Petrovich Gelʹmersen. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss des russischen Reiches und der angränzenden Länder Asiens". Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1839. p. 91. On Google Books R.M. Martin in 1847 mentions "Tungani" merchants in Yarkand (Yarkent County). Robert Montgomery Martin, "China; political, commercial, and social; an official report". 1847. p.19.
200px The main settlement area of the Bashkirs in the late 18th century extends over the Kama, Volga, Samara and Tobol Rivers File:Zerrspiegel-Taifurchi-shooting-exercises-i125.png.jpeg thumb left Caption: "Shooting exercises of ''taifurchi'' gunners . Dungans and Kashgar Chinese". A French engraving from the Yaqub Beg's state period In English and German, the ethnonym "Dungan", in various spelling forms, was attested as early as 1830s, sometimes typically referring to the Hui people of Xinjiang. For example, James Prinsep in 1835 mentions Muslim "Túngánis" in "Chinese Tartary". James Prinsep, "Memoir on Chinese Tartary and Khoten". The Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, No. 48, December 1835. P. 655.On Google Books Prinsep's article is also available in "The Chinese Repository", 1843, p. 234 On Google Books. A modern (2003) reprint is available, ISBN 1-4021-5631-6. In 1839, Karl Ernst von Baer in his German-language account of Russian Empire and adjacent Asian lands has a one-page account of Chinese-speaking Muslim "Dungani" or "Tungani", who had visited Orenburg in 1827 with a caravan from China; he also mentions "Tugean" as a spelling variant used by other authors. Karl Ernst von Baer, Grigoriĭ Petrovich Gelʹmersen. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss des russischen Reiches und der angränzenden Länder Asiens". Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1839. p. 91. On Google Books Wikipedia:Orenburg
to support the Kazakh (Kazakhs) tribes on the borders of the Aral Sea against the Khanate of Khiva. He did duty on the staff of the Army of the Caucasus for a time, and returned to Orenburg as Chief of Staff. Construction history The idea of a railway between Siberia and Russian Turkestan was aired as early as 1886, but it was supplanted by that of a more practicable line (Tashkent Railway) between Tashkent and Orenburg in the Urals. On 15 October 1896 the Almaty
. The industrial activity declined in the early 19th century due to the crisis of the feudal system in Russia, and the growth slowed down in all areas except for the gold mining. The largest industrial and commercial centers were Perm, Yekaterinburg, Orenburg, Ufa, Kungur and Irbit. Irbit hosted the biggest fair of the Urals. In the 1840s, regular commercial navigation started on the Kama River. caption birth_place Orenburg, Russia death_place
?st_id 1105 1 publisher Svali.ru language Russian date 16 May 2007 accessdate 2007-08-06 Rostropovich was of mostly ethnic Russian (Russians) ancestry; his father, Leopold Vitoldovich Rostropovich, was also partly of Belarusian (Belarusians)-Polish noble (Polish nobility) descent.
was of mostly ethnic Russian (Russians) ancestry; his father, Leopold Vitoldovich Rostropovich, was also partly of Belarusian (Belarusians)-Polish noble (Polish nobility) descent. That part of his family bore the Bogorya coat of arms, which
the Army Reserve and the base for the formation of regular military detachments. Povilas Plechavičius was born February 1, 1890, in present day Mažeikiai district municipality to Lithuanian farmer Ignas Plechavičius.
at the beginning of February 1941. After that, the factory began retooling to produce the new and much more complex T-50 (T-50 tank) light tank. This work was slowed by delays in the delivery of new equipment and series production of the T-50 did not begin on schedule (planned for June 1 st 1941). As a result, factory management decided to resume the production of the T-26, using T-26 hulls, turrets, and other parts already in stock. About 47 T-26 tanks were assembled and 77 were repaired in July–August 1941 before the factory was relocated from Leningrad (Saint Petersburg) to Chelyabinsk in the end of August 1941, and then to Chkalov (Orenburg) in the end of September 1941. In addition, the Factory No. 174 produced engines and spare parts for the T-26, installed additional armour plates on some T-26s, replaced flame-throwers with 45 mm tank guns in turrets of 130 KhT-133 (T-26 variants) flame-throwing tanks, repaired tanks in army units (846 T-26s since the beginning of 1941) and mounted about 75 turrets from the T-26 and the T-50 as bunkers for the defense of Leningrad. Kolomiets (2007), pp. 64-65 Bus stations There are two bus stations in Kazan — Central and Southern. Bus routes connect Kazan with all districts of Tatarstan, Samara (Samara, Russia), Ufa, Tolyatti, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Cheboksary, Sterlitamak, Buzuluk, Baki and Aktobe. It is planned to build new stations in the East, West and North districts instead of Central for relieving city centre. Highways There are federal highway connections to Moscow and Ufa (E-22 (European route E22)), Orenburg (R-239), Ul'yanovsk (R-241) and Igra (R-242). There are also R-175 federal highway and «Northern Europe — Western China» (in construction) route near the city. He was born in Villa Clara (Villa Clara, Entre Ríos), Entre Ríos (Entre Ríos Province), Argentina, because of the constant journeys of his father, a Lithuanian doctor (Physician) of Jewish origin. Joseph Kessel lived the first years of his childhood in Orenburg, Russia, before the family moved to France. He studied in Nice and Paris, and took part in the First World War as an aviator. The Ural River rises nearby the Mount Kruglayain in the Ural Mountains , flows south parallel and west of the north-flowing Tobol River, through Magnitogorsk, and around the southern end of the Urals, through Orsk where it turns west for about 300 km, to Orenburg, when the Sakmara River joins. From Orenburg it continues west, passing into Kazakhstan, then turning south again at Oral (Oral, Kazakhstan), and meandering through a broad flat plain until it reaches the Caspian a few miles below Atyrau, where it forms a fine digitate delta (River deltas#River-dominated deltas) at ( Wikipedia:Orenburg
lacy design, knitted by hand shawls and cobweb-like kerchiefs (pautinkas), is not only warm, but also is used for decorative purposes. Architecture A famous boulevard on the embankment of the Ural River is one of the most notable places in Orenburg. Orenburg TV Tower is a guyed mast of unusual design. It is a Wikipedia:Orenburg
Student Musa Cälil, Moscow, 1929 Musa Cälil was born in Mustafino, a village in the Orenburg guberniya in the family of Junkman. He graduated ''Xösäyeniä'' co-spelled ''Husainiya'' madrassah in Orenburg. His first published works were revolutionary verses. The Turkic poetic tradition of ''aruz'' traced in Cälil's early works, which attributed to ''Ghisyanism'', a style of revolt, found in the Tatar poetry of early 1920s. In 1919, he
first published works were revolutionary verses. The Turkic poetic tradition of ''aruz'' traced in Cälil's early works, which attributed to ''Ghisyanism'', a style of revolt, found in the Tatar poetry of early 1920s. In 1919, he entered the underground Komsomol cell of Orenburg, which was under the control Whites (White movement) that time. Then, Musa participated in the Russian Civil War against pro-White gangs, but due to his nonage he didn't fight at the front
, Moscow, 1929 Musa Cälil was born in Mustafino, a village in the Orenburg guberniya in the family of Junkman. He graduated ''Xösäyeniä'' co-spelled ''Husainiya'' madrassah in Orenburg. His first published works were revolutionary verses. The Turkic poetic tradition of ''aruz'' traced in Cälil's early works, which attributed to ''Ghisyanism'', a style of revolt, found in the Tatar poetry of early 1920s. In 1919, he entered