Kingdom of Serbia

What is Kingdom of Serbia known for?


characters representing

of Serbia (1941–1944).svg Serbia under German occupation (1941–1944) The game has 30 characters representing a cross-section of European forces at the time, including Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) freedom fighters, a German (German Empire) arms dealer, a Russian (Russian Empire) anarchist, a suspicious Austrian (Austria-Hungary) concert violinist, a Persian eunuch and his private harem, a mysterious art collector and others. ref name "Behind the Scenes"


military resistance

monument erected by German general Mackensen to the Serbian defenders of Belgrade thumb left In October 1915, Mackensen, in command of the newly formed Army Group Mackensen (''Heeresgruppe Mackensen'', which included the German 11th army, Austro-Hungarian 3rd army, and Bulgarian 1st army), led a renewed German-Austro-Hungarian (Austria-Hungary)-Bulgarian campaign against Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia). The campaign finally crushed effective military resistance in Serbia but failed to destroy


main religious

11, 1903 Kingdom of Serbia Assassinated (Alexander I of Serbia#Assassination) with Queen Draga (Draga Obrenović) in the May Overthrow. End of Obrenović Dynasty (House of Obrenović). -- thumb 300px left Map of demographic distribution of main religious confessions in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia Croatia (File:Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro religious demographics map, 1901.png), Dalmatia (Kingdom of Dalmatia), Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina (Austro-Hungarian condominium)), Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia) and Montenegro (Kingdom of Montenegro) in 1901: - 1 December The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs joins with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Montenegro to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (SHS). Today it is believed that this was a great historical fault although at that time this was probably the only sensible decision because Italy according to the London Pact with the victorious Entente (Triple Entente) forces from 1915 without bias occupied Primorska, Istria (''Istra'') and Zadar in Dalmatia and Serbia was pressing for unification. - Maister was born in the Upper Carniolan commercial town of Kamnik, then part of Austria-Hungary. A career soldier, during World War I, he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army. In 1917, he was sent to Graz promoted to the rank of a major. In 1918, near the end of the war when it was obvious that Austria-Hungary was losing, the city council of Maribor proclaimed the annexation of Maribor to Austria. Maister organized Slovene volunteer forces of 4000 soldiers and 200 officers and in the night of 23 November 1918 seized control of the city of Maribor and the surrounding region of Lower Styria. This date has been recognized as a state holiday in Slovenia since 2005. The Slovene National Council for Lower Styria awarded him the rank of general on November 1. The German-speaking city was thus secured for the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which united with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1. On 25 November 1918, the ''Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs of Vojvodina'' in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia. Since 1 December 1918, Novi Sad was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia); and in 1929, it became the capital of the Danube Banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1921, population of Novi Sad numbered 39,122 inhabitants, of whom 16,293 spoke Serbian language, 12,991 Hungarian, 6,373 German, 1,117 Slovak, etc. Agneš Ozer, Život i istorija u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 2005, page 15. Language In most countries, the language used for celebrating the Tridentine Mass was (and is) Latin. However, in Dalmatia (corresponding approximately to present-day Croatia) the liturgy was celebrated in Church Slavonic, and authorisation for use of this language was extended to some other Slavic regions between 1886 and 1935. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


classical studies

The provincial at Rome: and, Rome and the Balkans 80BC-AD14, Liverpool University Press, Classical Studies and Ancient History, Authors Ronald Syme, Anthony Richard Birley, Publisher University of Exeter Press, 1999, ISBN 0859896323, 130.


rivalry developing

the conflict was waged through educational and religious propaganda, with a fierce rivalry developing between supporters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, who generally identified as Greek, and supporters of the Bulgarian Exarchate, which had been established by the Ottomans in 1870. In 1894, an organization known as the as the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) was founded by Bulgarian anti-Ottoman


quot contribution

showing atrocities against Serbian people. Thanks to this modernisation, children begin to be educated in Sarajevo, and later some of them continue their studies in Vienna. They bring home ideas from the rest of the world and, along with the newspapers that are now available in Višegrad, nationalistic ideas emerge, especially among Serbs. Another "contribution" to these changes is the crisis of the year 1908, when troubles in Turkey give Austria an excellent opportunity to formally annex Bosnia and Herzegovina. During this Annexation Crisis, it becomes evident that Austria sees the Kingdom of Serbia and its royal dynasty, the Karađorđevićs (House of Karađorđević), as a serious obstacle to their further conquest of the Balkans. The Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913, when Turkey was almost completely pushed out of the Balkans, do not help to foster better relations between Serbs and Austrians, as they undermine the significance of the middle span of the bridge, with its friendly inter-ethnic relationships and camaraderie. Many young Serbian men pass over it at night and smuggle themselves across the border to Serbia. The reader never learns if the most famous of them, Gavrilo Princip, passes across this bridge, although historically it would have been a possibility. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


work hard

. He originates from poor family. During his childhood he lost his father. He attended high school in his hometown. As with many poor children, he went to Belgrade in 1992 to work. Hard living conditions influenced him to join workers' movement. He was also influenced by his colleagues who, at the time when Communist Party was banned, brought communist magazines and literature with them, which were read by Ranković. At 15 he joined the union. In 1927 he met his future wife Anđa, and year


liberal political

and Yugoslavia. During the last twenty years of his life, his relationship with the conservative Catholic clergy worsened, as did the quality of his literary work. He continued to enjoy full support from the liberal (Liberalism in Slovenia) political establishment in Carniola, led by Ivan Tavčar and Ivan Hribar. His friendship with the Swedish (Swedish people) slavist and historian Alfred Anton Jensen opened him the doors to international recognition: his poems were published in Sweden, Russia (Russian Empire), Galicia (Galicia (Central Europe)), Croatia, Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia), and in the Czech Lands. However, he started losing his influence over younger Slovenian authors. He rejected the poetry of Dragotin Kette and Josip Murn and entered in a dispute with the poet Oton Župančič, from which he came as a clear loser. The young writer Ivan Cankar, whom Aškerc admired, also published several critically sarcastic essays on Aškerc's late poetry, in which he targeted Aškerc as being the symptom of the decay of old the Slovenian provincial national-liberal élite. The concept of a Greater Croatia was developed further The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


political program

;ref Buisson (1999) (#buisson_1999), pp. 63-65 The idea of territorial expansion of Serbia originally formulated 1844 in Načertanije, a secret political program of the Principality of Serbia, according to which the new Serbian state could include the neighboring areas of Montenegro, Northern Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


defensive victory

in an important Bulgarian defensive victory. Balkan Wars thumb 150px Territorial expansion of Kingdom of Serbia Serbia (Image:Serbia after Balkan Wars.jpg) after Balkan Wars. Immediately after annexation of Vardar Macedonia to the Kingdom of Serbia, the Macedonian Slavs were faced with the policy of forced serbianisation. Dejan Djokić

Kingdom of Serbia

The '''Kingdom of Serbia''' ( ) was created when Prince Milan Obrenović (Milan I of Serbia), ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned king in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty from 1817 onwards (at times replaced by the Karađorđević dynasty). The Principality, suzerain (suzerainty) to the Porte (Sublime_Porte), had expelled all Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) troops by 1867, de facto securing its independence. The Congress of Berlin (Treaty of Berlin (1878)) in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia.

In 1918, Serbia joined with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as Yugoslavia) under the rule of the Karađorđević dynasty.

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