Nicaragua

What is Nicaragua known for?


unique skills

island inside a fresh water lake in the world. * VTC (Vietnam Television Corporation) in Vietnam * Claro TV Satelital in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Dominican Republic * TopTV in South Africa (Services launching 1 May 2010) His cold demeanor and unique skills, however, meant subsequent recruitment by the National Security Agency as an assassin was inevitable, and he was soon assigned to train Contras in Nicaragua


international made

colonial heritage, seen in its architecture and structure. DynCorp International made several acquisitions in 2009 and 2010 to adapt to the defense sector’s shift towards diplomacy and development work, in particular, acquiring an international development firm in order to enter the international aid community.


significant version

over the years. The first English language cover version was by The Brady Bunch in 1972, but a Spanish translation sung by voice actor Francisco Colmenero surfaced around Mexico in 1971. A very significant version, also in Spanish, was recorded in 1984 by the Nicaraguan singer Hernaldo Zúñiga. (Eduardo Fonseca recorded a cover version of the translation in 2000.) Ska punk band Catch 22 (Catch 22 (band)) made a ska version (Ska) which became a staple of their live show, released in several versions. Alternative rock band Killdozer (Killdozer (band)) recorded a thrashing, ironic version of the song in 1989. * 1854 - Kanagawa Treaty (Convention of Kanagawa); Matthew Perry (Matthew Calbraith Perry) to Tokyo in 1853; returning 1854 with seven warships; treaty opened two Japanese ports and guaranteeing safety of shipwrecked American seamen. * 1857 - Nicaragua; U.S. Navy forces the surrender of filibusterer (filibuster (military)) William Walker (William Walker (filibuster)), who had tried to seize control of the country. * 1861 - President Abraham Lincoln proclaims blockade of Confederate States of America, giving it some legitimacy * 1911-20 - Mexican Revolution; hundreds of thousands of refugees flee to America; President William Howard Taft recognizes Francisco I. Madero's regime; Madero assassinated by Victoriano Huerta, not recognized by America * 1912-25 - Nicaragua; America controls Nicaraguan affairs through puppet (Puppet state) Conservative Party (Conservative Party of Nicaragua) presidents under the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty. * 1912-41 - China. U.S. forces sent to protect American interests in China during chaotic revolution. In 1927, America had 5,670 troops ashore in China and 44 naval vessels in its waters. * 1924 - American-led conference results in the Dawes Plan. Eased reparations for Germany and improvement of its economic situation. * 1926-33 - Nicaragua; The coup d'état of General Emiliano Chamorro Vargas aroused revolutionary activities leading to the landing of U.S. Marines intermittently until January 3, 1933. * 1927 - Naval Disarmament Conference in Geneva; failure to reach an agreement. *1979 - After Afghanistan, President Carter agrees détente has failed; calls for boycott (1980 Summer Olympics boycott) of Moscow Summer Olympics (1980 Summer Olympics) in 1980 * 1979-90 - Nicaragua; America supports the Contras fighting against the Sandinista government (Sandinista National Liberation Front) in Nicaragua. * 1979-81 - Iran becomes an Islamic republic after the overthrow of American-backed shah; militants seize 63 American diplomats for 444 days during the Iran hostage crisis; America seizes $12 billion in Iranian assets; American rescue effort fails; hostages and assets are freed on January 20, 1981. *Nevis - The island was permanently settled in 1628. It became independent as Saint Kitts and Nevis in 1983. *Providencia Island - part of an archipelago off the coast of Nicaragua, this island was settled in 1630 by English (England) Puritans. The colony was conquered by the Spanish (Spain) and became extinct in 1641. The island today is Providencia Island which is administered by Colombia. Providence Island was a sister colony to the more well known Massachusetts Bay Colony. *Antigua - The island was settled in 1632. It became independent as Antigua and Barbuda in 1981 *Belize - English adventurers starting in 1638, used Belize as a source for logwood, a tree used to make a wool dye. The area was claimed by Spain but they had not settled it or been able to control the natives. The Spanish destroyed the British colony in 1717, 1730, 1754 and 1779. The Spanish attacked a final time in 1798, but were defeated. The colony was known as 'British Honduras' until 1973, whereupon its name changed to 'Belize'. Although Guatemalan claims to Belize delayed independence, full independence was granted in 1981.


energy world

Consequences included blighted land, relocated communities, tritium-contaminated water, radioactivity, and fallout from debris being hurled high into the atmosphere. These were ignored and downplayed until the program was terminated in 1977, due in large part to public opposition, after $770 million had been spent on the project. Benjamin K. Sovacool (2011). ''Contesting the Future of Nuclear Power: A Critical Global Assessment of Atomic Energy'', World Scientific


unique program

, Colombia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Honduras, Chile, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Somalia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Pakistan. China thumbnail left Wartburg Castle from Germany SST 2007 (Image:WartburgSST.JPG) Started in 1968, Goshen College's Study Service Term (SST) is a unique program. Goshen was one of the pioneers of colleges in offering programs abroad, due in part to its Mennonite heritage of missions and foreign service, particularly Mennonite Central Committee. International education is a requirement for all students at Goshen College. Approximately 70-80 percent of students complete the requirement by participating in SST. Students are required to spend one semester abroad in a country or complete an intercultural experience in the US. They study the language and culture for six weeks at a foreign university, then do service for the remaining six weeks. Service may include working at a hospital, nursing home, kindergarten, or missionary service. Goshen College students currently may visit Cambodia, Nicaragua, China, Tanzania, Peru, Senegal, and Egypt. Previous SST spots include Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Germany, Nicaragua, Honduras, Belize, Cuba, Haiti, Poland, South Korea, Indonesia, Mali, and Ivory Coast. Over 7,000 students and 230 faculty members have journeyed to 23 different countries as part of SST.


school scholarship

inaugurated ELAM at as Havana hosted the 9th Ibero-American Summit (at this time, ELAM had 1,929 students from 18 countries). Medical School Scholarship Program FAQ, IFCO website, accessed Feb. 2 2007 "


religious ties

, often riotous, day-long processions through the city. The high point of Nicaragua's religious calendar for the masses is neither Christmas nor Easter, but La Purísima, a week of festivities in early December dedicated to the Immaculate Conception, during which elaborate altars to the Virgin Mary (Mary (mother of Jesus)) are constructed in homes and workplaces. The country's close political ties have also encouraged religious ties. Buddhism has increased with a steady


projects based

and university systems of Sri Lanka, Pakistan, North Yemen (Sana’a), Nicaragua, Peru, Indonesia, Mexico, and Costa Rica. His later work involved the administration of multi-million dollar grants and contracts for the establishment of large scale projects based on the education models he developed for various governments and universities. The work applied the principles of linguistic analysis to financial analysis and led to the publication of a nationally recognized investment newsletter, ''Venture Returns'',


television business

investment newsletter, ''Venture Returns'', from 1990 to 2002. It became a frequently cited source in the national financial press and television business news shows. Fatalities 102 confirmed


support amp

* List of Mexican Birds from the ''Museo de las Aves'' * Stamps (for Argentina, Brazil, British Honduras-(Belize), Guyana, Nicaragua, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela) * Great Kiskadee videos, photos & sounds on the Internet Bird Collection The western portion of the plate is occupied by Central America. The Cocos Plate in the Pacific Ocean is subducted beneath the Caribbean Plate, just off the western coast of Central America. This subduction forms the volcanoes of Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, also known as the Central America Volcanic Arc. The Puerto Rican accent is very strikingly similar to the accents used by those from the Spanish-speaking Caribbean basin, including: Cuba and the Dominican Republic and those from the Caribbean coastal regions of Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Honduras, and Nicaragua (particularly to a non-Puerto Rican). It also continues to be similar to the accent of the Canary Islanders (Canarian people) and Andalusians (Andalusian people) in southern Spain. However, many Puerto Ricans find a great distinction between their accent and other Caribbean accents. Allapattah was predominantly populated by whites from early in the 20th century until the late 1950s, when there was a large influx of black American (African American)s displaced by the construction of I-95 (Interstate 95 in Florida) (then, the North-South Expressway) in the 1950s and 1960s, leading to white flight to suburban Miami-Dade County and Broward County (Broward County, Florida). Cubans migrated (Cuban migration to Miami) to Miami neighborhoods like Allapattah in large numbers following the Cuban Revolution of 1959 (Cuban Revolution), hosting one of Miami's largest Cuban American populations. The 1980s brought influxes of Dominicans (Dominican Republic), Nicaraguans, Hondurans (Honduras), and Haitians in the aftermath of various refugee crises in those nations. Now, a melting pot of residents from all across the Caribbean, Central America, and Latin America reside in the area. In the early 1990s he also built a mission in a Honduras mountain town, and funded and supervised the construction of a new cathedral (Metropolitan Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception) in Managua, Nicaragua, after the old cathedral (Old Cathedral of Managua) was destroyed in a 1972 earthquake (1972 Nicaragua earthquake). http: www.skepticfiles.org american domino.htm Ave Maria College As a step to fulfilling his dream of creating a new Catholic university, Monaghan founded Ave Maria College Ave Maria College. in Ypsilanti, Michigan. In various attempts to accelerate accreditation, Monaghan acquired St. Mary's College of Orchard Lake (Saint Mary's College (Michigan)) and a campus in Nicaragua, renamed Ave Maria College of the Americas. History In June 1988 Communist Party of Estonia (EKP), i.e. the Estonian branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, chief Karl Vaino was replaced by the reform-minded Soviet Ambassador to Nicaragua Vaino Väljas, the former ideological secretary of the EKP. Some of the Estonian members declared that they were fighting for Estonian national interests and tried to contribute to the solving of Estonian problems. This precedent of notification was, a few years later (1845), followed in another blockade against the same country by Great Britain and France, and in one in 1842 and 1844 by Great Britain against the port of Greytown (Greytown, Nicaragua) in Nicaragua. In 1850 Great Britain blockaded the ports of Greece in order to compel the Hellenic (Greece) government to give satisfaction in the Don Pacifico case. Don Pacifico, a British subject, claimed 32,000 as damages for unprovoked pillage of his house by an Athenian mob. Greek vessel (marine vessel)s only were seized, and these were only sequestered. Greek vessels bonafide carrying cargoes belonging to foreigners were allowed to enter the blockaded ports. In 1982 he was in Nicaragua helping Lt. Col. Oliver North (Oliver North) during the Iran-Contra Affair. He claimed that he was seduced into the drug dealing world there. He also made another statement later claiming he had been involved in drug dealing since 1979. *Red-legged Honeycreeper videos on the Internet Bird Collection *Stamps (for British Honduras-(now Belize), Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Suriname) with ~RangeMap *Red-legged Honeycreeper photo gallery VIREO Photo-High Res--(Close-up) On 13 June 1856, she arrived at Mare Island Navy Yard for repairs, and on 8 January 1857, sailed for Panama, touching at Central American ports for the protection of U.S. interests. She sailed 3 June to Nicaragua to evacuate U.S. citizens connected with the filibustering (Filibuster (military)) expedition of William Walker (William Walker (filibuster)) to Panama, where she arrived 5 August. She cruised off Panama, Peru, and Chile until 23 March 1859 when she was ordered to return to Mare Island. On July 18, 1855, while working for the Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, Williamson helped Jane Johnson (Jane Johnson (c. 1813-1872)) and her two children (one 5 or 6, the other 11 or 12) escape enslavement from John Hill Wheeler who in 1855 was on a trip

Nicaragua

'''Nicaragua''' (AmE ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 (11th parallel north) and 14 (14th parallel north) degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands; wet, cooler central highlands; and the Caribbean lowlands (Caribbean Lowlands). On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash (volcanic ash) from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.

The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. Since 2007, Daniel Ortega has been the president.

The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous (indigenous peoples) native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito (Miskito language), Sumo (Sumo language), and Rama (Rama language), as well as English creole (English-based creole languages). The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.

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