Madagascar

What is Madagascar known for?


founding+population

a small founding population (Founder effect) of strepsirrhine (Strepsirrhini) primates (possibly rafted in from neighboring continent) flourished and diversified into all niches of the ecosystem, in the absence of monkeys. The story reminds us how Madagascar, with a land mass 1 1000 of Earth's total land area, ends up housing unique species that account for 4% of all species of animals and plants. Lemurs and their kin are the last of the primates to join the pilgrimage. style


news population

and Príncipe , Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union). In Madagascar, Tsimiroro and Bemolanga are two heavy oil sands deposits with a pilot well already producing small amounts of oil in Tsimiroro.


species numerous

'''. The genus comprises roughly 140 species, numerous natural (List of Nepenthes natural hybrids) and many cultivated hybrids. They are mostly liana-forming plants of the Old World tropics, ranging from South China, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines; westward to Madagascar (2 species) and the Seychelles (1); southward to Australia (3) and New Caledonia (1); and northward to India (1) and Sri Lanka (1). The greatest diversity occurs


people year

New York year 2005 isbn 1-57958-453-5 * *


heavy oil

International Corporation year 2012 accessdate 19 September 2012 url http: www.sherritt.com Operations Metals Ambatovy-Joint-Venture archiveurl http: www.webcitation.org 6AmlwHsbZ archivedate 19 September 2012 and the development of the giant onshore heavy oil (heavy crude oil) deposits at Tsimiroro and Bemolanga by Madagascar Oil.

and Príncipe , Senegal, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union). In Madagascar, Tsimiroro and Bemolanga are two heavy oil sands deposits with a pilot well already producing small amounts of oil in Tsimiroro.


study series

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life year

known proto-frog was ''Triadobatrachus massinoti'', from the 250 million year old early Triassic of Madagascar. The skull is frog-like, being broad with large eye sockets, but the fossil has features diverging from modern amphibia. These include a different ilium (bone) ilium


bright green

'''. It is in the monotypic genus '''''Geckonia'''''. The name derives from the shape of the head caused by some of the scales (scale (zoology)) at the back of it. Its small size and tolerance of captive (captivity (animal)) conditions, have made it a more popular terrarium subject. Description ''Naultinus'' species are commonly known as ''Green geckos'' in New Zealand for their striking bright green colouration. In addition, they are diurnal (Diurnality), which allows them to take


unique contribution

name leaflet Non-racist pre-Adamism can be traced back to Paschal Beverly Randolph, an occultist, Paschal was of Malagasy (Madagascar) and Native American ancestry, he was a spokesman against slavery. Paschal was a believer in pre-Adamism he wrote the book ''Pre-Adamite man : demonstrating the existence of the human race upon the earth 100,000 thousand years ago!'' under the name of Griffin Lee in 1863. His book was a unique contribution towards pre-Adamism because it wasn't


hard place

1999-06-23 news columns2_1.html "Night Crawler" , SF Weekly, June 23, 1999 Subsequent Libertatia festivals were noted enthusiastically by local weeklies "Rock in a Hard Place", East Bay Express, June 2001 Geographic range Endemic (Endemism) to Madagascar. Occurs in the central and northern parts of the island. ref

Madagascar

'''Madagascar''', officially the '''Republic of Madagascar''' ( ) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (Madagascar (island)) (the fourth-largest island (List of islands by area) in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife (wildlife of Madagascar) is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and AD 550 by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around AD 1000 by Bantu (Bantu peoples) migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group (Malagasy people) is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups (Ethnic groups of Madagascar) of which the largest are the Merina (Merina people) of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar (Merina Kingdom) by a series (List of Malagasy monarchs) of Merina nobles (andriana). The monarchy collapsed in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 (2009 Malagasy political crisis) president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a ''coup d'état''. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014 when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election (Malagasy general election, 2013) deemed fair and transparent by the international community.

In 2012, the population of Madagascar was estimated at just over 22 million, 90 percent of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy (Malagasy language) and French (French language) are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs (Malagasy mythology), Christianity (Christianity in Madagascar), or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2014, the economy has been weakened by the recently concluded political crisis and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.

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