), and then to Kobrin – Pinsk – Kletsk – Nesvizh – Slonim (these towns are in Belarus today). She finished the journey in Vilno (Vilnius). Her travel narrative was supplemented with over 500 photographs and published by the American Geographical Society in 1937. American Geographical Society Special Publication No. 20 “Polish Countrysides” Photographs And Narrative by Louise A. Boyd with a contribution by Stanislaw Gorzuchowski, New York
content A showroom of a cultural and artistic association of the city. That supports, produces and promotes multi-genre contemporary arts: art, music, literature, theater, cinema, multimedia and more. *
Gallery phone +380 32 261-4454 fax hours price content Has a touch of understated Habsburg grandeur. Homestyle quality. * Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
festivals are happening during your stay in L'viv. *
beneath a city gate in a blue field. The current version of the symbol was adopted by the city council in 1990. According to principles of the blazoning it features a lion passant Or, beneath a castle gate Or, in azure field. Important tournament victories: Budapest 1989 - I-II places (tied), Vienna 1990 - I-VI, Gausdal 1991 - I-II, Katowice 1992 - I-II, Metz 1993 - I-III, Pardubice 1993 - I-V, Las Palmas 1993 - I-II, Pardubice 1994 - I-II, Stockholm
and maple trees. Upon the abrogation of the Jesuit order in 1773 the territory became the town property. A well-known gardener Bager arranged the territory in the landscape style, and most of trees were planted within 1885–1890. * Bohdan Khmelnytsky Culture and Recreation Park, is one of the best organized and modern green zones containing a concert and dance hall, stadium, the town of attractions, central stage, numerous cafes and restaurants. In the park there are Ferris wheel. * Stryiskyi Park, it is considered one of the most picturesque parks in the city. The park numbers over 200 species of trees and plants. It is well known for a vast collection of rare and valuable trees and bushes. At the main entrance gate you will find a pond with swans. * Znesinnya Park (Regional Landscape Park Znesinnya), its an ideal site for cycling, skiing sports, and hiking. Public organizations favor conducting summer camps here (ecological and educational, educational and cognitive). * Shevchenkivskyi Hay, in the park situated unique open air museum that has gathered the best collection of Ukrainian wooden architecture. * High Castle Park, the park is situated on the highest city hill (413 m) and occupies the territory of 36 hectares consisting of the lower terrace once called Knyazha Hora (Prince Mount), and the upper terrace with a television tower and artificial embankment. * Zalizni Vody Park, the park originated from the former garden Zalizna Voda (Iron water) combining Snopkivska street with Novyi Lviv district. The park owes its name to the springs with high iron concentration. This beautiful park with ancient beech trees and numerous paths is a favorite place of many locals. * Lychakivskyi Park, founded in 1892 and named after the surrounding suburbs. A botanic garden is situated on the park territory, founded in 1911 and occupying the territory of 18.5 hectares. Sport Lviv was an important centre for sport in Central Europe and is regarded as the birth–place of Polish football (Association football). Lviv is the Polish birthplace of other sports. In January 1905 the first Polish ice-hockey (ice hockey) match took place there and two years later the first ski-jumping (ski jumping) competition was organized in nearby Sławsko (Slavske). In the same year the first Polish basketball games were organized in Lviv's gymnasiums. In autumn 1887 a gymnasium by Lychakiv Street (pol. ''ulica Łyczakowska'') held the first Polish track and field (track and field athletics) competition with such sports as the long jump and high jump. Lviv's athlete Władysław Ponurski represented Austria in the 1912 Olympic Games (1912 Summer Olympics) in Stockholm. On 9 July 1922 the first official rugby (rugby union) game in Poland took place at the stadium of Pogoń Lwów in which the rugby team of Orzeł Biały Lwów divided itself into two teams – "The Reds" and "The Blacks". The referee of this game was a Frenchman by the name of Robineau. thumb left Clock in Lviv on Prospekt Svobody (Freedom Ave.), showing time to start of EURO 2012. Opera and Ballet Theatre in background (File:EURO 2012 Lvov clock.jpg) The first known official goal in a Polish football match was scored there on 14 July 1894 during the Lwów-Kraków game. The goal was scored by Włodzimierz Chomicki who represented the team of Lviv. In 1904 Kazimierz Hemerling from Lviv published the first translation of the rules of football into Polish and another native of Lviv, Stanisław Polakiewicz, became the first officially recognised Polish referee in 1911 the year in which the first Polish Football Federation (Polish Football Association) was founded in Lviv. The first Polish professional football club, Czarni Lwów opened here in 1903 and the first stadium, which belonged to Pogoń, in 1913. Another club, Pogoń Lwów, was four times football champion of Poland (1922, 1923, 1925 and 1926). In the late 1920s as many as four teams from the city played in the Polish Football League (Pogoń, Czarni, Hasmonea and Lechia). Hasmonea (Hasmonea Lwów) was the first Jewish football club in Poland. Several notable figures of Polish football came from the city including Kazimierz Górski, Ryszard Koncewicz, Michał Matyas and Wacław Kuchar. In the period 1900–1911 opened most famous football clubs in Lviv. Professor Ivan Bobersky has based in the Academic grammar school the first Ukrainian (Ukraine) sports circle where schoolboys were engaged in track and field athletics, football, boxing, hockey, skiing, tourism and sledge sports in 1906. He has organized the "Ukrainian Sports circle" in 1908. Much its pupils in due course in 1911 have formed a sports society with the loud name "Ukraine" - first Ukrainian football club of Lviv. "Ivan Bobersky – training of the first teachers of physical training is connected to his name.". Lviv now has several major professional football clubs (football team) and some smaller clubs. FC Karpaty Lviv, founded in 1963, plays in the first division of the Ukrainian Premier League. Sometimes citizens of Lviv assemble on the central street (Freedom Avenue) to watch and cheer during outdoor broadcasts of games. There are three major stadiums in Lviv. One of them is the Ukraina Stadium which is leased to FC Karpaty Lviv until 2018. Arena Lviv is a brand-new football stadium that was an official venue for Euro 2012 (UEFA Euro 2012) Championship games in Lviv. Construction work began on 20 November 2008 and was completed by October 2011. The opening ceremony took place on 29 October, with a vast theatrical production dedicated to the history of Lviv. www.uefa.com (29 October 2011) Arena Lviv is currently playing host to Shakhtar Donetsk and Metalurh Donetsk due to the ongoing 2014 Crimean crisis. Lviv's chess school enjoys a good reputation; such notable grandmasters as Vassily Ivanchuk, Leonid Stein, Alexander Beliavsky, Andrei Volokitin used to live in Lviv. "Lviv – the chess capital of Ukraine". Lviv is currently bidding (Lviv bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics) to host the 2022 Winter Olympics. Lviv officially enters race to stage 2022 Winter Olympics and Paralympics Economy thumb "NeoLAZ-Lemberg" - product of the Lviv Bus Factory (File:NeoLAZ-5208 Lviv.jpg) on the streets of Lviv Lviv is one of the largest cities in Ukraine and is growing rapidly. According to the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine the monthly average salary (List of Ukrainian oblasts and territories by salary) in the Lviv is a little less than the average for Ukraine which in February 2013 was 2765 UAH (Ukrainian hryvnia) ($345). According to the World Bank (World Bank Group) classification Lviv is a middle-income (middle class) city. Lviv has 219 large industrial enterprises (Business) and almost 9,000 small ventures. "Львів діловий, виставковий, бізнесовий." ''Карта Львова''many years machinery-building and electronics were leading industries in the Lviv. The Lviv-based company Elektron, trademark of national TV-set, produces also 32 and 37 inches liquid-crystal TV-sets. In 2013 Elektrotrans JV starts producing low-floor trams, the first Ukrainian 100% low-floor tramways. Низькопідлоговий трамвай ось-ось завершать. У червні він уже може поїхати Львовом «LAZ" is a bus manufacturing company in Lviv with its own rich history. Founded in 1945, "LAZ" started bus production in the early 1950s. Innovative design ideas of Lviv engineers have become the world standard in bus manufacture. Also Lviv is one of the leaders of software export in Eastern Europe with expected sector grow by 20%. Over 25% of all IT specialists in Ukraine work here and 1500 IT graduates year. There are dozens of local IT companies (Eleks, DevCom, SoftServe, Epam, Lohika, Mita-Teknik, Global Logic, ISD, N-IX and others). Website Global Services, known in the industry of outsourcing as the site of latest news and the latest research on IT and business services, on December 2011 published an article that notes Lviv, as one of the most promising cities for outsourcing. There are many restaurants and shops as well as street vendors of food, books, clothes, traditional cultural items and tourist gifts. Banking and money trading are an important part of the economy of Lviv with many banks and exchange offices throughout the city. Lviv Airlines has its head office on the grounds of Lviv Airport. "World Airline Directory." ''Flight International''. 27 March-2 April 2001. 102. 102. Education thumb Lviv Polytechnic National University (File:Lvivska politehnika2013.JPG) Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
directions phone +380 32 2403777 fax checkin checkout price content * Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
. New lines were opened to the blocks of flats (Tower block) at the city outskirts. The network now runs about 100 trolleybuses–mostly of the 1980s Skoda 14Tr and LAZ 52522 (:uk:ЛАЗ 52522). In 2006–2008 11 modern low-floor (Low floor) trolleybuses (LAZ E183) built by the Lviv Bus Factory were purchased. The price of a tram trolleybus ticket is 1.50 UAH (reduced fare ticket is 0.60 UAH, e.g. for students).
of the world. PikkardiyskaTertsia was created on 24 September 1992 in Lviv, and has won many musical awards. It all began with a quartet performing ancient Ukrainian music from the 15th century, along with adaptations of traditional Ukrainian folk songs. Also Lviv is the hometown to the one of the most successful and popular Ukrainian rock band Okean Elzy. Universities and academia thumb left The front Facade façade (File:University Lviv 2009 1.JPG) of the Lviv University
and conferences. There is films, sound recordings from private collections and official collections which represent life of large and small towns of Central and Eastern Europe. *
'''Lviv''' ( , Latin: ''Leopolis'', ''the city of the lion'') is a city in western Ukraine that was once a major population centre of the Halych-Volyn Principality, the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, the Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, and later the capital of Lwów Voivodeship during the Second Polish Republic.
Formerly capital of the historical region of Galicia (Galicia (Eastern Europe)), Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today's Ukraine (Ukrainian culture). The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone streets has survived Soviet and Nazi occupation during World War II largely unscathed. The city has many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. Lviv is also a home to many world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and the famous Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The historic city centre (Old Town (Lviv)) is on the UNESCO World Heritage List (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe#Ukraine). Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a ''son et lumière (son et lumière (show))'' in the city centre in September 2006.
The archaeological traces of settlement on the site of Lviv city date from as early as the 5th century. Archaeological excavations in 1977 showed Lendian (Lendians) settlement between the 8th and 10th centuries AD. In 1031 the settlement site with the rest of adjacent region was conquered from Mieszko II Lambert King of Poland by prince Yaroslav the Wise. After the invasion of Batu Khan, the city was rebuilt in 1240 by King Daniel (Daniel of Galicia) of the Rurik Dynasty, ruler of the medieval Ruthenian (Ruthenians) kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, and named after his son, Lev (Lev I of Galicia).
The first record of Lviv in chronicles dates from 1256. In 1340 Galicia (Galicia (Eastern Europe)) including Lviv were incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) by Casimir III the Great by inheritance from prince Bolesław Jerzy II of Mazovia. In 1356, Lviv received Magdeburg Rights from King Casimir III the Great. Lviv belonged to the Kingdom of Poland (Crown of the Kingdom of Poland) till 1772. Under subsequent partitions (Partitions of Poland), Lviv became part of the Austrian Empire. From 1918, the city of Lviv became the capital of the Lwów Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, until the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939; it later fell into German hands. On 22 July 1944, following the successful Lwów Uprising, Lviv was liberated from Nazi occupation by Polish troops (Armia Krajowa), cooperating with advancing Soviet forces.
From the 15th century the city acted as a major Polish and later also as a Jewish cultural centre, with Poles and Jews comprising a demographic majority of the city until the outbreak of World War II, and the Holocaust, and the population transfers of Poles (Polish population transfers (1944–1946)) that followed. The other ethnic groups living within the city – Germans, Ruthenians (Ukrainians), and Armenians – also contributed greatly to Lviv's culture. With the joint German–Soviet Invasion of Poland at the outbreak of World War II, the city of Lwów and its province (Lwów Voivodeship) were annexed by the Soviet Union (territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union) and became part (occupation of Poland (1939–45)) of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1939 to 1941. Between 30 June 1941 and 27 July 1944 Lwów was under German occupation, and was located in the General Government. On 27 July 1944 it was captured (Lwów Uprising) by the Soviet Red Army (Red Army). According to the agreements of the Yalta Conference, Lwów was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR, most of the Poles living in Lwów were deported into lands newly acquired from Germany under terms of the Potsdam Agreement (officially termed Recovered Territories in Poland), and the city became the main centre of the western part of Soviet Ukraine, inhabited predominantly by Ukrainians with a significant Russian minority.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the city of Lviv remained a part of the now independent Ukraine, for which it currently serves as the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast, and is designated as its own raion (district) within that oblast.
On 12 June 2009 the Ukrainian magazine ''Focus (Focus (Ukrainian magazine))'' judged Lviv the best Ukrainian city to live in. Lviv is the best city for living in Ukraine – rating, UNIAN (Ukrainian Independent Information Agency) (12 June 2009) Its more Western European flavor has earned it the nickname the "Little Paris of Ukraine" . The city expected a sharp increase in the number of foreign visitors as a venue for UEFA Euro 2012, and as a result a major new airport terminal has been built.