approximately 100 km south-west and the small research community of Ny-Ålesund, 100 km to the west. Pyramiden is accessible by boat or snowmobile, and guided tours are available in Russian, Norwegian, and English. - 78°13′N 15°34'E Longyearbyen, Svalbard Commons:Category:Longyearbyen
Diversity Trust , is a secure underground facility capable of storing millions of crop seeds. The facility has been designed to protect against natural and human disasters, including global warming, floods and fires, and nuclear holocaust. The site was chosen for a number of factors including its remoteness, sound geology and the ambient temperature of the permafrost.
darkness in the midst of the dark period. Even the southern part of the country experiences large seasonal variations in daylight; in Oslo the sun rises at 03:54 and sets 22:54 at summer solstice, but is only above the horizon from 09:18 - 15:12 at winter solstice. Commons:Category:Longyearbyen
, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. * Kristiansund
: Elveneset, Tempelfjorden, Pyramiden, Barentsburg and the East Coast. During the summer months the waterways open up and the midnight sun shines on Svalbard. Thousands of migratory birds come to the area, and nest in the cliffs. You can enjoy the landscape and wildlife with an open boat trip to the bird cliffs, a calving glacier or to a popular fossil hunting location, with experienced guides. One possibility is a demanding yet rewarding trip to Trollsteinen (849m over sea level) or a hike from sea
around outside the centre, especially when the weather is bad. Taxi services are available, at a price. Alternatively, most of the hotels and hostels, as well as some of the tour operators, offer bike rentals. Car rentals are available at the airport (Arctic Autorent) and in the town center (Svalbard Auto), but vehicle inventory is very limited, so reservations are recommended. Visitors who leave the town center without a guide should be aware that polar bears can be seen anywhere on the islands at any time of year. Leaving the central area of Longyearbyen without a hunting rifle is not recommended. Rifles can be rented from several places in the town, or alternately, a guide can be hired for expeditions. See thumb Mine 2b (File:SvalbardMine3b.jpg) thumb Inside the museum (File:SvalbardMuseum.jpg) thumb Longyearbyen Church (File:SvalbardChurch.jpg) thumb Reindeer in the city (File:SvalbardReindeer.jpg) thumb 24-hour sundial (File:SvalbardSundial.jpg) There are many possibilities for walking and sight-seeing in the immediate Longyearbyen area. Walking out of the settlement into the fjord, you will see the old cemetery and several abandoned mine buildings. * Commons:Category:Longyearbyen
safaris''' and '''ice-caving''' and more are offered by Svalbard's many tour companies. The largest operators are Spitsbergen Travel and Svalbard Wildlife Service (SWS). Prices are high &mdash; expect to pay from NOK 390-1000 for a half-day activity, NOK 1000 - 3000 for a full day — but the standard are high and the experiences are well worth the price. thumb Esmarkbreen Glacier (File:Esmarksbreen.jpg) *
. Splurge * *
healthcare, the fire department, the kindergarten, roads, garbage disposal, power production, the water and sewer system, the cinema, cultural actives and the library. Ownership was taken over by the Ministry of Trade and Industry on 1 January 1993.
'''Spitsbergen''' (formerly known as '''West Spitsbergen'''; Norwegian (Norwegian language): ''Vest Spitsbergen'' or ''Vestspitsbergen'') “Of this Spitsbergen archipelago, the main island (the biggest) had the Norwegian name ‘Vest Spitsbergen’ (‘West Spitsbergen’ in English).” Umbreit, ''Spitsbergen'' (2009), p. ix. ”Spitsbergen… an Arctic archipelago… comprising the five large islands of West Spitsbergen…”. Hugh Chisholm (ed.), ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' (1911), p. 708 ”… the Archipelago of Spitsbergen, comprising, with Bear Island… all the islands situated between 10deg. and 35deg. longitude East of Greenwich and between 74deg. and 81 deg. latitude North, especially West Spitsbergen…” ''Treaty concerning the Archipelago of Spitsbergen'' (1920), p. 1. is the largest and only permanently populated island of the Svalbard archipelago in Norway. Constituting the western-most bulk of the archipelago, it borders the Arctic Ocean, the Norwegian Sea and the Greenland Sea. Spitsbergen covers an area of , making it the largest island in Norway and the 36th-largest in the world. The administrative centre is Longyearbyen, and other settlements, in addition to research outposts, are the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research community of Ny-Ålesund and the mining outpost of Sveagruva.
The largest settlement on Spitsbergen is the Norwegian town of Longyearbyen, while the second largest settlement is the Russian coal mining settlement of Barentsburg (which was sold by the Netherlands in 1932 to the Soviet company Arktikugol). Other settlements on the island include the former Russian mining communities of Grumantbyen and Pyramiden (abandoned in 1961 and 1998, respectively), a Polish research station (Polish Polar Station, Hornsund) at Hornsundet, and the remote northern settlement of Ny-Ålesund. Northern Townships: Spitsbergen - article published in hidden europe magazine, 10 (September 2006), pp.2-5
thumb left Longyearbyen (File:Longyearbyen panorama.JPG) Longyearbyen is the largest settlement on the island, the seat of the governor and the only town to be incorporated. The town features a hospital, primary and secondary school, university, sports centre with a swimming pool, library, cultural centre, cinema, The newspaper ''Svalbardposten'' is published weekly. Umbreit (2005): 179 Only a small fraction of the mining activity remains at Longyearbyen; instead, workers commute to Sveagruva (or Svea) where Store Norske operates a mine. Sveagruva is a dorm town, with workers commuting from Longyearbyen on a weekly basis.
thumb Cableway (File:CablewayMineLongyearbyen.JPG) from abandoned coal mine just south of Longyearbyen, Svalbard Tramways are sometimes used in mountainous regions to carry ore from a mine located high on the mountain to an ore mill located at a lower elevation. Ore tramways were common in the early 20th century at the mines in North and South America. One can still be seen in the San Juan Mountains of the US state of Colorado.
Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic about midway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. The group of islands range from 74° (74th parallel north) to 81° north (81st parallel north) latitude, and from 10° (10th meridian east) to 35° east (35th meridian east) longitude.
*Kristiansund – King Christian VI of Denmark *Longyearbyen – world's northernmost town – John Munroe Longyear
- LYR ENSB Svalbard Airport, Longyear Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway - date 18 August 1941 place Longyearbyen, Norway status Allied success
The objective was to destroy the rich coal mines there together with associated equipment and stores, which it was correctly assumed the Germans intended to make use of. These mines on Norwegian territory were owned and operated by Norway (at Longyearbyen) and by the Soviet Union (at Barentsburg) and both governments agreed to their destruction and the evacuation of their nationals.
There are weekly flights between Ny-Ålesund and Longyearbyen for transport of scientists and other personnel. On ship cruises, Ny-Ålesund is a typical shore break. However, this tourism may cause interference with the sensitive scientific devices in the settlement, so tourists are closely observed. Visitors are supplied with a local map and are required not to stray off the marked path — a round-trip of about one km from the pier. A number of storyboards are placed strategically to explain the history and purpose of the various buildings; many are research establishments. There is one shop, a tiny museum and small post office, the northernmost in the world. In summer Arctic terns nest on the ground alongside the path and may "dive-bomb" visitors who get too near.
- 78°13′N 15°33′E Longyearbyen, Svalbard - '''Sveagruva''' (meaning ''Mine of the Swedes''), or simply ''Svea'', is a mining settlement in the Norwegian (Norway) archipelago of Svalbard, lying at the head of Van Mijenfjord. It is the third largest settlement in the archipelago (after Longyearbyen and Barentsburg). Currently, around 300 workers living in Longyearbyen commute to Sveagruva for work on a daily or weekly basis. Sveagruva has no permanent inhabitants. The mine is operated by Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani and is served by Svea Airport.
***Vardø, Norway ***Longyearbyen, Svalbard ***Barrow (Barrow, Alaska), Alaska - Longyearbyen, Svalbard, Norway 78°12' N align "center" 2,075 align "center" yes align "center" yes Northernmost settlement with a population of over 1,000 -