Italy

What is Italy known for?


popular hits

well-known arias, as well as some of his more popular hits, to the assembled dignitaries, including Montenegro’s top officials (Politics of Montenegro), representatives of the diplomatic corps and many faces from cultural (Culture of Montenegro), political and public life, as well as many current and former tourist entrepreneurs who had contributed to the development of Montenegrin tourism (Tourism in Montenegro). Bocelli was also the first guest of the renovated hotel. The hotel won the Hotel of the Year award from Gallivanter's Guide in 2010. His music became immensely popular in Italy and France for more than a hundred years, with his first book of madrigals being reprinted fifty-eight times by 1654, and his music appearing in innumerable intabulations for instruments such as the lute, guitar, and viol. Haar Glozer, Grove online Additional hints to his popularity are the frequency with which anonymous compositions were attributed to him, and the appearance of his music in several paintings of musicians from the time. Haar Glozer, Grove online Likely his popularity was due to his gift for capturing the Italian spirit and marrying it with the technical perfection of the Franco-Flemish harmonic and polyphonic (polyphony) style; in addition he wrote catchy tunes which were easy to sing. Unlike later generations of madrigal composers, Arcadelt did not expect professional singers to be the only consumers of his work; anyone who could read notes could sing his madrigals. Abraham 1968, p. 69-70. Saint '''Camillus de Lellis, M.I. (Camillians)''', (25 May 1550 – 14 July 1614) was an Italian (Italy) priest (priest (Catholic Church)) who founded a religious Order dedicated to the care of the sick. Prominent MPS members who have advanced to policy positions include Chancellor Ludwig Erhard of West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany), President Luigi Einaudi of Italy, Chairman Arthur F. Burns of the U.S. Federal Reserve Board, U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremasinghe of Sri Lanka, Foreign Secretary Sir Geoffrey Howe of the U.K., Italian Minister of Defence Antonio Martino, Chilean Finance Minister Carlos Cáceres, New Zealand Finance Minister Ruth Richardson and President Václav Klaus of the Czech Republic. Of 76 economic advisers on Ronald Reagan's 1980 campaign staff, 22 were MPS members. '''Messapian''' (also known as ''Messapic'') is an extinct Indo-European language (Indo-European languages) of South-eastern Italy, once spoken in the region of Apulia. It was spoken by the three Iapygian (Iapyges) tribes of the region: the Messapians (Messapii), the Dauni and the Peucetii. -- Bréntion (from Messapian ''bréndon, bréntion'') (Brindisi, Italy) Swedish (Swedish language) ''brinde'' "elk", Latvian (Latvian language) ''briêdis'' "deer", Lithuanian (Lithuanian language) ''briedis'', "elk", Old Prussian (Old Prussian language) ''braydis'', "elk", Orel, Vladimir. ''Albanian Etymological Dictionary''. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 1998. Thracian (Thracian language) ''Brendike'' (which was a Thracian toponym located just east of Dikaia ) Albanian (Albanian language) ''bri, brî'' (pl. brirë, brinë) "horn; antler" Orel, Vladimir. ''A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language: Reconstruction of Proto-Albanian''. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2000. The Messapian word is glossed early as "deer", then narrowed in meaning to a deer's head (cf. Strabo ''caput cervi''), then possibly by metonymy to its antlers in early Albanian, and by extension any excrescence, thus modern "horn". -- However, in 2004, the financial situation of Aprilia was again desperate and very close to financial breakdown. The banks forced Beggio to sell Aprilia, Guzzi and Laverda to Piaggio, an Italian (Italy) scooter (Scooter (motorcycle)) factory, owned by Roberto Colaninno.


classical contemporary

...Collection work FluxEuropa band who combine modern technology with archaic instrumentation over various media. They describe their music as a cross "between sacred and profane, ethereal (ethereal wave) and neo-classical (Neo-classical music), contemporary and early music". They make researches into the European legends crossing the Greek and Latin myths. Their lyrics are written in many ancient and contemporary languages. Many of their performances take place


arts films

a modest film career as a supporting actor, appearing mostly in spaghetti westerns, sexploitation and horror. Many of his appearances were uncredited. Some were credited as '''Mike Monti''', '''Michael Monty''' or '''Mike Monte'''. He appeared mostly in low-budget action and martial arts films such as ''Jungle Rats'' (1987), and ''Black Fire'' (1985), during the 80's, often directed by Teddy Page and John Gale (director). The vast majority of Kristoff's films were produced by K.Y. Lim's ''Silver Star Film Company'' (also called ''Kinavesa'' in the Philippines), a prolific, if somewhat notorious producer of Filipino action films. The ''Silver Star'' films usually recycled the same cast of American (United States) and European Z-movie workhorses from one film to another. Some of the recurring faces were Mike Monty, James Gaines, Mike Cohen (Mike Cohen (actor)), Gwendolyn Hung, Frank Juhas and Ronnie Patterson, and Kristoff acted with all of them. He became something of a star for ''Silver Star'', appearing in several leading roles throughout the 80's, most prominently in ''Slash'' (1984), a film influenced by the ''Rambo (Rambo (film series))'' films of Sylvester Stallone to the point of plagiarism. In 1981 Kristoff was cast as a supporting player in the Richard Harrison (Richard Harrison (actor)) vehicle ''Intrusion Cambodia'', directed by John Gale. The two became friends and Kristoff was later invited to Italy by Harrison to co-write and act in the 1986 film ''Three Men On Fire'', which Harrison directed and starred in. ''Three Men On Fire'' was Kristoff's only film shot outside the Philippines. Kristoff also co-wrote the script to ''Ninja's Force'' (1985) with Ken Watanabe (not to be confused with the more famous Ken Watanabe (Ken Watanabe (actor))), another member of the ''Silver Star'' entourage. '''James Gaines''', birth name '''James Larry M. Gaines Jr.''', is an African-American-Filipino (Filipino people) character actor, writer and director with dual nationality, born on May 18, 1955, in Maui, Hawaii. He was sometimes also credited as '''Jaimes Gaines''', '''Jim Gaines''', and '''James Gainers'''. He acted mainly in low-budget action films in the Philippines during the 1980s, many of which were produced by K.Y. Lim's Silver Star Film Company (called Kinavesa in the Philippines), and directed by Teddy Page or John Gale (John Gale (director)). Next to Mike Monty, with whom he appeared in several films together, Gaines was one of the most prolific actors in Filipino B-movies. He also appeared in some Italian (Italy) and American (United States) productions shot in the archipelago. '''Air Italica''' was an Italian (Italy) airline, which was operational between 2001 and 2004, operating one single ATR 72 turboprop aircraft. Air Italica code data and fleet list at planespotters.net After studying at Giessen (University of Giessen), Göttingen (University of Göttingen) and Berlin (Humboldt University of Berlin), he spent a few years in Italy studying the fine arts, and established himself in 1842 at Giessen as a teacher of philosophy. In 1853 he was appointed professor at the university of Münich, where he lectured mainly on aesthetics. In the academy in Munich, he lectured on art history. 2005 Actions were then reported to Bite Back magazine from the LLF, claiming the liberation of lobsters and sabotaging of fishing property in Italy and Sweden in 2005 as well as Turkey (Turkey (country)). BITE BACK Magazine BITE BACK Magazine A year later there was also a large number of fisherman's pots damaged in Stranraer, Scotland, with graffiti left at the scene indicating the group had carried out the attacks. '''Metaponto''' is a small town of about 1,000 people in the province of Matera, Basilicata, Italy. Administratively it is a frazione of Bernalda. Furthermore, De Felice insisted that there was no connection or valid comparisons to be drawn between Italian Fascism and German National Socialism (Nazism), which De Felice saw as being a completely different political ideology. De Felice was very controversial in Italy as well as abroad for what some felt were sympathatic studies of Italian Fascism. Many such as Giuliano Procacci, Paolo Alatri and Nicola Tranfaglia accused De Felice of writing an apologia of Fascism. Other forces during the Second World War Of the tanks Germany captured some were given or sold to Germany's allies Italy (124), which used some of its R35s in defence of Gela on Sicily against US Rangers, and Bulgaria (about forty). thumb Calogero (right) in Oberwolfach 1984, with De Concini (File:De Concini Trubowitz Calogero.jpg), Eugene Trubowitz. '''Francesco Calogero''' (born February 6, 1935) is a Italian (Italy) physicist, active in the community of scientists concerned with nuclear disarmament. '''Gentullio (Tullio) Campagnolo''' (26 August 1901–3 February 1983) was an Italian (Italy) racing cyclist and inventor. He patented the quick release skewer and founded the Campagnolo bicycle component company. He has given concerts in Uruguay, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, United States, Brazil, Italy, France, and Portugal. Although Perales does not tour the United States often, when he does, his shows are immensely successful. The EAW Framework Decision came into force on 1 January 2004 in eight member states, namely Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. By 1 November 2004 all member states had implemented the legislation except Italy, which did so on 22 April 2005.


arts extreme

for the role of Corrado Cattani in the TV series ''La Piovra''. * Hungary: Viasat 3 ''A Nagy Házalakítás'' * Italy: SKY Italia and Rai 2 * Latin America: People+Arts ''Extreme Makeover'' All major European powers have their representations in Théah. Avalon (England), Castille (Spain), Montaigne (France), Eisen (Germany), Ussura (Russia), Vendel Vestenmanavnjar (Netherlands Scandinavia) and Vodacce (Italy) are the main


life place

for the Creative Arts .) When he returned to the United States, Hagen studied privately with Bernstein, whose guidance during the composition of Hagen's ''Shining Brow'' (1992) — the opera that launched Hagen's career internationally ref


bass vocal

of flour. In the Arab world, moussaka is a cooked salad made up primarily of tomatoes and aubergine, similar to Italian (Italy) caponata, and is usually served cold as a mezze dish. '''Nicolai Ghiaurov''' (or ''Nikolai Gjaurov'', ''Nikolay Gyaurov'', ) (September 13, 1929 – June 2, 2004) was a Bulgarian opera singer and one of the most famous bass (Bass (vocal range))es of the postwar period. He was admired for his powerful, sumptuous


low leading

the national telephone operator (''SIP'' - ''Società italiana per l'esercizio telefonico'' now known as Telecom Italia) launched the Videotel service. The system use was charged on a per-page basis. Due to the excessive cost of the hardware and the expensive services, diffusion was very low, leading to the diffusion of a FidoNet-oriented movement. The service was shut down in 1994. *Ireland (Republic of Ireland) (O2 (O2 (Ireland)), phased out, current customers will no longer be able to access i-Mode and associated services, including i-Mail, from August 2010) *Italy (Wind (WIND (Italy)), phased out) *Netherlands (KPN, phased out) As much energy as Bok invests in making songs - many of which ("Dillan Bay", "The Hills of Isle au Haut", "Turning Toward the Morning") have grown permanent roots in the rough shores of New England and have all but passed into tradition - he is equally energetic as a folklorist and gatherer of songs. His repertoire overflows with contemporary songs written by his friends from all over North America, Australia, and the British Isles, but it only starts there: he sings, in the original languages, folksongs from Italy, Portugal, Mongolia, French Canada, Latin America, and the Gaelic Hebrides (Hebrides), among other places, not mentioning the huge body of old anglophone folklore over which he exercises mastery. In 1912, Morocco was effectively partitioned between France and Spain, the latter occupying the country's far north (called Spanish Morocco) and a part of Moroccan territory in the south (Rio de Oro), while France declared a protectorate over the remainder. The last Sultan of independent Morocco, Moulay Hafid (Abdelhafid of Morocco), was exiled to the Sultanate Palace (Dar el Makzhen (Tangier)) in the Tangier Kasbah after his forced abdication in favour of his brother Moulay Yusef (Yusef of Morocco). Tangier was made an international zone (City-state#Tangier) in 1923 under the joint administration of France, Spain, and Britain (United Kingdom) under an international convention signed in Paris on December 18, 1923. Ratifications were exchanged in Paris on May 14, 1924. The convention was registered in ''League of Nations Treaty Series'' on September 13, 1924. ''League of Nations Treaty Series'', vol. 28, pp. 542–631. The convention was amended in 1928. Text in ''League on Nations Treaty Series'', vol. 87, pp. 212–251. The governments of Italy, Portugal and Belgium adhered to the convention in 1928, and the government of the Netherlands in 1929. Overview The Group of Seven (G8#History) (G7 (G8#History)) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada starting in 1976. The G8, meeting for the first time in 1997, was formed with the addition of Russia. Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," ''Globe and Mail'' (Toronto). July 5, 2008. In addition, the President of the European Commission has been formally included in summits since 1981. Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008. The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the initial summit (1st G6 summit) of the Group of Six (G8#History) (G6 (G8#History)) in 1975. Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). ''Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations,'' p. 205.


award previous

outstanding oaa_par_e.asp title Outstanding Achievement Award - Previous Award Recipients work Public Service Human Resources Management Agency of Canada In 1983, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. title Biography: Claudio


compositions portraits

noted include figure compositions, portraits and still lifes, which are often distinguished by unusual perspective (perspective (graphical)) effects. '''Stefano Donagrandi''' (born September 1, 1976 in Bormio) is an ice speed skater (Speed skating) from Italy, who won the gold medal in the Team Pursuit at the 2006 Winter Olympics. He placed 22nd in the 1500 m event, 13th in the 10000 m event, and 16th in 5000 m. Rolling stock The Purple Line uses Ansaldobreda A650


main historic

– such as the Umbrians, the Latins (from which the Romans (ancient Rome) emerged), Volsci, Samnites, the Celts and the Ligures which inhabited northern Italy, and many others – were Indo-European peoples; the main historic peoples of non-Indo-European heritage include the Etruscans, the Elymians and Sicani in Sicily and the prehistoric Sardinians (history of Sardinia). Between the 17th and the 11th centuries BC Mycenaean Greeks (Mycenaean Greece) established contacts with Italy The Mycenaeans and Italy: the archaeological and archaeometric ceramic evidence, University of Glasgow, Department of Archaeology Emilio Peruzzi, ''Mycenaeans in early Latium'', (Incunabula Graeca 75), Edizioni dell'Ateneo & Bizzarri, Roma, 1980 Gert Jan van Wijngaarden, ''Use and Appreciation of Mycenaean Pottery in the Levant, Cyprus and Italy (1600–1200 B.C.): The Significance of Context'', Amsterdam Archaeological Studies, Amsterdam University Press, 2001 Bryan Feuer, ''Mycenaean civilization: an annotated bibliography through 2002'', McFarland & Company; Rev Sub edition (2 March 2004) and in the 8th and 7th centuries BC Greek colonies were established all along the coast of Sicily and the southern part of the Italian Peninsula became known as Magna Graecia. Also the Phoenicians established colonies on the coasts of Sardinia and Sicily. Rome (Ancient Rome), a settlement around a ford on the river Tiber conventionally founded (Founding of Rome) in 753 BC, grew over the course of centuries into a massive empire (Roman empire), stretching from Britain (Britannia (Roman province)) to the borders of Persia (Mesopotamia (Roman province)), and engulfing the whole Mediterranean basin, in which Greek and Roman (and many other) cultures merged into a unique civilisation (Greco-Roman world). The Roman legacy (Legacy of the Roman Empire) has deeply influenced the Western civilisation, shaping most of the modern world.

Italy

'''Italy''' ( and has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth (List of countries by GDP (nominal))-largest in the world. International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database- GDP Nominal 2010 to 2019, imf.org, October 2014 Edition

Since ancient times (classical antiquity), Etruscan (Etruscan civilization), Magna Graecia and other cultures (Prehistoric Italy) have flourished in the territory of present-day Italy, being eventually absorbed by Rome (Ancient Rome), that has for centuries remained the leading political and religious centre of Western civilisation (Western world), capital of the Roman Empire and Christianity. During the Dark Ages (Dark Ages (historiography)), the Italian Peninsula faced calamitous invasions by barbarian tribes (Migration Period), but beginning around the 11th century, numerous Italian city-states rose to great prosperity through shipping, commerce and banking (indeed, modern capitalism has its roots in Medieval Italy). Especially during The Renaissance, Italian culture thrived, producing scholars, artists, and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. Italian explorers such as Polo (Marco Polo), Columbus (Christopher Columbus), Vespucci (Amerigo Vespucci), and Verrazzano (Giovanni da Verrazzano) discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy would remain fragmented into many warring states for the rest of the Middle Ages, subsequently falling prey to larger European powers (Power (international relations)#Modern Age European powers) such as France (French First Empire), Spain (Spanish Empire), and later Austria (Austrian Empire). Italy would thus enter a long period of decline that lasted until the mid 19th century.

After various unsuccessful attempts, the second (Second War of Italian Independence) and the third (Third War of Italian Independence) wars of Italian Independence resulted in the unification (Italian unification) of most of present-day Italy between 1859-66.

Italy plays a prominent role in global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs "Italy plays a prominent role in European and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs. The country's European political, social and economic influence make it a major regional power." See ''Italy: Justice System and National Police Handbook'', Vol. 1 (Washington, D.C.: International Business Publications, 2009), p. 9. and thus is considered a major regional power. "Operation Alba may be considered one of the most important instances in which Italy has acted as a regional power, taking the lead in executing a technically and politically coherent and determined strategy." See Federiga Bindi, ''Italy and the European Union'' (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2011), p. 171. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union. Italy is a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the DAC (Development Assistance Committee), the WTO, the G4 (G4 (EU)), G6 (G6 (EU)), G7, G8, G10 (Group of Ten (economic)), G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Latin Union, the Council of Europe, the Central European Initiative, the ASEM and the Uniting for Consensus.

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