. In 1648, they were expelled from Luanda by the Portuguese. Overall the Dutch built 16 forts in different places, including Goree in Senegal, partly overtaking Portugal as the main slave-trading power. MPLA Since its formation in the 1950s, the MPLA's main social base has been among the Ambundu people (Northern Mbundu people) and the multiracial intelligentsia of cities such as Luanda, Benguela and Huambo. The results of the 2008 Elections in Angola show
to the Chinese enterprise in charge of the construction, the firm has suspended its work in 2010. The port of Luanda serves as the largest port of Angola, and connects Angola to the rest of the world. Major expansion of this port is also taking place, with the completion of a new complex just last year, the port is expanding rapidly. Scott Wilson projects WikiPedia:Luanda Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola Localities Luanda Commons:Category:Luanda
. For decades, Luanda's facilities were not adequately expanded to handle this massive increase in the city's population. After 2002, with the end of the civil war and high economic growth rates fuelled by the wealth provided by the increasing oil and diamond production, major reconstruction started. The Economist: Marching towards riches and democracy? August 28, 2008 Geography Human geography
there in specialised 4x4 game viewing vehicles, be in the wild and beautiful bush and on the magnificent Kwanza River within 3 hours ! www.eco-tur.com +244 912 501387 +244 923 601601 +244 923 602420 Kissama Game Park, a beautiful and enormous national game park just 2 hours south of Luanda recently restocked. Contact Eco Tur who run safaris there in specialist game viewing vehicles www.eco-tur.com +244 912 501387 +244 923 601601 +244 923 602420 WikiPedia:Luanda Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola Localities Luanda Commons:Category:Luanda
the Civil War. For the three movements see Franz-Wilhelm Heimer, ''The Decolonization Conflict in Angola, 1974-76: An essay in political sociology'', Geneva: Institut Universitaire de Hautes Études Internationales, 1979 Portuguese colonialism At the end of the 15th century, the Portuguese entered into contact with the Kongo Empire where they maintained a continuous presence and had a considerable cultural and religious influence. Almost a century later, in 1575, they established a settlement and fort called Saint Paul of Luanda on the coast South of the Kongo Empire, in an area inhabited by Ambundu (Northern Mbundu people) people. Another fort, Benguela, was established on the coast further South, in a region inhabited by ancestors of the Ovimbundu people. Furthermore Puma Air also operated some charter services with wet-leased aircraft to the following destination: *Luanda – Quatro de Fevereiro Airport birth_date January 25, 1944 birth_place Luanda, Portuguese Angola, Portuguese empire death_date October 29, 2004 '''Jacinto João''', also known as '''J. J.''' (January 25, 1944, Luanda – October 29, 2004, Setúbal) was one of the greatest Portuguese (Portugal) football (football (soccer)) players of his time. WikiPedia:Luanda Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola Localities Luanda Commons:Category:Luanda
the history of the city along with many relics, such as cannons and the original holding cells for slaves. * WikiPedia:Luanda Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola Localities Luanda Commons:Category:Luanda
valley , inhabited by Northern Mbundu peoples, 125 miles (200 km) to the east. Situated at an elevation of 4,373 feet (1,333 metres), the town had a high-altitude tropical climate, ideal to several agricultural productions. The city developed as an important agricultural, manufacturing, trading and services centre. Its productions included cotton, textiles, coffee, fruit and corn (Maize), and among its facilities it had cinema, hospital, railway station and airport. MalanjeAnosOuro.wmv, a film of Malanje, Overseas Province of Angola (before 1975). The Cangandala National Park, was established by the Portuguese authorities on 25 June 1970, having previously been classified as an Integral Natural Reserve on 25 May 1963. Portuguese rule Portuguese settlers founded Malanje in the 19th century. The construction of the railway from Luanda to Malanje, in the fertile highlands, started in 1885. The environs of Malanje included the principal cotton-producing area of Portuguese West Africa and drove its development since the beginning. The town developed in the mid-19th century as an important ''feira'' (open-air market) on Portuguese Angola's principal plateau, between Luanda — the territory's capital and largest city, 250 miles (400 km) to the west — and the Cuango valley, inhabited by Northern Mbundu peoples, 125 miles (200 km) to the east. Situated at an elevation of 4,373 feet (1,333 metres), the town had a high-altitude tropical climate, ideal to several agricultural productions. The city developed as an important agricultural, manufacturing, trading and services centre. Its productions included cotton, textiles, coffee, fruit and corn (Maize), and among its facilities it had cinema, hospital, railway station and airport. MalanjeAnosOuro.wmv, a film of Malanje, Overseas Province of Angola (before 1975). The Cangandala National Park, was established by the Portuguese authorities on 25 June 1970, having previously been classified as an Integral Natural Reserve on 25 May 1963. Airport The airport was built during the colonial era. Currently, the following airlines fly from the capital Luanda: TAAG, SAL and Air GEMINI. Malanje is 450 km from the capital. Railway The construction of the railway (Luanda Railway) from Luanda to Malanje, in the fertile highlands, started in 1885. After the end of the civil war in 2002, it was expected to be the terminus of a railway from the capital city and port of Luanda once reconstruction was complete. Portuguese rule A coastal desert city located in southwestern Angola, it was officially founded in 1840 by the Portuguese rulers of the territory (Angola (Portugal)) on a bay that the Portuguese originally called ''Angra do Negro''. The area was first explored by the Portuguese in 1785, and was claimed for Portugal by Luiz Candido Cordeiro Pinhaira Furtado, who had been sent there in the frigate ''Loanda'' by the then governor-general of Angola, Baron Moçâmedes, who also sent an overland expedition headed by Gregorio José Mendes to rendezvous with Furtado. It was they who renamed the bay Moçâmedes in honour of the man who had sent them. In 1839 the then governor-general of Angola, Admiral Noronha (António Manuel de Noronha), sent a fresh expedition to subdue the Sobas or chieftains of the region and establish them as vassals of Portugal. In 1840 a factory was established by two merchants, Jacomo Felippe Torres and Antonio Joaquim Guimarães, and in July of the same year a fort was built at Ponta Negra, and the town of Moçâmedes was founded by order of the Portuguese prime minister Count Bonfim (José Travassos Valdez), who was also head of the Colonial Department. Francisco Travassos Valdez, ''Six Years of a Traveller's Life in Western Africa'' (London: Hurst & Blackett, 1861), Volume 2, pp.336-338. In 1846, after his defeat in the civil war of the Patuleia, Bonfim was himself exiled to Moçâmedes with his son and other members of the Junta of Oporto, and though he managed to escape was returned to there by the Royal Navy until released under the terms of the Convention of Gramido. Francisco Travassos Valdez (1861), Volume 1, pp.11-12. The area was colonized mainly by Portuguese settlers from Madeira and Brazil; in the 1850s the Portuguese government also gave sea passage and financial assistance to a large number of German colonists. Francisco Travassos Valdez (1861), Volume 2, pp.346-347. The village - known by the native inhabitants in the 19th century as Mossungo Bittolo - grew as a fishing port (Fishing in Angola), and by the 1960s, it had 143 fishing boats and several fish processing factories. The port normally handled a major part of the Angolan catch and had one of the most important fish landings of the Portuguese Overseas Province of Angola together with Luanda, Benguela and Lobito. About 200 km from the city of Namibe the Portuguese authorities founded the Iona National Park, Angola's oldest and largest national park, which was proclaimed as a reserve in 1937 and was upgraded by the authorities of Portuguese Angola to a national park covering 15,150 km² in 1964. During 1966-67 a major iron ore terminal was built by the Portuguese at Saco, the bay just 12 km North of Moçâmedes. The client was the ''Compania Mineira do Lobito'', the Lobito Mining Company, which developed an iron ore mine inland at Cassinga. The construction of the mine installations and a 300 km railway were commissioned to Krupp of Germany and the modern harbour terminal to SETH, a Portuguese company owned by Hojgaard & Schultz of Denmark. The small fishing town of Moçâmedes hosted construction workers, foreign engineers and their families for 2 years. The Ore Terminal was completed on time within one year and the first 250,000 ton ore carrier docked and loaded with ore in 1967. WikiPedia:Luanda Dmoz:Regional Africa Angola Localities Luanda Commons:Category:Luanda
that they were not disciplined enough to serve the Portuguese. Kasanje's band in particular, broke free of Portuguese control and began a long campaign of pillage that eventually established them in the Baixa de Cassange region of modern Angola along the Kwango River. This band would become the modern Angolan ethnicity that calls itself Imbangala (and ceased the militant customs of its predecessors in the late seventeenth century). - style "background-color: #DDDDDD" Luanda
thumb right 350px (File:Luanda from Fortaleza Feb 2006.jpg) '''Luanda''', the capital of Angola, is on the Atlantic coast. Its current renaissance is a truly inspiring success story. Decades of conflict (which ended in 2002) had long held Angola back. The start of the 21st century has seen a massive boom in construction in Luanda, where peace and stability have attracted numerous foreign companies to invest in offices in the city. The government of Angola, getting rich off revenue from oil
using oil revenues. Today Luanda's skyline is dotted with cranes, erecting numerous social housing highrises to replace slums and existing, but grossly dilapidated, 40-plus year old highrises as well as offices for numerous foreign companies operating in Angola. Just South of Luanda in an area aptly called Luanda Sul, Western-standard housing, many compound style, is being built for the growing expat community. Major improvements are being made to roads, highways, and the rail system
'''Luanda''', formerly named '''São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda''', is the capital (Capital (political)) city of Angola, and the country's most populous and important city, primary port and major industrial (Angola#Economy), cultural (Angola#Culture) and urban (Angola#Demographics) centre. Located on Angola's coast with the Atlantic Ocean, Luanda is both Angola's chief seaport and its administrative center. It has a metropolitan population of over 5 million. It is also the capital city of Luanda Province, and the world's third most populous Portuguese (Portuguese language)-speaking city, behind only São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, both in Brazil, and the most populous Portuguese (Portuguese language)-speaking capital city in the world, ahead of Brasília, Maputo and Lisbon, for example.
The city is currently undergoing a major reconstruction, with many large developments taking place that will alter the cityscape significantly.