State Prison as political prisoners of Ian Smith's government, immediately left upon release and crossed the Eastern Highlands Border in Mutare through the mountains by foot, following the Gairezi river trail to Seguranza military camp in Mozambique, to mastermind and kickstart guerilla warfare, aided by Samora Machel, in 1975. The Bush War (Rhodesian Bush War) or ''Second Chimurenga'' raged on. harassment of Tekere's close family members and relatives by the platoon of Rhodesian Front Soldiers, Selous Scouts, Police Special Branch and Central Intelligence Organisation, under the auspices of Ian Smith. Building of The Beira railway started in 1892 http: www.memoriesofrhodesia.com Memories Memories Railways.html , during the Portuguese rule of the territory of Mozambique (Mozambique (Portugal)). First, a two foot gauge narrow gauge railway was constructed from Beira to the border city Mutare (Umtali) in Zimbabwe, in total 222 miles http: utahrails.net articles central-africa-railroads.php long and opened on 4 Februari 1898 http: www.memoriesofrhodesia.com Memories Memories Railways.html . History It originated in 1890 as a rest house on the road from Salisbury (now Harare) to Umtali (now Mutare). It was first known as Marandella's Kraal, corrupted from Marondera (Marondera (person)), chief of the ruling Barozwi people. This was later contracted to Marandellas. Later destroyed in the Shona resistance of 1896, the town was moved 4 miles (6 km) north to the Salisbury-Beira (Beira, Mozambique) railway line. Constituted a village in 1913, it became a town in 1943. During the South African (Boer) War (Boer War) it was used by the British as a staging point for military operations into the Transvaal (South African Republic), and in World War II it was a refuge for displaced Poles (Polish people). It is an educational centre with numerous elite private and government schools in the area. Marondera houses some of the most popular high schools and junior schools in Zimbabwean history such as Bernard Mizeki College, Peterhouse, Watershed College, Rakodzi High School, Marondera High School. Junior schools in Marondera include Ruzawi Prep, Godfrey Huggins, Diggleford School,lendy park and Springvale House. It also houses an agricultural and commercial college aptly named Kushinga Phikelela and a government research station called Grasslands Research Station. '''Crocoite''' is a mineral consisting of lead chromate, Pb (Lead)Cr (Chromium)O (Oxygen) 4 , and crystallizing in the monoclinic crystal system. It is sometimes used as a paint, being identical in composition with the artificial product chrome yellow. It was discovered at Berezovsky deposit near Ekaterinburg in the Ural (Ural Mountains)s in 1766; and named crocoise by F. S. Beudant (François Sulpice Beudant) in 1832, from the Greek κροκος, saffron, in allusion to its color, a name first altered to crocoisite and afterwards to crocoite. It is found as well-developed crystals, although these are usually poorly terminated. Crystals are of a bright hyacinth-red color, translucent, and have an adamantine (Lustre_(mineralogy)#Adamantine_lustre) to vitreous (Lustre_(mineralogy)#Vitreous_lustre) lustre. On exposure to light much of the translucency and brilliancy is lost. The streak is orange-yellow; Mohs hardness is 2.5–3; and the specific gravity is 6.0. In the Urals the crystals are found in quartz-veins traversing granite or gneiss. Other localities which have yielded good crystallized specimens are Congonhas do Campo near Ouro Preto in Brazil, Luzon in the Philippines, and Mutare in Mashonaland. align "right" In the Intercontinental Cup (2009-10 ICC Intercontinental Cup) Afghanistan played its first first-class match against a Zimbabwe XI in a four day match in Mutare. During the match, which was drawn, Afghan batsman Noor Ali scored centuries in both his innings, making him only the fourth player to do so on their first-class debut. Later, in August 2009, they played the Netherlands (Netherlands national cricket team) in same competition at the VRA Cricket Ground, winning a low scoring match by one wicket. 2009: The Year of the Afghans by Rod Lyall at CricketEurope A second battalion was raised in 1973; in 1976 this battalion was based at the former boarding school of St. Stephen's College, Balla Balla Balla Balla was renamed Mbalabala in 1982, two years after Rhodesia became the internationally-recognised Republic of Zimbabwe. The village is in Matabeleland, about 41 miles (66 km) south-east of Bulawayo. which had closed in 1975. This new barracks in Balla Balla was named Shaw Barracks, after the late Maj-Genl J. Shaw. A JOC HQ was formed at Fort Victoria (now Masvingo) followed by 3 RAR (HQ at Umtali, now Mutare) in 1977 – formed from three of the Independent RAR companies. Para-training was introduced in 1978 and the RAR were actively involved in "fireforce" missions, where they gained a reputation of jumping from minimum heights. The unit was not deployed outside Rhodesia during the war, but it established a considerable tally on internal operations. ;Support Commando Support Commando's emblem was a black eagle, similar to that used on the coat of arms of Germany, on a yellow background, with a bomb held in each of its talons. "Support Commando" appeared on a scroll above the eagle, and the name of the regiment appeared underneath it. In January 1976, Colonel T. M. Davidson presented the Commando with a Wahlberg's Eagle to use as its mascot. This eagle was never named, and was lost by Captain Pete Farndell in April 1976, at Grand Reef, near Umtali (Mutare). Having lost the eagle, Farndell was ordered to replace it: in August 1976 he acquired an African Hawk-Eagle chick from near Gwelo (Gweru), which became the Commando's new mascot, named "Henry". Henry remained Support Commando's mascot until October 1979, when he escaped the company of his keeper, Lance-Corporal Andre Macdonald, and flew away. WikiPedia:Mutare
Lake Alexander on the Odzani River offers fishing and boating in scenic surroundings. Do The National Arts Gallery and Courtauld Theatre are two places in Mutare where you can go to experience some culture. Buy Stone sculptures can be found cheaply at the intersection going to the Mozambique border. Eat Karen’s kitchen (Lunch), Green Coucal (lunch), Nando’s, Chinese in 1st street in Mutare, Hillside Sports Club (Good curry), Portuguese Club (prawns and chicken), Greek Club (good chicken), Wise Owl (go for the steak), Calvary (best sadza in town), Mira Sol (chicken or pasta) and Fasho. White Horse Inn and Tony’s Café (great cakes) are very good and somewhat expensive places to eat in Bvumba. Drink Sleep * WikiPedia:Mutare
Marymount Teachers' College * Mutare Teachers College * Mutare Polytechnic * Magamba vocational training * Fern Valley University -under consideration for construction for a long time Economy The main activities of the area are citrus farming, mining (The city's name is derived from "metal") and forestry. Two of the largest food producers in Zimbabwe, Cairns Foods and Tanganda Tea, operate in Mutare. Mining includes gold at Redwing Mine, Penhalonga and some smaller mines, '''diamonds''' in Marange (Marange diamond fields) and gravel quarries around the city. There are a number of forestry companies including The Wattle Company, Allied Timbers formerly FCZ and Border Timbers. The main timber products include rough sawn timber, wattle bark, charcoal, various doors and frames and mouldings. The major timber produced is pine, sydney blue gum, black wattle, and some hardwoods on a smaller scale. Notable residents * Professor Governor Mambo Mupepi, born in Mutare and went to Dangare Primary School, great goalkeeper and athlete brought MASA and SASA home 1967 Now teaches in the USA and writes much including "British Imperialism in Zimbabwe: Narrating the Organizational Development of the First Chimurenga 1883–1904", "Creating High Impact Organization","Unlocking entreprenuerial capability in Zimbabwe" and many more. * C.W.Mercer, a British author who wrote under the pen name Dornford Yates; lived near the city from 1948 until his death in 1960 * Donal Lamont, Catholic bishop of Umtali Mutare 1957–82, an outspoken opponent of the Ian Smith government; expelled from Rhodesia in 1977 after a high-profile trial * Douglas Rogers (Douglas Rogers (writer)), a journalist and memoirist was born in the city in 1968 and raised there * Arthur Mutambara, became Deputy Prime Minister of Zimbabwe on 11 February 2009, under the September 2008 power-sharing agreement * Tichafa Samuel Parirenyatwa Dr. (1927–1962), Zimbabwe's first black medical. * Herbert Chitepo (15 June 1923 – 18 March 1975, Zimbabwe's first black lawyer and Chairman of ZANU July 1963 – 18 March 1975 * Supa Mandiwanzira, media personality and politician. He became the deputy minister in the ministry of Information, Media and Broadcasting Services on 10 September 2013. * Edgar Tekere (1937–2011), nicknamed "2 Boy", a prominent politician * Genius Chidzikwe, a tennis player * Trevor Madondo (1976–2001), one of the first black cricket players in Zimbabwe * Lawrence Mudehwe, the first Executive Mayor to be elected as an independent candidate in Zimbabwe; served for two terms * Bjorn Mordt (born 1978), cricketer * Daniel Baradza (born c. 1973), sculptor * Blessing Makunike (24 January 1977 – 13 March 2004), a Zimbabwean international football player * Chiwoniso Maraire (5 March 1976 – 24 July 2013), an accomplished Mbira player, singer, songwriter, and exponent of Zimbabwean mbira music * Willard Katsande (Kaizer Chiefs and Warriors midfielder) * Onismor Bhasera (Bidvest Wits and Warriors leftback) * Washington Arubi (Tuks and warriors Goalkeeper) * Morgan Tsvangirai * Opa Muchinguri * Lazarus Muhoni (Former warriors international football player and formerly with ZUPCO, Buffaloes, Black Rhinos, Dynamos, CAPS) * Nelson Bandura (Tanganda and Mamelodi Sundowns Football Clubs) *Kennias Marange (Former FIFA panel referee) *Trevor Jones Lovelace Saruwaka Mutasa Central MP * Maxwell Chitunhu( Computer Scientist) * David Makwerere (Academic) * Pamela Machakanja (Professor in Peace and Conflict Studies) * Rukudzo Murapa (Former Africa University Vice-Chancellor) * Taka Mutunhu (Banker) * Chris Mushohwe * Hosiah Chipanga * Mike Hitchman * Layman Gunda (The youngest Disc Jockey in the Province) Sister cities WikiPedia:Mutare
is the Mutare Post Office, which was opened in 1973. Visitors may see the Mayor's Parlour, the reception rooms and the Council Chamber during working hours. The Turner Memorial Library, in the Civic Centre complex, is a subscription lending library with a good variety of fiction and non-fiction. MUTARE MAIN PARK ALOE GARDENS The result of many years of hard work, the Aloe Gardens in Mutare's Main Park are becoming increasingly famous throughout the southern Africa region. The gardens contain
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Marymount Teachers' College * Mutare Teachers College * Mutare Polytechnic * Magamba vocational training * Fern Valley University -under consideration for construction for a long time Economy The main activities of the area are citrus farming, mining (The city's name is derived from "metal") and forestry. Two of the largest food producers in Zimbabwe, Cairns Foods and Tanganda Tea, operate in Mutare. Mining includes gold at Redwing Mine
residents * Professor Governor Mambo Mupepi, born in Mutare and went to Dangare Primary School, great goalkeeper and athlete brought MASA and SASA home 1967 Now teaches in the USA and writes much including "British Imperialism in Zimbabwe: Narrating the Organizational Development of the First Chimurenga 1883–1904", "Creating High Impact Organization","Unlocking entreprenuerial capability in Zimbabwe" and many more. * C.W.Mercer, a British author who wrote under
; In March 1988, Conrad Kent established the popular Salamanca Spanish Program for Ohio Wesleyan students. The school also manifests international interest in the percentage of international students it recruits and enrolls annually. Since 1983, Ohio Wesleyan has been listed in ''U.S. News & World Report'' among colleges that attract the highest percentage of international students. WikiPedia:Mutare
, Vol. 47 Issue 12, pA76, 1p, Ohio Wesleyan University. In a study adjusted for school size, Ohio Wesleyan came ninth among 118 American colleges and universities in total aid awards to international students and 69th in average award per international student among both large universities and small liberal arts colleges.
Administered from the Pungwe Drift substation, this region is less developed, with roads only along the edges. Access from the park headquarters is via the "Scenic road", a gravel road that runs parallel to the Nyanga (Nyanga, Zimbabwe) to Mutare highway. The Pungwe Drift substation and lodges are at the end of a steep dust road, off the Secenic Road. The Pungwe View, from which the Pungwe Falls and Pungwe Gorge can be seen, is on the edge of the Scenic Road. Further south
'''Mutare''' (known as '''Umtali''' until 1983 Names (Alteration) Act Chapter 10:14 ) is the third largest city in Zimbabwe, with an urban population of around 188,243 and rural population of around 260,567. It is the capital of Manicaland province.