Poland

What is Poland known for?


plays lead

, frontman and manager of the band Behemoth, which he started when he was still a teenager. He also plays lead, rhythm and acoustic guitar (Steel-string acoustic guitar). For a brief time he used the alias Holocausto, WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


wild antics

in the reality show (Reality television) ''The Bar (The Bar (TV series))'', where she earned great notoriety for her vulgar vocabulary and wild antics. Photography She produced the ''Ana Arce Team Sponsorship Calendar 2006'' featuring nude or semi-nude photographs of women curlers from a variety of countries including Denmark, Italy, Spain, England, Poland, Germany and Canada. The curlers included Daniela Jentsch, Melanie Robillard, Lynsay Ryan, Kasia


design+innovations

construction of the SL1. The SL2 was also the most significant airship to date in that it laid down two vital design innovations that were copied in almost all subsequent rigid airships. The first was the cruciform tail plane, with a single pair of rudders and elevators. The second was the location of the engines in separate streamlined gondolas or cars. A third innovation, for war service, was the mounting of heavy machine guns for defense against attacking aircraft in each of the engine cars. SL2


artistic education

accessible institutions which could have allowed for exchange among artists. As a consequence of the November Uprising, Poland faced repressions making higher artistic education virtually impossible. The last major exhibition took place in 1845. After protests by artists during the 1850s, the ''Wystawa Krajowa Sztuk Pięknych'' (English: ''National Exhibition of Fine Arts'') was eventually approved in 1858 and lead to negotiations with the Russian rulers who in the end permitted


design education

+Rosocha&hl en&ei oqgXTZC_J4z2tgPJqYzpAQ&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 9&ved 0CEUQ6AEwCA accessdate 26 December 2010 author Musée national des sciences et de la technologie quote A theatre poster for Shakespeare's Hamlet, designed in 1983 by Wieslaw Rosocha and reproduced in the Lexicon, is not simply a promotion of the event but an art form in itself. Wiesław Wałkuski was born in 1956 in Białystok, Poland. He started his graphic design

education at the Warsaw Academy of Art which he attended for 5 years, during the period 1976-1981. He studied under several design lecturers including Maciej Urbaniec who lectured in poster design and Teresa Pągowska who lectured in painting. At the end of his studies he was employed by Polfilm and Film Polski to produce artwork and cover designs. During this period he also worked with visual studio publishers and numerous theatre groups producing artwork for productions. In 1987 he commenced his career as a freelance graphic designer. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


scientific discovery

The historic context for Article 116 was the eviction, following World War II, of an estimated 9 million ethnic Germans from other countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Another 9 million Germans from former eastern German provinces (historical eastern Germany), over which Joseph Stalin and eastern neighbour states extended military hegemony in 1945, were expelled (expulsion of Germans after World War II) as well. These expellees and refugees (known as ''Heimatvertriebene'') were given refugee status and documents and resettled by Germany. Discussion of possible compensation (Federation of Expellees) is ongoing, however, this has been countered by possible claims for war compensation from Germany's Eastern neighbours, pertaining to both Germany's unconditional surrender and the series of population transfers formed under the instruments of Potsdam (Potsdam Conference). Some German expellees desire to resettle in their territories of birth, youth and early life, but legal procedures often make remigration difficult, even after Poland and the Czech Republic joined the European Union. 200px thumb left Spanish General Joaquín Blake y Joyes (File:Joaquin Blake.jpg) The fortifications were so impressive that, after an attack by a small force at Sobral (Sobral de Monte Agraço) on 14 October, a stalemate ensued. As Charles Oman wrote, "On that misty 14 October th morning, at Sobral, the Napoleonic tide attained its highest watermark, then it ebbed." The frontal zones of the lines having been subjected to a scorched earth policy, the French were eventually forced to withdraw due to sickness and lack of food and supplies. The British suffered a setback just the next day in the Battle of Fuengirola. On 15 October, a much smaller Polish (Poland) garrison held off British troops under Lord Blayney (Andrew Blayney, 11th Baron Blayney), who was subsequently taken captive and held by the French until 1814. Amazingly the French intelligence never knew that the fortifications were being built, only when their scouts reached the walls did they know. It’s also rumoured that even the British government never knew about it as well because all the funds that were used to build it was paid for by the Portuguese government and captured French equipment and supplies. In the summer of 1452, when Rumeli Hisari was completed and the threat had become imminent, Constantine wrote to the Pope, promising to implement the Union, which was declared valid by a half-hearted imperial court on Tuesday 12 December 1452. Although he was eager for an advantage, Pope Nicholas V did not have the influence the Byzantines thought he had over the Western Kings and Princes, some of whom were wary of increasing Papal control


open+family

dictated to his friend Rose Klyne from his home in Montreal, and Klyne and Drage then organized as best they could, after which Drage gave it a narrative thread. Cohen’s sister, Leah Cooper, with whom Cohen lived in England following his return from Canada in the 1950s, though stated following his death in 1970 that it was an open family secret that Morris Cohen was actually born in Poland and came over as a young child. He was also born in 1887 and not 1889. This 1887 date has been confirmed by numerous other Cohen relatives. Cohen's own death certificate lists his date of birth as August 1887, and his tombstone reads: "In Loving Memory of General Morris Abraham Cohen who died 7th September 1970 aged 83 years old," which means he was born in 1887. The 1889 date was used when Cohen was arrested as a youngster in London for picking pockets. By claiming a younger age it ensured that Morris could go to an industrial school where he could learn a trade. As a result he would not be given a more severe punishment and place of incarceration. It probably also saved Morris from a life of crime and enabled him to go on and have the amazing life that he had. Cohen, though, quite regularly gave the earlier August 1887 date as the time of his birth. For instance, when he is admitted to jail in Winnipeg in April 1909, he is listed as 21, which works out for an August 1887 birth. When he is interviewed by the Shanghai Police in March 1929, he gives his birthdate as August 3, 1887. Similarly, records at the Public Record Office at Kew in England, memorandums from the Canadian Under-Secretary of State for External Affairs as well as files from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police state that he was born in 1887. '''Guben''' is a town on the Lusatian Neisse river in the state (States of Germany) of Brandenburg, Germany. Located in the Spree-Neiße district (Districts of Germany), Guben has a population of 20,049. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


years played

; ref The city's Polish Downtown (Polish Downtown (Chicago)), where he lived for years, played a significant part in his literary output. Polish bars that Algren frequented in his gambling, such as the Bit of Poland on Milwaukee Avenue (Milwaukee Avenue (Chicago)), figured in such writings as ''Never Come Morning'' and ''The Man With the Golden Arm''. From February 1939, representatives of Germany - planning to occupy the Czech part and basically


academic+television

for Madison High on the ''It's Academic'' television quiz show. Sam Roberts, The New York Times, For Schumer, a Chance to Relive a 1960s Quiz Show, March 5, 2007. Retrieved March 6, 2007. * Radom in Poland ''


previous design

, and surrendered to the British at the end of the war in 1945. The '''MAG-95''' is a Polish (Poland) 9 mm semi-automatic pistol. Originally designed by Marian Gryszkiewicz, it was manufactured at the Łucznik Arms Factory (''Fabryka Broni Łucznik'') in Radom. An improved model was '''MAG-98''', and currently is '''MAG-08'''. With the MAG-95 pistol the designers abandoned their previous design practices based on the use of the 9x18mm Makarov cartridge and instead utilized

Poland

PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------

'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).

Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.

Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').

Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific

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