WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
history there were dual hardcover and paperback awards in most categories, and multiple fiction categories, especially in 1980 (List of winners of the National Book Award#Miscellaneous 1980 to 1985). Most of the paperback award-winners were reprints, including the 1980 general Fiction. and was a nationwide bestseller. A 1982 film version (Sophie's Choice (film)) was nominated for five Academy Awards, with Meryl Streep winning the Academy Award for Best Actress
of Poland in 1772-1795. It was a part of Greater Poland province. thumb 200px ''The Certificate'' book cover (Image:certificate book.jpg) '''''The Certificate''''' is a novel by Isaac Bashevis Singer, published in English (English language) in 1992 (published in Yiddish in 1967). David, a poor, young Yiddish writer wishes to emigrate to Palestine from Poland, and because married couples are given preference, he tries to arrange for a marriage certificate to be purchased
name hippocrene He worked at Doubleday (Doubleday (publisher)), Macmillan (Macmillan Publishers (United States)), and ''Reader's Digest'' before starting his own publishing company with Hippocrene’s first list in spring 1972, featuring European literary classics in translation, including ''The Doll (The Doll (novel))'' by Polish (Poland) novelist Bolesław Prus. History Hippocrene was started by George Blagowidow, ref name hippocrene>
worked at Doubleday (Doubleday (publisher)), Macmillan (Macmillan Publishers (United States)), and ''Reader's Digest'' before starting his own publishing company with Hippocrene’s first list in spring 1972, featuring European literary classics in translation, including ''The Doll (The Doll (novel))'' by Polish (Poland) novelist Bolesław Prus. '''Rudolf Prich''' (August 6, 1881 — 1940)
into what are today parts of Hungary, Poland, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Ukraine and Germany. ref name "stefanovicova
: jewishmusicreport.com 2009 03 01 the-sheichet-interviews-yisroel-werdyger title The Sheichet Interviews Yisroel Werdyger date 1 March 2009 accessdate 21 April 2011 publisher Jewish Music Report A Holocaust (The Holocaust) survivor who was incarcerated in several Nazi concentration camps, including the factory run by Oskar Schindler, Werdyger moved to Brooklyn, New York after World War II and began recording albums featuring the music of the Bobov (Bobov (Hasidic dynasty)), Boyan (Boyan (Hasidic dynasty)), Skulen (Skulen (Hasidic dynasty)), Melitz (Melitz (Hasidic dynasty)), Radomsk (Radomsk (Hasidic dynasty)), and Ger (Ger (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasidic dynasties, WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland
-Bassaraba, a son of Wallachian Prince (List of rulers of Wallachia) Gheorghe Bibesco (Gheorghe Bibescu) and Zoe Mavrocordato-Bassaraba de Brancovan. Her Greek (Greeks) mother was the former Ralouka (Rachel) Mussurus, a well known musician, to whom the Polish (Poland) composer Ignacy Paderewski dedicated several of his compositions. '''Howard Kester''' was an American (USA) preacher, organizer, and activist, most known for his work organizing
, English, and Italian but did not receive the same magnitude of the critical acclaim granted them by their Russian audiences. The Strugatsky brothers, however, were and still are popular in many countries, including Poland, Hungary, former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Germany, where most of their works were available in both East and West Germany. *"The Sixteen" is an English choir performing early religious music. *Sixteen (Sixteen (band)) is a Polish band
term to include all of Eastern Europe as well, then the BRIC story becomes more compelling. At issue are the multiple serious problems which confront Russia (potentially unstable government, environmental degradation, critical lack of modern infrastructure, etc. ), and the comparatively much lower growth rate seen in Brazil. However, Brazil's lower growth rate obscures the fact that the country is wealthier than China or India on a per-capita basis, has a more
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'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).
Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.
Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').
Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific