Prior to the Second World War, the majority of immigrants to Australia had come from the United Kingdom - though most of Australia's Catholic immigrants had come from Ireland. After the war, Australia's immigration program diversified and more than 6.5 million migrants arrived in Australia in the following 60 years, including more than a million Catholics from nations
content.asp?ID 2354 title Islamic Services of America! publisher Islamic Services of America accessdate 2010-06-20 History Lebanon was established in 1814 and was named for the Biblical Lebanon because of the abundant cedar trees. The founding community traces back to the Hardin's Creek Meeting House, built by Presbyterians from Virginia. It became the county seat of Marion County by 1835. 25% of Readfield residents report English (England) ancestry, 12% France French
Karam's music changed, but she also sported a new look, which further emphasised that the album was a turn around. ''Saharni'''s success was instantaneous, even though there was a lack of video clips for the songs, the album came through on top of the charts, and produced a number of major hits, including ''Edhak Lil Dounya (Smile to the world)'', and the title track ''Saharni (He charmed me)''. After a few months, Najwa had completed the rest of her new album, '' Shu Mghaira
; ref Identifying all Lebanese as ethnically Arab is a widely employed example of panethnicity since in reality, the Lebanese “are descended from many different peoples who have occupied, invaded, or settled this corner of the world,” making Lebanon, “a mosaic of closely interrelated cultures”.
''The Man with the Golden Gun (The Man with the Golden Gun (film))''. Her numerous television and film appearances include starring roles in: ''Lost Empires'' with Colin Firth and Laurence Olivier, directed by Alan Grint; a Granada Television serial, ''Praying Mantis''; ''Poor Little Rich Girl (Poor Little Rich Girl: The Barbara Hutton Story)'', the ITC (ITC Entertainment) US miniseries - the story of Barbara Hutton; ''La Ronde (La Ronde (play))'' BBC (Play
not themselves believers in any usual sense. These included most notably two preacher friends from Isfahan — Malek al-Motakallemin Media:Malek al-Motakallemin.jpg and Sayyed Jamal ad-Din Esfahani, the former the father of the historian of the constitutional revolution, Mehdi Malekzadeh, and the latter the father of Iran's first great modern short-story writer, Mohammad-Ali Jamalzadeh. Malek al-Motakallamin was long an Azali Bábí, although by the time he
'', an early example of inspirational fiction including a series of philosophical essays written in poetic English (English language) prose. The book sold well despite a cool critical reception, and became extremely popular in the 1960s counterculture (Counterculture of the 1960s). Acocella, Joan (January 7, 2008). "Prophet Motive". '' The New Yorker
the Yarmouk, supplies 40% of its fresh water, of which 70% is used in agriculture, while 80% of the water derived from renewable resources of the mountain aquifers in the region are also exploited by Israel. The National Water Carrier Project was begun in 1956 and completed in 1964; it combined all previous water projects and delivered water to the dry Mitzpe Ramon in the south. Soon after, Syria and Jordan decided to divert the Jordan water at the source
civilian homes" and fighters launched rockets within populated areas and near U.N. observers. Human Rights Watch, ''Fatal Strikes: Israel’s Indiscriminate Attacks Against Civilians in Lebanon'', Summary, August 2006. HRW also accused Hezbollah of using Lebanese homes as sites for rocket launchers, usually without the home-owner's knowledge or permission, putting large numbers of civilians at risk. "Deadly Hezbollah chess match", ''The Washington Times'', 26 October 2006. Cult centers and images As a consequence of the first half of the name, Atargatis has frequently, though wrongly, been identified as ‘Ashtart. Dirven's hypothesis that at Palmyra Atargatis was identical to Astarte, who functioned as the Gad (Gad (deity)) of Palmyra, has been criticised by Ted Kaizer (''The Religious Life of Palmyra'' 2002 :153f), who suggests that we "stick to the divine names actually given by the worshippers" and follow the Palmyrene inscriptions, which distinguish between them. The two deities were probably of common origin and have many features in common, but their cults are historically distinct. There is reference in 2 Maccabees 12.26 on-line text and 1 Maccabees 5:43 Simply referinng to "the temple that was in Carnaim" (on-line text). to an Atargateion or Atergateion, a temple of Atargatis, at Carnion in Gilead, but the home of the goddess was unquestionably not Israel or Canaan, but Syria itself; at Hierapolis Bambyce (Manbij) she had a temple in her name. At Palmyra she appears on the coinage with a lion, or her presence is signalled with a lion and the crescent moon; an inscription mentions her. In the temples of Atargatis at Palmyra and at Dura-Europos She is intended at Dura-Europos in the guise of the Tyche of Palmyra, accompanied by the lion, in a fresco from the sanctuary of the Palmyrene gods, removed to the Yale Art Gallery. she appeared repeatedly with her consort, Hadad, and in the richly syncretic religious culture at Dura-Europos, was worshipped as ''Artemis Azzanathkona''. Rostovtseff 1933:58-63; ''Dura-Europos'' III. Two well preserved temples in Niha (Niha Bekaa), Lebanon are dedicated to her and to Hadad. In the 1930s, numerous Nabatean bas-relief busts of Atargatis were identified by Nelson Glueck at Khirbet et-Tannûr, Jordan, in temple ruins of the early first century CE; Nelson Glueck, "A Newly Discovered Nabataean Temple of Atargatis and Hadad at Khirbet Et-Tannur, Transjordania" ''American Journal of Archaeology'' '''41'''.3 (July 1937), pp. 361-376. there the lightly veiled goddess's lips and eyes had once been painted red, and a pair of fish confronted one another above her head. Her wavy hair, suggesting water to Glueck, was parted in the middle. At Petra the goddess from the north was syncretised with a North Arabian goddess from the south al-Uzzah (Uzza), worshipped in the one temple. At Dura-Europus among the attributes of Atargatis are the spindle and the sceptre or fish-spear. Baur, ''Dura-Europos'' III, p. 115. For Pindar (''Sixth Olympian Ode''), the Greek sea-goddess Amphitrite is "goddess of the gold spindle". Zündel campaigned in Canada to ban the movie ''Schindler's List'' "Schindler's List Exposed as Lies and Hate", 1994 leaflet published by Zündel's Samisdat Publishers on the grounds that it "generates hatred against Germans, and it should be possible to ban it under 'hate laws' in Canada, Germany, and other countries" "Ernst Zündel on the film 'Schindler's List'", The Nizkor Project and celebrated the movie being banned in Malaysia and the Philippines, and effectively banned in Lebanon and Jordan. Censorship offer file, Shofar FTP Archive, The Nizkor Project A former member of the DPS has given a long interview to daily ''Libération''. Using the pseudonym "Dominique", he explained that the DPS has special "unofficial" intervention squads made up of former paratroopers and Foreign Legionnaires (French Foreign Legion), veterans of French interventions in Chad, Lebanon, and the Central African Republic. Some members of the DPS were present in covert operations in Zaire (1997 and 2001), Madagascar (in 2002, Didier Ratsiraka called for some mercenaries to resolve the political crisis '' Côte d'Ivoire '' (2001–2003)
The earliest evidence (Archaeological evidence) of civilization in Lebanon dates back more than seven thousand years, predating recorded history. Lebanon was the home of the Phoenicians, a maritime culture that flourished for over a thousand years (c. (Circa) 1550–539 BC). In 64 BC, the region came under the rule of the Roman Empire, and eventually became one of the Empire's leading centers of Christianity. In the Mount Lebanon range a monastic tradition known as the Maronite Church was established. As the Arab Muslims conquered the region, the Maronites held onto their religion and identity. However, a new religious group, the Druze (Druze in Lebanon), established themselves in Mount Lebanon as well, a religious divide that would last for centuries. During the Crusades, the Maronites re-established contact with the Roman Catholic Church (Roman Catholic) and asserted their communion with Rome. The ties they established with the Latins have influenced the region into the modern era.
The region eventually came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 to 1918. Following the collapse of the Empire after World War I, the five provinces that constitute modern Lebanon were mandated to France (French Mandate of Lebanon). The French (France) expanded the borders of Mount Lebanon Governorate, which was mostly populated by Maronites and Druze, to include more Muslims. Lebanon gained independence in 1943, establishing a unique political system
Before the Lebanese Civil War (1975–1990), the country experienced a period of relative calm and renowned prosperity, driven by tourism, agriculture, commerce, and banking.