Denmark, Germany, Norway and Sweden. The first written set of team handball rules was published in 1906 by the Danish gym teacher, lieutenant and Olympic medalist Holger Nielsen from Ordrup grammar school north of Copenhagen. The modern set of rules was published on 29 October 1917 by Max Heiser, Karl Schelenz, and Erich Konigh from Germany. After 1919 these rules were improved by Karl Schelenz. The first international games were played under these rules, between Germany
and Eyvindr Skáldaspillir. The arrival of Christianity around the year 1000 brought Norway into contact with European medieval learning, hagiography and history writing. Merged with native oral tradition and Icelandic influence this was to flower into an active period of literature production in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Major works of that period include ''Historia Norwegie'', ''Thidreks saga'' and ''Konungs skuggsjá.'' The seventeenth century was a period of meager
was once famous for its salmon-fishing, but since an infection with ''Gyrodactylus salaris'', only 5-10% of the original stock survives. The salmon runs up to the "Slettafoss", a upriver from the estuary. thumb right The Trango Towers (File:Trango Towers 2.jpg) in Pakistan. Their vertical faces are the world's tallest cliffs. Trango Tower center; Trango Monk center left
successful and popular performances, explaining why they travel to Europe so frequently for long musical tours. Fame Gustafsson is one of Sweden's most famous and beloved comedians, having appeared in many TV shows and films. He has also appeared on Norwegian (Norway) television, in the show Åpen Post. Besides his iconic work with Killinggänget he has been a cornerstone of Swedish entertainment for many years. He has played
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of Separatism incorporated and expanded Jacobs’ presentation of the 1979 Massey Lectures, entitled ''Canadian Cities and Sovereignty-Association''. Published in 1980 and reprinted in 2011 with a previously unpublished 2005 interview on the subject, Jacobs' book advances the view that Quebec's eventual independence is best for Montreal, Toronto, the rest of Canada, and the world; and that such independence can
''' is a lake for which the three parts have different names. The lake lies in Nord-Fron, Sør-Fron and Øystre Slidre municipalities in Oppland county, Norway. '''Sandvatnet''' is the western part, '''Kaldfjorden''' is the central portion and '''Øyvatnet''' is the eastern part. Water enters from Vinstre lake to the west. none right 150px The Kalmar Union flag. (Image:Flag of the Kalmar Union.svg) The '''Kalmar Union''' (Danish (Danish language) Norwegian language
music. Later that year Fredrik Hansen joined and Echo Image was officially formed with Trine Bilet joining towards the end of the year providing backing vocals and keyboards. Bilet is featured on the front cover of the Endless Day EP. Artificially introduced It has been artificially introduced to Ireland, USA, Morocco, Madagascar, Norway, Tunisia, New Zealand, Canada and Spain. 28 January 2005 *Cross-country skiing: In a simple ceremony
nation at war with England and Russia (much like the occupation of Norway by the German (Germany)s during World War II). A French language translation of the book was published illegally in Nazi (Nazism)-occupied France by Les Editions de Minuit, a French Resistance publishing house. Introduction to ''The Moon Is Down'' (Penguin) published 1995, by Donald V. Coers Furthermore, numerous other editions were also
publisher Nordic Council accessdate 2011-11-13 200px thumb right Translation: "So you don't think playing 'hard to get' will work after this?" (Image:Nemipanel.png) '''''Nemi''''' is a Norwegian (Norway) comic strip, written and drawn by Lise Myhre. It made its first appearance in 1997 under the title ''Den svarte siden'' ("the Black Side" or "the Black Page"). At that time, it was a very dark cartoon concerning Heavy metal music heavy
; '''''Nemi''''' is a Norwegian (Norway) comic strip, written and drawn by Lise Myhre. It made its first appearance in 1997 under the title ''Den svarte siden'' ("the Black Side" or "the Black Page"). At that time, it was a very dark cartoon concerning heavy metal (Heavy metal music) subcultures, but Myhre has turned it brighter with the years, although she still frequently publishes strips about serious issues, especially in the larger Sunday strip Saturday
childhood on a farm in Dane County, Wisconsin. He moved to Dakota Territory and settled at Vermillion (Vermillion, South Dakota) in 1867. Lee and Charles E. Prentis became partners in a mercantile business in 1869. Career thumb 400px An example of ''M'' strip. The man to the left in the last three panels is Eriksen. The woman is The Madam. (Image:M NOR strip.png) '''''M''''' is a Norwegian (Norway) comic strip, written by Mads Eriksen. it is published in daily
'''Norway''' ( The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories (Dependencies of Norway) and thus not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway also lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Until 1814, the Kingdom included the Faroe Islands (since 1035), Greenland (1261), and Iceland (1262).
Norway has a total area of The country shares a long eastern border with Sweden (1,619 km (List of countries and territories by land borders) or 1,006 mi long). Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerrak Strait (Skagerrak) to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.
King Harald V (Harald V of Norway) of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg is the current monarch of Norway (Monarchy of Norway). Erna Solberg became Prime Minister in 2013, replacing Jens Stoltenberg. A constitutional monarchy since 1814, state power is divided (Separation of power) between the Parliament (Storting), the King and his Council (Cabinet of Norway), and the Supreme Court (Supreme Court of Norway). Between 1661 and 1814, Norway was an absolute monarchy, and before 1661, the King shared power with the Norwegian nobility (Aristocracy of Norway). Traditionally established in 872 (Battle of Hafrsfjord) and originating in one of the petty kingdoms (Petty kingdoms of Norway), Norway is one of the oldest still existing kingdoms in Europe and world-wide. The Kingdom has existed continuously for over 1,100 years, and the list of Norwegian monarchs includes over sixty kings and earls.
Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels, known as counties (fylke (Counties of Norway)) and municipalities (kommune (List of municipalities of Norway)). The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament (Sami Parliament of Norway) and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties (Norway – European Union relations) with the European Union and its member countries (despite rejecting full EU membership in two referenda (Norwegian European Union membership referendum, 1994)), as well as with the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Nordic Council; a member of the European Economic Area, the WTO (World Trade Organization) and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development); and is also a part of the Schengen Area.
The country maintains a combination of market economy and a Nordic welfare model (Nordic model) with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system. Norway has extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, minerals, lumber, seafood, fresh water, and hydropower. The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. From 2010 to 2012, Norway was classified as the most democratic country by the Democracy Index. Curtis M. Wong (14 December 2010). World's Top Democratic Governments: Economist Intelligence Unit's Democracy Index 2010 (PHOTOS). ''The Huffington Post.'' Retrieved 27 August 2013. Democracy index 2011. ''Economist Intelligence Unit'' Retrieved 27 August 2013. Kavitha A. Davidson (21 March 2013). Democracy Index 2013: Global Democracy At A Standstill, The Economist Intelligence Unit's Annual Report Shows. ''The Huffington Post.'' Retrieved 27 August 2013.
Around 994 A.D., two centuries of Viking raids to southern and western areas of Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity (Christianization of Scandinavia). Norway then expanded its overseas territory to parts of Great Britain, Ireland, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, and Greenland. Norwegian power peaked in 1265. Competition from the Hanseatic League, and the spread of the Black Death, weakened the country. In 1397, Norway became part of the Kalmar Union with Denmark and Sweden. The Union lasted until Sweden left in 1523. The remaining union with Denmark (Denmark-Norway) lasted nearly three centuries. In 1814, Norwegians adopted (Norwegian Constituent Assembly) a constitution (Constitution of Norway) before being forced into a personal union with Sweden (Union between Sweden and Norway). In 1905, Norway ended the union, subsequently confirmed in a referendum (Norwegian union dissolution referendum, 1905), ending over 500 years of monarchs residing outside the country. In the same year, the country confirmed the election of its own king. Despite its declaration of neutrality in World War II, Norway was occupied (Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany) for 5 years by forces of Nazi Germany. In 1949 it abandoned neutrality, becoming a founding member of NATO. Discovery of oil in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes.