means "the City of the Prophet." See Hijra (Islam). In 2000, Houellebecq published the short fiction ''Lanzarote (Lanzarote (novel))'' (published in France with a volume of his photographs), in which he develops a number of the themes he would explore in later novels, including fringe religions and cult leaders. His subsequent novel, ''Plateforme (Platform (novel))'' (2001), earned him a wider reputation. It is a romance told mostly in the first-person by a 40 year-old male
al-Ḥiǧāz '', literally "the barrier") is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. Defined primarily by its western border on the Red Sea, it extends from Haql on the Gulf of Aqaba to Jizan. Its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better known for the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina. As the site of Islam's holy places the Hejaz has significance in the Arab and Islamic historical and political landscape. The region is so
filming in Mecca but Warner Bros. initially refused to put up the money for location shooting. New Jersey was considered for filming the Mecca segments. In the end, Lee got money and permission together for filming in Mecca. The 1979 Revolution (Iranian Revolution) in Iran radically transformed the political landscape in the Middle East, as the hereditary monarchy of the Shah of Iran (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi) was deposed in favor of a Shi'a theocracy. In the same year, anti-monarchist dissidents in Saudi Arabia seized the Grand Mosque (Grand Mosque Seizure) in Mecca, and accused the Saudi royal family of being insufficiently Islamic and so unfit to rule the Kingdom. Fearing that the 1979 Revolution in Iran could lead to similar Islamic upheaval in Saudi Arabia, Fahd spent considerable sums after ascending the throne in 1982 to support Saddam Hussein's Iraq in its war with Iran. Obituary: King Fahd, ''BBC News'', 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008. He also changed his royal title to "custodian of the two holy mosques" (Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques), and took steps to support the conservative Saudi religious establishment, including spending millions of dollars on religious education, further distancing himself from his inconvenient past. Wood, Paul. Life and legacy of King Fahd, ''BBC News'', 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008. Representation of some genuine experience Even in that part of the book which might be supposed to represent some genuine experience there are the plainest traces that another work has been made use of, more or less - we might almost say as a framework to fill up. This is the itinerary of the German knight Wilhelm von Boldensele, written in 1336 at the desire of Cardinal Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord (Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, Bishop of Auxerre). A cursory comparison of this with Mandeville leaves no doubt that the latter has followed its thread, though digressing on every side, and too often eliminating the singular good sense of the German traveller. We may indicate as examples Boidensele's account of Cyprus, of Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) and the coast of Palestine, of the journey from Gaza to Egypt, passages about Babylon of Egypt (Babylon Fortress), about Mecca, the general account of Egypt, the pyramids (Giza pyramid complex), some of the wonders of Cairo, such as the slave-market, the chicken-hatching stoves, and the apples of paradise, i.e. plantains, the Red Sea, the convent on Sinai (Sinai Peninsula), the account of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, etc. * 620: Muhammad's night journey (Isra and Mi'raj to Jerusalem (Islamic sources) * 624: Jerusalem loses its place as the Qibla (focal point for Muslim prayers) to Mecca, 18 months after the Hijra (Hijra (Islam)) (Muhammad's migration to Medina) * c.625: According to Sahih al-Bukhari, Muhammad ordained the Al-Aqsa Mosque as one of the three holy mosques of Islam Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 21, Number 281: "Do not set out on a journey except for three Mosques i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Mosque of Allah's Apostle, and the Mosque of Al-Aqsa, (Mosque of Jerusalem)." * Embattled energy tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky has quit as CEO of Yukos. War on Terrorism : Saudi Arabian authorities have broken up, for the second time, a militant ring in Mecca amid a wide crackdown on Islamic extremists (Islamism). The police combated militants in the streets of the holy city of Mecca, killing two of the suspects and uncovering a large cache of weapons. The raid on two buildings in Mecca's al-Share'a neighborhood foiled a terrorist (terrorism) operation "that did not respect the sanctity of holy places and the month of Ramadan". Paul Bremer says that attacks on coalition forces in Iraq will get worse unless intelligence improves; he says several hundred terrorists have entered Iraq from neighbouring countries. Security officials in Saudi Arabia order 4600 extra troops into Mecca to provide increased security during Ramadan, saying that additional attacks could occur at any moment. Questions surround Yasser Arafat after further allegations about money moved out of the West Bank to secret bank accounts. highly publicized cases of deadly panic occurred during massive public events. The layout of Mecca was extensively redesigned by Saudi authorities in an attempt to eliminate frequent stampedes, which kill an average of 250 pilgrims every year.
into a mosque, as evidenced by the mihrab in the direction of Mecca and an Arabic (Arabic language) inscription prohibiting public prayer at the site. Christians were not allowed to return until the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. ''Lentera Timur'' (2008) On 26 December 2008, was the release date of her 13th album, ''Lentera Timur'', her most recent traditional contemporary album, Irama Malaysia (Traditional music) (her fourth Ethnic Creative album) since her
was on his way to Mecca. Few of his relics are retained here. During the period of Muslim invasion, the Khudabadi Sonara Community and other Hindus who had not converted to Islam under the Ghaznavids moved to Vegh Kot and Lakhpat (in Kutch) around 1028 AD, to avoid genocide at the hands of the invading muslims and to live peacefully under Hindu Samma rulers. Lakhpat Gurudwara Sahib An attraction is the Lakhpat Gurudwara Sahib, religious place for the Sikhs. Guru Nanak on his way to Mecca for Haj stayed over here and even today Guru Nanakji's footwear and the palkhi are worshiped by the Udasi Sect. The Gurudwara is declared a protected monument by the Archeological Department and has won the UNESCO award for restoration after the earthquake. Unfortunately, a concrete enclosure has engulfed the rather pristine place. The hospitality offered is very warm. BOTTOMLINE - THE AWARD COMES AS A GIFT FOR LOCAL RESIDENTS, NONE OF THEM SIKH, WHO PARTICIPATED IN THE RESTORATION PROJECT. Stone by stone, they restored gurudwara to bag UNESCO award; by Rupam Jain Nair; September 09, 2004; The Indian Express A gurdwara in no man's land; With Sunil Raghu in Lakhpat; Jan 03, 2006; CNN-IBN Google Book Review: History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1469-1606 C.E; By Surjit Singh Gandhi; Published by Atlantic Publishers and Distributors (P) Ltd.; ISBN 978-81-269-0859-2 Gurudwara Pehli Patshahi (Lakhpat); Gateway to Sikhism. Also posted at A year of cycling across India to save youth from drugs; 31st January, 2009; IANS; Bombay News.Net. Also posyed at Hajj of Malcolm X had a huge influence on his life. After seeing Muslims of all races and shades praying at Mecca, he moderated his views toward those of racial unity and was influenced to take up a more traditional form of faith, moving further away from the Nation of Islam, which he increasingly viewed as illegitimate. I'm not sure of your nationality, but if you are American, you and every other American should read The Autobiography of Malcolm X. For other Muslisms, the experience is probably a bit less revolutionary, but it's still definitely an event that they plan for all of their lives. Have you given our Hajj article a perusal yet? Garrett Albright (User:Garrett Albright) 16:24, 30 October 2005 (UTC)
, Turkmenistan * References *
0-7835-5465-6 ref iw year 1999 author the editors of Time-Life Books. * Further reading ;Published in the 19th century *
traditional genre. Siti also worked with renowned composers like M. Nasir and Indonesia's Katon Bagaskara. Nine out of 13 songs (which all
; and new structures within the Citadel, which was now surrounded by groves of shrubs and flowers from Syria. The revenues were also largely devoted to the beautifying of Mecca, and increasing the supply of water at the Holy shrines and on the Pilgrim routes. But what surpassed all else was the brilliancy of the Court of him who but yesterday had been purchased from the Slave-dealer. It was maintained in the utmost luxury and pomp of equipage, stud, and all surroundings. Fine
gold was used, not merely at the royal table, but throughout the Palace down (we are told) to the very kitchen. The Sultan's own dress and toilet were adorned with all that was costly, grand and beautiful; while poets, singers, musicians and story-tellers flocked to the Court, and flourished on the portions of the orphan and the poor. There is not much of importance to tell of the earlier years of this reign. The outrages of the royal Mamluks must have become intolerable, for twice while
Raya Aidiladha ) (known in Arabic (Arabic language) as Eid ul-Adha) Eid al-Adha is celebrated annually on the 10th day of the month of Dzulhijjah (Dhu al-Hijjah) since 1418 (1998) Hijjriyah (Islamic calendar) of the lunar Islamic calendar. Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat at 08:30 local time (Time in Malaysia) early morning breakfast based in Kuala
; Oak and his followers also claim that between the ages of 13 and 30 Jesus went to India to learn from Vedic and Hindu sages about the "way of Krishna" Oak and his followers state Jesus taught Krishna-netti (supposedly the ethics or the way of Krishna) and that this original teaching was then supposedly later corrupted and became the religion of Christianity that again supposedly deviated from its alleged "Vedic roots" when Emperor Constantine I killed the supposed "Vedic Pope" (when Oak claims the Papacy was originally a Vedic Priesthood in what Oak also claimed as "Vatika") and replaced him. Al-Rajhi grew up in the Nejd desert where he and his brother Saleh began their business by changing money for pilgrims taking camel caravan (Convoy)s across the desert to the cities of Mecca and Medina. Some of the tales of Amazons describe them as having dark skin. In Africa, King Musa I of Mali was protected by black female royal guards on his famous and influential hajj to Mecca in 1332. Johann Schiltberger wrote in 1440 about a group of non-Caucasian Tatar Amazons, Mongol giantesses led by a vengeful princess. Polk, 1995, p. 126 Columbus returned to Spain with the story of an island in the Lesser Antilles called "Matinino" (perhaps modern Martinique Haase, 1994, p. 555 ) that was inhabited only by women, a tale told to him by many of the natives of the West Indies. Columbus did not call the Matinino women "Amazons", but the comparison was drawn by his contemporaries.
'''Mecca''' Rarely, Bakkah. ( above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ''hajj'' ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of ''Dhu al-Hijjah''.
As the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation (revelation) of the Quran (specifically, a Hira cave