Madagascar

What is Madagascar known for?


contribution family

is where the family achieves its greatest diversity, although fossils of an extinct pratincole have been found in Miocene deposits in France.

last5 Gregory first6 Kees last6 Moeliker author2-link editor-last Josep editor-first del Hoyo editor2-last Andrew editor2-first Elliott editor3-last David editor3-first Christie contribution Family Monarchidae (Monarch-flycatchers) title Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 11, Old World Flycatchers to Old World Warblers year 2007 pages 244–295 place Barcelona publisher Lynx Edicions isbn 84


national amp

:'' 587,040 km 2 ''water:'' 5,500 km 2 ''land:'' 581,540 km 2 population 21,095,469 (July 2007 est.) language Malagasy (Malagasy phrasebook) (national&official), French (French phrasebook) (official) religion Indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7% electricity callingcode +261 tld .mg timezone UTC+3 '''Madagascar''' is a country located


species numerous

'''. The genus comprises roughly 140 species, numerous natural (List of Nepenthes natural hybrids) and many cultivated hybrids. They are mostly liana-forming plants of the Old World tropics, ranging from South China, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines; westward to Madagascar (2 species) and the Seychelles (1); southward to Australia (3) and New Caledonia (1); and northward to India (1) and Sri Lanka (1). The greatest diversity occurs


live young

publisher Daldy, Isbister & Co '''Poeciliidae''' is a family of fresh-water fish which are live-bearing aquarium fish (they give birth to live young). They belong to the order Cyprinodontiformes, tooth-carps, and include well-known aquarium fish such as the guppy, molly (Poecilia), platy (Xiphophorus), and swordtail. The original distribution of the family was the southeastern United States to north of Rio de la Plata, Argentina, and central


madagascar

image_flag Flag of Madagascar.svg image_coat Seal of Madagascar.svg

symbol_type Seal (Seal of Madagascar) national_motto

Tribune date 1 October 2010 url http: www.madagascar-tribune.com IMG pdf constitution.pdf archiveurl http: www.webcitation.org 61BvMnZmH archivedate 24 August 2011 accessdate 24 August 2011 language fr image_map Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg map_caption national_anthem '' Ry


recordings made

through the motifs of Serbian folkloric lullabies, took him to Paris where in 1985 he composed theatre music and at the IRCAM institute he expanded his knowledge in the field of electronic-acoustic music. During his stay in Paris, with Goran Vejvoda he started recording the album ''The Dreambird, in the Mooncage'', which was the last to feature the pseudonym Rex Illusivi, featuring the a combination of bird-twitter recordings, made at Madagascar


brilliant role

that contemporary literature had not broken from tradition as a result of the First World War and that "the Jews cannot claim to have been its creators, nor even to have exercised a preponderant influence over its development. On any closer examination, this influence appears to have extraordinarily little importance since one might have expected that, given the specific characteristics of the Jewish Spirit, the later would have played a more brilliant role in this artistic production." ref name


modern open

euros par habitant author Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques format XLS accessdate 2008-12-10 The total GDP of the island was US$18.8 billion in 2007. As of 2001, there were 300,000 main-line telephones and, in 2005, there were 610,000 mobile phones. The telephone system has its centre in Saint-Denis, and the domestic telephone system uses a modern open wire and microwave relay network. The international system


political criticism

in reporting. The media has historically come under varying degrees of pressure over time to censor their criticism of the government. Reporters are occasionally threatened or harassed and media outlets are periodically forced to close. Accusations of media censorship have increased since 2009 due to the alleged intensification of restrictions on political criticism. Access to the internet has grown dramatically over the past decade, with an estimated 352,000


book based

Towards an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of Our Own Dreams ''. He has done extensive anthropological work in Madagascar, writing his doctoral thesis (''The Disastrous Ordeal of 1987: Memory and Violence in Rural Madagascar'') on the continuing social division between the descendants of nobles and the descendants of former slaves. A book based on his dissertation, ''Lost People: Magic and the Legacy of Slavery in Madagascar'' appeared from Indiana University Press

Madagascar

'''Madagascar''', officially the '''Republic of Madagascar''' ( ) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (Madagascar (island)) (the fourth-largest island (List of islands by area) in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife (wildlife of Madagascar) is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and AD 550 by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around AD 1000 by Bantu (Bantu peoples) migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group (Malagasy people) is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups (Ethnic groups of Madagascar) of which the largest are the Merina (Merina people) of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar (Merina Kingdom) by a series (List of Malagasy monarchs) of Merina nobles (andriana). The monarchy collapsed in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 (2009 Malagasy political crisis) president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a ''coup d'état''. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014 when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election (Malagasy general election, 2013) deemed fair and transparent by the international community.

In 2012, the population of Madagascar was estimated at just over 22 million, 90 percent of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy (Malagasy language) and French (French language) are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs (Malagasy mythology), Christianity (Christianity in Madagascar), or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2014, the economy has been weakened by the recently concluded political crisis and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.

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