by an anonymous author in the 16th century, making it one of the oldest indigenous (indigenous culture) theatrical dance works of the Western Hemisphere. In 2005 it was recognized by UNESCO as "a patrimony of humanity,"
A Presidential Documents month December year 2005 accessdate 2007-10-01 format PDF the US may dispose of Puerto Rico by transferring it to another sovereign country as a mere disposition of property. "While the approval of the commonwealth constitution marked a historic change in the civil government for the islands, neither it, nor the public laws approved by Congress in 1950 and 1952, revoked statutory provisions concerning the legal relationship of Puerto Rico
. While the Spanish made significant conquests in the southern half of the area, they had less success in the Caribbean section, on the north. They founded a number of towns on the coast, Puerto Caballos in the east, and on the west, and sent minerals and other exports across the country from the Pacific side to be sent to Spain from the Atlantic ports. The founded a number of inland towns on the northwestern side
supporting revolutions abroad and was active in assisting the ELN (National Liberation Army (Colombia)) in Colombia, the FMLN in El Salvador, the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement in Grenada.
News, Views, and Analysis Venezuela agreed to forgive Nicaragua's US$31 million debt as a result. On February 23, 2007, Ortega visited Caracas to solidify Nicaragua's participation in ALBA. Prensa Latina However, Nicaragua is also a member of the Central America Free Trade Agreement ( CAFTA
). Newly elected President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua signed the agreement in January 2007; venezuelanalysis.com Venezuela News, Views, and Analysis Venezuela agreed to forgive Nicaragua's US$31 million debt as a result. On February 23, 2007, Ortega visited Caracas to solidify Nicaragua's participation in ALBA.
became an influential figurehead for leftist groups in the region, extending support to Marxist Revolutionary movements throughout Latin America, most notably aiding the Sandinistas in overthrowing Somoza in Nicaragua in 1979. In 1971, Fidel Castro took a month-long visit to Chile. The visit, in which Castro participated actively in the internal politics of the country, holding massive rallies and giving public advice to Salvador Allende, was seen by those on the political right as proof to support their view that "The Chilean Way to Socialism" was an effort to put Chile on the same path as Cuba.
among others. Television has reached a great expansion in all the Latin American scope. Currently, there exist more than 1,500 television stations in all Latin America, according to the number of apparatuses by homes (more than 60 million), of more than two hundred million people. Because of the financial and political troubles that occurred between the mid-1970s and the early 1990s, television networks in some countries of this region had
Williams established a Research Crisis Support Center to provide a centralized, operationally secure, all-source, crisis management center to support the National Military Intelligence Center (NMIC) (Defense Intelligence Agency) and the Unified & Specified Commands. As events deteriorated in Nicaragua, DIA analysts provided extensive support to the U.S. Southern Command (United States Southern Command). Other analysis focused on the Falkland Islands War (Falklands War) and Israel’s invasion of Lebanon (1982 Lebanon War). When 6,000 U.S. troops invaded Grenada during Operation URGENT FURY (Invasion of Grenada) in 1983, DIA’s Task Force responded to numerous formal taskings for briefings and information, and distributed a wide variety of intelligence summaries to assist field commanders during the operation. The planning process for URGENT FURY (Invasion of Grenada) was greatly facilitated by a number of intelligence products that had been prepared as early as 1979, bringing high praise for DIA’s support and services. Other DIA analytical efforts during the year centered on the continuing crises in Nicaragua, Lebanon (the attack on the Marine barracks), Iran and Iraq, and Afghanistan, as well as the Soviet shoot-down of KAL 007 (Korean Air Lines Flight 007), the civil war in Chad, and unrest in the Philippines. A significantly larger number of hijackings, bombings, kidnappings, murders, and other acts of terrorism led to characterizing 1985 as the “Year of the Terrorist.” This region includes the territories as outlined in the Wikipedia geographical article, '''Central America''', typically consisting of: * Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama * Sometimes, ancient cultures of Mesoamerica that nowadays would be part of some Central American countries Not long after he completed his Bachelor of Arts, Dewar embarked on a five-month trip to Nicaragua, where he volunteered as an aid worker. Following his return to Ottawa, he began working as constituency assistant to Ontario Minister of Health (Minister of Health (Ontario)) and NDP Member of Provincial Parliament (Member of Provincial Parliament (Ontario)) for Ottawa Centre (Ottawa Centre (provincial electoral district)), Evelyn Gigantes. Dewar served in this position from 1990 to 1995.
blasts rival, who is critical work Star-News date 1982-11-14 url http: news.google.com newspapers?id 8AEzAAAAIBAJ&sjid dBMEAAAAIBAJ&pg 6506,3283516 accessdate 2010-12-17 When Gómez left his WBC title vacant soon after, Cruz became recognized by most fans as the universal world champion. Then, he defeated South Korean challenger Soon-Hyun Chung,
during the Palo de Mayo festival in May. The Garifuna (Garifuna people) community (Afro-Indian) is known for its popular music called ''Punta (Punta (music))''. Nicaragua enjoys a variety of international influence in the music arena. Bachata (Bachata (music)), Merengue (Merengue music), Salsa (Salsa music) and Cumbia (Cumbia music) have gained prominence in cultural centers such as Managua, Leon and Granada. Cumbia dancing has grown popular with the introduction of Nicaraguan artists, including Gustavo Leyton, on Ometepe Island and in Managua. Salsa dancing has become extremely popular in Managua's nightclubs. With various influences, the form of salsa dancing varies in Nicaragua. New York style and Cuban Salsa (Salsa Casino) elements have gained popularity across the country. Bachata dancing (Bachata (dance)) has also gained popularity in Nicaragua. Combinations of styles from the Dominican Republic and the United States can be found throughout the country. The nature of the dance in Nicaragua varies depending on the region. Rural areas tend to have a stronger focus on movement of the hips and turns. Urbanized cities, on the other hand, focus primarily on more sophisticated footwork in addition to movement and turns. A considerable amount of Bachata dancing influence comes from Nicaraguans living abroad, in cities that include Miami, Los Angeles and, to a much lesser extent, New York City. Tango (Tango (dance)) has also surfaced recently in cultural cities and ballroom dance occasions. Literature
'''Nicaragua''' (AmE ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 (11th parallel north) and 14 (14th parallel north) degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands; wet, cooler central highlands; and the Caribbean lowlands (Caribbean Lowlands). On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash (volcanic ash) from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. Since 2007, Daniel Ortega has been the president.
The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous (indigenous peoples) native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito (Miskito language), Sumo (Sumo language), and Rama (Rama language), as well as English creole (English-based creole languages). The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.