and perspective of history and history education in Europe completely and for many countries, a European dimension in history education suddenly became possible and important for the future. History education is frequently used as a vehicle for political propaganda, hatred and aggression, but now the decision was made to renew contacts between East and West and reinforce a history education that could act as a tool to foster integration, peace and stability in Europe. From 1993 on, EUROCLIO
some individuals of the surrounding population, attacking a Portuguese (Portugal) administrative post in the province. This raid marked the beginning of the Portuguese Colonial War, the armed struggle between the Portuguese colonial authorities in the then Portuguese Overseas Province of Mozambique (Portuguese East Africa). '''Nampula''' is a province (Provinces of Mozambique) of Mozambique. It has an area of 81,606 km² and a population of 3.985.285 (2007 Census).
, 2007 In September of that year, director and dramatist Cezarina Udrescu staged a multimedia performance based on a number of works Mircea Eliade wrote during his stay in Portugal; titled ''Apocalipsa după Mircea Eliade'' ("The Apocalypse According to Mircea Eliade"), and shown as part of a Romanian Radio cultural campaign, it starred Ion Caramitru, Oana Pellea and Răzvan Vasilescu. "Scrieri de Eliade şi Vişniec, în cadrul festivalului Enescu" ("Texts by Eliade and Vişniec, as Part of the Enescu Festival"), in ''Gândul'', September 12, 2007; retrieved December 4, 2007
in the Alentejo region and finally to the Algarve, a glamorous beach holiday destination. The climate, combined with investments in the golfing infrastructure in recent years, has also turned the country into a golfing haven: Portugal was recently named "Best Golf Destination 2008" by readers of Golfers Today, a British publication, and fourteen of Portugal's courses are rated in the top 100 best in Europe. If you want a condensed view of European landscapes, culture and way of life
for a density of 67 hab km². The major cities are Covilhã (pop. 31,500 - city proper) and Fundão (pop. 9,000 - city proper). The subregion has a significant economic output related mainly with textiles, food industry, agriculture and mining. The most significant productions include woollen, fabrics, olive oil, wine, wood, cherries (Cherry), peaches and other vegetables. Some of the most important wolframite (most important mineral source
, Guinness, Tetley's, and Kilkenny. One of the most famous is Super Bock, the market leader in the country (42% market share Sept. 1998). The company is headquartered in Leça do Balio, near Porto in northern Portugal. It also has assets in the mineral water business, including the Pedras Salgadas brand. Água das Pedras "O poder da Natureza é infinito", Unicer In Angola, Unicer holds the main imported beer brands. '''Sociedade Central de Cervejas (SCC)''' (full name: SCC – Sociedade Central de Cervejas e Bebidas, S.A.) is a Portuguese (Portugal) brewery, founded in 1934. Its main output is the Sagres (Sagres (beer)) brand of beers. The company has been controlled since April 2008 by Heineken (Heineken International).
and as "''A formar!''" ("Fall in!", in the military sense) in the Catalan version. The manga is published by Norma Editorial under the title ''Keroro''. Norma Editorial: Catálogo: Keroro There are no name changes in either the manga or the anime. * In Portugal, the anime is aired in Spanish and subtitled in Portuguese on Panda Biggs (Canal Panda). In May 2006, Portugal's National Defense Minister, Luís Amado, showed interest in buying two ''Karel Doorman'' class frigates to replace the two remaining frigates of the ''João Belo'' class (João Belo class frigate) in service with the Portuguese Navy — instead of buying two frigates of the ''Oliver Hazard Perry'' class (Oliver Hazard Perry class frigate), offered by the United States. A committee of the Portuguese government arrived in the Netherlands to evaluate the condition of two frigates to be bought. International retail outlets as of December 2010 include UK (13), France (7), Italy (6), Germany (5), Ireland (Republic of Ireland) (1), Sweden (7), Norway (6), Spain (5), Turkey (2), US (United States) (4), Hong Kong (9), Singapore (4), South Korea (8) China (People's Republic of China) (26), Taiwan (19), Thailand (8), Indonesia (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1) and the Philippines (5). '''Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage''' (September 15, 1765 — December 21, 1805) was a Portuguese (Portugal) Neoclassic (Neoclassicism) poet, writing under the pen name '''Elmano Sadino'''. Biography Antônio Gonçalves Dias was born in Caxias (Caxias, Maranhão) on August 10, 1823, to Portuguese (Portuguese people) João Manuel Gonçalves Dias and ''cafuza (cafuzo)'' Vicência Ferreira. After completing his studies in Latin, French (French language) and Philosophy, he went in 1838 to Portugal to earn a degree in Law at the University of Coimbra. There, he got in contact with the Romantic (Romanticism) ideals and wrote his critically acclaimed poem "Canção do exílio". He graduated in 1845 and returned to Brazil in the same year. He goes to Rio de Janeiro, living there until 1854. There, he wrote the drama ''Leonor de Mendonça'' in 1846 and his first poetry book, ''Primeiros Cantos'', in 1847. Kristang cuisine blends the cuisines of Southeast Asia with a western-style cuisine inherited from Portuguese (Portugal) colonial (Colonialism) rulers. Other popular Kristang dishes include curry feng, Eurasian smore (wikibooks:Cookbook: Eurasian Smore) (a beef stew), and sugee cake. '''Vila de São Sebastião''', commonly shortened to '''São Sebastião''' (Portuguese (Portuguese language) for Saint Sebastian) is a civil parish in the municipality of Angra do Heroísmo, on the island of Terceira (Terceira Island) in the Portuguese (Portugal) archipelago of the Azores. In 2001, the population was less than 1984 inhabitants, in an area of land approximately 24.36 km² (a density of roughly 81 inhabitants per kilometre). The city's economy (Economic system) is based mainly on tourism, as a result of its beautiful beaches and a rich cultural heritage that includes early Portuguese (Portugal) buildings, history and culinary distinctions, which bring to the city many Brazilian and foreign tourists. Ilheus has approximately 222,000 inhabitants, with an area of 1850 km sq, and its downtown is located 1 km away from the Atlantic Ocean. Once one of the biggest exporters of cocoa beans, the city depends almost entirely on tourism. Ilhéus has a very good infrastructure for tourism, including excellent hotels and many travel agencies. Besides their four days in Sweden, the Americans visited Germany — including the port of Kiel in the King of Prussia's (Wilhelm I of Germany) newly acquired province of Schleswig-Holstein-France, Portugal, and Spain before they transited the Strait of Gibraltar two days before Christmas. They welcomed in the new year, 1867, at Málaga, Spain, and spent the next four and one-half months visiting the traditionally popular ports of call in the Mediterranean before departing Gibraltar on 15 May and heading home, via the Canary Islands, the Cape Verdes, Barbados, and the Bahamas. Following a week at Nassau, they began the final passage of the cruise on 17 July and moored in the Philadelphia Navy Yard on the 22nd. Soon thereafter, ''Augusta'' was laid up in the New York Navy Yard and remained there until sold at auction on 2 December 1868 to "Commodore" Cornelius Kingsland Garrison. Olsen was a part of the Anderlecht team which beat Portuguese (Portugal) team FC Porto and Spanish (Spain) team Valencia CF, among others, to reach the final game of the international 1982–83 UEFA Cup (UEFA Cup 1982-83) tournament. Anderlecht faced Portuguese team S.L. Benfica in the final, and won 2–1 on aggregate score. Olsen was subsequently named 1983 Danish ''Player of the Year'' (Danish Player of the Year). Årets Spiller at DBU.dk Anderlecht also reached the 1983–84 UEFA Cup (UEFA Cup 1983-84) final against Tottenham Hotspur from England. Olsen scored a goal in the first leg, but missed his shot in the deciding penalty shoot-out (Penalty shootout (association football)) which Tottenham won. Ankerdal, Lassen & Sloth (2009), p.70 '''Portuguese pavement''' (in Portuguese (Portuguese language), ''Calçada Portuguesa''), is a traditional style pavement (pavement (roads)) used for many pedestrian areas in Portugal, it can also be found in Olivenza (disputed territory (Disputed status of Olivenza), administered by Spain), and throughout the old Portuguese colonies (Portuguese Empire) such as Brazil and Macau. Portuguese workers are also being hired for this skill to create these pavements in places such as Gibraltar. Being usually used in sidewalks, it is in plazas and atrium (atrium (architecture))s this art finds its deepest expression. Portuguese rule The name Gurúè is said to be local tribal dialect (Lomwe (Lomwe language)) for "porco do mato" (peccary), or the name of a local tribal chief. Gurúè was founded and named by the Portuguese (Portugal) in the 19th century and developed as a major tea producing town starting in the 1930s. The Portuguese authorities promoted a thriving economic climate and local tea companies become major players in the industry. Chá Moçambique, Companhia da Zambézia, Chá Gurúè and Plantações Manuel Saraiva Junqueiro were the major tea companies headquartered in the town. With good natural attractions - Namuli mountain range (Mount Namuli) (2419 m), large tea plantations (''chá'' in Portuguese), and rivers, leading tea brands, such as ''Chá Moçambique'', ''Chá Licungo'', ''Chá Gurúè'', and ''Chá Montebranco Junqueiro'', achieved international recognition – most of the production was exported to the United Kingdom, United States and Canada. Other agricultural activities were developed as well. In the 1940s, over 300 Portuguese lived in the small town of Gurúè which gravitated around the tea aristocracy who provided all the amenities for the entire working population, including a private small airline to the largest cities on the coast, like Nampula, and the port city of Quelimane, the capital of Zambezia, in Portuguese East Africa. After the death of tea tycoon Manuel Saraiva Junqueiro, in an airplane crash, the town of Gurúè was renamed Vila Junqueiro in October 1959. By the late 1950s the town had grown, the cinema was founded and TAZ airline (Transportes Aéreos da Zambézia) increased its flights in the town’s airfield. Under Portuguese administration the town expanded harmoniously in terms of urbanism and architectural landscape. QUELIMANE, a film of the cosmopolitan port of Quelimane and tea centre of Vila Junqueiro, Portuguese Mozambique, before 1975. Duarte Caires in DIÁRIO DE NOTÍCIAS DA MADEIRA, May 2008 - full text: is a Freguesia civil parish located in the Portuguese (Portugal) municipality of Viana do Castelo (Viana do Castelo Municipality). As of the 2001 census, Afife had a population of 1,632 and covered 13.03 km² (approximately 125 inhabitants km²). He also took part in the development in the first immune serum against the bubonic plague (black pest), in collaboration with the discoverer of its pathogenic agent, ''Yersinia pestis'', by Alexandre Yersin (Alexandre Emile John Yersin) (1863–1943), and went to Portugal to study and to help fight an epidemic at Oporto. Joseph Kobzon appeared with solo concerts in most cities of the former USSR. He was also bestowed the rare honour of performing international concerts tours as a representative of USSR in United States, Panama, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Argentina, Israel, Republic of the Congo, Zaire, Angola, Nigeria, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Germany, Greece, and Finland. Battle There is no certainty about the exact location of the battle, although it is typically pronounced that the event occurred in the countryside between the town of Castro Verde and Ourique (Ourique Municipality) (
Motsoaledi , Walter Sisulu and Harold Wolpe, all senior African National Congress membersed at Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, Johannesburg The question of identity is complex. Award-winning researcher Paul Heinegg and Dr. Virginia DeMarce found that ancestors of 80 percent of free people of color (including individuals on the census later claimed as Lumbee ancestors) in the 1790 and 1810 censuses on the North Carolina frontier were descended from families of white women
the traditional temple town according to Hindu traditions. ''Cankilian Thoppu'', the facade of the palace of King Cankili II, can still be found in Nallur. Kunarasa, K ''The Jaffna Dynasty'', p. 4 The third temple was destroyed by the Portuguese (Portugal) Catholic colonial Phillippe de
'' in Portuguese) is a 4 player-partnership point trick-taking card game. The game is most popular in Portugal, Brazil and Angola. Its closest known relative is the very similar German game Einwerfen. *The rubber being of 6 points instead of 4 (frequently played in the north of Portugal). In this case taking all the tricks will make you win 4 games, not the entire rubber. *If a team scores more than 90 points, the defeated one loses 2 games - this is called "rolha"
The land within the borders of the current Portuguese Republic has been continually fought over and settled since prehistoric times (Prehistoric Iberia). The Celts and the Romans (Roman Republic) were followed by the Visigothic (Visigoths) and the Suebi Germanic peoples, who were themselves later invaded by the Moors. These Muslim peoples were eventually expelled during the Christian ''Reconquista'' of the peninsula. By 1139, Portugal established itself as a kingdom (Kingdom of Portugal) independent from León (Kingdom of León). Brian Jenkins, Spyros A. Sofos, ''Nation and identity in contemporary Europe'', p. 145, Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-12313-5 In the 15th and 16th centuries, as the result of pioneering the Age of Discovery, Portugal expanded western (Western Civilization) influence and established the first global empire (Portuguese Empire), Melvin Eugene Page, Penny M. Sonnenburg, p. 481 becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers (Education superpower), and ultimately dividing the world with Spain (Treaty of Tordesilhas).
The Portuguese Empire was the longest-lived of the modern European colonial empires, spanning almost 600 years, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China in 1999 (''de facto'') or the granting of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002 (''de jure'') after occupation by Indonesia since 1975. The empire spread throughout a vast number of territories that are now part of 53 different sovereign states (Evolution of the Portuguese Empire), leaving a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today (Lusophone) (making it the sixth most spoken first language (List of languages by number of native speakers)) and a number of Portuguese-based creoles (Portuguese-based creole languages). Portugal's international status was greatly reduced during the 19th century, especially following the Independence (Independence of Brazil) of Brazil. After the 1910 revolution (5 October 1910 revolution) deposed the monarchy, the democratic but unstable Portuguese First Republic (First Portuguese Republic) was established, itself being superseded by the "Estado Novo" right-wing authoritarian regime (Estado Novo (Portugal)). Democracy was restored after the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution in 1974. Shortly after, independence was granted to Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, East Timor, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
Portugal is a developed country with an advanced economy (Developed country#IMF advanced economies), high living standards 2014 Global Report. (Europe 2014) http: www.numbeo.com quality-of-life rankings_by_country.jsp Social Progress Index and high-quality infrastructures, ranking 2nd in the quality of the road network http: www.statista.com statistics 268157 ranking-of-the-20-countries-with-the-highest-road-quality and 11th overall, http: www.statista.com statistics 264753 ranking-of-countries-according-to-the-general-quality-of-infrastructure according to the Global Competitiveness Report. It is one of the world's most globalized (Globalization Index), peaceful (Global Peace Index) and responsive (List of countries by discrimination and violence against minorities) nations. Global Peace Index. Institute for Economics and Peace. visionofhumanity.org (July 2014) List of countries by Fragile States Index#Very Stable. Fragile States Index (July 2014) It is a member of the United Nations, European Union, Eurozone, OECD, NATO, WTO, Schengen Area, and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries. Portugal was among the first countries to abolish capital punishment in 1867. On 31 May 2010, Portugal became the sixth country in Europe and the eighth country in the world to legally recognize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in Portugal) on the national level. Portugal also received international attention for being the first country in the world to fully decriminalize the usage of all drugs in 2001.