) *Official website of the Kalmyk State University WikiPedia:Kalmykia Commons:Category:Kalmykia
Respublika Kalmykiya p rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə kɐlˈmɨkʲɪjə ; It is the only region in Europe where Buddhism is the plurality religion.
leaders, the nobility and the clergy, as they always had been. To the Soviet authorities, Kalmykia's leaders were sources of anti-Communism and Kalmyk nationalism. Later on, the authorities would persecute Kalmyk leaders through executions, deportations to labor camps in Siberia and the confiscation of property. After establishing control, the Soviet authorities did not overtly enforce an anti-religion policy, other than through passive means, because it sought to bring Mongolia Bawden
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Kalmyk dance *Horseback riding *Tullip-watching lasts from the end of April till the first week of May, when the steppes is being covered with wild red flowers Eat *'''Berk''' — Kalmyk traditional dumplings are larger and contain more meat than your average meat dumplings *'''Bortsg''' — Kalmyk traditional frybread *'''Makahan''' — Kalmyk dry horse meat sausage *'''Makhan sheltagan''' — Kalmyk traditional soup, contains a lot of meat and potato
end of Lake Issyk-kul in present-day Kirghizia. Some linguists recognize a proposed language family called the Altaic languages that is held by its proponents to include the Turkic (Turkic languages), Mongolic (Mongolic languages), Tungusic (Tungusic languages), and sometimes the Japonic language families and the Korean language isolate. Georg, Stefan, Peter A. Michalove, Alexis Manaster Ramer, and Paul J. Sidwell. 1999. "
. German benevolence, however, did not extend to all people living in the Kalmyk ASSR. At least 93 Jewish families, for example, were rounded up and killed. The total Jewish dead numbered approximately 100. *Kalmüken Verband Dr. Doll (Kalmukian Volunteers) *Abwehrtrupp 103 (Kalmukian Volunteers) *Kalmücken-Legion or Kalmücken-Kavallerie-Korps (Kalmukian Volunteers) The Kalmyk units were extremely
successful in flushing out and killing Soviet partisans. But by December 1942, the Soviet Red army retook the Kalmyk ASSR, forcing the Kalmyks assigned to those units to flee, in some cases, with their wives and children in hand. The Kalmyk units retreated westward into unfamiliar territory with the retreating German army and were reorganized into the Kalmuck Legion, although the Kalmyks themselves preferred the name Kalmuck Cavalry Corps. The casualty rate also increased substantially
Ilyumzhinov Kirsan Nikolayevich Ilyumzhinov . He is also the president of the world chess organization FIDE. He has spent much of his fortune on promoting chess in Kalmykia—where chess is compulsory in all primary schools—and also overseas, with Elista, the capital of Kalmykia, hosting many international tournaments. In the late 1990s, the Ilyumzhinov government was alleged to be spending too much government money on chess-related projects. The allegations were published in Sovietskaya
was formed into a separate banner in Bulgan Province, Khovd Province; but they were counted as Torghut who migrated with them in much larger number. Kalmykia is a national republic within the Russian Federation. The '''music of Kalmykia''' has its roots in the musical culture of Oirats, slightly influenced by Turkic, Caucasian and Russian music and instrumentation. Traditional instruments include the dombra, which is used to accompany dance music. The state folk ensemble
taken by Soviet authorities to control the people included the imposition of a harsh church tax to close churches, monasteries and parish schools. Public education became mandatory to indoctrinate the youth. The Cyrillic script replaced Todo Bichig, the traditional Kalmyk vertical script. In spite of these measures, some of the better known Kalmyk monasteries were able to expand their religious and educational work. The Kalmyks of the Don Host (Don Voisko Oblast), however, were not so
. Tibetan Buddhism in the contemporary world Today, Tibetan Buddhism is adhered to widely in the Tibetan Plateau, Nepal, Bhutan, Mongolia, Kalmykia (on the north-west shore of the Caspian), Siberia and Russian Far East (Tuva and Buryatia (Republic of Buryatia)). The Indian regions of Sikkim and Ladakh, both formerly independent kingdoms, are also home to significant Tibetan Buddhist populations. In the wake of the Tibetan diaspora, Tibetan
, Armenia, but who, just two years later (1998 in sports), at the 33rd Chess Olympiad in Elista, Kalmykia, Russia, was his team's top player—compiling a 59 per cent winning percentage and losing just two of his eleven games&mdash;gained international prominence in 2000 (2000 in sports), when, at the 34th Olympiad, held in Istanbul, Turkey, he finished the tournament having conceded just five draw (draw (chess))s and no losses across his twelve
The '''Republic of Kalmykia''' (
It is the only region in Europe where Buddhism is the plurality religion. It has become well known as an international center for chess because its former President, Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, is the head of the International Chess Federation (FIDE).