Norfolk Island

What is Norfolk Island known for?

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, cottages, inns and churches began to be built in the area. However the population growth on the eastern shore was much slower than that of Hobart Town, despite the close proximity of the young town. By the 1810s, a ferryman was making regular crossings of the Derwent between Sullivans Cove, and 'Kangaroo Point', near where the ferry still arrives at Bellerive Quay (Bellerive, Tasmania). The point was so-called due to the large numbers of Kangaroos that would be seen grazing there in the first few decades after European arrival. By the late 1810s, farmers, timbermen, and pioneers had begun settling on the eastern shore of the Derwent River. An obelisk from 1818 and designed by the New South Wales Government Architect, Francis Greenway, is located in the park and records the distance to various locations (Kilometre Zero) in New South Wales along the earliest roads developed in the colony. Later an anchor from the Norfolk Island wreckage of the First Fleet flagship, HMS ''Sirius'' (HMS Sirius (1786)), together with a cannon from the ship, were placed in the park. Oldest and smallest of the First Fleet ships, she was built in 1759 as an armed trader, of 175 tons, and had carried naval supplies between the Thames and Channel ports for 27 years. She left Portsmouth on 13 May 1787, and arrived at Botany Bay on 18 January 1788under the command of Captain Arthur Phillip (from Cape Town). She was captained by Henry Lidgbird Ball and the surgeon was James Callam. The Supply was also the first ship to sail into Port Jackson. After the establishment of the initial settlement at Port Jackson, she was the link between the colony and Norfolk Island, making 10 trips. Following the loss of ''Sirius'' in 1790 she became the colony's only link with the outside world. On 17 April 1790 she was sent to Batavia for supplies, returning on 19 September, having chartered a Dutch vessel, the ''Waaksamheid'', to follow with more stores. ''Supply'' left Port Jackson on 26 November 1791 and sailed via Cape Horn reaching Plymouth on 21 April 1792. She was bought at auction in July 1792, renamed ''Thomas and Nancy'', and carried coal in the Thames area until 1806. Plot ''Clarissa Oakes'' opens with the ''Surprise (HMS Surprise (1796))'' on her way back to England from Port Jackson in New South Wales. Jack Aubrey is in an ill-humour as a result of the frigate's visit to the penal settlement - firstly, because Stephen Maturin fought a duel with an army officer, consequently antagonizing the local administration, and secondly because Padeen Colman, Stephen's servant and an absconder, was secreted aboard the ship against Jack's express wishes. Jack also observes a certain ribaldry amongst his crew and remains puzzled until he and Captain Pullings stumble across a young female convict, Clarissa Harvill, during a ship's inspection. Jack learns that she was smuggled aboard the frigate in Sydney (Sydney, Australia) by Midshipman Oakes and is at first determined to leave them both on Norfolk Island but has a change of heart after being dosed with laudanum by Maturin and allows the couple to stay aboard until they can be put off at a hospitable port. It ceased to be a public holiday in Hong Kong after the territory's handover (transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong) to the People's Republic of China in 1997. Norfolk Island celebrates the Queen of Australia's birthday on the Monday after the second Saturday in June. Fiji also still celebrates the Queen's Official Birthday, along with the Prince of Wales (Charles, Prince of Wales)'s Birthday, since although the Queen ceased to be head of state in 1987, she remains recognised by the Great Council of Chiefs as traditional Queen or paramount chief of Fiji (Monarchy of Fiji). Chambers recorded her solo album ''The Captain'' on Norfolk Island over a few weeks in late 1998 with Nash Chambers producing the album and Bill Chambers on guitar. US country musicians Buddy Miller and Julie Miller added guitars and vocals to four tracks. ''The Captain'' was released in 1999 in Australia and in 2000 in the US. Chambers won the 1999 ARIA Award for "Best Country Album" for ''The Captain'' and a year later she would win "Best Female Artist". The strong word of mouth would eventually lead to ''The Captain'' going double platinum in Australia. ''The Captain'' would eventually reach the top 50 of the Billboard country albums in 2001 with Chambers touring the US as support act to Lucinda Williams. Subsequently, she supported Emmylou Harris on her Australian tour. Chambers would receive further exposure when ''The Captain'' was played on an episode of HBO's ''The Sopranos''. The '''Crimson Rosella''' (''Platycercus elegans'') is a parrot native to eastern and south eastern Australia which has been introduced to New Zealand and Norfolk Island. It is commonly found in, but not restricted to, mountain forests and gardens. The species as it now stands has subsumed two former separate species, the '''Yellow Rosella''' and the '''Adelaide Rosella'''. Molecular studies show one of the three red-coloured races, var. ''nigrescens'' is genetically more distinct. They are year-round residents. Although this bird coexists well at the edges of urban areas, it is declining in some areas as human populations increase. They were originally found mainly in the southwestern United States but they have been introduced into other areas including British Columbia, Hawaii, Chile, New Zealand, and to Norfolk Island and King Island (King Island (Tasmania)) in Australia. These birds forage on the ground, often scratching at the soil. They can sometimes be seen feeding at the sides of roads. Their diet consists mainly of seeds and leaves, but they also eat some berries and insects; for example, Toyon berries are a common food source. C.M. Hogan, 2008) If startled, these birds explode into short rapid flight, called "flushing". Given a choice, they will normally make their escape on foot. Chief Minister of Norfolk Island Gardner was the chief minister of Norfolk Island from 5 December 2001 to 2 June 2006. He was succeeded in that post by David Buffett. The New Zealand Pigeon belongs to the family Columbidae, and the subfamily Treroninae, which is found throughout Southeast Asia, Malaya (Malay Peninsula), Africa and New Zealand. The members of this subfamily feed largely on fruits, mainly drupes. Falla, R. A., R. B. Sibson, and E. G. Turbott (1979). The new guide to the birds of New Zealand and outlying islands. Collins, Auckland. New Zealand Pigeons are members of the pigeon (dove) genus ''Hemiphaga'' (Bonaparte (Charles Lucien Bonaparte), 1854), which is endemic to the New Zealand archipelago and Norfolk Island. However recently a ''Hemiphaga'' bone was found on Raoul Island. Worthy, T. H., and R. Brassey. (2000). New Zealand pigeon (''Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae'') on Raoul Island, Kermadec Group. ''Notornis'' '''47''' (1): 36–38 The Parea or Chatham Island Pigeon (''Hemiphaga chathamensis'') is traditionally considered a subspecies of the Kererū, but is here treated as a separate species. Taxonomy As generally accepted, there are three subspecies of New Zealand Pigeon; of these, only two survive: ''H. n. novaseelandiae'' of mainland New Zealand and ''H. n. chathamensis'' of the Chatham Islands. The other subspecies, Norfolk Pigeon (''H. n. spadicea'') of Norfolk Island, is now extinct (extinction). The subspecies differ in their plumage colour and physical morphology. Settlers started to arrive in 1807 as farmers were moved from Norfolk Island to Van Diemen's Land (the original name used by Europeans for Tasmania). Governor Macquarie (Lachlan Macquarie) granted land rights to the settlers, who originally called the area ''Norfolk Plains''. The town, originally called Latour, grew up around the Longford Hotel which was built in 1827 by Newman Williatt, and in 1833 the town was renamed Longford. Convict labour was free and settlers used this to build some fine houses and estates. Resettlement of Norfolk Islanders The town's pioneers were many of the 554 folk resettled from Norfolk Island during the period of 29 November 1807 to 2 October 1808. New Norfolk History 1986 ISBN 1 86252 303 Lt. Governor David Collins (David Collins (governor)) selected the site as a separate crop production area in the fertile valley, as the Norfolk Islanders were mainly farming families, who were offered extra acres in Tasmania as an incentive to relocate. The climate was colder than sub-tropical Norfolk Island, which proved a challenge for the hardy pioneers during the first few years, but eventually the district became self-supporting. Penal colonies in Australia Especially harsh floggings were given with it in secondary penal colonies (penal colony) of early colonial Australia, particularly at such places as Norfolk Island (apparently this has 9 leather thongs, each with a lead weight, meant as the ultimate deterrent for hardened life-convicts), Port Arthur (Port Arthur, Tasmania) and Moreton Bay (now Brisbane). WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island

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WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island

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of this was after Gail Cox, a police officer from Kent, UK, who was serving a temporary assignment on Pitcairn, began uncovering allegations of sexual abuse. When a 15-year-old girl decided to press rape charges in 1999, criminal proceedings (code-named "Operation Unique") were set in motion. The charges include 21 counts of rape, 41 of indecent assault and two of gross indecency with a child under 14. Over the following two years, police officers in Australia

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the more radical of two models proposed in the review, the island's legislative assembly would have been reduced to the status of a local council (Local government in Australia). However, in December 2006, citing the "significant disruption"

this did not save him from several weeks incarceration in the Sydney debtors' prison in May 1825. Here he evidently contracted dysentery, to which he succumbed in August 1825. Same-sex couples, in the ACT (Australian Capital Territory), New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria (Victoria (Australia)) may enter into a "registered relationship" (called "civil partnerships" in the ACT and Queensland and "significant relationships" in Tasmania

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name Endeavour Lodge alt url http: email address lat long directions phone tollfree fax price checkin checkout content Luxurious self-catering serviced apartments on Norfolk Island with Ocean views from all apartments. Environmentally Friendly property. AAA Tourism 4 Star & Green Star AAA rated *

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of the year. Major-General Harold Barrowclough (Harold Eric Barrowclough) was appointed to command the division on 12 August. Crawford 2000, p. 142. In October 1942, 34 Battalion and 36 Battalion (36th Battalion (New Zealand)) were detached from the Division to garrison Tonga and Norfolk Island respectively. Crawford 2000, p. 144. 36 Battalion was accompanied by detachments from the division's engineer, artillery and service units and was designated

time series

In 1855 Patteson set out to found the Melanesian Mission. He founded a college on Norfolk Island for native boys, toured the islands on the ship ''Southern Cross (Southern Cross (ship))'', and learned many of the local languages. In 1861 he was made Bishop of Melanesia. By the time Series 2 was underway Bond was already tired of Aunty Jack Johnson & Smiedt, 1999, p.222 so he decided to kill her off in the final episode, "The R-Certificate Show" when, shocked by the gratuitous sex and nudity, Aunty Jack expires from a heart attack. Bond then departed for a much-needed holiday on Norfolk Island where, jointly inspired by the convict ruins and his holiday reading, Errol Flynn's ''My Wicked Wicked Ways'', he came up with the concept for a new series set in the bushranger days, which became ''Flash Nick From Jindivik''. Availability Imparja Television broadcasts throughout most of the Northern Territory, and also to some remote parts of Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria (Victoria, Australia), Tasmania and Norfolk Island. It is generally available by satellite on the VAST (Viewer Access Satellite Television) or Optus Aurora platforms, though in some locations it is broadcast terrestrially. Imparja Television has the largest geographic range of any commercial television network in Australia. Imparja is also received on the Spirit of Tasmania (TT-Line Company) Bass Strait Ferries. Following the Molesworth committee's report, transportation to New South Wales was abolished in 1840, although it continued to other colonies. Disturbed at reports of conditions on Norfolk Island, Lord Normanby, Secretary of State for the Colonies, suggested that a new system should be used, and the superintendence given to an officer deeply concerned with the moral welfare of the convicts. Maconochie was recommended to put this new system in place. In 1800, having established a reputation as an able and efficient administrator, Foveaux offered to go to Norfolk Island as Lieutenant-Governor. Finding the island run down, he built it up with particular attention to public works, for which he earned the praise of Governor King (Philip Gidley King). Bounty Day is the national holiday of Norfolk Island, celebrated annually on 8 June, in memory of the arrival of the Pitcairn Islanders on Norfolk Island in 1856. Norfolk Islanders Norfolk Island Time Line Prior to 8 June 1856, Norfolk Island had been a penal colony, but was granted by Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom) to the Pitcairners as a home in 1856. WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island

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of New Bedford.

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- thumb left Sooty Shearwater (Image:Puffinus griseus.png)s ''Puffinus griseus'' are still harvested in New Zealand using traditional techniques Procellariids have been a seasonally abundant source of food for people wherever people have been able to reach their colonies. Early records of human exploitation of shearwaters (along with albatrosses and cormorants) come from the remains of hunter-gatherer middens in southern Chile, where Sooty Shearwaters were taken 5000 years ago. Simeone, A. & Navarro, X. (2002) "Human exploitation of seabirds in coastal southern Chile during the mid-Holocene" ''Rev. chil. hist. nat'' '''75'''(2): 423–431 More recently procellariids have been hunted for food by Europeans, particularly the Northern Fulmar in Europe, and various species by eskimos, and sailors around the world. The hunting pressure on the Bermuda Petrel, or Cahow, was so intense that the species nearly went extinct and did go missing for 300 years. The name of one species, the Providence Petrel, is derived from its (seemingly) miraculous arrival on Norfolk Island, where it provided a windfall for starving European settlers; Anderson, A. (1996) "Origins of Procellariidae Hunting in the Southwest Pacific


of large-scale opera concerts, more intimate matinees,champagne afternoon concerts and a traditional Island banquet and launch. Singers and classical musicians are brought in from Australia and New Zealand by boutique opera company, OPERATIF. This festival attracts hundreds of patrons each February primarily from Australia and New Zealand, but also from the USA, UK and SE Asia. Budget thumb 300px Norfolk Island masked boobies (File:Norfolk_Island_masked_boobies.jpg) * The '''Foodland

Norfolk Island

'''Norfolk Island''' ( from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories (States and territories of Australia). It has 2,300 inhabitants living on a total area of about 35 km 2 . Its capital is Kingston (Kingston, Norfolk Island).

Originally settled by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Great Britain (Kingdom of Great Britain) as part of its settlement of Australia in 1788. The island served as a convict penal settlement until May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 1814 and 1825, when it was abandoned. In 1856 permanent civilian residence on the island began when it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag (Flag of Norfolk Island). Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also worldwide.

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