Poland

What is Poland known for?


small vocal

Mandaryna took part in Sopot Festival 2005 (Sopot International Song Festival), performing live her new song "Ev'ry Night". That performance caused wide controversies and Mandaryna was accused of having small vocal talent. However, "Ev'ry Night" became a massive hit in Poland. It was included on her second album, ''Mandarynkowy sen''. The record also contained a cover of Bon Jovi's "You Give Love a Bad Name (You Give Love a Bad Name (song))" and had


member education

the birth name of Maria Skłodowska-Curie (Marie Curie), the Polish (Poland)-born French (France) scientist. '''Tarnowski''' (plural: '''Tarnowscy''') is the surname of a Polish (Poland) szlachta (nobility) family. Because Polish adjectives have different forms for the genders, '''Tarnowska''' is the form for a female family member. Education and early life Born in Niederkappel, Upper Austria, Kirschläger was orphaned at the age of 11. He graduated from High School


abilities including

and Kleppers brought to northern Russia by Novgorod colonists from the 14th century may have affected its conformation, as may later imports of Estonian horses for mining work in the Ural Mountains. The Vyatka horse became known for draft abilities including endurance, speed and frugality. By the early 19th century, it was often used for pulling troikas, and some were exported from the Vyatka region, including to Poland. The breed has


metal stage

metal band would sound like. In a 2003 interview Homme described the sound of the band as a combination of "bluegrass slide guitar mixed with stripper drum beats and Canned Heat vocals." Jesse Hughes


special religious

, like to use buckets and have no mercy on passers-by. (Drivers - this means keep your windows wound up or you're likely to get soaked.) Despite its light-hearted nature, it is indeed a public holiday. * '''Labour Day''' (''Święto Pracy'') - '''1 May''' is of absolutely lay nature and not of special religious or national significance, but a public holiday as well.Politically inspired parades and rallies are often organized, especially in larger cities, and it is best to avoid them as opposing


beautiful world

to Paris, where he would perform before the Russian émigré clientele at Montmartre cabarets for nine years. Released in 1989 and produced by Hilton Rosenthal and Bobby Summerfield, it is today recognized as probably the band's greatest album, containing hits such "Dela" and "Cruel, Crazy Beautiful World". The title track is addressed and dedicated to Clegg's son Jesse (Jesse Clegg), born in 1988, who is depicted on Clegg's shoulders on the album cover. The song "One (Hu)'Man One Vote" was written in honor of David Webster (David Webster (anthropologist)), a friend of Johnny Clegg and anti-apartheid activist who had been assassinated three weeks earlier. The lyrics of "Warsaw 1943" were inspired from the works of Polish (Poland) author Czesław Miłosz. Early years Golonka was born in Chicago in 1936 of Polish (Poland) descent. She began her acting career in her early teens and went professional in a summer-stock (Summer stock) troupe. After studying at the prestigious Goodman Theatre in her native Chicago, she made her way to New York City, where she studied with Lee Strasberg, Sanford Meisner and Uta Hagen. '''Kudowa-Zdrój''' WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


opera stage

there has been allotted to the hymn, according to the occasion, a definite tradition of tunes, all of which are antiphonal between chazzan and congregation. The most familiar of these tunes is the Friday evening "Yigdal". It is utilized also in Germany and in some parts of Poland and Bohemia as a festival "Yigdal". The melody may date from the 17th century or perhaps earlier. The tune was also used by the hazzan Myer Lyon (who also sang on the London opera stage


game drawing

in the interbellum period; its football team was never relegated from the elite Polish Football League (Ekstraklasa). The club ceased to exist in September 1939, following German and Soviet aggression on Poland (Polish September Campaign). On July 2, 1939, Pogoń played last pre-war official home game, drawing 1-1 with AKS Chorzów. The last pre-war game of the Pogoń's football team took place in Warsaw on August 20, 1939. Lwów's side lost 1-2 to Polonia Warszawa, scorer of the last goal


national interpretations

in the Catholic Church Marian paintings for Catholics, Mary was often painted as a Madonna with crown, surrounded by stars, standing on top of the world or the partly visible moon. After the victory against the Turks at Lepanto, Mary is depicted as the Queen of Victory, sometimes wearing the crown of the Habsburg empire. Marienlexikon 595 National interpretations existed in France as well, where Jean Fouquet painted the Queen of Heaven in 1450 with the face of the mistress of King Charles VII (Charles VII of France) Statues and pictures of Mary were crowned by kings in Poland, France, Bavaria, Hungary and Austria, sometimes apparently using crowns previously worn by earthly monarchs. A surviving small crown presented by Margaret of York seems to have been that worn by her at her wedding to Charles the Bold in 1463. A recent coronation was that of the picture of the Salus Populi Romani in 1954 by Pius XII. The veneration of Mary as queen continues into the 21st Century, but artistic expressions do not have the leading role as in previous times The first of these is a memorial to the murder of 20 children from the Auschwitz concentration camp who had been taken to the main camp at Neuengamme and abused for medical experiments. On April 20, 1945, only weeks before the war was over, they were killed at the Bullenhuser Damm school in Hamburg to cover up that crime. The second is an outpost of Neuengamme concentration camp in Hamburg-Sasel where Jewish women from the Łódź Ghetto in Poland were forced to do construction work. The third one is located inside the gatehouse of the Fuhlsbüttel penitentiary. Parts of this complex served as concentration camp for communists, opponents of the regime and many other groups. About 450 inmates were murdered here during the Nazi reign. It is a popular pastime in Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Russia, Germany WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


military+conservative

Simon In 1937 Kulik became head of the Red Army's Main Artillery Directorate, and remained commander of the Soviet artillery forces until 1941. He was both a sycophantic Stalinist and a radical military conservative, strongly opposed to the reforms proposed by Mikhail Tukhachevsky during the 1930s. For this reason he survived Stalin's Great Purge of the Red Army in 1937-38, and in 1939 he became Deputy People's Commissar of Defense, also taking part in the Soviet occupation of Eastern

Poland

PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------

'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).

Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.

Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').

Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific

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