;br Hanna Suchocka Tadeusz Mazowiecki Wiesław Chrzanowski president of the Republic first lady former president of the Republic former first lady prime minister marshal of the Sejm marshal of the Senate (Senate of Poland) ambassador to the Holy See former prime minister former marshal of the Sejm - valign "top" Products are manufactured
was in Poland, painting for the Danish monarch a portrait of King Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki, and in the following year was in Denmark executing a remarkable series of portraits of the children of Frederick III of Denmark. All these, with some beautiful enamel badges for the Order of the Elephant, are held in the Danish royal collection. '''Andrzej Mokronowski''' (1713–1784) was a notable member of the Polish (Poland) szlachta, a politician
thumb 250px Military painting '''Sokół''' (Polish: ''Falcon'') was a brand of motorcycles manufactured in Poland before World War II for both civilian and military use. Initially designed and produced by the Centralne Warsztaty Samochodowe CWS company ''(Central Automotive Workshops)'', they were continued after its takeover by the PZInż between 1934 and 1939. On September 1, Monrose contested in the Sopot International Song Festival Sopot Song Festival 2007
War II prison camps (internment) in Czechoslovakia and Germany as a teenager. After graduating from Emory University in 1950, Mincer received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1957. '''Nasz KS''' is the supporting association of soccer (Football (soccer)) department of the Polish (Poland) sports club Wisłoka Dębica. Founded in November 2004, its aim is to promote and help soccer teams of Wisłoka. Its members voluntarily deposit some money every month
, on the Baltic Sea, via the A1 (A1 highway (Lithuania)) motorway and Daugavpils (Latvia), via E262 (European route E262)(A6 (A6 highway (Lithuania))) highway. thumb Kaunas Railway Tunnel (File:Rekonstruotas Kauno tunelis.jpg) Kaunas is an important railway hub in Lithuania. First railway connection passing through Kaunas was constructed in 1859-1861 and opened in 1862.
in Podgórze (also a part of Kraków now)- was a Polish (Poland) painter (Painting) renowned for his landscapes (Landscape art), portraits and genre (Genre works) depictions of contemporary rustic scenes. '''Henryk Siemiradzki''' (full name in ; 15 November 1843 – 23 August 1902) was a Polish (Poland) 19th century painter active in the period of foreign Partitions of Poland, and best remembered for his monumental Academic art. He
. Two main ingredients were meat (both game (game (food)) and beef) and cereal. The latter consisted initially of proso millet, but later in the Middle Ages other types of cereal became widely used. Most commoners did not use bread and instead consumed cereals in the forms of kasza or various types of flatbread, some of which (for instance kołacz) are considered traditional recipes even in the 21st century. Apart from cereals, a large portion of the daily diet of mediaeval Poles consisted of beans, mostly broad beans (Vicia faba) and peas. As the territory of Poland was densely forested, usage of mushrooms, forest berries, nuts and wild honey was also widespread. The daily beverages included milk, whey, buttermilk and various herb infusions. The most popular alcoholic beverages were beer and mead; however in the 16th century upper classes began to import Hungarian (Hungary) and Silesian wines. Mead was so widespread that in the 13th century Prince Leszek I the White explained to the Pope that Polish knights could not participate in a crusade as there was no mead in the Holy Land. History of Mead, a favored drink among the Polish-Lithuanian szlachta. Retrieved June 6, 2011. Also, vodka became popular, possibly among the lower classes first. There is written evidence suggesting that vodka originated in Poland. The word "vodka" was recorded for the first time ever in 1405 in ''Akta Grodzkie'', WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
1977) is a Polish (Polish people) singer. Her career started with the band Erato. Next, she was a member of Ich Troje, which represented Poland in the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 in Riga with the 7th place song "Keine Grenzen - Żadnych Granic".
Greektown neighborhood in the early 20th century and the southern U.S. migrants who came to Detroit in the years before the Great Depression. Detroit's industrial boom in the later 19th century created yet another stream of immigrants into Detroit. Significant contingents during this period included German (Germany) and Polish (Poland) immigrants who settled in Detroit in the 1860-1890s. A wave of Italian (Italy) immigrants arrived in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ref
;a hippie, not a housewife". The couple returned to Los Angeles and quickly became part of a social group that included some of the most successful young people in the film industry, including Steve McQueen (Steve McQueen (actor)), Warren Beatty, Mia Farrow, Peter Sellers, Jacqueline Bisset, Leslie Caron, Joan Collins, Joanna Pettet, Laurence Harvey, Peter Fonda and Jane Fonda, older film stars like Henry Fonda, Kirk Douglas, Yul Brynner and Danny Kaye, musicians such as Jim Morrison and the Mamas & the Papas, and record producer Terry Melcher and his girlfriend Candice Bergen. Jay Sebring remained one of the couple's most frequent companions. Polanski's circle of friends included people he had known since his youth in Poland such as Wojciech Frykowski and Frykowski's girlfriend, coffee heiress Abigail Folger. The couple moved into the Chateau Marmont Hotel in West Hollywood for a few months WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------
'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).
Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.
Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').
Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific