Oulu

What is Oulu known for?


wide scale

"living labs", where residents experiment with new technology (such as NFC tags and ubi (Ubiquitous computing)-screens) at a community-wide scale. History Oulu was founded on April 9, 1605, by King Charles IX of Sweden opposite the fort built on the island of Linnansaari


large main

, but in America, where there is no official Lutheran church, they founded their own denomination, which split into several sub-groups in the mid-20th Century. Because of doctrinal opinion differences and personality conflicts, the movement split into 19 branches, of which about 15 are active today. The three large main branches are Conservative Laestadianism (corresponds to the Laestadian Lutheran Church, in North America known to other Laestadians as the "Heidemans" after 20th Century leader Paul A. Heideman); the Firstborn (The Firstborn Laestadianism) (in North America, "Old Apostolic Lutheran Church" ("Esikoinens" to other Laestadian denominations); and the ''Rauhan Sana'' ("the Word of Peace") group, known in the USA and Canada as the Apostolic Lutheran Church of America (to other Laestadians, the Michelsons after 20th Century leader Andrew Michelson). These comprise about 90 percent of Laestadians. Other branches are small and some of them inactive. In Finland, the ''Elämän Sana'' ("the Word of life") group, as the most "mainline (Mainline (Protestant))" of the different branches of Laestadianism, has been prominent within the hierarchy of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland: Two members have been elected bishops of Oulu, and one has served as Field Bishop (head chaplain of the Finnish Defence Forces and the equivalent of a Major General). Equipment and technology thumb 150px Birders using a tower hide to gain views over foreground vegetation. Bay of Liminka, south of Oulu (Image:Birdwatchers Liminka Bay 2006 04 14.JPG), Finland. Equipment commonly used for birding includes binoculars, a spotting scope with tripod (Tripod (photography)), a notepad, and one or more field guides. Hides (known as ''blinds'' in North America) or observation towers are often used to conceal the observers from birds, and or to improve viewing conditions. Over the years optics manufacturers have learned that birding binoculars sell, and virtually all have specific binoculars for just that. Some have even geared their whole brand to birders. Alta is twinned (town twinning) with: * commons:Oulu


partnership

, Hungary ''(since 1978)'' Partnership & Twinning Cities In addition Oulu has eight 'Partnership & Twinning cities': ref

class "wikitable" - valign "top" * Sendai, Japan (since 2005) ref name "Oulu Partnership and twinning cities" >

; * Ilembula, Tanzania International municipal projects The educational department takes part


popular team

Championships in Athletics 1971, 1994 and 2012 etc. Helsinki hosts fairly successful local teams in both of the most popular team sports in Finland, football (association football), ice hockey and synchronized skating. Helsinki houses Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi (HJK), Finland's largest and most successful football club. Helsinki's track and field club Helsingin Kisa-Veikot is also pretty dominant in Finland. Ice Hockey is a sport of passion for many Helsinki residents, who usually take a stance for either of the local clubs IFK Helsingfors (HIFK (ice hockey)) (HIFK) or Jokerit. HIFK, with 14 Finnish championships titles, also plays in the highest bandy division, Video from the Finnish final 2009 against OLS from Oulu: Youtube.com so does Botnia −69. The Olympic stadium hosted the 1st ever Bandy World Championships in 1957. Video from the tournament * Italy recognised Finland's independence on June 27, 1919. * Italy is represented in Finland through its embassy in Helsinki and its honorary consulates in Hanko, Jyväskylä, Kotka, Kuopio, Oulu, Pori, Rovaniemi, Tampere, Turku and Vaasa. Italian Embassy in Helsinki * Finland has an embassy in Rome, two honorary consulate generals in Milan and Turin and other honorary consulates in Genoa, Bari, Cagliari, Catania, Florence, Livorno, Messina, Naples, Palermo, Rimini, Trieste and Venice. Finnish Embassy in Rome *1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally *1882 – Oulu, Finland is devastated by the Great Oulu Fire of 1882 *1889 – North (North Dakota) and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states. commons:Oulu


genre black

origin Oulu, Finland genre Black metal - valign "top" Oulu Oulunsalo Northern Ostrobothnia Castrén was born at Tervola, in Northern Finland, on the 20th of November (2 December 1813). His father, Christian Castrén, parish minister at Rovaniemi, died in 1825; and Alexander passed under the protection of his uncle, Matthias Castrén, the kindly and learned incumbent of Kemi. At the age of twelve he was sent to school


world speed

on the Laajavuori stage of the 2010 Rally Finland. In early 2007, Kankkunen set a new world speed record on ice in his privately owned Bentley Continental GT on the frozen Gulf of Bothnia near Oulu, Finland. He averaged commons:Oulu


speaking quot

Fredrika Runeberg, née Tengström, with whom he had eight children and who wrote poems and novels, too. Finnish-speaking inhabitants". Borrowing of Place Names in the Uralian Languages, edited by Ritva Liisa Pitkänen and Janne Saarikivi As a result, the originally unilingual Swedish-speaking coastal regions in the province of Uusimaa were cut into two parts. There was a smaller migration in the opposite direction, and a few Swedish-speaking "islands" emerged


successful football

Championships in Athletics 1971, 1994 and 2012 etc. Helsinki hosts fairly successful local teams in both of the most popular team sports in Finland, football (association football), ice hockey and synchronized skating. Helsinki houses Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi (HJK), Finland's largest and most successful football club. Helsinki's track and field club Helsingin Kisa-Veikot is also pretty dominant in Finland. Ice Hockey is a sport of passion for many Helsinki residents, who usually take


performance art

February 2009 url http: www.hs.fi kirjat artikkeli Paluu+1980-luvun+Big+Brother+-taloon HS20090219SI1KU01emy However the young students overshot expectations by staging a performance art piece in which they cut themselves to bleed, smeared each other with excrement, and crucified and whipped one of their number. The group, called "Jumalan Teatteri" (The Theatre Of God) in a direct reference to Antonin Artaud, also hurled excrement at the audience, resulting in well-publicised laundry bills and court cases for the recompense for same. commons:Oulu


developing architecture

their main campuses located in Oulu. Oulu is home to the most northerly architecture school in the world. The school is best known for its strong regionalistic ideas for developing architecture. This movement is named "the Oulu school" ("Oulun koulu") of architecture. Oulu Vocational College has over 13 000 students. It houses several different study subjects in different units which are spread over Oulu and neighbouring municipalities. Oulu

Oulu

'''Oulu''' (pronounced

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