315 mi km 0 west of Richmond, Virginia, southeast of Cincinnati, Ohio (Cincinnati). During the 1930s, Welk led a traveling big band that specialized in dance tunes and "sweet" music
''See the Districts (Pittsburgh#Districts) articles for more listings.'' Museums Pittsburgh is home to many wonderful museums, including some truly world-class institutions. The '''Carnegie Museums''' in Oakland (Pittsburgh Oakland) are absolutely spectacular; enclosed in one massive building is the '''Carnegie Museum of Natural History''', with extensive exhibits on paleontology, geology, and biology, and the '''Carnegie Museum of Art''', with classical and contemporary works by many fine artists. Nearby is the '''Frick Art and Historical Center''', which is the home of steel magnate Henry Clay Frick's mansion, now open for tours. In the Strip District (Pittsburgh East End-North) is the '''Senator John Heinz History Center''', an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution and the largest history museum in Pennsylvania, with six floors of permanent and changing exhibitions on the history Western Pennsylvania. The '''Toonseum''' in Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown) is one of only three museums in the country exclusively dedicated to the cartoon arts. North Side (Pittsburgh North Side) is home to quite a few museums. The '''Andy Warhol Museum''' is one of the most comprehensive single-artist museums in the world, with exhibits of the artist's life and work, recreations of portions of "The Factory", screening of films, and educational programs about the Pittsburgh-born artist as well as other contemporary and pop artists. The '''Carnegie Science Center''', a major science museum which is another of the Carnegie Museums, and the '''Children's Museum of Pittsburgh''' are both very popular with kids. The '''Mattress Factory''' is contemporary art on the installation-scale, with several notable James Turrell works in their permanent collection. The '''National Aviary''' allows you to get up close with plenty of exotic birds. Architecture Pittsburgh has more than its fair share of incredible architecture in many different styles, largely thanks to the wealth of its earlier industrialists and diverse influences of its many immigrants. Following the decline of the steel industry, the city has prioritized historic preservation and sustainable building as the city modernizes. Architecture buffs will find something interesting in every corner of the city, but there are some highlights: Naturally, Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown) gets the lion's share of attention here. Walking some of the narrow downtown streets gives a very notable urban canyon effect, unusual for a midsized city. Pittsburgh has an impressive skyline for a city of its size, with the '''U.S. Steel Tower''' being the tallest building in the city. However, it's Phillip Johnson's shimmering '''PPG Place''' that captures much of the attention, with its glass pinnacles that make the building resemble a castle right out of a fairy tale. Beneath these towering structures are numerous historic buildings from the early 20th century, built by the biggest names in industry at the time. H.H. Richardson's '''Allegheny County Courthouse and Jail''' are gorgeous stone structures that still serves as a government building, while just across the street the '''Frick Building''' and the '''Union Trust Building''' are prime examples of commercial architecture from the time. Recent years have brought buildings like the '''David L Lawrence Convention Center''', an impressive modern structure along the Allegheny River. thumb right 300px Heinz Chapel at the Pittsburgh East End-South#Pitt Campus University of Pittsburgh (Image:HeinzChapelSouth.jpg) Heading east through Oakland (Pittsburgh Oakland), stately Victorians and large parks replace the bustle and height of downtown. This was, after all, where some of the wealthiest men of the early 20th century lived and played. Among them was '''Henry Clay Frick''', whose house in Point Breeze is open for tours near the massive park that also bears his name. Within Oakland proper are the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University, and both campuses contain even more stunning architecture. Dominating the Oakland landscape is the '''Cathedral of Learning''', the 42-story centerpiece of the University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh East End-South#Pitt Campus) campus and the second-tallest academic building in the world (the tallest is in Russia). The Cathedral is a magnificent example of Gothic Revival architecture and is also home to the '''Nationality Rooms''', a series of rooms decorated in the themes of the various cultures that played a role in the city's development. Next door to the Cathedral is the much shorter (but still impressive) '''Heinz Chapel''', which sports magnificent stained glass windows. If you want to get closer to the industrial past of the city, both South Side (Pittsburgh South Side) and the area around the Strip District (Pittsburgh East End-North) are home to numerous industrial buildings and old warehouses, most of them now converted into lofts, shops, restaurants, and other uses. While many of Pittsburgh's neighborhoods may not have many stately and notable buildings (besides many churches), their urban design - how they were laid out and built, often with narrow, winding streets - can feel more like Europe than the US, and provide a great opportunity for exploring. It is sometimes easy to get lost, but with surprises around every corner, that can be half the fun. Most neighborhoods (especially those of greatest interest listed above) are very walkable and safe, and this activity is of course 100% free. Some of the most interesting neighborhoods for exploring are the South Side, Lawrenceville, Bloomfield, and the North Side. Parks and outdoors thumb right 300px Frick Park (Image:Pittsburgh frick park trail.jpg) For a city previously defined by industry, Pittsburgh has an impressive quantity of good parks to enjoy. Pittsburgh's four large city parks are excellent places to bike, jog, walk, or play. East End-South (Pittsburgh East End-South) has many of the city's finer park spaces. Next door to Oakland is '''Schenley Park''', a 456-acre park which is a haven for exercisers, sunbathers, and anyone who appreciates beautiful green space. Schenley Plaza, next to the Cathedral of Learning and Carnegie Museums, features snack stands, a carousel, and sometimes festivals. Nearby is '''Phipps Conservatory''', which boasts stunning indoor and outdoor gardens with beautiful floral displays. On the eastern limits of the city is '''Frick Park''', the largest of Pittsburgh's parks and the perfect escape from the city, with its naturalistic setting and beautiful woodlands. In East End-North (Pittsburgh East End-North) is '''Highland Park''', a large park with some beautiful gardens and a couple of lovely lakes situated among the hills of the area. Within Highland Park is the '''Pittsburgh Zoo and PPG Aquarium''', a large zoo aquarium complex with animals from all over the world. '''Point State Park''' in Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown) has a large fountain which marks the spot where the three rivers of Pittsburgh meet. In addition to being a favorite spot for office workers to take breaks, many festivals and special events are held in this park. Finally, the North Side (Pittsburgh North Side) is home to '''Riverview Park''' and the '''Allegheny Observatory'''. Do ''See the Districts (Pittsburgh#Districts) articles for more listings.'' * If you can only do one thing in Pittsburgh, take one of the '''inclines''' to the top of '''Mount Washington''' near South Side (Pittsburgh South Side) to take in the view of the beautiful skyline. The '''Monongahela''' and '''Duquesne Inclines''' rise nearly 400 feet over the city from stations near Station Square. The views from Mount Washington are magnificent, but they are only the most popular - there are numerous other spots to take in views of the city, many that are more off the beaten path. * Several different '''tour''' companies are based out of Station Square in South Side (Pittsburgh South Side), and many of them give river tours - indeed, one of the best ways to see Pittsburgh is from the three rivers themselves, taking in views of the downtown skyline, the hillsides, the bridges, and the stadiums. Sports thumb 300px PNC Park (Image:Pnc park pittsburgh2.jpg) With tons of die-hard fans, three major league sports teams, and a long history of sports dedication, Pittsburgh is truly a great sports town. Few things define Pittsburgh like the '''Pittsburgh Steelers''' NFL team, who go down in history as one of the greatest NFL franchises of all time and have one of the largest fan bases in all of American football. The Steelers play all their home games at Heinz Field in the North Side (Pittsburgh North Side). Also in the North Side is PNC Park, home of the '''Pittsburgh Pirates''' MLB (Baseball in the United States) team. While the Pirates have had a hard go of it in the last two decades, they've recently found new energy and manage to keep a loyal fan base, with a ballpark that is considered one of the most beautiful in the major leagues. Pittsburgh is also home to the '''Pittsburgh Penguins''' NHL team, who play Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown) at the newly constructed Consol Energy Center. College sports are also very big in Pittsburgh. The '''Pittsburgh Panthers''' of the University of Pittsburgh (Pitt) are very popular in the region, with teams in a variety of sports. The men's and women's basketball teams have been very competitive lately, with the men's frequently ranking in the top 15 in the NCAA basketball playoffs. Both basketball teams play at the Petersen Events Center on the Pitt campus in Oakland (Pittsburgh East End-South). The Panthers football team is also quite popular; they share Heinz Field with the Steelers. Also in Pittsburgh are the '''Duquesne Dukes''' of Duquesne University near Downtown, whose basketball and football teams remain popular, and the '''Carnegie Mellon Tartans''' of Carnegie Mellon University in Oakland. The '''Robert Morris Colonials''' of Robert Morris University are in the northwest suburb of Moon Township. Arts and music Pittsburgh has a lively '''music scene''', particularly indie and punk rock. Pick up a copy of the free Pittsburgh CityPaper for concert listings. The '''Cultural District''' located Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown) is home to several theaters and institutions like the Pittsburgh Ballet Theater, the Pittsburgh Opera, and the acclaimed Pittsburgh Symphony. However, Pittsburgh is also home to a number of smaller theaters and companies such as the '''Quantum Theater''' in East Liberty, the '''Attack Theater''' in the Strip District, and the '''Pittsburgh Playhouse''' and the '''University of Pittsburgh Repertory Theatre''' in Oakland. Pittsburgh also has a lot of visual art to take in. In addition to the museums and art festivals, Downtown's Cultural District is home to a number of art galleries. East Liberty is home to the '''Pittsburgh Glass Center''', a nonprofit glass studio and gallery that holds one of the top glass art facilities in the country. Festivals Pittsburgh holds a variety of popular arts and cultural festivals in the summertime. These range from huge, city-wide events to local neighborhood festivals, parades, studio tours, and food tastings. In addition, there are many ethnic festivals highlighting the local Greek, Italian, Irish, Scottish, German, Bulgarian and Russian communities. The events calendar of the free Pittsburgh City Paper is an excellent resource. The biggest events in Pittsburgh are the '''Three Rivers Arts Festival''' and the '''Three Rivers Regatta''', both held in Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown). The Arts Festival takes place in early June and offers a mix of art and music, with free outdoor concerts and a large artist market. The Regatta is held on Fourth of July weekend and is incredibly active, with food, concerts, stunt shows, and boat races, all culminating with a huge fireworks show. Other popular events include the '''Pittsburgh Vintage Grand Prix''', held in July and including a vintage car show along Walnut Street in Shadyside (Pittsburgh East End-South) and a race through Schenley Park, and '''Little Italy Days''', held in September and a full-on celebration of Bloomfield's (Pittsburgh East End-North) Italian heritage. Outdoor activities The city and region offers some excellent recreational opportunities in its parks and rivers. Each of the city's four large parks (Pittsburgh#Parks_and_outdoors) - Frick, Schenley, Highland and Riverview - are excellent places to hike, jog or ride a bicycle. The city parks department also operates several swimming pools (including the unusual, industrial-era Oliver Bath House on the South Side), an outdoor ice-skating rink in Schenley Park, tennis courts, bocce courts, miles of biking and hiking trails, and a public golf course. Additionally, Pittsburgh has an extensive trail system along the rivers. While portions of it are still in development, there are some long, uninterrupted stretches of trail excellent for hiking or biking, namely on the North Shore (Pittsburgh North Side), the South Side (Pittsburgh South Side) and along the Allegheny River in Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown). Boating is also very popular along the river, and there are plenty of places to launch a motorboat or a canoe. For those who don't already have a boat, '''Kayak Pittsburgh''' on the North Shore next to PNC Park rents kayaks and offers lessons. Learn thumb 300px The Pittsburgh East End-South#Pitt Campus University of Pittsburgh's (Image:CathedralFromSS.jpg) Cathedral of Learning includes a unique collection of 27 working "Nationality" classrooms which are available to tour. The City of Pittsburgh is home to many colleges, universities and research facilities, the most well known of which are '''Carnegie Mellon University''' (CMU), '''Duquesne University''', and the '''University of Pittsburgh''' (Pitt). Also located in the city are Carlow University, Chatham University, Point Park University, The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, and a branch campus of the suburban Robert Morris University as well as the Community College of Allegheny County and the Pittsburgh Institute of Mortuary Science. Oakland is the hub of college activity, home to CMU, Pitt, Carlow, and Chatham Universities. The greater Pittsburgh region boasts even more colleges and universities. The city also has an extensive library system, both public and university. Most notable are the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and the University of Pittsburgh's University Library System, which rank 9th largest (public) and 18th largest (academic) in the nation, respectively. Buy ''See the Districts (Pittsburgh#Districts) articles for more listings.'' Pittsburgh's most popular shopping districts include: * The '''South Side (Pittsburgh South Side)''', which has many hip shops along a mile-long stretch of E Carson Street, along with two shopping centers - '''Station Square''' at Smithfield and Carson Streets and the '''South Side Works''' at the opposite end, at E Carson and 28th Streets. * '''Shadyside''', near Oakland in East End-South (Pittsburgh East End-South), is concentrated along Walnut and Bellefonte Streets, and is one of the main upmarket sections of town. * '''Squirrel Hill''', in East End-South (Pittsburgh East End-South) is concentrated along Murray and Forbes Avenues, and has tons of great little shops, notably some catering to the local Jewish community. The Squirrel Hill shops tend to fall under the 'specialty' store category. * '''Downtown (Pittsburgh Downtown)''' has shops of every description, but is best visited during standard business hours. * The '''Strip District (Pittsburgh East End-North)''' is home to many ethnic markets and street vendors, as well as the '''16:62 Design Zone''', which stretches between 16th and 62nd Streets from the Strip to '''Lawrenceville''' and offers a distinctive blend of neighborhood shops, artisan studios and unique showrooms, all focused on the arts and home decor. There are many outlet stores and suburban malls located in the Pittsburgh region, but not within Pittsburgh itself. For info on these, see the Allegheny County article. Eat ''See the Districts (Pittsburgh#Districts) articles for individual listings.'' The Pittsburgh restaurant scene is a little different than most cities. In many neighborhoods, they can be difficult to find and are often patronized mainly by locals. The hills and rivers make the roads tricky. So, if you're from out of town your best bet is to pick up a local copy of the Pittsburgh magazine and do a quick search of the "Best Restaurants" section. Each district has its unique restaurants, but the main districts for eating are the Strip District, South Side and, of course Downtown. Mt Washington, Lawrenceville, Shadyside, Oakland, Bloomfield, and Squirrel Hill also contain a wide variety of restaurants. If you're willing to go a little off the beaten path, you'll also find gems tucked away just slightly further out which are still accessible by PAT bus. * Commons:Category:Pittsburgh WikiPedia:Pittsburgh Dmoz:Regional North_America United_States Pennsylvania Localities P Pittsburgh
1975 1978 (Super Bowl XIII) 1979 (Super Bowl XIV) 2005 (Super Bowl XL) 2008 (Super Bowl XLIII) - '''Pittsburgh Penguins''' 1967 NHL (National Hockey League) Ice hockey Consol Center (Consol Energy Center) 1991 (1991 Stanley Cup Finals) 1992 (1992 Stanley Cup Finals) 2009 (2009 Stanley Cup Finals) - Steel City Yellow Jackets 2014 ABA (ABA 2000) Basketball CCAC Allegheny Arena (Community College of Allegheny County) ''1968 (1968 ABA Playoffs)**'' - Pittsburgh Riverhounds 1999 USL Pro Soccer rowspan "2" Highmark Stadium - Pittsburgh Passion 2002 IWFL (Independent Women's Football League) American football 2007 (National Women's Football Association#Championship games) - Pittsburgh Force 2008 WFA (Women's Football Alliance) American football Rubenstein Stadium - Pittsburgh Power 2011 AFL (Arena Football League (2010–)) Arena football Consol Center (Consol Energy Center) * 1901 and 1902 were Pre World-Series Era Champions. ** Pittsburgh's ABA franchise won the 1968 title, however the current franchise are heirs to it only in location. class "wikitable" style "margin:0 auto; text-align:center; width:100%;" - !Division I Athletics !Prominent sports !Venues !Conference !National Championships - rowspan "2" University of Pittsburgh Pitt Football (Pittsburgh Panthers football) (FBS (NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision)) Heinz Field rowspan "2" ACC (Atlantic Coast Conference) 1915 (1915 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1916 (1916 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1918 (1918 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1929 (1929 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1931 (1931 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1934 (1934 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1936 (1936 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1937 (1937 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) 1976 (1976 Pittsburgh Panthers football team) - Pitt Basketball (Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball) Petersen Events Center 1927–28 (Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball#2-Time National Champions) 1929–30 (Pittsburgh Panthers men's basketball#2-Time National Champions) - - rowspan "2" Duquesne University Dukes Football (Duquesne Dukes football) (FCS (Division I-Football Championship Subdivision)) Art Rooney Field (Arthur J. Rooney Athletic Field) NEC (Northeast Conference) 1995 (Duquesne Dukes#Yearly football results) 2000 (NCAA Division I FCS Consensus Mid-Major Football National Championship#Retroactive Sports Network champions) 2003 (Duquesne Dukes#Yearly football results) - Dukes Basketball (Duquesne Dukes men's basketball) Palumbo Center (A. J. Palumbo Center) A10 (Atlantic 10 Conference) 1954-55 (1955 National Invitation Tournament) (NIT) - - rowspan "2" Robert Morris University Colonials Basketball (Robert Morris Colonials men's basketball) Sewall Center (Charles L. Sewall Center) NEC (Northeast Conference) - Colonials Hockey (Robert Morris Colonials#Ice hockey) Island Sports Center AHA (Atlantic Hockey) Baseball thumb PNC Park (File:Pedro goes to Pittsburgh.jpg), home of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Commons:Category:Pittsburgh WikiPedia:Pittsburgh Dmoz:Regional North_America United_States Pennsylvania Localities P Pittsburgh
Chicago. The no-hitter is the first for the Red Sox since 1923. Parnell will go 4-4 before a torn muscle in his pitching arm ends his career as the Red Sox' winningest southpaw. * July 25 – Pittsburgh Pirates outfielder Roberto Clemente becomes the first (and to date only) player to hit a walk-off inside-the-park grand slam in a win over the Chicago Cubs at Pittsburgh's (Pittsburgh) old Forbes Field. * World Series – New York Yankees win 4 games to 3 over
(6), 5–7, 3–6. In the previous rounds, she beat Meng Yuan of China, 6–3, 6–0, and upset 17th seeded German Anna-Lena Grönefeld, 6–2, 6–2. Harkleroad struggled in the clay-court season and finished in the second round at Roland Garros (French Open (tennis)), losing to Venus Williams, 1–6, 6–7(8–10). Harkleroad was down 1–6, 1–5, before rebounding and holding set points. During this match, Williams hit the fastest recorded women's main-draw serve,
History, Congregation Beth Shalom website . Listfield led protests by the congregation against the posthumous induction into the Alabama Military Hall of Honor of prominent United States Navy officer, frequent political candidate, and outspoken antisemite John G. Crommelin. Listfield moved to Pittsburgh's Tree of Life Congregation in August, 2006. Clergy, Tree of Life Congregation website (#refTreeOfLife). birth_date Commons:Category:Pittsburgh WikiPedia:Pittsburgh Dmoz:Regional North_America United_States Pennsylvania Localities P Pittsburgh
-666707 Pitt team inserts computer chip in brain so a person's thoughts can instigate motion - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Notable patients Several notable patients have chosen to be treated at the city's hospitals including President Yudhoyono (Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono) (2012), Steelers (Pittsburgh Steelers) founder Art Rooney (1988),
Paramount offices with the largest sound stage outside Los Angeles and New York City. thumb left alt A picture of the Fort Pitt blockhouse built in 1764 and the oldest extant structure in Pittsburgh The Fort Pitt Blockhouse (File:Bouquet blockhouse.JPG), dating to 1764, is the oldest extant structure in the City
. The Greater Cleveland Film Commission works to bring future productions to the Cleveland area.
Defense" and shocked the basketball world with it in 1973-1974 with a school record 22 straight wins and an Elite Eight appearance. He was inducted into the NAIA (National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics) Hall of Fame (1969), Western Pennsylvania Coaches Hall of Fame (1980), and the Pennsylvania Sports Hall of Fame (1992). Commons:Category:Pittsburgh WikiPedia:Pittsburgh Dmoz:Regional North_America United_States Pennsylvania Localities P Pittsburgh
leader_title2 State House (Pennsylvania House of Representatives) leader_name2 title Representatives frame_style border:none; padding: 0; list_style text-align:left;display:none; 1 Jake Wheatley 2 Don Walko 3 Dominic Costa 4 Chelsa Wagner 5 Dan Frankel 6 Joseph Preston, Jr. 7 Dan Deasy 8 Paul Costa 9 Harry Readshaw leader_title3 State Senate (Pennsylvania State Senate) leader_name3 Jim Ferlo (D (Democratic Party (United States))) Jay Costa (D (Democratic Party (United States))) leader_title4 U.S. House (United States House of Representatives) leader_name4 Mike Doyle (Michael F. Doyle) (D (Democratic Party (United States))) established_title Settled established_date 1717 established_title1 Founded established_date1 November 27, 1758 established_title2 Municipal incorporation established_date2 April 16, 1771 (Township) April 22, 1794 (Borough) March 18, 1816 (City) founder George Washington, General John Forbes named_for "The Great Commoner": Prime Minister William Pitt (William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham) unit_pref Imperial area_total_sq_mi 58.3 area_land_sq_mi 55.5 area_water_sq_mi 2.8 area_water_percent 4.8 area_urban_sq_mi area_metro_sq_mi 5343 elevation_ft elevation_max_ft 1370 elevation_min_ft 710 population_as_of 2013 (United States Census Bureau) population_footnotes population_total 305,841 population_rank US: 62nd (List of United States cities by population) population_density_sq_mi 5540 population_urban 1,733,853 (US: 27th (List of United States urban areas)) population_metro 2,360,867 (US: 22nd (List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas)) population_blank1_title CSA (Combined statistical area) population_blank1 2,659,937 (US: 20th (List of Combined Statistical Areas)) population_blank2_title GMP (Gross metropolitan product) population_blank2 $131.3 billion (23rd (List of U.S. metropolitan areas by GDP)) population_demonym Pittsburgher or Yinzer timezone Eastern Standard Time (Eastern Time Zone) utc_offset −5 timezone_DST Eastern Daylight Time (Eastern Time Zone) utc_offset_DST −4 latd 40 latm 26 lats 30 latNS N longd 80 longm 00 longs 00 longEW W coordinates_display 8 postal_code_type ZIP Code postal_code area_code 412 (Area code 412), 724 (Area code 724), 878 (Area code 878) blank_name FIPS code (Federal Information Processing Standard) blank_info 42-61000 blank1_name GNIS feature ID (Geographic Names Information System) blank1_info 1213644 blank2_name Expressways blank2_info 22px link Interstate 279 (File:I-279.svg) 22px link Interstate 376 (File:I-376.svg) 22px link Interstate 579 (File:I-579.svg) 16px link Pennsylvania_Route_28#Pittsburgh_area (File:PA-28.svg) 16px link Pennsylvania_Route_65 (File:PA-65.svg) blank3_name Waterways blank3_info Ohio River, Monongahela River, Allegheny River, Chartiers Creek, Saw Mill Run, Becks Run Street's Run blank5_name Transit blank5_info Port Authority Transit (Port Authority of Allegheny County) blank6_name Rail blank6_info Penn Station (Union Station (Pittsburgh)) Capitol Limited (Capitol Limited (Amtrak train)), Pennsylvanian (Pennsylvanian (train)) website PittsburghPA.gov footnotes
Aside from the steel industry, Pittsburgh also led innovations and industries in aluminum, glass, shipbuilding, petroleum, foods, appliances (home appliance), sports, transportation, computing, retail, automotive industry, and electronics. parks (Pittsburgh Parks Conservancy), research centers (RIDC), libraries (Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh), a vibrantly diverse cultural district (Cultural District, Pittsburgh) and the most bars (Bar (establishment)) per capita in the U.S.
These legacies have earned Pittsburgh the title of America's Most Livable City by ''Places Rated Almanac'', ''Forbes'', and ''The Economist'' while having ''National Geographic (National Geographic (magazine))'' and ''Today (Today (U.S. TV program))'' name the city a top world destination. Since 2004, the area has added over 3,000 hotel rooms with higher occupancy than 11 comparable cities.
Google, Uber (Uber (company)), Intel, Disney Research, IBM, Bosch (Robert Bosch GmbH), Apple (Apple Inc.), and Eaton (Eaton Corporation) are among 1,600 technology firms generating $10.8 billion in annual Pittsburgh payrolls, with the area serving as the long-time federal agency headquarters for cyber defense (CERT Coordination Center), software engineering (Software Engineering Institute), robotics (National Robotics Engineering Center), energy research (National Energy Technology Laboratory) and the nuclear navy (Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory).
The nation's fifth-largest bank (PNC Financial Services), eight Fortune 500 companies, and six of the top 300 US law firms make their global headquarters in the Pittsburgh area, while RAND (RAND Corporation), BNY Mellon (The Bank of New York Mellon), Nova (Nova Chemicals), Bayer (Bayer USA), FedEx (FedEx Ground), GSK (GlaxoSmithKline#Operations) and NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) have large regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.S. job growth.
A leader in environmental design (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) the city is home to 60 total and 10 of the world's first green buildings, even as billions have recently been invested in the area's Marcellus (Marcellus Formation#Economic impact) energy renaissance.