. He originates from poor family. During his childhood he lost his father. He attended high school in his hometown. As with many poor children, he went to Belgrade in 1992 to work. Hard living conditions influenced him to join workers' movement. He was also influenced by his colleagues who, at the time when Communist Party was banned, brought communist magazines and literature with them, which were read by Ranković. At 15 he joined the union. In 1927 he met his future wife Anđa, and year
the conflict was waged through educational and religious propaganda, with a fierce rivalry developing between supporters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, who generally identified as Greek, and supporters of the Bulgarian Exarchate, which had been established by the Ottomans in 1870. In 1894, an organization known as the as the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) was founded by Bulgarian anti-Ottoman
. The People's Radical Party formed in 1881 was the strongest political party and was in power in the Kingdom of Serbia more than all others together. The 1888 Constitution of the Kingdom of Serbia that defined it as an independent nation and formalized parliamentary democracy was among the most advanced in the entire world, due to Radical contribution, it's known as ''The Radical Constitution''. In 1902 a crack had occurred in which the Independent Radical Party left and "the Olde
occupation and collaboration. Biography Miroslav Krleža was born in Zagreb, modern-day Croatia. He enrolled in a preparatory military school in Pécs, modern-day Hungary. At that time, Pécs and Zagreb were within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Subsequently, he attended the Ludoviceum military academy at Budapest. He defected to Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia) in 1912 as a volunteer for the Serbian army, but was dismissed as a suspected spy. Upon his return to Croatia, he
by Austro-Hungarian army and had its population halved (from cca. 14,000 to 7,000). The World War I is also remembered for the battle on nearby Cer (Cer (mountain)) mountain where the Serbian army under general Stepa Stepanović won an early victory against Austria-Hungary in August 1914, the first Allied victory in the war. After the war, Šabac was decorated with French War Cross with Palm (Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (France)) (1920), Czechoslovak
that his marginal involvement in the political intrigues had made him a target for Bădărău's adversity. I. Vianu, p.34-35, 38-40 Other eccentricities Caragiale adopted included wearing a "princely gown" of his own design, developing unusual speech patterns, as well as a noted love for decorations—official honors which he tried to obtain for himself on several occasions, culminating in the ''Légion d'honneur'' award
to exist. On 1 December 1918, the National Council joined the state with the Kingdom of Serbia (which also included the territory of former Kingdom of Montenegro within its borders) to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Count Ulrich II of Cilli (Ulrich II, Count of Celje) was the most powerful member of the Cilli family. In 1432 he married Catherine, daughter of the Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) despot Đurađ Branković. Ulrich held a large influence in many courts
known as Yugoslavia-- event1 Serbo-Bulgarian War date_event1 14 November 1885 event2 Balkan Wars date_event2 1912–1913 event3 Treaty of London (Treaty of London (1913)) date_event3 30 May 1913 event4 Serbian Campaign (Serbian Campaign (World War I)) date_event4 1914–1918 event_post date_post p1
(1878) Treaty of Berlin was amended to accept the new status quo bringing the crisis to an end. The crisis permanently damaged relations between Austria-Hungary on the one hand and Russia and Serbia on the other. The annexation and reactions to the annexation were contributing causes of World War I. Balkan Wars and ensuing changes File:Serbian greater expansion 1913.png thumb Territorial expansion of the Kingdom of Serbia in 1913
. Serbia, victorious in two Balkan Wars, gained significant territorial areas of the Central Balkans and almost doubled its territory. During the Balkan Wars of 1912, most of Kosovo was taken from the Ottoman Empire by Serbia while the region of Metohija (known as the Dukagjini Valley to ethnic-Albanians) was taken by Montenegro. Populations of ethnic Serbs and Albanians tended to shift following territorial conquests. As a result of the multi-ethnic composition of Kosovo, the new
to exist. On 1 December 1918, the National Council joined the state with the Kingdom of Serbia (which also included the territory of former Kingdom of Montenegro within its borders) to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Count Ulrich II of Cilli (Ulrich II, Count of Celje) was the most powerful member of the Cilli family. In 1432 he married Catherine, daughter of the Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) despot Đurađ Branković. Ulrich held a large influence in many courts, which originated from the relationships the Cilli family had made in the past. Upon the death of the Habsburg king Albert II (Albert II of Germany) in 1439, he tried to get regency of Hungary, Bohemia and Austria through control over Albert's minor son Ladislaus the Posthumous. With such ambitions he got many opponents and rivals, such as the Hungarian Hunyadi family. After an unsuccessful claim to the Bosnian crown, Cilli obtained some territories in Croatia and Slavonia and in 1452 finally succeeded in forcing Emperor Frederick III (Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor) to hand over the boy king Ladislaus to his keeping. Thus, Ulrich II became ''de facto'' regent of Hungary. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.
of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars , members of the Narodna Odbrana have committed serious war crimes against the civilian population. Report of the International Commission to Inquire into the Causes and Conduct of the Balkan Wars (p. 169) In Skopje there was a central committee of "National Defense". A population of Skopje called their headquarters "Black House", after the "Black Hand"
The '''Kingdom of Serbia''' ( ) was created when Prince Milan Obrenović (Milan I of Serbia), ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned king in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty from 1817 onwards (at times replaced by the Karađorđević dynasty). The Principality, suzerain (suzerainty) to the Porte (Sublime_Porte), had expelled all Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) troops by 1867, de facto securing its independence. The Congress of Berlin (Treaty of Berlin (1878)) in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia.
In 1918, Serbia joined with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as Yugoslavia) under the rule of the Karađorđević dynasty.