Normandy

What is Normandy known for?


radio work

to drop out and return to radio work. http: www.otrcat.com paul-frees-collection-p-49447.html He appeared frequently on Hollywood radio series, including ''Escape (Escape (radio program))'', playing lead roles and alternating with William Conrad as the opening announcer of ''Suspense (Suspense (radio program))'' in the late 1940s, and parts on ''Gunsmoke'', (doing a passable impersonation of Howard McNear as Doc Adams for at least one episode, "The Cast


created+fast

heading east from Ireland to Russia, west to Iceland and Greenland and reached Newfoundland (Newfoundland (island)) before Christopher Columbus discovered the "New World". They created fast and seaworthy long-boards. The Vikings had a tailored way of succeeding all their attacks. They did not just hit and run, they colonized all the lands they occupied. This allowed them to grow and govern large areas of Ireland, England, France Baltic regions and Russia. ref>


small works

in the small works in ivory or bone that are almost all that have survived. BBC History Especially in Northumbria, the Insular art style shared across the British Isles produced much of the finest work being produced in Europe until the Viking raids and invasions largely suppressed the movement; the Book of Lindisfarne is one example certainly produced in Northumbria. The carved stone high crosses


local show

Prince of Deheubarth to release Maurice's half-brother Robert Fitz-Stephen from captivity to take part in the expedition. Most importantly he obtained the support of Cambro-Norman Marcher Lord Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke known as Strongbow. Ibrahim was purchased for 500 francs by the horse dealer Alfred Lefevre at a local show, from the horse's breeder, René Haize. In 1956, the young horse was champion of his age group, and was sold to the State Stud. He bred at the stud from 1956 to 1973, and was the most famous horse there in the 60's and 70's. However, his breeding career began slow, and he covered Normandy Draught (draught horse) mares for his first few years at stud, with very few sport horse mares booking. Ibrahim's first crop of foals were sold abroad. The general establishment of the principle of dower in the customary law of Western Europe, according to Maine (Henry James Sumner Maine), Maine (Henry James Sumner Maine), ''Ancient Law'', 3rd American edition, New York, 1887, 218 is to be traced to the influence of the Church (Roman Catholic Church), and to be included perhaps among its most arduous triumphs. Dower is an outcome of the ecclesiastical practice of exacting from the husband at marriage a promise to endow his wife, a promise retained in form even now in the marriage ritual of the Established Church in England. See Blackstone (William Blackstone), ''Commentaries on the Laws of England'', II, 134, note p. Dower is mentioned in an ordinance of King Philip Augustus of France (1214), and in the almost contemporaneous Magna Carta (1215); but it seems to have already become customary law in Normandy, Sicily, and Naples, as well as in England. The object of both ordinance and charter was to regulate the amount of the dower where this was not the subject of voluntary arrangement, dower by English law consisting of a wife's life estate in one-third of the lands of the husband "of which any issue which she might have had might by possibility have been heir". Blackstone, ''op. cit.'', 131 One of the fictional characters from ''Saving Private Ryan'', Captain John Miller, is the C.O. of Charlie Company, 2nd Ranger Battalion. The film follows Miller and seven other Rangers of the Company as they trek across Normandy to rescue a soldier who has lost all his brothers. (Sole Survivor Policy) 14 August 1944 Normandy, France, European Theater Hanging 24 November 1944 Normandy, France, European Theater Hanging In France In France, the advocati, known as ''avoués'', were of two types. The first included the great barons, who held the advocateship (''avouerie'') of an abbey or abbeys rather as an office than a fief, though they were indemnified for the protection they afforded by a domain (Dominion) and preach revenues granted by the abbey: thus the "duke of ''avoué''". Normandy was ''advocatus'' of nearly all the abbeys in the duchy. The second class included the petty lords (manorialism) who held their advocateships as hereditary fiefs and often as their sole means of subsistence. An abbey's avoid, of this class, corresponded to a bishop's vidame. Their function was generally to represent the abbot in his capacity as feudal lord, act as his representative in the courts of his superior, exercise secular justice in the abbot's name in the abbatial court, and lead the retainers of the abbey to battle under the banner of the patron saint. The advocatus played a more important part in the feudal polity of the Empire and of the Low Countries than in France, where his functions, confined to the protection of the interests of religious houses, were superseded from the 13th century onwards by the growth of central power and the increasing efficiency of royal administration. They had, in effect, long ceased to be effective in their original purpose, and after the advowson became a fief, they took advantage of their position to pillage and suppress those they were supposed to defend. Medieval records are full of complaints from abbots about usurpations, exactions, and acts of violence committed by the advocati. *'''Bernard de Jussieu''' (1699-1777), a younger brother of the above, was born at Lyons on 17 August 1699. He took a medical degree at Montpellier and began practice in 1720, but finding the work uncongenial he gladly accepted his brother's invitation to Paris in 1722, when he succeeded Sebastien Vaillant as sub-demonstrator of plants in the Jardin du Roi. In 1725 he brought out a new edition of Tournefort's ''Histoire des Plantes qui naissent aux environs de Paris'', 2 vols., which was afterwards translated into English by John Martyn (John Martyn (botanist)), the original work being incomplete. In the same year he was admitted into the Académie des sciences, and communicated several papers to that body. Long before Abraham Trembley (1700-1784) published his ''Histoire des polypes d'eau douce'', Jussieu maintained the doctrine that these organisms were animals, and not the flowers of marine plants, then the current notion; and to confirm his views he made three journeys to the coast of Normandy. Singularly modest and retiring, he published very little, but in 1759 he arranged the plants in the royal garden of the Trianon (Grand Trianon) at Versailles, according to his own scheme of classification. This arrangement is printed in his nephew's ''Genera'', and formed the basis of that work. He cared little for the credit of enunciating new discoveries, so long as the facts were made public. On the death of his brother Antoine, he could not be induced to succeed him in his office, but prevailed upon L. G. Lemonnier to assume the higher position. He died in Paris on 6 November 1777. Later, in 1797, the picture was confiscated by Napoleon and was subsequently taken to Caen, Normandy. Any attempt of the commune of Perugia, which saw also the personal commitment of Antonio Canova, to retrieve the work failed. During the remainder of World War II, she served on escort and patrol duty in the Atlantic and along the English (England) coast. She supported the Allied Invasion of Europe at Normandy on 6 June 1944. Damaged late in August by ''U-984'' (German submarine U-984) commanded by Heinz Sieder, she was returned to the United States on 21 October. On 9 January 1947 she was sold to John Lee of Belfast, Northern Ireland. A lutin (varieties include the ''Nain Rouge'' or "red dwarf" Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, ''Dictionary of Phrase and Fable'', rev. ed. London: Cassell, 1905, p. 876. ) plays a similar role in the folklore of Normandy to house-spirits in England, Germany and Scandinavia. ''Lutin'' is generally translated into English as: brownie (Brownie (folklore)), elf, fairy, gnome, goblin, hobgoblin, imp, leprechaun, pixie, puck (Puck (mythology)), or sprite (Sprite (creature)). Webster's Online Dictionary: Lutin - French It sometimes takes the form of a horse saddled ready to ride, and in this shape is called Le Cheval Bayard (Bayard). Brewer, pp.283-84. Lutins sometimes tangle people's or horses' hair into elf-locks. The '''Dives''' is a 105 km long river in the Pays d'Auge, Normandie (Normandy), France. It flows into the English Channel in Cabourg. Born Jacques-François Pitot in Normandy and educated in Paris, Pitot's family was of the nobility of France, and fled that nation for the New World with the French Revolution. At first he settled in Philadelphia, where he became a USA citizen. After his arrival in New Orleans (New Orleans, Louisiana) in 1796 he prospered as a merchant and became a member of the city council. Invasion of Normandy ''Corry'' cleared Norfolk on 20 April 1944 for Great Britain, and the staging of the Normandy invasion. Getting underway from Plymouth, England, she was the lead destroyer of the Normandy Invasion task force, escorting ships and transports across the English Channel. Upon arriving off the coast of Normandy, France, she headed for Îles Saint-Marcouf, her station for fire support on the front lines at Utah Beach. On D-Day morning 6 June 1944 she fired several hundred rounds of 5-inch ammunition at numerous Nazi targets. thumb 300px right Expended cartridge cases and powder tanks from the ship's 5" 38 caliber gun 5" 38 guns (Image:Uss Hobson DD-464 Normandy.jpg) litter the deck, after firing in support of the Normandy invasion off Utah Beach, 6 June 1944. This view was taken on the ship's afterdeck, with mount 54 at right. For some time the Allies had been building up tremendous strength in England for the eventual invasion of France (invasion of Normandy), and the destroyer sailed on 21 April 1944 to join the vast armada which would transport and protect the soldiers. She spent a month on patrol off Northern Ireland, arriving at Plymouth on 21 May for final preparations for the invasion. Assigned to Rear Admiral Don P. Moon's Utah Beach Assault Group, ''Hobson'' arrived off Normandy with other ships of the bombardment group at 01:40 6 June, and blazed away at German shore batteries. During the early hours ''Corry'' (USS Corry (DD-463)) (DD-463) struck a mine and sank, after which ''Hobson'' and ''Fitch'' (USS Fitch (DD-462)) (DD-462) fired at German shore positions while simultaneously rescuing survivors from the water. ''Hobson'' continued to lend powerful fire support until returning to Plymouth later that afternoon. Placenames ending in ''-toft'' are usually of Old Norse derivation, ''topt'' meaning "site of a house". ''English Etymology'', T. F. Hoad, Oxford University Press 1993. Examples are Langtoft (Langtoft (disambiguation)), Habertoft, Huttoft, Knaptoft, Lowestoft, Newtoft, Scraptoft, Sibbertoft, Stowlangtoft, Wibtoft, Yelvertoft and various places simply called Toft in the former Danelaw. This typical Old Norse element allows to estimate the extension of Scandinavian settlements in the Middle Ages such as in Schleswig-Holstein (''-toft'' : Langstoft, Havetoft, Koltoft (:de:Struxdorf), Goltoft, Kaltoft...), Normandy (''-tot'' : Lanquetot, Colletot, Caltot, Hottot (Hottot-les-Bagues), Hotot (Hotot-en-Auge)...), etc. References Without fighter escort and in the face of powerful opposition, the group completed an assault against aircraft factories in central Germany on 11 January 1944, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation (Presidential Unit Citation (United States)) (DUC) for the mission. The group participated in the Big Week intensive campaign against the German aircraft industry, 20–25 February 1944. The group earned another DUC for effectively bombing an aircraft assembly plant at Bernberg, Gummersbach, Germany on 22 February, even though escort fighters had abandoned the mission because of weather. Often supported ground forces and attacked interdictory targets in addition to its strategic operations. Hit airfields and marshaling yards in France, Belgium, and Germany in preparation for Normandy. On D-Day (Invasion of Normandy), 6 June 1944, the unit raided railroad bridges and coastal guns in support of the assault. Assisted ground forces during the Saint-Lô breakthrough in July, then participated in the airborne portion of Operation Market Garden, the invasion of Holland in September. During the Battle of the Bulge, December 1944 – January 1945, the 306th attacked airfields and marshaling yards to help stop the German advance. Bombed enemy positions in support of the airborne assault across the Rhine River in March 1945, the Operation Varsity portion of the Western Allied invasion of Germany. On 14 November 2001 thousands demonstrated against the closures of Moulinex factories in Caen, Normandy’s largest town. Tyres were piled up in front of official buildings and set on fire and police cars pelted with rotten eggs. Workers begun tearing up their voting cards, to symbolise that they felt “let down” by the political parties and that they would not vote again. Without an independent political strategy to take forward their cause, however, the workers’ opposition only led to frustration. At one factory threatened with closure in Cormelles-le-Royal near Caen, barrels of explosive substances were placed around the building and threats were made to blow them up. The trade unions played an essential role in enabling the breakup of Moulinex. After the company had announced it was bankrupt there was considerable unrest among the workforce. The unions organised blockades at several plants in the Normandy area, but essentially sought to prevent the spread of industrial action, while management, the company’s creditors and the French state went looking for suitable new owners. The two finally selected were Groupe SEB and the finance company Fidei, known for its involvement in the buy-out of the bankrupt AOM airline earlier that year, which also ended up with massive job losses. Commons:Normandie


battle history

to Normandy. The final elements arrived on August 1 and the unit was attached to the First Canadian Army (Canadian First Army). It entered combat on August 8 during Operation Totalize. The division twice suffered serious bombings by Allied aircraft which accidentally bombed friendly troops, but yet it achieved a victory against the Wehrmacht in the battles for Mont Ormel (Hill 262), The battle: history, Coudehard


arts de

des Beaux-Arts de Rouen Museum of Fine Arts in Rouen, the Musée Eugène Boudin in Honfleur or the André Malraux Museum (Musée Malraux) in Le Havre. Maurice Denis, one of the leaders and theoricists of the Nabis (Les Nabis) movement in the 1890s, was a native of Granville, in the Manche department. The ''Société Normande de Peinture Moderne'' was founded in 1909 by Pierre Dumont (Pierre Dumont (painter)), Robert Antoine Pinchon, Yvonne Barbier and Eugène Tirvert


major news

were drowned by the sea, and the Biscay (Bay of Biscay) coast to the southwest is marked by flat, sandy beaches. The title of an article should generally use the version of the name of the subject which is most common in the English language, as you would find it in reliable sources (WP:SOURCES) (for example other encyclopedias and reference works, scholarly journals and major news sources (Wikipedia:NCGN#Widely accepted name)). This makes it easy to find, and easy to compare information with other sources. Often this will be the local version, as with Madrid. Sometimes the usual English version will differ somewhat from the local form (Aragon, Venice, Normandy; Franz Josef Strauss, Victor Emmanuel III (Victor Emmanuel III of Italy), Christopher Columbus). Rarely, as with Germany or Mount Everest, it will be completely different. Origins In 911, the French Carolingian ruler Charles the Simple allowed a group of Vikings under their leader Rollo (Rollo of Normandy) to settle in Normandy as part of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. In exchange for the land, the Norsemen under Rollo were expected to provide protection along the coast against future Viking invaders. Bates ''Normandy Before 1066'' pp. 8–10 Their settlement proved successful, and the Vikings in the region became known as the "Northmen" from which "Normandy" is derived. Crouch ''Normans'' pp. 15–16 The Normans quickly adapted to the indigenous culture, renouncing paganism and converting to Christianity. Bates ''Normandy Before 1066'' p. 12 They adopted the langue d'oïl of their new home and added features from their own Norse language (Old Norse language), transforming it into the Norman language. They further blended into the culture by intermarrying with the local population. Bates ''Normandy Before 1066'' pp. 20–21 They also used the territory granted them as a base to extend the frontiers of the duchy to the west, annexing territory including the Bessin, the Cotentin Peninsula and Avranches. Hallam and Everard ''Capetian France'' p. 53 birth_date Commons:Normandie


academic art

now remembered for having tutored Poussin. He found French art in a stage of transition: the old apprenticeship system was disturbed, and the academic training (Academic art) destined to supplant it was not yet established by Simon Vouet; but having met Courtois the mathematician, Poussin was fired by the study of his collection of engravings by Marcantonio Raimondi after Italian masters. DATE OF BIRTH June 15, 1594 PLACE OF BIRTH near Les Andelys


top line

) from the top line in such choirs. Women were banned by the Pauline dictum ''mulieres in ecclesiis taceant'' ("let women keep silent in church"; see I Corinthians, ch 14, v 34). The growing English (England) colonies along the American seaboard to the south and various European wars between England and France during the 17th and 18th centuries brought Acadia to the centre of world-scale geopolitical forces. In 1613, Virginian raiders captured Port Royale, and in 1621 Acadia was ceded to Scotland's (Scotland) Sir William Alexander (William Alexander, Earl of Stirling) who renamed it ''Nova Scotia''. By 1632, Acadia was returned from Scotland to France under the ''Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632))'', and the Port Royale settlement was moved to the site of nearby present-day Annapolis Royal (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia). More French (French people) settlers, primarily from the Vienne, Normandie (Normandy), and Brittany regions of France, continued to populate the colony of Acadia during the latter part of the 17th and early part of the 18th centuries. Important settlements also began in the Beaubassin (Tantramar Marshes) region of the present-day Isthmus of Chignecto, and in the St. John River (Saint John River (New Brunswick)) valley, and settlers began to establish communities on Île-Saint-Jean and Île-Royale as well. Part of the rebellious forces held out, however, and their stronghold was the virtually impregnable Kenilworth Castle. Prestwich (1988), pp. 52–3. In the summer of 1266, a siege of the castle was initiated, but the effort proved futile. Powicke (1947), pp. 531–2. There were rumours that Montfort's son Simon (Simon VI de Montfort) was planning an invasion of England from Normandy, and this was the hope that the rebels hung on to. Powicke (1953), p. 208. It was in this situation that the papal legate Ottobuono Fieschi (Pope Adrian V) exerted his influence, to make the king pursue a more conciliatory policy. Ottobuono later became pope, as Adrian V (Pope Adrian V); Powicke (1947), pp. 526–8. In August, the king summoned a parliament at Kenilworth, where the siege was ongoing. Powicke (1947), p. 532. He commissioned a number of earls, barons and bishops to draft a treaty of reconciliation. Powicke (1953), p. 209. The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in 1198. It is blazoned as ''gules, three lions passant guardant or'' and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy. England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has ''God Save the Queen''. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: ''Jerusalem (Jerusalem (hymn))'', ''Land of Hope and Glory'' (used for England during the 2002 Commonwealth Games), Commons:Normandie


years study

Dieppe , in Normandy. After two years' study of philosophy and one year of law, Daniel entered the Society of Jesus in Rouen on 1 October 1621. He was sent as a missionary to Canada. He was slain by the Iroquois at Teanaostaye, near what is now Hillsdale, Simcoe County, Ontario. DATE OF BIRTH May 27, 1601 PLACE OF BIRTH Dieppe (Dieppe, Seine-Maritime), Normandy, France DATE OF DEATH July 4, 1648 Cordeir was born

Normandy

'''Normandy''' ( , Norman (Norman language): ''Nourmaundie'', from Old French ''Normanz'', plural of ''Normant'', originally from the word for "northman" in several Scandinavian languages) title Norman publisher Online Etymology Dictionary url http: www.etymonline.com index.php?term Norman accessdate April 2010 is a geographical region of France corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy.

Since 1956, Normandy has been divided into two administrative regions (Regions of France): Lower Normandy and Upper Normandy; these will be merged into one single region effective 1 January, 2016. The continental territory covers 30,627 km² Administrative Normandy and comprise two bailiwicks: Guernsey and Jersey, which are British Crown dependencies.

Upper Normandy (''Haute-Normandie'') consists of the French ''departments (département in France)'' of Seine-Maritime and Eure, and Lower Normandy (''Basse-Normandie'') of the ''departments (Département in France)'' of Orne, Calvados (Calvados (department)), and Manche. The earlier province (Provinces of France) of Normandy comprised present-day Upper and Lower Normandy, as well as small areas now part of the ''départements'' of Mayenne and Sarthe. The name is derived from the settlement of the territory by Vikings ("Northmen (Norsemen)") from the 9th century, and confirmed by treaty in the 10th century. For a century and a half following the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, Normandy and England were linked by Norman and Frankish (Franks) rulers.

During World War II, the D Day landings on the Normandy beaches, under the code name Operation Overlord, started the lengthy Battle of Normandy and resulted in the Liberation of Paris and the restoration of the French Republic. These landings were a significant turning point in the war.

Lower Normandy is predominantly agricultural in character, with cattle breeding the most important sector (although in decline from the peak levels of the 1970s and 1980s). The ''bocage'' is a patchwork of small fields with high hedges, typical of western areas. Upper Normandy contains a higher concentration of industry. Normandy is a significant cider-producing region, and also produces calvados (calvados (spirit)), a distilled cider or apple brandy. Other activities of economic importance are dairy produce, flax (60% of production in France), horse breeding (including two French national stud farms), fishing, seafood, and tourism. The region contains three French nuclear power stations. There is also easy access to and from the UK using the ports of Cherbourg, Caen (Ouistreham), Le Havre and Dieppe (Dieppe, Seine-Maritime). Houses and properties for sale. Normandy Property. Retrieved on 2013-09-19.

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