for the spiritual adulation, exaltation and welfare of the Muslims community. This immensely popular program gives the people of Bangladesh an opportunity to interact with Muslims from other countries and is commonly attended by prominent political figures. '''Masjid-u-Shajarah''' (mosque of the tree) is a ''miqat'' (place where ihram is put on) for those going to Mecca for umrah or hajj. Abar Ali is the name of a place where Masjid-u-Shajarah is situated, 7 km outside of Medina in Dhul Hulaifah. * Saud bin Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz (born 1941), Saudi prince, Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia. Thomas, Katrina. "America as Alma Mater", ''Saudi Aramco World'', May June 1979. Accessed January 27, 2011. "Prince Sa'ud, the fourth son, also went to Hun School and Princeton." * Khalid bin Faisal (born 1940), Saudi prince who was Governor of 'Asir Province, now Governor of Mecca Province, Director General of the King Faisal Foundation. MacFarquhar, Neil (Neil MacFarquhar). "THREATS AND RESPONSES; 'Feeling of Frustration' Makes Arab World an Explosive Region", ''The New York Times'', September 13, 2002. Accessed March 6, 2011. "EARLY YEARS: Born 1940 in Mecca. Educated at Hun School in Princeton, N.J.; B.A. Oxford, 1966." * Jim Coane, Academy Award winning film Producer. Founder of Coane Productions.
first went to religious schools on the British side of the border, and eventually, to a place near Jalalabad, where he became a Murid (pupil) of the Naqib of Chaharbagh, at the time the most famous and influential religious leader in Afghanistan. In 1923 Mirza Ali Khan performed the Hajj in Mecca and thereafter settled down in the village of Ipi, situated near the British military road connecting Bannu and Razmak. He was known as a peaceful, religious preacher. There he gradually acquired the reputation of saintliness among the clan of Daurs, but not attracting as yet the attention of the authorities as a potential agitator. Paganus was also Lord of Oultrejordain (Transjordan), and Karak became the centre of his power, replacing the weaker castle of Montreal (Montreal (Crusader castle)) to the south. Because of its position east of the Dead Sea, Karak was able to control Bedouin herders as well as the trade routes from Damascus to Egypt and Mecca. His successors, his nephew Maurice and Philip of Milly, added towers and protected the north and south sides with two deep rock-cut ditches (the southern ditch also serving as a cistern). The most notable Crusader architectural feature surviving is the north wall, into which are built immense arched halls on two levels. These were used for living quarters and stables, but also served as a fighting gallery overlooking the castle approach and for shelter against missiles from siege engines. titlestyle background:#328532 list1 Afif
– Grand Mosque Seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages. The Saudi government receives help from French (France) special forces to put down the uprising. *1980 – Lake Peigneur drains into an underlying salt deposit. A misplaced Texaco oil probe had been drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Mine, causing water to flow down into the mine, eroding
is told from the point-of-view of peripheral individuals such as Hamza ibn `Abd al-Muttalib (Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib) (Muhammad's uncle), Abu Sufyan (the leader of Mecca) and his wife Hind bint Utbah (enemies of Islam who later become Muslims themselves). Production Director Akkad faced resistance from Hollywood to making a film about the origins of Islam and had to go outside the United States to raise the production money for the film. Lack of financing nearly shut
, and the Kaabah's environs were an inviolable sanctuary. This pilgrimage traffic added considerably to the wealth of the merchants of Makkah, which also benefited from its position astride the caravan routes from Yemen (Arabia Felix) up to the Mediterranean markets. Free At Last & Career After Roc-A-Fella (2007-2008) thumb right 200px Freeway performing in Wilmington, Delaware (File:Freeway performing in Wilmington, Delaware.jpg) in July 2008. In response to his crisis of faith
and economy, consolidated the northern boundaries of the Sultanate with the Ottoman Empire, engaged in trade with other contemporaneous polities, and emerged as a great patron of art and architecture. In fact, although Qaitbay fought sixteen military campaigns, he is best remembered for the spectacular building projects that he sponsored, leaving his mark as an architectural patron on Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Damascus, Aleppo, Alexandria, and every quarter of Cairo. Consolidation of power Following the defeat of Suwar, Qaitbay set about purging his court of the remaining factions and installing his own purchased Mamluks in all positions of power. He frequently went on excursions, ostentatiously leaving the Citadel (Cairo Citadel) with limited guards to display his trust of his subordinates and of the populace. He traveled throughout his reign, visiting Alexandria, Damascus, and Aleppo, among other cities, and personally inspecting his many building projects. In 1472 he performed the Hajj to Mecca. He was struck by the poverty of the citizens of Medina and devoted a substantial portion of his private fortune to the alleviation of their plight. Through such measures Qaitbay gained a reputation for piety, charity, and royal self-confidence. Petry, ''Twilight'', 73-82. Today Qaitbay is perhaps best known for his wide-ranging architectural patronage. At least 230 monuments, either surviving or mentioned in contemporary sources, are associated with his reign. In Egypt, Qaitbay's buildings were to be found throughout Cairo, as well as in Alexandria and Rosetta; in Syria he sponsored projects in Aleppo and Damascus; in addition, he was responsible for the construction of madrasas and fountains in Jerusalem and Gaza, which still stand — most notably the Fountain of Qayt Bay and al-Ashrafiyya Madrasa. On the Arabian peninsula, Qaitbay sponsored the restoration of mosques and the construction of madrasas, fountains and hostels in Mecca and Medina. After a serious fire struck the Mosque of the Prophet (Al-Masjid al-Nabawi) in Medina in 1481, the building, including the Tomb of the Prophet, was extensively renewed through Qaitbay's patronage. Meinecke, ''Mamlukische Architektur'', II.396-442. * Calcutta Kolkata * Mecca Makkah * Gothenburg Göteborg : If I understand what you say correctly (which is that ''this issue is more about the main text references and less about the title''), I would still prefer the usage of Kolkata over Calcutta. It is not the question of discounting the whims of the governments, but analysing the impact that such renamings will have and the popularity of the new names among the local population. And of course, one needs to consider the mass appeal of the place. For example, Kolkata Calcutta attracts less international attention than Mecca Makkah every year. In which case,it is indeed in the interest of information, that the new names be used over the old ones, while reminding the reader that this is indeed the city that was formerly known as . The same may not be true of Mecca because of the renown of the latter - as a global pilgrimage spot, and the decision to rename the place may not find favour popularity among people who do visit the place every year. My point here may be prejudiced by the specific instance of Kolkata (as John (User:John Kenney) has observed in the comments section), as I think the continued reference to Calcutta in the main article, will only involve more and more people (perhaps unwittingly) trying to ''correct'' the reference - because from an Indian (Anglophone or otherwise) perspective, it sounds rather antiquated. Chancemill (User:Chancemill) 09:07, Apr 23, 2004 (UTC) ::That's exactly the main problem. Usually, locals have a big preference of the new name, and may fight tooth and nail for it (see Talk:Gdansk), whereas non-locals prefer what they are used to, also often vigorously stating their point. I am sure, people from Mecca have similar arguments why Makkah is the right name. The poll is an attempt to see what the majority wants. -- chris_73 (User:Chris 73) 09:45, 23 Apr 2004 (UTC) ::Funny you should say that Calcutta is antiquated from an Indian perspective, because I call it 'Calcutta', and so does everyone I know, except for exactly one person, and when he says 'Kolkata' he gets funny looks. Arvindn (User:Arvindn) 10:30, 23 Apr 2004 (UTC) His poems can be found in Hammad Ar-Rawiya's anthology, the ''Mu'allaqat'' ("the Suspended"), a collection of pre-Islamic poetry. He was one of the ''Seven Hanged Poets'' who were reputed to have been honoured by hanging copies of their work in the Kaaba at Mecca. He was Umar ibn Khattab's favourite poet. It was a pond or marsh formed by a spring in the wadi, located to the east of the road from Medina to Mecca, three (according to other sources two) Arab miles (roughly 4 to 6 km) from Al-Johfa (modern Rabigh), roughly 180 km from both Mecca and Medina, at ca.
to the Kaaba in Mecca following a revelation to the Prophet Muhammad by the Archangel Gabriel.
by crusader nobles for a long time, the title passing to the line of Isabelle de Toron, daughter of Stephanie, and for several generations belonged to Montfort family, who were lords of Tyre. After the 1350s, when the Montfort line went extinct without close heirs, the hereditary rights presumably passed to the kings of Cyprus who also were descendants of lords of Toron and Tyre. The product's name is a reference to the Well of Zamzam (Zamzam Well) in Mecca, that is one of the stops on the Islamic pilgrimage of the Hajj. Hajj Every year, the Saudi Arabian government's Ministry of Hajj sets up a tent city to support Muslim pilgrims in the village of Mina (Mina, Saudi Arabia), where the ritual Stoning of the Devil takes place as part of the overall Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca.
time periods. However, during the 16th and 17th centuries, Cairo
7–5 2–6 6–4 6–4. Going to the Heineken Challenger at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, he reached his second final, this time with Orest Tereshchuk, but they failed to win the final. Aisam went to Mecca, Saudi Arabia to represent Pakistan at the Islamic Solidarity Games where he won 3 Golds in the singles, doubles and team events. At the Davis Cup he won all his rubbers as Pakistan beat Chinese Taipei to reach the World Group play-offs for the first time. Hajj passport A special Hajj passport issued to those making a hajj pilgrimage to Mecca. This passport is issued through the Tabung Haji. thumb The w:Abraj Al Bait Abraj Al Bait (File:AbrajAlBaitTowersMeccaNov2010.jpg) '''Mecca (w:Mecca)''' , also transliterated as '''Makkah''', is a city in the Hejaz (w:Hejaz) and the capital of Makkah Province (w:Makkah Province) in Saudi Arabia. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah (w:Jeddah) in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during Hajj (w:Hajj) period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah (w:Dhu al-Hijjah). * '''The old Persian (w:Persian) devotion to the sun developed, in the course of time, into a highly intellectualized monotheism, and its prophets predicted the coming of a messiah. It was Persian priests (w:Zoroastrianism#Distinguishing_characteristics), or magi (w:Magi), who came to Bethlehem to worship the infant Jesus, as Mathew (Jesus#The_Gospel_of_Matthew) records.''' The Parsees (w:Parsi) of India... are the descendants of Old Believers who refused to yield to when the Calif Omar (w:Umar) conquered Persia (w:Muslim_conquest_of_Persia) in the year 641 and ordered the whole population to turn Moslem. ...so late as the Seventeenth Century, after a thousand years of Islam, a Persian reformer, Akbar (w:Akbar) by name, proposed formally that it be revived. ...'''every Moslem, facing Mecca (w:Mecca) when he prays, recalls the days when his ancestors faced the East and the risen sun, just as every Christian goes to church on Sun-day, celebrates Christmas on the ''dies natalis solis invictus (w:Sol_Invictus)'' or birthday of Mithra (w:Mithra), and employs symbols and ceremonials borrowed from the ancient sun-worship at Easter, the time of the vernal equinox.''' thumb 250px Map of Iran (Image:Iran map.png) In October, the President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (w:Mahmoud Ahmadinejad), called Israel a "disgraceful blot" to be "wiped off the map." Ahmadinejad further remarked Thursday at a summit of Muslim (w:Muslim) nations in Islam's holy city of Mecca (w:Mecca) that the Jewish state should be moved to Europe (w:Europe) and questioned whether the Holocaust (w:Holocaust) actually took place. A hostel collapsed in Mecca (w:Mecca), the holy city of Islam (w:Islam) at about 10 o'clock this morning local time. The building housed a number of pilgrims who came to visit the holy city at the eve of hajj pilgrimage. The hostel's guests were mostly citizens of the United Arab Emirates (w:United Arab Emirates). The death toll is at least 15, a figure which is expected to rise. The building was situated very close to the holy mosque Masjid al Haram (w:Masjid al Haram). thumb 220px The Plains of Arafat on the day of Hajj ''Photo Credit: Ali Mansuri'' (Image:Day of Hajj. Mecca, Saudi Arabia.jpg) According to the Saudi Interior Ministry over 345 Muslim (w:Muslim) pilgrims have been killed in a stampede (w:stampede) during the annual Hajj (w:Hajj) pilgrimage (w:pilgrimage) near Mecca (w:Mecca), Saudi Arabia (w:Saudi Arabia).
'''Mecca''' Rarely, Bakkah. ( above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ''hajj'' ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of ''Dhu al-Hijjah''.
As the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation (revelation) of the Quran (specifically, a Hira cave