, Russian Empire death_date WikiPedia:Kutaisi Commons:Category:Kutaisi
: www.georgianbiography.com history4.html publisher Dictionary of Georgian National Biography title The Golden Age Of Georgia accessdate 2008-02-02 or the Georgian Renaissance.
1865 25 December 1864 , Georgia in Kutaisi – 20 December 1934, Leningrad (Saint Petersburg)) was a Georgia (Georgia (country))-born historian and linguist who gained a reputation as a scholar of the Caucasus during the 1910s before developing his linguistic "Japhetic theory" (Japhetic theory (linguistics)) on the origin of language (from 1924) and related speculative linguistic hypotheses. frame Nicholas (Nikoloz) Marr with his mother (Image:Marr mother 1870.jpg) Marr was born in Kutaisi, Georgia (then part of the Russian Empire), in the family of the Scot James Marr (aged more than 80 years) who initiated the botanical garden of the city, and a young Georgian (Georgians) woman named Agrafina Magularia. His parents spoke different languages, and neither of them understood Russian (Russian language). +55%: Kaluga Kiev Kostroma Kutaisi Minsk Mogilev Nizhny Novgorod Podolia Riazan Smolensk Tula (Tula, Russia) Vitebsk Vladimir Volhynia Yaroslavl In the autumn of 1225, Georgia (Georgia (country)) was attacked by the Khwarezmian shah Jelal ad-Din Mingburnu, pursued by the Mongols (Mongol Empire). The Georgians suffered bitter defeat at the Battle of Garni, and the royal court with Queen Rusudan moved to Kutaisi, when the Georgian capital Tbilisi was besieged by the Khwarezmians. A year later Jelal ad-Din (Mingburnu) took Tbilisi on 9 March 1226. The citizens fought courageously and over 100,000 lost their lives when the city fell to the Khwarezmians. The defeated Georgians were ordered to change religion and become Muslims, but refused and almost the whole population of Tbilisi was massacred. In February 1227, the Georgians took advantage of Jelal ad-Din’s failures in Armenia, and retook Tbilisi, but soon were forced to abandon the city – which they themselves had set alight in their battle with the occupation forces. Rusudan made an alliance with the neighbouring Seljuk (Seljuk Turks) rulers of Rüm (Sultanate of Rüm) and Khlat, but the Georgia (Georgia (country))ns were routed by the Khwarezmians at Bolnisi, before the allies could arrive (1228). * WikiPedia:Kutaisi Commons:Category:Kutaisi
mountainous district. Under him, Georgia established close international commercial ties, mainly with the Byzantine Empire, but also with the great European maritime republics, Genoa (Republic of Genoa) and Venice (Republic of Venice). George V died in 1346. He was succeeded by his only son, David IX (David IX of Georgia). He was buried at the Gelati Monastery near Kutaisi, western Georgia (Georgia (country)). In 1462, George took Samokalako ( Kutaisi
social system structure. By the end of the 12th century, the population of Tbilisi had reached 100,000. The city also became an important literary and a cultural center not only for Georgia but for the larger civilized world as well. During Queen Tamar's reign, Shota Rustaveli worked in Tbilisi while writing his legendary epic poem, ''The Knight in the Panther's Skin''. This period is often referred to as "Georgia's Golden Age" WikiPedia:Kutaisi Commons:Category:Kutaisi
for ethnic minorities. Early life The only son of King George II (George II of Georgia) (1072–1089) by his wife Helena, he was born in Kutaisi, western Georgia (Georgia (country)) in 1073. David was raised during one of the darkest chapters of Georgian history (History of Georgia (country)), amidst the strife of the so-called Great Turkish (Turkish people) Onslaught (''didi turkoba'') when the Seljuk (Great Seljuq Empire) tribes began massive migrations to the southern Caucasus
the virtually independent principality of Samtskhe, ruled by his cousin Qvarqvare I Jaqeli. Having restored the kingdom’s unity, he focused now on cultural, social and economic projects. He changed the coins issued by Ghazan khan with the Georgian ones, called George’s tetri. Between 1325 to 1338, he worked out two major law codes, one regulating the relations (Regulations of the Royal Court) at the royal court and the other devised for the peace of a remote and disorderly
Armazi Mtskheta Artanuji (now in Turkey) Kutaisi Tbilisi Gremi Telavi appointer thumb 250px right The Synagogue in Oni (Image:Oni Synagogue.jpg) Despite a post-Soviet tendency towards migration, Oni still retains a small number of Jewish families - remnants of once powerful and large historic Jewish (Georgian Jews) community , Georgia’s third largest, after those
departures to the capital. All Georgia Rail Timetable A ticket with reserved seat costs (passport required for purchase) minimum 5 GEL. Also stops in Mtskheta (old capital of Georgia), Gori (birthplace of Stalin) and Zestafoni. Nice journey but slow due to long intermediate stops. A local, but "fast" train runs from Kutaisi I to '''Batumi''' (listed ''Makhinjauri
St.(26 Maisi St.) ) From the main city square (fountain), Tbilisi street runs towards southeast. Walk uphill until 81 Tbilisi St. and turn left, you see a house with green metal gate at No. 6 of the alley. phone +995 431 243007 tollfree fax hours price 30 GEL per night including breakfast and supper checkin checkout content Run by a retired couple, a large room of their house serves as a dorm, two smaller private rooms are available. Theoretically one may stay to sleep only, alas one is very likely to be treated to the excellent fare the lady of the house serves up as well as the homemade wine the husband produces. I.e. if they like you, you are likely to be treated to one of those infamous Georgian welcomes, heavy on your liver ... They will give you as much chacha, Georgian wine and Georgian food as you can handle. The food is all hand-made and freshly prepared. It is amazing, the hospitality is unparalleled and only the modesty of the facilities leaves anything to be desired. The beds are clean and the house is good by local standards, and the new bathroom was completed by summer 2011 in this friendly homestay. Free WiFi Internet is available, and there is a computer available for use. '''To get there from the main bus station''' (Kutaisi II Railway Station), take a #1 city bus traveling to the right (from McD walk right the same side of street to find the bus stop). The bus pass the Kutaisi I station and go uphill to 26 Maisi Street. Get off at #72 (there is a cross on sidewalk) and you walk into the alley, which is Tbilisi St. 3rd Lane. From Kutaisi I station, take #1 bus or walk out to the right uphill on Solomon Pirveli St. for th 6-7 min up the hill to Tbilisi St. Taxis from the bus station is 5 GEL, but they tend to take you to similarly named guesthouse to get commission. Give them the street address rather than ask for "Suliko's." * WikiPedia:Kutaisi Commons:Category:Kutaisi
'''Kutaisi''' ( west of Tbilisi.