Joseon

What is Joseon known for?


cultural social

last3 Palais first3 James B. title East Asia: A Cultural, Social, and Political History year 2006 publisher Houghton Mifflin Press location Boston and New York isbn 0-618-13384-4 . * . *


contemporary romantic

airing in December 2011 on newly launched cable channel jTBC (Joongang Tongyang Broadcasting Company). Han Ji-min confirmed for drama "Padam Padam... The Sound of His and Her Heartbeats" with Jeong Woo-seong HanCinema. August 9, 2011. She has been cast in fantasy-sageuk-contemporary romantic comedy fusion drama ''Rooftop


paintings sculptures

and the Malla Purana, and Korean martial arts with Joseon era texts such as Muyejebo (1598). "Historical martial arts" in both Asia and Europe are mostly based on such records of the late medieval to early modern period (15th to 17th centuries; see also Koryū). Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism (Buddhism in Korea) and Confucianism (Korean Confucianism), which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts. Korean painting, Asia Art Korean pottery and porcelain, such as Joseon's ''baekja (Joseon white porcelain)'' and buncheong, and Goryeo's celadon are well known throughout the world. Korean Pottery and Celadon, Asian Relocation Management Korea The Korean tea ceremony, pansori, talchum and buchaechum are also notable Korean performing arts. He may have suffered from undisclosed impotence in his later life. He is remembered very much for his cruelty, just like his father. He killed most of the Jian Wen palace servants, tortured many Jianwen Emperor loyalists to death, killed or by other means badly treated their relatives. Bo Yang, ''中國人史綱'', ch.28 宋端儀, ''立齋閑錄'', vol.2 陸人龍, ''型世言'', ch.1 建文帝出亡宁德之谜揭秘八:建文帝出亡闽东金邶寺 His successor emperor freed most of them alive. In 1420, he ordered 2,800 ladies-in-waiting to a slow slicing death, and watched, because he thought one of his favourite Joseon concubine had been poisoned. 李朝實錄太宗實錄 However, unlike his father, he did not kill most of his generals, and he entrusted power to eunuchs like Zheng He, with serious consequences for subsequent Ming emperors. He showed some regrets over his cruelty, built the Yongle bell, but still had about thirty beautiful women hanged to be buried with him after he died. 李朝實錄世宗實錄 ::South Koreans call Korea ''Hanguk'' from the Great Han Empire of 1897–1910 ::North Koreans call it ''Joseon'' ( ) (1549–1598) was a Chinese general of Ming empire who is from the town of Tieling (Chinese:鐵嶺衛), LiaoDong (Chinese:遼東) province,he was the Commander-in-chief of the Ming Empire (Ming Dynasty)'s army in the first half of the "Sino-Japanese War"(1592–1598) took place in Korea peninsula. The war was ordered by Emperor titled ShenZong (Wanli Emperor) (Chinese:明神宗) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 冬十月壬寅,李如松提督蓟、辽、保定、山东军务,充防海御倭总兵官,救朝鲜。-《明史》 to protect Korea (Joseon) from the Japanese invasion (Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)) masterminded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, upon the request of the King of Korea- Li Yan (Seonjo of Joseon) (Chinese:李昖), http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 五月,倭犯朝鲜,陷王京,朝鲜王李昖公奔义州求救。-《明史》 as well as following Ming empire's obligation to protect its vassal state(In Ming dynasty,Korea was considered part of China,unlike the present concept of "vassal state".) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 320.htm 朝鲜在明虽称属国,而无异域内。-《明史》 His father was Li Chengliang (Chinese:李成梁),was also a famed army commander of Ming empire,was known for his accomplishment of defending LiaoDong province from Manchus. http: www.read126.cn 194c6894-51d5-4df3-a4bc-fa1282139f82!39f5412a-ad19-49c8-bffc-bceba1682122.html 成梁英毅骁健,有大将才。家贫,不能袭职,年四十犹为诸生。巡按御史器之,资入京,乃得袭。积功为辽东险山参将。隆庆元年,士蛮大入永平。成梁赴援有功,进副总兵,仍守险山。寻协守辽阳。三年四月,张摆失等屯塞下,成梁迎击斩之,歼其卒百六十有奇。-《明史》 Based on historical document Li Rusong's 6th generation ancestor Li Ying(Chinese:李英) is originally from the Korean town of Chosan in present-day North Korea (Hangul: 초산군, Hanja: 楚山郡,Chinese:楚山郡). But there is also historical document states that the further ancestor of family Li was from central China,who moved to Korea during war time. http: baike.baidu.com view 70277.htm 有考证说李如松祖籍为陇西,唐朝末年为避乱迁入朝鲜,祖上旅居朝鲜的先祖可以追查四代,名为:李哲根穗、李哈山、李厦霸努、李把图理。李把图理的儿子“李膺尼,洪武渡江 李如松 李如松 归附”明朝,归附后“授总旗”,高祖李英,授世铁岭指挥佥事,从此李氏便在铁岭安家落户。到了李如松的父亲李成梁这一代,李氏一门世袭官爵,族亲旺盛,成了明清以来铁岭著名的大户。 Expulsion Jang's extraordinary accomplishments earned him much trust of the king. Some government officials were very jealous of Jang, especially when he had achieved so much regardless of his common origin. Furthermore, as Joseon's society was rooted in Korean Confucianism, scientists and engineers were held in low esteem in parallel with craftsmen. *Chosen Army of Japan, the occupation army under Japanese rule (Korea under Japanese rule). *Chosŏn, see under Joseon or Joseon Dynasty. *''Chosun Ilbo'', a South Korean newspaper. According to Annals of Joseon Dynasty, Nam Gon now set out to slander Jo and wrote a phrase "Ju cho will become the king" (주초위왕, 走肖爲王)" with honey or sugary water on mulberry leaves so that caterpillars left behind such phrase on leaves in the palace. Annals, September 21, 1568 When two Hanja (Chinese) characters "ju"(走) and "cho"(肖) are put together, they form a new Hanja character "jo"(趙), which happen to be Jo Gwang-jo's family name. Consort Hong or Consort Park showed the leaf to Jungjong and claimed that this was the heaven's warning that Jo would take the throne himself after eliminating Hungu faction. Jungjong, who himself rose to the throne through a coup d'état, began to distrust Jo Gwang-jo. It should be noted that when Goryeo dynasty fell and was replaced by Joseon dynasty, there was popular saying "Son of wood will gain the country" (목자득국 木子得國). When two Hanja characters meaning wood(木) and son(子) are combined, they form a new character "yi"(李), which happens to be the family name of Yi Seoung-gye (Taejo of Joseon), who deposed the last king of Goryeo and founded Joseon dynasty. These phrases helped Yi Seoung-gye win popular support for the new dynasty as heaven's will.


poetry food

, the ''Annals'' are the 151st national treasure of Korea (National treasures of Korea) and listed in UNESCO's Memory of the World registry. !-- Poetry Food and cuisine Philosophy


quick campaign

overran Joseon's defense. ) (1549–1598) was a Chinese general of Ming empire who is from the town of Tieling (Chinese:鐵嶺衛), LiaoDong (Chinese:遼東) province,he was the Commander-in-chief of the Ming Empire (Ming Dynasty)'s army in the first half of the "Sino-Japanese War"(1592–1598) took place in Korea peninsula. The war was ordered by Emperor titled ShenZong (Wanli Emperor) (Chinese:明神宗) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 冬十月壬寅,李如松提督蓟、辽、保定、山东军务,充防海御倭总兵官,救朝鲜。-《明史》 to protect Korea (Joseon) from the Japanese invasion (Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)) masterminded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, upon the request of the King of Korea- Li Yan (Seonjo of Joseon) (Chinese:李昖), http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 五月,倭犯朝鲜,陷王京,朝鲜王李昖公奔义州求救。-《明史》 as well as following Ming empire's obligation to protect its vassal state(In Ming dynasty,Korea was considered part of China,unlike the present concept of "vassal state".) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 320.htm 朝鲜在明虽称属国,而无异域内。-《明史》 His father was Li Chengliang (Chinese:李成梁),was also a famed army commander of Ming empire,was known for his accomplishment of defending LiaoDong province from Manchus. http: www.read126.cn 194c6894-51d5-4df3-a4bc-fa1282139f82!39f5412a-ad19-49c8-bffc-bceba1682122.html 成梁英毅骁健,有大将才。家贫,不能袭职,年四十犹为诸生。巡按御史器之,资入京,乃得袭。积功为辽东险山参将。隆庆元年,士蛮大入永平。成梁赴援有功,进副总兵,仍守险山。寻协守辽阳。三年四月,张摆失等屯塞下,成梁迎击斩之,歼其卒百六十有奇。-《明史》 Based on historical document Li Rusong's 6th generation ancestor Li Ying(Chinese:李英) is originally from the Korean town of Chosan in present-day North Korea (Hangul: 초산군, Hanja: 楚山郡,Chinese:楚山郡). But there is also historical document states that the further ancestor of family Li was from central China,who moved to Korea during war time. http: baike.baidu.com view 70277.htm 有考证说李如松祖籍为陇西,唐朝末年为避乱迁入朝鲜,祖上旅居朝鲜的先祖可以追查四代,名为:李哲根穗、李哈山、李厦霸努、李把图理。李把图理的儿子“李膺尼,洪武渡江 李如松 李如松 归附”明朝,归附后“授总旗”,高祖李英,授世铁岭指挥佥事,从此李氏便在铁岭安家落户。到了李如松的父亲李成梁这一代,李氏一门世袭官爵,族亲旺盛,成了明清以来铁岭著名的大户。 Expulsion Jang's extraordinary accomplishments earned him much trust of the king. Some government officials were very jealous of Jang, especially when he had achieved so much regardless of his common origin. Furthermore, as Joseon's society was rooted in Korean Confucianism, scientists and engineers were held in low esteem in parallel with craftsmen. *Chosen Army of Japan, the occupation army under Japanese rule (Korea under Japanese rule). *Chosŏn, see under Joseon or Joseon Dynasty. *''Chosun Ilbo'', a South Korean newspaper. According to Annals of Joseon Dynasty, Nam Gon now set out to slander Jo and wrote a phrase "Ju cho will become the king" (주초위왕, 走肖爲王)" with honey or sugary water on mulberry leaves so that caterpillars left behind such phrase on leaves in the palace. Annals, September 21, 1568 When two Hanja (Chinese) characters "ju"(走) and "cho"(肖) are put together, they form a new Hanja character "jo"(趙), which happen to be Jo Gwang-jo's family name. Consort Hong or Consort Park showed the leaf to Jungjong and claimed that this was the heaven's warning that Jo would take the throne himself after eliminating Hungu faction. Jungjong, who himself rose to the throne through a coup d'état, began to distrust Jo Gwang-jo. It should be noted that when Goryeo dynasty fell and was replaced by Joseon dynasty, there was popular saying "Son of wood will gain the country" (목자득국 木子得國). When two Hanja characters meaning wood(木) and son(子) are combined, they form a new character "yi"(李), which happens to be the family name of Yi Seoung-gye (Taejo of Joseon), who deposed the last king of Goryeo and founded Joseon dynasty. These phrases helped Yi Seoung-gye win popular support for the new dynasty as heaven's will.


traditional paintings

and the Malla Purana, and Korean martial arts with Joseon era texts such as Muyejebo (1598). "Historical martial arts" in both Asia and Europe are mostly based on such records of the late medieval to early modern period (15th to 17th centuries; see also Koryū). Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism (Buddhism in Korea) and Confucianism (Korean Confucianism), which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing


current political

institute to study Confucian philosophy and answer the king's questions. Its officials took part in the daily lessons called ''gyeongyeon'' (경연), in which they discussed history and Confucian philosophy with the king. Since these discussions often led to commentary on current political issues, its officials had significant influence as advisors. It was headed by Chief Scholar (Daejehak·대제학), a part-time post of 2nd senior rank that served concurrently in another high post (such as in State Council


extensive historic

for a Toehold in Korea author The Editors publisher accessdate 3 November 2014 Culture The Joseon Dynasty presided over two periods of great cultural growth, during which Joseon culture created the first Korean tea ceremony, Korean gardens, and extensive historic works. The royal dynasty also built several fortresses and palaces. Clothing left 220px thumb Male(right) and Women(left)'s clothes(Hanbok (File:Hyewon, Weolha-jeongin.jpg)) of Joseon Dynasty. A portrait painted by Shin Yun-bok (1758-?) right 160px thumb Male dress of a Seonbi (File:Korea-Yi Chegwan-Portrait of a Confucian scholar.jpg). A portrait painted by Yi Jaegwan (1783-1837) In Joseon Dynasty, jeogori of women's hanbok became gradually tightened and shortened. In the 16th century, jeogori was baggy and reached below the waist, but by the end of Joseon Dynasty in the 19th century, jeogori was shortened to the point that it did not cover the breasts, so another piece of cloth (''heoritti'') was used to cover them. At the end of 19th century, Daewon-gun introduced Magoja, a Manchu-style jacket, to Korea, which is often worn with hanbok to this day. Chima was full-skirted and jeogori was short and tight in the late Joseon period. Fullness in the skirt was emphasized round the hips. Many undergarments were worn underneath chima such as darisokgot, soksokgot, dansokgot, and gojengi to achieve a desired silhouette. Because jeogori was so short it became natural to expose heoritti or ''heorimari'' which functioned like a corset. The white linen cloth exposed under jeogori in the picture is heoritti. The upper classes wore hanbok of closely woven ramie cloth or other high-grade lightweight materials in warm weather and of plain and patterned silks the rest of the year. Commoners were restricted by law as well as resources to cotton at best. The upper classes wore a variety of colors, though bright colors were generally worn by children and girls and subdued colors by middle-aged men and women. Commoners were restricted by law to everyday clothes of white, but for special occasions they wore dull shades of pale pink, light green, gray, and charcoal. Formally, when Korean men went outdoors, they were required to wear overcoats known as ''durumagi'' which reach the knees. Art ) (1549–1598) was a Chinese general of Ming empire who is from the town of Tieling (Chinese:鐵嶺衛), LiaoDong (Chinese:遼東) province,he was the Commander-in-chief of the Ming Empire (Ming Dynasty)'s army in the first half of the "Sino-Japanese War"(1592–1598) took place in Korea peninsula. The war was ordered by Emperor titled ShenZong (Wanli Emperor) (Chinese:明神宗) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 冬十月壬寅,李如松提督蓟、辽、保定、山东军务,充防海御倭总兵官,救朝鲜。-《明史》 to protect Korea (Joseon) from the Japanese invasion (Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)) masterminded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, upon the request of the King of Korea- Li Yan (Seonjo of Joseon) (Chinese:李昖), http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 五月,倭犯朝鲜,陷王京,朝鲜王李昖公奔义州求救。-《明史》 as well as following Ming empire's obligation to protect its vassal state(In Ming dynasty,Korea was considered part of China,unlike the present concept of "vassal state".) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 320.htm 朝鲜在明虽称属国,而无异域内。-《明史》 His father was Li Chengliang (Chinese:李成梁),was also a famed army commander of Ming empire,was known for his accomplishment of defending LiaoDong province from Manchus. http: www.read126.cn 194c6894-51d5-4df3-a4bc-fa1282139f82!39f5412a-ad19-49c8-bffc-bceba1682122.html 成梁英毅骁健,有大将才。家贫,不能袭职,年四十犹为诸生。巡按御史器之,资入京,乃得袭。积功为辽东险山参将。隆庆元年,士蛮大入永平。成梁赴援有功,进副总兵,仍守险山。寻协守辽阳。三年四月,张摆失等屯塞下,成梁迎击斩之,歼其卒百六十有奇。-《明史》 Based on historical document Li Rusong's 6th generation ancestor Li Ying(Chinese:李英) is originally from the Korean town of Chosan in present-day North Korea (Hangul: 초산군, Hanja: 楚山郡,Chinese:楚山郡). But there is also historical document states that the further ancestor of family Li was from central China,who moved to Korea during war time. http: baike.baidu.com view 70277.htm 有考证说李如松祖籍为陇西,唐朝末年为避乱迁入朝鲜,祖上旅居朝鲜的先祖可以追查四代,名为:李哲根穗、李哈山、李厦霸努、李把图理。李把图理的儿子“李膺尼,洪武渡江 李如松 李如松 归附”明朝,归附后“授总旗”,高祖李英,授世铁岭指挥佥事,从此李氏便在铁岭安家落户。到了李如松的父亲李成梁这一代,李氏一门世袭官爵,族亲旺盛,成了明清以来铁岭著名的大户。 Expulsion Jang's extraordinary accomplishments earned him much trust of the king. Some government officials were very jealous of Jang, especially when he had achieved so much regardless of his common origin. Furthermore, as Joseon's society was rooted in Korean Confucianism, scientists and engineers were held in low esteem in parallel with craftsmen. *Chosen Army of Japan, the occupation army under Japanese rule (Korea under Japanese rule). *Chosŏn, see under Joseon or Joseon Dynasty. *''Chosun Ilbo'', a South Korean newspaper. According to Annals of Joseon Dynasty, Nam Gon now set out to slander Jo and wrote a phrase "Ju cho will become the king" (주초위왕, 走肖爲王)" with honey or sugary water on mulberry leaves so that caterpillars left behind such phrase on leaves in the palace. Annals, September 21, 1568 When two Hanja (Chinese) characters "ju"(走) and "cho"(肖) are put together, they form a new Hanja character "jo"(趙), which happen to be Jo Gwang-jo's family name. Consort Hong or Consort Park showed the leaf to Jungjong and claimed that this was the heaven's warning that Jo would take the throne himself after eliminating Hungu faction. Jungjong, who himself rose to the throne through a coup d'état, began to distrust Jo Gwang-jo. It should be noted that when Goryeo dynasty fell and was replaced by Joseon dynasty, there was popular saying "Son of wood will gain the country" (목자득국 木子得國). When two Hanja characters meaning wood(木) and son(子) are combined, they form a new character "yi"(李), which happens to be the family name of Yi Seoung-gye (Taejo of Joseon), who deposed the last king of Goryeo and founded Joseon dynasty. These phrases helped Yi Seoung-gye win popular support for the new dynasty as heaven's will.


political involvement

-seok) as the crown prince in 1392. This conflict arose largely because Jeong Do-jeon, who shaped and laid down ideological, institutional, and legal foundations of the new dynasty more than anyone else, saw Joseon as a kingdom led by ministers appointed by the king while Yi Bang-won wanted to establish the absolute monarchy ruled directly by the king. With Taejo's support, Jeong Do-jeon kept limiting the royal family's power by prohibiting political involvement of princes and attempting


genre paintings

&i 251983&v 42 Anapji at Encyclopedia of Korean Culture Style and legacy Shin Yun-bok, despite being greatly influenced and overshadowed by Kim Hong-do during his career, developed his own unique technique and artistry. Shin Yun-bok at The Academy of Korean Studies Along with Kim Hong-Do, he is known foremost for his genre

paintings of the Joseon era. Whereas Kim depicted everyday life of peasants with a humorous touch, Shin showed glimpses of eroticism in his paintings of townspeople and ''gisaeng''. His choice of characters, composition, and painting method differed from Kim's, with use of bright colors and delicate paint strokes. He also painted scenes of shamanism and townlife, offering insight to lifestyle and costumes of the late Joseon era. Famous paintings *''Portrait of a Beauty'' (hangul:미인도, hanja: 美人圖) : Painting on silk. Depicts the standard of traditional beauty in the Joseon era. Realistic details of the hanbok are notable. ) (1549–1598) was a Chinese general of Ming empire who is from the town of Tieling (Chinese:鐵嶺衛), LiaoDong (Chinese:遼東) province,he was the Commander-in-chief of the Ming Empire (Ming Dynasty)'s army in the first half of the "Sino-Japanese War"(1592–1598) took place in Korea peninsula. The war was ordered by Emperor titled ShenZong (Wanli Emperor) (Chinese:明神宗) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 冬十月壬寅,李如松提督蓟、辽、保定、山东军务,充防海御倭总兵官,救朝鲜。-《明史》 to protect Korea (Joseon) from the Japanese invasion (Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)) masterminded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi, upon the request of the King of Korea- Li Yan (Seonjo of Joseon) (Chinese:李昖), http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 020.htm 五月,倭犯朝鲜,陷王京,朝鲜王李昖公奔义州求救。-《明史》 as well as following Ming empire's obligation to protect its vassal state(In Ming dynasty,Korea was considered part of China,unlike the present concept of "vassal state".) http: www.tianyabook.com lishi2005 mingshi 320.htm 朝鲜在明虽称属国,而无异域内。-《明史》 His father was Li Chengliang (Chinese:李成梁),was also a famed army commander of Ming empire,was known for his accomplishment of defending LiaoDong province from Manchus. http: www.read126.cn 194c6894-51d5-4df3-a4bc-fa1282139f82!39f5412a-ad19-49c8-bffc-bceba1682122.html 成梁英毅骁健,有大将才。家贫,不能袭职,年四十犹为诸生。巡按御史器之,资入京,乃得袭。积功为辽东险山参将。隆庆元年,士蛮大入永平。成梁赴援有功,进副总兵,仍守险山。寻协守辽阳。三年四月,张摆失等屯塞下,成梁迎击斩之,歼其卒百六十有奇。-《明史》 Based on historical document Li Rusong's 6th generation ancestor Li Ying(Chinese:李英) is originally from the Korean town of Chosan in present-day North Korea (Hangul: 초산군, Hanja: 楚山郡,Chinese:楚山郡). But there is also historical document states that the further ancestor of family Li was from central China,who moved to Korea during war time. http: baike.baidu.com view 70277.htm 有考证说李如松祖籍为陇西,唐朝末年为避乱迁入朝鲜,祖上旅居朝鲜的先祖可以追查四代,名为:李哲根穗、李哈山、李厦霸努、李把图理。李把图理的儿子“李膺尼,洪武渡江 李如松 李如松 归附”明朝,归附后“授总旗”,高祖李英,授世铁岭指挥佥事,从此李氏便在铁岭安家落户。到了李如松的父亲李成梁这一代,李氏一门世袭官爵,族亲旺盛,成了明清以来铁岭著名的大户。 Expulsion Jang's extraordinary accomplishments earned him much trust of the king. Some government officials were very jealous of Jang, especially when he had achieved so much regardless of his common origin. Furthermore, as Joseon's society was rooted in Korean Confucianism, scientists and engineers were held in low esteem in parallel with craftsmen. *Chosen Army of Japan, the occupation army under Japanese rule (Korea under Japanese rule). *Chosŏn, see under Joseon or Joseon Dynasty. *''Chosun Ilbo'', a South Korean newspaper. According to Annals of Joseon Dynasty, Nam Gon now set out to slander Jo and wrote a phrase "Ju cho will become the king" (주초위왕, 走肖爲王)" with honey or sugary water on mulberry leaves so that caterpillars left behind such phrase on leaves in the palace. Annals, September 21, 1568 When two Hanja (Chinese) characters "ju"(走) and "cho"(肖) are put together, they form a new Hanja character "jo"(趙), which happen to be Jo Gwang-jo's family name. Consort Hong or Consort Park showed the leaf to Jungjong and claimed that this was the heaven's warning that Jo would take the throne himself after eliminating Hungu faction. Jungjong, who himself rose to the throne through a coup d'état, began to distrust Jo Gwang-jo. It should be noted that when Goryeo dynasty fell and was replaced by Joseon dynasty, there was popular saying "Son of wood will gain the country" (목자득국 木子得國). When two Hanja characters meaning wood(木) and son(子) are combined, they form a new character "yi"(李), which happens to be the family name of Yi Seoung-gye (Taejo of Joseon), who deposed the last king of Goryeo and founded Joseon dynasty. These phrases helped Yi Seoung-gye win popular support for the new dynasty as heaven's will.

Joseon

native_name ) status Tributary state (Imperial Chinese tributary system) of *Ming dynasty (1392–1637 (Second Manchu invasion of Korea)) *Qing dynasty (1637–1895 (Treaty of Shimonoseki)) , p.97: "Korea had sent troops into Manchuria as ordered by the Ming fn.5 ". p.97, fn.5: "In the suzerain–vassal relationships of the Chinese system of international relations, one of the duties of a tributary state was to assist its suzerain in military campaigns when requested. Korea was a tributary of the Ming at that time." p.80: "Korea yielded and . . . agreed to break relations with China, to turn over certain princes and high ministers as hostages, to observe suzerain-vassal relations toward the Manchu Ch'ing, and even to send reinforcements to the Ch'ing forces for their attacks on the Ming emperor. However, even after this, Korea's regard for China was strong; she secretly continued her relations with the Ming emperor, used Ming reign titles even after the fall of Ming fn.6 ". p.80, fn.6: "Ordinarily a tributary state in the Chinese system of international relations used for dating the reign titles of the state to whom it paid tribute. Korea, having at that time become a tributary of the Ch'ing dynasty, should have disregarded Ming reign titles, and especially so after the fall of the Ming in 1644." conventional_long_name Kingdom of Great Joseon common_name Joseon continent Asia region Korean country South Korea, North Korea era Early modern period government_type Monarchy year_start 1392 year_end 1897 event_start Coronation of Taejo (Taejo of Joseon) date_start July 17, event_end Elevation to empire (Korean Empire) date_end October 12, event1 Promulgation of the Korean alphabet (Hangul) date_event1 October 9, 1446 event2 Seven-Year War (Japanese invasions of Korea) date_event2 1592–1598 event3 Manchu invasions (Second Manchu invasion of Korea) date_event3 1636–1637 event4 Treaty of Ganghwa date_event4 February 27, 1876 event_pre Coup of 1388 date_pre May 20, 1388 p1 Goryeo flag_p1 s1 Korean Empire flag_s1 Flag of Korea 1882.svg image_flag Flag of the king of Joseon.svg flag_border no flag List of Korean flags flag_type Royal standard image_coat Coat of Arms of Joseon Korea.png symbol symbol_type Royal emblem image_map Korea (orthographic projection).svg image_map_caption Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong capital Hanseong (Seoul) (Seoul) latd 37 latm 32 latNS N longd 126 longm 59 longEW E national_motto 대명천지 (:ko:대명천지) (Hanja:大明天地 (:zh:大明天地)) (English: The glorious land) common_languages Korean (Korean language), Classical Chinese religion Korean Buddhism Korean Shamanism Christianity (Christianity in Korea) (from 1886) currency Mun (Korean mun) (1633–1892) Yang (Korean yang) (1892–97) title_leader leader1 Taejo (Taejo of Joseon) (first) year_leader1 1392–1398 leader2 Sejong the Great (Sejong the Great of Joseon)(4th) year_leader2 1418–1450 leader3 Jeongjo (Jeongjo of Joseon)(22th) year_leader3 1776–1800 leader4 Gojong (Gojong of Korea)(26th) 1 year_leader4 1863–1897 title_deputy Yeonguijeong deputy1 Jeong Do-jeon year_deputy1 1392-1398 deputy2 Hwang Hui year_deputy2 1431–1449 deputy3 Ryu Seongryong year_deputy3 1592–1598 deputy4 Chae Jegong year_deputy4 1793–1801 stat_year2 1753 stat_area1 stat_pop2 est. 18,960,000 footnotes 1 Became Emperor of Korea in 1897 today thumb Korean plated mail (File:Joseon plate mail in Gyeongbokgung Palace.jpg) '''Joseon''' ( ; Hanja: 朝鮮; also ''Chosŏn'', ''Choson'', ''Chosun'', ''Cho-sen'') was a Korean kingdom founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye (Taejo of Joseon) that lasted for approximately five centuries, from July 1392 to October 1897. It was founded following the aftermath of the overthrow of the Goryeo dynasty in what is today the city of Kaesong. Early on, Korea was retitled and the capital was relocated to modern-day Seoul (서울). The kingdom's northernmost borders were expanded to the natural boundaries at the Amnok (Yalu river) and Duman (or Tumen) (Tumen River) rivers through the subjugation of the Jurchens. Joseon was the last dynasty of Korean history and the longest-ruling Confucian (Confucianism) dynasty.

During its reign, Joseon encouraged the entrenchment of Chinese (China) Confucian ideals and doctrines in Korean society. Neo-Confucianism was installed as the new dynasty's state ideology. Buddhism was accordingly discouraged and occasionally faced persecutions by the dynasty. Joseon consolidated its effective rule over the territory of current Korea and saw the height of classical Korean culture, trade, science, literature, and technology. However, the dynasty was severely weakened during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, when invasions by the neighboring states of Japan (Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598)) and Qing (Qing dynasty) nearly overran the peninsula, leading to an increasingly harsh isolationist policy for which the country became known as the "hermit kingdom". After the end of invasions from Manchuria, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period of peace.

However, whatever power the kingdom recovered during its isolation further waned as the 18th century came to a close, and faced with internal strife, power struggles, international pressure and rebellions (list of revolutions and rebellions) at home, the Joseon dynasty declined rapidly in the late 19th century.

The Joseon period has left a substantial legacy to modern Korea; much of modern Korean etiquette, cultural norms, societal attitudes towards current issues, and the modern Korean language and its dialects derive from the culture and traditions of Joseon.

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