, de Camões e das Comunidades Portuguesas ('''Day of Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese Communities (Portuguese people)'''), is Portugal's National Day celebrated annually on June 10. Although officially observed only in Portugal (Public holidays in Portugal), Portuguese citizens and emigrants throughout the world celebrate this holiday. The June 10 date commemorates the death of national literary icon Luís Vaz de Camões (Luís de Camões) in 1580. - 12. 22 June 2004
of the Roman Catholic Church. The Royal '''Dukedom of Aveiro (Aveiro, Portugal)''' was an aristocratic (Nobility) Portuguese (Portugal) title, granted in 1535 by King John III of Portugal to his 4th cousin, John of Lencastre (John of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Aveiro), son of Infante George of Lencastre (George, Duke of Coimbra), a natural son of King John II of Portugal. Raimundo of Lencastre, 4th Duke of Aveiro maintained his House's traditional support for the Habsburg monarchy, even after the 1640 national revolution in Portugal. Therefore the Aveiro property was confiscated by the new Kings of the Braganza Dynasty (House of Braganza), and granted in 1668 to his uncle, Peter of Lencastre (Peter of Lencastre, 5th Duke of Aveiro), who already was Archbishop of Évora and general Inquisitor, becoming 5th Duke of Aveiro. He died in 1673 without issue. The Dukes of Aveyro (Spanish title) When Peter of Lencastre, 5th Duke of Aveiro died in 1673, his niece Maria de Guadalupe of Lencastre (Maria de Guadalupe of Lencastre, 6th Duchess of Aveiro) was finally recognised by the Portuguese King as Duchess of Aveiro in 1679, on condition that she return to Portugal although she was married to the Spanish (Spain) Duke of Los Arcos. Her husband opposed this; she divorced him, returned to her homeland and regained the House of Aveiro and their estates. During the next year, the destroyer cruised almost the length of the eastern seaboard plane-guarding for carriers such as ''Ranger'' (CV-4) (USS Ranger (CV-4)). Late in the spring of 1946, she joined ''Little Rock'' (CL-91) (USS Little Rock (CG-4)) in an extended cruise to Europe and visited ports in England, Scotland, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Portugal, and the Netherlands before entering the Mediterranean for her first tour of duty with the U.S. 6th Fleet. That assignment ended on 8 February 1947 when she passed through the Strait of Gibraltar on her way back home. ''Warrington'' arrived at New York City on 19 February and entered the naval shipyard there for voyage repairs.
—L'incroyable et ses preuves (mars 1990) , En ligne , mis en ligne le 7 octobre 2005, Terrain.revues.org, Consulté le 15 juin 2007.
Beaker Culture in Southern Germany (1998) This conclusion was supported by a review of radiocarbon dates for Bell Beaker across Europe, which showed that the earliest dates for Bell Beaker were 2900 BC in Iberia (Iberian peninsula). This makes the style contemporary with Corded Ware, but beginning in a different region of Europe. J. Muller and S. van Willigen, New radiocarbon evidence for European Bell Beakers and the consequences
holiday destination for white Rhodesians (Whites in Zimbabwe). One reminder of this is the Grande Hotel (Grande Hotel Beira), built by the Portuguese, near the shore of the Indian Ocean. Cidade da Beira A short film of Beira, Portuguese Mozambique. BEIRA-CENTENÁRIO-O MEU TRIBUTO A film about Beira, Portuguese Mozambique, its Grande Hotel, and the railway station. Post
in Lisbon. There is an amazing number of other things you can buy, either at sophisticated commercial facilities or at fairs and more popular places. Handicraft is a good example. Handmade leather purses or clothes, toys, home utensils, glass items, decoration, etc. You can find them at popular touristic places or at better prices in fairs and popular parties in small towns. Almost all major brands can be bought in major cities, all luxury articles are available, but there is not a clear
-commercial public service channel DR1. In Spain, the show aired on premium channel Canal+. In Estonia, as well as Croatia and Slovenia, the show was aired late at night on public, non-commercial, state-owned channels ETV (ETV (Estonia)), HRT (Croatian Radiotelevision) and RTV SLO (Slovenian Radiotelevision). In Bosnia and Herzegovina, it was aired on the federal TV station called FTV (Federalna televizija). In Portugal, ''Oz'' aired late at night on SIC
), Amaral was sworn in as the first President of East Timor when the country, then a Portuguese (Portugal) colony, made a unilateral declaration of independence on 28 November 1975.
. They are distinguished by their parrot-like zygodactylous feet, their separately mobile and stereoscopic (stereoscopic vision) eyes, their very long, highly modified, and rapidly extrudable tongues, their swaying gait, the possession by many of a prehensile tail, crests or horns on their distinctively shaped heads, and the ability of some to change color. Colors include pink, blue, red, orange, turquoise, yellow, and green. Uniquely adapted for climbing and visual hunting, the approximately 160 species of chameleon range from Africa, Madagascar, Spain and Portugal, across south Asia, to Sri Lanka, have been introduced (Introduced species) to Hawaii, California and Florida, and are found in warm habitats that vary from rain forest to desert conditions. Chameleons are often kept as household pets. Portugal Carolina Beatriz Ângelo was the first Portuguese (Portugal) woman to vote, in 1911, for the Republican Constitutional Parliament (Portuguese First Republic). She argued that she was entitled to do so as she was the head of a household. The law was changed some time later, stating that only male heads of households could vote. In 1931, during the Estado Novo (Estado Novo (Portugal)) regime, women were allowed to vote for the first time, but only if they had a high school or university degree (Academic degree), while men had only to be able to read and write. In 1946, a new electoral law enlarged the possibility of female vote, but still with some differences regarding men. A law from 1968 claimed to establish "equality of political rights (Right) for men and women", but a few electoral rights were reserved for men. After the Carnation Revolution, in 1974, women were granted full and equal electoral rights. Europe Most European countries have legalized abortion (in at least some cases) through certain laws (United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Netherlands, etc.). Russia legalized the procedure in 1955. It is also the country with the lowest level of sexual education.
The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).
The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.