, Belarus and Ukraine. In Ukraine it is known as the lira (lira (instrument)) or relia. It was and still is played by professional, often blind, itinerant musicians known as lirnyky. Their repertoire is primarily para-religious in theme, most of which can trace its origins to works composed in the Baroque period. In Eastern Ukraine the repertoire includes unique historic epics known as ''dumy (Duma (epic))'' and folk dances. File:Havel-Blankenfoerde-11-IV-2007-247.jpg
of the specific monarch placed centrally on top. Research continues to find out what a "heart-shaped" shield is. Most likely, the coat of Poland was placed on the left-right diagonal (I & IV)and Lithuania on the right-left diagonal (II & III) as evidenced in the shield at the top of this page. The specific monarch crest then being placed in the "heart" position. Towards the end of the destroyer's sojourn in San Diego's "red lead row", Germany
with President Emil Hácha to Berlin, hoping that further concessions would preserve the independence of Czech lands. Instead, Hitler forced them - in violation of Munich Agreement - to sign an agreement for the annexation of the country on March 15, 1939. Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. '''''Sorbus torminalis''''' (syn. ''Torminalis clusii'', '''Wild Service Tree'''), sometimes known as the '''Chequer(s) Tree''' or '''Checker(s) Tree''', is a species of '' Sorbus
Blabbermouth.net url http: www.roadrunnerrecords.com blabbermouth.net news.aspx?mode Article&newsitemID 95159 accessdate 2008-05-12 On August 13, it was announced that the album would also feature guest performances by Joe Rico of the band Sacrifice, with whom Believer toured in the early 1990s, and Rocky Gray of Living Sacrifice. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
master Chigorin (Mikhail Chigorin). Into the next decade, he continued to perform well in local tournaments, most notably winning the Leningrad Championships (Leningrad City Chess Championship) of 1922, 1924, and 1925 (jointly). At a national level too, he enjoyed an excellent record at the Soviet Championship (USSR Chess Championship); third in 1920, second in 1923, co-champion at Leningrad in 1934 (tied with Ilya Rabinovich at 12 19), and outright champion at Tbilisi in 1937 with 12.5 19. left thumb Levenfish (left) takes on Botvinnik (right) in their 1937 match (Image:Botwinnik-Levenfish 1937.jpg) WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
. During the interwar period the nations of Western Europe implemented a '''border states policy''' which aimed at uniting these nations in defense against the Soviet Union and communist (communism) expansionism. The border states were Finland
influence among its primary audience of the elderly rural poor. Polish Cardinal condemns priest accused of anti-Semitism on radio, ''Voice of America'', September 5, 2007 thumb right The Radio Maryja headquarters are housed in a modern building amid gardens on the outskirts of Toruń (Image:Radio-Maryja.jpg). '''Radio Maryja''' is a Poland
Antisemitic_Polish_Radio.htm Polish Cardinal condemns priest accused of anti-Semitism on radio , ''Voice of America'', September 5, 2007 - Poland TVN7 , Saturday mornings - 1990s Again implementing his direct action approach, Kühnen led a group of white power skinheads to Frankfurt an der Oder (Frankfurt (Oder)) on April 8, 1991, to protest the opening of the Polish (Poland) border. Despite police presence, Kühnen led the group in throwing stones
brothers and both grandfathers were also Lutheran ministers. Hinchliffe 2003, p. xvi. The '''Zegrze Reservoir''' (or '''Zegrze Lake''', in Polish (Polish language) officially ''Jezioro Zegrzyńskie'', unofficially ''Zalew Zegrzyński'') is a man-made reservoir (Reservoir (water)) in Poland, located just north of Warsaw, on the lower course of the Narew river. It is formed by a dam constructed in 1963 with a hydroelectric complex producing 20 Megawatts
at Serie A after matches for the upcoming season were scheduled at 12:30pm on Sundays to appease pay-per-view companies wishing to spread out Serie A matches over the weekend. The Vatican previously questioned the league's decision to play matches on Sundays at all, but "I consider this a truly harmful development," Monsignor Carlo Mazza told Tuttosport. "Putting people in front of the television screen at 12.30 CET (Central European Time) , when they are having lunch
;ref The accident resulted in ten deaths.
PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------
'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).
Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.
Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').
Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific