line against the Soviet Union, alarming Democrats who wanted a nuclear freeze, but he succeeded in increasing the military budget and launching the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)—labeled "Star Wars" by its opponents—that the Soviets could not match. When Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in Moscow, many conservative Republicans were dubious of the growing friendship between him and Reagan. Gorbachev tried to save communism in Soviet Union first by ending the expensive
Rica , Paraguay, Philippines, Bolivia, Nicaragua and Uruguay, based on the Japanese ISDB-T standard, launched in commercial operation on December 2, 2007, in São Paulo, Brazil. ref>
as Western countries (especially the United States) supplied arms and technical knowledge to numerous countries and rebel forces in a global struggle between the Warsaw Pact nations and their allies against NATO and their allies called the Cold War. While the NATO countries used rifles such as the relatively expensive M14 (M14 rifle), FN FAL, and H&K G3 (Heckler & Koch G3) battle rifles and M16 (M16 rifle) assault rifle during this time, the low production
Williams established a Research Crisis Support Center to provide a centralized, operationally secure, all-source, crisis management center to support the National Military Intelligence Center (NMIC) (Defense Intelligence Agency) and the Unified & Specified Commands. As events deteriorated in Nicaragua, DIA analysts provided extensive support to the U.S. Southern Command (United States Southern Command). Other analysis focused
qualification (CONCACAF) 1994 World Cup qualification 2 - An area of disturbed weather east of the Windward Islands was designated Tropical Depression Six on August 31. Early on September 1, it was named Tropical Storm Felix (Hurricane Felix), and it was upgraded to a hurricane later that day. Tracking generally westward, it rapidly intensified to Category 5, and after fluctuating in strength, made landfall on Nicaragua with
The government took a strong stand against the U.S. intervention (Sandinista#Sandinistas vs. Contras) in Nicaragua under Reagan, and accepted refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala, and other countries with regimes supported directly by the Reagan administration. Therefore, the Viceroyalty's former territories included what is now the present day countries of Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Belize, Costa Rica; the United States regions of California, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Puerto Rico, Guam, Mariana Islands, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Wyoming, Florida; a portion of the Canadian province of British Columbia; the Caribbean nations of Cuba, the Dominican Republic, the island of Hispaniola, Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda; the Asia-Pacific nations of the Philippine Islands (Philippines), Palau and Caroline Islands. thumb Nicaraguan ''nacatamales'' (Image:Nacatamales in steamer.jpg) In Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, they are also wrapped in plantain leaves. The masa is usually made out of maize, such as what is known as dent corn in the U.S. The corn usually eaten in the U.S. on the cob (sweet corn) is called ''elote''. Guatemalan cuisine is known in particular for its hundreds of varieties of tamales; popular varieties include ''tamales de gallina'' (chicken), ''tamales dulces
-Nicaragua border, the highway continues as Central America Highway 1. From the border to the town of Ocotal is about . Costa Rica contrasts sharply to the other nations in Central America, as it is a so-called second-world developing country compared to its underdeveloped, poorer neighbor Nicaragua. Costa Rica is the second-smallest Central American country in area (after El Salvador). Its portion of the Pan
, for instance, on behalf of the United Fruit Company with whom senior US officials had an important business relationship. Central America is geologically active with volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occurring from time to time. In 1976 Guatemala was hit by a major earthquake (1976 Guatemala earthquake), killing 23,000 people; Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, was devastated by earthquakes in 1931 and 1972, the last one killed about 5,000 people; three earthquakes
of national celebrity as a talented songwriter, singer, and guitarist by the time she joined the movement. She was killed in 1972 during an ambush near El Sauce (El Sauce, León), Leon (Leon, Nicaragua), Nicaragua, by soldiers from Anastasio Somoza Debayle's National Guard. She was twenty years old. *'''Honduras''' - Tegucigalpa (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Tegucigalpa) *'''Nicaragua''' - Managua (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Managua) *'''Panama''' - Panamá (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Panamá) '''Hurricane Isbell''' was the strongest U.S. landfalling hurricane of the 1964 Atlantic hurricane season. It became a tropical depression east of Nicaragua on October 8. It then strengthened into a tropical storm and later into a hurricane on October 13 before making landfall in western Cuba. In the Gulf of Mexico, on October 14, it strengthened into a major hurricane before making landfall in southwest Florida as a Category 2 hurricane.
'''Nicaragua''' (AmE ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The country is situated between 11 (11th parallel north) and 14 (14th parallel north) degrees north of the Equator in the Northern Hemisphere, which places it entirely within the tropics. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: Pacific lowlands; wet, cooler central highlands; and the Caribbean lowlands (Caribbean Lowlands). On the Pacific side of the country are the two largest fresh water lakes in Central America—Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. Surrounding these lakes and extending to their northwest along the rift valley of the Gulf of Fonseca are fertile lowland plains, with soil highly enriched by ash (volcanic ash) from nearby volcanoes of the central highlands. Nicaragua's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems contribute to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.
The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua achieved its independence from Spain in 1821. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, and fiscal crisis—the most notable causes that led to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s. Nicaragua is a representative democratic (representative democracy) republic, and has experienced economic growth and political stability in recent years. Since 2007, Daniel Ortega has been the president.
The population of Nicaragua, approximately 6 million, is multiethnic. Its capital, Managua, is the third-largest city in Central America. Segments of the population include indigenous (indigenous peoples) native tribes from the Mosquito Coast, Europeans, Africans, Asians, and people of Middle Eastern origin. The main language is Spanish, although native tribes on the eastern coast speak their native languages, such as Miskito (Miskito language), Sumo (Sumo language), and Rama (Rama language), as well as English creole (English-based creole languages). The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in art and literature, particularly the latter given the various literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, including Rubén Darío, Pablo Antonio Cuadra and Ernesto Cardenal.