Valadares was explored in colonial times. The first expedition to reach the Doce River arrived there in 1573, leaving from Porto Seguro in Bahia. Only in the beginning of the nineteenth century did its colonization begin when in 1808 the Portuguese (Portugal) government created military divisions in the region. In 1823, the D. Manoel barracks were established on the left bank of the Doce, exactly at the point at which the river begins to be partially navigable. By the end of the nineteenth century, Dom Manuel was the main river port on the Doce, being a meeting place for muleteers and canoes that took products to the coast. Only after the beginning of the twentieth century was the occupation of the territory accelerated, with the construction of the Vitória-Minas railway in 1902. In 1925 the first electric plant was installed to serve the residences of the town. It was powered by steam. thumb 270px right One of the inscriptions of Arroyo de la Luz. (Image:Lusitano2.jpg) '''Lusitanian''' (so named after the Lusitani or Lusitanians) was a paleohispanic language (paleohispanic languages) that apparently belonged to the Indo-European (Indo-European languages) family. Its relationship to the Celtic languages of the Iberian Peninsula, either as a member, a cousin (in a branch termed "Para-Celtic"), or as a different branch of Indo-European, is debated. It is known from only five, but sizeable
, for cars registered before that date. * Italy (Vehicle registration plates of Italy), since 1999, has added a blue strip on either side. On the right one are the two digits of the year when the plate was issued (e.g. "99", "05", "08") and below that there may be an optional two-letter code for the province, such as "MO" for the Province of Modena. Albania (Vehicle registration plates of Albania) and France (Vehicle registration plates of France) have
sister in Portugal where he stayed for several years. During this period he suffered a debilitating and agonising illness. Receiving the attentions of a particularly caring nurse, he survived, despite the gloomy predictions of the doctors. Converting to Catholicism, he became a monk. He is particularly known for his concept of Precarity (Precarity (Social Christianity)), and was influential on Dorothy Day. alt thumb Cartoon by Art Young (File:Jesus wanted poster.jpg), first
plays ''Power (Power (play))'' (2003), and ''Summerfolk (Summerfolk (play))'' (1999) both premiered at the same venue. ''Power'' deals with the intrigue and tension of the court of the young Louis XIV of France. It has been produced at theatres in Portugal, Poland and Hungary, as well as the Finnish National Theatre (Kansallisteatteri). Biography Van Rheede was born in a family of noblemen that played a leading part in the political, administrative and cultural life
a designation for the party preceding the New Year's Day. In the United States, the réveillon tradition is still observed in New Orleans due to the city's strong French (French people) heritage, with a number of the city's restaurants offering special réveillon menus on Christmas Eve. * On 29 May 2009, the French President Nicolas Sarkozy cancelled a visit to Sweden scheduled for June 2, 2009, in order to avoid a clash on the question of Turkey's EU membership just a few days
Company of Angola . In 1995, she was given the IDENTITY prize by the UNAC (Union of Artists and Composers). In 2006 received the "Diploma of Honor from the Ministry of Culture" and the "National Prize for Arts" in the Dance category, for her contribution in the fields of education, artistic creation, research and culture of their country. Origins Pisang Goreng was introduced in 1511 by the Portuguese (Portugal) who had banana fritters as a breakfast staple. Prior
potential, the period saw the first stages in establishing a network of nuclear power stations to meet the rapidly growing energy demands. In some nations, including Denmark, Ireland, Portugal, Sweden, Finland, and the United Kingdom, some popular chocolate products contain a proportion of vegetable fat (normally up to 5%). Elsewhere, such fats are not used, and in some areas (principally Spain and Italy) laws prohibited other fats from being used in chocolate products. In particular, the laws of some European Union members required the use of only cocoa butter. Chocolate manufacturers and others in those nations campaigned vigorously to maintain (and indeed extend) such prohibitions against "substandard" chocolate products of other nations, especially the UK. In Leeds' first season in the First Division they performed very well for a newly promoted team and ended the season fourth in the league. "Wilko" felt further improvement was required on the squad and brought in Rod Wallace, Tony Dorigo and Steve Hodge finalising his best squad with Eric Cantona in February 1992. Leeds won the last championship of the old-style Football League (the Football League) First Division (Football League First Division) in 1992. As of 2010, Wilkinson is the last English manager to have coached a team to the English league championship title; the five subsequent winning managers have been Scottish (Scotland) (Alex Ferguson and Kenny Dalglish), French (Arsène Wenger), Portuguese (Portugal) (José Mourinho) and Italian (Carlo Ancelotti). He also guided Leeds to the Charity Shield (FA Community Shield) in 1992, beating then-FA Cup holders Liverpool (Liverpool F.C.) 4–3 at Wembley (Wembley Stadium (1924)). However, his subsequent time at Leeds was less successful, and even though he guided the team to the League Cup (Football League Cup) final, after a poor start to the 1996–97 (1996–97 in English football) season including a 4–0 defeat to bitter rivals Manchester United (Manchester United F.C.), on 9 September 1996, he was sacked. The '''Estádio das Antas''' (officially '''Estádio do Futebol Clube do Porto''') was the third (and longest occupied) stadium of the Portuguese (Portugal) football (football (soccer)) side FC Porto. It was in use from 1952 to 2004, replacing the earlier Campo da Constituição and later replaced by Estádio do Dragão. As well the stadium, it had an indoor arena and three training grounds. The club's offices were also split between the inside of the stadium and the ''Torre das Antas'', built in front of the stadium during the 1990s. It was demolished in 2004. thumb Coat of Arms (Image:VLG1.png) '''Valongo''' (
), Amaral was sworn in as the first President of East Timor when the country, then a Portuguese (Portugal) colony, made a unilateral declaration of independence on 28 November 1975.
a Basilica by the Blessed Pope John Paul II in 1984. This magnificent church is a must see destination for tourists who come to Cochin. Yearbooks * '''''CIDOB International Yearbook'''''. This is probably the centre's best-known publication
. Published since 1990, it features four main sections: Spain's Foreign Relations; Europe; International Situation and (since the 1997 edition), Country Profile, which analyzes from different views a relevant country on the international stage. The countries highlighted to date have been: India (1997); Turkey (1998); Russia (1999); China (2000); Mexico (2001); Morocco (2002); South Korea (2003); Brazil (2004); South Africa (2005); Portugal (2006); Algeria (2007
The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).
The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.