Kennedy Space Center

What is Kennedy Space Center known for?


significant giving

on board the Orbiter Challenger included the spacecraft commander, Dick Scobee, pilot Michael J. Smith (Michael J. Smith (astronaut)) (USN), mission specialists Dr. Ronald McNair, Lieutenant Colonel Ellison Onizuka (USAF), Dr. Judith Resnik, and fellow civilian payload specialist, Christa McAuliffe. The entire STS 51-L crew died on January 28, 1986 when Challenger exploded during launch. Even at apogee, the fuel needed to reduce inclination to zero can be significant, giving equatorial


technical+projects

in January 1978, and completed one year of evaluation and training in August 1979. Later, he worked in the experimentation team, Orbiter test team, and launch support crew at the Kennedy Space Center for the STS-1 and STS-2. At NASA, he worked on the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL) test and revision software team. He also collaborated on other technical

projects, for instance, as astronaut crew team coordinator. In response to the early Soviet successes, the United States built up a major spaceport complex at Cape Canaveral in Florida. A large number of unmanned flights, as well as the early human flights, were carried out at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. For the Apollo programme, an adjacent spaceport, Kennedy Space Center, was constructed, and achieved the first manned mission to the lunar surface (Apollo 11) in July 1969. It has


service special

: www.nasa.gov returntoflight main index.html (NASA) *The Australian Government (Government of Australia) announces it will send back 150 élite Special Air Service (Australian Special Air Service) troops to Afghanistan, to take part in covert operations and to help thwart a resurgent Taliban. A further 200 troops may also be dispatched to aid reconstruction efforts. (ABC News) * Johnson Space Center (NASA field center, Houston


physical construction

and gantry. Once the concept met with the filmmakers' approval, physical construction began on the sets for the Pod itself, the interior of the elevator, and the gantry, which took almost four months to build. The rest of the effects were compiled digitally by Imageworks. Preparation for the mission began on 3 June, with the assembly of the shuttle's solid rocket boosters (SRB) on the mobile launcher platform. The boosters were stacked on 20 June 1983, and the external tank mated to the assembly on 23 June 1983. ''Challenger'' arrived at Kennedy Space Center on 29 June 1983, and was transferred to the Orbiter Processing Facility on 30 June. After post-flight maintenance and preparation for the new mission, including the installation of most flight payloads, the shuttle was transferred to the Vehicle Assembly Building on 27 July 1983, and mated to the booster tank stack. The stack was checked out on 29 & 30 July 1983, and moved to launch complex 39-A (Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39) on 2 August 1983. Press kit, p. 11; ''Shuttle flight data'', p. 1-270 INSAT-1B was loaded into the orbiter when on the pad; the overall processing time from ''Challenger'' arriving at the Cape Canaveral to being ready for launch was only sixty-two days, a record for the program so far. Evans, p. 75 Subsequent to the Apollo 13 mishap, due to NASA Administrator James M. Beggs' fear of the number 13 and consequent unwillingness to number a forthcoming flight (STS-41-C) as STS-13, "Robert L. Crippen", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 26 May 2006. "Terry J. Hart", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 10 April 2003. "Paul J. Weitz", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 26 March 2000. "James D. A. van Hoften", NASA Johnson Space Center Oral History Project, 5 December 2007. beginning in 1984, each mission was also assigned a code, such as STS-41-B, with the first digit indicating the federal fiscal year offset into the program (so 41-B was scheduled for FY 1984, 51-L originally for FY 1985 and the third flight in FY 1995 would have been named 151-C), the second digit indicating the launch site (1 was Kennedy Space Center and 2 was Shuttle Launch Complex (SLC) 6 (Vandenberg AFB Space Launch Complex 6) at Vandenberg Air Force Base, although Vandenberg was never used), and the letter indicating scheduling sequence. As with the sequential numbers, these codes were assigned when the launches were initially scheduled and were not changed as missions were delayed or rescheduled. * James McDivitt, astronaut (born in Chicago; moved to '''Jackson (Jackson, Michigan)''') * Donald R. McMonagle, astronaut and Manager of Launch Integration at the Kennedy Space Center (born in '''Flint (Flint, Michigan)''') * Philip Orin Parmelee, aviation pioneer trained by the Wright brothers (born in '''Matherton (Matherton, Michigan)'''; raised in '''Saint Johns (Saint Johns, Michigan)''') Had Lawrence lived he likely would have been among the MOL astronauts who transferred to NASA (NASA Astronaut Group 7) after the program's cancellation, all of whom flew on the Space Shuttle. Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


production+voice

39 LC-39B LSP United Space Alliance In May 2010 Ryan returned to work on ''Transformers: Dark of the Moon'', once again as the onset voice of the Autobots. Work on this third Michael Bay Blockbuster continued at locations across the US and also at Kennedy Space Center - Cape Canaveral. The film was shot in 3D with post production voice-work carrying on into the spring of 2011. Ryan contributed several military lines to the final cut of '' Transformers: Dark


support training

contact, fast scan and slow scan TV, and packet radio. Several hundred contacts were made with amateur radio operators around the world. Mission duration was 143 hours, 32 minutes, 44 seconds. *Development of nitrox diving to support training for the Hubble Space Telescope repair and on a variety of Space Station EVA developments Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


world largest

and house American manned launch vehicles from 1968-2011. At 3,664,883 cubic meters, it is one of the largest buildings (List of largest buildings in the world) in the world by volume. Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


program development

City, Russia ; Stafford Task Force; and the first manager of Space Shuttle Program Development charged with upgrading the Space Shuttle. Readdy served as Associate Administrator, NASA HQ Office of Space Flight that has oversight for the Marshall (Marshall Space Flight Center), Kennedy (Kennedy Space Center), Stennis (John C. Stennis Space Center) and Johnson (Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center) Space Centers as well as programmatic oversight for International Space Station, Space Shuttle, Space Communications and Space Launch Vehicles. NASA experience Selected by NASA as an astronaut candidate in June 1987, Runco qualified for assignment as an astronaut mission specialist in August 1988. A veteran of three space flights (STS-44 in 1991, STS-54 in 1993, and STS-77 in 1996), Mario has logged over 551 hours in space which includes a 4.5 hour spacewalk during his STS-54 mission. His technical assignments to date include having served in Operations Development, where he assisted in the design, development and testing of the Space Shuttle crew escape system; in Mission Support, at the Software Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL), where he performed test and evaluation of Space Shuttle mission-specific flight software; at the Kennedy Space Center, as Astronaut Support, where he assisted in preparing Space Shuttle missions for launch, and in the Mission Control Center as a Capsule (Spacecraft) Communicator (CAPCOM). Mario currently serves as an Earth and Planetary Scientist and is the Lead for Science and Utilization of the International Space Station’s Destiny Module Science Window and the Window Observational Research Facility (WORF) both of which he helped design. Searfoss served as STS-58 pilot on the seven-person life science research mission aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia, launching from the Kennedy Space Center on October 18, 1993, and landing at Edwards Air Force Base on November 1, 1993. The crew performed neurovestibular, cardiovascular, cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and musculoskeletal medical experiments on themselves and 48 rats, expanding our knowledge of human and animal physiology both on earth and in space flight. In addition, the crew performed 16 engineering tests aboard the Orbiter Columbia and 20 Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project experiments. The mission was accomplished in 225 orbits of the Earth. thumb upright Sega was the flight engineer of STS-60 (File:Wake shield facility.jpg), during which the Wake Shield Facility was deployed. STS-60 was the first joint U.S. (United States) Russian Space Shuttle mission. Launched on February 3, 1994, STS-60 was the second flight of the Space Habitation Module-2 (Spacehab-2), and the first flight of the Wake Shield Facility (WSF-1). During the 8-day flight, the crew of ''Discovery'' (Space Shuttle Discovery) conducted a wide variety of biological, materials science, earth observation, and life science experiments. Sega was the flight engineer for ascent and entry on this mission, performed several experiments on orbit, and operated the robotic arm, berthing the Wake Shield onto its payload bay carrier on four separate occasions. Following 130 orbits of the Earth in 3,439,705 miles, STS-60 landed at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on February 11, 1994. With the completion of his first space flight, Sega logged 8 days, 7 hours, 9 minutes in space. NASA career Spring was selected as an astronaut in May 1980. His technical assignments have included software verification at the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory and Flight Simulation Laboratory; vehicle and satellite integration at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, for STS-5, 6 (STS-6), 7 (STS-7), 8 (STS-8), and 9 (STS-9); Astronaut Office EVA (Extra Vehicular Activity) expert; and Space Station construction, EVA maintenance, and design. Spring served as a mission specialist on STS-61B which flew November 26, 1985 through December 3, 1985. During that mission he was responsible for launching three communications satellites and performed two EVAs. During the EVAs, which totaled more than 12 hours, Spring investigated Space Station construction techniques, large structure manipulation while on the end of the remote arm, and a time and motion study for comparison between Earth training and Space performance, with the EASE ACCESS (Experimental Assembly of Structures in EVA and Assembly Concept for Construction of Erectable Space Structures) experiment. With the completion of STS-61-B, he has logged a total of 165 hours in space, including over 12 hours of EVA. After the Challenger accident, Spring participated in the Kennedy Space Center Tiger Team for accident investigation, then led the Astronaut Office EVA (Extra Vehicle Activity) program until 1988. STS-29 Space Shuttle Discovery (March 13–18, 1989) was launched from Kennedy Space Center. During 80 orbits of the earth on this highly successful five-day mission, the crew deployed a Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, and performed numerous secondary experiments, including a Space Station "heat pipe" radiator experiment, two student experiments, a protein crystal growth experiment, and a chromosome and plant cell division experiment. In addition, the crew took over 4,000 photographs of the earth using several types of cameras, including the IMAX 70 mm movie camera. Mission duration was 119 hours and concluded with a landing at Edwards Air Force Base. In September 1993, Smith became the first member of the 1992 astronaut class to receive a flight assignment. He has served as the Astronaut Office representative for the Space Shuttle Main Engines, the solid rocket boosters, the external tank (Space shuttle external tank), and shuttle safety. Smith was also assigned to duties at the Kennedy Space Center for a year and a half as a member of the astronaut support team. The team was responsible for space shuttle prelaunch vehicle checkout, crew ingress and strap-in prior to launch, and crew egress post landing. After STS-103, he served as the Deputy Chief Astronaut for a year. NASA career Selected by NASA in December 1994, Sturckow reported to the Johnson Space Center in March 1995. He completed a year of training and evaluation and was assigned to work technical issues for the Vehicle Systems and Operations Branch of the Astronaut Office. He currently serves as Deputy for the Shuttle Operations Branch of the Astronaut Office, and also serves as Lead for Kennedy Space Center Operations Support. Before STS-128 Sturckow was a veteran of three space flights and has logged over 904 hours in space. He served as pilot on STS-88 in 1998 (the first International Space Station assembly mission), and most recently on STS-105 in 2001. Sturckow was the commander of the STS-117 mission. Sturckow was the commander of the STS-128 mission launched on August 28, 2009. Space Shuttle Discovery (w:Space Shuttle Discovery) has successfully launched from Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida on mission STS-128 (w:STS-128). Discovery took off at 11:59 p.m. (EDT (w:Eastern Time Zone)) for a 13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). On Thursday, NASA officials confirmed that a small plastic bag of cocaine (w:cocaine) was found two days before in a secure space shuttle (w:space shuttle) processing facility within the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) located in Merritt Island (w:Merritt Island), Florida (w:Florida). ''Atlantis'' lifted off in fair weather at 2:20 p.m. EDT (1820 UTC) from the Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Cape Canaveral (w:Cape Canaveral), Florida. The launch was viewed by over 40,000 spectators at Kennedy, including a small group chosen by NASA (w:NASA) for a space "tweetup (w:Twitter)". Carrying six veteran astronauts and an assortment of parts for the International Space Station (w:International Space Station) (ISS), the shuttle took off without any delays. This mission, scheduled to take twelve days, is the aging shuttle's 32nd voyage into space of its 25-year career. thumbnail left Space Shuttle Atlantis landing for the last time. (File:STS-132 landing.jpg) Space Shuttle Atlantis (:Category:Space Shuttle Atlantis) landed Wednesday, May 26, at Kennedy Space Center (w:Kennedy Space Center) in Florida, after 11 days, 18 hours and 4.8 million miles in space on mission STS-132 (w:STS-132).


discovery

work New York Times accessdate May 2, 2010 '''Space Shuttle ''Discovery''''' (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: '''OV-103''') is one of the retired Space Shuttle orbiter orbiters

of the Space Shuttle program of NASA, the space agency of the United States, and was operational from its maiden flight, STS-41-D on August 30, 1984, until its final landing

during STS-133 on March 9, 2011. Prior to its retirement, ''Discovery'' was NASA's Orbiter Fleet leader, having flown 39 successful missions in over 27 years of service. In 1984, ''Discovery'' became the third operational orbiter following ''Columbia (Space Shuttle Columbia)'' and ''Challenger (Space Shuttle Challenger)'',


high made

cooperative materials science payload (OSTA-2): and operated the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES) and the Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) experiments, in addition to activating seven Getaway Specials, Mission duration was 147 hours before landing at Edwards Air Force Base, California, on June 24, 1983.

Kennedy Space Center

The '''John F. Kennedy Space Center''' ('''KSC''') is the NASA facility supporting Launch Complex 39 (Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39) (LC-39), originally built for the Saturn V, the largest and most powerful operational launch vehicle in history, for the Apollo manned Moon landing program (Apollo program) proposed by President John F. Kennedy. It was named in honor of Kennedy by his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson, shortly after Kennedy's death in 1963.

Since the end of the Apollo program in 1972, LC-39 has been used to launch every NASA human space flight, including Skylab (1973), the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (1974), and the Space Shuttle program (1981-2011). KSC also has a facility which was used for landing the reusable Space Shuttle orbiters when weather permitted.

KSC continues to manage and operate unmanned rocket launch facilities for the U.S. government's civilian space program from three pads at the adjoining Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Its Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) is the fourth-largest structure in the world by volume, and was the largest when completed in 1965.

On December 5, 2014, the KSC launched the first unmanned flight test of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion (spacecraft)) (MPCV), currently under development to facilitate human exploration of the Moon, asteroids, and Mars.

Located on Merritt Island, Florida, the center is north-northwest of Cape Canaveral on the Atlantic Ocean, midway between Miami and Jacksonville (Jacksonville, Florida) on Florida's Space Coast. It is 34 miles (55 km) long and roughly 6 miles (10 km) wide, covering

thumb left STS-60 (File:STS-60 Launch.jpg) shuttle launch from Pad 39A on February 3, 1994 Since December 1968, all launch operations have been conducted from launch pads A and B at LC-39. Both pads are on the ocean, 3 miles (5 km) east of the VAB. From 1969–1972, LC-39 was the departure point for all six Apollo (Apollo program) manned Moon landing missions using the Saturn V, the largest and most powerful operational launch vehicle in history, and was used from 1981–2011 for all Space Shuttle launches. The Shuttle Landing Facility, located just to the north, was used for most Shuttle landings and is among the longest runways in the world. Shuttle Landing Facility (SLF). Science.ksc.nasa.gov. Retrieved on May 5, 2012.

The KSC Industrial Area, where many of the center's support facilities are located, is south of LC-39. It includes the Headquarters Building (KSC Headquarters Building), the Operations and Checkout Building and the Central Instrumentation Facility. KSC was also home to the Merritt Island Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network station (MILA), a key radio communications and spacecraft tracking complex. The center operates its own short-line railroad (NASA Railroad).

KSC is a major central Florida tourist destination and is approximately one hour's drive from the Orlando (Orlando, Florida) area. The Visitor Complex (Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex) offers public tours of the center and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Because much of the installation is a restricted area and only nine percent of the land is developed, the site also serves as an important wildlife sanctuary; Mosquito Lagoon, Indian River (Indian River (Florida)), Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge and Canaveral National Seashore are other features of the area. Center workers can encounter bald eagles, American alligators, wild boars (Razorback), eastern diamondback rattlesnakes (Crotalus adamanteus), Florida panthers and Florida manatees (West Indian manatee). KSC is one of ten major NASA field centers, and has several facilities (Kennedy Space Center#KSC facilities on the National Register of Historic Places) listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

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