reflections on his mother's experiences as a refugee, and of his own Jewish heritage. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
. Following the partitions of Poland the paintings were left to the college, which set up the Dulwich Picture Gallery under a trusteeship in a building designed by Sir John Soane, which became Britain's first public art gallery. Since 1995 the Gallery has been an independent registered charity. International use The Makaton Core Vocabulary is adapted for use in different countries; signs from each country's Deaf community are used, along with culturally relevant Makaton symbols. For example, in the United Kingdom, Makaton uses signs from British Sign Language (BSL). Makaton is used extensively throughout the UK, but has also been adapted for use in over 40 countries, including Poland, New Zealand, France, Germany, Portugal, Greece, Kuwait and Japan. Other lances Another lance has been preserved at Krakow, Poland, since at least the 13th century. However, German records indicate that it was a copy of the Vienna lance. Emperor Henry II (Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor) had it made with a small sliver of the original lance. Another copy was given to the Hungarian king at the same time. date Feb 23, 2010 The 1988 Polish (Poland) film And the Violins Stopped Playing also has Porajmos as its subject, although this has been criticised for showing the killing of Roma as a method of removing witnesses to the killing of Jews. Ian Hancock & Dileep Karanth, ''Danger! Educated Gypsy'', Univ of Hertfordshire Press, 2010, p.256 The governments of some Nazi German allies, namely Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania, also contributed to the Nazi plan of Romani extermination, but this was implemented on a smaller scale and most Romani in these countries survived, unlike those in Ustaše Croatia or in areas directly ruled by Nazi Germany (such as Poland). The Hungarian Arrow Cross (Arrow Cross Party) government deported between 28,000 and 33,000 Romanies out of a population estimated between 70,000 and 100,000. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
, Hungary, Norway, Finland, and Russia, the natural symbol transformed into the letter H (possibly for ''hart'', German for ''hard''): in German music notation, H is B in Northern Europe (i.e. a B
-numbered years since 1984, although there was no World Championship in 1996, and there was a World Championship in 1997. Asian nations began sending national teams to international events in 1980, and teams from nations in Oceania and North America began competing in the 1990s. Athletes from twenty-six nations attended the 2000 World Championship in Nanjing, China, the first to be held outside of Europe. IARU
, Poland, Yugoslavia, and France. '''Andrzej Szarmach''' (born October 3, 1950 in Gdańsk, Poland) is a former Polish (Poland) football (football (soccer)) player. '''Andrzej Szarmach''' (born October 3, 1950 in Gdańsk, Poland) is a former Polish (Poland) football (football (soccer)) player. * ''Murder, She Said'' – features extensive railway scenes. Based on the novel ''4.50 from Paddington'' by Agatha Christie * ''Night Train (Night Train (1959 film))'' (1959) - Polish (Poland) film by Jerzy Kawalerowicz * ''North by Northwest'' (1959) Alfred Hitchcock thriller starring Cary Grant, Eva Marie Saint and James Mason '''Lestek''' (also '''Leszek''', '''Lestko''') is the second legendary duke of Poland, and son of Siemowit, born ca. 870–880. Though proof of his actual existence is unclear, if he did exist, he must have been an influential person, because the tribes that lived in what is now Poland were known as "Lestkowici". '''Siemomysł''' (died WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
master Chigorin (Mikhail Chigorin). Into the next decade, he continued to perform well in local tournaments, most notably winning the Leningrad Championships (Leningrad City Chess Championship) of 1922, 1924, and 1925 (jointly). At a national level too, he enjoyed an excellent record at the Soviet Championship (USSR Chess Championship); third in 1920, second in 1923, co-champion at Leningrad in 1934 (tied with Ilya Rabinovich at 12 19), and outright champion at Tbilisi in 1937 with 12.5 19. left thumb Levenfish (left) takes on Botvinnik (right) in their 1937 match (Image:Botwinnik-Levenfish 1937.jpg) WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
, the 1931 suppression of the emigre publications coincided with Rasulzade's expulsion from Turkey, and some saw it as the result of caving in to Soviet pressure. In reality, the reason went deep into the complex relationship between Turkey and Azerbaijan. Tensions had been growing toward the end of the decade, and by 1930, they had reached a boiling point. In reply to Turkish criticism that the Musavat was neglecting the cause of Turkic unity, Rasulzade published
. '''''The Great Escape''''' is a 1963 American film about an escape by Allied (Allies of World War II) prisoners of war (prisoner of war) from a German POW camp (Stalag) during World War II, starring Steve McQueen, James Garner, and Richard Attenborough. The film is based on the book of the same name (The Great Escape (book)) by Paul Brickhill, a non-fiction account of the mass escape (Stalag_Luft_III#The_.22Great_Escape.22) from Stalag Luft III in Sagan (now Żagań, Poland), in the province of Lower Silesia, Nazi Germany. Some of the characters are composites of real men. The film was made by the Mirisch Company, released by United Artists, and produced and directed by John Sturges. In the Karnstein Trilogy, based loosely on J. Sheridan Le Fanu's early vampire novella ''Carmilla'', Hammer showed some of the most explicit scenes of lesbianism yet seen in mainstream English language films. Despite otherwise traditional Hammer design and direction, there was also a corresponding increase in scenes of nudity in the films during this era. The ''Karnstein Trilogy'' comprises: * ''The Vampire Lovers'' (1970), featuring Polish (Poland) actress Ingrid Pitt * ''Lust for a Vampire'' (1971) In 2001 a twinning agreement was officially established with the Polish (Poland) district of Racibórz. *Mały Kieżmarski Szczyt (north face), Tatra Mountains, Slovakia about 900 m denivelation (vertical rise) *Giewont (north face), Tatra Mountains, Poland, 852 m above '''Polana Strążyska''' glade (Glade (geography)) *Kazalnica Mięguszowiecka, Tatra Mountains, Poland 576 m above the Czarny Staw pod Rysami *Giewont (north face), Tatra Mountains, Poland, 852 m above '''Polana Strążyska''' glade (Glade (geography)) *Kazalnica Mięguszowiecka, Tatra Mountains, Poland 576 m above the Czarny Staw pod Rysami *The six great north faces of the Alps (Great north faces of the Alps) (Cima Grande di Lavaredo 450 m, Eiger 1,500 m, Grandes Jorasses 1,100 m, Matterhorn 1,350 m, Petit Dru (Aiguille du Dru) 1,000 m, and Piz Badile 850 m) right 150px thumb POW memorial in Hemer (File:Duloh Gedaenkstaette.jpg) The first Polish POWs arrived in October 1939, and had to sleep on the floor as the beds were still not finished. Inadequate equipment remained a problem throughout the whole of the war, both because the material was needed at the front, and also because the camp was permanently overpopulated. At first the inmates were mostly from Poland and France, but after the beginning of the war with the Soviet Union in 1941 Soviet POWs quickly became the majority. Range and habitat The cave bear's range stretched across Europe, from Spain to Eurasia, from Italy and Greece to Belgium, the Netherlands and Great Britain, across a portion of Germany through Poland, then south into Hungary, Romania and parts of Russia, Caucasus and northern Iran. There have been no traces of cave bears living in northern Britain, Scandinavia or the Baltic countries, which were covered in extensive glaciers at the time. The largest numbers of cave bear remains have been found in Austria, Switzerland, southern Germany, northern Italy, northern Spain, Croatia, Hungary, and Romania. The huge number of bones found in south, central and east Europe has led some scientists to think that Europe may have once had literal herds of cave bears. Some however point out that though some caves have thousands of bones, they were accumulated over a period of 100,000 years or more, thus requiring only two deaths in a cave per year to account for the large numbers. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
;ndash; but more difficult &ndash; route, over the Berezina and Drut (Drut River) rivers. The army was moved from its winter camp near Radoszkowice in June 1708; the movement was plagued by poor road conditions and weather. '''Robert Warzycha''' ( ) (born August 20, 1963 in Siemkowice) is a Polish (Poland) former professional association football player. He is currently the head coach of Columbus Crew in Major League Soccer
no formal Jewish education as a child; the family could not afford to join a synagogue and did not live very long in any single place. Listed by population #Usedom (76,500 people, split between Poland and Germany) #Rügen (73,000 people, belonging to Germany) Napoleonic Wars St. Cyr was a stoic in an age of pragmatism and glory. His refusal to sign the proclamation of congratulation for declaring empire was soon met when his name
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'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).
Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.
Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').
Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific