in Lithuanian Spartakiada; in 1981 and 1982 they became runner-ups of newspaper "Sport" championship, and also in 1983 they became champions of Soviet Union Professional Union (Professional association) championship. * Kaunas „LKKA-Atletas“ (BC LKKA-Atletas) * Klaipėda „Nafta-Universitetas“ (Nafta-Universitetas) * Šilutė „Šilutė“ (BC Šilutė) - 2005–2006 season Vilniaus (Vilnius) „Akademija-MRU“ (BC Akademija-MRU) http
, Lithuania, served by DFDS Lisco), *Baltiysk (Pillau, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, served by DFDS Lisco), Suchet is the brother of John Suchet, a national news presenter for Five News and Breakfast Show Presenter on Classic FM (January 2011). British Library Archival Sound Recordings. Sounds.bl.uk. Retrieved on 13 February 2009. ref>
;" 2014 style "text-align:right;" 157,350 thumb right 200px Klaipėda city seal, 1446 (diameter ). From the Archive of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, Berlin (File:Klaipėda seal.png). The coat of arms of Klaipėda is also used as coat of arms of Klaipėda city municipality. The modern version was created by the designer Kęstutis Mickevičius. The modern coat of arms was created by restoring old seals of the Memel city
that Germany would make a move against Lithuania to reacquire the region. German Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop delivered an ultimatum (1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania) to the Lithuanian Foreign Minister on 20 March 1939, demanding the surrender of Klaipėda. Lithuania, unable to secure international support for its cause, submitted to the ultimatum and, in exchange for the right to use the new harbour facilities as a Free Port, ceded the disputed region to Germany in the late
and redecorated a special school. ''Sheffield'' returned home on 26 July. This table lists statistics (2002) (Świnoujście, Szczecin and Helsinki (Port of Helsinki) - 2004, Lübeck and Rostock - 2005, Gdynia (Port of Gdynia) - 2006, Klaipėda, Gdańsk, Riga, Liepāja
in the Treaty of Melno in 1422. Prussia took a leading part in the French Revolutionary Wars, but remained quiet for more than a decade due to the Peace of Basel of 1795, only to go once more to war with France in 1806 as negotiations with that country over the allocation of the spheres of influence in Germany failed. Prussia suffered a devastating defeat against Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I of France)'s troops in the Battle of Jena-Auerstedt, leading Frederick William III and his family to flee temporarily to Memel (Klaipėda). Under the Treaties of Tilsit in 1807, the state lost about one third of its area, including the areas gained from the second and third Partitions of Poland, which now fell to the Duchy of Warsaw. Beyond that, the king was obliged to pay a large indemnity, to cap his army at 42,000 men, and to allow French troops to be garrisoned throughout Prussia, effectively making the Kingdom a French satellite. Clark, ''Iron Kingdom'' ch 11 *'''Fishing and hunting songs'''. Fishing songs are about the sea, the bay, the fisherman, his boat, the net, and they often mention seaside place names, such as Klaipėda or Rusnė. The emotions of young people in love are often portrayed in ways that are unique only to fishing songs. The monophonic melodies are typical of singing traditions of the seaside regions of Lithuania. Hunting motifs are very clearly expressed in hunting songs. The region is located in northwestern Lithuania in the territories of Palanga city municipality, Rietavas municipality, Tauragė district municipality, Šilalė district municipality, Skuodas district municipality, Jurbarkas district municipality, Mažeikiai district municipality, Kretinga district municipality, Plungė district municipality, Telšiai district municipality, Akmenė district municipality, Kelmė district municipality, Šiauliai district municipality, Raseiniai district municipality, eastern parts of Klaipėda district municipality and Šilutė district municipality, western part of Joniškis district municipality, also the Šiauliai city municipality. The largest city is Šiauliai, or Klaipėda if the latter is considered in the region. Telšiai is the capital (Capital (political)), although Medininkai (now ''Varniai'') was once the capital of the Eldership of Samogitia. The largest cities (those with over 20,000 inhabitants) are (Samogitian (Samogitian language) name, if different, is provided after slash): *Šiauliai Šiaulē (133,883 inhabitants) Currently Samogitia is represented by the Samogitian cultural society, a group interested in preserving Samogitian culture and language, and the ''Žemaitijos parlamentas'' (literally Parliament of Samogitia), which concerns itself with regional autonomy based on historical claims. These claims often include the Klaipėda region in the interwar and would claim Klaipėda rather than Telšiai as the capital. The same group, led by Justinas Burba and having a small membership, has also published the controversial newspaper ''Žemaitijos parlamentas'', which raised the idea that the European Union should repay Samogitia for its defense of Europe against the Mongols. On November 18, 1990, on the eve of the Paris Summit where the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty (Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe) and the Vienna Document on Confidence and Security-Building Measures (CSBMs) were signed, Soviet data were presented under the so-called initial data exchange. This showed a rather sudden emergence of three so-called coastal defence divisions (including the 3rd at Klaipėda in the Baltic Military District, the 126th in the Odessa Military District and possibly the 77th with the Northern Fleet), along with three artillery brigades regiments, subordinate to the Soviet Navy, which had previously been unknown as such to NATO. IISS Military Balance 1991–1992, p.30-1 Much of the equipment, which was commonly understood to be treaty limited (TLE) was declared to be part of the naval infantry. The Soviet argument was that the CFE excluded all naval forces, including its permanently land-based components. The Soviet Government eventually became convinced that its position could not be maintained. During World War I, about 65% of the buildings were burned down and the city center was destroyed. After the war and re-establishment of Lithuania, the importance of Šiauliai grew. Before Klaipėda was attached to Lithuania, the city was second after Kaunas by population size. By 1929 the city center was rebuilt. Modern utilities were also included: streets were lighted, it had public transportation, telephone and telegraph lines, water supply network and sewer (sanitary sewer). Background An invading Imperial Russian army of 70,000–75,000 men, led by Field-Marshal Stepan Fedorovich Apraksin, took Memel (Klaipėda) after a five-day bombardment and, using the fortress as a ''place d'armes'', invaded East Prussia. Apraksin, cautious and lacking war experience, was reluctant to commit his troops to battle. Instead of marching on Wehlau (Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast), as was expected, he ordered his forces to cross the Pregel River in safety, near the village of Gross-Jägersdorf (Abandoned in 1945 and away 5 km southwest from Mezhdurechye (Norkitten) and placed on municipality of Svoboda (Jänischken, Jänichen between 1938–1945) in Chernyakhovsky District). The Russians set the surrounding villages on fire in order to conceal their actions. In 1833 Steenke built a canal, the Seckenburger Kanal, in the Memel (Klaipėda) (Klaipėda) area. He designed the Oberländischer Kanal (now called Elbląg Canal), which was built between 1844–58 from the Drausensee (Drużno) (Drużno) to the Drewenz (Drwęca) (Drwęca) River. Inaugurated in 1860, it connected the cities of Deutsch Eylau (Iława) (Iława), Osterode (Ostróda) (Ostróda), and Elbing (Elbląg) (Elbląg). It connected territories with about 100 yards differences in heights by putting ships on carriage carts on tracks and using pulley wheels and cables to have the ships glide up the hills. * WikiPedia:Klaipėda Commons:Category:Klaipėda
, the Memelland (Klaipėda Region) (modern Klaipėda, Lithuania), and the Free City of Danzig, together with the return of the former German colonies (German colonial empire) in Africa, to Germany. At the same time, Goerdeler became a member of General Ludwig Beck's private intelligence network. Müller, Klaus-Jürgen "The Structure and Nature of the National Conservative Opposition in Germany up to 1940" pages 133-178 from ''Aspects of the Third Reich'' edited
Basketball Lithuanian Basketball League (LKL), Baltic Basketball League (BBL (Baltic Basketball League)) Švyturio Arena - BC Naglis Basketball Lithuanian Basketball League (LKL), Baltic Basketball League (BBL (Baltic Basketball League)) Neptūnas Hall - Nafta-Uni-Laivitė Basketball National Basketball League (NKL (National Basketball League (Lithuania))) Žalgirio sporto rūmai - Tekoda Basketball Regional Basketball League ( RKL
) Žalgirio sporto rūmai - LCC TU Basketball Regional Basketball League (RKL) Michaelsen Centre - Lemminkainen (Klaipėdos Lemminkainen) Basketball Lithuanian Women Basketball League (LMKL) Žalgirio Sporto Rūmai - Dragūnas Handball (Team Handball) Lithuanian Handball League (LRL) Neptūnas Hall - Kuršiai Rugby (rugby football) Lithuanian Rugby Union (Rugby union in Lithuania) I Group Žalgiris Stadium (Klaipėda
and composer of Catcerto for Nora the Piano Cat * Tomas Danilevičius (born 1978), Lithuanian football (soccer) player * Eurelijus Žukauskas (born 1973), European basketball champion * Saulius Štombergas (born 1973), European basketball champion * Violeta "Sati" Jurkonienė (Sati (Lithuanian singer)) (born 1976), Lithuanian singer * Arvydas Macijauskas (born 1980), European basketball champion * Tomas Delininkaitis (born 1982), basketball player * Tomas Vaitkus (born
; ref and for the third time in the Treaty of Melno of 1422 as ''Cleupeda''. According to Samogitian (Samogitian language) folk etymology, the name ''Klaipėda'' refers to the boggy terrain of the town (''klaidyti'' obstruct and ''pėda'' foot). Most likely the name is of Curonian (Curonian language) origin and means "even ground": "klais klait" (flat, open, free) and "ped" (sole of the foot, ground). The lower reaches of the Neman River were
by the municipal company Liepājas tramvajs. The Port of Liepāja has a wide water area and consists of three main parts. The Winter harbor is located in the Trade channel and serves small local fishing vessels as well as medium cargo ships. Immediately north of the Trade channel is the main area of the port, separated from the open sea by a line of breakwater (Breakwater (structure))s. This part of the port can accommodate large ships and ferries. Further north is Tosmare harbor, also called Tosmare channel, which was formerly a military harbor but is now used for ship repairs and other commercial purposes. Liepāja also welcomes yachts and other leisure vessels which can enter the Trade channel and moor almost in the center of the city. Liepāja has a railway connection to Jelgava and Riga and through them to the rest of Latvia's railway network. There is just one passenger station in the New town, but the railway extends further and links to the port. There is also a northward railway track leading to Ventspils, but in recent decades it has fallen into disuse for economic reasons. The railway provides the main means of delivering cargo to the port. Two main highways, the A9 and A11 (List of National Roads in Latvia), connect the city and its port to the rest of the country. The A9 leads north-west towards Riga and central Latvia and the A11 leads south to the border with Lithuania and its only port Klaipėda and to Palanga International Airport. The city also hosts Liepāja International Airport, one of three international airports in Latvia; it is located outside the city limits, north of the Lake of Liepāja near Cimdenieki. Only charter races are available from the Liepāja airport. Highways Kaunas is served by a number of major motorways. European route E67 is a highway running from Prague in the Czech Republic to Helsinki in Finland by way of Poland, Kaunas Lithuania, Riga (Latvia), and Tallinn (Estonia). It is known as the Via Baltica (European route E67) between Warsaw and Tallinn, a distance of 670 kilometres (420 mi). It is the most important road connection between the Baltic states. Kaunas also is linked to Vilnius to its east and Klaipėda, on the Baltic Sea, via the A1 (A1 highway (Lithuania)) motorway and Daugavpils (Latvia), via E262 (European route E262)(A6 (A6 highway (Lithuania))) highway. Germany Only at Sassnitz Mukran ferry terminal for freight train ferries to Klaipėda and Baltijsk. - For eight years, (1621–1629), the exhausting and expensive Polish War dragged on. Swedish Livonia was conquered by the beginning of 1626, and the theatre of hostilities was transferred to the Prussian provinces of Poland. The fertile and easily defensible delta of the Vistula was now occupied and Gustavus treated it as a permanent conquest, making his great Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna its first Governor-General (Governor-General in the Swedish Realm). But this was the limit of the Swedish advance. All Gustavus' further efforts were frustrated by the superior strategy of the Polish hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski, and in June 1629, the king gladly accepted the lucrative Treaty of Altmark. By this truce Sweden was, for six years, to retain possession of its Livonian conquests, besides holding Elbling (Elbląg), the Vistula delta, Braniewo in West, and Pillau and Memel (Klaipėda) in Prussia (Duchy of Prussia), with the right to levy tolls at Pillau, Memel (Klaipėda), Danzig (Gdańsk), Labiau and Windau (Ventspils). From these tolls Gustavus derived, in 1629 alone, 500,000 Riksdalers, a sum equivalent to the whole of the extraordinary subsidies granted to him by the Riksdag (Parliament of Sweden). For eight years, (1621–1629), the exhausting and expensive Polish War dragged on. Swedish Livonia was conquered by the beginning of 1626, and the theatre of hostilities was transferred to the Prussian provinces of Poland. The fertile and easily defensible delta of the Vistula was now occupied and Gustavus treated it as a permanent conquest, making his great Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna its first Governor-General (Governor-General in the Swedish Realm). But this was the limit of the Swedish advance. All Gustavus' further efforts were frustrated by the superior strategy of the Polish hetman Stanisław Koniecpolski, and in June 1629, the king gladly accepted the lucrative Treaty of Altmark. By this truce Sweden was, for six years, to retain possession of its Livonian conquests, besides holding Elbling (Elbląg), the Vistula delta, Braniewo in West, and Pillau and Memel (Klaipėda) in Prussia (Duchy of Prussia), with the right to levy tolls at Pillau, Memel (Klaipėda), Danzig (Gdańsk), Labiau and Windau (Ventspils). From these tolls Gustavus derived, in 1629 alone, 500,000 Riksdalers, a sum equivalent to the whole of the extraordinary subsidies granted to him by the Riksdag (Parliament of Sweden). At first Frederick William and his advisors attempted to pursue a policy of neutrality in the Napoleonic Wars. Although they succeeded in keeping out of the Third Coalition in 1805, eventually Frederick William was swayed by the belligerent attitude of the queen, who led Prussia's pro-war party, and entered into war in October 1806. On 14 October 1806, at the Battle of Jena-Auerstädt, the French defeated the Prussian army led by Frederick William, and the Prussian army collapsed. The royal family fled to Memel (Klaipėda), East Prussia, where they fell on the mercy of Emperor Alexander I of Russia (who, rumour has it, had fallen in love with Queen Luise). * WikiPedia:Klaipėda Commons:Category:Klaipėda
'''Klaipėda''' ( (former German name: Memel) is a city in Lithuania situated at the mouth of the Danė River where it flows into the Baltic Sea. It is the third largest city in Lithuania and the capital of Klaipėda County.
The city has a complex recorded history, partially due to the combined regional importance of the Port of Klaipėda, a usually ice-free port on the Baltic Sea, and the Akmena – Danė River. It has been controlled by the Teutonic Knights, the Duchy of Prussia, the Kingdom of Prussia, the German Empire, the Entente (Triple Entente) States immediately after World War I, Lithuania as a result of the 1923 Klaipėda Revolt, and the Third Reich following the 1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania. The city was incorporated into Lithuania during its time as a Soviet Socialist Republic and has remained within Lithuania following its re-establishment as an independent state.
The population shrank from 207,100 in 1992 to 157,350 in 2014. Popular seaside resorts found close to Klaipėda are Nida (Nida (town)) to the south on the Curonian Spit, and Palanga to the north.