, to support India's entry into the nuclear club, despite the country's non-violent Gandhian (Gandhism) origins and foreign policy (Foreign relations of India) roots in Nehruvian pacifism. The formula did not see any contradiction between striving for socio-economic progress and considering large-scale military development for a developing nation like India. Indeed, strategic deterrence, in which a small but effective indigenous nuclear arsenal would play a key part, was seen as vital to balancing things out in an unequal world carved up by Cold War geopolitics. Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
. - (User:BanyanTree)Banyan (User:BanyanTree)Tree (User talk:BanyanTree) 15:44, 18 May 2005 (UTC) ** Can't post this item as is. The article has no mention of the "deadly rioting" nor the "harsh criticism from governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan ..." Also, the article Guantánamo Bay Qur'an desecration allegations has a tag on it, making it a poor candidate to get featured on the MainPage. It's a good
Tree 15:44, 18 May 2005 (UTC) ** Can't post this item as is. The article has no mention of the "deadly rioting" nor the "harsh criticism from governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan ..." Also, the article Guantánamo Bay Qur'an desecration allegations has a tag on it, making it a poor candidate to get featured on the MainPage. It's a good topic. Please "clean up" and beef up that article. Thanks. -- User:PFHLai
; ''Fourteen Songs, Two Weddings & A Funeral'' (1998), showing her skills as a romantic comedienne, also to critical acclaim; and in ''River on Fire'' (2000
and named after the 11th century Afghan (Afghanistan) conqueror Mahmud of Ghazni. The missile has a length of 9.64m, diameter of 0.99 m, launch weight of 5256 kg and is powered by a single stage solid fuel rocket motor. http: www.pakdef.info exhibitions ideas2006 index.html It is believed to be based on a Chinese design, the M-11 (NATO reporting name: CSS-7). Missiles of the World http
express trains within the British Empire." During the autumn months between September and December, the train used to depart from the Ballard Pier Mole station. This was for the convenience of the British who arrived in India by steamer. The '''Hatf V''', named '''Ghauri''' ( ), is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) (medium-range ballistic missile) developed by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) of Pakistan. Powered by a single stage liquid fuel rocket motor
was known as Andrei Sakharov's "'''Third Idea'''", first tested in 1955. Similar devices were developed by the United Kingdom, China, and France, though no specific code names are known for their designs. !-- The other nuclear-armed nations, Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea, probably have single-stage weapons, which may employ fusion but not in two-stage Teller–Ulam devices. Claims that Israel, India, and Pakistan have developed two-stage Teller–Ulam devices
2009-10-08 Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification; atheism is extremely rare. ref name
language Pashto : Karachi, Pakistan National Stadium (National Stadium, Karachi) 2008 '''Yasir Ali''' (Urdu: '''یاسر
- by Telegraph UK publisher Telegraph.co.uk date 2009-07-08 accessdate 2010-06-21 location London According to an analysis published by Saban Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings Institution in 2008 Pakistan was the worlds 'most active' state sponsor of terrorism including aiding groups which were considered a direct threat to USA. The Changing Nature
: news.bbc.co.uk 2 hi americas 3481499.stm work BBC News title On the trail of the black market bombs date 2004-02-12 Estimates of Pakistan's stockpile of nuclear warheads vary. The most recent analysis, published in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists in 2010, estimates that Pakistan has 70-90 nuclear warheads. Global nuclear weapons inventories, 1945–2010, Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, July August, 2010. In 2001, the U.S.-based Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) estimated that Pakistan had built 24–48 HEU-based nuclear warheads with HEU reserves for 30-52 additional warheads. Federation of American Scientists Center for Defense Information In 2003, the U.S. Navy Center for Contemporary Conflict estimated that Pakistan possessed between 35 and 95 nuclear warheads, with a median of 60. Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
on Protected areas and the IUCN Taskforce on Transboundary Conservation. He has also been involved in promoting environmental education in madrasahs and using techniques from environmental planning to study the rise of these institutions in his ethnic homeland of Pakistan, under a grant from the United States Institute of Peace. In much of his research efforts, Dr. Ali involves a multi-media component, often involving his students in making video documentaries of their empirical work
forms and poetic style is an influence on generations of young poets. Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
;ref name "EI" Central Asian Sunni Muslim (Islam) dynasty of Turco-Mongol lineage B.F. Manz, ''"Tīmūr Lang"'', in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition, 2006 ''Encyclopædia Britannica'', "Timurid Dynasty", Online Academic Edition, 2007. (Quotation:...''Turkic dynasty descended from the conqueror Timur
'''Pakistan''' ( coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was previously home to several ancient cultures (History of Pakistan#Prehistory), including the Mehrgarh of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks (Indo-Greek Kingdom), Muslims (Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent), Turco-Mongols (Timurid dynasty), Afghan (Afghan (ethnonym))s and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander of Macedonia (Alexander the Great), the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and the British Empire (British Raj). As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent)'s struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of Subcontinent where there was a Muslim majority. Initially a dominion (Dominion of Pakistan), Pakistan adopted a new constitution (Constitution of Pakistan) in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. A civil war (Bangladesh Liberation War) in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh.
Pakistan is a federal (Federation) parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories (Administrative units of Pakistan). It is an ethnically (Ethnic groups in Pakistan) and linguistically (Languages of Pakistan) diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography (Geography of Pakistan) and wildlife (Fauna of Pakistan). A regional (Regional power) and middle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces (List of countries by number of troops) in the world and is also a nuclear power (Nuclear power in Pakistan) as well as a declared nuclear-weapons (List of states with nuclear weapons) state, being the only nation in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia, to have that status. It has a semi-industrialised economy (Economy of Pakistan) with a well-integrated agriculture sector (Agriculture in Pakistan), its economy is the 26th largest (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) in the world in terms of purchasing power and 45th largest (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) in terms of nominal GDP and is also characterized among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world.
The post-independence history of Pakistan has been characterised by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with neighbouring India (Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts). The country continues to face challenging problems, including overpopulation (Human overpopulation), terrorism (Terrorism in Pakistan), poverty (Poverty in Pakistan), illiteracy (Education in Pakistan#Literacy rate), and corruption (Corruption in Pakistan). It ranked 16th on the 2012 Happy Planet Index. Pakistan among top 20 happiest countries, beating India, US: Report It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Next Eleven Economies (Next Eleven), ECO (Economic Cooperation Organisation), UfC (Uniting for Consensus), D8 (Developing Eight), Cairns Group, Kyoto Protocol, ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), RCD (Regional Cooperation for Development), UNCHR, Group of Eleven, CPFTA (China–Pakistan Free Trade Agreement), Group of 24, the G20 developing nations, ECOSOC, founding member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and CERN. Thumbs up: Pakistan meets criteria for CERN