the new kingdom for the descendants of the Tuyühu Xianbei who had lost their country. The Western Xia made significant achievements in literature, art, music, architecture, and chemistry. Through effective military organizations that integrated cavalry, chariots, archery, shields, artillery (cannons carried on the back of camels), and amphibious troops for combats on the land and water, Qin, Wenzhong 秦文忠 , Zhou Haitao 周海涛 and Qin Ling 秦岭 (1998). "Xixia jun shi ti yu yu
held in Sopot. Unlike the Eurovision Song Contest, the Sopot International Music Festival often changed its formulas to pick a winner and offered many different contests for its participants. For example, at the 4th Intervision Song Festival (held in Sopot August 20-23, 1980) two competitions were effective: one for artists representing television companies, the other for those representing record companies. In the first the jury considered the artistic merits of the songs entered; while in the second, it judged the performers' interpretation." Commons:Category:Mongolia WikiPedia:Mongolia Dmoz:Regional Asia Mongolia
was ruled by Khabul Khan, great grandfather of Temujin (Genghis Khan). At that time, the Mongolian plateau was occupied by five main powerful tribal confederations (''khanlig''): Kereit, Khamag Mongol, Naiman (Naimans), Mergid (Merkit) and Tatar (Tatar confederation). The Jin emperors, following a policy of divide and rule, encouraged disputes among the tribes, especially between the Tatars and Mongols, in order to keep the nomadic tribes distracted by their own battles
on . The '''Flag of Mongolia''' ( , '''State flag of Mongolia''') consists of three equal bands, of alternating red, blue and red, with the soyombo (Soyombo symbol) national symbol Montsame News Agency. ''Mongolia''. 2006, ISBN 9992906278, p. 8 centering the first red band in yellow. The central blue band is described as the eternal blue sky (Tengri), while the side red bands represent the ability of Mongolia to thrive in its harsh
populations. In the wake of the Tibetan diaspora, Tibetan Buddhism has gained adherents in the West and throughout the world. Celebrity practitioners include Brandon Boyd, Richard Gere, Adam Yauch, Jet Li, Sharon Stone, Allen Ginsberg, Philip Glass, Mike Barson and Steven Seagal (who has been proclaimed the reincarnation of the tulku Chungdrag Dorje). Statement by H.H. Penor Rinpoche Regarding
) was one of the leaders of Mongolia from 1952 to 1984. During his political life, he served as prime minister and general secretary of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (Mongolian People's Party). Consequently, there are many thousands of documents that are considered authentic in traditional history, but not in New Chronology. Fomenko often uses "falsified" documents, which he dismisses in other contexts, to prove a point. For example, he analyzes the Tartar Relation and arrives at the conclusion that Mongolian capital of Karakorum was located in Central Russia (equated with present-day Yaroslavl.) However, the Tartar Relation makes several statements that are at odds with New Chronology (such as that Batu Khan and Russian duke Yaroslav (Yaroslav II of Russia) are two distinct people). Those are said by Fomenko to have been introduced into the original text by later editors. This article lists '''political parties (political party) in Mongolia'''. Before 2008, Mongolia had a winner-takes-all voting system (Plurality voting system), which meant that there could be large differences in the composition of the parliament between elections, and that strict party discipline was not encouraged. In the 2008 parliamentary elections (Mongolian legislative election, 2008), a block voting system (Plurality-at-large voting) was used. The Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture is west of Mongolia, south of Russia and east of Kazakhstan. Its foreign boundary is 2,000 km. (The Bortala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture interrupts the border with Kazakhstan for several km.) Leagues (Leagues of Inner Mongolia) ( Commons:Category:Mongolia WikiPedia:Mongolia Dmoz:Regional Asia Mongolia
; He also won two world champion titles (FILA Wrestling World Championships), in 1974 and 1975 in the -62 kg class. http: www.foeldeak.com wrestlingdatabase.php?language en In 1977 competing in the freestyle -68 kg class he came in second taking the Bronze metal. ; born February 22, 1944) is a retired Mongolian sport
accessdate 2013-06-28 Modern humans reached Mongolia approximately 40,000 years ago during the Upper Paleolithic. The ''Khoid Tsenkher Cave'' Eleanora Novgorodova, Archäologische Funde, Ausgrabungsstätten und Skulpturen, in ''Mongolen (catalogue)'', pp. 14–20 in Khovd Province shows lively pink, brown, and red ochre paintings (20,000 years ago) of mammoths, lynx, bactrian camels, and ostriches, earning it the nickname "
, ''Raelian Contact 288''. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 13 July 2007. Celebrating the First Sunday of April, ''Raelian Contact 322''. 14 April 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007. Women such as Brigitte Boisselier, the Chief Executive Officer of Clonaid, play a powerful role in the Raëlian Church. There are two major groups of women in the Raëlian Church. date February 1918 – November 1920 place Former Russian Empire (including Russian SFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic), Baltic states, Ukraine, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Poland, Finland, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Armenia), Mongolia, Persia (Iran) casus Bolshevik Revolution The Soviet Union had the world's longest border, measuring over Commons:Category:Mongolia WikiPedia:Mongolia Dmoz:Regional Asia Mongolia
of ethnic minorities today lives in western Germany and also one of the reasons why minorities such as the Vietnamese have the most unusual population pyramid, with nearly all second generation Vietnamese Germans born after 1989. thumb 300px Pass of the ISS over Mongolia (File:Pass over Eastern Asia to Philippine Sea and Guam.ogv), looking out west towards the Pacific Ocean, China, and Japan. As the video progresses, you can see major cities along the coast and the Japanese islands on the Philippine Sea. The island of Guam can be seen further down the pass into the Philippine Sea, and the pass ends just to the east of New Zealand. A lightning storm can be seen as light pulses near the end of the video. The 13th and 14th century, when the Mongol Empire came to power, is often called the ''Age of the Mongols''. Mongol armies expanded westward under the command of Batu Khan. Their western conquests included almost all of Russia (save Novgorod, which became a vassal), The Destruction of Kiev Kipchak (Kipchak people) lands, Hungary, and Poland (Which had remained sovereign state). Mongolian records indicate that Batu Khan was planning a complete conquest of the remaining European powers, beginning with a winter attack on Austria, Italy and Germany, when he was recalled to Mongolia upon the death of Great Khan Ögedei (Ögedei Khan). Most historians believe only his death prevented the complete conquest of Europe Commons:Category:Mongolia WikiPedia:Mongolia Dmoz:Regional Asia Mongolia
'''Mongolia''' , ''Mongol Uls'') is a landlocked country in east (East Asia)-central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulaanbaatar, the capital (capital (political)) and also the largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.
The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires, including the Xiongnu, the Xianbei, the Rouran, the Turkic Khaganate, and others. In 1206, Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire, and his grandson Kublai Khan conquered China to establish the Yuan Dynasty. After the collapse of the Yuan, the Mongols retreated to Mongolia and resumed their earlier pattern of factional conflict and occasional raids on the Chinese borderlands. In the 16th centuries, Tibetan Buddhism (Buddhism in Mongolia) began to spread in Mongolia and it has been accelerated by the unwavering support of Qing government after Mongolia had been incorporated by the Qing dynasty. In 1900s, almost half of the adult male population were Buddhist monks. Michael Jerryson, ''Mongolian Buddhism: The Rise and Fall of the Sangha,'' (Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books, 2007), 89.
At the end of the 18th century, all of Mongolia had been incorporated into the area ruled by the Manchu (Manchu people)s' Qing Dynasty. During the collapse of the Qing Dynasty the Mongols established Temporary Government of Khalkha (Khalkha Mongols) in 30 November 1911. On 29 December 1911 Mongolia declared independence from the Qing Dynasty and this National Liberation Revolution (Wars of national liberation) ended 220 years (Northern Yuan Dynasty#Decline (1688-1691)) of Manchu rule (153 years after the collapse of the Zunghar Khanate).
Shortly thereafter, the country came under Soviet influence, resulting in the proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic as a Soviet satellite state in 1924. After the breakdown of communist regimes in Europe (Revolutions of 1989) in late 1989, Mongolia saw its own democratic revolution (1990 Democratic Revolution in Mongolia) in early 1990; it led to a multi-party system, a new constitution of 1992, and transition to a market economy.
At , Mongolia is the 19th largest (List of countries and dependencies by area) and one of the most sparsely populated (List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density) independent countries in the world, with a population of around 3 million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan. The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.
Approximately 30% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic. The predominant religion in Mongolia is Tibetan Buddhism. Islam is the dominant religion among ethnic Kazakhs. The majority of the state's citizens are of Mongol ethnicity, although Kazakhs, Tuvans, and other minorities also live in the country, especially in the west. Mongolia joined the World Trade Organization in 1997 and seeks to expand its participation in regional economic and trade regimes.