that many were once farmers in the hills of Laos or were refugees from war who fled into remote jungles, and had little or no access to schools. In addition, almost 30% of Hmong families are under the poverty level.
thorelii'', an emended description and novel ecological data resulting from its rediscovery in Tay Ninh, Vietnam. McPherson, S.R. ''New Nepenthes: Volume One''. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole. pp. 104–131. Clarke, C.M., R. Cantley, J. Nerz, H. Rischer & A. Witsuba 2000. ''Nepenthes
(''Nepenthes'') of Cambodia. ''Cambodian Journal of Natural History'' '''2010'''(2): 106–117. Mey, F.S. 2009. ''N. smilesii'' in Kampot, Cambodia. Carnivorous Plants in the tropics. and western Vietnam. McPherson, S.R. 2009. ''Pitcher Plants of the Old World''. 2 volumes. Redfern Natural History Productions, Poole
''' are carved right into the Pak Ou caves. Near ''Pak Ou'' (mouth of the Ou river) the ''Tham Ting'' (lower cave) and the ''Tham Theung'' (upper cave) are near Luang Prabang, Laos. They are a magnificent group of caves that are only accessible by boat, about two hours upstream from the center of Luang Prabang, and have recently become more well known and frequented by tourists.The caves are noted for their impressive Buddhist and Lao (Laotian art) style sculptures carved into the cave walls, and hundreds of discarded Buddhist figures laid out over the floors and wall shelves. They were put there as their owners did not wish to destroy them, so a difficult journey is made to the caves to place their unwanted statue there. 1968 – Laos & Cambodia. U.S. starts secret bombing campaign against targets along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the sovereign nations of Cambodia and Laos. The bombings last at least two years. (See Operation Commando Hunt) Image:HITO de las tres fronteras ARGENTINA.JPG Border stone on the Argentinian side of the Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay tripoint (the Triple Frontier) File:Goldenes Dreieck.jpg Tripont of Thailand, Burma and Laos located on a sandbar in the Mekong The '''Lao Theung''' or '''Lao Thoeng''' (Lao: ລາວເທິງ (wikt:ລາວເທິງ) Commons:Category:Laos
thorelii'' . ''2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN Red List)''. IUCN (World Conservation Union) 2006. Retrieved on 10 May 2006. -- '''''Nepenthes smilesii''''' ( ) is a tropical pitcher plant native to northeastern Thailand, southern Laos, Cambodia, Mey, F.S. 2010.
November year 2004 volume 87 issue 11 pages 56–61 This state-of-the-art operation utilized electronic sensors, computers, and communications relay aircraft in an attempt to automate intelligence collection. The system would then assist in the direction of strike aircraft to their targets. The objective of those attacks was the logistical system of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) that snaked through southeastern Laos and was known as the Ho Chi Minh Trail
guarding the Temple of Wat Sisaket in Vientiane, Laos The '''Phaya Naga''' or Naga (Naga (mythology)) are mythical serpent-like creatures believed by locals to live in the Laotian (Laos) stretch of the Mekong river or estuaries. Some have tried to explain sightings as Oarfish (Regalecus Glesne) (Oarfish), elongate fish with red crests; however these are exclusively marine and usually live great depths. People in both Laos and Thailand attribute the Naga fireballs
, as opposed to the dried form of Chinese noodles. A variation of Idiappam, known as sevai in Tamil Nadu, is used as the base in savoury preparations; it is also called ''santhakai'' or sandhavai in the Coimbatore region of Tamil Nadu. A similar mode of preparation called savige is popular in Karnataka. In 1942, the French could no longer withstand the growing popular reactions generated by Sổ's oracular pronouncements and political instructions. They exiled him to Laos
; They have been introduced (introduced species) to the Ryukyu Islands in Japan. As suggested by the name, the belly is usually gray, though sometimes reddish on the sides. Depending on subspecies and season, the upperparts are gray, yellowish-olive or reddish. ''C. caniceps'' spp. are listed as "Least Concern" by the IUCN. Inthavong was born in Laos but later moved to Atlanta, Georgia. In 1999, Axelle received the most important music award in France for female artist of the year, the Victoire de la Musique, while her third studio album, ''Toujours Moi'', was also released, written and produced by herself. It sold more than 800,000 albums. Once again, she returned to Asia where she had travelled extensively as a student. In Laos, one of the poorest Asiatic countries, Thailand and Cambodia she met women and children whose lives are a never-ending circle of violence, discrimination, prostitution and poverty. Axelle’s stinging words still ring through. ‘If I or my daughter had been born here then we wouldn’t be alive today’. Early life In 1975, Dia and the surviving members of her family, were forced to flee the advancing communist movement, Pathet Lao in their takeover of her home country of Laos. She soon found herself a refugee in Thailand. * Dame Muriel Spark, 88, British novelist, best known for ''The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (novel))'' (1962). Viphakone , 89, Laos Secretary of State for Social Welfare and Commissioner of Rural Affairs, Ramon Magsaysay Award recipient. Weber (administrator) Bruce Weber , 54, Australian rules football executive who was president of the Port Adelaide Football Club !-- comment Commons:Category:Laos
largest_city capital government_type Marxist-Leninist (Marxism-Leninism) single-party state leader_title1 President (President of Laos) leader_name1 Choummaly Sayasone leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Laos) leader_name2 Thongsing Thammavong leader_title3 President of the National Assembly (National Assembly of Laos) leader_name3 Pany Yathotou leader_title4 President of Construction (Lao Front for National Construction) leader_name4 Sisavath Keobounphanh legislature National Assembly (National Assembly (Laos)) sovereignty_type Formation (History of Laos) established_event1 Kingdom of Lan Xang (Lan Xang) established_date1 1354–1707 established_event2 Luang Phrabang (Kingdom of Luang Phrabang), Vientiane (Kingdom of Vientiane) and Champasak (Kingdom of Champasak) established_date2 1707–1778 established_event3 Vassal of Thonburi (Thonburi Kingdom) and Siam (Rattanakosin Kingdom) established_date3 1778–893 established_event4 War of Succession (Chao Anu Rebellion) established_date4 1826–8 established_event5 French Indochina established_date5 1893–1949 established_event6 Independence Commons:Category:Laos
enough AC-130 Gunship IIs arrived to form a squadron, the 16th Special Operations Squadron (SOS) of the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW), at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. It was at this time that the C-130A gunship was designated the AC-130A. List of biological warfare institutions, programs, projects and sites by country According to the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment (since disbanded), 17 countries were believed to possess biological weapons in 1995: Libya
'''Laos''' (( ), is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, bordered by Burma and the People's Republic of China (China) to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. Since 1975, it is ruled by a Marxist and communist government. Its population was estimated to be around 6.8 million in July 2014.
Significant corruption exists in the Lao government, military, and communist party in the LPDR, and the legacy of a command economy, as well as excess spending on military and defense budgets during the Cold War and its aftermath, have continued to impoverish Laos. According to the anti-corruption non-governmental organization Transparency International, Laos remains one of the most corrupt countries in the world. This has deterred foreign investment and created major problems with the rule of law, including the nation's ability to enforce contract and business regulation. Transparency International "Laos Corruption Perceptions Index" (2005-2014) http: www.theglobaleconomy.com Laos transparency_corruption Consequently, a third of the population of Laos currently lives below the international poverty line (living on less than US$ (United States dollar)1.25 per day). According to the Global Hunger Index (2013), Laos ranks as the 25th hungriest nation in the world out of the list of the 56 nations with the worst hunger situation(s). Welthungerhilfe, IFPRI, and Concern Worldwide: 2013 Global Hunger Index - The challenge of hunger: Building Resilience to Achieve Food and Nutrition Security. Bonn, Washington D. C., Dublin. October 2013. Laos has had a poor human rights record most particularly dealing with the nation's acts of genocide being committed towards its Hmong (Hmong people) population.
Laos traces its history to the kingdom of Lan Xang, which existed from the 14th to the 18th century when it split into three kingdoms. In 1893, it became a French protectorate (French colonial empire), with the three kingdoms — Luang Phrabang (Kingdom of Luang Phrabang), Vientiane (Kingdom of Vientiane) and Champasak (Kingdom of Champasak) — uniting to form what is now known as Laos. It briefly gained independence in 1945 after Japanese occupation (History of Laos to 1945#Japanese occupation of Laos), but returned to French rule until it was granted autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. Shortly after independence, a long civil war (Laos Civil War) ended the monarchy, when the Communist (Communism) Pathet Lao movement came to power in 1975.
Laos is a single-party (Single-party state) socialist republic. It espouses Marxism and is governed by a single party communist politburo dominated by military generals. The Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Vietnam People's Army continue to have significant influence in Laos. The capital city is Vientiane. Other large cities include Luang Prabang, Savannakhet, and Pakse. The official language is Lao (Lao language). Laos is a multi-ethnic country with the politically and culturally dominant Lao people making up approximately 60% of the population, mostly in the lowlands. Mon-Khmer (Mon-Khmer languages) groups, the Hmong (Hmong people), and other indigenous hill tribes, accounting for 40% of the population, live in the foothills and mountains.
Laos' strategy for development is based on generating electricity from its rivers and selling the power to its neighbours, namely Thailand, China, and Vietnam.
It is a member of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), East Asia Summit and La Francophonie. Laos applied for membership of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1997; on 2 February 2013, it was granted full membership.