Portugal

What is Portugal known for?


distinct feature

. thumb left Joan of Austria (Image:Infanta Juana of Spain.jpg) The parish had an estimated population of 148,000 in 2001, 4000 of which live in the capital (Capital (political)) town. The distinct feature of this parish is that numerous ethnic groups can be found there; St Elizabeth probably has the greatest racial mixture in Jamaica. When the Miskito Indians came from Central America to help track the Maroons (Maroon (people)) in the 18th century they were given land grants in this parish. In the 19th century Irish (Ireland), Spanish (Spain), Portuguese (Portugal), Scots (Scotland) Germans (Germany) Chinese and East Indians migrated to Saint Elizabeth, and this accounts for pockets of distinct racial mixtures in the parish including Mulatto and Creole (Creole peoples) notably found in the southeast. This religious conversion led to Za Sellase not only withdrawing his support, but actively working against him and stirred up a revolt in Gojjam. Za Dengel marched to the plain of Bartcho to put down this revolt, but despite the help of 200 Portuguese (Portugal) musketeers Za Dengel perished in battle on October 24. According to James Bruce, Za Dengel's corpse lay unclaimed on the battlefield for three days, until some peasants buried it "in a little building, like a chapel (which I have seen), not above six feet high, under the shade of a very fine tree, in Abyssinia called sassa." The body was reinterred 10 years later in Daga Estifanos monastery on Daga Island in Lake Tana. James Bruce, ''Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile'' (1805 edition), vol. 3, pp. 270f Susenyos and Catholicism Susenyos' reign is perhaps best known as the brief period in Ethiopian history when Roman Catholic Christianity (Roman Catholicism in Ethiopia) became the official religion. The Emperor became interested in Catholicism, in part due to Pedro Páez' persuasion, but also hoping for military help from Portugal and Spain (in union at the time of Susenyos's reign). Some decades earlier, in 1541, Cristóvão da Gama had led a military expedition to save the Ethiopian emperor Gelawdewos (Gelawdewos of Ethiopia) from the onslaught of Ahmed Gragn, a Muslim Imam who almost destroyed the existence of the Ethiopian state. Susenyos hoped to receive a new contingent of well-armed European soldiers, this time against the Oromo, who were ravaging his kingdom, and to help with the constant rebellions. Two letters of this diplomatic effort survive, which he entrusted to Páez to send to Europe: the one to the King of Portugal is dated 10 December 1607, while the other is to the Pope and dated 14 October of the same year; neither mention his conversion, but both ask for soldiers. Bruce, p. 287 He showed the Jesuit missionaries his favor by a number of land grants, most importantly those at Gorgora, located on a peninsula on the northern shore of Lake Tana. Fasilides was proclaimed Emperor in 1630 during a revolt led by Sarsa Krestos, but did not actually reach the throne until his father abdicated in 1632. Once he became Emperor, Fasilides immediately restored the official status of the traditional Ethiopian Orthodox Church. He sent for a new ''abuna'' from the Patriarch of Alexandria, restoring the ancient relationship that had been allowed to lapse. He confiscated the lands of the Jesuits at Dankaz and elsewhere in the empire, relegating them to Fremona. When he heard that the Portuguese (Portugal) bombarded Mombasa, Fasilides assumed that Afonso Mendes, the Roman Catholic (Roman Catholic Church) prelate, was behind the act, and banished the remaining Jesuits from his lands. Mendes and most of his followers made their way back to Goa, being robbed or imprisoned several times on the way. In 1665, he ordered the "Books of the Franks" -- the remaining religious writings of the Catholics—burnt. After a period of wandering and working on board of warships and merchant ships, Hércules Florence set sail to Brazil as a crew member of the French warship ''Marie Thérèze'', arriving in the port of Rio de Janeiro on May 1, 1824, two years after the declaration of independence from Portugal. He was already an accomplished draftsman and painter (Painting) with considerable talent and many scientific interests, particularly in the natural sciences and ethnography. Soon after his arrival, he got a job in a women's fashion store and then as a lithographer in a bookstore and printing shop, owned by his compatriot Pierre Plancher. thumb 240px ''Cocoa Krispies'' with milk (File:Flickr - cyclonebill - Coco pops.jpg) The cereal is known as '''Choco Krispis''' in Mexico, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina, and '''Choco Krispies''' in Portugal, Spain, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. It was introduced in the United Kingdom as '''Coco Pops''' in 1961, and is also known by that name in Denmark, Bulgaria, Ghana, Malta, New Zealand, Ireland, Finland, Italy, Greece, Sweden, Israel, Belgium, the Netherlands, South Africa, Kenya, Uganda, Botswana, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Australia and Republic of Korea and as '''Choco Pops''' in France. Later in the 1960s, the name was changed to "Coco Krispies," but subsequently reverted to Coco Pops. In 1998, the cereal was briefly renamed again in the UK, this time to Choco Krispies. However, in 1999, after falling sales and a telephone poll in which the British public voted, its name reverted to Coco Pops. * Chinese Medicinal (Chinese medicine) Herb Garden - growing selections from the everyday pharmacopeia of modern China. * Mediterranean - exhibits flora from countries such as Morocco, Spain, Portugal and the Canary Islands, Turkey, and Syria, on a hillside with fine views across the bay. * New World Desert: bristles with cacti and other succulents from North and Central America, plus the high deserts of the Andes. '''Dawn of Azazel''' is a death metal band from New Zealand. They have played around the world in countries such as U.S. (United States), Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Czech Republic, Denmark, the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Austria, Thailand, Indonesia and Australia. In February 2008 It was announced that Martin Cavanagh would be departing the band, shortly after, He was replaced by Jeremy Suckling of Wellington deathcore band Scoria. Dawn of Azazel have finished recording the new album entitled 'Relentless', set to be released on 13 October on Unique Leader Records - The album was recorded at Mana Studios in Florida and was produced by Brian Elliott. - 2 3 September 1995 Porto, Portugal


line scale

of the Atlantic Ocean, ranging from Nova Scotia, Canada to Uruguay in the west Atlantic and Portugal to Angola in the east Atlantic, including the Mediterranean Sea. It is distinguishable from similar species by its deep body, fin colouration and a host of more detailed anatomical features, including fin ray (fish anatomy) and lateral line scale counts. It is one of the largest fish in the genus ''Caranx'', growing to a maximum known length of 124 cm and a weight of 32 kg (kilogram), although is rare at lengths greater than 60 cm. The crevalle jack inhabits both inshore and offshore (Shore) waters to depths of around 350 m, predominantly over reefs, bays, lagoons and occasionally estuaries. Young fish dispersed north by currents in the eastern Atlantic are known to migrate (fish migration) back to more tropical waters before the onset of winter; however, if the fish fail to migrate, mass mortalities occur as the temperature falls below the species' tolerance limits. In the eastern Atlantic, the southernmost record comes from Angola, with the species distributed north along the west African coastline up to West Sahara and Morocco, with its distribution also including much of the Mediterranean Sea. In the Mediterranean, its range extends as far east as Libya in the south and Turkey in the north, and includes most of the northern Mediterranean, including Greece, Italy and Spain. The species' northernmost record in the eastern Atlantic comes from Portugal, with the species also known to inhabit many of the northeastern Atlantic islands, including Cape Verde, Madeira Island, and the Canary Islands. Operation Hermes Operation Hermes is the surveillance of the Mediterranean between Italy and North Africa. In this period the no-fly zone with Libya (Libyan no-fly zone) came into effect and combat operations started on 20 March 2011. The Netherlands has a Coast Guard Dornier 228 aircraft with air force crew and Portugal an air force C-295MPA (EADS CASA C-295) stationed at Malta.


time drinking

, protect vital convoys and support mid-Atlantic Air Transport Command ferry efforts. Her husband spent much of his time drinking and restoring Glamis Castle so that "to amuse herself" Marshall she wrote her verse drama, ''The Siege of Jerusalem'' (1769). The Earl showed little interest in his wife except as a breeder of children, and she took comfort elsewhere and by the time of his death was pregnant by a lover, George Gray


life difficult

Christopher Columbus. Amado published his first novel, ''O País do Carnaval'', in 1931, at age 18. Later he married Matilde Garcia Rosa and had a daughter, Lila, in 1933. The same year he published his second novel, ''Cacau (Cacau (novel))'', which increased his popularity. Amado's leftist activities made his life difficult under the dictatorial regime of Getúlio Vargas: in 1935 he was arrested for the first time, and two years later his books were publicly burned. His works were banned from Portugal, but in the rest of Europe he gained great popularity with the publication of ''Jubiabá'' in France. The book had enthusiastic reviews, including that of Nobel Prize (Nobel prize) Award winner Albert Camus. On April 6, 1961, he was elected to the Brazilian Academy of Letters (Academia Brasileira de Letras). He received the title of Doctor ''honoris causa'' from several Universities in Brazil, Portugal, Italy, Israel and France, as well as other honors in almost every South American country, including ''Obá de Xangô'' (santoon) of the Candomblé, the traditional Afro-Brazilian religion of Bahia. Upon returning to Norfolk on 28 September 1977, ''Archerfish'' began preparations for an overseas deployment in the Mediterranean. She left Norfolk on 12 December 1977 crossed the Atlantic, spent the Christmas holidays in port at Lisbon (Lisbon, Portugal), Portugal, and entered the Mediterranean Sea on 28 December 1977. While operating with the United States Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean, she participated in Chief of Naval Operation Project "Over the Horizon Testing" and, during March 1978 took part in Exercise "Dogfish." She concluded her deployment with her arrival at Norfolk in May 1978. On 1 April 1995, Ireland was added to the VWP. In 1996, Argentina (the first Latin American country) and Australia joined, although Argentina was later removed in 2002. On 30 September 1997, Slovenia was added. On 9 August 1999, Portugal, Singapore and Uruguay joined the program, although Uruguay was subsequently removed in 2003. http: www.americanlaw.com vwpp.html The identifying mark varied from one country to another, and from period to period. Apart from the hat, there were also attempts to enforce the wearing of full-length robes, which in late 14th century Rome were supposed to be red. The most common form of badge was the "rota" (Latin for "wheel"), which looked like a ring, of white or yellow. Schreckenburg:15, although Piponnier and Mane, p. 137 say red was commonest for badges of all shapes, followed by yellow or green, or red and white together. The shape and color of the patch also varied, although the color was usually white or yellow. Married women were often required to wear two bands of blue on their veil or head-scarf. Piponnier and Mane, p. 137. Edward I of England's Statute of Jewry prescribed "the form of two Tables joined (Ten Commandments), of yellow felt of the length of six inches and of the breadth of three inches". This shape — two separate strips or two joined round-topped rectangles — was particular to England. Schreckenburg: 305. In Portugal a red star of David was used. Françoise Piponnier and Perrine Mane; ''Dress in the Middle Ages''; p. 137, Yale UP, 1997; ISBN 0300069065. Louis IX of France ordered French Jews to wear oval ''rouelle'', a version of the "rota". As with all sumptuary laws, enforcement of the rules was very variable; in Marseilles the magistrates ignored accusations of breaches, and in some places individuals or communities could buy exemption. Cathars who were considered "first time offenders" by the Catholic Church and the Inquisition were also forced to wear yellow badges, albeit in the form of crosses, about their person. In 2008, an experimental intervention program was launched in Portugal, covering three prisons, in Carregueira (Belas, Sintra (Sintra Municipality)), Paços de Ferreira and Funchal. The prisoners participating in the program are all volunteers, which is noted by the program developers as a crucial factor on its success. The initial plans were to cover ten inmates per prison, contemplating a possible enlargement to other prisons in the future. The program also included a rehabilitation (Rehabilitation (penology)) component.


beautiful game

is mostly known for its association football team. Founded in Porto in September 28, 1893,


good performances


winning international

appeared in nine complete matches in the 2003–04 UEFA Cup, including the final (2004 UEFA Cup Final) against Valencia CF, a 0–2 loss, which would be his last match for the club. Renato Aragão acted in many films, some of them winning international awards, such as ''Os Vagabundos Trapalhões'' and ''O Cangaceiro Trapalhão'', at the ''Festival Internacional de Cinema para a Infância e Juventude'' (Portugal), in 1984, and ''Os Trapalhões e a Árvore da Juventude'' ("The Trapalhőes and the Tree of Youth"), at the III Festival de Cine Infantil de Ciudad Guayana (Venezuela), in 1993. Biography Navalar, born Arumukam also spelt Arumugam (or Arumuga Pillai) in 1822, belonged to an elite Vellalas (Vellalar (Sri Lankan Tamil)) caste. He grew up in the Tamil dominated regions of Sri Lanka. His home was in the town of Nallur (Nallur (Jaffna)) on the Jaffna peninsula, a strip of land (40 by 15 miles) separated from South India by the Palk Strait. The principal town Jaffna and the peninsula were predominantly Tamil Saiva in culture distinct from that of the Sinhalese (Sinhala people) Buddhists elsewhere. It was closely linked to the Saiva culture of South India.


international character

. Carson Beckett was originally meant to be an international character, but McGillion decided during his audition to play Beckett as a Scottish character. McGillion was in Portugal when his agent informed him that he got the part of Carson Beckett. ref>


voice support

President Fradique de Menezes after army unrest overtwo controversial promotions. thumb right 300px Francesinha (File:Francesinhacaseira.JPG) '''Francesinha''' (meaning ''Little Frenchie'' or simply ''Frenchie'' in Portuguese language


modern conservative

.gov.uk history-and-tour prime-ministers-in-history benjamin_disraeli accessdate 20 September 2009 publisher Number10.gov.uk He played an instrumental role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party (Conservative Party (UK)) after the Corn Laws schism of 1846. The first European (European ethnic groups) contact with Bali is thought to have been made in 1585 when a Portuguese (Portugal) ship foundered off the Bukit Peninsula and left a few Portuguese

Portugal

'''Portugal''' (

The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).

The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.

Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.

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