Nong Samet Refugee Camp

What is Nong Samet Refugee Camp known for?


ta

to the Thai Third Infantry Battalion." Stone and McGowan, p. 22. He later joined Prince Norodom Sihanouk's Armée Nationale Sihanoukiste (Military history of Cambodia#Arm.C3.A9e_Nationale_Sihanoukiste) (ANS) forces. Corfield J. J. "A History of the Cambodian Non-Communist Resistance, 1975-1983." Clayton, Vic., Australia: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1991, p. 12. In-Sakhan was replaced by Om Luot (also known as Ta

; and was transported by bus on January 20–22, 1985 to Site 7 (Bang Poo or Bang Phu, "Village of the Crab"), a new camp created next to Khao-I-Dang Holding Center. Maat, p. 7. On September 29 the population was transported to Site Two Refugee Camp near Ta Phraya (Amphoe Ta Phraya). In Site Two, Nong Samet's population maintained a separate section and its own identity, with many services and much of its administration unchanged.


leadership

this, Thou Thon became chief administrator of the camp. Nong Samet Camp soon became a primary recruiting location for Khmer People's National Liberation Armed Forces troops. Radu M, Arnold A. ''The New Insurgencies: Anticommunist Guerrillas in the Third World''. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1990, p. 31. Thou Thon's leadership Thou Thon was a model of strong yet considerate civilian leadership at a time when warlords controlled most of the border refugee

Embassy in Bangkok wrote: :"The Khmer (Khmer people) camp at Nong Samet...always held the most exotic fascination and excitement for me.... A tall forest provided welcome shade. The stone ruins of an old Angkor-style Buddhist temple gave it a particularly Khmer air. While its early military leadership was among the more corrupt, disruptive and despicable, the camp was unusually well organized and tightly run.... It had an interesting population and a lively market. For a time


quot based

; ref gives credence to, but Mason and Brown calculate that it probably fluctuated between 48,000 Mason and Brown, p. 89. and 60,000. Mason and Brown, p. 71. The American Refugee Committee's 1983 Annual Report numbered the population at "between 45,000 and 70,000," based on food distribution statistics, immunization records, and birth and death tallies, Mastro, T., "Nong Samet 1983 Annual Report," American


horror

communities, distributed to aid workers by the American Refugee Committee in May 1984. Rivalry with neighboring camps Nong Chan and Mak Mun led to frequent armed violence. In-Sakhan also had to defend the camp against the Khmer Rouge, who launched an attack on January 4, 1980 from nearby Phnom Chat. Durant, Thomas S., "Attack on 007 (Nong Samet), January 4, 1980," in ''Years of Horror, Days of Hope'', B.S. Levy and D.C. Susott, eds., 1986, 137-40 The camp

border documents French-1994-Site-II-dissertation.pdf French, Lindsey Cole. "Enduring Holocaust, Surviving History: Displaced Cambodians on the Thai-Cambodian Border, 1989-1991." Harvard University, 1994. References Further reading * Levy, B. S. and D. C. Susott (1987). ''Years of horror, days of hope: responding to the Cambodian refugee crisis''. Millwood, N.Y., Associated Faculty Press. ISBN 978-0-8046-9396-7


complex political

, on land considered to be on the Cambodian side of the border. This move was precipitated by accusations that Thailand was harboring anti-communist guerrillas on its territory, thereby aggravating the already complex political situation. Robinson C. ''Terms of refuge: the Indochinese exodus & the international response''. London ; New


early military

Embassy in Bangkok wrote: :"The Khmer (Khmer people) camp at Nong Samet...always held the most exotic fascination and excitement for me.... A tall forest provided welcome shade. The stone ruins of an old Angkor-style Buddhist temple gave it a particularly Khmer air. While its early military leadership was among the more corrupt, disruptive and despicable, the camp was unusually well organized and tightly run.... It had an interesting population and a lively market. For a time in 1979 and 1980 it was the most populous Cambodian city on earth, far surpassing the then reawakening but still tiny Phnom Penh." Porter, R. C., "A Perspective on the Start of the Relief Operation", in Levy and Susott, pp. 19-20. The Vietnamese dry-season offensive of 1984 (As of January 1983) Category:Refugee camps in Thailand Category:Humanitarian aid Category:History of Cambodia Category:History of Thailand Category:Cambodia–Vietnam relations Category:Cambodia–Thailand border Category:1979 establishments in Thailand Category:1984 disestablishments in Thailand *Palestine refugee camps (opened 1948) *Camps on the Thai-Cambodian border between 1979 and 1993: Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp), Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp), Sa Kaeo (Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp), Site Two (Site Two Refugee Camp), Khao-I-Dang * Philippine Refugee Processing Center for Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian refugees fleeing wars in Indochina. • 155,000 Cambodians in nine camps in the border's Central sector stretching from Ban Sangae to Tap Prik. In five camps in the Central (or Northwestern) sector (Ban Sangae, Kok Tahan, Phnom Chat, Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp) and Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp)) UNBRO was permitted to carry out frequent headcounts and direct distribution of food. UNBRO also distributed food in two of the Khmer Rouge camps to the south of Aranyaprathet (Nong Prue and Tap Prik) although initially it was not permitted to carry out headcounts. The Central sector also included NW82 (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Vietnamese refugees at NW82), a subcamp located at Nong Samet housing 800 Vietnamese land refugees assisted by ICRC. One of ARC's first programs opened at Khao-I-Dang refugee camp in Thailand in late 1979. Louis Braile, ''We Shared the Peeled Orange: the letters of "Papa Louis" from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993.'' Saint Paul, Syren Book Co., 2005. ARC also provided medical and public health services (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Camp_services) at Nong Samet Refugee Camp, ARC 1983 Annual Report, pp. 4-8. Phanat Nikhom, Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. ''The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand.'' Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49. Ban Vinai CCSDPT, p. 51. and Site Two Refugee Camp until 1993, when the camps closed and ARC turned its attention to programs inside Cambodia. ARC later provided health, sanitation and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international agencies had argued was not feasible. Miles SH, Maat RB. "A Successful Supervised Outpatient Short-course Tuberculosis Treatment Program in an Open Refugee Camp on the Thai-Cambodian Border." ''Am Rev Respir Dis'' 1984;130(5):827-30. Maat R.B. "The Major Disruption at Samet, Christmas, 1984." Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Jesuit Refugee Service, 1985.


rivalry

in large numbers after Vietnam invaded Kampuchea in December, 1978 and forced the Khmer Rouge out of power. Mason, Linda and Brown, Roger, ''Rice, Rivalry and Politics: Managing Cambodian Relief''. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1983, pp. 12-15. A refugee settlement was established near the Thai village of Ban Nong Samet sometime in May 1979, and received its first shipment of food aid on October 11. Mason and Brown, p

for 180,000 people until December 1979 when aid workers heard that much of the food was being hoarded by the warlord. UNICEF Monitoring Report, 6 March 1980. At this time the situation on the border was still too chaotic to do a proper census or to challenge In-Sakhan. Rivalry with neighboring camps File:Map of Thai Border Refugee Camps, 1984.jpg thumb right Map of Thai Border Refugee Camps, with roads and nearby Thai

communities, distributed to aid workers by the American Refugee Committee in May 1984. Rivalry with neighboring camps Nong Chan and Mak Mun led to frequent armed violence. In-Sakhan also had to defend the camp against the Khmer Rouge, who launched an attack on January 4, 1980 from nearby Phnom Chat. Durant, Thomas S., "Attack on 007 (Nong Samet), January 4, 1980," in ''Years of Horror, Days of Hope'', B.S. Levy and D.C. Susott, eds., 1986, 137-40 The camp


international family

and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international


food program

Annual Report, pp. 4-8. Food and some water were provided by the World Food Program under the supervision of the United Nations Border Relief Operation (UNBRO). Deep wells also provided potable water for much of the camp. Other services fluctuated over the years, but in September 1983 supplementary feeding was being handled by Catholic Relief Services (CRS), sanitation and maternal-child health by World Concern, physical rehabilitation by Handicap International, and security by UNBRO. CRS also operated a mobile dental team and the Japan International Volunteer Center (JVC) provided a weekly X-ray service. Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. ''The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand''. Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49. Personal recollections from aid workers thumb right The "Old Temple", Prasaht Sdok Kok Thom (File:Sdok Kok Thom 1984.jpg) just outside Nong Samet Refugee Camp, where refugee monks provided religious services to camp residents, May 1984. Several aid workers have described their experiences at Nong Samet Camp, including Dr. Louis Braile: :"There was really a palpable difference between Nong Samet and KID (Khao-I-Dang Holding Center). Perhaps it arose from the wilderness atmosphere. Perhaps it was the presence of the ancient ruins, or perhaps it was the fact that these people, unlike the KID residents, had little hope of expatriating (expatriate)." Braile, L. E. (2005). ''We shared the peeled orange: the letters of "Papa Louis" from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993''. Saint Paul, Syren Book Co. 2005, p. 25. Dr. Steven H. Miles, Medical Director for the American Refugee Committee, wrote: :"Relief at the end of the Khmer Rouge has been replaced by fear of the present. There is a hard hopelessness here, much more so than in the past. Escape is not possible. Violence and corruption are pervasive. War is certain. Fear, a sense of extreme vulnerability, is the omnipresent emotion. My experience of Nong Samet in 1983 was overwhelmingly, searingly sad." Miles, S.H., ''Samet Field Evaluation'', American Refugee Committee, internal document, Minneapolis MN, 1983, p. 2. Robert C. Porter Jr. of the US Embassy in Bangkok (Embassy of the United States, Bangkok) wrote: :"The Khmer (Khmer people) camp at Nong Samet...always held the most exotic fascination and excitement for me.... A tall forest provided welcome shade. The stone ruins of an old Angkor-style Buddhist temple gave it a particularly Khmer air. While its early military leadership was among the more corrupt, disruptive and despicable, the camp was unusually well organized and tightly run.... It had an interesting population and a lively market. For a time in 1979 and 1980 it was the most populous Cambodian city on earth, far surpassing the then reawakening but still tiny Phnom Penh." Porter, R. C., "A Perspective on the Start of the Relief Operation", in Levy and Susott, pp. 19-20. The Vietnamese dry-season offensive of 1984 (As of January 1983) Category:Refugee camps in Thailand Category:Humanitarian aid Category:History of Cambodia Category:History of Thailand Category:Cambodia–Vietnam relations Category:Cambodia–Thailand border Category:1979 establishments in Thailand Category:1984 disestablishments in Thailand *Palestine refugee camps (opened 1948) *Camps on the Thai-Cambodian border between 1979 and 1993: Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp), Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp), Sa Kaeo (Sa Kaeo Refugee Camp), Site Two (Site Two Refugee Camp), Khao-I-Dang * Philippine Refugee Processing Center for Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian refugees fleeing wars in Indochina. • 155,000 Cambodians in nine camps in the border's Central sector stretching from Ban Sangae to Tap Prik. In five camps in the Central (or Northwestern) sector (Ban Sangae, Kok Tahan, Phnom Chat, Nong Samet (Nong Samet Refugee Camp) and Nong Chan (Nong Chan Refugee Camp)) UNBRO was permitted to carry out frequent headcounts and direct distribution of food. UNBRO also distributed food in two of the Khmer Rouge camps to the south of Aranyaprathet (Nong Prue and Tap Prik) although initially it was not permitted to carry out headcounts. The Central sector also included NW82 (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Vietnamese refugees at NW82), a subcamp located at Nong Samet housing 800 Vietnamese land refugees assisted by ICRC. One of ARC's first programs opened at Khao-I-Dang refugee camp in Thailand in late 1979. Louis Braile, ''We Shared the Peeled Orange: the letters of "Papa Louis" from the Thai-Cambodian Border Refugee Camps, 1981-1993.'' Saint Paul, Syren Book Co., 2005. ARC also provided medical and public health services (Nong Samet Refugee Camp#Camp_services) at Nong Samet Refugee Camp, ARC 1983 Annual Report, pp. 4-8. Phanat Nikhom, Committee for the Coordination of Displaced Persons in Thailand. ''The CCSDPT handbook: Refugee Services in Thailand.'' Bangkok: Craftsman Press, 1983, p. 49. Ban Vinai CCSDPT, p. 51. and Site Two Refugee Camp until 1993, when the camps closed and ARC turned its attention to programs inside Cambodia. ARC later provided health, sanitation and laboratory services at Khao Phlu Refugee Camp from 1997 until 1999. Virginia Morrison, "Contraceptive Need Among Cambodian Refugees in Khao Phlu Camp," International Family Planning Perspectives Volume 26, Number 4, December 2000, 188-192. ARC pioneered the treatment of tuberculosis in refugee-camp settings using an innovative program structure that other international agencies had argued was not feasible. Miles SH, Maat RB. "A Successful Supervised Outpatient Short-course Tuberculosis Treatment Program in an Open Refugee Camp on the Thai-Cambodian Border." ''Am Rev Respir Dis'' 1984;130(5):827-30. Maat R.B. "The Major Disruption at Samet, Christmas, 1984." Occasional Paper No. 1. Washington, D.C.: Jesuit Refugee Service, 1985.


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Thai-Cambodian Border Camps * Columbia University's Forced Migration Website * History of the Cambodian Health Committee * Vietnamese Refugees at Nong Samet Camp Coordinates (As of January 1983) Category:Refugee camps

Nong Samet Refugee Camp

'''Nong Samet Refugee Camp''' ( , also known as '''007''', '''Rithisen''' or '''Rithysen'''), located in Nong Samet Village, Khok Sung District, Sa Kaeo Province, Thailand, was one of the largest refugee camps on the Thai (Thailand)-Cambodian border and served as a power base for the Khmer People's National Liberation Front (KPNLF) until its destruction by the Vietnamese military in late 1984.

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