of wonder and religious tradition" by Rudi Bakhtiar, CNN Student News, November 28, 2001. (Church of Saint George, Lalibela) * The stelae (Obelisk of Axum) of Axum, Ethiopia WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
) and , and '''Yimrehane Kristos''' church (possibly 11th century, built in the Axumite fashion but within a cave). Do * Visit the '''weekly market''' on Saturday - not much you would want to buy, some local weaving possibly, but an invaluable insight into local life. Make sure you visit the donkey park. *
of vernacular housing found in the area. One type are a group he calls the "tukuls", round huts built of stone and usually having two stories. The second are the single-storey "chika" buildings which are round and built of earth and wattle, which he feels reflects more "scarcity". Angel's report also included an inventory of Lalibela's traditional buildings, placing them in categories rating their state of conservation. WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
in Washington, D.C. Through donations and matching funds, WMF has worked with local community and government partners worldwide to safeguard and conserve places of historic value for future generations. To date, WMF has worked at more than 500 sites in 91 countries, including many UNESCO World Heritage Sites (World Heritage Site). WMF has worked at internationally famous tourist attractions as well as lesser-known sites. Highly prominent projects are many temples at Angkor, Cambodia, starting in 1990, including Preah Khan and Phnom Bakheng; the Château de Chantilly in Chantilly, France; many structures in Rome, including the Temple of Hercules, Santa Maria Antiqua, and the House of Augustus; several sites on Easter Island; various sites at ancient Luxor in Egypt; Lalibela in Ethiopia; San Ignacio Miní in Argentina; the ancient Maya city of Naranjo, Guatemala; the Segovia Aqueduct in Segovia, Spain; as well as 25 projects in Venice, Italy, over 20 years. WMF has also participated in projects in the United States, including Ellis Island, Mesa Verde National Park, the Mount Lebanon Shaker Society, and many sites in New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. thumb left The rock-hewn Church of Saint George, Lalibela Church of Saint George (File:Bet Giyorgis church Lalibela 01.jpg) in Lalibela is a UNESCO World Heritage Site (World Heritage Site). Ethiopia has close historical ties with all three of the world's major Abrahamic religions. It was one of the first areas of the world to have officially adopted Christianity as the state religion, in the 4th century. It still has a Christian majority, with over a third of the population Muslim. Ethiopia is the site of the first Hijra (Hijra (Islam)) in Islamic history and the oldest Muslim settlement in Africa at Negash. Until the 1980s, a substantial population of Ethiopian Jews resided in Ethiopia. right thumb The Church of Saint George, Lalibela Church of Saint George (File:Bet Giyorgis church Lalibela 01.jpg) is a monolithic church in Lalibela. There are many monolithic churches in Ethiopia, most famously the above-mentioned twelve churches at Lalibela. After these, two main types of architecture are found—one basilican, the other native. The Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion at Axum is an example of the basilican design, though the early basilicas are nearly all in ruin. These examples show the influence of those architects who, in the 6th century, built the basilicas at Sanʻāʼ (Sanaá) and elsewhere in the Arabian Peninsula. There are two forms of native churches: one oblong, traditionally found in Tigray (Tigray Region); the other circular, traditionally found in Amhara (Amhara Region) and Shewa (though either style may be found elsewhere). In both forms, the sanctuary is square and stands clear in the center, and the arrangements are based on Jewish (Judaism) tradition. Walls and ceilings are adorned with frescoes. A courtyard, circular or rectangular, surrounds the body of the church. Modern Ethiopian churches may incorporate the basilican or native styles, and utilize contemporary construction techniques and materials. In rural areas, the church and outer court are often thatched (Thatching), with mud-built walls. In 2010, McCarthy was escorted out of an underground church in Lalibela, Ethiopia, for entering the site without documentation. He had been in the church on assignment for the travel magazine, ''Afar''. Andrew McCarthy held at gunpoint - LLI HALL Lalibela Airport Lalibela, Ethiopia - thumb right View of Tigray from Emperor Yohannes' Palace (Image:Yohannes view.jpg) A distinctive feature of Tigray are its rock-hewn churches. Similar in design to those of Lalibela, these churches are found in four or five clusters—Gheralta, Teka-Tesfay, Atsbi and Tembien -- with Wukro sometimes included. Some of the churches are considered earlier than those of Lalibela, perhaps dating from the eighth century. Mostly monolithic (monolithic architecture), with designs partly inspired by classical architecture, they are often located at the top of cliffs or steep hills, for security. For example, Tigray's ancient Debre Damo monastery is accessible only by climbing a rope 25 meters up a sheer cliff. WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
Emperor Gebre Mesqel Lalibela. Taddesse Tamrat, ''Church and State in Ethiopia'' (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), p. 62 When deciding on names for her protagonist, LeGrow considered Molly, Charlotte, Moira, Sally, and Diana before choosing Dinah —a reference to the pet cat of the protagonist of Lewis Carroll's novel ''Alice in Wonderland''; the 1984 comedy film ''Johnny Dangerously'' inspired her last name
20010959 title deviantART: sadwonderland's journal: BizenCast! author LeGrow, M. Alice date 17 August 2008 publisher Deviantart.com accessdate 23 January 2010 Edaniel takes his name from the name Daniel in a middle school yearbook which LeGrow picked at random; she noted that the editors let her keep him in the story although he appeared a risky character to them.
content Family owned and run and it shows in the spotlessly clean bedrooms and common areas and the attention to detail which means that (almost) everything works – a rare treat in Ethiopia! Two stories high with a nice little lawn to enjoy the afternoon coffee ceremony; spectacular views from the twin sunloungers of each private balcony. Shower rooms are up to European standards and each bedroom is beautifully furnished with locally themed and sourced furniture and furnishings but without TV or phone. 200 station satellite TV in the reception restaurant area. Free Wi-Fi throughout. Car park is guarded 24 hours. 20kW standby generator, laundry service, weekly barbecue. Worth a visit – even if it is full and you can not sleep in one of its 12 ''en suite'' rooms – because of two features: A) Its modern Ethiopian renaissance architecture and interior design that ranks amongst the best in the whole country – no chipped marble and faux Louis XIV curlicues here. B) A right up-to-date Polish wall map of Ethiopia and surrounding countries (so modern it even shows the border crossing with the new country of South Sudan) and showing relief and all major features of interest to the traveller such as filling stations and ATMs together with an accompanying wall poster (in English with photographs) listing the major tourist sights and features. * WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
areas: :'''Shimbrima''' at the ''north''-western end of Adebabay St, many with stunning escarpment views and a gentle climb to the economic centre of town and a steeper descent to the church complexes :'''Getergie''' at the ''south''-western end of town, on and off Getergie Rd and without the stunning escarpment views (but still with fine views of the surrounding buttes and mesas) but still a long way to the bus station on the eastern side of town. Hotels in this district have both a steep climb to the church complexes and then an equally steep climb to the economic centre of town. However, maybe it's better to stagger downhill to your bed after a day's sightseeing? For those arriving by bus, this very basic hotel may save them both some dosh and a long uphill hike to the town proper: * WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
Emperor Gebre Mesqel Lalibela. Taddesse Tamrat, ''Church and State in Ethiopia'' (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), p. 62 When deciding on names for her protagonist, LeGrow considered Molly, Charlotte, Moira, Sally, and Diana before choosing Dinah —a reference to the pet cat of the protagonist of Lewis Carroll's novel ''Alice in Wonderland''; the 1984 comedy film ''Johnny Dangerously'' inspired her last name, Wherever. WikiPedia:Lalibela Commons:Lalibela
Manshui Bridge to the southeast. The technological skills associated with making these complex structures moved into China along the trade routes. The Longmen Grottoes, the Mogao Caves and the Yungang Grottoes consist of hundreds of caves many with statues of Buddha in them. Most were built between 460–525 AD. There are extensive rock-cut buildings, including houses and churches in Cappadocia, Turkey. Spiro Kostof, ''Caves of God: the Monastic Environment
'''Lalibela''' is a town in northern Ethiopia that is famous for its 11 monolithic (monolithic church) rock-cut (Rock-cut architecture) churches. Lalibela is one of Ethiopia's holiest cities, second only to Aksum, and is a center of pilgrimage for much of the country. Unlike Aksum, the population of Lalibela is almost completely Ethiopian Orthodox Christian (Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church). The layout and names of the major buildings in Lalibela are widely accepted, especially by the local clergy, to be a symbolic representation of Jerusalem. David W. Phillipson, ''Ancient Churches of Ethiopia'' (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009), p. 181 This has led some experts to date the current form of its churches to the years following the capture of Jerusalem in 1187 by the Muslim soldier Saladin. Phillipson, ''Ancient Churches'', p. 179
Lalibela is located in the Semien Wollo Zone of the Amhara (Amhara Region) ethnic division (Regions of Ethiopia) (or ''kilil'') at roughly 2,500 meters above sea level. It is the main town in Lasta (Lasta (woreda)) woreda, which was formerly part of Bugna woreda.