mg 5061.jpg) Barbary corsair attacks were common in southern Portugal, south and east Spain, the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Sardinia, Corsica, Elba, the Italian Peninsula (especially the coasts of Liguria, Tuscany, Lazio, Campania, Calabria and Apulia), Sicily and Malta. They also occurred on the Atlantic northwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula. In 1617, the African corsairs launched their major attack in the region when they destroyed and sacked Bouzas, Cangas and the churches of Moaña and Darbo. All of the above languages except for Lusitanian (which occurs in the area of modern Portugal) occur in or near the Balkan peninsula, and have been collectively termed the "Paleo-Balkan languages". This is a purely geographic grouping and makes no claims about the relatedness of the languages to each other as compared with other Indo-European languages. * Cantiñas * Cantiga - Portuguese (Portugal) ballad form * Canto livre - Portuguese (Portugal) modernized fado * Cantiga - Portuguese (Portugal) ballad form * Canto livre - Portuguese (Portugal) modernized fado * Canto nuevo - Bolivian pop-folk music which evolved out of Chilean nueva cancion * Doina * Dondang sayang - slow folk music that mixes Malaysian (music of Malaysia) forms with Portuguese (Portugal), India, Chinese (China) and Arabic music * Donegal fiddle tradition * In Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) and in Serbia, it is called ''palenta'' or ''kačamak'' (качамак). * In Portugal, it is known as papas de milho,pirão or xerém and on Madeira it is known as milho frito. * The Romanian variety is called ''mămăligă''; this word is also borrowed into the Russian (Russian language) (Мамалыга (mămăligă), but also known as кукурузная каша (kasha)). Other popular European destinations served by Bmibaby are within France, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. Regional warfare throughout the 19th century led to the capture and sale of many Mende-speakers into slavery. Most notable were those found aboard the ''Amistad (La Amistad)'' in 1839. They eventually won their freedom and were repatriated. This event involved fifty-two Mende tribesmen, purchased by Portuguese (Portugal) slavers in 1839, who were shipped via the Middle Passage to Havana, Cuba where they were sold to Cuban sugar plantation owners, José Ruiz and Pedro Montez. After working the plantation, they were placed on the schooner Amistad (La Amistad) and shipped to another Cuban plantation. On the way, they escaped their bondage and were led in a rebellion by Sengbe Pieh. They told the crew to return them to Africa. Their efforts to return home were frustrated by the ship's remaining crew, who navigated up to the United States. The ship was intercepted off Long Island, New York, by a U.S. Coastal brig. The Spanish merchants Ruiz and Montez denounced the Mende and asserted that they were their property. The ensuing case (Amistad (case)), heard in Hartford (Hartford, Connecticut) and New Haven, Connecticut, affirmed that the men were free, and resulted in the return of the thirty-six surviving Mende to their homes. thumb Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (Image:Philip the good.jpg), with the collar of the Order (portrait in c.1450 by Rogier van der Weyden) The '''Order of the Golden Fleece''' (
to the University of Heidelberg in 1848, and soon after to the University of Göttingen, where he studied under Gauss (Carl Friedrich Gauss) and Weber (Heinrich Weber), and where Stern awakened in him a strong interest in historical research. role size At its height in 1812 consisted of 554,500 men: • 300,000 Frenchmen (France) and Dutchmen (Dutch people) • 95,000 Poles (Poland) • 35,000 Austrians • 30,000 Italians (Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)) INS Scholarship 1998: Henri Clarke, Minister of War, and the Malet Conspiracy • 24,000 Bavarians (King of Bavaria) • 20,000 Saxons (Saxony) • 20,000 Prussians • 17,000 Westphalians • 15,000 Swiss (Switzerland) • 4,000 Portuguese (Portugal) • 3,500 Croats (Croatia) command_structure Portugal's refusal to comply with the Continental System led to a punitive French expedition in late 1807. This campaign formed the basis for the Peninsular War, which was to last six years and drain the First Empire (First French Empire) of vital resources and manpower. The French attempted to occupy Spain in 1808, but a series of disasters (Battle of Bailén) prompted Napoleon to intervene personally later in the year. The 125,000-strong Grande Armée marched inexorably forward, capturing the fortress of Burgos, clearing the way to Madrid at the Battle of Somosierra, and forcing the Spanish armies to retreat. They then hurled themselves towards Moore (John Moore (British soldier))'s British army, prompting them to withdraw from the Iberian Peninsula after a heroic action at the Battle of Corunna on January 16, 1809. The campaign was successful, but it would still be some time before the French were able to occupy Southern Spain. Fisher & Fremont-Barnes p. 200-209 Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Austria, the Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burma, Cambodia, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Republic of the Congo), Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Estonia, Finland, France, Faroe Islands, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Serbia and Montenegro, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam By a series of successful expeditions, he gradually extended the Dutch possessions from Sergipe on the south to São Luís de Maranhão in the north. He likewise conquered the Portuguese (Portugal) possessions of Elmina Castle, Saint Thomas (São Tomé), and Luanda, Angola, on the west coast of Africa. With the assistance of the famous architect, Pieter Post of Haarlem, he transformed Recife by building a new town adorned with splendid public edifices and gardens, which was called after his name, Mauritsstad.
media (Mass media) conglomerate (Conglomerate (company)), headquartered in Paço de Arcos, in Oeiras (Oeiras Municipality, Portugal) municipality. It is the owner of SIC (SIC (Portugal)) TV channel, and Expresso (Expresso (jornal)) newspaper, among other leading media, like several magazine publications. A third online business segment was launched under the name Impresa Digital '''Semapa - Sociedade de Investimento e Gestão''' (
a Basilica by the Blessed Pope John Paul II in 1984. This magnificent church is a must see destination for tourists who come to Cochin. Yearbooks * '''''CIDOB International Yearbook'''''. This is probably the centre's best-known publication
. Published since 1990, it features four main sections: Spain's Foreign Relations; Europe; International Situation and (since the 1997 edition), Country Profile, which analyzes from different views a relevant country on the international stage. The countries highlighted to date have been: India (1997); Turkey (1998); Russia (1999); China (2000); Mexico (2001); Morocco (2002); South Korea (2003); Brazil (2004); South Africa (2005); Portugal (2006); Algeria (2007
The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).
The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.