Kufra

What is Kufra known for?


studies+open

at the EU’s Southern Border of Italy and Libya" Central European University, Center for Policy Studies, Open Society Institute, p. 9. Inhuman conditions of detention Kufra jail is defined "Mamadou va a morire"; testimonianze registrate da Gabriele Del Grande, 2007, pp. 126–127. Original quotes in Italian: * ''...un luogo di morte. Quando senti il rumore delle chiavi nella serratura della cella ti si gela il sangue. Devi voltarti verso il muro. Se li guardi


good position

to be the ''condottiere (Condottieri)'' of Italian ambition and extend Italy's new horizons in Africa. Balbo's task was to assert Italy's rights in the indeterminate zones leading to Lake Chad from Tummo in the west and from Kufra in the east towards the Sudan. Balbo had already made a flying visit to Tibesti. By securing the "Tibesti-Borku strip" and the "Sarra Triangle", Italy would be in a good position to demand further territorial concessions in Africa from


quot field

Rohlfs set his camp north of Buema, and since then the locality is known as "Garet-en-Nasrani" ("Field of the Christian" in Arabic). Kufra Airport is located in Buma. *''Ez-Zurgh'', situated 4 km to the south of Al Jawf. It consists of a line of Palm trees (Arecaceae). Until the Italian occupation it was inhabited only by slaves. *''Et-Tleilíb'' and ''Et-Talláb'', both situated to the southwest of Al Jawf. The latter is the farthest from Al Jawf, lying 20 km away. On the north edge of the basin there is the village of El Tag, which means crown in Arabic, which does not contain an oasis. Bertarelli (1929), p. 515. It was founded by Sayyid Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi, the son of the founder of the Senussi order, when he moved to Kufra and is considered the holy place of Senussi. Climate Kufra has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification: ''BWh''). 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


fossil water

irrigation circles seen from SPOT satellite At the beginning of the 1970s, Libya launched in Kufra a great cultivation project aimed at developing agriculture in the desert. LEPA irrigation (Irrigation#Center pivot) is provided by fossil water beneath the ground surface, the Nubian Sandstone Aquifer System, a non-renewable source and the only accessible water resource in the area. Rotors (high sprinkler that rotates) provide irrigation and the obtained circles have a diameter of about 1 km and can be observed from space. This is one of Libya's largest agricultural (agriculture) projects. Because only about 2 percent of Libya's land receives enough rainfall to be cultivated, this project uses the underground aquifer. The green circles in the desert frequently indicate tracts of agriculture supported by center-pivot irrigation. The agricultural project is an easy-to-recognize landmark for orbiting astronauts aboard the International Space Station. 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


historical analysis

at Kufra and Jalo (Jalo oasis) oases in the Libyan Desert. "In 1947, the Sudanese military schools were closed, and the number of Sudanese troops was reduced to 7,570. Youssef Aboul-Enein, The Sudanese Army: a historical analysis and discussion on religious politicization, U.S. Army ''Infantry'' magazine, July–August 2004 In 1948, the first Arab-Israeli War broke out. Sudanese


original research


514

footnotes '''Kufra''' is a basin (Depression (geology)) Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. and oasis group in the Kufra District of southeastern Cyrenaica in Libya. At the end of nineteenth century Kufra became the center and holy place of the Senussi order. It also played a minor role in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. It is located in a particularly isolated area

centres of population. From it raids were made on French territory. In 1907 a French column from Kanem entered Bourku, but after capturing Am Galakka, the principal Senussi station, retired. The city lies in the largest oasis in the Kufra basin. Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. It is one of the most heavily irrigated oases (oasis) in the Sahara. thumb left Crown Prince Hasan shaking hands with Hussein Maziq (File:Hassan ar Reda Wedding.jpg), governor


strip quot

to be the ''condottiere (Condottieri)'' of Italian ambition and extend Italy's new horizons in Africa. Balbo's task was to assert Italy's rights in the indeterminate zones leading to Lake Chad from Tummo in the west and from Kufra in the east towards the Sudan. Balbo had already made a flying visit to Tibesti. By securing the "Tibesti-Borku strip" and the "Sarra Triangle", Italy would be in a good position to demand further territorial concessions in Africa from France (French Third Republic) and Britain (United Kingdom). Mussolini even had his sights set on the former German (Empire of Germany) colony of Kamerun. From 1922, the colony had become the League of Nations mandate territories of French Cameroun (Cameroun) and British Cameroons (Cameroons). Mussolini pictured an Italian Cameroon (Cameroon) and a territorial corridor connecting that territory to Libya. An Italian Cameroon would give Italy a port on the Atlantic Ocean, the mark of a world power. Ultimately, control of the Suez Canal and of Gibraltar would complete the picture. Kelly, Saul, ''The Lost Oasis'', p. 102 thumb right 240px Al Kufrah borders from 2001 to 2007 (File:Libyen Al Kufrah.png) '''Kufra''' or '''Kofra''' ( 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


long battle

War started and, after the Suez Canal was closed to Italian shipping, connections with Italian East Africa became mainly aerial, using Kufra and its strategic location. Kufra, thanks to its key role for the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito (World War II)), soon became a target for the Allies, with Free France and British desert troops beginning a long battle for its conquest. On 31 January 1941 Pat Clayton, an explorer recruited by British Intelligence, was captured


campaign supporting

, but the Equatoria Corps in the south was composed of Christians. Maj Gen L G Whistler (Lashmer Whistler), The Sudan Defence Force, British Army Review, Issue 6, July 1951 - state at that point four infantry camel units, signals regiment, AA artillery regiment, other units During World War II, the SDF augmented allied forces engaging Italians in Ethiopia. They also served during the Western Desert Campaign, supporting Free French and Long Range Desert Group operations

Kufra

'''Kufra''' is a basin (Depression (geology)) Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. and oasis group in the Kufra District of southeastern Cyrenaica in Libya. At the end of nineteenth century Kufra became the center and holy place of the Senussi order. It also played a minor role in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II.

It is located in a particularly isolated area, not only because it is in the middle of the Sahara Desert but also because it is surrounded on three sides by depressions (Depression (geology)) which make it dominate the passage in east-west land traffic across the desert. For the colonial Italians, it was also important as a station on the north-south air traffic to Italian East Africa. These factors, along with Kufra's dominance of the southeastern Cyrenaica region of Libya, explains the oasis' strategic importance and why it was a point of conflict (Battle of Kufra) during World War II.

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