Ocotlán de Morelos

What is Ocotlán de Morelos known for?


current construction

camped here for three days on his way to Acapulco. Ocotlan was officially declared a town in 1875. In 1916, forces loyal to Venustiano Carranza successfully defended the town from an attack led by General Macario Hernandez. Ocotlan was officially declared a city in 1926. Since the Mexican Revolution, the city has been mostly quiet but the current construction of a superhighway linking the city of Oaxaca has been bringing changes to the area. The road called Camino Real a San Juan was recently paved, and event that drew the attendance of the governor of Oaxaca. Other newly paved roads include Calle Industria, Calle Francisco Villa and Calle Ayuntamiento. The new paving is meant to relieve traffic congestion on the roads to Ejutla de Crespo and the city of Oaxaca by providing alternate routes for current and future traffic. In 2006, the social uprisings that affected much of Oaxaca (2006 Oaxaca protests) affected Ocotlán. Much of the social unrest centered around the mines that are located in the municipality and consequences continue to this day. A mining labor leader from the area, Napolean Gomez Urrutia, living in Vancouver, is seeking asylum in Canada after the Mexican government asked for his extradition. He is accused of fraud, criminal associated and other offences associated with the social uprisings. Before he left for Canada, Gomez Urrutia was demanding an investigation into the deaths of 65 workers at a coal mine in the area. Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca Category:Mexican potters Category:Mexican art Category:History of ceramics - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) - - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) -


work shows

. In the 1950s, Morales was commissioned to do the mural work in the municipal palace of Ocotlan, painting it with historical and current scenes related to the municipality. Much of this mural work shows similarities to mural work done by Diego Rivera. Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca Category:Mexican potters Category:Mexican art Category:History of ceramics - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) - - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) -


site called

left Hall on upper level of the former monastery The ethnicity of the first populations of this area is not known, but one of the earliest settlements is a site called Tortolita, located two km from the modern town center. When the Spanish arrived, the settlement had about 2,000 inhabitants, which is why the monastery was eventually founded here.


works

various works in Ocotlan de Morelos The city is known for artist Rodolfo Morales, who painted aspects of his hometown in his works and sponsored projects to save and restore historic monuments here. For generations the municipality has been known for its crafts, with the ceramics (ceramic art) making Aguilar family producing some of the best known craftsmen.

''Santo'' of Saint John, from the Chapel of the Señor de la Sacristia After it was no longer used as a monastery, the complex has several uses, including that of a prison, where inmates made crafts. In the latter 20th century, the Rodolfo Morales Foundation restored and converted the monastery space into a museum, which contains one room with works by Morales, one room with Oaxaca crafts and one room with artwork from the colonial period. There are also sound and book libraries

thumb 150px Shrine to Morales at entrance to museum monastery (File:MorelosShrineOcotlanMonastery.JPG) The town is intimately linked with the life of painter Rodolfo Morales. He has depicted it in his works and has worked to save many of its historic and architectural treasures. The artist's work is devoted to images from this hometown, including local churches, indigenous women, religious procession and others.


working early

prematurely at the age of 44. Before she died, she taught potting to her children Josefina, Guillermina, Irene, Concepción and Jesús. Due to their mother's death, the children began working early, with Josefina being only seven. Poverty prevented the children from attending school. Like their mother, they began and mostly made pots and other kitchen utensils but they also worked to develop clay figures. Over time, these siblings became renowned


family+producing

various works in Ocotlan de Morelos The city is known for artist Rodolfo Morales, who painted aspects of his hometown in his works and sponsored projects to save and restore historic monuments here. For generations the municipality has been known for its crafts, with the ceramics (ceramic art) making Aguilar family producing some of the best known craftsmen. Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca Category:Mexican potters Category:Mexican art Category:History of ceramics - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) - - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) -


important tradition

take place on the main square of the town with live music and regional food, especially tamales and atole. The feast of the Señor de la Sacristia is celebrated on the third Sunday in May. One old tradition that is still maintained is a dancing procession to bring the bride and groom their wedding gifts to their new home. However, the most important tradition is the weekly Friday market day (tianguis), which is one of the oldest and largest in the Central Valleys region of Oaxaca. Produce and products from surrounding towns are available as well as manufactured products. Market day is not just buying and selling for rural and indigenous communities, it is a festive ritual which has been held regularly for thousands of years, attracting both locals and families from small outlying villages to both buy and sell. It is an opportunity for many to socialize with distant neighbors. Market day begins very early for both residents and those who travel to the town to sell. Many products such as plants, flowers, fruit, lime (lime (material)) for tortillas, live animals, fabric, ceramics, baskets, knives, saddles, hats, rope, alebrijes, traditional footwear and drinks such as mezcal and tejate. Many of the products are the crafts produced by other towns in the Central Valleys region of Oaxaca, such as textiles of Jalietza, and San Antonino Castillo Velasco and the alebrijes of San Martín Tilcajete. Prepared regional specialties are also offered here and the adjacent permanent municipal market. Some of the traditional foods here include several types of mole (mole (sauce)) (negro, rojo, Amarillo, coloradito and more), chichilo, tasajo, tamales in banana leaves and tacos with chapulines (fried grasshoppers). Another favorite is ice cream in flavors such as nut, cactus fruit (opuntia), guanabana, horchata and others. Sweet breads such as "mamones" "rosquitas" "marquezotes" and coconut tortillas are popular as well. Most of the food products are locally made, including chapulines, animal crackers made with piloncillo and ice cream. The eighth campus of the Nova Universitas University, part of the SUNEO system, was inaugurated by Oaxaca governor Ulises Ruiz Ortiz in the city. The college focuses on providing educational opportunities to indigenous populations. Professors give classes both in person at the campus and provide distance learning through big screens in remote classrooms with special monitors to allow student-teacher dialogue. The distance learning scheme allows students in Ocotlan to study with professors from other parts of the state and even attend classes offered in foreign countries. The first degrees offered are Computer Science and Agricultural Science. The school also offered adult and remedial education. Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca Category:Mexican potters Category:Mexican art Category:History of ceramics - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) - - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) -


quot large

the colonial period the area was known as Santo Domingo Ocotlán due to the Dominican friars who created a monastery here dedicated to Saint Dominic. The Zapotec (Zapotec languages) name for the area is "Lachiroo" which means "large valley" although some Zapotecs in the Tlacolula (Tlacolula de Matamoros) area called it "Guelache" which means "plaza of the valley". History File:HallOcotlanLibrary.JPG thumb


agricultural science

. The first degrees offered are Computer Science and Agricultural Science. The school also offered adult and remedial education.


national art

for their fanciful painted clay figures that celebrate everyday life. Today, these siblings still work and much of the third generation are craftsmen as well. Some, such as Demetrio Garcia Aguilar, are making a name for themselves as well. Josefina Aguilar has been noted for her ceramic work since 1977 when she won the third Premio Nacional de Arte (National Art Prize) in 1977. Later, she would win statewide and other nationwide honors and would show her work internationally in places such as the United States and Europe, and her work can be found around the world. Guillermina Aguilar Alcantara is known for her nativity scenes, wedding scenes, candle sticks and other works done in clay. She and her sister Irene have also won a number of awards and has exported her wears to over a dozen countries. Much of this exporting success was due to a grant by Fomento Cultural Banamex which allowed the family operation to purchase shipping equipment. Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca Category:Mexican potters Category:Mexican art Category:History of ceramics - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) - - 072 Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán de Morelos Ocotlán (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) -

Ocotlán de Morelos

'''Ocotlán de Morelos''' is a town and municipality (Municipalities of Mexico) in the state of Oaxaca, about 35 km south of the center of the city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) along Highway 175. It is part of the Ocotlán District (Ocotlán District, Oaxaca) in the south of the Valles Centrales Region (Valles Centrales de Oaxaca).

The name Ocotlan is from Nahuatl and means "among the ocote trees" with the appendage "de Morelos" added in honor of José María Morelos y Pavón. During the colonial period the area was known as Santo Domingo Ocotlán due to the Dominican friars who created a monastery here dedicated to Saint Dominic. The Zapotec (Zapotec languages) name for the area is "Lachiroo" which means "large valley" although some Zapotecs in the Tlacolula (Tlacolula de Matamoros) area called it "Guelache" which means "plaza of the valley".

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