popular among the citizens of that country too. There she gave birth to her only daughter, María Nahíma, who as her mother, began singing professionally since a child. Carmita kept on releasing albums and scoring more hits. Peru In Peru the central business district is San Isidro (San Isidro, Peru), in Lima, which hosts the majority of Peru's financial industry headquarters.
to interview Van der Sloot at Miguel Castro Castro (National Penitentiary Institute (Peru)) prison in Peru. In a September 2010 interview from the prison, Van der Sloot reportedly admitted to the extortion plot, stating: "I wanted to get back at Natalee's family—her parents have been making my life tough for five years." Van der Sloot pled guilty to murdering Ramirez on January 11, 2012. ref name
was not used for more important games. The club chose to move those high-risk games to the Estadio Nacional which, at the time, had a capacity of 48,000. '''Plaza de Sol y Sombra''' is a bull ring in Lima, Peru. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 10,000 people and was built in 1982. '''Estadio Elías Aguirre''' is a multi-purpose stadium administrated by the governmental ''Instituto Peruano del Deporte
). The location is best known for the ruins of a Pre-Incan aqueduct stretching approximately five miles in length. The aqueduct collected water from the Atlantic watershed and redirected it on its way to the Pacific Ocean. It is thought to have been constructed around 1500 B.C. and was once thought to be the oldest existing man-made structure in South America. The name Cumbe Mayo may be derived from a Quechua (Quechua languages) phrase, ''kumpi mayu'', meaning “well-made water channel,” or ''humpi mayo'', meaning “thin river.” left thumb aqueduct (File:Cumbemayo aqueduct.JPG) * ARD-Studio Algiers (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia) * ARD-Studio Buenos Aires (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay) * ARD-Studio Geneva (covering the Geneva offices of the United Nations, as well as Switzerland and Liechtenstein) '''''Anguloa''''', commonly known as '''tulip orchids''', is a small orchid genus closely related to ''Lycaste''. Its abbreviation in horticulture is '''Ang'''. This genus was described by José Antonio Pavón and Hipólito Ruiz López in 1798. They named it in honor of Francisco de Angulo, a contemporary Peruvian who collected orchids as a hobby and by this way had become quite knowledgeable about these plants, assisting the botanists in their work. Peruvian Navy and later service In 1866, the Peruvian Minister to the United States contacted Tucker to arrange an interview in Washington, D.C.. Peru and Chile were at war with Spain, and the Peruvians invited Tucker to join their Navy as a Rear Admiral (Rear admiral (United States)), bringing with him two staff officers of his choice. Tucker accepted and went to Peru with Captain David Porter McCorkle and Commander Walter Raleigh Butt. Although some Peruvian naval officers objected to a foreigner in command of their fleet, Tucker did his best until several Peruvian navy officers (including Miguel Grau Seminario, later known as "the Knight of the Seas" at the War of Guano and Salitre (1879-1883), resigned their commissions due to Tucker's appointment. Tucker resigned as commander in chief but remained a rear admiral in the Peruvian Navy, mainly because of the support of President Prado. Prado had planned for Tucker to lead the allied fleet to victory over the Spanish at Puerto Rico, Cuba and Las Filipinas. As international consultant, she has worked for various multilateral organizations, including the OECD, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNESCO, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. She has been consultant and lecturer in private companies and business events and has advised various industry associations, Ministries and Councils of Industry or Science and Technology, R&D institutes and development banks in Latin America (Venezuela, Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Uruguay, Argentina, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Brazil) and other regions (Canada, Norway, Estonia). Several elements of the European Union's Lisbon Strategy were based on her work as well. In its early efforts to enforce the law, the Navy used the ports of Charleston, SC and Savannah, GA from 1808 or 1809 to 1812 as home ports for several ships patrolling the Atlantic ocean in that area; however, USS ''Chesapeake'' sailed off the west coast of Africa early in 1813. The Navy created the African Squadron for the purpose of intercepting ships with "black ivory" on board; however, very few ships were operating together at any one time, which meant that the "blockade of Africa" was ineffective. More important tasks such as the War of 1812, the ongoing troubles with the Barbary Pirates, the extermination of the pirates in the West Indies from 1819 to 1827, the protection of American shipping in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Peru in the 1830s, the War with Mexico in the 1840s, the voyages to Japan in the 1850s, and transporting of diplomats to other nations left little capability available for use in the African Squadron. Nevertheless, some noteworthy events involving ships while they were assigned to the African Squadron did occur. *#José Félix Fernández Estigarribia (1999-2000) * '''Peru''' - Fernando de Trazegnies (1998-2000) * '''Suriname''' - Errol Snijders (1997-2000) *#Rubén Melgarejo Lanzoni (1996-1998) * '''Peru''' - Francisco Tudela van Breugel (1995-1997) * '''Suriname''' - * '''Paraguay''' - Luis María Ramírez Boettner (1993-1996) * '''Peru''' - Efrain Goldenberg (1993-1995) * '''Suriname''' - Subhas Mungra (1991-1996) - Commons:Category:Peru
January 2011 – 16 November 2009) was an acclaimed Peruvian artist, renowned for his intricate, colourful depictions of his visions from drinking the entheogenic plant brew, ayahuasca. He was first brought to the West's attention by Dennis
thumb right 175px Saffron Finch - West End, Grand Cayman Island (File:Saffron Finch Grand Cayman Island.jpg) The male is bright yellow with an orange crown which distinguishes it from other yellow finches in the continent. The females are more confusing as they can sometimes be just a duller version of the male but some sub-species such as, ''S. f. pelzelni'', are olive-brown with heavy dark streaks. thumb Cayetano Heredia (Image:CHeredia.jpg) '''Cayetano Heredia''' (August 5
romantic poets of Peru in the 19th century history, best known for his famous poetic love songs known as ''yaravíes''. He is often considered like the Ecuadorian José Joaquín Olmedo and the Cuban José Martí, patriots of their respective countries. '''Alfonso Ugarte''' (July 13, 1847 - June 7, 1880) was a Peruvian military commander during the War of the Pacific, between Peru and Bolivia against Chile. He ultimately rose to the rank of Colonel. Ugarte was born
works are the novels "Hacia Un Lejano Sol", "Mi Volutad Ha Muerto" and "La Leyenda Benaventina". Canales gave many lectures, among the countries he visited were Argentina, Peru, Uruguay, Panama and Venezuela. '''Laurence Adolph Steinhardt''' (1892–1950) was a United States diplomat. He served as the U.S. Minister to Sweden and U.S. Ambassador to Peru, the USSR, Turkey, Czechoslovakia, and Canada. http
performance has been tied to exports, which provide hard currency to finance imports and external debt payments. Thorp, p. 4. Although they have provided substantial revenue, self-sustained growth and a more egalitarian distribution of income have proven elusive. Thorp, p. 321. According to 2010 data, 31.3% of its total population is poor, including 9.8% that lives in extreme poverty. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, ''Evolución de la Pobreza en el Perú al 2010'', p. 38. Inflation in 2012 was the lowest in Latin America at only 1.8%, but increased in 2013 as oil and commodity prices rose; as of 2014 it stands at 2.5%. Commons:Category:Peru
to the "Offshore Ground" in August, some 2-3,000 miles off the South American coast where more whales were likely to be found. In the ''Ann Alexander'''s case, she resumed the hunt at the latitude of 5 (5th parallel south)° 50′ south, and longitude 102 (102nd meridian west)° west. Commons:Category:Peru
common_name Peru image_coat Escudo de armas del Perú.svg image_flag Flag of Peru.svg image_map Peru (orthographic projection).svg national_motto "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union" national_anthem other_symbol_type National seal (Seal (device)): other_symbol 80px link Great Seal of the State (File:Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg) languages_type Official languages a languages Spanish (Spanish language) (official) 84.1% Quechua (Quechuan languages) (official) 13% Aymara (Aymara language) (official) 1.7% (2007 Census) demonym Peruvian ethnic_groups 45% Amerindian (Indigenous peoples in Peru) 37% Mestizo 15% White (Peruvians of European descent) 2% others ethnic_groups_year 2013 capital Lima latd 12 latm 2.6 latNS S longd 77 longm 1.7 longEW W largest_city Lima government_type Unitary (Unitary state) presidential (Presidential system) constitutional (Constitution of Peru) republic leader_title1 President (List of Presidents of Peru) leader_name1 Ollanta Humala leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Peru) leader_name2 Ana Jara legislature Congress (Congress of the Republic of Peru) sovereignty_type Independence (Peruvian War of Independence) established_event1 Declared (Peruvian War of Independence) established_date1 28 July 1821 established_event2 Consolidated (Battle of Ayacucho) established_date2 9 December 1824 established_event3 Recognized (Chincha Islands War) established_date3 2 May 1866 area_rank 20th area_magnitude 1 E12 area_km2 1,285,216 area_sq_mi 496,225 percent_water 0.41 population_estimate 31,151,643 population_estimate_rank 41st population_estimate_year 2015 population_census 28,220,764 population_census_year 2007 population_density_km2 23 population_density_sq_mi 57 population_density_rank 191st GDP_PPP $403.322 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2015 GDP_PPP_per_capita $12,638 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $217.607 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2015 GDP_nominal_per_capita $6,819 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2012 Gini_change decrease Gini 45.3 Gini_ref Gini_rank 35th HDI_year 2014 HDI_change steady HDI 0.737 HDI_ref HDI_rank 82nd currency Nuevo sol (Peruvian nuevo sol) currency_code PEN time_zone PET (Time in Peru) date_format dd.mm.yyyy (CE (Common Era)) utc_offset −5 drives_on right calling_code +51 cctld .pe footnote_a Quechua (Quechua language), Aymara (Aymara language) and other indigenous languages (Languages of Peru) are co-official in the areas where they predominate.
'''Peru''' ), is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is an extremely biodiverse (biodiversity) country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ed.):Perú: País megaviverso
Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures (Ancient Peru) spanning from the Norte Chico civilization in Caral, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America (Pre-Columbian). The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty (Viceroyalty of Peru) with its capital in Lima, which included most of its South American colonies. Ideas of political autonomy later spread throughout Spanish America and Peru gained its Independence, which was formally proclaimed in 1821. After the battle of Ayacucho, three years after proclamation, Peru ensured its independence. After achieving independence (Peruvian War of Independence), the country remained in recession and kept a low military profile until an economic rise based on the extraction of raw and maritime materials struck the country, which ended shortly before the war of the Pacific. Subsequently, the country has undergone changes in of government from oligarchic to democratic systems. Peru has gone through periods of political unrest and internal conflict (Internal conflict in Peru) as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.
Peru is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic divided into 25 regions (Administrative divisions of Peru). It is a developing country with a high Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 25.8 percent. UN: Peru Posts One of Region’s Best Reductions in Poverty in 2011. Andean Air Mail and Peruvian Times, 28 November 2012. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing, agriculture and fishing.
The Peruvian population, estimated at 30.4 million, is multiethnic (Multiethnic society), including Amerindians (Indigenous Peoples in Peru), Europeans (White Latin American), Africans (African Latin American) and Asians (Asian Latin American). The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua (Quechua languages) or other native languages (Indigenous languages of the Americas). This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.