, and Nicaragua. The treaty is aimed at promoting free trade between its members. Canada and Mexico are negotiating membership. The navy's mission was to discourage seaborne Contra (Contras) attacks and to deter CIA-run operations such as the destruction of diesel storage facilities at Corinto (Corinto, Nicaragua) in 1983 and the mining of Nicaraguan harbors in 1984. The Sandinista navy ('' ''--MGS), which had reached a peak strength
, celebrates the independence of Guatemala (a Patriotic Day (Días Patrios (Guatemala))), El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica from Spain in 1821. *International Day of Democracy (International (International observance)) Rushdie wrote a non-fiction book about Nicaragua in the 1980s, ''The Jaguar Smile'' (1987). The book has a political focus and is based on his first-hand experiences and research at the scene of Sandinista political experiments. The '''Sandinista National Liberation Front''' (
his hair red. Asked why he did that, he answered that he dyed his hair just because he felt like it. Nicaragua Beginning in 1967 the DI had begun to establish ties with various Nicaraguan revolutionary organizations. The Soviets were upset at what they saw as Cuba upstaging the KGB in Nicaragua.
"''. On October 3, 1821, the Captaincy General of Guatemala (formed of Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua
(biology) order Anura (Frog). These frogs live from the southern Texas through Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador to Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The family was once more widespread, including species ranging as far north as Canada, but these died out in the Oligocene.
May 1985, 12. She was awarded a Development Education Award in 1992 for her field mission work in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. "TEN CANADIANS RECEIVE DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION AWARDS," ''Canada News-Wire'', 29 January 1992, 15:12. In the same period, she helped develop a junior high school course addressing themes of poverty, the environment and international development. "Poverty comes to classroom," ''Hamilton Spectator'', 26 March 1992, C6. She later worked through the International Program at Trent University to target water pollution at Lago San Pablo in Ecuador and the Rio Texcoco in Mexico. JoElle Kovach, "Cleaning Ecuador's water supply: Trent project is making a difference," ''Peterborough Examiner'', 10 July 2001, B1. She opposed Canada's military intervention in Afghanistan in 2001 and later opposed the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Floyd Howlett and Linda Slavin, "Are we at war?", ''Peterborough Examiner'', 23 November 2001, A4; Alan and Linda Slavin, "This would be a racist war," ''Peterborough Examiner'', 17 February 2003, A5. She was granted Trent University's Eminent Service Award in 2003. "Professor Emeritus and Eminent Service Awards announced," ''M2 Presswire'', 12 June 2003. '''''Under Fire''''' is a 1983 political film set during the last days of the Somoza (Anastasio Somoza Debayle) regime in 1979 Nicaragua. It stars Nick Nolte, Gene Hackman and Joanna Cassidy. The story is fictional, but was inspired by actual events, namely the murder of ABC reporter Bill Stewart (Bill Stewart (television journalist)) by Somoza forces. The musical score by Jerry Goldsmith, which featured well-known jazz guitarist Pat Metheny, was nominated for an Academy Award (Academy Award for Original Music Score). The editing by Mark Conte and John Bloom (John Bloom (film editor)) was nominated for a BAFTA Award for Best Editing. As a trained lawyer and writer, he has documented U.S. policy in nearly two dozen countries. Since 1986, Willson has studied on-site policies in a number of countries, among them Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Cuba, Haiti, Iraq, Israel (and Palestinian territories), Japan, and Korea, both North (North Korea) and South (South Korea). Documenting the pattern of policies that he says "violate U.S. Constitutional (United States Constitution) and international laws prohibiting aggression and war crimes," Willson has been an educator and activist, teaching about the dangers of these policies. He has participated in lengthy fasts, actions of nonviolent civil disobedience, and tax refusal (Tax resister#Refusing to pay) along with voluntary simplicity. Organizations Willson helped create ''Veterans Education Project'' (VEP) in Massachusetts; ''Vietnam Veterans Peace Education Network'' (VVPEN) in New England; ''National Federation of Veterans For Peace'' (NFVFP) in 1986 in Washington, DC; ''Veterans Fast For Life'' (VFFL) in 1986 on steps of US Capitol, a water-only fast that concluded after 47 days, which led to the four fasters being placed on a domestic "terrorist" watch list; ''Veterans Peace Action Teams'' (VPAT) in 1987, training and sending observation and work teams into Nicaragua and El Salvador, a project that lasted 3 years; ''Nuremberg Actions'' at Concord, CA in 1987; ''Institute For the Practice of Nonviolence'' in 1988 in San Francisco; and ''The People's Fast For Justice and Peace in the Americas'', a 42-day water fast on the steps of the US Capitol in 1992. Willson was one of the first members of Veterans for Peace. As its prosperity eroded in the 1980s, Venezuela saw its role as a donor, particularly as a bilateral one, wane. The country's most prominent economic assistance during the decade was dispensed through the joint San José Accord that it administered along with Mexico in order to provide subsidized oil to the Caribbean Basin region. Throughout the decade, Venezuela remained disposed to intervene in Central America. After supporting the Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional—FSLN) against the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua in 1979, the Venezuelan government also provided financial assistance to the Sandinistas' opposition, the National Opposition Union (Unión Nacional Oppositora—UNO), in its successful bid for power in 1990. Some minimal bilateral funding through the FIV continued in the early 1990s, mainly to promote the country's commercial interests. '''''Dioon''''' is a genus of cycads in the family Zamiaceae. It contains 11 accepted species that are native to Mexico, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Their habitats include tropical forests, pine-oak forest (Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests), and dry hillsides, canyons and coastal dunes. key_people Fulvio Conti (CEO (chief executive officer)) , Paolo Andrea Colombo (Chairman) area_served Italy, Spain, France, Belgium, Greece, Bulgaria, Slovakia, Romania, Russia, USA (United States), Chile, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panama, Costa Rica, Brazil industry Electric utility The '''Asociación de Scouts de Nicaragua''' (ASN, roughly ''Scout Association of Nicaragua'') is the national Scouting organization of Nicaragua. Scouting in Nicaragua started in 1917 and became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) in 1946. The coeducational association has 1,509 members (as of 2011).
to know about traveling and living on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. • '''The Nicaraguan Bugle''' (In English). Office based in Granada. News on events, unusual travel, business, sports, real estate, and investing.
, and clockwise the provinces Heredia (Heredia Province), San José (San Jose Province), Puntarenas (Puntarenas Province) and Guanacaste (Guanacaste Province). The province covers an area of 9,757.53 km², Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), 2001. and has a population of 767,143. Estimates of Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), May 2003. The settlement of the northern portion of this province only began in earnest
. The capital is the city of Heredia (Heredia, Costa Rica). The province covers an area of 2,657 km², Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), 2001 and has a population of 378,681. Estimates of Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), May 2003 '''Limón''' is one of seven provinces (Provinces of Costa Rica) in Costa Rica. The majority of its territory is situated in the country's Caribbean lowlands, though the southwestern
George School Service Learning Many people living in Pico-Union are immigrants from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Nicaragua drawn to the area's low income housing and proximity to Salvadoran and Guatemalan consulates. Olivo, Antonio. "Learning From a Community’s Hard Work." ''Los Angeles Times''. October
the two superpowers was resolved by the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its nuclear missiles from Cuba in exchange for the United States removing its nuclear missiles from Turkey. Bolivia faced Marxist-Leninist revolution in the 1960s that included Che Guevara as a leader until being killed there by government forces. Uruguay faced Marxist-Leninist revolution from the Tupamaros movement from the 1960s to the 1970s. A brief dramatic episode of Marxist-Leninist revolution took place in North
'''Nicaragua''' (AmE ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 (11th parallel north) and 14 (14th parallel north) degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands; wet, cooler central highlands; and the Caribbean lowlands (Caribbean Lowlands). On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash (volcanic ash) from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. Since 2007, Daniel Ortega has been the president.
The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous (indigenous peoples) native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito (Miskito language), Sumo (Sumo language), and Rama (Rama language), as well as English creole (English-based creole languages). The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.