: www.ausfoodnews.com.au 2010 07 22 choice-names-australias-best-coffee.html Australian Food News , Australian Food News. Retrieved 20 February 2011. - bgcolor # Joan (Hurricane Joan-Miriam) 1988 (1988 Atlantic hurricane season) Nicaragua Venezuela
of the Guatemalan peasant majority. Yet, the liberal social and economic policies derived from the new political constitution and the “spiritual socialism” philosophy of President Arévalo Bermejo made the landed gentry (ruling class) and the urban bourgeoisie (Bourgeoisie) first distrust, and then accuse the President of Guatemala of supporting communism — during the Cold War, a serious personal and political accusation, of which the U.S. took serious note. Furthermore, in 1947
the two superpowers was resolved by the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its nuclear missiles from Cuba in exchange for the United States removing its nuclear missiles from Turkey. Bolivia faced Marxist-Leninist revolution in the 1960s that included Che Guevara as a leader until being killed there by government forces. Uruguay faced Marxist-Leninist revolution from the Tupamaros movement from the 1960s to the 1970s. A brief dramatic episode of Marxist-Leninist revolution took place in North
supporting revolutions abroad and was active in assisting the ELN (National Liberation Army (Colombia)) in Colombia, the FMLN in El Salvador, the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement in Grenada.
became an influential figurehead for leftist groups in the region, extending support to Marxist Revolutionary movements throughout Latin America, most notably aiding the Sandinistas in overthrowing Somoza in Nicaragua in 1979. In 1971, Fidel Castro took a month-long visit to Chile. The visit, in which Castro participated actively in the internal politics of the country, holding massive rallies and giving public advice to Salvador Allende, was seen by those on the political right as proof to support their view that "The Chilean Way to Socialism" was an effort to put Chile on the same path as Cuba.
that ultimately ensured their victory. In revenge for British support of the rebels, the United States invaded and annexed most of Canada; meanwhile the Southrons reintroduced their "peculiar institution" (Slavery) into Central America and the Caribbean at gunpoint. Today ("current year" 1993) the U.S.A. and C.S.A. watch each other warily across an armed border (Mason-Dixon Line) that stretches to the Pacific, while India, the Chinese republics and their neighbors expand
d'état of General Emiliano Chamorro Vargas aroused revolutionary activities leading to the landing of U.S. Marines intermittently until January 3, 1933. * 1927 - Naval Disarmament Conference in Geneva; failure to reach an agreement. *1979 - After Afghanistan, President Carter agrees détente has failed; calls for boycott (1980 Summer Olympics boycott) of Moscow Summer Olympics (1980 Summer Olympics) in 1980 * 1979-90 - Nicaragua; America supports the Contras fighting against the Sandinista government (Sandinista National Liberation Front) in Nicaragua. * 1979-81 - Iran becomes an Islamic republic after the overthrow of American-backed shah; militants seize 63 American diplomats for 444 days during the Iran hostage crisis; America seizes $12 billion in Iranian assets; American rescue effort fails; hostages and assets are freed on January 20, 1981. *Nevis - The island was permanently settled in 1628. It became independent as Saint Kitts and Nevis in 1983. *Providencia Island - part of an archipelago off the coast of Nicaragua, this island was settled in 1630 by English (England) Puritans. The colony was conquered by the Spanish (Spain) and became extinct in 1641. The island today is Providencia Island which is administered by Colombia. Providence Island was a sister colony to the more well known Massachusetts Bay Colony. *Antigua - The island was settled in 1632. It became independent as Antigua and Barbuda in 1981 *Belize - English adventurers starting in 1638, used Belize as a source for logwood, a tree used to make a wool dye. The area was claimed by Spain but they had not settled it or been able to control the natives. The Spanish destroyed the British colony in 1717, 1730, 1754 and 1779. The Spanish attacked a final time in 1798, but were defeated. The colony was known as 'British Honduras' until 1973, whereupon its name changed to 'Belize'. Although Guatemalan claims to Belize delayed independence, full independence was granted in 1981.
, for instance, on behalf of the United Fruit Company with whom senior US officials had an important business relationship. Central America is geologically active with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring from time to time. In 1976 Guatemala was hit by a major earthquake (1976 Guatemala earthquake), killing 23,000 people; Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, was devastated by earthquakes in 1931 and 1972, the last one killed about 5,000 people; three earthquakes
. Taking the APC from two to seven members in one year. *making Collaboration between APC and the United Nations began, in preparation for the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), more popularly known as the Earth Summit. As APC had the only international, civil society communications network in existence at that time, the UNCED secretariat published their information in APC conferences. They had no other way
'''Nicaragua''' (AmE ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 (11th parallel north) and 14 (14th parallel north) degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands; wet, cooler central highlands; and the Caribbean lowlands (Caribbean Lowlands). On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash (volcanic ash) from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. Since 2007, Daniel Ortega has been the president.
The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous (indigenous peoples) native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito (Miskito language), Sumo (Sumo language), and Rama (Rama language), as well as English creole (English-based creole languages). The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.