Kingdom of Serbia

What is Kingdom of Serbia known for?


powerful member

to exist. On 1 December 1918, the National Council joined the state with the Kingdom of Serbia (which also included the territory of former Kingdom of Montenegro within its borders) to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Count Ulrich II of Cilli (Ulrich II, Count of Celje) was the most powerful member of the Cilli family. In 1432 he married Catherine, daughter of the Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) despot Đurađ Branković. Ulrich held a large influence in many courts, which originated from the relationships the Cilli family had made in the past. Upon the death of the Habsburg king Albert II (Albert II of Germany) in 1439, he tried to get regency of Hungary, Bohemia and Austria through control over Albert's minor son Ladislaus the Posthumous. With such ambitions he got many opponents and rivals, such as the Hungarian Hunyadi family. After an unsuccessful claim to the Bosnian crown, Cilli obtained some territories in Croatia and Slavonia and in 1452 finally succeeded in forcing Emperor Frederick III (Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor) to hand over the boy king Ladislaus to his keeping. Thus, Ulrich II became ''de facto'' regent of Hungary. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


wars

known as Yugoslavia-- event1 Serbo-Bulgarian War date_event1 14 November 1885 event2 Balkan Wars date_event2 1912–1913 event3 Treaty of London (Treaty of London (1913)) date_event3 30 May 1913 event4 Serbian Campaign (Serbian Campaign (World War I)) date_event4 1914–1918 event_post date_post p1

(1878) Treaty of Berlin was amended to accept the new status quo bringing the crisis to an end. The crisis permanently damaged relations between Austria-Hungary on the one hand and Russia and Serbia on the other. The annexation and reactions to the annexation were contributing causes of World War I. Balkan Wars and ensuing changes File:Serbian greater expansion 1913.png thumb Territorial expansion of the Kingdom of Serbia in 1913

. Serbia, victorious in two Balkan Wars, gained significant territorial areas of the Central Balkans and almost doubled its territory. During the Balkan Wars of 1912, most of Kosovo was taken from the Ottoman Empire by Serbia while the region of Metohija (known as the Dukagjini Valley to ethnic-Albanians) was taken by Montenegro. Populations of ethnic Serbs and Albanians tended to shift following territorial conquests. As a result of the multi-ethnic composition of Kosovo, the new


original song

from 2009-05-19) url http: www.parlament.gov.rs content lat akta akta_detalji.asp?Id 549&t Z accessdate 2009-06-26 language Serbian The original song was written in 1872 with music by Davorin Jenko and lyrics by Jovan Đorđević. It was then a piece for the theater play "Marko kazuje na kome je carstvo" (Marko (Kraljević Marko) names the Emperor), and its immense popularity with audiences prompted its adoption as the Serbian national anthem. While being


important acts

by Yugoslav partisans and until April 1945, important acts of the Syrmian Front were fought near the town. The Yugoslav Partisans mined the local Catholic church during the offensive in late 1944. Obnova crkve Presvetog Srca Isusova u Šidu, Slobodna Dalmacija Since 1944, the town is part of Vojvodina, which (from 1945) was an autonomous province of Serbia and Yugoslavia. During the last twenty years of his life, his relationship with the conservative Catholic clergy worsened, as did the quality of his literary work. He continued to enjoy full support from the liberal (Liberalism in Slovenia) political establishment in Carniola, led by Ivan Tavčar and Ivan Hribar. His friendship with the Swedish (Swedish people) slavist and historian Alfred Anton Jensen opened him the doors to international recognition: his poems were published in Sweden, Russia (Russian Empire), Galicia (Galicia (Central Europe)), Croatia, Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia), and in the Czech Lands. However, he started losing his influence over younger Slovenian authors. He rejected the poetry of Dragotin Kette and Josip Murn and entered in a dispute with the poet Oton Župančič, from which he came as a clear loser. The young writer Ivan Cankar, whom Aškerc admired, also published several critically sarcastic essays on Aškerc's late poetry, in which he targeted Aškerc as being the symptom of the decay of old the Slovenian provincial national-liberal élite. The concept of a Greater Croatia was developed further The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


main religious

11, 1903 Kingdom of Serbia Assassinated (Alexander I of Serbia#Assassination) with Queen Draga (Draga Obrenović) in the May Overthrow. End of Obrenović Dynasty (House of Obrenović). -- thumb 300px left Map of demographic distribution of main religious confessions in Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia Croatia (File:Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia and Montenegro religious demographics map, 1901.png), Dalmatia (Kingdom of Dalmatia), Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina (Austro-Hungarian condominium)), Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia) and Montenegro (Kingdom of Montenegro) in 1901: - 1 December The State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs joins with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Montenegro to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (SHS). Today it is believed that this was a great historical fault although at that time this was probably the only sensible decision because Italy according to the London Pact with the victorious Entente (Triple Entente) forces from 1915 without bias occupied Primorska, Istria (''Istra'') and Zadar in Dalmatia and Serbia was pressing for unification. - Maister was born in the Upper Carniolan commercial town of Kamnik, then part of Austria-Hungary. A career soldier, during World War I, he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army. In 1917, he was sent to Graz promoted to the rank of a major. In 1918, near the end of the war when it was obvious that Austria-Hungary was losing, the city council of Maribor proclaimed the annexation of Maribor to Austria. Maister organized Slovene volunteer forces of 4000 soldiers and 200 officers and in the night of 23 November 1918 seized control of the city of Maribor and the surrounding region of Lower Styria. This date has been recognized as a state holiday in Slovenia since 2005. The Slovene National Council for Lower Styria awarded him the rank of general on November 1. The German-speaking city was thus secured for the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which united with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1. On 25 November 1918, the ''Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs of Vojvodina'' in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia. Since 1 December 1918, Novi Sad was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Kingdom of Yugoslavia); and in 1929, it became the capital of the Danube Banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1921, population of Novi Sad numbered 39,122 inhabitants, of whom 16,293 spoke Serbian language, 12,991 Hungarian, 6,373 German, 1,117 Slovak, etc. Agneš Ozer, Život i istorija u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 2005, page 15. Language In most countries, the language used for celebrating the Tridentine Mass was (and is) Latin. However, in Dalmatia (corresponding approximately to present-day Croatia) the liturgy was celebrated in Church Slavonic, and authorisation for use of this language was extended to some other Slavic regions between 1886 and 1935. The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


military resistance

monument erected by German general Mackensen to the Serbian defenders of Belgrade thumb left In October 1915, Mackensen, in command of the newly formed Army Group Mackensen (''Heeresgruppe Mackensen'', which included the German 11th army, Austro-Hungarian 3rd army, and Bulgarian 1st army), led a renewed German-Austro-Hungarian (Austria-Hungary)-Bulgarian campaign against Serbia (Kingdom of Serbia). The campaign finally crushed effective military resistance in Serbia but failed to destroy


scenes quot

of Serbia (1941–1944).svg Serbia under German occupation (1941–1944) The game has 30 characters representing a cross-section of European forces at the time, including Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) freedom fighters, a German (German Empire) arms dealer, a Russian (Russian Empire) anarchist, a suspicious Austrian (Austria-Hungary) concert violinist, a Persian eunuch and his private harem, a mysterious art collector and others. ref name "Behind the Scenes">


public view

referred to as the ''Annexation crisis'') erupted into public view when on October 5, 1908, Bulgaria declared its independence and on October 6, 1908, Austria-Hungary announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which was populated mainly by south Slavic nationals (Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks). Russia (Russian Empire), the Ottoman Empire, Britain, Italy, Serbia, Montenegro, Germany and France took an interest in these events. In April 1909, the Treaty of Berlin (Treaty of Berlin (1878)) was amended to accept the new status quo bringing the crisis to an end. The crisis permanently damaged relations between Austria-Hungary on the one hand and Russia and Serbia on the other. The annexation and reactions to the annexation were contributing causes of World War I. Balkan Wars and ensuing changes The Romanian government signed a treaty with the Allies on August 17, 1916 and declared war on the Central Powers on August 27. The Romanian Army was quite large, with over 650,000 men in 23 divisions (Division (military)). However, it suffered from poor training and equipment, especially compared to its German counterparts. Meanwhile, the German Chief of Staff (Chief of staff (military)), General Erich von Falkenhayn correctly reasoned that Romania would side with the Allies and made plans to deal with Romania. Thanks to the earlier conquest of the Kingdom of Serbia and the ineffective Allied operations on the Kingdom of Greece border, and having a territorial interest in Dobrogea, the Bulgarian Army and the Ottoman Army were willing to help fight the Romanians.


SAD

-speaking city was thus secured for the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, which united with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1. On 25 November 1918, the ''Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci and other Slavs of Vojvodina'' in Novi Sad proclaimed the union of Vojvodina region with the Kingdom of Serbia. Since 1 December 1918, Novi Sad was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes

; and in 1929, it became the capital of the Danube Banovina, a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. In 1921, population of Novi Sad numbered 39,122 inhabitants, of whom 16,293 spoke Serbian language, 12,991 Hungarian, 6,373 German, 1,117 Slovak, etc. Agneš Ozer, Život i istorija u Novom Sadu, Novi Sad, 2005, page 15. Language In most countries, the language used for celebrating the Tridentine Mass was (and is) Latin. However, in Dalmatia (corresponding

War Cross (1925), and the Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords (1934). On 25 November 1918, the Assembly of Serbs, Bunjevci, and other nations of Vojvodina in Novi Sad proclaimed the unification of Vojvodina (Banat, Bačka and Baranja) with the Kingdom of Serbia (The assembly numbered 757 deputies, of which 578 were Serbs, 84 Bunjevci, 62 Slovaks, 21 Rusyn (Rusyns), 6 Germans, 3 Šokci, 2 Croats and 1 Hungarian (Magyars)). One day before


large influence

to exist. On 1 December 1918, the National Council joined the state with the Kingdom of Serbia (which also included the territory of former Kingdom of Montenegro within its borders) to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Count Ulrich II of Cilli (Ulrich II, Count of Celje) was the most powerful member of the Cilli family. In 1432 he married Catherine, daughter of the Serbian (Kingdom of Serbia) despot Đurađ Branković. Ulrich held a large influence in many courts

Kingdom of Serbia

The '''Kingdom of Serbia''' ( ) was created when Prince Milan Obrenović (Milan I of Serbia), ruler of the Principality of Serbia, was crowned king in 1882. The Principality of Serbia was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty from 1817 onwards (at times replaced by the Karađorđević dynasty). The Principality, suzerain (suzerainty) to the Porte (Sublime_Porte), had expelled all Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) troops by 1867, de facto securing its independence. The Congress of Berlin (Treaty of Berlin (1878)) in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia.

In 1918, Serbia joined with the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as Yugoslavia) under the rule of the Karađorđević dynasty.

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