in this manner from his intention, returned to Italy. sign Hydatius source ''Chronicle'', 200, ''s.a.'' 460. Toponyms and ethnonyms His name was commemorated in numerous place-names, such as Lugdunum (Celtic (Celtic languages) *''Lugdūnon'' or *''Lugudūnon'', "fort of Lugus"; modern Lyon, France), capital of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. Other such place-names include Lugdunum Clavatum (modern Laon, France) and Luguvalium The usual emended spelling Luguvallium appears to be wrong, according to Kenneth Jackson, ("On Some Romano-British Place-Names" ''The Journal of Roman Studies'' '''38'''.1 and 2 (1948, pp. 54-58) p 57), offering Bede's ''Lugovalium'', as "Town of Lugovalos", that is, "those strong as Lugos", accepted by A.M. Armstrong, et al. ''The Place-Names of Cumberland'', (Cambridge University Press) 1950-53. (modern Carlisle (Carlisle, Cumbria), England) It is also possible that Lucus Augusti (modern Lugo in Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), Spain) is derived from the theonym Lugus, *García Quintela, Marco V. (et al.) "Souveraineté et sanctuaires dans l'Espagne celte. Études comparées d'historie et d'Archéologie. ''Memoires de la Societé Belge d'Etudes Celtiques'' '''17''' (2003) (Brussels) but Lucus in that place may in fact be purely Latin (''lucus'' 'sacred grove forest'). Ethnonyms which may derive from Lugus include the Luggones of Asturias, Inscription on stone: "''Asturum et Luggonum''" found in Piloña, Asturias, early Astur-Roman period. The stone is now in the Archaeological Museum of Asturias in Oviedo. and the ''Lougei'', known from inscriptions in Lugo and El Bierzo. thumb 210px left Marshall Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult (File:Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult.jpg) In March, Marshal Soult (Nicolas Jean de Dieu Soult) initiated the second invasion of Portugal through the northern corridor. On 27 March, the Spanish forces defeated the French at Vigo, and the French troops at Marín (Marín, Pontevedra) and Pontevedra were forced to retreat to Santiago de Compostela for fear of being outflanked for the Spanish advance. After of the new turn of the situation, the Spanish forces took the initiative, and most of the cities in the province of Pontevedra were recaptured. In Portugal, the French were initially repulsed in the Minho (Minho River) river by Portuguese militias, Soult then captured Chaves (Chaves, Portugal), Braga and, on 29 March 1809, Porto. However, the resistance of Silveira in Amarante (Amarante, Portugal) and other northern cities isolated Soult in Porto. William Carr Beresford, in his capacity as commander-in-chief (he had been appointed by the Portuguese Royal family), reorganised, rebuilt and refitted the Portuguese army with the aid of senior Portuguese generals, in particular Miguel Pereira Forjaz. In a first phase, some 20,000 were called to the regular army and 30,000 to militias. Later on, this number would grow to 50,000 in the army and another 50,000 in militias, in addition to 120,000 ''ordenanças'' and volunteer units. Wellesley returned to Portugal in April 1809 to command the Anglo-Portuguese forces. He strengthened the British army with the recently formed Portuguese regiments trained by General Beresford (William Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford) and adapted to the British way of campaigning. These new forces turned Soult out of Portugal at the Battle of Grijó (10–11 May) and the Second Battle of Porto (12 May). All other northern cities were recaptured by General Silveira. On 7 June, the French army of Marshal Michel Ney was defeated at the Battle of Puente Sanpayo by the Spanish forces commanded by Colonel Pablo Morillo, and Ney was forced to retreat to Lugo on 9 June. The withdrawal was painful because the French army was harassed by the Spanish ''guerrillas (Guerrilla warfare)''. Ney's troops met in Lugo with those of Soult, who had to leave Portugal, and they all withdrew from Galicia in July 1809. This marked the final evacuation of Galicia by the French army and the creation of a new front. Early history The city of Bell has a Native American history dating back thousands of years. The Gabrieliño Indians migrated to the place now called Bell in 500 B.C. Spaniards have been living in this area of California since the mid-16th century. Among the early Spanish settlers was one of California’s first families, the Lugos. While stationed at Mission San Antonio de Padua near Salinas (Salinas, California), California, Francisco Lugo’s first California son, Antonio Maria Lugo was born in 1775. WikiPedia:Lugo Dmoz:Regional Europe Spain Autonomous_Communities Galicia Lugo Commons:Lugo de:Lugo es:Lugo
status is recognised internationally, and form a UNESCO World Heritage site. History The city was founded by Celts, who named it Lugos after the Celtic god of light, oaths, and the arts. It remained a small town of little repute until the Middle Ages when it became a seat of pilgrimage. This was because the cathedral would show the Blessed Sacrament to the public 24 hours a day. The roman walls which give the city its famewere built between 263 and 276 AD to defend the then Roman
Galician-Roman (Galicia (Spain)#History) centres alongside Braccara Augusta and Asturica Augusta (modern Braga and Astorga respectively). The province has 67 municipalities. Bus In 1999 Arriva entered the Spanish bus market in Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) acquiring ''Mercancia Ideal Gallego'' and ''Transportes Finisterre''. Their services cover three of the four provinces in the region - A Coruña, Lugo and Ourense - including
part of the famous Santiago (Santiago de Compostela) pilgrimage route. They are now focusing on working with the metropolitan transport authorities to develop their operations in A Coruña and Ferrol (Ferrol, Spain). Silo extended the frontiers of the realm to Galicia (Galicia (Spain)). He had to endure a Galician rebellion at Monte Cubeiro in the province of Lugo. On Silo's death, Adosonda's nephew Alfonso (Alfonso II of Asturias) was named as successor, but the throne was seized by Mauregatus (Mauregatus of Asturias), an illegitimate son of Alfonso I. Biography He was born in Oviedo, where he spent his early life in the court of Alfonso II (Alfonso II of Asturias). He was probably associated with the crown from an early age. He was probably raised in Lugo, capital of the province of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), of which his father, Ramiro (Ramiro I of Asturias), had been named governor. There he was educated, including in the military arts. - Spain Lugo Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Carmel (Lugo Cathedral) 1896 100px (File:Catedral de Lugo 3.jpg) - - 1960 Lugo Francisco José Pérez Pérez - Napoleon, worried about what was happening in Spain and upset with the failure of the expedition of his forces, decided to come personally to the Peninsula in whose submission he had invested three hundred thousand men. The English, who had disembarked in 1807 in Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) under the command of general Moore, did not surpass thirty thousand in number. With his customary mobility Napoleon multiplied himself, divided and destroyed the English and the Spanish in quick and precise blows. He ordered Soult to pursue the English in Galicia. Moore's army was defeated and hounded across the mountains of Lugo; the English general himself was killed during the final combats carried out around the bay of Coruña, where the remnants of his forces re-embarked. - 693 Félix (Félix of Braga) becomes bishop of Braga. Félix of Braga was the last bishop of Braga to reside there until 1070, due to the Moorish (Moors) invasion. His successors establishid themselves in Lugo (Galicia (Galicia (Spain))). Railway services depart from San Cristóbal Station. The city will be connected with Madrid and Vigo by high-speed rail in next years. Regional lines connect the city with Vigo through Santiago de Compostela and Pontevedra, Lugo and Monforte de Lemos. Intercity trains depart to Madrid, Barcelona and Basque Country (Basque Country (autonomous community)), passing through many other important Spanish northern cities. There is a freight train station that serves the port. thumb Hybrid Volvo 7700H bus at the Czech Bus Fair 2011 (File:Praha, Holešovice, Výstaviště, Czech Bus, hybridní autobus Volvo.jpg) *Castrosua Tempus (Castrosua) (in use in Barcelona, Granada, Lugo, Madrid, Santiago de Compostela, Sevilla) http: www.castrosua.com index.html?idi en *Irisbus Hynobis (Irisbus) (Castellón (Castellón de la Plana)) http: www.busride.com article.asp?IndexID 996 As Portugal's territory was extended southward during the reconquista, the increasingly distinctive Portuguese language was adopted by the people in these regions, supplanting the earlier Arabic and other Romance Latin languages that were spoken in these conquered areas during the Moorish era. Portuguese itself became even more distinctive from its fellow sibling, Galician, as it absorbed influences from the languages it displaced in these new territories to the south. Meanwhile, Galician was influenced by the neighbouring Leonese language, especially during the time of kingdoms of Leon and Leon-Castile, and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries it has been influenced by Castilian. Two cities at the time of separation, Braga and Porto, were within the County of Portugal, and have remained within Portugal to this day. Further north, the cities of Lugo, A Coruña and the great mediaeval centre of Santiago de Compostela, remained within Galicia. Anathemas Then followed 23 anathemas directed against Arius and his doctrines, succeeded by the creeds of Nicaea and Constantinople and the definition of Chalcedon, the whole being subscribed by 8 Arian bishops with their clergy, and by all the Gothic nobles. The bishops were Ugnas of Barcelona (Barcelona, Spain), Ubiligisclus of Valencia (Valencia, Spain), Murila of Palencia, Sunnila of Viseu, Gardingus of Tuy, Bechila of Lugo, Argiovitus of Oporto, and Froisclus of Tortosa. The names of the eight are German (Germans)ic in origin. Four come from sees within the former kingdom of the Suevi, probably showing that Leovigild, after his conquest, had displaced the Catholic bishops by Arians. ''' Gallaecia ''' or ''' Callaecia ''', also known as '''Hispania Gallaecia''', was the name of a Roman province and an early Mediaeval kingdom (Monarchy) that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately present-day northern (Norte, Portugal) Portugal, and León (province), Asturias and Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) in Spain). The most important city and historical capital of Callaecia were the towns of Bracara Augusta, WikiPedia:Lugo Dmoz:Regional Europe Spain Autonomous_Communities Galicia Lugo Commons:Lugo de:Lugo es:Lugo
That son became Don Antonio Maria Lugo, Spanish aristocrat and soldier, who settled on 30,000 acres of land that encompasses what is now the city of Bell. In 1810, the King of Spain formally granted the land to Lugo, the land grant was a reward for his military service. Lugo also became the mayor of a little town called Los Angeles, from 1816–1819, http: score.rims.k12.ca.us score_lessons foot_prinOn April 6, 2000, the Bell House was dedicated as a California State Historical Resource.ts Files lugo_era_history.htm and the acreage became known as Rancho San Antonio (Rancho San Antonio (Lugo)). The grant was confirmed by the Mexican governor in 1838. By 1865, the Lugo family fortune dwindled and most of the Rancho was sold for less than a dollar per acre. The Lugo family did manage to retain its home, built about 1810, and it is the oldest house in Los Angeles County. The original adobe house on Gage Avenue. ref name
champion in the final eight disputed in Lugo. Although during that year it had been agreed that there would be no promotions, the CB Granada, in a joint operation with the city, bought the spot of Baloncesto Salamanca (CB Salamanca) (agreement closed on June 14 by 400 million pesetas plus VAT), which allow for first time play in the ACB (Liga ACB), which demanded their transformation into joint stock company sports. Thus, the club became Club Baloncesto Granada SAD. arena Pazo dos Deportes (Pazo Provincial Dos Deportes) (capacity: 7,500) location Lugo, Galicia (Galicia (Spain)) colors Sky blue and white WikiPedia:Lugo Dmoz:Regional Europe Spain Autonomous_Communities Galicia Lugo Commons:Lugo de:Lugo es:Lugo
WikiPedia:Lugo Dmoz:Regional Europe Spain Autonomous_Communities Galicia Lugo Commons:Lugo de:Lugo es:Lugo
in Aquitaine and ''Novempopulania'' coming from Theodoric's court in Toulouse (May 460). Genseric, fearing the Roman invasion, tried to negotiate a peace with Majorian, who rejected the proposal. The Vandal king then decided to devastate Mauretania, his own territory, because he thought that the Roman army would land there; moreover, he ordered his navy to prepare incursions in the waters near the probable invasion area. In the meantime, Majorian
, docked at ''Portus Illicitanus'' (near Elche), was destroyed by traitors paid for by the Vandals: ''Chronica gallica anno 511'', 634; Marius Aventicensis, ''s.a.'' 460; Hydatius, 200, ''s.a.'' 460.
in this manner from his intention, returned to Italy. sign Hydatius source ''Chronicle'', 200, ''s.a.'' 460. Toponyms and ethnonyms His name was commemorated in numerous place-names, such as Lugdunum (Celtic (Celtic languages) *''Lugdūnon'' or *''Lugudūnon'', "fort of Lugus"; modern Lyon, France), capital of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. Other such place-names include Lugdunum Clavatum (modern Laon, France) and Luguvalium The usual emended
by Mauregatus (Mauregatus of Asturias), an illegitimate son of Alfonso I. Biography He was born in Oviedo, where he spent his early life in the court of Alfonso II (Alfonso II of Asturias). He was probably associated with the crown from an early age. He was probably raised in Lugo, capital of the province of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), of which his father, Ramiro (Ramiro I of Asturias), had been named governor. There he was educated, including in the military arts. - Spain
completed the conquest, in the North, of the Iberian Peninsula. Situated in what was the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis, it was the chief town of the tribe of the Capori. Though small it was the most important Roman town in what became Gallaecia during the Roman period, the seat of a ''conventus'', one of three in Gallaecia, and later became one of the two capitals of Gallaecia, and gave its name to the ''Callaïci Lucenses''. It was centrally situated in a large
gold mining region, which during the Roman period was very active. The Conventus Lucensis, according to Pliny (Pliny the Elder), began at the river Navilubio, and contained 16 peoples; besides the Celtici and Lebuni. Though these tribes were not powerful, and their names "barbarous" to Roman ears, there were among them 166,000 freemen. Pliny, iii. 3. s. 4, iv. 20. s. 34 The city stood on one of the upper branches of the Minius (modern Minho River
Lugo's Roman walls (Roman Walls of Lugo), Galicia (Galicia (Spain)), a UNESCO World Heritage Site thumb 250px right City walls in Ávila, Spain Ávila (File:Ávila 24-8-2002.jpg), Spain, a UNESCO World Heritage Site The population is 356,595 (2006), of whom a quarter live in the capital Lugo. The capital city was an ancient Celtic settlement named in honour of the god Lugh (see Lyon), later Latinised as ''Lucus Augusti'', and which became one of the three main important Galicia
'''Lugo''' ( ) is a city in northwestern Spain in the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Galicia (Galicia (Spain)). It is the capital of the province of Lugo (Lugo (province)). The municipality had a population of 98,560 in 2014, which makes it the fourth most populated city in Galicia (Galicia (Spain)).
Lugo is the only city in the world to be surrounded by completely intact Roman walls (Roman Walls of Lugo), which reach a height of circuit ringed with 71 towers. The walk along the top is continuous round the circuit, and features ten gates. These 3rd century walls are protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The bridge over the Minho (Minho River) is essentially of Roman date, though many repairs over the centuries have effaced its Roman character.