Portugal

What is Portugal known for?


band created

''' is a Portuguese (Portugal) girl band (girl group), created out of the TV (television) reality-competition show (reality show) ''Popstars'', in 2001. They are also the oldest ''Popstars'' group in activity. Nonstop have achieved notable success with their first album, ''Nonstop'', and especially with their first hit single (single (music)) "Ao Limite Eu Vou". Formation In 2001 the dream catcher reality-show ''Popstars'' was launched in Portugal by the television station SIC (SIC (Portugal)) with the aim of creating a five-piece girl band (girl group). Along with their success in Portugal came the interest from other countries in their music, such as Canada, Belgium, and South Africa. While touring Portugal from north to south, the band—along with its management, NZ Produções—decided to bring in something new to their concerts. This took the girls back to studio recording to do a cover of the Patti LaBelle song, "Lady Marmalade". The first newspaper in Portugal, ''A Gazeta da Restauração'', was published in 1641 in Lisbon. The first Spanish (Spain) newspaper, Gaceta de Madrid, was published in 1661. ;16th century destruction by the Portuguese After 1505 A.C.E along with countless Buddhist and Hindu temples around the island, it was destroyed by Portuguese (Portugal) Catholic colonialists. The historian Do Couto recounts that the attackers encountered no resistance from pilgrims or priests while the temple was destroyed. Navaratnam, C. S. (1964). ''A short history of Hinduism in Ceylon: and three essays on the Tamils.'' pp. 68 In 1589 C.E. the temple stones were used by them to build the Mannar Fort, a Catholic church and the Hammershield Fort at Kayts.


traditional part

2012 . In Mexico, it is often hand made as an artisan treat with either peanuts, pistachios or pine nuts. In the Netherlands and Belgium, Marzipan figures are given as presents to children during Saint Nicholas' Eve (Sinterklaas). In Germany, it is common to give marzipan in the shape of a pig as new year presents, known as a "''Glücksschwein''" (lucky pig). In Geneva, a traditional part of the celebration of L'Escalade is the ritual smashing of a chocolate cauldron filled with marzipan vegetables, a reference to a Savoyarde siege of the city which was supposedly foiled by a housewife with a cauldron of boiling soup. In India, a similar traditional sweet Kaju Barfi is made of cashew nuts and sugar. thumb right 200px APCOR logo (Image:APCOR logo.jpg) '''Associação Portuguesa da Cortiça''' is the Portuguese (Portugal) Cork (Cork (material)) Association, a consortium of cork growers and manufacturers. It was founded in 1956 and is based in the town of Santa Maria de Lamas in northern Portugal. The current president of APCOR is António Rios de Amorim. http: www.realcork.org The '''Flag of Portugal''' (


poor+food

on very poor food. In the sword fight near the end, the ship's cook (Victor Maddern) is seen grabbing all the Spanish food he could to take back to the ship. There were two models used to show Royal residences of the time. In the Iberian Peninsula, hórreos are mainly found in the Northwest (Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), Asturias and northern Portugal). There are two main types of hórreo, rectangular-shaped, the more extended, usually found in Galicia, northern Portugal and coastal areas of Asturias; and square (square (geometry))-shaped hórreos from Asturias, León (León province), western Cantabria and eastern Galicia (Galicia (Spain)). The oldest Spanish document containing an image of an hórreo is the ''Cantigas de Santa Maria'' by Alfonso X "El Sabio" (Alfonso X of Castile) (song CLXXXVII) from XII A.C. In this depiction, three rectangular hórreos of gothic style are illustrated. The longest hórreo in Galicia is located in Carnota, A Coruña (Province of A Coruña) and is 35 m long. Other similar granary structures include Asturian (Asturian language) ''paneras'' (basically, big hórreos with more than four pillars), ''cabaceiras'' (galician round basketwork hórreo), ''espigueiros'' or ''canastros'' in northern Portugal, (the most famous concentration is located in Soajo), ''trojes'' or ''trojs'' in Castile (Castile (historical region)) or silos, hambars in Balkans ,and ''serender'' in northern Turkey Lifau, in the outskirts of the present city, was the place where the Portuguese (Portugal) first disembarked on Timor and was the first capital of Portuguese Timor. It remained the capital until 1769, when it was transferred to Dili because of constant attacks from the ''Topasses''. '''José Gomes Ferreira''', GOSE (Order of St. James of the Sword), GOL (Order of Liberty) (July 9, 1900 – 1985) was a Portuguese (Portugal) poet and fiction writer with a vast work of varied influences. Gomes Ferreira was also a political activist that participated in the resistance against the dictatorship of Oliveira Salazar, becoming later a member of the Portuguese Communist Party. In the late 1970s he occupied the presidency of the Portuguese Writers Association. International IDEA's founding member states were Australia, Barbados, Belgium, Chile, Costa Rica, Denmark, Finland, India, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, and Sweden. The first transatlantic flight departed from Neponsit. On May 8, 1919, four United States Navy-Curtis model seaplanes took off from what is now Beach Channel Drive in Neponsit to Newfoundland, Canada, the Azores Islands, and Lisbon, Portugal. Finally on May 31, 1919, only one plane, piloted by Lt. Commander Albert C. Read, arrived in Plymouth, England.


people long

), Germany (1870, legally from 1 January 1872, '') is the capital (capital city) and largest city of Bahrain, with an approximate population of 155,000 people. Long an important trading center in the Persian Gulf, Manama is home to a very diverse population. After periods of Portugal

, Spain and Portugal, Ellsworth became part of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Earliest period The Penobscot people long inhabited the area around present-day Bangor, and still occupy tribal land on the nearby Penobscot Indian Island Reservation. The first European to visit the site was probably the Portuguese (Portugal) Esteban Gómez in 1524, followed by Samuel de Champlain in 1605.


oil education

Kingdom . Peak Oil and ASPO persons appears in the documentary films ''The End of Suburbia'' ,''PetroApocalypse Now?'', and a series of video interviews on Oil Education Television. (http: www.youtube.com oileducationtv). thumb 200px Port of Tuticorin during the Madras Presidency (Image:Sea front Tuticorin 1913.jpg), c.a. 1913 The major harbour of Thoothukudi is well known as a pearl diving and fishing centre. It is one of the oldest seaports in the world


life historical

Portuguesa''" and was the director of "''O País''" (1898). The factions in the game represent, to varying accuracies, their real-life historical factions. The army unit types available to each faction are modelled to reflect their real-life histories, with each faction possessing unique characteristics that afford them certain strengths against other factions in combat, as well as weaknesses. There are various simplifications in the game to make factions more identifiable. For example, the faction Russia did not exist as a state at the time but were divided into Fiefdoms (Fief), Principalities (Principality) and states; with Kievan Rus' and then the Republic of Novgorod (Novgorod Republic) chronologically being the most prominent states. Unified Spain didn't exist until the end of the game's timeline, but was divided into the kingdoms of Castille (Kingdom of Castille) and Aragon (Kingdom of Aragon), with the Spanish faction representing the former in the game. Portugal didn't become an actual kingdom until 1139 and King Afonso Henriques (Afonso I of Portugal) is born 30 years before he was historically known. A number of other smaller nations and kingdoms are also nonexistent in the game, such as the republic of Genoa. Elimination left Honvéd in limbo. The players summoned their families from Budapest and, despite opposition from FIFA and the Hungarian football authorities, they organised a fundraising tour of Italy, Portugal, Spain and Brazil. After returning to Europe, the players parted ways. Some, including Bozsik, returned to Hungary while others, including Czibor, Kocsis and Puskás, found new clubs in Western Europe. Transmitted via Islamic Spain, a new tradition of Azulejos developed in Spain and especially Portugal, which by the Baroque period produced extremely large painted scenes on tiles, usually in blue and white. Delftware tiles, typically with a painted design covering only one (rather small) tile, were ubiquitous in Holland and widely exported over Northern Europe from the 16th century on. Several 18th century royal palaces had porcelain rooms with the walls entirely covered in porcelain. Surviving examples include ones at Capodimonte (Museo di Capodimonte), Naples, the Royal Palace of Madrid and the nearby Royal Palace of Aranjuez. Porcelain Room, Aranjuez Comprehensive but shaky video Elaborate tiled stoves were a feature of rooms of the middle and upper-classes in Northern Europe from the 17th to 19th centuries. - Évora Lusitania Portugal


education television

Kingdom . Peak Oil and ASPO persons appears in the documentary films ''The End of Suburbia'' ,''PetroApocalypse Now?'', and a series of video interviews on Oil Education Television. (http: www.youtube.com oileducationtv). thumb 200px Port of Tuticorin during the Madras Presidency (Image:Sea front Tuticorin 1913.jpg), c.a. 1913 The major harbour of Thoothukudi is well known as a pearl diving and fishing centre. It is one of the oldest seaports in the world


eccentric character

were: Life Anchieta was born in 1832, in Lisbon, and started his studies in mathematics at the University of Coimbra. Due to his fierce independence and eccentric character, however, he did not adapt well and moved to the Escola Politécnica de Lisboa (Polytechnic School). In 1857, one of his closest friends moved to Cabo Verde, a Portuguese colony and a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa, and Anchieta went to join him. He spent his time


small highly

was taken from Mount Roraima, whose name comes from the Pemon words “roroi” (“cyan”) and “ma” (“large”). A '''caravel''' is a small, highly maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese (Portugal) to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean. The lateen sails gave her speed and the capacity for sailing to windward (beating (Tacking (sailing)#Beating)). Caravels were much used by the Portuguese for the oceanic


research showing

The court moved the capital to Longvek where the kingdom sought to regain its glory through maritime trade. Portuguese (Portugal) and Spanish travelers described the city as a place of flourishing wealth and foreign trade. The attempt was short-lived however, as continued wars with the Ayutthaya and the Vietnamese resulted in the loss of more territory and Longvek being conquered in 1594. Not long after the conquer of Siamese, the wall of Longvek broke within three days after the order of King Naresuan the Great of Ayutthaya Kingdom. Shortly after, with the capturing of Longvek by the Siamese (Thai people), the nation never fully recovered and was under colonization of Siam for long periods of time. During the next three centuries, the Khmer kingdom alternated as a vassal state of the Ayutthaya Kingdom and Vietnamese kings, as well as short-lived periods of relative independence. Monumental open air art in Europe from this period include Côa Valley (Côa Valley Paleolithic Art) and Mazouco in Portugal, Domingo García and Siega Verde in Spain, and Fornols-Haut in France. Megalithic (i.e., large stone) monuments are found in the Neolithic Era from Malta to Portugal, through France, and across southern England to most of Wales and Ireland They are also found in northern Germany and Poland, as well as in Egypt in the Sahara desert (at Nabata and other sites). The best preserved of all temples and the oldest free standing structures on Earth are the Megalithic Temples of Malta. They start in the 5th millennium BC, though some authors speculate on Mesolithic roots. Because of frequent re-use, this is difficult to prove. There are many sites for rock and cave art of engraved animal and human scenes (Saharan rock art) in the Saharan area. While the best-known of these is Stonehenge, where the main structures date from the early Bronze Age, such monuments have been found throughout most of Western and Northern Europe, notably at Carnac, France, at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands, in Portugal, and in Wiltshire, England, the area of Stonehenge, the Avebury circle (Avebury), the tombs at West Kennet, and Woodhenge. thumb Entrance stone with megalithic art at Newgrange (Image:Newgrange Entrance Stone.jpg) Megalithic (i.e., large stone) monuments are found in the Neolithic Era from Malta to Portugal, through France, and across southern England to most of Wales and Ireland They are also found in northern Germany and Poland, as well as in Egypt in the Sahara desert (at Nabata and other sites). The best preserved of all temples and the oldest free standing structures on Earth are the Megalithic Temples of Malta. They start in the 5th millennium BC, though some authors speculate on Mesolithic roots. Because of frequent re-use, this is difficult to prove. There are many sites for rock and cave art of engraved animal and human scenes (Saharan rock art) in the Saharan area. While the best-known of these is Stonehenge, where the main structures date from the early Bronze Age, such monuments have been found throughout most of Western and Northern Europe, notably at Carnac, France, at Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands, in Portugal, and in Wiltshire, England, the area of Stonehenge, the Avebury circle (Avebury), the tombs at West Kennet, and Woodhenge. thumb Entrance stone with megalithic art at Newgrange (Image:Newgrange Entrance Stone.jpg) *In Portugal, especially the Azores, passion fruit is used as a base for a variety of liqueurs. *In Brazil, passion fruit mousse is a common dessert, and passion fruit seeds are routinely used to decorate the tops of cakes. Passion fruit juice is also very common. When making Caipirinha, it is common to use passion fruit instead of lime; it is then called "caipifruta de maracujá". It is also used as a mild sedative, and its active ingredient is commercialized under several brands, most notably Maracugina (:pt:Maracugina). Vehicles equipped with automatic transmissions are less complex to drive. Consequently, in some jurisdictions, drivers who have passed their driving test in a vehicle with an automatic transmission will not be licensed (driver's license) to drive a manual transmission vehicle. Conversely, a manual license will allow the driver to drive both manual and automatic vehicles. Examples of driving license restrictions are Croatia, Dominican Republic, Israel, United Kingdom, some states in Australia, France, Portugal, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Ireland, Belgium, Germany, Pakistan, the Netherlands, Sweden, Austria, Norway, Hungary, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, Japan, China (People's Republic of China), Hong Kong, Macau, Mauritius, South Korea (Republic of Korea), Romania, Singapore, Philippines, United Arab Emirates, India, Estonia

Portugal

'''Portugal''' (

The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).

The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.

Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.

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