. Drink There are brands of local beer. The local brew, SP (short for South Pacific) Lager, is owned by Heineken. Excessive alcohol consumption, primarily of beer, is a major social problem. Beers and wines are often served fairly warm due to a lack of refrigeration in certain areas. Also, while the water quality varies from place to place (and in some cases from day to day), it is generally best to stick to bottled water, even in the upper-market hotels. Sleep Papua New Guinea offers
info about history details10 archivedate 2008-05-01 While strictly speaking not an accident, the shooting-down of G-AEUH is included for completeness. He stayed in Australia for a year and a half playing Rugby (Rugby football) and working as an engineer. He then moved on to Papua New Guinea, Africa, the Middle East, New Zealand and Las Vegas (Las Vegas, Nevada). He finally returned to England where he was permitted to play
water polo again, but was banned for life one more time after throwing a referee into the water.
will depend upon the readiness to make real reforms to effective use of revenue, tackling rampant corruption and empowering households and businesses to access markets, services and develop a more buoyant economy, with lower costs, especially for small- to medium-size enterprises. The Institute of National Affairs, a PNG independent policy think tank, provides a report on the business and investment environment of Papua New Guinea every five years, based upon a survey of large and small, local and overseas companies, highlighting law and order problems and corruption, as the worst impediments, followed by the poor state of transport, power and communications infrastructure. Institute of National Affairs (2013) Land tenure File:OkTediMine.jpg thumb right The Ok Tedi Mine in southwestern Papua New Guinea. The PNG legislature has enacted laws in which a type of tenure called "customary land title" is recognised, meaning that the traditional lands of the indigenous peoples have some legal basis to inalienable tenure. This customary land notionally covers most of the usable land in the country (some 97% of total land area);
to 1975, what is now Papua New Guinea was divided into two legal entities under common Australian administration. The Territory of Papua (Papua (Australian territory)) was an external territory of Australia itself, while the Territory of New Guinea was never an Australian territory in a legal sense, but rather a Trust Territory (United Nations Trust Territories) under Australian administration. '''Francis
traditionally pay a dowry. People of the highlands engage in colourful local rituals that are called "sing sings". They paint themselves and dress up with feathers, pearls and animal skins to represent birds, trees or mountain spirits. Sometimes an important event, such as a legendary battle, is enacted at such a musical festival. Sport Sport is an important part of Papua New Guinean culture
of Micronesia . The name "Samoic-Outlier" recognizes Sāmoan (Samoan language). Millis travelled to Papua New Guinea with the Department of External Affairs to teach women agricultural methods. However her posting was cut short due to serious illness and she was airlifted to hospital in Brisbane. After recovering from her illness she applied for a Boots Research Scholarship at the University of Bristol. She spent three years at Bristol working on the fermentation of cider, and microoganisms that can affect the process. The '''United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances''' of 1988 is one of three major drug control treaties currently in force. It provides additional legal mechanisms for enforcing the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. The Convention entered into force on November 11, 1990. As of January 1, 2012, there were 185 Parties to the Convention. These include 182 out of 192 United Nations member states not Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Sudan, Timor-Leste and Tuvalu, and the European Union and the Cook Islands. In 1957, Shoghi Effendi appointed Robarts a Hand of the Cause of God (Hands of the Cause), the highest office to which an individual could be appointed in the Bahá'í Faith. His travels as a Hand included Southern Rhodesia, Morocco, Liberia, Cameroon, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Hawaii, Jamaica, Iceland, Australia, New Zealand, Tahiti, Fiji, Tonga, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, and Western Samoa. thumb Monument to Miklouho-Maclay in New Guinea (Image:Памятник Маклаю.jpg) The ''Maclay Coast'' (:ru:Берег Маклая), which Miklouho-Maclay named, is still used as the name for the North-east coast of Papua New Guinea. Maclay Coast, Papua New Guinea on Google Maps. The Maclay Coast is defined by Miklouho-Maclay as extending for 150 miles between Cape Croisilles and Cape King William, and 30-50 miles inland to the mountains of Mana-Boro-Boro (Finisterre Mountains (Finisterre Range)). Maclay, N. de Miklouho, 1885. — "Notes on Zoology of the Maclay Coast in New Guinea", in ''Proc. Linn. Soc. NSW'', 9:713 The '''Rainbow Lorikeet''', (''Trichoglossus haematodus'') is a species of Australasian parrot found in Australia, eastern Indonesia (Maluku (Maluku Islands) and Western New Guinea), Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. In Australia, it is common along the eastern seaboard, from Queensland to South Australia and northwest Tasmania. Its habitat is rainforest, coastal bush and woodland areas. Several taxa traditionally listed as subspecies of the Rainbow Lorikeet are increasingly treated as separate species (see ''Taxonomy'' (Rainbow Lorikeet#Taxonomy)). Year 11 students undertake practical leadership training and are encouraged to nominate for trips to Nepal, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea or Kangaroo Island. '''Ross River virus''' (RRV) is a small encapsulated single-strand RNA (RNA virus) alphavirus endemic (Endemic (epidemiology)) to Australia, Papua New Guinea and other islands in the South Pacific (Oceania). It is responsible for a type of mosquito-borne non-lethal but debilitating tropical disease known as Ross River fever, previously termed "epidemic polyarthritis". The virus is suspected to be enzootic (endemic (epidemiology)) in populations of various native Australian mammals, and has been found on occasion in horses.
; ref The country is one of the world's least explored, culturally and geographically, and many undiscovered species of plants and animals are thought to exist in the interior. Strong growth
due to terrorist action. They soon meet journalist Lia Rousseau (Margit Evelyn Newton) and her cameraman, who are investigating a series of mysterious and violent attacks on the local native population.
and overseas companies, highlighting law and order problems and corruption, as the worst impediments, followed by the poor state of transport, power and communications infrastructure. Institute of National Affairs (2013) Land tenure File:OkTediMine.jpg thumb right The Ok Tedi Mine in southwestern Papua New Guinea. The PNG legislature has enacted laws in which a type of tenure
called "customary land title" is recognised, meaning that the traditional lands of the indigenous peoples have some legal basis to inalienable tenure. This customary land notionally covers most of the usable land in the country (some 97% of total land area);
''). It is estimated that more than a thousand cultural groups exist in Papua New Guinea. Because of this diversity, many styles of cultural expression have emerged; each group has created its own expressive forms in art, dance, weaponry, costumes, singing, music, architecture and much more. Most of these cultural groups have their own language. People typically live in villages that rely on subsistence farming. In some areas people hunt and collect wild plants (such as yam roots (Yam (vegetable))) to supplement their diets. Those who become skilled at hunting, farming and fishing earn a great deal of respect. On the Sepik river, there is a tradition of wood carving, often in the form of plants or animals, representing ancestor spirits. Sea shells are no longer the currency of Papua New Guinea, as they were in some regions — sea shells were abolished as currency in 1933. However, this tradition is still present in local customs; in some cultures, to get a bride, a groom must bring a certain number of golden-edged clam shells
'''Papua New Guinea''' ('''PNG'''; ; Hiri Motu (Hiri Motu language): ''Papua Niu Gini''), officially the '''Independent State of Papua New Guinea''', is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea (West Papua (region)) forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua (Papua (province)) and West Papua (West Papua (province)).
Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse (Cultural diversity) countries in the world. 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Papua New Guinea. Ethnologue Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages.
Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector (Mining in Papua New Guinea) has led to the country's becoming the sixth fastest-growing (List of countries by real GDP growth rate) economy in the world as of 2011. Many people in the country live in extreme poverty when measured in terms of money, with about one-third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day. ''Human Development Indices'', Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009
At the local level, the majority of the population still live in strong customary societies and - while social life is overlaid with traditional religious cosmologies and modern practices, including conventional primary education - customary subsistence-based agriculture (Subsistence agriculture) remains fundamental. These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged within the nation's constitutional framework. The Papua New Guinea Constitution expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society" and for active steps to be taken in their continuing importance to local and national community life.
At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975 following 70 years of Australian administration. It became a separate Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth II) as its head of state (Monarchy of Papua New Guinea) and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.