Malinalco

What is Malinalco known for?


main building

"A-G-64" where the Aztecs built a garrison to keep the rebellious Chontal (Tequistlatecan)es in line, in Quauhquechollan (modern day Huauquechula) near Atlixco where the Aztecs built a garrison in order to always have forces close to their traditional enemies the Tlaxcalteca (Tlaxcala (Nahua state)), Chololteca (Cholula) and Huexotzinca, and in Malinalco near Toluca. The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca, Mazahua and Otomi (Otomi people)es and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides. The area was first settled between 1800 an 1300 BC with remains found around the hills of Nixcongo, Exhacienda de Monte de Pozo and Tepoxtepec showing Olmec influence. During the Pre-classic and Classic periods (Mesoamerica) the area was dominated by the Tarascan. During the Aztec invasion of the area, the Tenancingo chief Tezozomoctli, collaborated with Axayacatl to subdue the rival chief Chicaquiauh of Malinalco and to conquer Calpulli de Coapipitzoatepec (Xochiaca). In return, he remained an independent chieftain within the Aztec Empire. In 1535, after the Conquest, the area was given to Juan Salcedo. In 1537, the Augustinians evangelized the area and built a hermitage here. The modern town of Tenancingo was founded by the Spanish in 1551 near the older native settlements at the base of the Hill of Las Tres Marías (The Three Marias). In 1771, the Carmelites built a monastery here. In 1861, the village gained town status, and in1878, Tenancingo was recognized as a city. Malinalco, Valle, Tlalpujahua, Xonotla, Otumba, Aculco de Espinoza, Lerma, Tonatico, Luvianos, Tarimoro, Guanajuato, Tambopata - Candamo, Donato Guerra, Angangeo, Huixquilucan, Tlatlaya, Jiquipilco, Juchitepec


contemporary arts

The '''Casa de Cultura or Cultural Center''' is located in the center of town in front of the Municipal Palace. It is decorated with replicas of the murals found at the archeological zone and old photographs of native cultures. It also hosts dances, expositions and other cultural events. The '''Tlakuikani Gallery''' hosts expositions of contemporary arts done by artists from Malinalco and other parts of the State of Mexico. This gallery is located in the Barrio de Santa Maria Norte and specializes in the exposition and sale of oil paintings and wood carvings. thumb Chapel of San Pedro (File:Capilla de San Pedro Siglo XVI Malinalco.jpg) Outside of the center of town, there are many small barrios or neighborhoods, each having its own chapel. Most of these chapels were built between the 16th and the 17th centuries and many of these, such as those of '''Santa Maria''', '''San Martin''', '''San Guillermo''', '''San Pedro''', '''San Andres''' and '''La Soledad''' are considered to be works of art. For example, the chapel of San Juan has reliefs of Augustinian monks and the head of the encomendero of Malinalco, Cristobàl Romero. All of the chapels in the town face west with the exception of the Chapel of Santa Mónica. This one is dedicated to the mother of the founder of the order and faces the convent. Each one is unique in some way, and each has its own feast day. Most of these are located south of the town center following Benito Juarez Street out of town. Chapels here include those of Santa María, San Martín, San Guillermo, San Pedro, San Andrés and the Virgin of Soledad. One to the north is the Chapel of San Juan, which has reliefs of Augustine friar Cristobal Romero. To the west is the Chapel of Santa Mónica, which has been quite altered in the last two centuries. At la '''Casa Mia''', handcrafts, particularly alebrijes are for sale. The municipality As municipal seat, the town of Malinalco is the governing authority over 54 other named communities, where the Aztecs built a garrison to keep the rebellious Chontal (Tequistlatecan)es in line, in Quauhquechollan (modern day Huauquechula) near Atlixco where the Aztecs built a garrison in order to always have forces close to their traditional enemies the Tlaxcalteca (Tlaxcala (Nahua state)), Chololteca (Cholula) and Huexotzinca, and in Malinalco near Toluca. The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca, Mazahua and Otomi (Otomi people)es and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides. The area was first settled between 1800 an 1300 BC with remains found around the hills of Nixcongo, Exhacienda de Monte de Pozo and Tepoxtepec showing Olmec influence. During the Pre-classic and Classic periods (Mesoamerica) the area was dominated by the Tarascan. During the Aztec invasion of the area, the Tenancingo chief Tezozomoctli, collaborated with Axayacatl to subdue the rival chief Chicaquiauh of Malinalco and to conquer Calpulli de Coapipitzoatepec (Xochiaca). In return, he remained an independent chieftain within the Aztec Empire. In 1535, after the Conquest, the area was given to Juan Salcedo. In 1537, the Augustinians evangelized the area and built a hermitage here. The modern town of Tenancingo was founded by the Spanish in 1551 near the older native settlements at the base of the Hill of Las Tres Marías (The Three Marias). In 1771, the Carmelites built a monastery here. In 1861, the village gained town status, and in1878, Tenancingo was recognized as a city. Malinalco, Valle, Tlalpujahua, Xonotla, Otumba, Aculco de Espinoza, Lerma, Tonatico, Luvianos, Tarimoro, Guanajuato, Tambopata - Candamo, Donato Guerra, Angangeo, Huixquilucan, Tlatlaya, Jiquipilco, Juchitepec


research projects

this is not more than myths san. To see, touch, smell and even taste their insects, fish, turtles, plants, snakes, spiders and fungi is very convenient to visit the Living Museum "The Malinalco Bugs" and the turtle camp Mali-Xanat; The cost of entry these places helps fund conservation and research projects. References External links * Archaeological Site Map


huge variety

a huge variety of flora and fauna, which is in fact one of its main attractions being an beating heart of everything else. In this area live in dozens of mammals such as civet, armadillos, foxes, coyotes, squirrels and deer, including some studies conducted by researchers at the UAEMEX suggest that in some places can still live jaguars can also see countless species of arthropods (insects, crustaceans, centipedes and spiders thousand), many birds, some edible mushrooms Hundreds of other toxic


classic

;saenz" Another version of the story has Malinalxóchil as the leader of a dissident Mexica tribe, who left to settle in what is now Malinalco and intermarried with the people already there.

in this part of Mexico State date back to the early post-Classic and the beginning of the late post-Classic. This was a time when many populations were on the move in the highlands of Mexico, with new peoples moving south from what is now northern Mexico. The first people to arrive here were probably the Culhuas, led by a chief named Cuauhtepexpetlatzin, after this group had already settled in the Valley of Mexico. Other peoples to arrive here include the Matlazincas, the Ocuiltecos

and Tepoxtepec showing Olmec influence. During the Pre-classic and Classic periods (Mesoamerica) the area was dominated by the Tarascan. During the Aztec invasion of the area, the Tenancingo chief Tezozomoctli, collaborated with Axayacatl to subdue the rival chief Chicaquiauh of Malinalco and to conquer Calpulli de Coapipitzoatepec (Xochiaca). In return, he remained an independent chieftain within the Aztec Empire. In 1535, after the Conquest, the area was given to Juan


traditional food

under banana trees. A traditional drink to have with the meal is pineapple juice prepared with tequila, vodka or mezcal. Market day is Wednesday, when vendors come into town from the outlying villages to sell. This market sells regional produce, traditional food and wood crafted in different forms such as animals and musical instruments. ref name "cdtravel" >


history written

name "novo" The sanctuary complex was built from the mid 15th century to the beginnings of the 16th. To get to the Cerro de los Idolos one must climb 426 stairs up 125 meters. Along the stairway leading to the site, there are signs with area’s history written in Spanish, English and Nahuatl. The site contains six buildings. The Cuauhcalli or House of the Eagles, which dates from 1501, ref name


bright

Carranza both claimed this area. During the regime of Victoriano Huerta, Malinalco stayed loyal to the Zapatistas, despite government efforts to eradicate the rebels. The town Malinalco is set in a semi-enclosed valley, surrounded by cliffs. The houses are mostly made of adobe with red tile roofs, some of which are painted bright colors. ref name "saenz" >

a number of fresh-water springs such as the San Miguel, Ateopa and Cuatzonco, most of which are the source of potable water for the communities of the municipality. The climate here is warm but not hot with rains mostly in the summer. The landscape is bright green in the summer and a golden color in the winter. Average temperatures vary between 20C in the higher elevations to 35C in the lower ones. The higher elevations mostly have


bright green

a number of fresh-water springs such as the San Miguel, Ateopa and Cuatzonco, most of which are the source of potable water for the communities of the municipality. The climate here is warm but not hot with rains mostly in the summer. The landscape is bright green in the summer and a golden color in the winter. Average temperatures vary between 20C in the higher elevations to 35C in the lower ones. The higher elevations mostly have mixed pine forests, with more tropical vegetation in the lowlands. Wildlife includes deer, various small mammals, a number of reptile species and birds. The San Miguel River is part of the Chalma-Malinalco sub-basin. It is an intermittent river and crosses the entire municipality, including the town itself. It has been used to dump trash so that the river produces disease, fetid odors and environmental damage. This has discouraged tourism to the town, and prevented the town from becoming a “Pueblo Mágico.” where the Aztecs built a garrison to keep the rebellious Chontal (Tequistlatecan)es in line, in Quauhquechollan (modern day Huauquechula) near Atlixco where the Aztecs built a garrison in order to always have forces close to their traditional enemies the Tlaxcalteca (Tlaxcala (Nahua state)), Chololteca (Cholula) and Huexotzinca, and in Malinalco near Toluca. The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca, Mazahua and Otomi (Otomi people)es and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides. The area was first settled between 1800 an 1300 BC with remains found around the hills of Nixcongo, Exhacienda de Monte de Pozo and Tepoxtepec showing Olmec influence. During the Pre-classic and Classic periods (Mesoamerica) the area was dominated by the Tarascan. During the Aztec invasion of the area, the Tenancingo chief Tezozomoctli, collaborated with Axayacatl to subdue the rival chief Chicaquiauh of Malinalco and to conquer Calpulli de Coapipitzoatepec (Xochiaca). In return, he remained an independent chieftain within the Aztec Empire. In 1535, after the Conquest, the area was given to Juan Salcedo. In 1537, the Augustinians evangelized the area and built a hermitage here. The modern town of Tenancingo was founded by the Spanish in 1551 near the older native settlements at the base of the Hill of Las Tres Marías (The Three Marias). In 1771, the Carmelites built a monastery here. In 1861, the village gained town status, and in1878, Tenancingo was recognized as a city. Malinalco, Valle, Tlalpujahua, Xonotla, Otumba, Aculco de Espinoza, Lerma, Tonatico, Luvianos, Tarimoro, Guanajuato, Tambopata - Candamo, Donato Guerra, Angangeo, Huixquilucan, Tlatlaya, Jiquipilco, Juchitepec


beautiful blue

and the Twelve species of scorpion registered in the municipality is really only a problem for human health, however one must consider that these species are not aggressive and do not attack if they are not causes, as well as their presence is so small that we seldom have reported serious cases. Nevertheless there are a number of myths that have demonized to some animals like the scorpion vinagrillo or nana, the salamanquesca a beautiful blue-tailed lizard, the Matip night and many others, however

Malinalco

'''Malinalco''' is a town and municipality located 65 kilometers south of the city of Toluca in the south of the western portion of the State of Mexico.

Malinalco has always been associated with magic or sorcery due to the legend that it was the home the goddess Malinalxóchil.

The Aztecs conquered the area in the 1470s, and established here a sanctuary for their military elite, the Eagle (Eagle warrior) and Jaguar warriors. The complex was built on the Cerro de los Idolos (Hill of the Idols), over an older ceremonial site. The main attraction of this archeological site is the Cuauhcalli or House of Eagles, which is a building carved out of the side of the mountain.

The name Malinalco comes from the Nahuatl word ''malinalli'', which is a kind of grass (Poaceae) called ''zacate del carbonero'' in Spanish, the word ''xóchitl'', which means flower and ''co'', which means place, which a translation of “where they worship the goddess Malinalxóchitl, the malinalli flower”. The name also refers to one of the time periods on the Aztec calendar, marked by the malinalli plant, according to the Quauhtinchan Annals. In Aztec and early colonial times, the area was represented by a number of glyphs, often with elements of the malinalli plant and or a human skull to indicate sacrifice.

Unlike most other municipalities in the state of Mexico, Malinalco does not use an Aztec glyph or coat of arms. Instead, it has a logo that was designed by Ernesto Romero Tetazin in 1985. It consists of the seal of the nation of Mexico (coat of arms of Mexico), from which rises a figure that simulates a low mountain under a malinalli flower. This includes the motto “Your archeology is the perseverance of our race, culture and work” (''Tu arqueología constancia de nuestra raza cultura y trabajo''). To the left is the word Malinaltepetl.

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