What is Khiva known for?

historic architectural

and Karakalpakstan Ancient Khiva is one of three most important tourism centers of Uzbekistan with great historical cultural and ethnographic potential. The territory of the Khorezm Province and Karakalpakstan is strewn with plenty of natural, historic, architectural and archeological sites. The Khorezm Province itself possesses near to 300 historic monuments. '''Khiva''' (Uzbek: Xiva, Хива

sweet water

the border of Turkmenistan. History 300px thumbnail The western gate of the old city (File:KhivaWestGate.jpg) According to legend, Khiva was founded about 2 500 years ago when a son of Noah, Shem, discovered a well in the middle of the desert exclaimed "Khi-wa!" (which locals will take delight in roughly translating this exclamation as "sweet water"). For the next 1 000 years or so, the area was inhabited by settlements that used the nearby ''Amu-Darya river'' to irrigate agriculture. According to the archaeologists Khiva was founded in the 5th or 6th century. As Islam spread to the area, the first major structures were built near Shem's well, and it became known as a small trading post on the Silk Road. First written sources date from the 10th century. The Arab traveller ''Al Istachri'' mentions Khiva in his enumeration of the most important settlements in ''Chorezm''. The Arab geographer ''Ibn Battuta'' visited Khiva in the 14th century. He praised the emir who was untiringly taking care of law and order and reported that the city was so full of people that it was almost impossible to find one's way in the crowd. It wasn't until the 16th century when Khiva was made capital of an Islamic Khanate (starting a bitter rivalry with another Khan 460 km down the Silk Road in Bukhara), that the majority of Khiva's immense architectural projects began and the town established itself as a center of power in the region. Locals will say (sometimes in hushed tones) that if Khiva didn't have a rivalry with nearby Bukhara, it would not be the significant site that it is today. In the 19th century only a strong central power was created and taxes and money were introduced. For a long period of time Khiva was one of the most important markets of slaves in Central Asia. Slavery. however, was formally abolished during the October Revolution of 1917 only. Khiva with its 94 mosques and 63 mederssahs is considered as an important center of Islam. Because of this significance, Khiva was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1990. Climate Khiva almost has a two-season climate; with slivers of spring and fall in between frigid winters and blazing hot summers. It starts to get uncomfortably cold in Khiva by November, with temperatures hovering between -10°C and 5°C. The chill usually lasts well into mid-March; just in time for the '''Navruz''' holiday. Spring usually lasts around a month and a half and is usually one of the best times to visit. Summer arrives quickly, however, with temperatures reaching as high as 45°C by August. Luckily, it's a dry heat (rainfall and humidity are practically negligible) so walking around the city isn't too much of a burden. Get in Usually people travel to the regional capital of Urgench, whether it's by air, train, or taxi, and then take a taxi to Khiva. With the exception of flying where the rates are fixed (most of the time) you might be subject to ticket agents at the train or bus stations charging you a bit higher for a fare because you look like a tourist. Ask a guide or local for correct information, as Uzbeks are usually willing to assist you in getting the correct price. You will, however, be expected to haggle for the price of your cab everywhere, with the unusual exception of the taxi from the Urgench bazaar to Khiva (see "by car"). * WikiPedia:Khiva Commons:Category:Khiva Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Khiva

fine view

hours price 2 000 UZS content fine view of the Kalta Minor * WikiPedia:Khiva Commons:Category:Khiva Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Khiva

outstanding feature

hotel inside the converted Mohammed Amin Khan madrassah allows guests to stay in "cells" that were once occupied by Islamic scholars. Since this was the primary hotel inside the Ichon-Qala during Soviet times (formerly the Hotel Khiva) the outstanding feature of this hotel is location, location, location - it sits right inside the West gate - which is why it's more expensive than some of the other hotels in Khiva. * WikiPedia:Khiva Commons:Category:Khiva Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Khiva

special military

, the Basmachi were a diverse and multi-faceted that received negligible foreign aid. The Basmachi were not viewed favorably by Western Powers, who saw the Basmachi as potential enemies due to the Pan-Turkist (Pan-Turkism) or Pan-Islamist ideologies of some of their leaders. However, some Basmachi groups received support from British and Turkish intelligence services and in order to cut off this outside help, special military detachments of the Red Army masqueraded as Basmachi forces and successfully intercepted supplies. Although many fighters were motivated by calls for jihad, Richard Lorenz, Economic Bases of the Basmachi Movement in the Ferghana Valley, 293 the Basmachi drew support from many ideological camps and major sectors of the population. At some point or another the Basmachi attracted the support of Jadid reformers, pan-Turkic ideologues and leftist Turkestani nationalists. Martha B. Olcott, “The Basmachi or Freemen's Revolt in Turkestan, 1918-24,” Soviet Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Jul., 1981), 252. Peasants and nomads, long opposed to Russian colonial rule, reacted with hostility to anti-Islamic policies and Soviet requisitioning of food and livestock. The fact that Bolshevism in Turkestan was dominated by Russian colonists in Tashkent Richard Lorenz, Economic Bases of the Basmachi Movement in the Ferghana Valley, 289. made Tsarist and Soviet rule appear identical. The ranks of the Basmachi were filled with those left jobless by poor economic conditions, and those who felt that they were opposing an attack on their way of life. Fazal-Ur-Rahim Khan Marwat, The Basmachi Movement in Soviet Central Asia (A Study in Political Development) (Peshawar, Emjay Books International: 1985), 151. The first Basmachi fighters were bandits, as their name suggests, and they reverted to brigandage as the movement fizzled later on. Michael Rywkin, Moscow's Muslim Challenge, 42. Although the Basmachi were relatively united at certain points, the movement suffered from atomization overall. Rivalry between various leaders and more serious ethnic disputes between Kirgiz and Uzbeks or Turkmen (Turkmen people) posed major problems to the movement. **Ryūkyū Kingdom - Shō Tai, King of Ryūkyū (1848-11 March 1879) * '''Khiva''' - Abu al-Ghazi Muhammad Amin Bahadur, Khan of Khiva (1846–1855) * '''Kokand''' - Muhammad Khudayar Khan, Khan of Kokand (1853–1858) Central Asia The batman was used in Central Asia up until at least the 18th century. WikiPedia:Khiva Commons:Category:Khiva Dmoz:Regional Asia Uzbekistan Localities Khiva


of Badakhshan after his father Mir Muhammad Shah's death in 1810. He remained friendly with his neighbors and country prospered. He recovered arrears of taxes from Chinese settlers and levied payment in advance. In 1814 he invaded Chitral took thousands of prisoners whom he sold in Balkh, Bukhara, Farghana and Khiva. He died in 1815 leaving 5 sons of whom Mir Yar Beg succeeded as ruler. History The wooden fort at the mouth of the Yaik

long directions phone tollfree fax hours price content The medressah was built in the beginning of the 18th cent. It has 81 pupils' cells. It was one of the wealthiest schools in Khiva and possessed a lot of lands. It corresponds the traditional type of medressahs of the 17th and 18th cent. The galleries with arcades, the round towers at the corners and the economical use of glazed tiles remember the traditions of architecture in Khorezm. It has a beautiful carved wooden

of the harem. The courtyard is ornamented by 5 high Aiwans. Carved wooden columns on marble bases carry the ceiling which is decorated with paintings and the walls are masked with blue tiles. Even the righful wives of the khan lived like slaves. They weaved carpets, made embroideries and sewed. They could leaved the palace at rare occasions only and then they went in a car covered by felt and their companions with their white sticks removed everybody who came into their way. '''Ishrat Chauli

excellent water

;ref Another story relates that travellers passing through the city, upon drinking the excellent water, would exclaim "Khey vakh!" ("What a pleasure!") and hence the city became known as Kheyvakh, whence Khiva. A third proposal is that the name comes from the word Khwarezm, altered

historical social

of Civilization: Central Asia in History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement : A.D. 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century : Part One : The Historical Social and Economic Setting edited by M.S. Asimov and C.E. Bosworth. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1999, 485 pages. (Vol. IV, Pt. I). ISBN 81-208-1595-5. Excerpt from page 101: “The ancient Iranian kingdom of Khwarazm had been ruled until 995 by the old established line of Afrighids of Kath, but control subsequently

famous architectural

. The city of Khiva in Khorezm Province is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with world famous architectural monuments, making Khiva one of the main centers for international tourism in the country. Geography of partition The Bukharan People’s Soviet Republic (Bukharan PSR) had an area of and a population of more than 2.2 million people, mainly Uzbeks, Tajiks (Tājik people), and Turkmens.

ancient buildings

email address lat long directions phone tollfree fax hours price content The main sights lie within the massive '''Ichon-Qala''', which contains almost all of the ancient buildings of Khiva. There are four gates on each side of the wall; * '''North Gate (Bachtscha Darwase)''' is closest to the trolleybus and taxi stand; it is also called ''Urgench Gate'' * '''East Gate (Palwan Darwase)''' is the entry and exit to the caravanserai (a large building to house caravans


'''Khiva''' ( ) is a city of approximately 50,000 people located in Xorazm Province, Uzbekistan. According to archaeological data, the city was established in the beginning of the current era. В. А. Булатова, И. И. Ноткин, Архитектурные памятники Хивы. (Путеводитель), Ташкент, 1972; Хива. (Архитектура. Фотоальбом), Л., 1973; Г. Пугаченкова, Термез, Шахрисябз, Хива, (М„ 1976). It is the former capital of Khwarezmia and the Khanate of Khiva. Itchan Kala in Khiva was the first site in Uzbekistan to be inscribed in the World Heritage List (1991).

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