Oaxaca, Oaxaca

What is Oaxaca, Oaxaca known for?


military position

for thousands of years, especially in connection with the important ancient centers of Monte Albán and Mitla, which are close to modern Oaxaca city. The Aztecs entered the valley in 1440 and named it "Huaxyacac," a Nahuatl phrase meaning "among the huaje" (Leucaena leucocephala) trees. A strategic military position was created here, at what is now called the Cerro (large hill) del Fortín to keep an eye on the Zapotec capital


programs+breaking

. , USA (United States), and supported the Mexican Revolution of 1910 headed by Francisco I. Madero. When Madero was democratically elected president of Mexico, Vasconcelos led a structural change at the National Preparatory School, where he changed the scholar programs, breaking with the positivistic (positivism) influence. After Madero's assassination, promoted by the US ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, Vasconcelos organized a democratic movement in order to defeat the military regime of Victoriano Huerta. Soon after, he was exiled in Paris, where he met Julio Torri, Doctor Atl, Gabriele D'Annunzio and other intellectuals and artists of that time. thumb left Bust at the Instituto Campechano. (File:Vasconcelos en el Instituto Campechano - busto.jpg) DATE OF BIRTH 1882-02-28 PLACE OF BIRTH Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico DATE OF DEATH 1959-06-30 *172 (Mexican Federal Highway 172): Minatitlán (Minatitlán, Veracruz), VER - Coatzacoalcos, VER *175 (Mexican Federal Highway 175): Buenavista (Buenavista, Veracruz), VER - Tuxtepec, OAX; Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Puerto Ángel, OAX *176 (Mexican Federal Highway 176): Cansahcab, YUC - Tizimín, YUC *188 (Mexican Federal Highway 188): Haltunchén, CAM - San Antonio Cayal, CAM *190 (Mexican Federal Highway 190): Puebla (Puebla, Puebla), PUE - Huajuapan de León, OAX - Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Tehuantepec, OAX - La Ventosa, OAX - Tapanatepec, OAX - Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - Ciudad Cuauhtémoc (Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, Chiapas), CHIS *190D (Mexican Federal Highway 190D): Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - San Cristóbal de las Casas, CHIS *Domestic scheduled destinations: Cancún, Chetumal, Cozumel, Huatulco, Ixtapa Zihuatanejo (Zihuatanejo), Mazatlán, Mérida (Mérida, Yucatán), Mexico City, Monterrey, Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz) and Villahermosa. '''El Árbol del Tule''' (Spanish (Spanish language) for '''The Tree of Tule''') is a tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa María del Tule in the Mexican state (States of Mexico) of Oaxaca, approximately 9 km east of the city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) on the road to Mitla. It is a Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) (''Taxodium mucronatum''), or ''ahuehuete'' (meaning "old man of the water" in Nahuatl). It has the stout (wikt:stout)est trunk (trunk (botany)) of any tree in the world. In 2001 it was placed on a UNESCO tentative list of World Heritage Sites. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


scenes depicting

, and helicopters. The diversity of the figures is due to a segmented market both in Mexico and abroad which rewards novelty and specialization. In a number of cases, carvings return to images from Mexican culture such as angels, saints, and Virgins (Virgin Mary), which will have somber faces even if they are painted in very bright colors. Devils and skeletons are often parts of more festive scenes depicting them, for example, riding dogs and drinking. Foreign customers demand more creative figures with little repetition. Prices abroad range from between three to five times the retail price in Oaxaca, with a median of $100 USD, with lowest usually around $10 and highest around $2,000. One of the most expensive pieces sold from a carving village occurred in 1995, when a doctor from Mexico City paid Isidro Cruz of Tilcajete the equivalent of $3000 USD for a piece entitled “Carousel of the Americas.” This piece took Cruz three months to complete. Life Vasconcelos was born in Oaxaca, Oaxaca. He lived in Piedras Negras, Coahuila, while attending school in Eagle Pass, Texas. He married Serafina Miranda of Tlaxiaco in the state of Oaxaca (Oaxaca) in 1906. After graduating as a lawyer from the Escuela de Jurisprudencia in Mexico City (1905), he represented the Anti-Reelection Club in Washington, D.C., USA (United States), and supported the Mexican Revolution of 1910 headed by Francisco I. Madero. When Madero was democratically elected president of Mexico, Vasconcelos led a structural change at the National Preparatory School, where he changed the scholar programs, breaking with the positivistic (positivism) influence. After Madero's assassination, promoted by the US ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, Vasconcelos organized a democratic movement in order to defeat the military regime of Victoriano Huerta. Soon after, he was exiled in Paris, where he met Julio Torri, Doctor Atl, Gabriele D'Annunzio and other intellectuals and artists of that time. thumb left Bust at the Instituto Campechano. (File:Vasconcelos en el Instituto Campechano - busto.jpg) DATE OF BIRTH 1882-02-28 PLACE OF BIRTH Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico DATE OF DEATH 1959-06-30 *172 (Mexican Federal Highway 172): Minatitlán (Minatitlán, Veracruz), VER - Coatzacoalcos, VER *175 (Mexican Federal Highway 175): Buenavista (Buenavista, Veracruz), VER - Tuxtepec, OAX; Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Puerto Ángel, OAX *176 (Mexican Federal Highway 176): Cansahcab, YUC - Tizimín, YUC *188 (Mexican Federal Highway 188): Haltunchén, CAM - San Antonio Cayal, CAM *190 (Mexican Federal Highway 190): Puebla (Puebla, Puebla), PUE - Huajuapan de León, OAX - Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Tehuantepec, OAX - La Ventosa, OAX - Tapanatepec, OAX - Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - Ciudad Cuauhtémoc (Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, Chiapas), CHIS *190D (Mexican Federal Highway 190D): Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - San Cristóbal de las Casas, CHIS *Domestic scheduled destinations: Cancún, Chetumal, Cozumel, Huatulco, Ixtapa Zihuatanejo (Zihuatanejo), Mazatlán, Mérida (Mérida, Yucatán), Mexico City, Monterrey, Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz) and Villahermosa. '''El Árbol del Tule''' (Spanish (Spanish language) for '''The Tree of Tule''') is a tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa María del Tule in the Mexican state (States of Mexico) of Oaxaca, approximately 9 km east of the city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) on the road to Mitla. It is a Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) (''Taxodium mucronatum''), or ''ahuehuete'' (meaning "old man of the water" in Nahuatl). It has the stout (wikt:stout)est trunk (trunk (botany)) of any tree in the world. In 2001 it was placed on a UNESCO tentative list of World Heritage Sites. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


main buildings

Yvonne Lopez Ayuso , singer *Maria Sabina, shaman *Carlos María de Bustamante, statesman *Ritchie Ortiz Juárez, Actor Education right thumb One of the main buildings on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (Image:Rectoria, Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca.jpg) In terms of institutions of higher education Oaxaca has several universities. Oaxaca is the site of the '''Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca''', which has buildings in various parts of the city. The most visible building is the Edificio Central de la Universidad (Central Building of the University), which is located in the historic downtown. It is in a building that originally housed the Sciences Institute. It was constructed between 1899 and 1901, in the European Romantic style that was popular for academic institutions at that time. However, indigenous touches, such as the crest (crest (heraldry))ing over the portal, can be seen as well. This building houses the Department of Law and Social Studies as well as the gymnasium. Additionally, the Universidad de Mesoamérica has locations in the city. The Universidad Anáhuac Oaxaca was opened in 2000. Transportation Oaxaca-Xoxocotlan airport (Xoxocotlán International Airport) (IATA code OAX) is approximately 7 km south of the city centre. Most flights are to Mexico City for onward connection, but there are also flights to Huatulco, Cancún, Tuxtla Gutierrez and Tijuana. United Airlines has flights between Oaxaca and Houston (Houston, Texas). The city has separate first class and second class bus stations, offering services to most places within the state of Oaxaca, including the coastal resorts of Huatulco, Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Puerto Ángel and Pinotepa Nacional, and also long-distance services to Puebla (Puebla (city)) and Mexico City and other Mexican locations such as Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz). There are several bus lines which run in Oaxaca. The largest is TUSUG, a type of "cooperative" company. All of the drivers own their own buses and are aided by other drivers in purchasing new buses. The major highways serving Oaxaca are Federal Highways 175 and 131 (Mexican Federal Highway), southwards to the Oaxacan coastal resorts; National Highways 190 and 125, southwest to Pinotepa Nacional; National Highways 190 and 130, to Mexico City; the autopista (List of Mexican autopistas) 150D 131D, offering a more rapid route to Mexico City; and National Highway 175 north to Veracruz, Veracruz. Surrounding towns A number of small towns surround the main city and are closely linked economically and culturally with the main city. Some of these towns are known for producing certain crafts that are identified with the three central valleys of Oaxaca. In these towns one can see the workshops and the crafts being produced in the traditional manner although most of these towns' products are sold in the main city. Santa María Atzompa produces glazed, glass-inlaid pottery of green, while San Antonio Arrazola and San Martín Tilcajete make alebrijes, small painted wooden figures. San Bartolo Coyotepec is known for its barro negro pottery, and Teotitlán del Valle works with wool and llama to make tapetes, or more commonly, throw rugs. These rugs are known for their intense colors, made traditionally with natural dyes, made from cempasúchil (yellow), cochineal (red) and indigo (blue). In addition, Oaxaca city and surrounding towns have market days, where one can visit the tianguis (open-air markets) set up for that day. There are markets on each day of the week. Monday in Miahuatlan (Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz) is for buying daily staples, and Tuesday, in Ayoquezco (Ayoquezco de Aldama) is noted for wood furniture. On Wednesday, people head to Etla (Villa de Etla) and Zimatlán (Zimatlán de Alvarez) for dairy products, especially cheese. Thursday is reserved for the two largest ''tianguis'' in Ejutla (Ejutla de Crespo) and Villa de Zaachila. On Friday, in Coyotepec, Jalietza and Ocotlán (Ocotlán (Oaxaca)) cotton textiles, embroidered blouses, corn-husk flowers and glazed pottery from Atzompa are sold. Also Llano park in Oaxaca has a small market. Saturday is reserved for the main city of Oaxaca, and to finish, on Sunday mezcal is sold in Tlacolula (Tlacolula de Matamoros). Municipality of Oaxaca As municipal seat, Oaxaca city has governmental jurisdiction over the following communities: Arbolada Ilusión, Camino a San Luis Beltrán, Camino Ancho, Casas del Sol, Colonia Buena Vista, El Bajío (Rancho Guadalupe Victoria), El Silencio, Entrada de el Silencio, Gloria Antonio Cruz, Guadalupe Victoria, Guadalupe Victoria Segunda Sección (La Mina), Lachigulera, Las Salinas (El Arco Grande), Loma Bonita, Lomas Panorámicas, Los Ángeles, Los Ángeles Uno, Miravalle, Paraje Caballetiyo, Paraje el Cerrito, Paraje el Pando, Paraje la Canoa, Paraje la Loma, Paraje la Mina, Paraje la Rabonera, Paraje Pio V (Ojito de Agua), Paraje Tierra Colorada, Pueblo Nuevo Parte Alta, Rancho el Chilar, Rancho los Girasoles, San Bernardo, Solidaridad, and Viguera The municipality has a total area of 85.48 km2 and a population of 265,006, 97% percent of which lives in the city of Oaxaca ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


religious buildings

; Churches and religious buildings thumb Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption (File:FrontOaxacaMainCathedral.jpg) The Catedral de Oaxaca, also referred to as '''Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption''', is the third to be built as the first two were destroyed by large earthquakes in the 16th and 18th centuries. Construction of this third church began in 1702 and it was consecrated in 1733. Its facade is made of the green cantera (stone

; The '''Museum of Contemporary Art''' (Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de Oaxaca, MACO) is housed in the so-called Casa de Cortés. It is one of the oldest buildings in the city and one of the most representative of non-religious buildings. However, since it dates from after the death of Hernán Cortés, it could never actually have served as his house. Although it has been modified somewhat over the years, it still conserves


advertising quot

name "mniches" Foreign customers demand more creative figures with little repetition. Prices abroad range from between three to five times the retail price in Oaxaca, with a median of $100 USD, with lowest usually around $10 and highest around $2,000. One of the most expensive pieces sold from a carving village occurred in 1995, when a doctor from Mexico City paid Isidro Cruz of Tilcajete the equivalent of $3000 USD for a piece entitled


including art

del Fortín. It is part of the area bounded by the Basilica de la Soledad and the Church of San José. The Plaza de la Danza was constructed in 1959 by Eduardo Vasconcelos to hold the annual Bani-Stui-Gulal (representation of antiquity) dance, held one day before the festival of the Guelaguetza. The Plaza also hosts other cultural events including art shows, concerts and political rallies The Socrates Garden is the old atrium of the Basilica de la Soledad converted into a public park in 1881


interest work

; The 2006 Oaxaca protests began as a teachers’ protest, occupying the main square, or Zocalo, of Oaxaca city in May 2006. Increases in wages and employment benefits were announced a short time later, but an internal conflict in the local teachers’ union led to accusations that the bargaining had not really been in the teachers’ best interest. Work stoppage and occupation of the square continued from May 22 to June 1. At this point, radical groups joined in with the protest and the disorder grew, closing banks, access roads, the airport, access to stores and harassing the governor of the state in public appearances. Many of these groups merged with the teachers’ union to form the Popular Assembly of the People of Oaxaca (APPO) (APPO). The disruption turned into a siege that lasted five months. Violence included the deaths of a number of people including Indymedia journalist Bradley Roland Will on October 27, 2006 ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


building complex

Templo de Santo Domingo de Guzmán ) is a baroque ecclesiastical building complex in Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico. The complex includes a substantial sanctuary and an extensive system of courtyards, cloisters and rooms that formerly constituted the monastery. Following the death of Father Hidalgo, the leadership of the revolutionary army was assumed by José María Morelos. Under his leadership the cities of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) and Acapulco were


cultural event

. This park has become a place for artists and artisans to display their wares. Festivals and traditions Guelaguetza thumb The new Guelaguetza Auditorium, completed in 2010. (File:Auditorio Guelaguetza en Oaxaca.jpg) The Guelaguetza, also known as the Fiestas de los Lunes del Cerro (Festivals of Mondays at the Hill) is the major cultural event in the city with origins in pre-Hispanic times. The "Hill" is the Cerro del Fortín, which was the scene of the annual rites to the goddess Centeótl, or goddess of the corn. The hill had a teocalli, or sacred plaza, built by the Aztecs. The ritual would end with the sacrifice of a young maiden chosen to represent the goddess. This rite was prohibited by the Spanish after the Conquest, who also destroyed the teocalli. In its place, they constructed the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmen, now known as Carmen Alto. The recently baptized Mixtecs and Zapotecs then replaced ceremonies to Centeótl with those to this manifestation of the Virgin Mary, at the same place, the Cerro del Fortín. This revised festival grew over time to be the largest and most anticipated for the town. In 1932, the city of Oaxaca realized its 400th anniversary and decided to combine these festivities with those of the Cerro del Fortín, adding traditional dances, music, regional cuisine (Oaxacan cuisine) and Margarita Santaella as the first Miss Oaxaca, in addition to the religious rites. The word "guelaguetza" is from Zapotec and means offering, sympathy, caring and cooperation. This first Guelaguetza was such a hit that organizers decided to repeat it every year at the Cerro del Fortin, on all the Mondays of July starting in 1953, becoming an amalgam of Oaxacan festivals from many parts of the state. Originally, the festival took place at the foot of the Cerro del Fortín, where the curve of the land makes for a natural theatre. Since 1974, many of the events, which have grown in number, have been moved to a number of different venues, included the then-inaugurated Guelaguetza Auditorium. This is a Greek-style venue with seats 11,400 people. One venue is the Church of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, where regional band come to play, dressed in colorful costumes as part of the opening ceremonies. They march from here to the Oaxaca Cathedral, where they are joined by folk dance groups such as the China Oaxaqueñas, the Chilenas de Pinotepa Nacional and the Jarabes Serranos. Another major event, which takes place at the Jardin Socrates, is a beauty pageant for indigenous women from different regions of Oaxaca state. The winner represents the goddess Centeótl and presides over the festivities along with public officials. The Bamo-Stui-Gulal takes place at the Plaza de la Danza and represents the history of Oaxaca and the Guelaguetza itself. The Plaza is divided into four quadrants, each representing a different period in Oaxaca's history. One other event, hosted in the Auditorium is a reenactment of the Legend of Donají, which takes place at the time of the Conquest. On the streets of Oaxaca city, there are parades with children and giant paper mache puppets. Noche de Rábanos The "Noche de Rábano" or Night of the Radishes is a traditional Oaxaca city tradition. Artisans show off designs done on large radishes, often decorated with other plant materials. The event only lasts a few hours but draws most of the city's population to the main square to look at the creations. It occurs each year on 23 December. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".

Oaxaca, Oaxaca

The city and municipality of '''Oaxaca de Juárez,''' or simply Oaxaca, is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name (Oaxaca). It is located in the Centro District (Centro District, Oaxaca) in the Central Valleys (Valles Centrales de Oaxaca) region of the state, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre at the base of the Cerro del Fortín extending to the banks of the Atoyac River (Atoyac River (Oaxaca)).

It is nicknamed "la Verde Antequera" (the green Antequera) due to its prior name (Nueva Antequera) and the variety of structures built from a native green stone. The name Oaxaca is derived from the Nahuatl name for the place, Huaxyacac, which was Hispanicized to Guajaca, later spelled Oaxaca. "de Juárez" was added in honor of Benito Juárez, who was a native of this state. The coat of arms for the municipality bears the image of the decapitated Donaji, who was an indigenous princess in the years immediately after the Conquest.

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