baraguays, etymologies, description of the land, what the economy is based on, and features like schools, churches, fish sanctuaries etc, all of which are interesting and none of which require maintainance. Kappa (User:Kappa) 13:59, 17 October 2005 (UTC) *** My point is that there is no centralized database from which to get all of those information. '''The Rambot method''' will not help. The only information you can get for a rambot to play with is: population, number of households
in the afternoon of April 9, the troops set out for Santa Cruz in a long skirmish line, advancing through driving rain. At 5:45 p.m., the right flank encountered a defense complex of entrenchments and bamboo obstructions, through which they advanced slowly against resistance. After darkness fell, the troops camped in the fields. . Results and aftermath Overall, the results of the Santa Cruz expedition amounted to the capture of six launches
Syracuse Grand Prix in 1953, and took part in many other non-Championship Formula One races. WikiPedia:Manila Commons:Category:Manila Dmoz:Regional Asia Philippines Regions National Capital Region City of Manila
, the National Capital Region (Capital region), whose overall population is around 12 million. The city of Manila is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north; Quezon City and San Juan (San Juan, Metro Manila) to the northeast; Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south. It has a total population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census ref name "2010 census">
title Capital of the Philippines before Malolos after Quezon City years 1901–1948 Geographic
namely City of Manila, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Pasay, Pasig, Parañaque, Quezon City, San Juan (San Juan, Metro Manila), Taguig, Valenzuela (Valenzuela, Philippines) and the Municipality of Pateros (Pateros, Metro Manila). The Pasig River bisects the isthmus and links the two bodies of water. From Laguna de Bay, it enters Taguig, and flows east-west through Pateros
to the regime. However, only after decades of resistance, did the non-violent People Power Revolution (Predecessor of the peaceful-revolutions that fell the iron-curtain in Europe), finally ousted the Authoritarian Marcos from power. In 1992, Alfredo Lim was elected mayor, the first Chinese-Filipino to hold
makes Manila capital of the Philippines. * Spanish silver mines open in Latin America; thus begins the great silver flow that links the New and Old Worlds. WikiPedia:Manila Commons:Category:Manila Dmoz:Regional Asia Philippines Regions National Capital Region City of Manila
; - Philippines Manila Quezon City (both Manila and Quezon City are parts of the National Capital Region (Metro Manila)) - thumb Early 1 yen banknote (File:Early one yen banknote front and reverse.jpg), obverse and reverse. In the 19th century silver Spanish dollar coins were common throughout
, or beef & shrimp. **'''Siopao''' - steamed pork bun with stuffings such as asado, bola bola, or egg, or combination. *'''Deep Fried – Batter Added ''' **'''Kwek Kwek''' and '''Tokneneng''' – boiled egg (duck, chicken or quail) covered in an orangey batter and deep fried in hot oil. Usually dipped in vinegar with onions, chili peppers and garlic. **'''Ukoy''' - shrimp, mung sprouts, carrots or any veggie thrown in formed into flat pattie with a batter and deep fried. *'''Sushi Rolls
''' *'''Plantains''' **'''Boiled Saba''' – Philippine plantain, boiled. **'''Banana Cue Q''' – Philippine plantain fried in hot oil coated with caramelized brown sugar and served on a barbecue stick like a barbecue. **'''Maruya''' – deep fried plantain slices held together by a batter. **'''Turon''' – sweet spring rolled plantain with a slice of jackfruit flesh and brown sugar, deep fried. *'''Root Crops''' **'''Camote Cue Q''' – sweet potato served the same way as banana cue q. **'''Kalingking''' - sweet potato cut french fries style, a handful are held together in batter and deep fried. *'''Fresh Fruits''' **'''Watermelon''' - sliced. **'''Singkamas''' – sliced jicama topped with fermented shrimp. **'''Pinya''' – sliced pineapple on stick. **'''Mangga''' – sliced crunchy mangoes topped with salt or fermented shrimp. **'''Lanzones''' **'''Santol''' **'''Guapple''' - giant guava the size of a big apple, sprinkled with salt, very crunchy. *'''Pancakes''' **'''Pancake''' – simply slattered in margarine. **'''Japanese Pancake''' – with variation filling. **'''Crepe''' –with variation in fillings. **'''Waffle'''– with variation in fillings. *'''Native Cakes''' **'''Puto Bungbong''' – exact Philippine version of the Puto Bambu sold at Pasar Seni in Kuala Lumpur and where "white" tourists are going gaga. Here, the mixture of grounded rice and sugar is steamed over a real bamboo over claypot heated by charcoal and not by industrial stove. Sold especially during the 9 days of "Misa de Gallo" a very long time tradition of early morning mass prelude to the eave of Christmas. **'''Nilupak''' – a steady fixture along the streets abutting markets, this local pudding variety is made from sweetened pounded root crop tuber and formed in a style of mashed potato but with drier and stickier consistency. **'''Bico''' **'''Puto''' **'''Kalamay''' **'''Bibingka''' **'''Palitaw''' - made out of glutinous rice that is ground to a paste, then formed to a thin oblong patty. This is dunked in boiling water until it rises, hence the name ''palitaw'' (to float or rise). Then it is rolled in grated coconut and then topped with a mixture of white sugar and roasted sesame seeds. **'''Kuchinta''' **'''Pichi Pichi''' - gelatinous cassava patties rolled in grated coconut. **'''Espasol''' **'''Ube''' **'''Ube Halaya''' **'''Sapin Sapin''' **'''Suman''' - glutinous sweet boiled and flavored rice or grated and boiled cassava wrapped in leaf. Can be sweetened or unsweetened and dipped in sugar or a coconut jam sauce. *'''Asian Inspired Cakes''' **'''Mochi''' **'''Buchi''' **'''Peanut Ampao''' **'''Tikoy''' **'''Hopia''' *'''Bread & Pastries''' **'''Donut''' - plain fried ones sprinkled with sugar. **'''Pan de Coco''' - a small bun filled with coconut gratings sweetened over a low heat. **'''Ensaymada''' - a lighter and fluffier bun topped grated cheese and an icing mixture of butter and sugar **'''Empanada''' - fried puff pastry with variation in sweet and savory fillings. *'''Fusion''' **'''Putopao''' - another Philippine product of fusion ingenuity, the common Chinese pao or bao or steamed meat bun has its dough substituted by steamed rice cake instead. *'''Beverage''' or '''Palamig''' **'''Gulaman''' - refreshing drink made from brown sugar syrup and water, made heavier by adding colorful squiggly pieces of jelly from agar agar sometimes mixed with evaporated milk. **'''Sago''' - brown sugar syrup mixed on iced water with tapioca balls. **'''Mix''' - Gulaman & sago. **'''Buko Juice''' - coconut juice and shredgings. **'''Melon Juice''' - grated melon and it's natural juice mixed in water, sugar, and evaporated milk. *'''Creamed Palamig''' **'''Buko Macapuno Cream''' - young sport coconut shredded grated with very diluted mixture of cream and condensed milk, almost like evaporated milk, in a portable cup. **'''Buko Macapuno Pandan Cream''' - likewise, with Pandan (''screwpine'' flavor and or jelly distinguished by its green color. **'''Buko Macapuno and Nata de Coco Cream''' - likewise but added with Nata from coconut (the jelly formed from fermented coconut juice). **'''Jelly Cream''' - an all-jelly cast, including Nata de Coco. **'''Combined Macapuno & Jelly''' *'''Sorbetes Ice Cream''' Low income workers patronize them the most as they commute to their homes, often taking two-hour trips. These are noted in the open streets where they are the cheapest and these are what most bloggers and media immediately see. But there are ones that are as even cleaner as those found in Bangkok or at par with those in hawker centers in Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia, or Japan and Korea. *'''Pansit''' This is one of the ultimate selections when it comes to Filipino comfort food. This is made out of noodles that are either boiled and has a variety of toppings or are sautéed together with its savory components. This can be found (albeit rarely) in small, clear plastic bags in the streets and are usually eaten on site with a fork. It has Chinese influences. **'''Bihon Guisado''' - a sauté of garlic, onion, with boiled and shredded chicken breast or diced pork, with or without diced chicken pork liver, carrots, and cabbage Chinese cabbage, is poured with chicken stock and soy. Then rice noodles are put on the mixture and will be cooked until the stock is fully absorbed. **'''Pancit Malabon''' - can be found by some highways by the bilao (winnowing basket). It is made with thick rice noodles coated in an egg and or crab fat sauce, and topped anything desired like pork, seafood, cabbage, etc. **'''Pancit Luglug or Pancit Palabok''' Mall walkways and Food Courts offer a wide selection of Street Food menu and that is some notches less in worrying about hygiene. Expect the cost to be a little bit higher, although that would just come up to be in cents difference. For a taste of street food without the accompanying risk, try out the following establishments: *'''Balut Eggspress''' - serves balut, kwek kwek and '''one day old chicks''', which are quite literally day old chicks marinated and fried in hot oil then eaten whole including the bones. They have a stall in the MRT-3 Ayala Station. *'''Nanay Q''' - serving special pork and chicken BBQ, liempo, grilled fish and shrimps. They also serve special Pinoy dishes such as Beef Caldereta, Menudo, Pinapaitan, Gambas and Sinigang. Sisig is also their specialty. They have branches at Robinsons Pioneer and Edsa Central. You may visit for more info.. '''Carinderyas Carinderias''' sound like Spanish style cooking but there is no relation to it. It's simply a collective term for a working class type of eating stall, now with table and seats for sit-in meals, more as a hole-in-the-wall or a makeshift school canteen (some may have wheels) for the lowly construction worker, the jeepney driver, or the student low and tight on budget. The style of presenting the food (no menus but some have posted menus) is laid out on a glass-covered or open counter in pots or deep square aluminum platters (for the more classy ones) and where the customer can just scan his eyes and choose what he wants. '''Panaderyas Panaderias''' are Bakeries dispensing bread and pastries. But the line is not clear if they are a separate class of their own or as Street Food. Goldilocks Bakeshop operate as a full-time restaurant but they can have some presence in malls as food stand types. Dunkin’ Donuts or Mister Donut also establish their presence as either a shop with dining tables or as a stand-alone stall. Ambulant Food This is a special class of Street Food distinguished from the stationary ones. Vendors roam around in their carts in a certain route and a specific time, as some food that are sold are time sensitive, meaning they can only be eaten say, in the morning, or as afternoon snack. Some of their itineraries are neighborhoods, where their target clientale are pre-school or school age children, and some are office blocks, where their prime targets are lady workers. There are only a few types of these food that are mobile. *'''Taho''' - this ubiquitous mushy tofu, found in the whole Southeast Asia has this Philippine version topped with sugar syrup and tapioca balls. It's patronized by everyone, like children in the morning. *'''Mais''' - boiled corn-on-the-cob sold in the early to late afternoon. *'''Binatog''' - boiled glutinous corn topped with coconut milk, sugar, and fresh coconut gratings. *'''Bola Bola''' - fried fish balls, small hotdogs, etc... *'''Assorted Fruits''' *'''Ice Cream''' or '''Dirty Ice Cream''' - sold in folksy carts, it announces its presence with a bell that looks more like a collector's item. Flavors are as native themed as its cart - mango, carabao cheese, pandan, and yam. Breakfast Fare Breakfast in the city is described as dry - meaning not wet as in noodle and soup or porridge like what is taken in the morning in most Southeast Asian cities. More like an amalgam of the East and the West, specifically the American, Hispanic, and Malay, somehow as if McDonald's and Cuban entrees collided with Nasi Lemak to form these creations that are very catchy to begin with for they all end with "'''SILOG'''". First, these are the key words in Tagalog: '''''Si'''nangag'' for fried garlic rice and ''It'''log''''' for egg more often sunny side up and rarely scrambled. They combine to form the portmanteau "'''SILOG'''". Along with these is the main item - meat or fish plus the given mainstays - '''Set A''': lettuce-sliced tomato(s)-sliced cucumber(s), '''Set B''': carrots and peas toppings over sinangag, '''Set C''': achara or pickled unripe papaya and carrots, '''Set D''': fried garlic or shallots over sinangag, or Set E: onion rings. The main items are as follows: *'''Tapsilog''' - for tapa or cured beef jerky *'''Dasilog''' - for daing or sun-dried fish *'''Adosilog''' - for adobo (vinegar & soy sauce marinated chicken, pork or beef) *'''Hamsilog''' - for ham *'''Disilog''' - for dilis or fried smelt or anchovy *'''Cornsilog''' - for corned beef *'''Bacsilog''' - for bacon *'''Bangsilog''' - for bangus or milkfish *'''Bisteksilog''' - for beef steak *'''Dangsilog''' - for danggit or rabbitfish *'''Vicsilog''' - for vic or chinless hogfish *'''Chosilog''' - for chorizo or Spanish style sausage *'''Chiksilog''' - for fried chicken *'''Embotidosilog''' - for embotido or Philippine-style meatloaf *'''Shanghaisilog''' - for shanghai roll or Philppine-style fried srping roll *'''Hotsilog''' - for hotdog or Philippine-style bloody red hotdog *'''Longsilog''' - for longganisa or Philippine-style sausage (derived from Chinese style) *'''Tosilog''' - for tosino or sugar honey cured meat *'''Masilog''' - for 'Ma Ling' brand Chinese luncheon meat *'''SPAMsilog''' - for 'SPAM' brand luncheon meat *'''Nuggetsilog''' - for chicken nuggets *'''Porksilog''' - for chuleta or porkchop *'''Lechonsilog''' - for roasted pork *'''Liemposilog''' - for crispy pork *'''Bangusilog''' - for fried milkfish *'''Baloneysilog''' - for Bologna sausage *'''Pusitsilog''' - for fried breaded squid rings or octopus tentacles, or plain midget squids *'''Siomaisilog''' - for siomai ( a type of meat dumpling) *'''Tuyosilog''' - for sun dried mackerel *'''Isawsilog''' - for a piece of pork intestines Of course, this is assisted with hot coffee, tea, or juice and a couple of morning bread called Pan de Sal (salted bread). There are stalls or '''Carinderias Carinderyas''' that specialize in this breakfast "SILOG" fare called '''"Tapsihan"''' named for the first type of these combo ever concocted, the tapsilog. Snacks Chichireya Snacks or nibblers called '''Chichireya''' or '''Papak''' while office workers multi-task and at the same time working and chatting. Also, it is eaten on long journeys or while watching movies or simply doing school work. *'''Peanut''' - garlic-fried peanut *'''Japanese Peanut''' *'''Cornick''' - garlic-fried corn ear *'''Green Pea''' - garlic-fried green pea *'''Butong Pakwan''' - watermelon seeds *'''Champoy''' - preserved dried fruits *'''Kiamoy''' - dried plum preserved in licorice *'''Cheese Curls''' - popular junk food *'''Chippy''' - popular junk food *'''Ampao''' - poprice that's molded in blocks by sugar syrup Restaurants When it comes to dining, in a nutshell, Filipino food can be described as timid in flavor, not much creativity. Food is trained to have only one dominant flavor - either the bitterness, the sweetness, the sourness, or the saltiness is enhanced. For some reason, the ingredients used don't have that wide range like those in Malaysia, Vietnam or Thailand, its closest neighbors. Filipinos are just as happy and contented to limit their range of ingredients, a people that never had a royalty. Practically all countries that had have a monarchy developed their superior palate taste through the royal court. No particular doting attention is given no more than it fills the stomach of the ordinary hungry person. In a close comparison on a vegetable & spice market tour between the Philippines and Vietnam, the Philippine counterpart is limited. For seasoning, Filipino dishes do not digress from the daily triumvirate of garlic, onion, and tomatoes, sometimes ginger. No cinnamon, anise, or cardamom. On the herb section, only parsley, spring onion, and lemon grass are popularly known to Filipinos, while in Vietnam, there are so many kinds of herbs used in the daily diet. One glaring observation, basil is not eaten fresh, only as seasoning sold as dry as a dead leaf. As a side note, the saw-leaf herb which is an everyday ingredient in Vietnam which happened to originate in Mexico, ironically skipped the Philippines during the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade. Speaking of Acapulco, Mexicans drink tamarind as a beverage. Tamarind juice coming from the tamarind fruit, being as Asian as rice, is surpisingly absent in the Philippine beverage menu even though it is popular in Latin America and the rest of the Southeast Asian countries. However, it is used in a tamarind soup called ''sinigang'' in some areas of the city. Noodle varieties are limited to a handful. Rice wrappers for spring roll is just one type, unlike in Vietnam. Having plenty of variation and versatility for example, the Vietnamese would use rice as sesamed crackers, or Mexicans would make their corn into taco shells, or Indians would use wheat as poppadoms. Filipino food is safe to say more as a comfort food, a peasant food concocted at a time when all Filipinos were all living on agricultural-fishing existence, contented to eat simply on rice and one or two-dish meal - one dry and the other wet or soupy. Even if Filipinos have attained a higher degree of sophistication, the same ingredients are used and the same flavor is maintained. Most sit-down and casual dining restaurants in Manila would fall under the mid-range category. But there are budget ones as well. For budget dining, just follow the office workers making a beeline to building basements, canteens, or carinderias (road side stalls) during lunchbreak almost everywhere in the city and even in high class Makati area. The men usually wear short sleeved Barong Tagalog and the ladies, like bank teller attires. These are not lowly workers but they pay lunch as cheap as US$1.00 complete with a clear broth, a dish, and a cup of rice enough to energize the office worker for the rest of the day. University canteens open to the public offer student meals and have resident nutritionists too. Along Recto and Nicanor Reyes Sts., the epicenter of downtown university belt cosmos, there are dime a dozen shops that offer complete and filling budget meals as low as ₱35 or US$0.80 (80 cents). Manila as a national hub of regional cooking, has almost all its regions represented in eating establishments either exclusively or featured with the others. General restaurants, either catering for the working class or the elite, can offer varied dishes coming from every region and have assimilated in every one's palette taste. For example the northern region called Ilocos has its favorite fare called '''Pinakbet''' approved by practically everyone and has melted in every local's daily diet although it still sticks to be identified as an Ilocano fare. Regional Dishes The following are the regional dishes that have assimiliated into the restaurants, canteens, and carinderias in Manila. *'''Northern Luzon Island Region or Ilocos (Ilocano)''' - Ilocanos are know industrious and thrifty brought about by the origina people who lived in limited cultivable strip of land bounded between the sea and the Cordillera mountain range. **Pinakbet - vegetable dish seasoned with fermented fish **Papaetan - tripe seasoned with bile secretion **Dinengdeng - *'''Central Luzon Island Region (Kapampangan)''' - Pampagueños lead in the art of cooking combining the best of Spanish and Chinese legacies. **Relleno - stuffed fish or chicken **Pastel - **Cocido - **Pansit Palabok - noodle dish **They also excel in fine desserts: **Turon de Casuy **Mazapan **Leche Flan **Biscochos Borrachos *'''Central Luzon Island Region or Tagalog (Tagalog)''' - Tagalogs are generally good cooks too. **Adobo - now considered as National Dish, it's pork, beef, or chicken marinated in soy sauce and vinegar. **Sinigang - Philippines answer to Tom Yam, a meat, poultry, or seafood boiled in a variety of sour fruits (guava, ginger lily fruit, ''santol'', in many cases, tamarind,etc.). Any combination is accepted. **Dinuguan - internal organs of butchered animals and cooked with pork blood. (Note: eating animal organs was introduced by the Spaniards). **Hipong Halabos - boiled shrimp **Kari-Kari - beef parts flavored by vegetables and pounded peanut turned into sauce. **Biya with Gata - fish cooked in coconut milk. **Pangat - fish cooked without coconut milk. *'''Southern Luzon Peninsula Region or Bicol (Bicolano)''' - Bicolanos are considered the hotties because they can tolerate chili more than any Filipinos. They also like coconut milk. **Pinangat - sauteed seafood with coconut meat and hot pepper. **Tanaguktok - fish stuffed with tomatoes, onions, and hot pepper wrapped in banana leaf. **Gulay na Natong - Taro leaves cooked in coconut milk **Bicol Express - very hot meat dish *'''Western Visayas Islands Region or Iloilo (Ilongo)''' - The islands are fertile and more blessed with rain than the other Visayan islands and the waters abound with fish. Ilongos are the most creative in the Visayas when it comes to ccoking. **Pansit Molo - soup with wanton like dumplings. **Laswa - vegetables cooked in little water with fermented fish. **Linagpang - broiled fish. **Inasal - another fish cooked over charcoal. **Kadyos - vegetables with fish or meat. *'''Central Visayas Islands Region or Cebu (Cebuano)''' - Cebuanos live on these dry and barren islands and are corn eating rather than rice eating people. They have been influenced more by the Mexicans. **Corn Suman - corn desert removed from the cob and rewrapped in the husk. **Utap or Hojaldres - Cebuano biscuit. *'''Eastern Visayas Islands Region or Samar-Leyte (Waray)''' - Warays are coconut milk lovers minus the hot chili pepper. **Kinilao - raw fish in lime and vinegar. Local Snack or Ice Cream Parlors Some of the food offered by these parlors may be also be on restaurant menus (since these are categorically dessert items), those that specialize in local cuisine. But these parlors are also a separate category of their own. Goldilocks and Red Ribbon, super hygienic Americanized establishments stand out from the rest usually found in malls, and from the humble food stalls in the public markets where they originated. These two are basically bakeshops but they function as native ice cream parlors, serving more or less the following which are authentically or adaptively Filipino: *'''Ice Cream'''- mostly serving never heard flavors at least in the western world such as purple yam, avocado, carabao cheese, coconut, or pandan. *'''Sago Parfait''' - tapioca balls parfait. *'''Creamed Coconut and Pandan flavored Jellies''' *'''Almond Jellies Lychees''' - also with shaved ice. *'''Sweetened Sport Coconut Flesh''' - also with shaved ice. *'''Frozen Fruit Salad''' *'''Halo-Halo''' - the queen of Philippine Snacks Desserts, a Japanese invention of a salad of sweet beans and peas, jellies, and fruits and shaved ice found everywhere in the Far East. The Philippine version always has these ingredients - young sweetened coconut shreddings called '''Macapuno''', nipa palm nut flesh or '''Kaong''', '''Pinipig''' or toasted sweet rice, '''Ube''' or purple yam paste, '''Leche Flan''' or egg custard, and ice cream. *'''Guinomis''' - '''Pinipig''' or toasted sweet rice and sago in coconut syrup and shaved ice. *'''Mango Jam''' *'''Mais Con Yelo (Hielo)''' - iced sweet corn porridge in syrup *'''Saba Con Yelo (Hielo)''' - iced stewed plantain in syrup *'''Langka Con Yelo (Hielo)'''- fresh jackfruit in syrup *'''Mangga at Sumang Malagkit''' – Philippine version of the Thai mango and glutinous sweet rice. In this case the rice is steamed while wrapped in banana or palm leaf. *'''Banana and Young Coconut Pies''' *'''Leche Flan or Custard''' *'''Mango Pudding''' *'''Crema de Fruta''' - layered fruit cocktail cake. *'''Cashew Tart''' *'''Egg Bonbon''' *'''Silvana''' *'''Polvoron''' - some foreigners call this volcano candy because it inevitably spews the powdery concoction once the mouth is opened while chewing it, a Spanish shortbread from flour, sugar, carabao's milk, and nuts. Fast Food Even while the enlightened world hates '''McDonalds''' '''Pizza Hut''' guts, Filipinos are great lovers of its dining style and menus - hotdogs on stick, hotdogs on bun, hamburgers, or cheeseburgers, pizzas, and spaghettis. Their pictures proliferate everywhere, be it as street food or sit-in meal. Manilans also love donuts in the personification of '''Mister Donut''' which has its creations not as sweet as its American competitions. On a side note, Philippine style spaghettis are done sweeter than normal. Manila has most of the usual American fast food chains such as '''McDonald's''', '''Burger King''', '''Wendy's''', '''Pizza Hut''', '''Subway''', '''Dairy Queen''', '''Shakey's Pizza''', '''Taco Bell''', '''Dunkin Donuts''', '''TGIF''', '''Italianni's''', '''Outback''', and '''KFC'''. '''Jollibee''', the Filipino counterpart of '''McDonald's''' now ecclipsing it's once held dominant position, it is very common in Manila. It started out as a spoof spin-off of '''McDonald's''', copying its menu and business model but substituting it with local ingredients (ex. mango pie for apple pie) and taking consideration of the local palate, now has become a billion dollar peso franchise business empire. Another spin-off of this business is '''Chow King''', the same business model and packaging (styrofoams, plastics, and cardboards) but with Chinese influenced menus and has become as ubiquitous as '''Jollibee''' and '''McDonalds'''. Another spin-off to the spin-off is '''Mang Inasal''', this time the theme is country or provincial style menu with packaging this time using banana leaf and cane and bamboo baskets as plates, and claypots as serving plates catering to native food lovers. Coffeeshops such as '''Starbucks''' and '''Seattle's Best''' have also recently become quite common in malls and commercial centers. Meals could be as low as US$2 to 3 in most fast food joints. A typical burger meal with fries and a drink would fall under this range. Pulutan The Philippines has its own version of the Spanish Tapas but little is known about it outside the country even if Filipinos have invaded almost all corners of the globe, employed and even permanently residing in their host countries. Anyway, it's more or less the same kind of presentation - as a finger, toothpick, or fork food, and relevance - to accompany any alcoholic drink, mostly beer, on a social gathering between neighbors, relatives, work colleagues, peers, and clients and mostly fall under male-bonding or camaraderie social dining. It comes from the root word "'''PULUT'''" meaning "to pick up". It is always served in a communal plate or bowl with plenty of forks (if it needs to pick up the food, otherwise finger is OK) arrayed on a plate like oars on a boat. If there's a need for a dipping sauce, then a bowl is also served with it to be used communally. *'''Boiled''' **'''Mani''' - (peanuts) are often sold boiled in the shell, salted. (Note that peanut is also called Mani in Latin America.) **'''Balut''' - duck embryo. *'''Fried & Boiled''' **'''Tokwa't Baboy''' - tofu fried with boiled pork, all diced and mixed together then dipped in a garlic-flavored soy sauce or vinegar dip. *'''Deep Fried''' **'''Chicharrón''' - (also spelled chicharon or tsitsaron), pork rinds that have been salted, dried, then fried. **'''Chicharong Bituka''' - pig intestines that have been deep fried to a crisp. **'''Chicharong Bulaklak''' - similar to chicharong bituka it is made from mesenteries of pig intestines and has a bulaklak or flower appearance. **'''Chicharong Manok''' - chicken skin that has been deep fried until crisp. **'''Mani''' - (peanuts) deep fried in garlic, and may be spiced. **'''Pea''' - all varieties from chick peas to endadame (not fried), same as peanuts. **'''Kropeck''' - fish and shrimp crackers. *'''Grilled''' **'''Pusit''' - Squid **'''Octopus''' - **'''Hipon''' - Shrimp **'''Isda''' - skewered fish, all sorts. **'''Pork''' **'''Barbekyung Isaw''' - chicken or pig intestines marinated and skewered. **'''Barbekyung Tenga''' - pig ears that have been marinated and skewered. **'''Barbekyung Baboy or Pork Barbecue''' - skewered pork marinated in a usually sweet blend. **'''Lechong Manok''' - skewered piece or rotisseried whole chicken marinated in a usually sweet blend. **'''Betamax''' - salted solidified pork or chicken blood which is skewered. **'''Adidas''' - which is grilled or sautéed chicken feet. **'''Sisig'''- made from the pig's cheek skin, ears, liver, and even brains that are initially boiled, then grilled over charcoal and afterwards minced and cooked with chopped onions, chillies, and spices. Drink A very local drinking experience in Manila meant going to beer gardens or beerhouses as is commonly called. They are scattered mostly around the working districts of Sampaloc, Santa Mesa, Quiapo and even the tourist belt areas of Ermita and Malate. Every city in the metropolis has practically its own adult entertainment strip, block, or district where these establishments can be found. These are heavily sexualized. It's mostly working class men and those working in the military and police establishments who are the clientele with young sexy and provocatively dressed waitresses or euphemistically called GROs or Guest Relations Officers serving the customers. Some beer gardens take it up a level higher and have entertainment on the sides with scantily two-piece suit dancers taking turns on the stage. The kind of food served somewhat resemble the Spanish Tapas style ranging from the simple such as peanuts, corn, and peas - boiled or deep fried to mundane such as fried pork, beef, chicken to the adventurous such as other body parts - ears, gizzards, livers, hearts, intestines, brains, balls, blood, and what have you. They are categorized under the subject Pulutan. For establishments resembling the western version of a pub, these establishments are concentrated in '''Remedios Circle''' in '''Malate''' district a very important hub of nightlife, as well as in '''Bonifacio Global Village''' in '''Taguig City''', '''Tomas Morato''' in '''Kamuning''' District in '''Quezon City''', and '''Eastwood''' in '''Libis''' District, '''Quezon City'''. Bohemian Malate (Manila Malate), the older Ermita (Manila Ermita) neighborhood and the '''Baywalk''' that stretches between them contains a variety of venues serving a combination of food, comedy, alcohol, and live music. Karaoke and videoke bars are also very common as majority of Manilans are American Idol fans although one's living room can be easily converted into one. Work The workforce in Manila covers everything from daily, minimum wage earners to expats being driven in BMWs. Standard working time varies, especially with the proliferation of Call Centers, but the usual working hours are 8AM-5PM. Given that the traffic within the Manila escalates exponentially as the day begins, it's always better to leave early for meetings. There is also a local saying known as "Filipino Time" wherein it was expected that the attendee would be late by up to one hour. However, this has been significantly reduced through the years, although the bad traffic is usually (and realistically) cited as the main cause for missing one's appointment. Makati City is the country's main CBD, or Central Business District, and, on every given weekday, it seems that all roads lead here. Multinational firms and big businesses hold offices here. Ortigas Center, which cuts across the borders of Mandaluyong City, Pasig City and Quezon City, seems to be the alternative CBD, with companies such as the Asian Development Bank headquarters and the World Bank Manila office located in this vicinity. Sleep ''Check for hotel listings in the appropriate districts (#Districts)'' You can sleep in a Manila Hotel for as cheap as 500 peso per night if you wish. Don't expect many luxuries at this price though! Manila has a lot of hotels, inns and apartelles. Most of these accommodations can be found within Roxas Boulevard overlooking Manila Bay, or in the districts of Ermita and Malate. Manila's hotel accommodations are 20 to 30 minutes away from the international and domestic airport. There are many major international hotel chains which have a presence in Metro Manila. Rates are still generally cheaper here compared to the same class of hotels in western cities. A stay in these hotels however, would be considered a luxury by Philippine standards particularly since the cost is a month's income for some Filipinos. Connect Payphones are very common in the city center. The use of mobile phones is also very extensive. To use your mobile phone, it has to be at least a dualband GSM phone. Globe and Smart are the Philippine's largest mobile carriers and they invite you to use them as a roaming partner (inquire from your home carrier if they have Globe and Smart as a roaming partner). To call anywhere within Metro Manila, simply dial the 7-digit telephone number from a payphone or a landline. If you need to call anywhere else within the Philippines, dial 0 + area code + telephone number. To make an international phone call, dial 00 + country code + area code + telephone number. Internet cafes have become a common sight in Metro Manila. Most malls would have at least one internet cafe. Most internet cafes provide broadband speeds. '''Netopia''' and '''Pacific Internet''' are common chains. Netopia also has a branch at the MRT-3 Ayala Station. Cheap overseas calls can be made at Netopia branches via their VOIP service. Most coffee shops now also have WiFi services available so you can surf the net while sipping a cuppa. Airborneaccess.net and WIZ are the most common WiFi providers. Ask around if usage is free of charge, otherwise, as the case is often, you will have to buy an internet access card at the counter. Stay Safe Manila is a city where one should exercise caution. As a slum haven, Manila is one of the most blighted cities in Asia rivaling Calcutta, Bombay, and Dacca. Sufficient to say that it is not convenient to carefree wonder around as one would encounter sidewalks fringed with makeshift shanties that lead to a sudden turn into a labyrinth of squatter neighborhoods. It is very scary if not annoying encountering lolling group of male adult and teenage bystanders, although nowadays, these areas are most likely manned by village watchmen and everyone is more than willing to help and interact with lost strangers. Nuisances that impedes a pleasurable walking tour are dirty and malnourished children who freely use the streets as their playground, manholes that were left open (or probably its cover stolen to be sold as metal scrap), dog feces, uncollected garbage, undisciplined cars and mostly jeepneys weaving in and out of the lanes as they pick up passengers, as well as political billboards. A popular scam as of recent days is for someone to approach you and pretend they recognize you. They will say they work at your hotel (such as room service or security) and that they know you from there. They then say it is their day off and since they just happened to bump into you they want to show you something nice that is nearby. They may be very convincing even to experienced travelers. It is always a scam. Another popular scam is for a con artist to befriend a tourist and offer to show them around, hang out, etc. After gaining the tourist's trust, the con artist then slips drugs into the tourist's food or drinks. The con artist then leads the drugged, groggy victim to an ATM and watches while he she enters her pin. The con artist is then free to withdraw all the money from the account. Get into a car or go anywhere with people '''only if you know them''' (even of they say that have helped you at the hotel on a previous occasion). Of course, if you ask them which hotel they will not be able to answer. They are best fended off if you just ignore them. If they persist, say, "Are you going to leave me alone or should I call the police?" That makes them leave quickly. Theft is common, especially pick pocketing. You should act cautiously as you would in any other poor country, especially considering if you do not look Filipino. Thieves and scam artists are likely to see you as an easy target. However, most travelers from other Asian nations, especially from southeast Asia, should have no problem blending in with the crowd. Never wear valuable jewelry or anything else to broadcast your wealth. Displaying an expensive mobile phone or digital camera out in the open is also a good way to attract thieves. Cope Embassies and Consulates * WikiPedia:Manila Commons:Category:Manila Dmoz:Regional Asia Philippines Regions National Capital Region City of Manila
City ; on the east by Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte; and west by Lanao del Sur. It lies between parallels 7°25' and 8°38' North latitude and meridians 124°03' and 125°16' East longitude. Malaybalay City, the capital town, is about 850 kilometers by air from Manila and 91 kilometers by road from Cagayan de Oro City. '''Oriental Mindoro''' (Filipino (Filipino language): '''''Silangang Mindoro''''', "Eastern Mindoro"; Spanish language in the Philippines
. Roxas registered an overwhelming majority of votes in 34 provinces and 9 cities: Abra (Abra (province)), Agusan, Albay, Antique (Antique (province)), Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Capiz, Cavite, Cotabato, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela (Isabela (province)), Laguna (Laguna (province)), La Union, Leyte, Marinduque, Mindoro, Misamis Oriental, Negros Occidental
Ferries , Carlos A. Gothong shipping lines, and Sulpicio lines. A 45 minutes boat ride from Butuan to Magallanes navigating the Agusan River. Bachelor Express and PhilTranCo is the dominant public land transport from Manila and Tacloban passing Surigao, Cabadbaran and Butuan to Cagayan de Oro and Davao. The public mode of transportation within the municipality is by motorcabs and pedicabs. Passenger vans commonly known as V-Hire are also available for Butuan
of the ''Katipunan'' declared a nationwide armed revolution against Spain and called for a simultaneous coordinated attack on the capital Manila on August 29. Bonifacio appointed generals to lead rebel forces to Manila. Other ''Katipunan'' councils were also informed of their plans. Before hostilities erupted, Bonifacio reorganized the ''Katipunan'' into an open ''de facto'' revolutionary government, with him as President and commander-in-chief (or generalissimo ref name "alvarez"
leader_title4 City Council (Manila City Council) leader_name4 title Councilors frame_style border:none; padding: 0; list_style text-align:left;display:none; 1 '''1st District''' 2 • Ernesto M. Dionisio, Jr. 3 • Erick Ian O. Nieva 4 • Roberto D. Asilo 5 • Niño M. Dela Cruz 6 • Dennis B. Alcoreza 7 • Irma C. Alfonso-Juson 8 '''2nd District''' 9 • Rolando M. Valeriano 10 • Ruben F. Buenaventura 11 • Marlon M. Lacson 12 • Ramon M. Robles 13 • Rodolfo N. Lacsamana 14 • Numero G. Lim 15 '''3rd District''' 16 • John Marvin C. Nieto (''Yul Servo'') 17 • Ma. Asuncion G. Fugoso 18 • Joel R. Chua 19 • Bernardito C. Ang 20 • Ernesto C. Isip, Jr. 21 • Manuel M. Zarcal 22 '''4th District''' 23 • Science A. Reyes 24 • Edward V.P. Maceda 25 • Don Juan "DJ" A. Bagatsing 26 • Jocelyn J. Quintos 27 • Antonio Archimedes Matias G. Capistrano 28 • Arlene L. Chua 29 '''5th District''' 30 • Arnold "Ali" I. Atienza 31 • Joey S. Hizon III 32 • Josefina A. Siscar 33 • Raymundo R. Yupangco 34 • Cristina A. Isip 35 • Roberto R. Ortega, Jr. 36 '''6th District''' 37 • Priscilla Marie T. Abante 38 • Casimiro C. Sison 39 • Elizabeth Z. Rivera 40 • Joel M. Par 41 • Leilani Marie H. Lacuna 42 • Christian Paul L. Uy 43 '''Liga ng mga Barangay President (Liga ng mga Barangay)''' 44 Salvador H. Lacuna established_title Bruneian Empire established_date 7th century established_title1 Kingdom of Maynila established_date1 1500s established_title2 Spanish City of Manila (Intramuros) established_date2 June 24, 1571 area_magnitude total_type City area_footnotes area_total_km2 38.55 area_land_km2 24.98 area_water_km2 area_water_percent area_urban_km2 1474.82 area_metro_km2 638.55 population_as_of 2010 population_footnotes population_note population_total 1652171 population_density_km2 42858 population_metro 11855975 population_density_metro_km2 18567 population_urban 22710000 population_density_urban_km2 15400 population_demonym Manileño (m) Manileña (f), Manilan timezone PST (Philippine Standard Time) utc_offset +8 timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 14 latm 35 latNS N longd 120 longm 58 longEW E elevation_footnotes elevation_m 16.0 postal_code_type ZIP code (List of ZIP codes in the Philippines) postal_code 0900 to 1096 area_code_type Area code (Telephone numbers in the Philippines) area_code blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website footnotes
'''Manila''' (Philippine English: ) is the capital (Capital city) and second largest city (list of cities in the Philippines) of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities (Cities of the Philippines) which, along with the municipality (Municipalities of the Philippines) of Pateros (Pateros, Metro Manila), make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region (Capital region), whose overall population is around 12 million.
The city of Manila is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is bordered by the cities of Navotas and Caloocan to the north; Quezon City and San Juan (San Juan, Metro Manila) to the northeast; Mandaluyong to the east; Makati to the southeast, and Pasay to the south. It has a total population of 1,652,171 according to the 2010 census
Manila (and more broadly, Metro Manila) is the economic and political capital of the Philippines, home to extensive commerce and some of the most historically and culturally significant landmarks in the country, as well as the seat (Seat of government) of the executive (Malacañan Palace) and judicial branches (Supreme Court of the Philippines) of the government (Politics of the Philippines). Manila was listed as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network in 2012. Manila is also the host to the Embassy of the United States (Embassy of the United States, Manila) and the Holy See Embassy (Apostolic Nunciature) (Holy See–Philippines relations).
Manila has many scientific and educational institutions, numerous sport facilities, and other culturally and historically significant venues. The city is politically divided into six legislative districts (Legislative districts of Manila) and consists of sixteen places: Binondo (Binondo, Manila), Ermita (Ermita, Manila), Intramuros, Malate (Malate, Manila), Paco (Paco, Manila), Pandacan (Pandacan, Manila), Port Area (Port of Manila), Quiapo (Quiapo, Manila), Sampaloc (Sampaloc, Manila), San Andrés (San Andres, Manila), San Miguel (San Miguel, Manila), San Nicolas (San Nicolas, Manila), Santa Ana (Santa Ana, Manila), Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz, Manila), Santa Mesa (Santa Mesa, Manila) and Tondo (Tondo, Manila). These places are towns and communities absorbed by Manila the 19th Century.
The earliest written account of the city is the 10th-century Laguna Copperplate Inscription which describes a Malay kingdom (Kingdom of Maynila) in what is now Manila maintaining diplomatic relations with the Indianized Kingdom of Medang (Medang Kingdom) in modern-day Java. The city had preferential trade with Ming Dynasty China, which registered the place as "東都" (''Dongdu (Kingdom of Tondo)''). Volume 5 of 東西洋考 (A study of the Eastern and Western Oceans) mentions that Luzon first sent tribute to Yongle Emperor in 1406 It then became a province of the Maharajanate of Majapahit and was called by its Sanskrit title, "षेलुरोन्ग्" (''Selurong'') or simply Maynilà (Kingdom of Maynila), shortened from the Arabic nickname for Selurong, امان الله (Amanillah) meaning, "Security of God" or from the word "Maynilad", a native Tagalog term indicating the presence of Nilad flowers. Abuaisha (2008)Manila – Amānillāh (امان الله) Islamic Philippines.
By the 15th century, it was nominally Islamized until the Spanish Conquistadors arrived via Mexico. They renamed the area ''Nuevo Reino de Castilla'' (New Kingdom of Castille) and shortened the nickname, Maynilà to Manila and using it as the official name.
Manila eventually became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East (Spanish East Indies) and one end of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon trade route linking Europe, Latin America and Asia. Guevarra, Rudy P. (2007). ''Mexipino: A history of multiethnic identity and the formation of the Mexican and Filipino communities of San Diego, 1900–1965''. University of California, Santa Barbara. ISBN 0549122869 The city would eventually be given the moniker of the "Pearl of the Orient", as a result of its central location in the vital Pacific sea trade routes. Several Chinese insurrections, local revolts, a British Occupation (British Occupation of the Philippines) and a Sepoy mutiny and development only to have most of those improvements lost in the devastation of World War II. White, Matthew. "Death Tolls for the Man-made Megadeaths of the 20th Century". Retrieved 1 August 2007. Since then the city has been rebuilt and has rapidly grown.