identification of the customary landowners than hitherto and their more specific authorisation before any land arrangements are determined; (a major issue in recent years has been a land grab, using, or rather misusing, the Lease-Leaseback provision under the Land Act, notably using 'Special Agricultural and Business Leases' (SABLs) to acquire vast tracts of customary land, purportedly for agricultural projects, but in an almost all cases as a back-door mechanism for securing tropical forest resources for logging — circumventing the more exacting requirements of the Forest Act, for securing Timber Permits (which must comply with sustainability requirements and be competitively secured, and with the customary landowners approval). Following a national outcry, these SABLs have been subject to a Commission of Inquiry, established in mid-2011, for which the report is still awaited for initial presentation to the Prime Minister and Parliament. Demographics
in the family Agamidae.amp;location &holotype &reference &submit Search ''Hydrosaurus'', The Reptile Database These relatively large lizards are named after the sail-like structure on their tail. They are native to the Philippines, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea where generally found
in: del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, & D. A. Christie. eds. (2008). ''Handbook of the Birds of the World.'' Vol. 13. Pendulin-tits to Shrikes. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-84-96553-45-3 Dickinson, E. C. (editor) (2003). ''The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World.'' 3rd edition, w. updates. Christopher Helm. ISBN 071366536X Andrew, P. (1992). ''The Birds of Indonesia: A Check-list.'' Kukila Check-list No. 1
Elliott editor3-first David editor3-last Christie contribution Family Meliphagidae (Honeyeaters) title Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13, Penduline-tits to Shrikes year 2008 pages 679–685 place Barcelona publisher Lynx Edicions isbn 978-84-96553-45-3 Melbourne Royal Botanic Gardens The specimen at the Tropical House, Melbourne Royal Botanic Gardens was collected in Papua New Guinea in the early 1970s by a local orchid
too many unique national faunal and other symbols, but none of them have general acceptance for the purposes of a flag. Papua New Guinea has a beautiful solution, but there are very few flags with animals. JackofOz (User:JackofOz) 03:14, 9 April 2006 (UTC) As for the Oceania stub. I'm working through the alphabet creating national trade union centers for every :Category:Trade unions by country (Oh-oh, there's another landmine in waiting!). I'm at "I" right now. I could skip ahead and catch Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga , but I'll get there soon enough I think. '''Australia''' (
in Asia, Oceania, and Australia. Its main base is Jacksons International Airport. Flight International 27 March 2007 ''Niugini'' is the Tok Pisin word for ''New Guinea''. The Arafura Games were the first international games to have Australian rules football as a competition, rather than a demonstration sport. Papua New Guinea won the Gold medal that year and retained it in subsequent games. The national delegations that fielded
countries (Country), File:Banana ancestors (Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana) original range.png thumb Original
native ranges (Range (biology)) of the ancestors of modern edible bananas. ''Musa acuminata'' is shown in green and ''Musa balbisiana'' in orange.
: news.bbc.co.uk 1 hi world analysis 51981.stm title Analysis | Indonesia: Why ethnic Chinese are afraid publisher BBC News date 1998-02-12 accessdate 2010-05-23 The anti-Chinese legislation (Anti-Chinese legislation in Indonesia) was in the Indonesian constitution until 1998. Xenophobia against Chinese (Overseas Chinese) migrants is currently on the rise in Africa Algeria: Xenophobia against Chinese on the rise in Africa
including national-building and internal security tasks. Defence accounts for up to 4% of government expenditure, while also receiving significant assistance and training support from Australia, New Zealand, the United States and other nations. In March 2009, The Philippines and Papua New Guinea entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that would enhance the cooperation between the two countries on the development of fisheries. The MoU will facilitate technology
; meaning that all were shown in the morning and some as early as 06:00AM UK Broadcasting with highlights being shown on the BBC. Sky Sport (SKY Network Television) showed all games live across New Zealand. Mai TV broadcast all matches live in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa, Cook Islands and the Solomon Islands. Pacific Broadcasting Orange
'''Papua New Guinea''' ('''PNG'''; ; Hiri Motu (Hiri Motu language): ''Papua Niu Gini''), officially the '''Independent State of Papua New Guinea''', is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The western half of New Guinea (West Papua (region)) forms the Indonesian provinces of Papua (Papua (province)) and West Papua (West Papua (province)).
Papua New Guinea is one of the most culturally diverse (Cultural diversity) countries in the world. 848 languages are listed for the country, of which 12 have no known living speakers. Papua New Guinea. Ethnologue Most of the population of over 7 million people live in customary communities, which are as diverse as the languages.
Strong growth in Papua New Guinea's mining and resource sector (Mining in Papua New Guinea) has led to the country's becoming the sixth fastest-growing (List of countries by real GDP growth rate) economy in the world as of 2011. Many people in the country live in extreme poverty when measured in terms of money, with about one-third of the population living on less than US$1.25 per day. ''Human Development Indices'', Table 3: Human and income poverty, p. 35. Retrieved on 1 June 2009
At the local level, the majority of the population still live in strong customary societies and - while social life is overlaid with traditional religious cosmologies and modern practices, including conventional primary education - customary subsistence-based agriculture (Subsistence agriculture) remains fundamental. These societies and clans are explicitly acknowledged within the nation's constitutional framework. The Papua New Guinea Constitution expresses the wish for "traditional villages and communities to remain as viable units of Papua New Guinean society" and for active steps to be taken in their continuing importance to local and national community life.
At the national level, after being ruled by three external powers since 1884, Papua New Guinea established its sovereignty in 1975 following 70 years of Australian administration. It became a separate Commonwealth realm with Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth II) as its head of state (Monarchy of Papua New Guinea) and became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations in its own right.