runners-up of the Intercontinental Cup (Intercontinental Cup (football)). Sporting Clube de Portugal (commonly known as "Sporting") is one of the major clubs in Portugal, one of the Big Three, having won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (1964) and was runners-up of the UEFA Cup (2005). The third most important club is C.F. Os Belenenses (commonly "Belenenses" also "Belenenses Lisbon"). Other sports, such as indoor football (indoor American football), handball (team handball), basketball and roller hockey are also popular. There are many other sport facilities in Lisbon, ranging from athletics (athletics (sport)) to sailing to golf to mountain-biking. Every March the city hosts the Lisbon Half Marathon, while in September - Portugal Half Marathon. Sport Lisboa e Benfica (commonly known as "Benfica") is a sports club best known worldwide for its football team, one of the major clubs in Portugal, one of the Big Three, two-times winner and five-times runners-up of the European Cup, one-time runners-up of the UEFA Cup and one-time runners-up of the Intercontinental Cup (Intercontinental Cup (football)). Sporting Clube de Portugal (commonly known as "Sporting") is one of the major clubs in Portugal, one of the Big Three, having won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (1964) and was runners-up of the UEFA Cup (2005). The third most important club is C.F. Os Belenenses (commonly "Belenenses" also "Belenenses Lisbon"). Other sports, such as indoor football (indoor American football), handball (team handball), basketball and roller hockey are also popular. There are many other sport facilities in Lisbon, ranging from athletics (athletics (sport)) to sailing to golf to mountain-biking. Every March the city hosts the Lisbon Half Marathon, while in September - Portugal Half Marathon. * Francisco de Holanda (originally Francisco d'Olanda), (c. 1517 – 1585) was a humanist (Renaissance humanist) and painter (Painting). Considered to be one of the most important figures of the Portuguese Renaissance, he was also an essayist, architect, and historian. He was a maternal nephew of Pope Adrian VI and a remote uncle of Deodoro da Fonseca, Sérgio Buarque de Holanda and his namesake Chico Buarque; * António Ferreira (1528 – November 29, 1569), was a poet and the foremost representative of the classical school, founded by Francisco de Sá de Miranda. His most considerable work, ''Castro (#Castro),'' is the first tragedy in Portuguese (Portugal), and the second in modern European literature. known as the ''Portuguese Horace'', he was an ardent defender of the Portuguese language. * Diogo do Couto (about 1542 – Goa, December 10, 1616) was a notable historian who continued the ''Decades of Asia'' of the great historian João de Barros. Couto was a close friend of the poet Luís de Camões.
Vitória de Setúbal (Vitória F.C.) (1–1 away draw) and U.D. Leiria (two goals, 2–1 home success). Jarric's work gives a comprehensive picture of the missionary enterprises of the Jesuits up to 1610, chiefly within the sphere of Portuguese interests. It contains much valuable data on colonial history, geography, and ethnography, taken from Spanish (Spain) and Portuguese (Portugal) reports, and from the works of Father Luis de Guzman (''Hist. de las Missiones que han hecho
, Chesterfield. '''''Civilization III: Conquests''''' is the second and final expansion for the award-winning and best-selling computer game (video game) ''Civilization III''. It was published in 2003. This expansion added seven new civilizations to the game, and including the eight civilizations from ''Play the World (Civilization III: Play the World)'' this brings the total number of playable civilizations up to thirty-one (the maximum supported by the game). The new civilizations
went in 1838 to Portugal to earn a degree in Law at the University of Coimbra. There, he got in contact with the Romantic (Romanticism) ideals and wrote his critically acclaimed poem "Canção do exílio". He graduated in 1845 and returned to Brazil in the same year. He goes to Rio de Janeiro, living there until 1854. There, he wrote the drama ''Leonor de Mendonça'' in 1846 and his first poetry book, ''Primeiros Cantos'', in 1847. Kristang cuisine blends
sports stars in Portuguese football history, a black football player from Portuguese East Africa named Eusébio, were another examples of assimilation and multiracialism. Since 1961, with the beginning of the colonial wars in its overseas territories, Portugal had begun to incorporate black Portuguese Africans in the war effort in Angola, Portuguese Guinea, and Portuguese Mozambique based on concepts of multi-racialism and preservation of the empire. African participation
. In the ensuing centuries (century) Västervik suffered attacks from hostile armies. It was more or less completely destroyed five times between 1450 and 1677. Despite this, king Gustav Vasa established a ship industry here in the 16th century, from which ships sailed to Germany and the Baltic countries, and from the 17th century they sailed to Portugal too. In the 18th century a long period of peace allowed the ship industry to expand, increasing the ship routes down
of Discoveries with its vast Empire (Portuguese Empire). Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries (century), Portugal lost much of its wealth and status first through the loss of its military and naval power due to the military disaster of Alcacer-Kibir, and shortly thereafter its fleet, which had had been incorporated into the Spanish Armada so the country was unable to defend its interests overseas. It was further weakened later with the destruction of much
of orientalists (Orientalism) who saw India as a great civilization, invented the field of Indology, and advocated a more accepting point of view. History The first airport on Sal Island was built in 1939 by Italy, as a fuel and provisions stopping-point on routes from Rome (Rome, Italy) to South America. The first flight, an arrival from Rome and Seville (Seville, Spain), was on December 15, 1939. In 1947, the Portuguese (Portugal) colonial government purchased the airport from
France was tied into an Ottoman (Franco-Ottoman alliance) alliance, however, the Persian embassy to Europe of 1599–1602 (Persian embassy to Europe (1599–1602)) and the Persian embassy to Europe of 1609–1615 (Persian embassy to Europe (1609–1615)) avoided France. A Capuchin (Order of Friars Minor Capuchin) mission was however established in Ispahan under Pacifique de Provins in 1627. International presence International PrivatBank network comprises such bank partners
;Echo Beach", which reached #3 in Canada, #1 in Portugal, #5 in Australia and #10 in the UK (United Kingdom) charts in March 1980. It also reached #37 in the U.S. on the Club Play Singles chart. "Saigon" was released as a follow-up single in the UK a few months later, but failed to chart. In Canada, the follow-up single was "Paint By Number Heart" — it climbed to #69. The album itself was certified gold
of Liberty GOL (July 9, 1900 – 1985) was a Portuguese (Portugal) poet and fiction writer with a vast work of varied influences. Gomes Ferreira was also a political activist that participated in the resistance against the dictatorship of Oliveira Salazar, becoming later a member of the Portuguese Communist Party. In the late 1970s he occupied the presidency of the Portuguese Writers Association. International IDEA's founding member states were Australia
The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).
The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.