Jewish Autonomous Oblast

What is Jewish Autonomous Oblast known for?


quot set

of the new musical "Soviet Zion" set in Birobidzhan * Birobidzhan: Dream of a Jewish Homeland That Never Came True by Eve-Maria Stolberg (Russian Archipelago) *A 1939 Soviet pamphlet about the JAO * Meeting of the Frontiers: The Birobidzhan Album (1920's-1930's photographs of Birobidzhan


summer program

"the First Birobidzhan International Summer Program for Yiddish Language and Culture". See also * Beit T'shuva * Boris "Dov" Kaufman * History of the Jews in Russia and Soviet Union * ''In Search of Happiness'' * Jews and Judaism

of the oblast, Governor Nikolay Mikhaylovich Volkov has stated that he intends to "support every valuable initiative maintained by our local Jewish organizations.". Governor Voices Support for Growing Far East Jewish Community Federation of Jewish Communities In 2007, The First Birobidzhan International Summer Program for Yiddish Language and Culture was launched by Yiddish studies professor Boris Kotlerman


single amp

analytics&view single&id 3 script-title ru:"Полит-НН.Ру". Парад объединений language ru publisher Polit-nn.ru date accessdate 2013-04-19 Another suggestion was to merge


ancient people

;was an attempt to establish a autonomous jewish territory in Suriname" (sic), and an "attempt" in a "territory" does not equal a "state" by any means. 7) The other entries in this article are about ancient people (Anilai and Asinai; Gudit; Joseph Rabban; Kahina) vaguely associated with some Jewish population centers, but not "states" as such. Finally, 8) Zionism refers to the political developments preceding modern Israel and to its present ideology. This category should thus be deleted because it is inaccurate and misleading. IZAK (User:IZAK) 09:48, 14 February 2006 (UTC) *'''Delete''' --Rachack (User:Rachack) 21:54, 17 February 2006 (UTC) - style "background:#cc00cc;" Vladivostok Time wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


political community

that modern Israel is the first and only state of the Jewish people established in over two thousand years of the Jewish diaspora. A definition of a '''State''' (in the full and correct sense of the word) is: "...an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. Recognition of the state's claim to independence by other states..." (Wikipedia) and thus only the modern State of Israel (founded in 1948) qualifies. Before that, even ancient Judea was but a province of the Romans known as Iudaea Province. As for the other "examples" in this category (all quotations are from the Wikipedia articles about the subject mentioned): 1) The Khazars were not a "state" in the modern sense of the word, rather they were more of a Middle Ages feudal nomadic kingdom: "...a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, whose ruling class converted to Judaism...they and their tributaries controlled much of what is today southern Russia, western Kazakhstan, eastern Ukraine..." If only the "ruling class converted to Judaism" how does that make its people "Jewish" particularly since none of them survived as recognizable Jews? A supposed "Jewish State" without real Jews in it historically, is a logical fallacy and absurdity. 2) In Adiabene "...Its rulers converted to Judaism from Christianity in the 1st Century...The Queen of Adiabene at the time of the conversion to Judaism, Queen Heleni, moved to Jerusalem..." This does not make Adiabene a "Jewish State." 3) Ararat, City of Refuge is a small plot of land in the USA, how does that make it into a "Jewish State"? (51st U.S. state, anyone?) 4) In Himyar: "...The last sovereign Tubba Himyarite king, (Arabic: Dhu Nuwas) is often considered to have converted to Judaism if he was not simply Judaising..." The word "considered" is suspicious and is far from making this place into a "Jewish State." 5) Jewish Autonomous Oblast, aka "Birobidzan" an "...experiment that ground to a halt in the mid-1930s..." was also an integral part of the USSR and Russia, meaning it's not sovereign, and "the experiment was doomed from the start" and thus does not qualify as a "Jewish State" either. 6) Jodensavanne "was an attempt to establish a autonomous jewish territory in Suriname" (sic), and an "attempt" in a "territory" does not equal a "state" by any means. 7) The other entries in this article are about ancient people (Anilai and Asinai; Gudit; Joseph Rabban; Kahina) vaguely associated with some Jewish population centers, but not "states" as such. Finally, 8) Zionism refers to the political developments preceding modern Israel and to its present ideology. This category should thus be deleted because it is inaccurate and misleading. IZAK (User:IZAK) 09:48, 14 February 2006 (UTC) *'''Delete''' --Rachack (User:Rachack) 21:54, 17 February 2006 (UTC) - style "background:#cc00cc;" Vladivostok Time wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


film called

to move there. The campaign partly incorporated the standard Soviet propaganda tools of the era and included posters and Yiddish-language novels describing a socialist utopia there. Other methods bordered on the bizarre. In one instance, leaflets promoting Birobidzhan were dropped from an airplane over a Jewish neighborhood in Belarus. In another instance, a government-produced Yiddish film called ''Seekers of Happiness'' told the story of a Jewish family that fled the Great Depression in the United States to make a new life for itself in Birobidzhan. As the Jewish population grew, so did the impact of Yiddish culture on the region. Settlers established a Yiddish newspaper, the ''Birobidzhaner Shtern''; a theater troupe was created; and streets being built in the new city were named after prominent Yiddish authors such as Sholom Aleichem and Y. L. Peretz. The Yiddish language was deliberately bolstered as a basis for efforts to secularize the Jewish population and, despite the general curtailment of this action as described immediately below, the ''Birobidzhaner Shtern'' continues to publish a section in Yiddish. wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


quot construction

начнется в 2009 году" (Construction of the first railway bridge connecting Russia and China will start in 2009) China.org.cn, 2008-11-27. wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


songs+dance

that teach Yiddish, a Yiddish school for religious instruction and a kindergarten. The five- to seven year-olds spend two lessons a week learning to speak Yiddish, as well as being taught Jewish songs, dance, and traditions. Today, the city’s


international summer

"the First Birobidzhan International Summer Program for Yiddish Language and Culture". wikipedia:Jewish Autonomous Oblast commons:category:Jewish Autonomous Oblast


young quot

Far East. After the Soviet government approved the formation of a Jewish Autonomous District (Jewish Autonomous Oblast) in Birobidzhan, members of the Koryo Saram petitioned for the establishment of a Far Eastern Korean National District. This was denied in 1929, Lee, Jean Young. "Korean-Chinese Migration into the Russian Far East: A Human Security Perspective." . due to opposition

Jewish Autonomous Oblast

The '''Jewish Autonomous Oblast''' (

Soviet authorities established the autonomous oblast in 1934. It was the result of Joseph Stalin's nationality policy (national delimitation in the Soviet Union), which provided the Jewish population of the Soviet Union with a large territory in which to pursue Yiddish (Yiddish culture) cultural heritage. According to the 1939 population census, 17,695 Jews lived in the region (16% of the total population). The Jewish population peaked in 1948 at around 30,000, about one-quarter of the region's population. James Brook, Birobidzhan Journal;A Promised Land in Siberia? Well, Thanks, but . . ., ''The New York Times'', July 11, 1996

In 1953, Joseph Stalin died and thereafter the Jewish population in the JAO began a long decline. The census of 1959, found that the Jewish population of the JAO had declined by approximately 50%, down to 14,269 persons.

A 2007 article in the Jerusalem Post claimed that, at the time, approximately 4,000 Jews remain in the JAO. Yiddish returns to Birobidzhan According to Rabbi (Chief Rabbi) Mordechai Scheiner, Judaism and the Jewish culture have recently begun enjoying a religious and cultural resurgence in the JAO. However, according to the magazine of the Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS ''Lechaim'', currently the Jewish presence in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast is extremely small, and is limited to the city of Birobidzhan and the nearby village of Valdgeym. журнал «Лехаим». Борис Котлерман. Биробиджан, или ЕврейскаЯ автономнаЯ область?

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