members directory publisher Eua.be accessdate 14 February 2014 EMU is a full member of Community of Mediterranean Universities, Federation Universities of Islamic World, International Association of Universities and International Council of Graphic Design Associations,
directly then crossing the green line to holiday in Northern Cyprus.
Turkish Peace Force also reports directly to the Turkish General Staff in Ankara. The Cyprus Turkish Peace Force is deployed principally along the Green Line (Green Line (Cyprus)) and in locations where hostile amphibious landings might take place. The presence of the mainland Turkish military in Cyprus is highly controversial, having been denounced as an illegal occupation force by the Republic of Cyprus and the international community. Several United Nations Security Council resolutions have called on the Turkish forces to withdraw. UN Security Council resolutions 353(1974), 357(1974), 358(1974), 359(1974), 360(1974), 365(1974) A 2011 article published in ''Defence and Peace Economics'' by Mete Feridun of the University of Greenwich and Bansi Sawhney of the University of Baltimore, military expenditure in North Cyprus has a statistically significant impact on economic growth. Feridun, Mete, Sawhney, Bansi and Shahbaz, Muhammad (2011) The impact of military spending on economic growth: the case of North Cyprus. Defence and Peace Economics, 22 (5). pp. 555-562. ISSN 1024-2694 (print), 1476-8267 (online) (doi:10.1080 10242694.2011.562370) Geography
; ref contrary to the picture presented by the 2006 TRNC census.
Alderney and Sark.
''' (also known as Ayasofya or St. Sophia Cathedral). Enjoy your meal and traditional crafts under the shade of the historical '''Great Inn''' (Büyük Han) - a favorite for tourists. Wander around the streets to see the traditional architecture, especially in the '''Samanbahçe''' quarter, the 500-year-old and yet active '''Great Turkish Bath''' (Büyük Hamam), shop at the historical '''Bandabulya''' bazaar, greet the Venetian Column at the historical heart of the city - '''Atatürk Square
Otobüs" belgesel filmi haberi Haber, Haberler, Haberi, Haberleri, Haber oku, Gazete, Gazetesi, Gazeteleri, Gazete oku publisher Turkmedya.com accessdate 14 February 2014 Theater File:Karagoez-davul-Hacivat-zurna.jpg thumb left Karagöz and Hacivat
rare. The mafia is involved in them. You will find that many locals, especially the conservatives, are upset about casinos as they are a way of money laundering. Also, as a general piece of advice, it is advisable not to gamble with a lot of money. Nightlife Kyrenia and Famagusta have a vibrant nightlife, with numerous dance clubs and concerts in the summer. Nicosia may be a disappointment for the seekers of such activities. The places marked as "night clubs", especially just outside Nicosia on the Nicosia-Morphou highway, are prostitution centers. Even though prostitution is illegal in Northern Cyprus, the government turns a blind eye to such activities, so the risk of prosecution is almost non-existent. Many local men frequent these "night clubs". Water sports thumb The ''caretta caretta'' is the most famous turtle inhabiting the coasts of Northern Cyprus (File:Caretta caretta 060417w2.jpg) '''Scuba diving''' in Northern Cyprus is a spectacular experience. Scuba diving is not allowed individually, but a quick Google search will reveal the companies who organize dives and Kyrenia Harbor is a good place to find them. Shipwrecks, sea turtles, soft corals, colorful sponges, stingrays, octopuses, scorpion fish, and countless others are there to be discovered. There are around 20 different sites for diving around Kyrenia. Water sports such as '''windsurfing, jetskiing, waterskiing and sailing''' are also available at beaches throughout the coastline. Sailing is especially found at Escape Beach Club, near Kyrenia. Other activities *'''Paragliding''' - seeing the beauty of Northern Cyprus from 2500 feet and gliding down is an unforgettable experience and well worth it. You can find companies which organize this at the Kyrenia Harbor, especially Tandem Paragliding. *'''Boat tours''' - there is no difficulty in finding boat or yacht tours to explore the northern coast from the Kyrenia Harbor during summer. Boat tours from the port of Famagusta to the Karpaz Peninsula are also available. *'''Hiking and trekking''' - the Kyrenia mountains are the places to do this. There are many centers which organize this, one being the Mountain Climbing Sports Association, meeting as often as weekly. *'''Golf''' - at the Korineum course the Turkish Lira is the official currency in the North, Euros and UK pounds are widely accepted in the bigger cities. Credit cards are also accepted in larger shops, supermarkets, and the more upmarket restaurants. Scams at the exchange offices are unheard of. Those looking for traditional items to buy may find them especially at the Great Inn (Büyük Han) in Nicosia. Souvenir shops are available in all major cities, especially at the Kyrenia Harbor and the Arasta region of the walled part of Nicosia. Lefkara lace, originally produced in the Lefkara village which remains in the southern side of the Cyprus, then carried on by the displaced Turkish Cypriots, is now a widespread item to buy. Sele and sesta are traditional items made of straw. There is currently one shopping mall in Famagusta, the Lemar AVM, with many international brands. International brands can also be found in the thriving and vibrant Dereboyu region in Nicosia, a 15-minutes walk from the walled city. Property North Cyprus property is low cost in comparison to property in the south of Cyprus. However, potential buyers should be wary of title disputes, as title insurance is not generally available. Accordingly, it is very important to understand the various types of title deeds available in North Cyprus. See North Cyprus Title Deeds. Also be sure and check thoroughly that the property (whether a house or land) intended for purchase in North Cyprus, was not originally (and still legally is according to international law) owned by a Greek Cypriot (prior to the war in 1974 and abandoned as a result). There is a risk, if the property was once owned by a Greek Cypriot, that the buyers could face legal action in the Republic of Cyprus and elsewhere in the EU, including the United Kingdom, from where most foreign buyers come from. The buyer could likely be ordered by the (Greek) Cypriot, British or other EU member courts to pay legal fees to their legal Greek Cypriot owner. There has only ever been one case where this has in any way happened, however, known as the '''Orams case''' where no money was ever paid to the plaintiff. More recently, the '''Demopoulos''' case of 2010 led to the European Court of Human Rights recognising that the current owners of property in Northern Cyprus have rights over their land and ruling that the Immovable Property Commission of Northern Cyprus is the correct place for future disputes to be settled. Eat thumb Grilled halloumi (File:Grilled Halloumi .jpg) thumb Fırın kebabı or kleftiko (File:Kleftiko.JPG) Turkish-Cypriot cuisine is a fine blend of Turkish, Greek and Middle Eastern cuisines featuring mouth watering seafood to kebabs, numerous mezes to delicious home made fruit preserves called macun (pronounced ma-joon). Go to any traditional restaurant and ask the local foods they serve. Some of the key foods featured in the Turkish-Cypriot cuisine, and some of whom do not exist in mainland Turkish and Greek cuisines, include Molehiya, Enginar Dolması, Kolokas, Bullez, Çiçek Dolması, Magarina-Bulli, Pilav, Bulgur Köftesi, Mucendra, Hummus Çorbası, Hellimli and Pirohu, etc.. Some special meals are explained below: *'''Halloumi''', known as '''hellim''' in Turkish (use the Turkish name as some Turkish Cypriots may be offended from the use of the Greek name due to trademark disputes), is an important feature of the Cypriot cuisine. The Turkish Cypriots use it in many meals, such as '''Hellimli''' (a sort of cake with hellim), '''Hellim Böreği''' (a sort of pastry) or '''Pirohu''' (the traditional Turkish meal of mantı with hellim instead of meat) *'''Şeftali Kebabı''', made from lamb, is a very delicious must-eat *'''Fırın Kebabı''' or '''Kleftiko''' is a mouth-watering local kebab made from lamb and the Cypriot potato, also known for its taste *'''Magarına Bulli''', is pasta with chicken, and hellim sprinkled all over it. Ask especially for '''hand-made pasta''' (el magarınası) and '''yahnili magarına''' Mezes include: *'''Grilled hellim''' - if you come to Northern Cyprus and leave without trying this, your trip will be incomplete, as hellim is a rare sort of cheese that can be grilled without melting *'''Çakısdez''' (pronounced chuck-ess-dez) - green olives, manually and onerously crushed using special stones, and added flavor using garlic *'''Humus''' - mashed chickpeas, sesame paste, garlic, olive oil and lemon juice, this is an excellent side dish for kebabs *'''Samarella''' - dried meat And here are some local desserts. Turkish Cypriot cuisine offers a huge variety of desserts so this list is far from complete: *'''Pekmez''' - the Beşparmak Pentadaktylos mountains are swarming with carob trees and this thick syrup of carob juice tastes exceptionally good in Cyprus. At traditional restaurants, you will find mouth-watering desserts made of pekmez, such as '''gullurikya'''. *'''Nor böreği''' - nor is another type of cheese special to Cyprus, and this pastry with nor, cinnamon and sugar is almost addictive *'''Katmer''' - there are two types of this, '''sini gatmeri''' and '''sac gatmeri''' (pronounced sach, NOT sak). Sac gatmeri is an exceptionally delicious AND light pastry made of sugar and dough. *'''Ekmek Kadayıfı''' - soft, special sort of dough filled with the nor and sweet syrup - splendid with vanilla ice-cream! *'''Macun''' - preserved fruits. Try especially '''ceviz macunu''' (walnut macun). Of course, traditional European restaurants exist too, from the basic fish and chips providers up to expensive haute cuisine. More recently, Indian curry houses have been opening and there are some good Chinese and Thai restaurants also. The fast-food chain Burger City, directly linked to Burger King, has restaurants in all district capitals apart from İskele. Turkish food, such as döner, adana kebap and tantuni is also widespread. For those self-catering, food of many types and nationalities can be found in the many supermarkets. Even pork cuts can now be found from specialist retailers. Drink thumb Zivania - this particular bottle is not a product of Northern Cyprus (File:Zivania.jpg) thumb Orange tree at Bellapais - Northern Cyprus is known for the taste of its oranges - and their juice! (File:Bellapais - Orangenbaum 1.jpg) *'''Zivania''' - one of the most important local drinks, made from grape. Unlike the Republic of Cyprus, as Northern Cyprus is not bound by European regulations, there are zivania varieties with up to 95% alcohol presence, so take care! There is a saying among Turkish Cypriots which goes like "the best of zivania is the one that burns well when you set it on fire". Do learn how much alcohol the zivania you're buying contains. Note that zivania is not easily found anywhere. *'''Brandy''' - popular because of its taste, the Cypriot brandy is well worth a try. What is more spectacular, though, is the local cocktail, the '''Brandy Sour''', a mixture of brandy and the lemon squash, made from the lemons of the Morphou region. *'''Wine''' - Northern Cyprus is not an important wine producer, but there are two notable local brands: Aphrodite and Kantara. Even though the official travel guide describes it as "light, fruity and palatable", some travellers have reported that it is better to avoid it. It is still worth a try, though. Wines from the Turkish mainland are generally good and the average cost is about TL12 per bottle (2013). However imported wines from South Africa, Chile, Australia and Argentina are widely available and are fairly reliable and good value. *Locally produced '''Rakı''', which is the national drink of the Turks (similar to Ouzo which is the national drink of the Greeks, as they both have a strong aniseed flavor, but with different proportions) and all internationally imported varieties. *'''Beer''' - The lager brand named Efes is ubiquitous and well worth a try, as are some bland European brands such as Carling and Heineken. English ales and Guinness are rare but can sometimes be found. As for non-alcoholic drinks, *'''Ayran''' - the Turkish classic *'''Orange juice''' - Northern Cyprus is famous for its great oranges, so why not try their juice? Sleep Accommodation in Northern Cyprus is plentiful. Rooms are typically of lower standard than in the rest of Cyprus and are correspondingly lower priced. The '''Northern Cyprus Hoteliers Association''' maintains a list of virtually all accommodation. In all parts of Cyprus, it is customary (and recommended) to make a thorough inspection of the room you are considering prior to checking in. For individual accommodation listings, please see our relevant city destination article. Learn All universities in Northern Cyprus are private. There are five Northern Cypriot universities holding over 40,000 students: * Near East University (Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi) * Eastern Mediterranean University (Doğu Akdeniz Üniversitesi) * Cyprus International University (Uluslararası Kıbrıs Üniversitesi) * European University of Lefke (Lefke Avrupa Üniversitesi) * Girne American University (Girne Amerikan Üniversitesi) There is also a campus of Middle East Technical University. Istanbul Technical University is also planning to open a campus in Northern Cyprus. 2 Atatürk Teacher Academy and Police Academy provide vocational education in related subjects. Work Working is forbidden to anybody not in possession of a permit, which is not easily obtainable for visitors. Cope Electricity The electricity is 240 Volt and the UK style of rectangular 3 pin plugs and sockets are used. Be warned that power cuts are fairly frequent and that the voltage fluctuates - which can damage anything connected. Stay healthy *There are many Gymnasiums situated in the main cities such as Nicosia, Famagusta and Kyrenia. *Only drink bottled water. The tap water is ok if boiled. Stay safe Northern Cyprus is a relatively safe place, as tourists do not have to worry much about crime. In Kyrenia, British retirees often speak of how safe they feel there, and that they can walk down dark streets at any time of night and feel safe. Crimes such as pickpocketing are unheard of, even in the bigger cities and lively areas, such as the Dereboyu quarter of Nicosia. However, there are a few exceptions to this. The walled town of Nicosia, inhabited mostly by Turkish mainlanders, is known as an unsafe place among locals and most refrain from going there apart from the main streets at night. While during daytime it is as safe as anywhere in Northern Cyprus, be careful during the night, especially if going through dark streets, and exercise common sense. Catcalling for female travellers is sometimes encountered when the Turkish mainlanders are involved, though this by no means should cause limitations. Violent crime is very rare, and even though Kyrenia has the highest rate of violent crime in Northern Cyprus, it is still rare and it is safer than most cities in Europe and America. Respect '''Religion:''' Although 99% Turkish Cypriots are Sunni Muslims, the vast majority of Turkish Cypriots are overwhelmingly secular. Unlike mainland Turks and Greek Cypriots, Turkish Cypriots are not conservative and many do not actually practice the religion. For example, alcohol is frequently consumed by Turkish Cypriots and women dress casually (Headscarves and veils are very rare and are limited to very few deeply religious women and some elderly women). Religion only plays a limited role within the community, for example, with the circumcision of Turkish Cypriot boys at a young age due to religious reasons, as well as with funerals, and occasionally religious weddings by an imam, which is symbolic, as only civil weddings are recognized by the strictly secular Turkish Cypriot state. However secular and liberal the Turkish Cypriots are on religion, it is extremely rude to insult or mock some of its traditions, and ensure that you do not speak badly of the Islamic religion. In regard to the Call to Prayer, which is read 5 times a day from the speakers of mosques throughout North Cyprus. Do not mock or mimic these calls, as Turkish Cypriots will be very offended. '''Politics:''' It is best to avoid discussion of the various merits of the Greek-Turkish divide and the violent events beginning in 1963 to 1974, with the end result being the occupation of the northern and eastern 40% of the island by Turkey, as the vast majority of Turkish Cypriots are very nationalistic and sensitive on this issue. Openly denigrating or insulting symbols of the state, especially the flag or Kemal Atatürk are liable to cause deep offense and possibly result in charges. '''Etiquette :''' One should also show respect in approaching people of the opposite sex or be mindful of any gestures which are regarded as very offensive, such as staring and addressing the locals in a loud voice (because it is regarded as condescending). '''Gay and lesbian travelers:''' Homosexuality, long officially banned, was legalized in 2009, but same-sex relationships are not recognized by the government and open displays of affection are very likely to draw stares and whispers. Nevertheless North Cyprus is considered to be safe for gay and lesbian travelers, and violence against homosexuals is unheard of. Connect Telephone code International calls are routed to Northern Cyprus via the Turkish area code 392. When dialing from Turkey, the usual domestic format of ''0 + 392 + 7-digit local number'' is used. When calling from other countries '' '''+90 + 392''' + 7-digit local number'' is used. On the other hand, calls from (southern Greek part of) Cyprus can be made by dialing the ''0 + 139 + 7-digit local number'' format which charges at local rates as well as the international ''+90 + 392 + 7-digit local number'' format which charges at international rates. Mobile Phones The two local mobile phone networks will allow you to make and accept international and local calls on your mobile phones, however the connections are expensive. Far better to buy a local pay-as-you-go SIM-card from either TelSim (Vodafone) or Turkcell which offer the usual facilities at much cheaper rates. Be aware that mobile phones with Greek Cypriot SIM cards will not work in Northern Cyprus as there is no agreement between the companies (CYTA and MTN) and the Turkish operators. Similarly, your SIM card purchased for use in North Cyprus will not work south of the border. Internet Connections The better hotels all offer internet connections of some sort, and there are numerous internet cafes. However you connect though, the connection speed will be slow and the service erratic. WikiPedia:Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Cyprus Northern_Cyprus
Kyrenia to Nicosia. It is the best preserved ruin of the three former strongholds in the Kyrenia mountains, the others being Kantara (Kantara Castle) and Buffavento. The '''National Unity Party''' (
+PRESIDENT+OPENS+GIRNE+AMERICAN+UNIVERSITY%27S...-a0213657553 title (Edu) Turkish Cypriot President Opens Girne American University'S Campus In Canterbury. - Free Online Library publisher Thefreelibrary.com accessdate 14 February 2014 and was accredited by the British Accreditation Council in 2010. Northern Cyprus regularly participates in international Robocup competition
the public sector, trade, tourism and education. The revenues gained by the education sector in 2011 was $400 million. Industry (light manufacturing) contributes 22% of GDP and agriculture 9%.
explosion in the southern part of the island which affected a large power station. The Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project, due to be completed in 2015, is aimed at delivering water for drinking and irrigation from southern Turkey via a pipeline under the Mediterranean Sea.
'''Northern Cyprus''' (
Northern Cyprus extends from the tip (Cape Apostolos Andreas) of the Karpass Peninsula in the north east, westward to Morphou Bay and Cape Kormakitis (the Kokkina Erenköy exclave marks the westernmost extent of the area), and southward to the village of Louroujina. A buffer zone (United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus) under the control of the United Nations stretches between Northern Cyprus and the rest of the island and divides Nicosia, the island's largest city and capital of both states.
The 1974 coup d'état (1974 Cypriot coup d'état), an attempt to annex the island to Greece, was followed by the Turkish invasion of Cyprus. This resulted in the eviction of much of the north's Greek Cypriot population, the flight of Turkish Cypriots from the south, and the partitioning of the island, leading to a unilateral declaration of independence by the North in 1983. Due to its lack of recognition, Northern Cyprus is heavily dependent on Turkey for economic, political and military support.
Attempts to reach a solution to the Cyprus dispute have been unsuccessful. The Turkish Army maintains a large force in Northern Cyprus. While its presence is supported and approved by the TRNC government, the Republic of Cyprus and the international community regard it as an illegal occupation force, and its presence has been denounced in several United Nations Security Council resolutions.
Northern Cyprus is a semi-presidential (semi-presidential system), democratic republic with an economy that is dominated by the services sector. The economy has seen growth through the 2000s, with the GNP per capita more than tripling, but is held back by an international embargo due to the official closure of the ports in Northern Cyprus by the Republic of Cyprus. The official language is Turkish (Turkish language), with a distinct local dialect (Cypriot Turkish) being spoken. The vast majority of the population consists of Sunni Muslims, while religious attitudes are moderate and secular.