What is Moscow known for?

hosting international

as artistic advisor, and has been largely responsible for transforming them from a local to an international institution, hosting international festivals such as ''Icebreaker I: Voices from New Russia'' (2004) and ''Icebreaker II: Baltic Voices'' (2004); the planned ''Icebreaker III'' (2006) will feature music from the countries of the Caucasus. They have travelled twice to Eastern Europe, scoring critical successes in Moscow, St. Petersburg (Saint Petersburg), and Tallinn, and are scheduled to tour Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Ecuador in spring 2005. Several anthologies and newspapers feature Walloch's writing. Walloch has appeared in Moscow, Toronto, Vancouver, London, Australia, Ireland, Germany, Poland, Tel Aviv and across the United States. '''Finland''' competed at the '''1980 Summer Olympics''' in Moscow, USSR (Soviet Union). 105 competitors, 99 men and 6 women, took part in 71 events in 16 sports. Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow

literary theory

Рома́н О́сипович Якобсо́н ) (October 11, 1896, Moscow – July 18, 1982, Boston) was a Russian linguist (Linguistics) and literary theorist (Literary theory). Life and work Jakobson was born in Russia to a well-to-do family of Jewish descent, and he developed a fascination with language at a very young age. He studied at the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages and then in the Historical-Philological Faculty of Moscow University. Jakobson, Roman (1997

on literary theory, ethics, and the philosophy of language. His writings, on a variety of subjects, inspired scholars working in a number of different traditions (Marxism, semiotics, structuralism, religious criticism) and in disciplines as diverse as literary criticism, history, philosophy, anthropology and psychology. Although Bakhtin was active in the debates on aesthetics and literature that took place in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, his distinctive position did not become well known until he was rediscovered by Russian scholars in the 1960s. DATE OF DEATH March 7, 1975 PLACE OF DEATH Moscow, Russia right thumb George Soros (Image:George Soros Billington.jpg) (left) and James H. Billington. Billington is the author of ''Mikhailovsky and Russian Populism'' (1956), ''The Icon and the Axe'' (1966), ''Fire in the Minds of Men'' (1980), ''Russia Transformed: Breakthrough to Hope, August 1991'' (1992) and ''The Face of Russia'' (1998), the companion book to the three-part television series of the same name, which he wrote and narrated for the Public Broadcasting Service. ''The Icon and the Axe, Fire in the Minds of Men'' and ''The Face of Russia'' have been translated and published in a variety of languages. Billington has accompanied ten congressional delegations to Russia and the former Soviet Union. In June 1988 he accompanied President Ronald Reagan to the Soviet Summit in Moscow. He is the founder of the Open World Program and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Open World Leadership Center. The Open World Program is a nonpartisan initiative of the U.S. Congress that has brought 6,265 emerging young Russian political leaders to communities throughout America. thumb 180px Richard Dunne (File:Richard Dunne 2011.jpg) after a famous performance for Ireland against Russia (Russia national football team) in Moscow in September 2011. Dunne almost single-handedly stopped a Russian team which totally dominated midfield and created wave after wave of attacks, with his contributions helping seal eventual qualification for UEFA Euro 2012. After the disappointment of not qualifying for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Ireland made a positive start to their UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying campaign with a 1-0 win in Yerevan against Armenia (Armenia national football team) thanks to a strike by Keith Fahey, followed by a 3-1 win against Andorra (Andorra national football team) at home. Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow

sporting victory

champion rowers in Moscow, resulting in the first American (United States) sporting victory on Soviet soil, and certainly the first time a Russian crowd gave any American team a standing ovation during the Cold War. Water World, ''Sports Illustrated'', November 17, 2003. The men's crew have won 15 national titles (14 Intercollegiate Rowing Association, 1

of Washington dating back to 1901. The Washington men's crew gained international prominence by winning the gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, defeating the German and Italian crews much to the chagrin of Adolf Hitler who was in attendance. In 1958, the men's crew furthered their lore with a shocking win over Leningrad Trud's world champion rowers in Moscow, resulting in the first American sporting victory on Soviet (Soviet Union) soil, and certainly the first time

high field

in Hong Kong. '''Anne Sophie Swetchine''' (née Sophia Petrovna Soïmonov or Soymanof; November 22, 1782 – 1857), known as '''Madame Swetchine''', was a Russian mystic (mysticism), born in Moscow, and famous for her salon (Salon (gathering)) in Paris. High-field high-frequency measurements High-field high-frequency EPR measurements are sometimes needed to detect subtle spectroscopic details. However, for many years the use of electromagnets to produce the needed

around 1975. EPR of low-dimensional systems Two decades later, a W-band EPR spectrometer was produced as a small commercial line by the German Bruker Company (Bruker), initiating the expansion of W-band EPR techniques into medium-sized academic laboratories. Today there still are only a few scientific centers in the world capable of high-field high-frequency EPR; among them are the Grenoble High Magnetic Field Laboratory in Grenoble

resistance time

in concentration camps. In the United States, this book was published in part in the ''New Masses''. Massing continued to write about Hitler insisting that ''Hitler is no Fool!''. After his release, he left Germany for Paris and then the United States, but was sent back to Germany and other European countries from time to time to work for the communist resistance. Time spent in Joseph Stalin's Moscow and barely survived led to the later strong criticism of soviet communism. Back in the U.S., the Massings lived in an old farmhouse Quakertown, Pennsylvania. When the FBI questioned Hede Massing about Gerhart Eisler, her first husband from 1919 to 1923, who had been an illegal immigrant and an agent for the Comintern to the U.S. in the 1930s, but was now (from 1941) a legal refugee, both began slowly to confess their soviet work. Hede's memoir of their life in Communist intelligence, ''This Deception'' was published in 1951. It shows the hardships they had had to endure and their strange life working first for the GRU (State Political Directorate) and later, the KGB. Paul Massing later left Hede for sociologist Herta Herzog. In 1990 a conference (or Congress) of people interested in Scouting was held in Moscow. Viktor Deimund (now the President of the Scout Movement of Kazakhstan) represented Kazakhstan at the Congress. The Congress established the ''Association of Russian Scouting Renaissance''. The homegrown Scout troops within Kazakhstan joined the membership of the Ural Scout Region (Russian Association of Scouts Navigators#After 1990). Since then, the musical has been performed in Canada, Antwerp, London, Amsterdam, Budapest, Szeged, Moscow, Vienna, Bucharest, Seoul, Pusan (South Korea), Taipei, Monterrey and Japan and has been translated into several languages, including Flemish, Hungarian (Hungarian language), Russian (Russian language), English (English language), German (German language), Spanish (Spanish language), Romanian (Romanian language), Japanese (Japanese language), and Korean (Korean language). The series was commissioned by BBC Wales for the Welsh language channel S4C (although it was commissioned in English (English language)). Production was co-ordinated by the Dave Edwards Studio in Cardiff, and executed by well-known Russian directors (television director) and animators in Moscow. The scripts were written by children's author Leon Garfield, using mainly Shakespearian language. The academic consultant was professor Stanley Wells. birth_date August 15, 1958 birth_place Moscow, Russia '''Victor Anatolievich Shenderovich''' ( Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow

ancient classical

an editor. See P.G., loc. cit., 787. Krumbacher emphasizes his fondness for ancient classical Greek literature and the original sources of Christian theology, in spite of the fact that he lived in a "dark" century, and was far away from any of the few remaining centres of erudition. After the end of the war, Atkinson stayed only briefly in New York before being sent to Moscow as a press correspondent; his work as the Moscow correspondent for the Times

published important

, including fossil Diptera, and published important syntheses on fossil insects. His work is being extensively revised by the current generation of Russian paleoentomologists (paleoentomology). Plot The movie begins in 1973 Moscow, where Engineer Shurik (Aleksandr Demyanenko) is working on a time machine (Time travel) in his apartment. By accident, he sends Ivan Vasilevich Bunsha (Yuri Yakovlev (Yuriy Yakovlev (Soviet actor))), superintendent of his apartment building, and George Miloslavsky (Leonid Kuravlev), a small-time burglar, back into the time of Ivan IV. The pair is forced to disguise themselves, with Bunsha dressing up as Ivan IV and Miloslavsky as a knyaz of the same name (who everybody thought was executed by the tsar). At the same time, the real Ivan IV (also played by Yuri Yakovlev) is sent by the same machine into Shurik's apartment, he has to deal with modern-day life while Shurik tries to fix the machine so that everyone can be brought back to their proper place in time. As the police (tipped off by a neighbor who was burgled by Miloslavsky) close in on Shurik, who is frantically trying to repair the machine, the cover of Bunsha and Miloslavsky is blown and they have to fight off the Streltsy, who have figured out that Bunsha is not the real Tsar. The movie ends with Bunsha, Miloslavsky, and Ivan IV all transported back to their proper places, although the entire thing is revealed to be a dream by Shurik. Or was it? Although many nations boycotted (American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics) the '''1980 Summer Olympics''' in Moscow because of the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Asian nation itself ironically participated in the Games held in the capital city of the Soviet Union. Also, the nation returned to the Olympic Games after missing the 1976 Summer Olympics held in Montreal. '''Algeria''' competed at the '''1980 Summer Olympics''' in Moscow, USSR (Soviet Union). The nation returned to the Olympic Games after boycotting the 1976 Summer Olympics. 54 competitors, all men, took part in 28 events in 9 sports. Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow

making extensive

, the Ensemble gained fame outside the Soviet Union, making extensive tours worldwide. Boris Alexandrov retired in 1987, and was succeeded by People's Artist of Russia Igor Agafonnikov the same year, Ensemble-Aleksandrova: Biography of Boris Alexandrov with Anatoly Maltsev as the ensemble chief. He

culture science

become famous (Celebrity) in various branches of culture, science, sports, etc. For many others not born in Moscow, the city is also a place for realizing their ideas, business ventures and political careers. Many current politicians in leading positions and key figures from the international political and economy scene have received an education in Moscow. International relations Twin towns and sister cities div class

excellent ties

interest of our countries, our peoples and the economy"''. As for the Greek-Russian bilateral relations, Mr.Karamanlis stated that ''"this visit bears witness to the excellent ties between the two nations, signalling and symbolising the construction of a major project, the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline"''. This the second time that Putin visits Athens to meet with the Greek Premier, however they had also previous meetings in Moscow (w:Moscow) and northern Greece (w:Porto Carras), during the last two years. right 200px Bronze Soldier of Tallinn (Image:Tallinn Bronze Soldier - May 2006 - 022.jpg) Estonia has closed its consulate in Moscow (w:Moscow), Russia, after riots erupted outside. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (w:Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs) alleged that an attempt was made to assault the ambassador at a press conference and that this amounts to violation of diplomatic conventions. Canada has won the Men's 2007 World Hockey Championship (w:2007 IIHF World Championship) in Moscow (w:Moscow), defeating Finland 4-2. Canada's national ice hockey team went undefeated with a 9-0 record. The Tournament Most Valuable Player was Rick Nash (w:Rick Nash) (Canada). Other individual award winners were; Top Forward, Alexei Morozov (w:Alexei Morozov) (Russia); Top Defenceman, Andrei Markov (w:Andrei Markov (ice hockey)) (Russia); Top Goalie, Kari Lehtonen (w:Kari Lehtonen) (Finland). Litvinenko's murder led to a lengthy investigation by the Metropolitan Police Service (w:Metropolitan Police Service) and additional specialist police forces following a trail of sites which had been contaminated with radiation, leading eventually to Moscow (w:Moscow). A file of evidence was sent in January 2007 to the Crown Prosecution Service (w:Crown Prosecution Service) for consideration as to whether any criminal charges might be brought. According to Lugovoi, who spoke to reporters during a press conference in Moscow (w:Moscow), the British government wanted him to collect personal information that related to the Russian President, Vladimir Putin (w:Vladimir Putin). When asked whether the deal should be seen as a step towards a resolution of the rift between Russia and the US, Boeing Executive Vice President Scott Carson replied, "It represents a business relationship between our Company and Aeroflot, and I'm really proud of it,". Boeing has had a policy of Russian involvement dating back to the early 1990s. More recently, Boeing has entered into an agreement with Russian manufacturer Sukhoi (w:Sukhoi) for worldwide marketing and after-sales support for their regional aircraft (w:regional aircraft), the Superjet (w:Superjet), and have reached a deal with Kremlin (w:Kremlin)-owned Unified Aircraft (w:Unified Aircraft) for general co-operation. They also have a Moscow (w:Moscow) design centre that has 1,400 employees and a 30-year contract for supply of titanium (w:titanium) parts with Russia's VSMPO-Avisma (w:VSMPO-Avisma), which Boeing estimates to be worth $18 million. On June 13 air traffic control (w:air traffic control)ers in Moscow (w:Moscow) prevented what ultimately became a near-miss from becoming a serious midair collision. The incident (w:aviation accidents and incidents) occurred when a Bombardier (w:Bombardier) Challenger 60 business jet (w:business jet) violated controllers' instructions and flew into the path of a Boeing 757 (w:Boeing 757). Russia last hosted the games in 1980 (w:1980 Summer Olympics) in Moscow (w:Moscow), when the country was known as the Soviet Union (w:Soviet Union). The games were boycotted (w:American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics) by the United States (w:United States) and some of its allies over the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (w:Soviet invasion of Afghanistan). An Antonov An-12 (w:Antonov An-12) cargo airplane crashed early Sunday morning in the Moscow (w:Moscow) airport Domodedovo (w:Domodedovo), leaving no survivors. According to a spokesperson of the Ministry of Emergencies, the airplane "fell four kilometres (''2.5 miles'') from the runway and caught fire. There were eight people on board, including crew and passengers." Five crewmembers and three passengers were on their way from Moscow to the cities Bratsk (w:Bratsk) and Omsk (w:Omsk), in Siberia (w:Siberia). Russia had a penalty appeal turned down by the Spanish (Spain) referee after eleven minutes, while Konstantin Zyrianov saw his drive pushed onto the goalposts by England's goalkeeper Paul Robinson. Needing to win on an artificial pitch in Moscow (w:Moscow) to be certain of qualification, England took the lead after 29 minutes when Wayne Rooney (w:Wayne Rooney) opened the scoring with a volley. right 300px thumb A pumpkin in a dark field. Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Moscow (Image:NKN-2007-09-01 125930 Pumpkins field (Yvan Leduc author for Wikipedia).jpg) Commons:Category:Moscow Wikipedia:Moscow


'''Moscow''' (

Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia making it the world's most populated inland city. The city is well known for its unique architecture which consists of many different historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its brightly colored domes. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012. In the course of its history the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Soviet Union. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of prestigious Russian artists, scientists and sports figures during the course of its history and because of the presence of many different museums, academic and political institutions and theaters. Moscow is also the seat of power of the Government of Russia (Russian government), being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress that is today the residence of the Russian president. The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square are also one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament (the State Duma and the Federation Council (Federation Council of Russia)) also sit in the city.

The city is served by an extensive transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system (Moscow monorail) and one of the deepest underground metro systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside of Asia in terms of passenger numbers. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich and varied architecture of its 194 stations.

Over time, Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome ( " (''moskvich''), rendered in English as ''Muscovite''.

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