Oplot-M guided onto a tank transporter. The T-84 is the latest Ukrainian development of the T-80 series, designed by KMDB (Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau) in Kharkiv. A main design objective was to make Ukraine's arms industry independent of Russia's, after resulting difficulties in fulfilling a contract to supply T-80UD tanks to Pakistan. T-84 MBT globalsecurity.com ref>
) outbreak of World War II and in accordance with the secret protocol the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Poland was invaded from the west by Nazi Germany and from the east (Kresy) by the Soviet Union (Soviet invasion of Poland). Volhynia was split by the Soviets into two oblasts, Rovno (Rivne oblast) and Volyn (Volyn Oblast) of the Ukrainian SSR. Upon the annexation, the Soviet Secret Police (NKVD) started to eliminate the predominantly Polish middle and upper classes, including
social activists and military leaders. Between 1939–1941, 200,000 Poles were deported to Siberia (Sybiracy) by the Soviet authorities. To Resolve the Ukrainian Question Once and For All: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ukrainians in Poland, 1943-1947, Timothy Snyder, Working Paper, Yale University, 2001 Many Polish prisoners of war (prisoner of war) were deported to the East Ukraine where most of them were executed in basements of the Kharkiv NKVD offices. Ludowik Domon Oleksandr Zinchenko, Ukrainian Pravda, 12 December 2010 Estimates of the number of Polish citizens transferred to the Eastern European part of the USSR, the Urals, and Siberia range from 1.2 to 1.7 million. Poland's Holocaust, Tadeusz Piotrowski, 1998 ISBN 0-7864-0371-3 p. 13 Tens of thousands of Poles fled from the Soviet-occupied zone to areas controlled by the Germans. The deportations and murders deprived the Poles of their community leaders. Important railways and highways of regional significance cross the oblast's territory, connecting Moscow with the southern and western regions of Russia and Ukraine. Of major importance is the Crimea Highway, or federal highway M-2 Crimea, and the Moscow-Kharkiv-Sevastopol railway line. The length of railways for general use is 694.6 km; the length of paved roads is 8,500 km; roughly 87% of the total road surface in the oblast. Transportation Transportation industry of Kursk Oblast, with easy access to national and international markets, is the basis for the oblast's development. The most important modes of transport throughout the oblast are by railway and road. Total length of railway network is Wikipedia:Kharkiv Commons:Category:Kharkiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Kharkiv Oblast Kharkiv
; * Wikipedia:Kharkiv Commons:Category:Kharkiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Kharkiv Oblast Kharkiv
of the Continuing Transition , National Intelligence Council (Conference Report August 1999) Professor Paul D'Anieri has argued (in 2006) that Ukrainian parties are "elite-based rather than mass-based".
;, Rakovsky was still occasionally allowed to speak in public (notably, together with Kamenev and Karl Radek, to the Moscow Komsomol), and continued to criticize Stalin's leadership as "bureaucratic socialism" (''see Bureaucratic collectivism'') and "social fascism (Social fascism theory)". Fagan, ''Opposition and Exile''; Victor Kravchenko (Victor Kravchenko (defector)), ''I Chose Freedom'', Transaction Publishers, Somerset, New Jersey, 1988, p.51
Pitre Villa alt Доходный дом Питры url address Chernyshevskogo str., 66 21 lat 50.0063 long 36.2420 directions M2: Pushkinska phone hours price content - built in 1914. An apartment house with spire decorated angle bay window & tall decorative curling roofs - vivid details of an romantic version of Art Nouveau. *
; ref Five days later, pro-Russian protestors occupied the building and unilaterally declared independence from Ukraine as the "Kharkov People's Republic".
-demonstrators-in-kharkiv-including-at-least-three-severely-343292.html title Kharkiv city government building infiltrated by pro-Russian protesters work Kyiv Post date 13 April 2014 accessdate 13 April 2014 Later on 13 April the building returned permanently to full Ukrainian control.
to organize a Scout Troop for the young men, 19 years and older, which was a common practice within the Hungarian Scout Association (Magyar Cserkészszövetség) at the time. Bánáthy found a passion in training the young men in officer's leadership skills and became the voluntary national director for youth leadership development and a member of the National Council of the Hungarian Scout Association. Life Landis was born in Kharkiv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union. He studied and worked
organisation which Podgorny had previously headed, but also its management of the economy. By indirectly criticising Podgorny, the article raised doubts about his qualifications as a leading member of the Soviet leadership. Podgorny launched a counterattack in his 1965 speech in Baku, Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic, were he criticised the Soviet leadership's heavy industrial policy (heavy industry). This, as it turned out, would be a move he would regret for life. Instead
south of the city of Rostov, McCarthy & Syron (2002), p. 132 which had been taken by the Fourth Panzer Army on 23 July. Erickson (1975), p. 362 The rapid German advance threatened to cut the Soviet Union off from its southern territories, while also threatening to cut the lend-lease supply lines from Persia. Beevor (1998), p. 84 However, the offensive began to peter out, as the offensive's supply train struggled to keep up with the advance and spearhead units began to run low on fuel and manpower; Glantz (1997), pp. 119–120 for example, some panzer divisions were down to 54 tanks. Glantz (1997), p. 120 In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917) he established self-supporting orphanages for street children - including juvenile delinquents - left orphaned by the Russian Civil War. Among these establishments were the Gorky colony and later the Dzerzhinsky labor commune in Kharkiv, where the FED camera (FED (camera)) was produced. FED is indirectly named after Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, founder of the Cheka. It was his name
'''Kharkiv''' ( ), is the second-largest city of Ukraine. Located in the north-east of the country, it is the largest city of the Slobozhanshchyna (Sloboda Ukraine) historical region.
The city was founded in 1654 and was a major centre of Ukrainian culture in the Russian Empire. Kharkiv was the first city in Ukraine to acknowledge Soviet power in December 1917 and became the first capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic until January 1935, after which the capital was relocated to Kiev. Kharkiv is the administrative centre of Kharkiv Oblast and the surrounding Kharkiv district (Kharkivskyi Raion (Kharkiv Oblast)).
Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine, with 60 scientific institutes, 30 establishments of higher education, 6 museums, 7 theatres and 80 libraries. Its industry specialises primarily in machinery and electronics. There are hundreds of industrial companies in the city. Among them are globally important giants like the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory (leaders in world tank production in the 1930s through 1980s); Khartron (aerospace and nuclear electronics); and the Turboatom turbines producer.