url http: books.google.com books?id sqBjpV9OzcsC&pg PA189 "The era of modernism gave birth to a new renaissance in 1946, with Shaikh Ayaz (1923-97) becoming its torch-bearer." Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
the Taliban as anti-Iranian (Iran–United States relations), anti-Shia (Shia Islam) and pro-Western. Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
Catholic and half Protestant. Adherents.com: By Location All modern Christians in Pakistan are desended from recent converts during British rule; they are not descended from any historical community of Christians from ancient times. Missionaries accompanied colonizing forces from Portugal, France, and Great Britain, and in north western Ancient India (Indian subcontinent), today's Pakistan. Christianity
Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
, Pakistan, New Zealand, Iran, Russia, United Arab Emirates , Malaysia and Vietnam. The TONI&GUY salons in the USA are headed up by Toni's younger brother Bruno Mascolo. It also manufactures many products in the UK including award winning haircare label.m Professional Haircare which includes electrical items. It has a sister salon group essensuals Hairdressing, which is headed up by Toni's eldest son Christian Mascolo and more recently essensuals London
Journal '', and was based in Mumbai, India. He went to Pakistan as part of an investigation into the alleged links between Richard Reid (Richard Reid (terrorist)) (the "shoe bomber") and Al-Qaeda. He was subsequently beheaded (Decapitation) by his captors.time arts article 0,8599,490640,00.html On the Trail of Daniel Pearl Who killed Daniel Pearl? ref
espncricinfo He also had an impressive start to his One-Day International career after picking up three wickets (all three bowled out) with two wickets in his very first over, in his debut against the West Indies at Toronto. <
) generally known as '''MQM''', is a liberal (Liberalism) Commons:Category:Pakistan WikiPedia:Pakistan Dmoz:Regional Asia Pakistan
: www.iangv.org tools-resources statistics.html title Natural Gas Vehicle Statistics: NGV Count - Ranked Numerically as at December 2009 publisher International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles accessdate 2010-04-27 with the Asia-Pacific region leading with 5.7 million NGVs, followed by Latin America with almost 4 million vehicles. The '''Aravalli Range''' literally meaning 'line of peaks', ''The Geography of British India, Political & Physical
and named after the 11th century Afghan (Afghanistan) conqueror Mahmud of Ghazni. The missile has a length of 9.64m, diameter of 0.99 m, launch weight of 5256 kg and is powered by a single stage solid fuel rocket motor. http: www.pakdef.info exhibitions ideas2006 index.html It is believed to be based on a Chinese design, the M-11 (NATO reporting name: CSS-7). Missiles of the World http
express trains within the British Empire." During the autumn months between September and December, the train used to depart from the Ballard Pier Mole station. This was for the convenience of the British who arrived in India by steamer. The '''Hatf V''', named '''Ghauri''' ( ), is a medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) (medium-range ballistic missile) developed by Kahuta Research Laboratories (KRL) of Pakistan. Powered by a single stage liquid fuel rocket motor
was known as Andrei Sakharov's "'''Third Idea'''", first tested in 1955. Similar devices were developed by the United Kingdom, China, and France, though no specific code names are known for their designs. !-- The other nuclear-armed nations, Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea, probably have single-stage weapons, which may employ fusion but not in two-stage Teller–Ulam devices. Claims that Israel, India, and Pakistan have developed two-stage Teller–Ulam devices
'''Pakistan''' ( coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a marine border with Oman.
The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was previously home to several ancient cultures (History of Pakistan#Prehistory), including the Mehrgarh of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks (Indo-Greek Kingdom), Muslims (Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent), Turco-Mongols (Timurid dynasty), Afghan (Afghan (ethnonym))s and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander of Macedonia (Alexander the Great), the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and the British Empire (British Raj). As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the subcontinent (Indian Subcontinent)'s struggle for independence, Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of Subcontinent where there was a Muslim majority. Initially a dominion (Dominion of Pakistan), Pakistan adopted a new constitution (Constitution of Pakistan) in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. A civil war (Bangladesh Liberation War) in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh.
Pakistan is a federal (Federation) parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories (Administrative units of Pakistan). It is an ethnically (Ethnic groups in Pakistan) and linguistically (Languages of Pakistan) diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography (Geography of Pakistan) and wildlife (Fauna of Pakistan). A regional (Regional power) and middle power, Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces (List of countries by number of troops) in the world and is also a nuclear power (Nuclear power in Pakistan) as well as a declared nuclear-weapons (List of states with nuclear weapons) state, being the only nation in the Muslim world, and the second in South Asia, to have that status. It has a semi-industrialised economy (Economy of Pakistan) with a well-integrated agriculture sector (Agriculture in Pakistan), its economy is the 26th largest (List of countries by GDP (PPP)) in the world in terms of purchasing power and 45th largest (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) in terms of nominal GDP and is also characterized among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world.
The post-independence history of Pakistan has been characterised by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with neighbouring India (Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts). The country continues to face challenging problems, including overpopulation (Human overpopulation), terrorism (Terrorism in Pakistan), poverty (Poverty in Pakistan), illiteracy (Education in Pakistan#Literacy rate), and corruption (Corruption in Pakistan). It ranked 16th on the 2012 Happy Planet Index. Pakistan among top 20 happiest countries, beating India, US: Report It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Next Eleven Economies (Next Eleven), ECO (Economic Cooperation Organisation), UfC (Uniting for Consensus), D8 (Developing Eight), Cairns Group, Kyoto Protocol, ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights), RCD (Regional Cooperation for Development), UNCHR, Group of Eleven, CPFTA (China–Pakistan Free Trade Agreement), Group of 24, the G20 developing nations, ECOSOC, founding member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) and CERN. Thumbs up: Pakistan meets criteria for CERN