Kennedy Space Center

What is Kennedy Space Center known for?


physical+construction

and gantry. Once the concept met with the filmmakers' approval, physical construction began on the sets for the Pod itself, the interior of the elevator, and the gantry, which took almost four months to build. The rest of the effects were compiled digitally by Imageworks. Preparation for the mission began on 3 June, with the assembly of the shuttle's solid rocket boosters (SRB) on the mobile launcher platform. The boosters were stacked on 20 June 1983, and the external tank mated to the assembly on 23 June 1983. ''Challenger'' arrived at Kennedy Space Center on 29 June 1983, and was transferred to the Orbiter Processing Facility on 30 June. After post-flight maintenance and preparation for the new mission, including the installation of most flight payloads, the shuttle was transferred to the Vehicle Assembly Building on 27 July 1983, and mated to the booster tank stack. The stack was checked out on 29 & 30 July 1983, and moved to launch complex 39-A (Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39) on 2 August 1983. Press kit, p. 11; ''Shuttle flight data'', p. 1-270 INSAT-1B was loaded into the orbiter when on the pad; the overall processing time from ''Challenger'' arriving at the Cape Canaveral to being ready for launch was only sixty-two days, a record for the program so far. Evans, p. 75 Subsequent to the Apollo 13 mishap, due to NASA Administrator James M. Beggs' fear of the number 13 and consequent unwillingness to number a forthcoming flight (STS-41-C) as STS-13, "Robert L. Crippen", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 26 May 2006. "Terry J. Hart", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 10 April 2003. "Paul J. Weitz", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 26 March 2000. "James D. A. van Hoften", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 5 December 2007. beginning in 1984, each mission was also assigned a code, such as STS-41-B, with the first digit indicating the federal fiscal year offset into the program (so 41-B was scheduled for FY 1984, 51-L originally for FY 1985 and the third flight in FY 1995 would have been named 151-C), the second digit indicating the launch site (1 was Kennedy Space Center and 2 was Shuttle Launch Complex (SLC) 6 (Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 6) at Vandenberg Air Force Base, although Vandenberg was never used), and the letter indicating scheduling sequence. As with the sequential numbers, these codes were assigned when the launches were initially scheduled and were not changed as missions were delayed or rescheduled. * James McDivitt, astronaut (born in Chicago; moved to '''Jackson (Jackson, Michigan)''') * Donald R. McMonagle, astronaut and Manager of Launch Integration at the Kennedy Space Center (born in '''Flint (Flint, Michigan)''') * Philip Orin Parmelee, aviation pioneer trained by the Wright brothers (born in '''Matherton (Matherton, Michigan)'''; raised in '''Saint Johns (Saint Johns, Michigan)''') Had Lawrence lived he likely would have been among the MOL astronauts who transferred to NASA (NASA Astronaut Group 7) after the program's cancellation, all of whom flew on the Space Shuttle. Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


year discovery

. Regular space shuttles have on occasion carried out missions for the military. It is noteworthy that NASA and the DoD agreed on delivering ''Discovery (Space Shuttle Discovery)'' to Vandenberg AFB, first in May 1985 and then in September of that year. ''Discovery'' would have been dedicated for military and civilian flights from Vandenberg's SLC-6 (Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 6) launch complex. The schedule slipped until the Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster ''Challenger'' disaster


support activities

included engineering planning, design and development, product research, and space flight and evaluation of the CFES device. Walker was involved with the program support activities at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, and at the Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas. He was responsible for training the NASA astronaut crews in the operation of the CFES payload on STS-4, STS-6, STS-7, and STS-8 shuttle flights during 1982 and 1983. In May

have included work on Tethered Satellite Payload, flight software testing in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL), launch support activities at Kennedy Space Center, and spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM) in Mission Control for STS-28, 29 (STS-29), 30 (STS-30), 33 (STS-33) and 34 (STS-34). Cameron's management assignments in NASA include Section Chief for astronaut software testing in SAIL, astronaut launch support activities, and Operations Assistant

training and evaluation program and became an astronaut in July 1986. He is qualified for assignment as a mission specialist on future Space Shuttle flight crews. Since then he has held a variety of technical assignments in support of the Space Shuttle Program including: flight software testing in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL); launch support activities at the Kennedy Space Center; spacecraft communicator (CAPCOM (Flight controller#Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM))) in mission control during Space Shuttle missions; Chief of Astronaut Appearances. Gemar has flown three times and has logged over 580 hours in space. He flew on STS-38 (November 15–20, 1990), STS-48 (September 12–18, 1991), and STS-62 (March 4–18, 1994). On his first mission, Gemar served on the five-man crew of STS-38 which launched at night from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on November 15, 1990. During the five-day mission crew members conducted Department of Defense (United States Department of Defense) operations. After 80 orbits of the Earth in 117 hours, in the first Shuttle recovery in Florida since 1985, Space Shuttle ''Atlantis (Space Shuttle Atlantis)'' and her crew landed back at the Kennedy Space Center on November 20, 1990. STS-30 Atlantis launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on May 4, 1989. During the four-day mission, the crew successfully deployed the Magellan (Magellan probe) Venus-exploration spacecraft, the first U.S. planetary science mission launched since 1978, and the first planetary probe to be deployed from the Shuttle. Magellan arrived at Venus in mid-1990, and mapped over 95% of the surface of Venus. Magellan has been one of NASA's most successful scientific missions and continues to operate today gaining information about the Venetian atmosphere and magnetic field. In addition, crew members also worked on secondary payloads involving fluid research in general, chemistry, and electrical storm studies. Following 64 orbits of the Earth, the STS-30 mission concluded with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on May 8, 1989. Mission duration was 96 hours, 57 minutes, 35 seconds. NASA experience Selected by NASA in May 1984, Gutierrez became an astronaut in June 1985. In his first technical assignment he served as commander for the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL), flying simulated missions to verify Shuttle flight software. Following the Shuttle Challenger accident (STS-51-L) he served as an action officer for the Associate Administrator for Space Flight at NASA Headquarters. His duties included coordinating requests from the Presidential Commission (Rogers Commission) and the U.S. Congress during the investigation. In 1986 and 1987, he participated in the recertification of the Space Shuttle Main Engines, Main Propulsion System, and External Tank (Space Shuttle external tank). In 1988, he became the Astronaut Office lead for Shuttle software development, verification, and future requirements definition. In 1989 he supported launches of STS-28, 30 (STS-30), 32 (STS-32), 33 (STS-33) and 34 (STS-34) at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Spaceflight experience STS-67 Astro-2 Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


film history

'''STS-51-G''' was the eighteenth flight of NASA's Space Shuttle program, and the fifth flight of Space Shuttle ''Discovery'' (Space Shuttle Discovery). The mission launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 17 June 1985. Sultan bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Sultan Salman Al


physical science

Museum , Cape Canaveral, Florida Organisation NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Major_Contractors UC Los Angeles (University of California, Los Angeles) Kennedy Space Center New Mexico State University Physical Science Laboratory Bus ''Endeavour'' moved from Launch Pad 39B to 39A on 31 May 2009 in preparation for STS-127.


program including

training and evaluation program and became an astronaut in July 1986. He is qualified for assignment as a mission specialist on future Space Shuttle flight crews. Since then he has held a variety of technical assignments in support of the Space Shuttle Program including: flight software testing in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL); launch support activities at the Kennedy Space Center; spacecraft communicator ( Flight controller#Capsule Communicator (CAPCOM) CAPCOM


support roles

at Kent International Airport in Kent, England. Readdy joined NASA's Johnson Space Center in October 1986 as a research pilot at Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, where he served as program manager for the highly-modified Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. He was selected as an astronaut in the 1987 Group. He served in numerous support roles including: Training Officer; Safety Officer; Operations Development Branch Chief; NASA Director of Operations, Star


show+offering

, where it premiered in 2001 through to 2009 as the feature family audience show offering. Kennedy Space Center News History The United States Navy established '''Naval Air Station Bunker Hill''' in 1942 and closed it after World War II ended. The United States Air Force reopened the base in 1954 as '''Bunker Hill Air Force Base'''. In 1968, the Air


wide covering

Vehicle (MPCV), currently under development to facilitate human exploration of the Moon, asteroids, and Mars. Located on Merritt Island, Florida, the center is north-northwest of Cape Canaveral on the Atlantic Ocean, midway between Miami and Jacksonville (Jacksonville, Florida) on Florida's Space Coast. It is 34 miles (55 km) long and roughly 6 miles (10 km) wide, covering . A total of 13,100 people worked at the center as of 2011


work+carrying

39 LC-39B LSP Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).

Kennedy Space Center

The '''John F. Kennedy Space Center''' ('''KSC''') is the NASA facility supporting Launch Complex 39 (Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39) (LC-39), originally built for the Saturn V, the largest and most powerful operational launch vehicle in history, for the Apollo manned Moon landing program (Apollo program) proposed by President John F. Kennedy. It was named in honor of Kennedy by his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, shortly after Kennedy's death in 1963.

Since the end of the Apollo program in 1972, LC-39 has been used to launch every NASA human space flight, including Skylab (1973), the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (1974), and the Space Shuttle program (1981-2011). KSC also has a facility which was used for landing the reusable Space Shuttle orbiters when weather permitted.

KSC continues to manage and operate unmanned rocket launch facilities for the U.S. government's civilian space program from three pads at the adjoining Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Its Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) is the fourth-largest structure in the world by volume, and was the largest when completed in 1965.

On December 5, 2014, the KSC launched the first unmanned flight test of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion (spacecraft)) (MPCV), currently under development to facilitate human exploration of the Moon, asteroids, and Mars.

Located on Merritt Island, Florida, the center is north-northwest of Cape Canaveral on the Atlantic Ocean, midway between Miami and Jacksonville (Jacksonville, Florida) on Florida's Space Coast. It is 34 miles (55 km) long and roughly 6 miles (10 km) wide, covering

thumb left STS-60 (File:STS-60 Launch.jpg) shuttle launch from Pad 39A on February 3, 1994 Since December 1968, all launch operations have been conducted from launch pads A and B at LC-39. Both pads are on the ocean, 3 miles (5 km) east of the VAB. From 1969–1972, LC-39 was the departure point for all six Apollo (Apollo program) manned Moon landing missions using the Saturn V, the largest and most powerful operational launch vehicle in history, and was used from 1981–2011 for all Space Shuttle launches. The Shuttle Landing Facility, located just to the north, was used for most Shuttle landings and is among the longest runways in the world. Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF). Science.ksc.nasa.gov. Retrieved on May 5, 2012.

The KSC Industrial Area, where many of the center's support facilities are located, is south of LC-39. It includes the Headquarters Building (KSC Headquarters Building), the Operations and Checkout Building and the Central Instrumentation Facility. KSC was also home to the Merritt Island Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network station (MILA), a key radio communications and spacecraft tracking complex. The center operates its own short-line railroad (NASA Railroad).

KSC is a major central Florida tourist destination and is approximately one hour's drive from the Orlando (Orlando, Florida) area. The Visitor Complex (Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex) offers public tours of the center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Because much of the installation is a restricted area and only nine percent of the land is developed, the site also serves as an important wildlife sanctuary; Mosquito Lagoon, Indian River (Indian River (Florida)), Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and Canaveral National Seashore are other features of the area. Center workers can encounter bald eagles, American alligators, wild boars (Razorback), eastern diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus), Florida panthers and Florida manatees (West Indian manatee). KSC is one of ten major NASA field centers, and has several facilities (Kennedy Space Center#KSC facilities on the National Register of Historic Places) listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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