, Moldova, Ukraine, Bulgaria (Southern Dobruja) the last Romanian monarchy was dissolved 1721–1917 Russia, Finland, Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Armenia, Azerbaijan one of the great powers of the 18th and 19th centuries as well as the second largest modern empire in history 1922–1991 Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania one of the greatest superpowers in modern times comprising most of the territory that once was under the Russian Empire including some new territory after World War II in Europe annexed from Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia Europe Bulgaria Hungary Moldova Serbia Ukraine *'''Atlantic Ocean''' '''''Black Sea''''' Europe Belarus Hungary Moldova Poland Romania Russia Slovakia *'''Atlantic Ocean''' '''''Black Sea''''' '''Andrei Tchmil''' (born 22 January 1963 in Khabarovsk, Russia) is a retired professional road bicycle racer. His family moved to Ukraine during the days of the Soviet Union. He started cycling and showed enough talent to be moved to a cycling school in Moldova. The glasnost in the Soviet Union allowed him to try a professional career with the Italian (Italy) Alfa Lum (Alfa Lum cycling team) team in 1989. Andrei Tchmil By Tomas Nilsson In August 2006, Tchmil was appointed Minister (minister (government)) of Sport in Moldova. Minister of sport Andrei Tchmil In 2009, he became the team manager of the newly formed Team Katusha. Katusha presented on home soil Tchmil left the squad at the end of 2011. Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
and is a singer who was part of the boyband O-Zone. When he was 17, the famous opera singer Larisa Shulga taught him singing lessons, which led him to Dan Balan who invited him to become a new member of “O-Zone”. The band had many hits and became successful domestically and internationally. After the band broke up Arsenie started his solo career and his first single ''Love Me, Love Me'' was released in 2005. Popular Romanian rapper Connect-R and the former lead singer
+in+the+former+Soviet+Union&sig Kdm4ndGC7XbDsOS8qiXjPlxC5k8 Beyond Charity: International Cooperation and the Global Refugee Crisis , published by the University of Oxford Press US, 1993, 1996. ISBN 0-19-510294-0. Retrieved 12-12-2007. In modern culture The day is an official holiday in Afghanistan, Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
. thumb right Romani musicians entertaining (Image:Theodor Aman - Feast with Gipsy Musicians.jpg) The lăutari who perform at traditional Romanian weddings are virtually all Roma, although their music draws from a vast variety of ethnic traditions — for example Romanian, Turkish, Jewish, and Slavic — as well as Romani traditions. Probably the most internationally prominent contemporary performer in the ''lăutari'' tradition is Taraful Haiducilor. Zdob şi Zdub, one of the most prominent rock bands in Moldova, although not Romani themselves, draw heavily on Roman music, as do Spitalul de Urgenţă in Romania. Kattel is one of the main protagonists of the Estonian innovation strategy and policy (especially as concerns Biotechnology and ICT (Information technology)); he is a member of the Innovation Policy Council, Research and Development Council of the Republic of Estonia, since June 2003, as well as a member of the Estonian Biotechnology Expert Group of the Ministry of Economic Affairs. Internationally, he has worked mostly as a consultant for the UNDP (e.g. national development plans of Moldova and Kazakhstan). Between 2002 and 2006, Kattel was also Senior Research Fellow at Estonia’s leading public policy think-tank, PRAXIS. Especially his critical regular opinion pieces in the national daily, ''Eesti Päevaleht'', and his many commentaries or panel participatoion on television, have gained him a general national audience as well. Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
; and are contained in 14 Annexes to the CFE Final Act and within the 1999 Istanbul Summit Declaration. The Agreement on Adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (also known as the adapted CFE treaty) is a revision of the original treaty and was signed during the November 1999 Istanbul summit and took into account the different geopolitical situation of the post-Cold War era by setting national instead of bloc-based limits on conventional armed forces. NATO members refused to ratify the treaty as long as Russia refused to completely withdraw its troops from Moldovan and Georgian (Georgia (country)) soil. While Russia partially withdrew troops and equipment from Georgia and Moldova, it did not do so completely as demanded by NATO. The linkage between the ratification of the adapted treaty and the complete withdrawal has no legal basis, but is rather a political decision made by NATO members. Most likely, but not mentioned in Russia's explanatory document, the above mentioned "extraordinary circumstances" are also a referral to the US plans to base parts of a missile defense system (National missile defense#Recent developments) in Poland and the Czech Republic. A. KRAMER, "Russia Steps Back From Key Arms Treaty" in ''The New York Times'', July 14, 2007 These US plans would not be possible without the 2002 unilateral withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty by the US as this treaty prevented the establishment of new anti-missile defenses sites. See: BBC NEWS, "Q&A: US missile defence", July 3, 2007. The CFE treaty could thus become (after the ABM treaty) the second major Cold War treaty that was suspended. Another likely reason is that NATO members refused to ratify the Adapted CFE Treaty (Adapted Conventional Armed Forces in Europe Treaty) due to the continuing presence of several hundred Russian troops in Moldova - something they consider to violate the obligations Russia assumed during the 1999 Istanbul summit. Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
successive rulers, Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II, the country emerged as a regional power with considerable military and economic strength. Between 1204 and 1261, during the Latin Empire, the Bulgarian civil and religious authorities saw themselves as a Byzantine successor in preserving the traditions of the Eastern Orthodox Church with numerous important relics being collected in the capital Tarnovo. 200px thumb right Khan Omurtag of Bulgaria Omurtag (File:Omurtag.jpg) orders the killing
pride parade LGBT Pride Parades often attract violence because of their public nature. Though many countries where such events take place attempt to provide police protection to participants, some would prefer that the parades not happen, and police either ignore or encourage violent protesters. The country of Moldova has shown particular contempt to marchers, shutting down official requests to hold parades and allowing protesters to intimidate and harm any who try to march anyway. In 2007
watch?v 5fyKwdOkdyc * "Fast Hungarian" dance tune from Klézse village in Moldova: '''Chişinău National Opera''', the national opera company of Moldova , based in the country's capital, Chişinău, was founded in the mid-1940s and became a professional company in 1956. Following the collapse of the USSR, the company is one of the few ex-Soviet opera companies to retain its own orchestra, chorus, soloists and ballet company. The company has toured with several operas to Britain (UK) and Ireland with productions of operas such as Carmen, Turandot and Nabucco. Before World War II, minorities represented more than 28% of the total population. During the war that percentage was halved, largely by the loss of the border areas of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina (to the former Soviet Union — now Moldova and Ukraine), Black Sea islands (to the former Soviet Union — now Ukraine) and southern Dobrudja (to Bulgaria), as well as by the postwar flight or deportation of ethnic Germans. '''Cimișlia''' is a district ( Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
in Italy. She is a five-time Olympian, and a native of Moldova, having represented the Unified Team, Moldova and Italy, at the Olympic Games of 1992, 96, 00, 04 and 08. She won the individual and team bronze medals in the 1992 Olympic Games (1992 Summer Olympics). Valeeva is the mother of twins, and is married to an Italian native (Roberto Cocchi). She is sponsored by Hoyt Archery and Easton Technical Products as a member of their Pro Staff. Ion Creangă was posthumously granted several honors, and is commemorated by a number of institutions in both Romania and neighboring Moldova. These include the ''Bojdeuca (Ion Creangă Memorial House, Iaşi)'' building in Iaşi, which, in 1918, was opened as the first memorial house in Romania. His direct descendants include Horia Creangă, one of the leading Romanian architects during the interwar period. The legacy of Ion Creangă was also tangible in the Soviet Union, and especially in the Moldavian SSR (which, as the larger section of Bessarabia, had been part of interwar Greater Romania, and later became independent Moldova). Initially, his writings, titled ''Moldavian Stories'', formed part of the Soviet curriculum in the Moldavian Autonomous Region (Moldavian ASSR) (Transnistria). Charles Upson Clark, ''Bessarabia. Russia and Roumania on the Black Sea'': Chapter XXIX, "The Moldavian Soviet Republic", at the University of Washington's DXARTS CARTAH Electronic Text Archive; retrieved August 16, 2009 Following the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia (Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina), Creangă was one of the Romanian-language writers whose works were still allowed for publishing by the new authorities. Wikipedia:Republic of Moldova Commons:Category:Moldova Dmoz:Regional Europe Moldova
title Moldova: Romanian Recognized as the Official Language publisher Law Library of Congress date 23 December 2013 accessdate 13 June 2014 author Roudik, Peter
'''Moldova''' country in Eastern Europe located between Romania to its west and Ukraine to its north, east and south. Its capital city is Chișinău.
Moldova declared itself an independent state (Moldovan Declaration of Independence) with the same boundaries as the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991 as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A new constitution (Constitution of Moldova) was adopted on 29 July 1994. A strip of Moldova's internationally recognised territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the ''de facto'' control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990.
As a result of a decrease in industrial and agricultural output since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the relative size of the service sector in Moldova's economy (Economy of Moldova) has grown to dominate its GDP (Gross domestic product) and currently stands at over 60%. Moldova remains, however, the poorest country in Europe.
Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president (President of Moldova) as head of state and a prime minister (List of Prime Ministers of Moldova) as head of government. It is, among other organizations, a member state of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO) (World Trade Organization), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe), the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (Commonwealth of Independent States) and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) (Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation). The country aspires to join the European Union