1954 World Championships has been described by the IIHF as "the start of the modern era of international hockey." It was the first
, defeated the Soviets 5–0 to reclaim the World Championship. At the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy, Canada's Kitchener
-Waterloo Dutchmen (ice hockey) Kitchener-Waterloo Dutchmen lost to both the Soviets and the United States in the medal round and won the bronze. The Soviets went undefeated and won their first Olympic ice hockey gold medal.
in the world. The theatre is the parent company of The Bolshoi Ballet Academy, a world-leading school of ballet. During the early 1960s, the CNVA organised two epic 'Walks for Peace', including a march from San Francisco (San Francisco, California) to Moscow, during which the walkers called on the governments of the world to disarm. During a Walk for Peace from Quebec to Cuba, via Washington (Washington, D.C.), walkers were attacked and jailed
by Russian restitution laws. death_date death_place Moscow, Russia title Grandmaster (Grandmaster (chess)) Aulis Sallinen started a new wave of Finnish opera in the 1970s with ''The Horseman'' and ''The Red Line''. The Red Line was soon recognized all over the globe with numerous reproductions in a.o. Moscow, London and New York. Important contemporary composers include Magnus Lindberg, Kalevi Aho, Kaija
, the Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design, the Ural Optical and Mechanical Plant (Yekaterinburg), the Polet firm (Nizhniy Novgorod) and the Central Scientific Research Radio Engineering Institute (Moscow) were pronounced winners in the competition held in the beginning of 2003 for the development of the avionics suite for the fifth-generation airplane. NPO Saturn has been determined the lead executor for work on the engines for this airplane. In 1930 the first
work the eXile date 2001-04-05 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20030625022811 http: www.exile.ru 113 lead.php archivedate 2003-06-25 In each issue, they paired up the previous week's survivors, who were then compared and analysed. The winner, ''New York Times'' Moscow bureau chief Michael Wines, had a cream pie allegedly made from horse semen
that greatly reduced the political powers of the Armenian religious leadership, including that of the Catholicos, while preserving the autonomy of the Armenian Church. Suny, Ronald Grigor (Ronald Grigor Suny). "Eastern Armenians under Tsarist Rule" in ''Armenian People'', p. 115 After 1836, in accordance with the new regulation, the Catholicos of Echmiadzin was to be elected in congresses in Echmiadzin, in which religious and non-religious dignitaries would participate. The Tsar would have a last word in the choice of the Catholicos. Armenians greatly profited from the fact that the Catholicosate retained the authority to open schools. Notable ones are Moscow's Lazarian Tiflis' Nersessian school (Nersisyan School)s. Moreover, the Catholicosate opened printing houses and encouraged the publication of Armenian newspapers. United States U.S. owned company; dancers based in Moscow and the Ukraine. The most well-known of the Internal Troops divisions is OMSDON based near Moscow which traces its roots to the "OSNAZ" detachment of the VChK (formerly 1st Automobile Fighting Detachment (:ru:1-й автобоевой отряд) of the VTsIK). It was later reorganized into the DON (Special-Purpose Division) of the OGPU and the NKVD. thumb right Banner of the 175th Rifle Regiment, Internal Troops, NKVD (Image:Музей истории донецкой милиции 064.jpg) During World War II, most units of the NKVD Internal Troops were engaged alongside Red Army forces against Axis (Axis powers) troops. They participated in the defense of Moscow, Leningrad (Saint Petersburg), the Brest Fortress (Hero-Fortress), Kiev, Odessa, Voronezh, Stalingrad, the North Caucasus and were heavily engaged during the battle of Kursk. He was also China's first ambassador to the Soviet Union and he was a delegate in the League of Nations. During World War II, he translated and compiled ''Stories of Old China'' in Hong Kong while under Japanese house-arrest in 1942. He took his first plane trip in 1949 to Moscow in hopes of resolving the Chinese Civil War. thumb 180px right Katarzyna Kobro (Image:Kobro.jpg) '''Katarzyna Kobro''' (26 Jan 1898, Moscow - 21 Feb 1951, Łódź) was a Polish sculptor. On 28 May 1945, the British army transported 2,046 disarmed Cossack officers and generals — including the cavalry Generals Pyotr Krasnov, Andrei Shkuro, and Kelech-Giray (Giray dynasty) — to a nearby Red Army-held town. There they were handed over to the Red Army commanding general, who ordered them tried for treason. Many Cossack leaders had never been citizens of the Soviet Union, having fled revolutionary Russia in 1920, hence they believed that they could not be guilty of treason. Nonetheless, some were executed immediately. The high-ranking officers were tried in Moscow, and then executed — most notably, General Pyotr Krasnov was hanged in a public square. General Helmuth von Pannwitz of the Wehrmacht, who was instrumental to the formation and leadership of the Cossacks taken from Nazi POW camps to fight the USSR, decided to share the Cossacks’ Soviet repatriation, and was executed for war crimes with five Cossack generals and atamans in Moscow in 1947. '''Boris Borissovich Rohdendorf''' (1904 – 1977) was a Russian (Russians) entomologist (entomology) and curator at the Zoological Museum at the University of Moscow. He attained the position of head of the Laboratory of Arthropods (Russian palaeoentomological school), Paleontological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (now Russian Academy of Sciences) in Moscow. A student of Andrey Martynov (Andreas V. Martynov), he was a prolific taxonomist (taxonomy) who described numerous new taxa (taxon), including fossil Diptera, and published important syntheses on fossil insects. His work is being extensively revised by the current generation of Russian paleoentomologists (paleoentomology). Plot The movie begins in 1973 Moscow, where Engineer Shurik (Aleksandr Demyanenko) is working on a time machine (Time travel) in his apartment. By accident, he sends Ivan Vasilevich Bunsha (Yuri Yakovlev (Yuriy Yakovlev (Soviet actor))), superintendent of his apartment building, and George Miloslavsky (Leonid Kuravlev), a small-time burglar, back into the time of Ivan IV. The pair is forced to disguise themselves, with Bunsha dressing up as Ivan IV and Miloslavsky as a knyaz of the same name (who everybody thought was executed by the tsar). At the same time, the real Ivan IV (also played by Yuri Yakovlev) is sent by the same machine into Shurik's apartment, he has to deal with modern-day life while Shurik tries to fix the machine so that everyone can be brought back to their proper place in time. As the police (tipped off by a neighbor who was burgled by Miloslavsky) close in on Shurik, who is frantically trying to repair the machine, the cover of Bunsha and Miloslavsky is blown and they have to fight off the Streltsy, who have figured out that Bunsha is not the real Tsar. The movie ends with Bunsha, Miloslavsky, and Ivan IV all transported back to their proper places, although the entire thing is revealed to be a dream by Shurik. Or was it? Although many nations boycotted (American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics) the '''1980 Summer Olympics''' in Moscow because of the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Asian nation itself ironically participated in the Games held in the capital city of the Soviet Union. Also, the nation returned to the Olympic Games after missing the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal. '''Algeria''' competed at the '''1980 Summer Olympics''' in Moscow, USSR (Soviet Union). The nation returned to the Olympic Games after boycotting the 1976 Summer Olympics. 54 competitors, all men, took part in 28 events in 9 sports. Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow
Budget Mid-range There is a big need for mid-range accommodations in Moscow, but nevertheless the curious traveler can find some useful accommodations. Stay safe Moscow historically enjoyed a low crime rate. However, since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the crime rate throughout Russia skyrocketed and this terrible reputation lingers, despite much recent improvement. Drunk people and the police are the most likely sources of problems. A lot of policemen are corrupt, and it is best to avoid them. While traveling in Moscow, as in the rest of Russia, you should always have your passport with you. If you look non-white, your papers may get checked more often than otherwise. Police may demand to see your documents to check if you have obtained registration papers within seven business days of your arrival into Moscow. Most policemen do not speak a word of English, but will let you know if your papers are not in order and if you must go with them to the police precinct. A bribe of about 500 rubles (more if you look like you have more) should make them leave you alone, though if you are reasonably sure your papers are in order, get out your mobile phone and call your embassy. Most corrupt policemen will be frightened enough to let you go before you dial the number. Non-white people should be especially vigilant since the number of violent attacks by skinheads is prevalent, and most minorities are likely to be stopped for document checks by the police. Women should take caution walking alone late at night since they may receive unwanted attention from drunk men. Women should also stay clear of large companies of men in front of bars, restaurants, etc. It is best to walk with a friend if possible. Streets can become very slippery in winter. Wear shoes or, even better, boots with decent grip to prevent twisted ankles. Ice patches can be hard to spot. A waterproof raincoat is also sensible. The city's rapidly expanding economy has left traffic poorly handled, and accident rates are very high. Stay safe. If you need help with translation, ask students or pupils. Because there were problems in the 20th century with learning foreign languages, young people are more likely to be able to help you. Connect Mobile In Moscow there are three main GSM operators (MTS, Beeline, Megafon), and they often have offers that give you a SIM card, including 3G internet, for free or at least very cheap. Even if you are only staying for a short time in Russia, you should consider buying a local pay-as-you-go SIM card, as it may be cheaper than just a few minutes of roaming. Almost any European phone, and those from the U.S. which work on a GSM network (T-Mobile, or AT&T), carry the "tri-band" or "World phone" designation and had been unlocked, should work on the Russian standard (if yours is not one of those, a basic new candybar will still run you considerably less than $50 without a contract). If you buy a SIM card from a shop you'll need your passport for identification. It only takes five minutes to do the paperwork and it will cost less than $10. You will receive a number in the "mobile" area code, starting with 9, which has more expensive rates for calls to and from landlines (and from abroad; in compensation, the tariffs for calls to phones on the same network are usually reduced), and your card will be preloaded with a small initial minute allowance. Incoming calls are free (or at least are supposed to be, by law; some companies are trying to find ways around it). Top off at the stores of your chosen company, at shops selling phones, or at newer automated kiosks which accept utility payments (they look like short, squat ATMs with large touchscreens, and display, among others, logos of the mobile operators); the latter charge a small commission fee and accept cash or (rarely) credit cards. Be careful when entering the number: it is possible to add airtime to any phone, not only your own. For calls abroad there are different inexpensive pre-paid cards (e.g. Arktel), which you
Shukhov , is completed. Konstantin Melnikov enters his "golden season", designing over 10 buildings in one year, including extant Kauchuk Factory Club, Rusakov Workers' Club, Svoboda Factory Club and his own residence in Moscow. These buildings were completed in 1928 (1928 in architecture)-1929 (1929 in architecture) *The Shrine of Remembrance in Melbourne, Australia is completed. * Marina City in Chicago, designed by Bertrand Goldberg is opened
Union Apart from paintings, Nolde's work includes many prints, often in color and watercolor paintings of various sizes, including landscapes, religious images, flowers, stormy seas and scenes from Berlin nightlife. A famous series of paintings covers the German New Guinea Expedition, visiting the South Seas (South Sea Islands), Moscow, Siberia, Korea, Japan, and China. The Schiefler Catalogue raisonné of his prints describes 231 etchings, 197
of the first permanent Russian theater. Karatygin joined the Bolshoi Theatre (Mariinsky Theatre) in St Petersburg in 1820 and moved to the Alexandrine Theatre in 1832. He particularly excelled in the numerous productions of Shakespeare's and Schiller's plays, rivalling Moscow's Pavel Mochalov as the greatest Russian actor of his time. The two volumes of his ''Memoirs'' are invaluable. During his prolonged career at the Malyi Theare of Moscow, Mochalov
Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia making it the world's most populated inland city. The city is well known for its unique architecture which consists of many different historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012. In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of prestigious Russian artists, scientists and sports figures during the course of its history and because of the presence of many different museums, academic and political institutions and theaters. Moscow is also the seat of power of the Government of Russia (Russian government), being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress that is today the residence of the Russian president. The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square are also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council (Federation Council of Russia)) also sit in the city.
The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system (Moscow monorail) and one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside of Asia in terms of passenger numbers. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 194 stations.
Over time, Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome ( " (''moskvich''), rendered in English as ''Muscovite''.