Nong Samet Refugee Camp

What is Nong Samet Refugee Camp known for?


sponsorship

to do, he climbed up on the roof and started nailing down the lattice work on which the thatch would be placed. When ditches were dug, he was there with a hoe." Mason and Brown, P. 190. Thou Thon’s brother Colonel Thou Thip had co-founded the KPNLF in Paris in 1978, together with Son Sann and Dien Del among others. Thou Thon also had a brother and a sister in New Zealand but he refused to accept their sponsorship offers. Unlike Thou Thip, Thou Thon


quot based

; ref gives credence to, but Mason and Brown calculate that it probably fluctuated between 48,000 Mason and Brown, p. 89. and 60,000. Mason and Brown, p. 71. The American Refugee Committee's 1983 Annual Report numbered the population at "between 45,000 and 70,000," based on food distribution statistics, immunization records, and birth and death tallies, Mastro, T., "Nong Samet 1983 Annual Report," American


food

in large numbers after Vietnam invaded Kampuchea in December, 1978 and forced the Khmer Rouge out of power. Mason, Linda and Brown, Roger, ''Rice, Rivalry and Politics: Managing Cambodian Relief''. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983, pp. 12-15. A refugee settlement was established near the Thai village of Ban Nong Samet sometime in May 1979, and received its first shipment of food aid on October 11. Mason and Brown, p

was located originally just inside the Thai border, about one kilometer northeast of Mak Mun and two kilometers northeast of Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp). Almost immediately all three camps were dominated by autonomous warlords who, with several hundred undisciplined and badly-equipped guerrillas, controlled commercial activities and managed food distribution to the civilian population. The camp's first leader was Long Rithia, a former

a short time Nong Samet's market attracted thousands of traders and black marketeers, and the guides and guards needed to transport goods and cash in this nearly lawless region. Gold and precious stones often substituted for currency on the border, and In-Sakhan's soldiers frequently served as security escorts. In-Sakhan initially reported to International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) that the camp's population was at least 200,000 and aid agencies provided food and water


leadership

this, Thou Thon became chief administrator of the camp. Nong Samet Camp soon became a primary recruiting location for Khmer People's National Liberation Armed Forces troops. Radu M, Arnold A. ''The New Insurgencies: Anticommunist Guerrillas in the Third World''. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1990, p. 31. Thou Thon's leadership Thou Thon was a model of strong yet considerate civilian leadership at a time when warlords controlled most of the border refugee

Embassy in Bangkok wrote: :"The Khmer (Khmer people) camp at Nong Samet...always held the most exotic fascination and excitement for me.... A tall forest provided welcome shade. The stone ruins of an old Angkor-style Buddhist temple gave it a particularly Khmer air. While its early military leadership was among the more corrupt, disruptive and despicable, the camp was unusually well organized and tightly run.... It had an interesting population and a lively market. For a time


commercial activities

was located originally just inside the Thai border, about one kilometer northeast of Mak Mun and two kilometers northeast of Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp). Almost immediately all three camps were dominated by autonomous warlords who, with several hundred undisciplined and badly-equipped guerrillas, controlled commercial activities and managed food distribution to the civilian population. The camp's first leader was Long Rithia, a former


migration

, this policy was reversed. The Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (International Organization for Migration) conducted preliminary screening of the 1,804 NW82 Vietnamese and coordinated efforts of the 15 countries willing to offer resettlement to the refugees. By January 28, 1983, when the first round of processing was completed, 1,713 of the refugees had received resettlement offers. The United States accepted just over 60 percent.

Thai-Cambodian Border Camps * Columbia University's Forced Migration Website * History of the Cambodian Health Committee * Vietnamese Refugees at Nong Samet Camp Coordinates (As of January 1983) Category:Refugee camps


international family

and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international


exploits

maintained at best only a lukewarm relationship with Son Sann. Crossette B. "After the killing fields: Cambodia's forgotten refugees." ''New York Times Magazine'', 1988;26:17-68. In 1983, at a time when Nong Samet was being terrorized nightly by violent acts of banditry, local policing was so ineffective that the bandits could brag about their exploits in the marketplace. Finally, after


food program

Annual Report, pp. 4-8. Food and some water were provided by the World Food Program under the supervision of the United Nations Border Relief Operation (UNBRO). Deep wells also provided potable water for much of the camp. Other services fluctuated over the years, but in September 1983 supplementary feeding was being handled by Catholic Relief Services (CRS), sanitation and maternal-child health by World Concern, physical rehabilitation by Handicap International, and security by UNBRO. CRS also operated a mobile dental team and the Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC) provided a weekly X-ray service. Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. ''The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand''. Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49. Personal recollections from aid workers thumb right The "Old Temple", Prasaht Sdok Kok Thom (File:Sdok Kok Thom 1984.jpg) just outside Nong Samet Refugee Camp, where refugee monks provided religious services to camp residents, May 1984. Several aid workers have described their experiences at Nong Samet Camp, including Dr. Louis Braile: :"There was really a palpable difference between Nong Samet and KID (Khao-I-Dang Holding Center). Perhaps it arose from the wilderness atmosphere. Perhaps it was the presence of the ancient ruins, or perhaps it was the fact that these people, unlike the KID residents, had little hope of expatriating (expatriate)." Braile, L. E. (2005). ''We shared the peeled orange: the letters of "Papa Louis" from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993''. Saint Paul, Syren Book Co. 2005, p. 25. Dr. Steven H. Miles, Medical Director for the American Refugee Committee, wrote: :"Relief at the end of the Khmer Rouge has been replaced by fear of the present. There is a hard hopelessness here, much more so than in the past. Escape is not possible. Violence and corruption are pervasive. War is certain. Fear, a sense of extreme vulnerability, is the omnipresent emotion. My experience of Nong Samet in 1983 was overwhelmingly, searingly sad." Miles, S.H., ''Samet Field Evaluation'', American Refugee Committee, internal document, Minneapolis MN, 1983, p. 2. Robert C. Porter Jr. of the US Embassy in Bangkok (Embassy of the United States, Bangkok) wrote: :"The Khmer (Khmer people) camp at Nong Samet...always held the most exotic fascination and excitement for me.... A tall forest provided welcome shade. The stone ruins of an old Angkor-style Buddhist temple gave it a particularly Khmer air. While its early military leadership was among the more corrupt, disruptive and despicable, the camp was unusually well organized and tightly run.... It had an interesting population and a lively market. For a time in 1979 and 1980 it was the most populous Cambodian city on earth, far surpassing the then reawakening but still tiny Phnom Penh." Porter, R. C., "A Perspective on the Start of the Relief Operation", in Levy and Susott, pp. 19-20. The Vietnamese dry-season offensive of 1984 (As of January 1983) Category:Refugee camps in Thailand Category:Humanitarian aid Category:History of Cambodia Category:History of Thailand Category:Cambodia–Vietnam relations Category:Cambodia–Thailand border Category:1979 establishments in Thailand Category:1984 disestablishments in Thailand *Palestine refugee camps (opened 1948) *Camps on the Thai-Cambodian border between 1979 and 1993: Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp), Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp), Sa Kaeo (Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp), Site Two (Site Two Refugee Camp), Khao-I-Dang * Philippine Refugee Processing Center for Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian refugees fleeing wars in Indochina. • 155,000 Cambodians in nine camps in the border's Central sector stretching from Ban Sangae to Tap Prik. In five camps in the Central (or Northwestern) sector (Ban Sangae, Kok Tahan, Phnom Chat, Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp) and Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp)) UNBRO was permitted to carry out frequent headcounts and direct distribution of food. UNBRO also distributed food in two of the Khmer Rouge camps to the south of Aranyaprathet (Nong Prue and Tap Prik) although initially it was not permitted to carry out headcounts. The Central sector also included NW82 (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Vietnamese refugees at NW82), a subcamp located at Nong Samet housing 800 Vietnamese land refugees assisted by ICRC. One of ARC's first programs opened at Khao-I-Dang refugee camp in Thailand in late 1979. Louis Braile, ''We Shared the Peeled Orange: the letters of "Papa Louis" from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993.'' Saint Paul, Syren Book Co., 2005. ARC also provided medical and public health services (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Camp_services) at Nong Samet Refugee Camp, ARC 1983 Annual Report, pp. 4-8. Phanat Nikhom, Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. ''The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand.'' Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49. Ban Vinai CCSDPT, p. 51. and Site Two Refugee Camp until 1993, when the camps closed and ARC turned its attention to programs inside Cambodia. ARC later provided health, sanitation and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international agencies had argued was not feasible. Miles SH, Maat RB. "A Successful Supervised Outpatient Short-course Tuberculosis Treatment Program in an Open Refugee Camp on the Thai-Cambodian Border." ''Am Rev Respir Dis'' 1984;130(5):827-30. Maat R.B. "The Major Disruption at Samet, Christmas, 1984." Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Jesuit Refugee Service, 1985.


innovative program

and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international agencies had argued was not feasible. Miles SH, Maat RB. "A Successful Supervised Outpatient Short-course Tuberculosis Treatment Program in an Open Refugee Camp on the Thai-Cambodian Border." ''Am Rev Respir Dis'' 1984;130(5):827-30. Maat R.B. "The Major Disruption at Samet, Christmas, 1984." Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Jesuit Refugee Service, 1985.

Nong Samet Refugee Camp

'''Nong Samet Refugee Camp''' ( , also known as '''007''', '''Rithisen''' or '''Rithysen'''), located in Nong Samet Village, Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand, was one of the largest refugee camps on the Thai (Thailand)-Cambodian border and served as a power base for the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) until its destruction by the Vietnamese military in late 1984.

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