; * Estimation: Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Kaifeng, capital of China. Asia * January 9 – Jurchen (Jin Dynasty (1115–1234)) forces sack the Song (Northern Song Dynasty) Chinese (China) capital of Kaifeng (the Jingkang Incident, 靖康事變), and begin more than a century of political division between northern and southern China. * The '' Dream Pool
the time on plaque (:wikt:plaque)s. Asia * Estimation: Kaifeng, capital of China becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Córdoba (Córdoba, Spain) in Al-Andalus. Geography at about.com * The largest of the ''Four Great Books of Song'', the Song Dynasty Chinese encyclopedia ''Prime Tortoise of the Record Bureau'' (which had been compiled since 1005), is completed
administrative center, only the city area inside the inner city wall of the early Song Dynasty remained settled and the two outer rings were abandoned. One major problem associated with Kaifeng as the imperial capital of the Song Dynasty was its location. While it was conveniently situated along the Grand Canal (Grand Canal (China)) for logistic supply, Kaifeng was militarily vulnerable due to its position on the flood plains of the Yellow River. Kaifeng served as the Jurchen "
. Henan is one of the few provinces which has many historical relics in the country. There are 16 key national units of protecting historical relics and 267 provincial units of protecting historical relics. The over-ground historical relics are the second in China in number. Historical relics in museums take up one-eighth of those in China, and the underground historical relics are the first in China in number. In Henan Museum there are 120,000 historical relics, including over 40,000 rare ones. In the 12th century, China's first permanent standing navy was established by the Southern Song Dynasty, the headquarters of the Admiralty stationed at Ding-hai. This came about after the conquest of northern China by the Jurchen people (see Jin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty (1115-1234))) in 1127, while the Chinese court fled south from Kaifeng to Hangzhou. Equipped with the magnetic compass and knowledge of Shen Kuo's famous treatise (on the concept of true north), the Chinese became proficient experts of navigation in their day. They raised their naval strength from a mere 11 squadrons of 3,000 marines to 20 squadrons of 52,000 marines in a century's time. The battle for Beijing was long and tiresome, but the Mongols proved to be more powerful as they finally took the city on June 1, 1215, massacring its inhabitants. WikiPedia:Kaifeng
astronomical clock and rotating armillary sphere still relied on the use of flowing water (i.e. hydraulics), while European clockworks of the following centuries shed this old method for a more efficient driving power of weights, in addition to the escapement mechanism. During the reign of the Yongle Emperor (early 15th century), his relative from Kaifeng sent him a captured ''zouyu'' (騶虞 (:zh:騶虞)), and another ''zouyu'' was sighted in Shandong. ''Zouyu'' is a legendary "righteous
down the Southern Song (Song Dynasty), establishing the Yuan Dynasty in 1271. The precise movements of the Hakka people remain unclear during the 14th century when the Ming Dynasty overthrew the Yuan and subsequently fell to the Manchus who formed the Qing Dynasty in 17th century. Hakka have suffered persecution and discrimination ever since they started migrating to southern parts of China. - 1094 Clock tower of Su Song is completed in Kaifeng, featuring
philosophically, his studies thus take a very class-centric view and reasoning. Born a son of a Hui (Hui people) merchant in Kaifeng, he became literate in Arabic (Arabic language) from his mother and aunt. WikiPedia:Kaifeng
, 269. The exact date of the Hong Gou's construction is uncertain; it is first mentioned by the diplomat Su Qin in 330 BC when discussing state boundaries. Needham, Volume 4, Part 3, 270. The historian Sima Qian (145–90 BC) dated it much earlier than the 4th century BC, attributing it to the work of Yu the Great; modern scholars now consider it to belong to the 6th century BC. ref name "needham volume
Road, Longting District (龙亭区龙亭西路5号; Lóngtíngqū Lóngtíngxīlù) lat long directions Bus 1, 15, 20 phone +86 378 5663819 tollfree fax hours 09:00-22:00 price ¥80 content This park is based on a Song Dynasty painting called ''Going Upriver for Qingming Festival''. It illustrates Song Dynasty daily life, shops and workshops. The origianl painting can be seen the Forbidden City in Beijing. Copies can be bought in the park. Museums *
during the Qi Dynasty with new buildings added in 1661 and 1766. The entire complex has 64 temples but the three main halls are of the greatest interest. The large rectangular Tathagata Hall (Daxiongbaodian) is where monks perform daily chanting rituals in front of three huge Buddhas. In the middle is an impressive bronze Sakyamuni, left is Amitabha and right is the Medicine Buddha, each with a silk hood surrounding their head. At the back of the three Buddhas is a Goddess of Mercy standing
'''Kaifeng''' ( ), known previously by several names (see below), is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan province (province of China), People's Republic of China. It was once the capital of the Northern Song Dynasty.
There are currently nearly 5 million people living in its metropolitan area. Located along the southern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the west, Xinxiang to the northwest, Shangqiu to the east, Zhoukou to the southeast, Xuchang to the southwest, and the province of Shandong to the northeast.