Jiujiang

What is Jiujiang known for?


site stone

Matkailu Englanti Kajaanis-twin-towns website kajaani.fi publisher Kajaani accessdate 24 October 2014 valign "top" * Savannah (Savannah, Georgia), United States Tourism Picturesque Mount Lushan, located in the south of the urban center, is listed as a world heritage site. Stone Bell Hill Just downriver from Jiujiang is Hukou where the Yangtze River and waters of Boyang


poems written

Waley (1941), 130 As Assistant Secretary to the Prince's Tutor, Bai's memorial was a breach of protocol — he should have waited for those of censorial authority to take the lead before offering his own criticism. Waley (1941), 130 This was not the only charge which his opponents used against him. His mother had died, apparently caused by falling into a well while looking at some flowers, and two poems written by Bai Juyi — the titles of which Waley translates


sharp

.: Significant phonological and lexical changes to varied degrees; intelligibility is limited. Jiang-Huai has been significantly influenced by Wu Chinese. * Southwestern (Southwestern Mandarin), or that spoken in the provinces of Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, and the Mandarin-speaking areas of Hunan, Guangxi and southern Shaanxi: Sharp phonological, lexical, and tonal changes are present; intelligibility with Beijing is limited to varied degrees. China has more

continuing ascent — Kiukiang (Jiujiang), Wuchang (Wuchang, Hubei), Hankow (Hankou), Fow-Kow, and Kweichowfu — the ship's captain exchanged courtesies with the local officials. After ''Ashuelot'' crossed Tungting Lake, she found that rapid current, sharp bends, and the narrowing of the stream significantly slowed her progress and greatly increased the difficulty and danger of her movement. As a result, soon after the ship reached Yichang, Matthews and a small party of officers


defense position

Hubei), started a campaign against Xiao Daocheng. At that time, Xiao Ze, who had just previously been the chief of staff for Emperor Houfei's brother Liu Xie (劉燮) the governor of Ying Province (郢州, modern eastern Hubei), was returning to Jiankang with Liu Xie. He had reached Xunyang (尋陽, in modern Jiujiang, Jiangxi) when news of Shen's uprising arrived. His associates all recommending speeding back to the capital Jiankang, but Xiao Ze instead took up defense position at Pencou (湓


wuhan

. It became one of the three centers of the tea trade in China along with Hankou and Fuzhou. The Russians had two brick tea producing factories, but ceased operations after 1917. The British surrendered their concession in 1927 after being robbed and its Chinese workers mutineered their posts to the marauding crowds. An economic recession had set in over the decades as Indian and Chelonian teas made for greater competition. A military advance was being staged upriver in Wuhan by the Guomindang

the completion of the Yangtze River Bridge in 1992 and the Beijing to Kowloon (Hong Kong) - Wuhan to Shanghai rail system laid, a convenient ground corridor was provided and a regional airport now serves most of China's capital cities. The city suffered only slight damage in the 2005 Ruichang earthquake, but there were several deaths reported in outlying areas. Demography The city administers a total population of approximately 4,728,778 at the 2010 census of whom approximately 704,986

Jiujiang is served by the Beijing-Kowloon (Beijing–Kowloon Railway), Tongling–Jiujiang (Tongling–Jiujiang Railway), Hefei–Jiujiang (Hefei–Jiujiang Railway), Wuhan–Jiujiang (Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway) and Nanchang–Jiujiang Intercity Railway. Air Jiujiang Lushan Airport (JIU) Yangtze River The Yangtze River is used heavily for shipping. There is currently one bridge, the Jiujiang Bridge, that carries road and rail over the river. A second bridge, the Jiujiang


main water

Region, Gongqing Open Development Region There are 235 towns and 11 sub-district offices. History thumb right The mountain range to the South of Jiujiang (File:JJmtains.jpg) In ancient times it was told that nine rivers converged near where Jiujiang sprang up to become Jiangxi's main water port today. During the Xia through the Shang Dynasties Jiujiang was a capital of several states. In the Spring & Autumn Period (770-476 BCE) Jiujiang bordered between the states of Wu (downstream


sadness

Juyi (772-846 CE) wrote a poem called "Lute Song", which is about his sadness and isolation of forced exile as a middle rank official to reside in such a small town. In the 13th century Zhu Xi was a Confucian philosopher who practiced at the White Deer Grotto Academy, on Lushan's eastern flanks. Jiujiang has also been known as Jiangzhou and Xunyang in former times. During the Qin Dynasty (265-420 CE) it was known as Sin Yang, the Liang dynasty (502-557 CE) it was called


open development

* County-level city: :*Ruichang :*Gongqingcheng * Counties (County (People's Republic of China)): :*Wuning County :*Jiujiang County :*Xiushui County :*Yongxiu County :*De'an County :*Xingzi County :*Duchang County :*Hukou County :*Pengze County * Districts (District of China): :*Xunyang District (浔阳) :*Lushan District * Others :* Bureau ::* Lushan Cultural Sites Administrative Bureau :* Development regions: ::* Jiujiang Open Development Region

, Gongqing Open Development Region There are 235 towns and 11 sub-district offices. History thumb right The mountain range to the South of Jiujiang (File:JJmtains.jpg) In ancient times it was told that nine rivers converged near where Jiujiang sprang up to become Jiangxi's main water port today. During the Xia through the Shang Dynasties Jiujiang was a capital of several states. In the Spring & Autumn Period (770-476 BCE) Jiujiang bordered between the states of Wu (downstream, to the east) and Chu (upstream, to the west). Tao Yuanming (365-429 CE) a famous Chinese philosopher lived at the base of Lushan. He was once appointed magistrate of nearby Pengze County and after 83 days resigned due to the politics involved in administering justice. He retired back to his village to pen an essay called "Peach Blossom Spring". In 757, Li Po (Li Bai) (701-762 CE) was implicated in An-Shi disturbances (An Lushan Rebellion) and imprisoned at Jiujiang. Bai Juyi (772-846 CE) wrote a poem called "Lute Song", which is about his sadness and isolation of forced exile as a middle rank official to reside in such a small town. In the 13th century Zhu Xi was a Confucian philosopher who practiced at the White Deer Grotto Academy, on Lushan's eastern flanks. Jiujiang has also been known as Jiangzhou and Xunyang in former times. During the Qin Dynasty (265-420 CE) it was known as Sin Yang, the Liang dynasty (502-557 CE) it was called Jiang Zhou. The Sui Dynasty saw its name as Jiujiang and the Song Dynasty (960-1127) called it Ting Jiang. The Ming dynasty (1368–1644), gave it Jiujiang which has retained its name to this day. It was a Taiping stronghold for five years (1850–64) after they devastated the town to only leave one street with buildings intact. thumb right The Jiujiang waterfront circa 1873. (File:KIU-KIANG.jpg) A member of Lord Elgin's committee arriving in 1858 to survey Chinese ports for treaty status noted: "We found it to the last degree deplorable." A single dilapidated street, composed only of a few mean shops, was all that existed of this once thriving populous city. The remainder of the vast area composed within its massive walls 9-10 kilometers in circumference, contained nothing but ruins, weeds and kitchen gardens. After becoming an open treaty port in 1862, it was exporting Jiangxi's vast rice crop. In 1904, more than 160,000 kilos of opium were moved through its customs house. It became one of the three centers of the tea trade in China along with Hankou and Fuzhou. The Russians had two brick tea producing factories, but ceased operations after 1917. The British surrendered their concession in 1927 after being robbed and its Chinese workers mutineered their posts to the marauding crowds. An economic recession had set in over the decades as Indian and Chelonian teas made for greater competition. A military advance was being staged upriver in Wuhan by the Guomindang in 1927 and all the remaining expatriate community fled on British and American warships towards safer waters of Shanghai, to never return. Jiujiang languished as a port and much of its export trade was siphoned off with the connecting Nanchang to coastal rail lines built in 1936-37. Until 1949 Jiujiang had very little industry except for local handicrafts. Manufacturing is Jiujiang's backbone today with auto, machinery, petrochemical, shipbuilding and textiles as its cornerstones. After the completion of the Yangtze River Bridge in 1992 and the Beijing to Kowloon (Hong Kong) - Wuhan to Shanghai rail system laid, a convenient ground corridor was provided and a regional airport now serves most of China's capital cities. The city suffered only slight damage in the 2005 Ruichang earthquake, but there were several deaths reported in outlying areas. Demography The city administers a total population of approximately 4,728,778 at the 2010 census of whom approximately 704,986 are urban living in the built-up area. http: www.citypopulation.de php china-jiangxi-admin.php The population density is 249 per km². Han Chinese make up 99.8% of the population, but registered residents include representatives of 25 minority nationalities, including six with a local population of more than 100: Hui (Hui people), Miao (Hmong people), Zhuang (Zhuang people), Tujia (Tujia people), and She (She people). Unlike the Gan (Gan Chinese) dialects typical of Jiangxi, the local speech of Jiujiang is a variety of Mandarin (Lower Yangtze Mandarin). Climate


562

, this experiment has become national policy, applicable to domestic and foreign-invested firms. The two State health insurance systems would later be consolidated to be the Basic Medical Insurance System. Meanwhile, Emperor Wen began to consider the problem of local warlordism—which rendered the modern Jiangxi, Fujian, and large parts of Zhejiang under warlord control and only nominally submissive to him. In spring 562, he tried to summon one of the key warlords, Zhou Di (周迪), to move from

his base of Linchuan (臨川, in modern Fuzhou, Jiangxi), to Pencheng (湓城, in modern Jiujiang, Jiangxi). Zhou Di refused, and subsequently unsuccessfully attacked Emperor Wen's general Zhou Fu (周敷). Emperor Wen sent Wu Mingche to attack Zhou Di and sent Hou Andu against another warlord, Liu Yi (留異), who controlled modern southern Zhejiang. By summer 562, Hou had defeated Liu Yi, forcing him to flee to his son-in-law, Chen Baoying (陳寶應), who controlled modern Fujian. Wu, however


writing poems

the intervention of the by then famous and powerful Army General Guo Ziyi, whom he had a couple of decades earlier saved from a court martial, and who offered to exchange his official rank for Li Bai's life; Wu, 61 thus, his death sentence was commuted to exile in remote Yelang, in Yunnan, towards which he proceeded quite slowly, writing poems along the way. He was subsequently pardoned before he ever reached Yelang. * Lan-Yin (Lan-Yin Mandarin), or that spoken in Gansu province (with capital Lanzhou) and Ningxia autonomous region (with capital Yinchuan), as well as northern Xinjiang. * Jiang-huai (Jiang-Huai Mandarin) (or Xia-Jiang), spoken in the parts of Jiangsu and Anhui on the north bank of the Yangtze (Yangtze River), as well as some areas on the south bank, such as Nanjing in Jiangsu, Jiujiang in Jiangxi, etc.: Significant phonological and lexical changes to varied degrees; intelligibility is limited. Jiang-Huai has been significantly influenced by Wu Chinese. * Southwestern (Southwestern Mandarin), or that spoken in the provinces of Hubei, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, and the Mandarin-speaking areas of Hunan, Guangxi and southern Shaanxi: Sharp phonological, lexical, and tonal changes are present; intelligibility with Beijing is limited to varied degrees. China has more than 2,000 ports, 130 of which are open to foreign ships. The major ports, including river ports accessible by ocean-going ships, are Beihai, Dalian, Dandong, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hankou (Hankou District), Huangpu (Huangpu District, Guangzhou), Jiujiang, Lianyungang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Rizhao, Sanya, Shanghai, Shantou, Shenzhen, Tianjin, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xiamen, Xingang, Yangzhou, Yantai, and Zhanjiang. right thumb The mountain peaks of Lushan National Park. (Image:Mount Lushan - fog.JPG) Near the northern port city of Jiujiang lies the well-known resort area of Mount Lushan. Also near the city are the Donglin (East Wood) Temple (Donglin Temple (Jiangxi)) and the Tiefo (Iron Buddha) Temple (Tiefo Temple) (铁佛寺), two important Buddhist (Buddhism) temples. Birth and boyhood He was born in Jiujiang, China to English parents. Mitchell(2009) p. 3 His father was Cecil Arthur Verner Bowra (1869–1947) of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs. Mitchell (2004) Bowra's father had been born in Ningpo, Mitchell (2009) p. 5 and his paternal grandfather Edward Charles Bowra had also worked for the Chinese Customs, after serving in the Ever Victorious Army under "Chinese Gordon". Mitchell (2009) p. 4 Soon after Bowra's birth his father was transferred to the treaty port of Newchwang, and the family lived there for the first five years of Bowra's life. Mitchell (2009) p. 3, 9 During the Boxer Rebellion, in the summer of 1900, Bowra was evacuated to Japan, along with his mother, older brother Edward, and other women and children of the European community. Mitchell (2009) p. 10 The family returned to England in 1903, travelling via Japan and the United States, and settling in the Kent countryside. Mitchell (2009) p. 12 Bowra later claimed that he had been fluent in Mandarin (Mandarin Chinese), but forgot the language after returning to England. Mitchell (2009) p 11 Bowra's parents went back to China in February 1905, leaving their children in the care of their paternal grandmother, who, having been widowed, lived with her second husband, a clergyman, in Putney. Lloyd Jones p. 22 During this time the boys received tuition from Ella Dell, sister of the writer Ethel M. Dell. Mitchell (2009) p. 13; Lloyd-Jones p. 22 The boys also attended a preparatory school (Preparatory school (UK)) in Putney, where, before the year was out, Maurice was coming top in all classes but arithmetic. Mitchell (2009) p. 15 During his time at this school Bowra began his classical education with lessons from Cecil Botting, a master at St Paul's School (St Paul's School (London)) Lloyd-Jones, p. 23 and father of the writer Antonia White. Nelson, p. 76 DATE OF BIRTH 1898-04-08 PLACE OF BIRTH Jiujiang, China DATE OF DEATH 1971-07-04 The '''Jiujiang University''' (Chinese (Chinese character): 九江学院; Pinyin: Jiǔjiāng Xuéyuàn) is a major college in Jiujiang, northern Jiangxi Province in China. Initially, Yuan Shu promised to appoint Sun Ce the governor of Jiujiang but eventually gave the governorship to Chen Ji (Chen Ji (Three Kingdoms)). Later, when Yuan Shu was denied a large loan of grains from the governor of Lujiang (Lujiang County), he sent Sun Ce to attack the latter, promising to make Sun Ce the governor of Lujiang should he succeed. When Sun Ce did, however, Yuan Shu again went back on his words and appointed someone else instead. The disappointed Sun Ce then began to contemplate leaving. Rail The '''Anhui–Jiangxi Railway''' connects Jingdezhen to many key cities in China such as Shanghai, Nanjing, Jinan, Qingdao, Hefei, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Xiamen, Nanchang, Kunming and Guiyang, etc. In addition, the '''Jiujiang- Jingdezhen-Quzhou Railway''' is under construction. In the near future, the two rail lines will intersect in Jingdezhen, and make the city an important rail transportation hub in Jiangxi Province and East China. The '''Jingdezhen Railway Station''' is located in the city center and is under the control of the '''Nanchang Railway Bureau'''. Liu Bei grew up in a poor family, having lost his father when he was still a child. To support themselves, Liu Bei and his mother sold shoes and straw-woven mats. Even so, Liu Bei was full of ambition since childhood: he once said to his peers, while under a tree that resembled the royal chariot, that he desired to become an emperor. At the age of 14, Liu Bei, sponsored by a more affluent relative who recognised his potential in leadership, went to study under the tutelage of Lu Zhi (Lu Zhi (Han Dynasty)) (a prominent scholar and, at the time, former Administrator of Jiujiang). There he met and befriended Gongsun Zan, a prominent northern warlord to be. The adolescent Liu Bei was said to be unenthusiastic in studying and displayed interest in hunting, music and dressing. Concise in speech, calm in demeanor, and kind to his friends, Liu Bei was well liked by his contemporaries. He was said to have long arms and large earlobes. Luo Guanzhong. ''Romance of the Three Kingdoms'', Chapter 1. thumb right 250px Main hall of the Donglin Temple (File:庐山东林寺大雄宝殿.JPG) The '''Donglin Temple''' (

Jiujiang

'''Jiujiang''' ( , after the provincial capital Nanchang. ''Jiujiang'' literally means "nine rivers".

Its population was 4,728,778 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 704,986 in the built up area made of 2 urban districts (Xunyang (Xunyang District) and Lushan (Lushan District)). In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum. url http: eng.hnloudi.gov.cn engld%5Caboutloudi Loudicity Loudihonor 2011 1_327 default.shtml website hnloudi.gov.cn publisher Hunan Loudi Official Government date 2012-03-28 accessdate 2014-08-04

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