being offered from La Paz Airport (El Alto International Airport). The domestic network had grown to extensive size, covering most airports in the country (still relying on multiple-stopover flights). More international routes had been added, with LAB now also offering flights to Chile, Argentina and Peru. The following destinations were served on a scheduled basis in 1964, using Douglas DC-3, DC-6 (Douglas DC-6) or Boeing B-17G (Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress) (the latter being
. As a result of the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia (1879–1883), Chile expanded its territory northward by almost one-third and acquired valuable nitrate deposits, the exploitation of which led to an era of national affluence. In 2002 Chile signed an association agreement with the European Union (comprising FTA, political and cultural agreements), in 2003, an extensive free trade agreement with the United States, and in 2004 with South Korea, expecting a boom
. The majority of these governments are still enjoying high approval ratings in their nation's public opinion polls. In Nicaragua's 2006 elections the former Sandinista (Sandinista National Liberation Front) President Daniel Ortega was re-elected President after having been out of office since 1990. Filled, straight ''churros'' are found in Cuba (with fruit, such as guava), Brazil (with chocolate, ''doce de leite (dulce de leche)'', among others), and in Argentina, Peru
, Chile and Mexico (usually filled with ''dulce de leche'' or ''cajeta'' but also with chocolate and vanilla). In Spain they have a considerably wider diameter to allow for the filling. In Uruguay, churros can also come in a savoury (umami) version, filled with melted cheese. successor Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro order2 Founder of the Freedom of Peru, Founder of the Republic, Protector of Peru, and Generalissimo of Armas (ad
of Peru. It contains manjar blanco filling (similar to dulce de leche) and either dry fruits or nuts (nut (fruit)). The exterior is usually a sugar-based fondant-like shell, http: www.nutricionyrecetas.com recetas galletas 6668.htm ''nutricionyrecetas'' but there also exists chocolate versions too (known by the contraction ''chocotejas''
was seen as threat by influential politicians in the neighboring countries, and its support for Chilean and Argentine dissidents in exile caused Argentina and Chile to wage war separately against the confederation. The Confederation collapsed after being defeated by a combined Chilean and Peruvian dissident force in what is now known as the War of the Confederation. The '''Cordillera Blanca''' (Spanish (Spanish language) for "White Range") is a mountain range in the Ancash Region of Peru. Part of the larger Andes range, it includes 33 major peaks over Commons:Category:Peru
accessdate 2008-04-14 author Damian Thompson publisher Jewish Theatre Cusick attended the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama and was asked to resign in his second year there. He got his first acting role at the Citizens' Theatre as an understudy in the Christmas Panto playing a polar bear. He appeared in various productions for the Strathclyde Theatre Group in Glasgow. http: www.strath.ac.uk culture ramshorn theatregroup He is fluent in both English (Scottish English) and Spanish (Spanish language), and was raised Roman Catholic. SCADTA Company Following the conflict with Peru in 1932, President Enrique Olaya Herrera sought the help of engineers and pilots of '''''SCADTA''''' to find a suitable site to build an airport to support military air operations in the south of the country. After evaluating several alternatives, the famous German pilot Herbert Boy settled on an area of land called "'''''El Guabito'''''" because of its location, proximity to the city and its proximity to the road a stretched into Juanchito Antioquia Avenue. He quickly proceeded to level the land leveling, using a bulldozer. There a fledgling Air Force Base and Air National Guard station commenced service on September 21, 1933. In time SCADTA Panagra, followed by ''TACA de Colombia'', and VIARCO SAETA. '''Tacna''' is the southernmost region (Subdivisions of Peru) in Peru. Its name originates from the Quechua (Quechua language) words ''taka'' ("hit") and ''na'' ("something to do"), which would mean "a place to hit". This expression is thought to be related to the Quechua conquest of the Aymara (Aymara people) people. Its capital is the city of Tacna. '''Tumbes''' is a coastal region (Subdivisions of Peru) in northwestern Peru and southwestern Ecuador. Due to the region's location near the Equator it has a warm climate, with beaches that are considered among the finest in Peru. Despite its small area, the region contains a wide variety of ecosystems. '''Ucayali''' is an inland region in Peru. Located in the Amazon rainforest, its name is derived from the Ucayali River. The regional capital is the city of Pucallpa. Todd designed and erected several observatories, including those at Smith College from 1886 to 1888 and at Amherst College from 1903 to 1906. He established Standard Time in Peru in 1907. He was chief astronomer at the Lick Observatory during the transit of Venus in 1882, and created the first known photographs of the transit. History Although melanoma is not a new disease, evidence for its occurrence in antiquity is rather scarce. However, one example lies in a 1960s examination of nine Peruvian mummies, radiocarbon dated to be approximately 2400 years old, which showed apparent signs of melanoma: melanotic masses in the skin and diffuse metastases to the bones. Commons:Category:Peru
for the Thanksgiving meal at the galley on board Naval Air Station Jacksonville, Fla.jpg left thumb A cornucopia made of bread, prepared for a Thanksgiving meal in 2005 for U.S. Navy personnel In modern depictions, the cornucopia is typically a hollow, horn-shaped wicker basket filled with various kinds of festive fruit and vegetables. In North America, the cornucopia has come to be associated with Thanksgiving and the harvest. Cornucopia is also the name of the annual November Wine and Food
in Allentown (Allentown, Pennsylvania), Pennsylvania. He frequently works with Julie Bell, his wife, painter, and model. '''Japantown''' is a common name for Japanese American, Japanese Canadian or Japanese Filipino communities in big cities. Alternatively, Japantowns are called ''Little Tokyos'' or ''Nihonmachis'' (日本町 ''or'' 日本街) or ''J-towns''. Liberdade is the Japanese district in São Paulo, Brazil; San Miguel (San Miguel, Manila) and Paco, Manila Dilao
to medical services. Measles, Parotiditis, Rubella (SPR) If they have not been vaccinated before, two doses for all travelers are recommended. Tétanos - diphtheria Recommended re-vaccination every 10 years. '''What should I take in the suitcase?''' It is recommendable to travel with a small medical kit (Traveler Kit) that includes some basic medicines like antacid, analgesic pills, NSAIDs and antihistamine drugs. Also it is necessary to take some dehydrated solutions for oral hydratation
of the same name. "Pedro Navaja" on MaestraVida.com "Navaja" means ''knife'' or ''razor'' (hence an analogy to Blades' surname) in Spanish (Spanish language). Inspired by the song Mack the Knife,related "Performance with Seis del Solar" it tells the story of a panderer's life and his presumed death. The song is recognized throughout Hispanic America as it picture scenes and stories common to all these countries, even though the story takes place in New York City. The song deals with life, death and the unexpected with dark humor. There is a movie titled ''Pedro Navaja'', filmed in Mexico in 1984, starring Andres Garcia as ''Pedro Navaja'', a young Maribel Guardia as his girlfriend, and Resortes as his best friend, IMDB profile which is based on this song; it was made without Blades's input, which caused him to record "Sorpresas" (Surprises), a song that continues the story, turning the movie's plot around by revealing Navaja was still alive and had killed another panderer while he was being registered, provided that the other panderer believed he was truly dead. There was also a musical, ''La verdadera historia de Pedro Navaja'', based on the Kurt Weill and Bertolt Brecht's play ''The Threepenny Opera'', staged in Lima, Peru, starring, among other, Camila Mac Lennan, and in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Luis Vigoreaux played the title character. *Lima, Peru has several gated communities, especially in the wealthy districts of La Molina (La Molina District) and Santiago de Surco. They are home to many prominent Peruvians. Commons:Category:Peru
coast by cultivating a maritime consciousness. Bolivia's Morales to take Chile sea dispute to court - BBC News, 24 Mar 2011. "''The demand for the return of its lost coastline is the subject of powerful national sentiment in Bolivia. The landlocked Andean nation maintains a small navy, and schoolchildren are taught that regaining access to the sea is a patriotic duty''." The Bolivian Navy takes part in many parades and government functions, but none more so than the ''Día Del Mar'' (Day of the Sea) in which Bolivia, every year, asks for the coast territories lost to Chile during the War of the Pacific which was fought between Peru and Bolivia against Chile from 1879 to 1884. The reconquest of its coastline is a point of honor for Bolivia, influencing many modern day political actions and trade decisions. thumb 200px right Eduardo Abaroa (File:Eduardo abaroa.png) Colonel '''Eduardo Abaroa Hidalgo''' (October 13, 1838 – March 23, 1879) was Bolivia's foremost hero of the War of the Pacific (1879–1883), which pitted Chile against Bolivia and Peru. He was one of the leaders of the civilian resistance to the Chilean invasion at the Battle of Topáter. In the early 1970s, Ridgway negotiated longstanding issues over fishing rights in Brazil, Peru and the Bahamas. This led to her appointment in 1976 as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and Fisheries. During her tenure, she negotiated the 200-mile (370 km) fishing rights treaty. Ridgway's subsequent negotiations led to the return of property of U.S. citizens from Czechoslovakia lima en tarapoto.jpg thumb Night view of the Lima Avenue. '''Tarapoto''', known as the "City of Palms", is a thriving commercial hub in northern Peru, an hour by plane from Lima, situated in the San Martín Province of the San Martín Region, located in the high jungle plateau to the east of what is known as the ''selva baja'' (low jungle). Although Moyobamba is the capital of the region, Tarapoto is the region's largest city, and is linked to the Upper Amazon and the historic city of Yurimaguas by a relatively well-maintained newly paved (2008–2009) ''transandean'' highway Tarapoto.com . In America some of the Native American (Indigenous peoples of the Americas) tribes give reverence to the rattlesnake as grandfather and king of snakes who is able to give fair winds or cause tempest. Among the Hopi of Arizona the serpent figures largely in one of the dances. The rattlesnake was worshipped in the Natchez temple of the sun and the Aztec deity Quetzalcoatl was a feathered serpent-god. In many MesoAmerican cultures, the serpent was regarded as a portal between two worlds. The tribes of Peru are said to have adored great snakes in the pre-Inca days and in Chile the Mapuche made a serpent figure in their deluge beliefs. The Mound Builders (Mound builder (people)) associated great mystical value to the serpent, as the Serpent Mound demonstrates, though we are unable to unravel the particular associations. History The business that would become W. R. Grace and Company was founded in 1854 in Peru by William Russell Grace, who left Ireland due to the potato famine. He went first to Peru to work as a ship's chandler (Ship chandler) to the merchantmen harvesting guano (from bird droppings, a fertilizer and gunpowder ingredient due to its high levels of phosphorus and nitrogen). His brother, Michael (Michael P. Grace) joined the business there and they would form Grace Brothers & Co. The company set up head office operations in New York City in 1865. Working in fertilizer and machinery, the company was formally chartered in 1872, and incorporated in 1895. ''"A Matter of Chemistry"'' - Time Inc. - Friday, Mar. 23, 1962 History The business that would become W. R. Grace and Company was founded in 1854 in Peru by William Russell Grace, who left Ireland due to the potato famine. He went first to Peru to work as a ship's chandler (Ship chandler) to the merchantmen harvesting guano (from bird droppings, a fertilizer and gunpowder ingredient due to its high levels of phosphorus and nitrogen). His brother, Michael (Michael P. Grace) joined the business there and they would form Grace Brothers & Co. The company set up head office operations in New York City in 1865. Working in fertilizer and machinery, the company was formally chartered in 1872, and incorporated in 1895. ''"A Matter of Chemistry"'' - Time Inc. - Friday, Mar. 23, 1962 Historical perspective Sometimes historians Commons:Category:Peru
common_name Peru image_coat Escudo de armas del Perú.svg image_flag Flag of Peru.svg image_map Peru (orthographic projection).svg national_motto "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union" national_anthem other_symbol_type National seal (Seal (device)): other_symbol 80px link Great Seal of the State (File:Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg) languages_type Official languages a languages Spanish (Spanish language) (official) 84.1% Quechua (Quechuan languages) (official) 13% Aymara (Aymara language) (official) 1.7% (2007 Census) demonym Peruvian ethnic_groups 45% Amerindian (Indigenous peoples in Peru) 37% Mestizo 15% White (Peruvians of European descent) 2% others ethnic_groups_year 2013 capital Lima latd 12 latm 2.6 latNS S longd 77 longm 1.7 longEW W largest_city Lima government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional (Constitution of Peru) republic leader_title1 President (List of Presidents of Peru) leader_name1 Ollanta Humala leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Peru) leader_name2 Ana Jara legislature Congress (Congress of the Republic of Peru) sovereignty_type Independence (Peruvian War of Independence) established_event1 Declared (Peruvian War of Independence) established_date1 28 July 1821 established_event2 Consolidated (Battle of Ayacucho) established_date2 9 December 1824 established_event3 Recognized (Chincha Islands War) established_date3 2 May 1866 area_rank 20th area_magnitude 1 E12 area_km2 1,285,216 area_sq_mi 496,225 percent_water 0.41 population_estimate 31,151,643 population_estimate_rank 41st population_estimate_year 2015 population_census 28,220,764 population_census_year 2007 population_density_km2 23 population_density_sq_mi 57 population_density_rank 191st GDP_PPP $403.322 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2015 GDP_PPP_per_capita $12,638 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $217.607 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2015 GDP_nominal_per_capita $6,819 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2012 Gini_change decrease Gini 45.3 Gini_ref Gini_rank 35th HDI_year 2014 HDI_change steady HDI 0.737 HDI_ref HDI_rank 82nd currency Nuevo sol (Peruvian nuevo sol) currency_code PEN time_zone PET (Time in Peru) date_format dd.mm.yyyy (CE (Common Era)) utc_offset −5 drives_on right calling_code +51 cctld .pe footnote_a Quechua (Quechua language), Aymara (Aymara language) and other indigenous languages (Languages of Peru) are co-official in the areas where they predominate.
'''Peru''' ), is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is an extremely biodiverse (biodiversity) country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ed.):Perú: País megaviverso
Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures (Ancient Peru) spanning from the Norte Chico civilization in Caral, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America (Pre-Columbian). The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty (Viceroyalty of Peru) with its capital in Lima, which included most of its South American colonies. Ideas of political autonomy later spread throughout Spanish America and Peru gained its Independence, which was formally proclaimed in 1821. After the battle of Ayacucho, three years after proclamation, Peru ensured its independence. After achieving independence (Peruvian War of Independence), the country remained in recession and kept a low military profile until an economic rise based on the extraction of raw and maritime materials struck the country, which ended shortly before the war of the Pacific. Subsequently, the country has undergone changes in of government from oligarchic to democratic systems. Peru has gone through periods of political unrest and internal conflict (Internal conflict in Peru) as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.
Peru is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic divided into 25 regions (Administrative divisions of Peru). It is a developing country with a high Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 25.8 percent. UN: Peru Posts One of Region’s Best Reductions in Poverty in 2011. Andean Air Mail and Peruvian Times, 28 November 2012. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing, agriculture and fishing.
The Peruvian population, estimated at 30.4 million, is multiethnic (Multiethnic society), including Amerindians (Indigenous Peoples in Peru), Europeans (White Latin American), Africans (African Latin American) and Asians (Asian Latin American). The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua (Quechua languages) or other native languages (Indigenous languages of the Americas). This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.