on 2004–06: Chananel Ben Chushiel (Rabbeinu Chananel) and Nissim Gaon (Nissim Ben Jacob) of Kairouan, though not holders of the office of Gaon, are often ranked among the Geonim. Others, perhaps more logically, consider them as constituting the first generation of Rishonim. Maimonides sometimes uses the term "Geonim" in an extended sense, to mean "leading authorities", regardless of what country they lived
, 324; Mack, Chapter 1, and passim throughout; The Art of the Umayyad Period in Spain (711–1031), Metropolitan Museum of Art timeline Retrieved April 1, 2011 Islamic art covers a wide variety of media including calligraphy, illustrated manuscripts, textiles, ceramics, metalwork and glass, and refers to the art of Muslim countries in the Near East, Islamic Spain, and Northern Africa, though by no means always Muslim artists
-Heptapyrgion spolia 3.jpg thumb Fragments of Greek inscriptions in the masonry of the Ottoman Heptapyrgion (Heptapyrgion (Thessaloniki)) (Yedikule) fortress (1431), Thessaloniki. '''Spolia''' (Latin, 'spoils') is a modern art-historical term used to describe the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments. The practice was common in late antiquity: Roman examples include the Arch of Janus, the earlier imperial reliefs reused on the Arch of Constantine
;ref name "CIA World Fact Book Tunisia" ''The World Factbook'' on "Tunisia". * Istanbul, Turkey File:Casa Mila interior arches.jpg Catenary arches inside Casa Milà in Barcelona, Spain by Antoni Gaudí File:Great Mosque of Kairouan gallery.jpg Arches
Mosque of Kairouan is located in the World Heritage city of Kairouan in Tunisia. '''Cultural tourism''' (or '''culture tourism''') is the subset of tourism concerned with a country or region's culture, specifically the lifestyle of the people in those geographical areas, the history of those people, their art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped shape their way of life. Cultural tourism includes tourism in urban areas, particularly historic or large cities
first Julie title Ripley's Believe It or Not! Encyclopedia of the Bizarre: Amazing, Strange, Inexplicable, Weird and All True! publisher Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers location New York year 2004 isbn 1-57912-399-6 page 47 The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Great Mosque of Sidi-Uqba) is considered as one of the most important monuments of Islamic civilization as well as a worldwide architectural masterpiece.
and research, particularly in the dissemination of medical science knowledge. In mathematics, contributions to computational algorithms were also made in Kairouan. The Arabs then erected buildings specific to Islamic architecture. While some retain a Byzantine essence, such as Three Doors Mosque in Kairouan (built in the ninth century) or ribat Sousse, many of the ancient columns are purely Arab such as the great Zitouna Mosque of Tunis (ninth century
-Heptapyrgion spolia 3.jpg thumb Fragments of Greek inscriptions in the masonry of the Ottoman Heptapyrgion (Heptapyrgion (Thessaloniki)) (Yedikule) fortress (1431), Thessaloniki. '''Spolia''' (Latin, 'spoils') is a modern art-historical term used to describe the re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments. The practice was common in late antiquity: Roman examples include the Arch of Janus, the earlier imperial reliefs reused on the Arch of Constantine, the colonnade of Old Saint Peter's Basilica; examples in Byzantine territories include the exterior sculpture on the Church of Panagia Gorgoepikoos in Athens); in the medieval West Roman tiles were reused in St Albans Cathedral, porphyry columns in the Palatine Chapel in Aachen, and the colonnade of the basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere. Spolia in the medieval Islamic world include the columns in the hypostyle mosques of Kairouan and Cordoba (Mezquita). ''Iwan mosques'' are most notable for their domed chambers and ''iwans'', which are vaulted spaces open out on one end. In ''iwan'' mosques, one or more iwans face a central courtyard that serves as the prayer hall. The style represents a borrowing from pre-Islamic Iranian architecture and has been used almost exclusively for mosques in Iran. Many ''iwan'' mosques are converted Zoroastrian (Zoroastrism) fire temples where the courtyard was used to house the sacred fire. Today, iwan mosques are no longer built. The Shah Mosque in Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), Iran is a classic example of an ''iwan'' mosque. right thumb View of the square three-tiered minaret of the Mosque of Uqba (File:Mosque of Uqba minaret.jpg) (Great Mosque of Kairouan); this mosque, founded in 670, is one of the most impressive mosques in North Africa, situated in Kairouan, Tunisia '''Jeunesse Sportive Kairouanaise''' ( commons:Qairawān
'''Kairouan''' (''Arabic'': القيروان) and sometimes spelled '''Kairwan''', '''Kayrawan''' or '''Al Qayrawan''' is a city in Tunisia. It's a holy city in Islam, ranking fourth after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage. Reputedly seven visits here are the equivalent of one to Mecca. With it's large mosques and rich cultural history it has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (UNESCO World Heritage List). Get in thumb 200px Minaret of the Great Mosque (Image:Grande mosquée Kairouan minaret.jpg) *Buses run to Kairouan from the major cities, Tunis, Sousse, and Sfax. Note that touts from the carpets shops have been known to board the bus a few kilometres outside the city and befriend tourists to lure them into their shops, it is good to be aware of this fact. *Louages run from many destinations into Kairouan; these are probably the best and most frequent way to get into the city. *Kairouan is not located on a train line. The stations for both busses and Louages are to the North West of the Medina. Though they may well drop you off at a Medina Gate if requested. Get around The Medina is best explored on foot, partially to absorb the atmosphere and partially because some areas are inaccessible to anything bigger. Many of the shops near the main mosque will tempt you in with views over the complex, expect to have a look around the shop on the way out, if you don't buy anything a small donation would be polite. See thumb 200px Ancient Roman columns in the Great Mosque of Kairouan (File:Ancient Roman columns in the Great Mosque of Kairouan.jpg) The old '''Medina''' with it's narrow passageways and streets is in general a nice place to just wander around aimlessly. If it looks familiar it may well be as it was used in ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'' to double as Cairo. For those interested in Islamic teachings there are several madrasas, or Islamic schools, in the centre of town that are open for visitors. *
and Almoravids (Almoravid dynasty) came into power, and the record shows demands made that the local Christians of Tunis to convert to Islam. We still have reports of Christian inhabitants and a bishop in the city of Kairouan around 1150 AD - a significant report, since this city was founded by Arab Muslims around 680 AD as their administrative center after their conquest. A letter in Catholic Church archives from the 14th century shows that there were still four bishoprics left
fundamentalist regimes of the Almohads (Almohad dynasty) and Almoravids (Almoravid dynasty) came into power, and the record shows demands made that the local Christians of Tunis to convert to Islam. We still have reports of Christian inhabitants and a bishop in the city of Kairouan around 1150 AD - a significant report, since this city was founded by Arab Muslims around 680 AD as their administrative center after their conquest. A letter in Catholic Church archives from the 14th century
'''Kairouan''' ( and thus attracting a large number of Muslims from various parts of the world, next only to Mecca and Medina. The holy Mosque of Uqba is situated in the city. Europa Publications “General Survey: Holy Places” ''The Middle East and North Africa 2003'', p. 147. Routledge, 2003. ISBN 1-85743-132-4. “The city is regarded as a holy place for Muslims.” title Hutchinson Encyclopedia 1996 Edition publisher Helicon Publishing Ltd, Oxford year 1996 page 572 doi isbn 1-85986-107-5
In 2014, the city had about 186,653 inhabitants.