. During the siege the defenders are said to have sold their wives and children for food, and to have gone blind from "lack of salt." Because of the hill Saladin was unable to use siege engines, but after almost two years the castle finally fell to his troops in May 1189, after which the defenders' families were returned to them. The Mameluks later captured and rebuilt it. Speaking at the National Press Club to mark his retirement, CBS commentator Eric Sevareid called
was in the eighth century mosque of Medina). Views On Radical Islam In Palazzi's view, Islam has been "hijacked" by the Wahabi movement in Saudi Arabia, a radical reformist movement which denies the moderate understanding of the Koran and has taken control of Mecca and Medina. He says that Oil money made a primitive and violent culture powerful on a global scale. And now, "they are reshaping Islam in accordance with their political issues." He said "unless an urgent change of regime is realized in Saudi Arabia, winning the war against terror is totally impossible. One cannot win a war without attacking the headquarters of the enemy." It was first held in 2001, but the name was used as early as 1995. Uppsala Reggae Festival attracts attendees of all ages from all over northern Europe. In connection with the 2001 festival, Uppsala was given the epithet "The Reggae Mecca of Scandinavia" by the Swedish National TV4 (TV4 (Sweden)), on the grounds that the festival then was the only festival in Scandinavia specifically dedicated to reggae. The third Uppsala Reggae Festival was awarded that year's cultural award by Swedish National Radio Broadcasting, and the fourth festival featured the largest reggae lineup ever to play in Scandinavia. Since 2002, the festival has been held in August each year in Uppsala, 70 km north of Stockholm. Both in 2004 and 2005, the festival had approximately 10,000 attendees. It started as a one-day festival, but has since expanded to two, then three days. Conversion to Islam Born as Chauncey Lamont Hawkins changed his name to '''Amir Junaid Muhadith''' after converting to Islam. He recently traveled to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest site of Islam, http: www.youtube.com watch?v jZFueqQnops to perform Umrah. He has since ended his career from rap, and right now is focusing on seeking knowledge and giving Da'wa. On May 26, 2010, he traveled to Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada and spoke about his life and why he converted to Islam . http: www.youtube.com watch?v qhLWOXKlHys On November 22, 2011, he was arrested when he arrived in the Brussels Airport and sent to jail in Vorst. The Belgian Police said he will extradited to the US because of a crime he might have committed in the US before his conversion to Islam. http: www.rtl.be info belgique faitsdivers 839401 le-rappeur-americain-loon-incarcere-a-la-prison-de-forest In 622, the Islamic prophet Muhammad arrived at Yathrib from Mecca and reportedly established a compact (Constitution of Medina) between the conflicting parties. Alford Welch, ''Encyclopaedia of Islam'', "Muhammad". While the city found itself at war with Muhammad's native Meccan tribe of the Quraysh (Quraysh (tribe)), tensions between the growing numbers of Muslims and the Jewish communities mounted. Account of the king of Himyar Ibn Ishaq tells of a conflict between the last Yemenite King of Himyar Muslim sources usually referred to Himyar kings by the dynastic title of "Tubba". and the residents of Yathrib. When the king was passing by the oasis, the residents killed his son, and the Yemenite ruler threatened to exterminate the people and cut down the palms. According to Ibn Ishaq, he was stopped from doing so by two rabbis from the Banu Qurayza, who implored the king to spare the oasis because it was the place "to which a prophet of the Quraysh (Quraysh (tribe)) would migrate in time to come, and it would be his home and resting-place". The Yemenite king thus did not destroy the town and converted to Judaism. He took the rabbis with him, and in Mecca, they reportedly recognized Kaaba as a temple built by Abraham and advised the king "to do what the people of Mecca did: to circumambulate the temple, to venerate and honor it, to shave his head and to behave with all humility until he had left its precincts." On approaching Yemen, tells Ibn Ishaq, the rabbis demonstrated to the local people a miracle by coming out of a fire unscathed and the Yemenites accepted Judaism. Peters, ''Muhammad and the Origins of Islam'', p. 49f. Protection The Saudi Government has not improved its efforts to protect victims of trafficking but continues to operate three shelters (Women's shelter) for abused female expatriate workers in Riyadh, Jeddah, and Dammam. It also operates facilities for abandoned children, including trafficking victims, in Jeddah, Mecca, and Medina. However, the government does not provide shelter to adult male workers. There are no NGOs (Non-governmental organization) working with trafficking victims. The government mediates disputes and alleged abuses of foreign workers — including complaints of a criminal nature — and seeks to return victims to their home countries without adequately investigating and prosecuting crimes committed against them. Wolfe's first works on Islam were a pair of books from Grove Press on the pilgrimage to Mecca: ''The Hadj'' (1993), http: www.groveatlantic.com a first-person travel account, and ''One Thousand Roads to Mecca'' (1997), an anthology of 10 centuries of travelers writing about the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Shortly after 11 September 2001 (September 11 attacks), he edited a collection of essays by American Muslims (Islam in the United States) called ''Taking Back Islam: American Muslims Reclaim Their Faith''. http: www.rodalestore.com webapp wcs stores servlet ProductDisplay?catalogId 10002&storeId 10051&productId 14942&langId -1&nav_wt search ''Taking Back Islam'' won the 2003 annual Wilbur Award for "Best Book of the year on a Religious Theme". http: 220.127.116.11 search?q cache:L--iG-xEI_IJ:www.zaytuna.org seasonsjournal writer.cfm%3Fauthor_id%3D37+Wilbur+Award+%2B+Michael+Wolfe&hl en&ct clnk&cd 7&gl us&client firefox-a In 2010, Blue Press Books published a chapbook of poems by Wolfe entitled ''Paradise: Reading Notes''. He recently completed a fourth volume of poetry, entitled '' Digging Up Russia: Selected Poems, 1968-2010''. He left his hometown to travel the Islamic world (Muslim world) visiting Iraq, Makkah (Mecca), the Levant and Egypt. He studied under Abū Bakr ibn Abī Shaybah (through whom came over a quarter of ''al-Sunan''), Muḥammad ibn ʻAbdillāh ibn Numayr, Jubārah ibn al-Mughallis, Ibrāhīm ibn al-Mundhir al-Ḥizāmī, ʻAbdullāh ibn Muʻāwiyah, Hishām ibn ʻAmmār, Muḥammad ibn Rumḥ, Dāwūd ibn Rashīd and others from their era. Abū Yaʻlā al-Khalīlī praised Ibn Mājah as "reliable (''thiqah''), prominent, agreed upon, a religious authority, possessing knowledge and the capability to memorize."
, Turkmenistan * References *
0-7835-5465-6 ref iw year 1999 author the editors of Time-Life Books. * Further reading ;Published in the 19th century *
title Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah & Meccah — Volume 1 url http: www.gutenberg.org etext 4657 format Text file accessdate 2008-10-22 edition Memorial series 2 volume 1 publisher Tylston and Edwards year 1855 *
United States year 2010 Usually opposite the entrance to the prayer hall is the ''qiblah (Qibla)'' wall, the visually emphasized area inside the prayer hall. The qiblah wall should, in a properly oriented mosque, be set perpendicular to a line leading to Mecca, the location of the ''Kaaba''.
as a "Gift from the Hijaz" to his countrymen. Usually opposite the entrance to the prayer hall is the ''qibla wall'', which is the visually emphasized area inside the prayer hall. The ''qibla'' wall is normally set perpendicular to a line leading to Mecca. Congregants pray in rows parallel
Muhammad's chief opponent, Amr ibn Hishām. For the early Muslims, the battle was extremely significant because it was the first sign that they might eventually overcome their enemies in Mecca, one of the richest and most powerful pagan (Paganism) cities in pre-Islamic Arabia. ('''more... (Battle of Badr)''') thumb left 205px Al-Aqsa Mosque (Image:Al aqsa moschee 2.jpg) Jerusalem is considered a sacred site in Sunni Islamic tradition, along with Mecca and Medina. Islamic tradition holds that previous prophets were associated with the city, and that the Islamic prophet Muhammad visited the city on a nocturnal journey. Due to such significance it was the first Qibla (direction of prayer) for Muslims and the prophet Muhammad designated the Al-Aqsa for pilgrimage. coordinates_display title location Mecca, Saudi Arabia spire
on the pilgrimage to Mecca: ''The Hadj'' (1993), http: www.groveatlantic.com a first-person travel account, and ''One Thousand Roads to Mecca'' (1997), an anthology of 10 centuries of travelers writing about the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Shortly after 11 September 2001 (September 11 attacks), he edited a collection of essays by American Muslims (Islam in the United States) called ''Taking Back Islam: American Muslims Reclaim Their Faith''. http
time periods. However, during the 16th and 17th centuries, Cairo
he participated in the ''International Conference on "Current Situation in the Gulf"'' and at this conference, he made his opposition to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait a matter of public record. Al-Islam Unity & Leadership, The Sense Maker, 1991, page 162-169 On September 23, 1990 he spoke at the 2nd General Assembly of the Continental Council of Masajid of North America. Worst Oppression Is False Worship "The Key Is Tauheed-Oneness of Allah
, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1991 Also in 1990 W. Deen Mohammed along with Muhammad Ali supported and endorsed Neil Hartigan for Governor of Illinois. Al-Islam Unity & Leadership, The Sense Maker, 1991, page 90 The airport is one of the nine principal locations in Indonesia used by Muslims on their pilgrimage to Mecca, the "Hajj". From 1996 to 1997, the airport served over 4,500 East Kalimantan pilgrims, and from
'''Mecca''' Rarely, Bakkah. ( above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ''hajj'' ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of ''Dhu al-Hijjah''.
As the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation (revelation) of the Quran (specifically, a Hira cave