What is Longyearbyen known for?


Spitsbergen. On 29 August 1941, the entire population of Ny-Ålesund was evacuated to Longyearbyen, and on 3 September 765 people were evacuated from Longyearbyen to Scotland. Later the last 150 men were also evacuated. Holm (1999): 73 With Longyearbyen depopulated, a small German garrison and air strip was established in Adventdalen, mostly to provide meteorological data. After the British Operation Fritham regained control of Barentsburg, the German

the second-largest research outpost on Svalbard, marginally below Ny-Ålesund. In contrast, Longyearbyen has almost only Norwegian research, while Ny-Ålesund is roughly evenly split between Norwegian and foreign.

Airport, Longyear author Avinor url http: www.avinor.no en airport svalbard timetables language Norwegian accessdate 15 March 2012 archivedate 15 March 2012 archiveurl http: www.webcitation.org 66BHIK2JO deadurl no while there are irregular flights to Russia. Lufttransport operates regular charter services to Svea Airport and Ny-Ålesund Airport, Hamnerabben. Arktikugol operates helicopters to Barentsburg and Pyramiden. ref name luftfart >

huge making

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scientific association

last Gjesteland first Eirik journal Teletronikk pages 140–152 year 2003 issue 3 accessdate 12 April 2012 archivedate 12 April 2012 archiveurl http: www.webcitation.org 66rn5jf5w deadurl no The European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association (EISCAT) opened a radar in 1996, Holm (1999): 36 followed by Svalbard Satellite Station in 1999 Holm (1999): 141 and the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in 2008. ref>

including power

: www.webcitation.org 66Cenl9Dj deadurl no The council's main responsibilities are infrastructure and utilities, including power, land-use and community planning, education from kindergarten to upper secondary level and child welfare. It operates three kindergartens in addition to the 13-grade Longyearbyen School.

special opening

and meals in a pleasant environment. * *

quot unique


education cultural

, education, cultural facilities, fire department, roads and ports. The town is the seat of the Governor of Svalbard. It is the world's northernmost settlement of any kind with greater than 1,000 permanent residents. Known as '''Longyear City''' until 1926, the town was established by and named after John Munro Longyear, whose Arctic Coal Company started coal mining operations in 1906. Operations were taken over by Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani (SNSK) in 1916, which

book activities

Internet access and a guest computer. Book activities in the reception. * Commons:Category:Longyearbyen

north pole

the northernmost part of Norway. It is located north of mainland Europe, midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° (74th parallel north) to 81° north (81st parallel north) latitude (inside the Arctic Circle), and from 10° (10th meridian east) to 35° east (35th meridian east) longitude. Spitsbergen is the largest island, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya. The administrative center is Longyearbyen, and other

at the mines in North and South America. One can still be seen in the San Juan Mountains of the US state of Colorado. Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° (74th parallel north) to 81° north (81st parallel north) latitude, and from 10° (10th meridian east) to 35° east (35th meridian east) longitude.

the Polar Bear Club's other location in Longyearbyen on Svalbard. Cold Start Palin begins at the North Pole, flying there on a small aeroplane fitted with skis. (The North Pole scene had to be filmed earlier than the rest of the journey due to weather issues.) From there, he heads to Greenland, then the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen, where the towns of Ny Ålesund and Longyearbyen are located. From there he sails across the Barents Sea on a supply ship to the Norwegian port city of Tromsø, where he visits a statue of Roald Amundsen, the first man to reach the South Pole. He also meets some avid Norwegian football fans. In the town of Karasjok, he meets up with the Sami people and pans for gold in the Karasjoka River. From there, Palin travels by bus and crosses the border from Norway to Finland, where he visits Santa Claus at the Santa Claus Village on the Arctic Circle near Rovaniemi. He takes an overnight Finnish train (VR Group) to Helsinki; he relaxes in a sauna near Helsinki with Neil Hardwick and Lasse Lehtinen. Then Palin catches a ferry to Tallinn, his first stop in the Soviet Union. He visits with Estonians who sing a song, dreaming of the day when Estonia would again be a free nation. Then Palin catches a train headed for Leningrad. - Longyearbyen Commons:Category:Longyearbyen

world work

Diversity Trust , is a secure underground facility capable of storing millions of crop seeds. The facility has been designed to protect against natural and human disasters, including global warming, floods and fires, and nuclear holocaust. The site was chosen for a number of factors including its remoteness, sound geology and the ambient temperature of the permafrost.


'''Spitsbergen''' (formerly known as '''West Spitsbergen'''; Norwegian (Norwegian language): ''Vest Spitsbergen'' or ''Vestspitsbergen'') “Of this Spitsbergen archipelago, the main island (the biggest) had the Norwegian name ‘Vest Spitsbergen’ (‘West Spitsbergen’ in English).” Umbreit, ''Spitsbergen'' (2009), p. ix. ”Spitsbergen… an Arctic archipelago… comprising the five large islands of West Spitsbergen…”. Hugh Chisholm (ed.), ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' (1911), p. 708 ”… the Archipelago of Spitsbergen, comprising, with Bear Island… all the islands situated between 10deg. and 35deg. longitude East of Greenwich and between 74deg. and 81 deg. latitude North, especially West Spitsbergen…” ''Treaty concerning the Archipelago of Spitsbergen'' (1920), p. 1. is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in Norway. Constituting the western-most bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea and the Greenland Sea. Spitsbergen covers an area of , making it the largest island in Norway and the 36th-largest in the world. The administrative centre is Longyearbyen, and other settlements, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund and the mining outpost of Sveagruva.

The largest settlement on Spitsbergen is the Norwegian town of Longyearbyen, while the second largest settlement is the Russian coal mining settlement of Barentsburg (which was sold by the Netherlands in 1932 to the Soviet company Arktikugol). Other settlements on the island include the former Russian mining communities of Grumantbyen and Pyramiden (abandoned in 1961 and 1998, respectively), a Polish research station (Polish Polar Station, Hornsund) at Hornsundet, and the remote northern settlement of Ny-Ålesund. Northern Townships: Spitsbergen - article published in hidden europe magazine, 10 (September 2006), pp.2-5

thumb left Longyearbyen (File:Longyearbyen panorama.JPG) Longyearbyen is the largest settlement on the island, the seat of the governor and the only town to be incorporated. The town features a hospital, primary and secondary school, university, sports centre with a swimming pool, library, cultural centre, cinema, The newspaper ''Svalbardposten'' is published weekly. Umbreit (2005): 179 Only a small fraction of the mining activity remains at Longyearbyen; instead, workers commute to Sveagruva (or Svea) where Store Norske operates a mine. Sveagruva is a dorm town, with workers commuting from Longyearbyen on a weekly basis.

thumb Cableway (File:CablewayMineLongyearbyen.JPG) from abandoned coal mine just south of Longyearbyen, Svalbard Tramways are sometimes used in mountainous regions to carry ore from a mine located high on the mountain to an ore mill located at a lower elevation. Ore tramways were common in the early 20th century at the mines in North and South America. One can still be seen in the San Juan Mountains of the US state of Colorado.

Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° (74th parallel north) to 81° north (81st parallel north) latitude, and from 10° (10th meridian east) to 35° east (35th meridian east) longitude.

*Kristiansund – King Christian VI of Denmark *Longyearbyen – world's northernmost town – John Munroe Longyear

- LYR ENSB Svalbard Airport, Longyear Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway - date 18 August 1941 place Longyearbyen, Norway status Allied success

The objective was to destroy the rich coal mines there together with associated equipment and stores, which it was correctly assumed the Germans intended to make use of. These mines on Norwegian territory were owned and operated by Norway (at Longyearbyen) and by the Soviet Union (at Barentsburg) and both governments agreed to their destruction and the evacuation of their nationals.

There are weekly flights between Ny-Ålesund and Longyearbyen for transport of scientists and other personnel. On ship cruises, Ny-Ålesund is a typical shore break. However, this tourism may cause interference with the sensitive scientific devices in the settlement, so tourists are closely observed. Visitors are supplied with a local map and are required not to stray off the marked path — a round-trip of about one km from the pier. A number of storyboards are placed strategically to explain the history and purpose of the various buildings; many are research establishments. There is one shop, a tiny museum and small post office, the northernmost in the world. In summer Arctic terns nest on the ground alongside the path and may "dive-bomb" visitors who get too near.

- 78°13′N 15°33′E Longyearbyen, Svalbard - '''Sveagruva''' (meaning ''Mine of the Swedes''), or simply ''Svea'', is a mining settlement in the Norwegian (Norway) archipelago of Svalbard, lying at the head of Van Mijenfjord. It is the third largest settlement in the archipelago (after Longyearbyen and Barentsburg). Currently, around 300 workers living in Longyearbyen commute to Sveagruva for work on a daily or weekly basis. Sveagruva has no permanent inhabitants. The mine is operated by Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani and is served by Svea Airport.

***Vardø, Norway ***Longyearbyen, Svalbard ***Barrow (Barrow, Alaska), Alaska - Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°12' N align "center" 2,075 align "center" yes align "center" yes Northernmost settlement with a population of over 1,000 -

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