Khulna

What is Khulna known for?


international sports

:''This article is about the city. For the division, see Khulna Division. For the district, see Khulna District. For the subdistrict, see Khulna Kotwali Thana.'' ) is a district in southern West Bengal, of eastern India. North 24 Parganas extends in the tropical zone from latitude 22º11'6" north to 23º15'2" north and from longitude 88º20' east to 89º5' east. It is bordered to Nadia (Nadia district) by north, to Bangladesh (Khulna Division) by north and east, to South 24 Parganas and Kolkata (Kolkata district) by south and to Kolkata (Kolkata district), Howrah (Howrah district) and Hoogly (Hooghly district) by west. Barasat is the district headquarters of North 24 Parganas. Maharaja Pratapaditya, a Bhuian king (one of the 12 feudal lords of Bengal who declared their sovereignty from the Mughal Empire) of Jessore, Khulna, Barisal and Greater 24 Parganas, fought and resisted the Portuguese in the early years of the 17th Century. When he was defeated by the Mughals, Lakshmikanta Majumdar of Barisha, a sub-ordinate of the king, won the favor of fortune. While establishing the famous Kali Temple at Kalighat, Majumdar got some help from Raja Basanta Roy, Pratapaditya (Maharaja Pratapaditya)'s uncle who was later killed by his ever-suspicious nephew. Yet Majumdar played for Abdul Rahman Khan, the Mughal Subbadar (governor of Mughal provinces). Pratapaditya (Maharaja Pratapaditya) lost the battles of Salka and Magrahat and was captured by the Mughal. Later he died in prison on the way to Delhi. Majumdar was reworded the zamindari of Magura, Paikan, Anwarpur and Kalikata for his treason against his own sovereign from Jahangir in 1611. Later his grandson was bestowed the Zamindari of Khulna and Greater 24 Parganas (partially) by Murshid Quli Khan, the Nawab of Bengal. Once the capital of Raja Bikramaditya and Maharaja Pratapaditya was at Dhumghat. Later it was transferred to Ishwaripur (originated from the name Jeshoreshwaripur). Maharaja Pratapaditya declared independence of South Bengal (Jessore, Khulna in north, Sundarbans, Bay of Bengal in South, Barisal in east and River Ganges in west) against the Mughal Empire of India. In 1793, during the rule of Lord Cornwallis, entire Sunderbans were in Twentyfour Parganas. In 1802, some parganas on the western banks of river Hoogly were included into it. These parganas were in Nadia (Nadia district) earlier. In 1814, a separate collectorate was established in Twenty-four Parganas. In 1817, Falta and Baranagar and in 1820, some potions of Nadia’s Balanda and Anwarpur were encompassed to it. In 1824, portions of Barasat, Khulna and Bakhargunge (now in Bangladesh) were also included to it. In 1824, the district Headquarter was shifted from Kolkata to Baruipur, but in 1828, it was removed to Alipore. In 1834, the district was split into two districts – Alipore and Barasat, but later these were united again. * '''''Jat Area''''' (Brahmaputra Alluvium): This comprises part of the districts of Dhaka, Mymensingh, Tangail, and Comilla of Bangladesh. The area annually receives fresh deposit of silts carried down by the flood water. Soils are acidic in , the texture varies from sand loam to clay loam. According to commercial quality, the best quality Jute, the Jat type, grows in this area. * '''''District Area'' (Ganges Alluvium):''' This comprises part of the districts of Kushtia, Jessore, Khulna, Rajshahi, Pabna, and Dhaka of Bangladesh and major portion of West Bengal of India. This area has soil of slight alkaline clay loam to light loam in gray to dark gray color. The type of Jute grown in this area is known as District Jute, which is next to Jat Jute in order of quality. The jute fiber grown in this region is further divided into two major varieties, such as: Hard District Jute and Soft District Jute. * '''''Northern Area'' (Teesta Silt):''' This comprises part of Dinajpur (Dinajpur District, Bangladesh), Rangpur (Rangpur District) districts, East Bogra, and Sirajganj of Bangladesh and some parts of West Bengal of India. The region has sandy soil with low moisture retention capacity. Soil retention is slightly acidic. Northern type of Jute is inferior quality of the three commercial types. Faujdar is mostly used as a title by Jat ''gotras'' such as Sogarwar, Chahar (Chahar (clan)), Sinsinwar, Kuntal throughout Northern India and Pakistan. Fouzder title is also found in Bangladesh specially in the Hindu Kshatriya community of Khulna division. Varman Barman Varma was their main title.Some say that they are descendant of the General of army of Nawab Alivardi Khan. There is still many example of Varman dynasty in Sylhet division.There is also a cadet college,Fouzderhat Cadet College in Chittagong. Brief history The construction of a railway Bridge over the Padma was proposed by the Eastern Bengal Railway in 1889 for easier communication between Calcutta and the then Eastern Bengal and Assam and discussed for more than twenty years before it was finally sanctioned for construction in 1908. In 1902, Sir FJE Spring prepared a detailed project on the bridge. A technical committee appointed in 1908 reported that a bridge could be constructed at Sara crossing the lower Ganges between Paksey and Bheramara Upazila stations on the broad gauge railway from Khulna to Parbatipur Upazila. The construction of the bridge started in 1910 and finished in 1912. British engineer Sir Robert Gailes worked as the chief engineer of the construction. On 1 January 1915, the first trial train crossed the bridge down track and on 25 February of the same year the second trial train crossed the bridge up track. Finally on 4 March 1915 Lord Hardinge inaugurated the bridge. A total of 24,000 people were employed for constructing the bridge. yearofbirth 1979 placeofbirth Khulna, Khulna District countryofbirth Bangladesh DATE OF BIRTH 7 November 1979 PLACE OF BIRTH Khulna, Khulna District, Bangladesh DATE OF DEATH '''Mohammad Salim''' (born October 15, 1981, Khulna) is a Bangladeshi cricketer who played in 2 Tests (Test cricket) and one ODI (One Day International) in 2003. DATE OF BIRTH October 15, 1981 PLACE OF BIRTH Khulna, Bangladesh DATE OF DEATH '''Sheikh Salahuddin Ahmed''' (born February 10, 1969, Khulna) is a Bangladeshi cricketer who played in 6 ODI (One Day International)s in 1997. He continues to play first-class cricket for Khulna Division. DATE OF BIRTH February 10, 1969 PLACE OF BIRTH Khulna, Bangladesh DATE OF DEATH '''Jamaluddin Ahmed''' (born January 5, 1977, Jessore, Khulna) is a Bangladeshi cricketer who has played in one ODI (One Day International), in 2003. DATE OF BIRTH January 5, 1977 PLACE OF BIRTH Jessore, Khulna, Bangladesh DATE OF DEATH Daulatpur College After joining the Scottish Church College of Kolkata, in 1911, Bhupen came across two significant members of the initial Anushilan Samiti of Kolkata, who introduced him to Sachin Sanyal from Benares (Varanasi), who was desirous to join an active revolutionary party. His prior release from the Howrah Trial and informed him about a forthcoming World War (First World War). During this time, Jatindranath Mukherjee or Bagha Jatin had suspended all violent activity, preparing for an armed insurrection all over India. ''Nixon's Report'' in Samanta, Vol.II, p591 ''agniyug o biplabi bhupendrakumar datta'' by Samyukta Mitra, Sahitya Samsad, 1995, pp38-39.) Discouraged at the suspension of all revolutionary activities, Sachin went to the Dhaka Anushilan Samiti (Anushilan Samiti#Dhaka Anushilan Samiti) whose leaders did not participate in Bagha Jatin's programme. Led by a faint clue in 1913, Bhupen decided to go to Khulna and join the Daulatpur Hindu Academy. Encouraged by the liberal spirit reigning in the campus, Bhupen brought together his own group of college-mates interested in social work, raising funds for the poor by offering manual labour, gymnastics, study sessions for the ''Gita'' and essays of contemporary thinkers. They founded their own hostel. Several professors of the college and the superintendent himself, like for example Shashibhushan Raychaudhury (or more commonly known by his nickname) '''Shashida''', who was more famous for his experiments in education, and had been closely associated with Bagha Jatin, used to visit the College. After returning to Daulatpur, Bhupen learnt from his college mate Gopaldas Majumdar that Bagha Jatin was soon leaving his business as a contractor in order to go back to Kolkata. ''smaran-baran'', 1981, pp38-41 After a significant farewell visit to Bhupen, Jatin sent a horse to Dr Amulya Ukil of the campus, apparently for the latter's use; thanks to this gift, Bhupen and the other boys took lessons in riding. Samyukta, pp68-69 Assisted by Bhupen, Dr Ukil in earnest discipline took to training the students in military drill, semaphore (Flag semaphore) signaling, arms collection, propaganda among military police and the fluvial workers of Khulna-Jessore regions. On visit to Daulatpur, Subhash Chandra Bose and Hemanta Kumar Sarkar were so impressed by this pageant that during the Kolkata session of the National Congress, in 1928, when Bose organised the Bengal Volunteers in a fully military style, he was happy to have Bhupen by his side. Samyukta, p69 ''Bhupendra Kumar Datta'' in Dictionary of National Biography, Vol.I, p383 On visiting India after forty-two years, Dr. Taraknath Das reminded in his tribute to Bagha Jatin : "In Jatinda’s method of working there was a military discipline (…) Throughout the country, inspired by Jatinda’s ideology, one has to create an organisation similar to the military model. That alone will be an adequate homage to Jatinda." ''Anandabazar Patrika'', 10 September 1952.) Radio Foorti 88.0 FM, Radio Foorti is a Bangladeshi FM radio station. The station went live on September 21, 2006. It is currently available in Dhaka, feni, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Khulna, Barisal, Mymensingh, bogra and Cox's Bazar. An initial plan, given to the Eastern Command by General Manekshaw, involved a brief incursion into East Pakistan and the capture of two provinces, Chittagong and Khulna. Senior Indian Army officers were reluctant to execute an aggressive invasion for fears of early ceasefire demands by the United Nations and a looming threat posed by China. That, together with the difficulty of navigating the marshy terrain of East Pakistan through three wide rivers, led the commanders to initially believe that the capture of all of East Pakistan was inconceivable. Jacob, however, disagreed and favored his "war of movement" plan which aimed to take control of all of East Pakistan. Jacob felt that the capital city of Dhaka, located deep in East Pakistan, was the geopolitical center of the region and therefore any successful campaign had to involve incursions deep into East Pakistan and the eventual capture of Dhaka. He realized that any campaign had to be successful and swift as the United Nations would press for a ceasefire which would be advantageous to Pakistan and India's ally, the Soviet Union, may not be interested in exercising a veto indefinitely. He realized that the Pakistani Army commander, Gen. Niazi, was going to fortify the towns and "defend them in strength". His plan was to bypass intermediary towns altogether, neutralize Pakistan's command and communication infrastructure and using secondary routes get to Dhaka directly. Jacob's plan was eventually approved by the Eastern Command. Ruling area During his reign, Khan Jahan Ali conquered Khulna and Jessore. According to a numismatic evidence, Nasiruddin Mahmud ruled over a vast kingdom bounded by the districts of Bhagalpur to the west, Mymensingh and Sylhet to the east, Gaur and Pandua to the north and Hughli (Hooghly (town)) to the south. * Expansion needed (updated by bot) ** 34 - Aishiya, Batikent, Blenheim, New Zealand, Bogra District, Brzeziny (Gmina of Lubartów), Casablanca, Chlewiska, Dakhiliyah, Drzewianowo, Enmore, Guyana, Guarenas, Guatire, Kaikoura, Kasindol, Khulna, La Rogivue, List of China provinces by compass, List of cities and towns in Hong Kong, Lisów, Lusignan, Guyana, Maracaibo, Maymand, Nobres, Panauti, Patras, Porlamar, Port Vila, Riffa, Szczekarków, Tórshavn, Wola Mieczysławska, Yerevan, Łucka, Łucka Kolonia * Expert attention needed (updated by bot) * Expansion needed (updated by bot) ** 235 - 1979 in India, 2005 Men's Champions Trophy (field hockey), Abahani Krira Chakra, Alaol, Apodization, Bagerhat District, Bangalore IT.COM, Bangladesh Army, Bangladesh Betar, Bangladesh Military Academy, Bangladesh Rifles, Banning of Tamil language media importation, Barguna District, Bhola District, Bogra District, Brahmanbaria District, Brajalal College, Brajamohan College, Brojen Das, Caste system in Kerala, Centre for Railway Information Systems, Chand Raat, Chandpur District, Chittagong District, Chittranjan Locomotive Works, Constitution of Bangladesh, Constitution of Sri Lanka, Cuisine of Kashmir, Culture of Bangladesh, Dasa sil mata, Dhaka District, Dinajpur District, Bangladesh, DishTV, Dish TV India, Education in Bangladesh, Elaan, Elections in Bangladesh, Elections in India, Embroidery of India, Exim Bank (India), Fall of Sassanids, Faridpur District, Filmfare Awards, Folklore of India, Gaibandha District, Gazipur District, Goan houses, Goan literature, Godavari


school amp

; Technology (KUET) * Govt. Brajalal College * Northern University(private) * North Western University (private) '''Medical Colleges:''' * Ahshanullah College * BN School & College * Daulatpur College(Day Night) * Govt. B.L College * Govt. M. M. City College * Govt. Sundarban College * Govt. Pioneer Women's College * Govt

* Cantonment Public School & College * St. Joseph's High School * Khulna Collegiate Girls School * Khulna Govt. Girls School (Munnujan School) * Khulna Newsprint Mills School * Rotary School * Model High School * Bangladesh Navy School & College(English Version) * Islamabad Collegiate School(English Version) * Military Collegiate School Khulna(MCSK) * Rosedale International School * South Herald English Medium School * Johra Khatun Shishu Bidya Niketan * Khulna Engineering University


title buildings

in Bagerhat District, in the Khulna Division of southwest of Bangladesh. Bagerhat is about 15 miles south east of Khulna and 200 miles southwest of Dhaka. Early Life


famous educational

. Brajalal College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city, founded in 1902. Khulna University is the only public University in Bangladesh where student politics is strictly prohibited. Also there is an engineering University Khulna University of Engineering & Technology(KUET) and a medical college Khulna Medical College(KMC). There are also some famous educational institutions like Azam Khan Govt. Commerce College, Khulna Govt. Women's College, Govt.M.M City College


development+related

the metropolitan area. The area has been divided by five police stations: Khulna Kotwali Thana, Sonadanga Thana, Khalishpur Thana, Daulatpur Thana (Daulatpur Thana, Khulna) and Khan Jahan Ali Thana. The Metropolitan Magistrate Court (CMM) looks after the legal issues around the city. A governing body called ''Khulna Development Authority (KDA)'' plans the infrastructure development of the city and coordinates development-related work. There are two parliamentary


wide diversity

Parliament in July 1990. History on Official Website Accordingly, the university started its formal inauguration of academic activities on 25 November 1991. Fisheries and Marine Resources Technology Discipline The greater Khulna region, the south west part of Bangladesh has been characterised by a unique blend of aquatic habitats; fresh, brackish and marine waters supporting a wide diversity of biological and physical


version+military

* Cantonment Public School & College * St. Joseph's High School * Khulna Collegiate Girls School * Khulna Govt. Girls School (Munnujan School) * Khulna Newsprint Mills School * Rotary School * Model High School * Bangladesh Navy School & College(English Version) * Islamabad Collegiate School(English Version) * Military Collegiate School Khulna(MCSK) * Rosedale International School * South Herald English Medium School * Johra Khatun Shishu Bidya Niketan * Khulna Engineering University


business social

community controlled all the major business ,social activities of a large geographical areas of the eastern parts of the Indian subcontinent. With a sizeable presence in present day Myanmar and Bangladesh, they controlled major trading and commercial activities in the regions currently comprising the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa,Assam,Jharkhand,Rajasthan and parts of Maharastra,Chattisgarh,tamilnadu and Gujarat They also had almost complete control of indigenous banking


numerous+national

is the third largest economic center in Bangladesh. It is situated north of the Port of Mongla and has various heavy and light industries. The major sectors are jute, chemicals (chemical industry), fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding. The region has an Export Processing Zone which has attracted substantial foreign investment. The city is home to the corporate branch offices of numerous national companies, including


social activities

community controlled all the major business ,social activities of a large geographical areas of the eastern parts of the Indian subcontinent. With a sizeable presence in present day Myanmar and Bangladesh, they controlled major trading and commercial activities in the regions currently comprising the Indian states of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa,Assam,Jharkhand,Rajasthan and parts of Maharastra,Chattisgarh,tamilnadu and Gujarat They also had almost complete control of indigenous banking

Khulna

'''Khulna''' ( ) is the third-largest city in Bangladesh. It is the administrative seat of Khulna District and Khulna Division. The city has a population of more than 1.4 million people. ('''pdf-file''') 2007 Population Estimate. Retrieved on 19 August 2009.

Khulna is an old river port located on the Rupsha River. It is an important hub of Bangladeshi industry and hosts many national companies. It is served by Port of Mongla, the second largest seaport in the country. It is also one of the two principal naval command centres of the Bangladesh Navy.

A colonial steamboat service, including the fleet ''Tern'', ''Osrich'' and ''Lepcha'', continues to operate on the river route to the city. It is regarded as the gateway to the Sundarbans, the world's largest tidal forest and home of the Bengal Tiger. Khulna is also situated north of the Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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