is debated, but most attribute the growth to Paganello (a large, Italian ultimate tournament that sponsored a popular freestyle event), the impact of touring American players like Jens and Irwin Valasquez as well as Tom Leitner and Sune Wentzel (as part of a Nike (Nike, Inc.) tour), and a popular Nike commercial (Advertising) featuring two leading American freestylers, Dave Murphy and Dave Lewis. Today freestyle has a renewed popularity in the United States, Germany, Czech Republic
. The popularity in Europe crossed the Atlantic and by 1900, they were also commonly served in the United States. The apéritif recrossed the Atlantic in the 1970s: the habit of a substantial food offering with the purchase of a drink during "Happy Hour" in the United States pushed the development of a more food-heavy apéritif in Italy as well.
of Abyssinia invades Ethiopia . * October 10 – A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower (Radio masts and towers) in Langenberg (Transmitter Langenberg), Germany. As a result of this catastrophe wooden radio towers are phased out. * Athens enters into an alliance with King Sitalkes of Thrace, after Nymphodorus, an influential Athenian, marries Sitalkes' sister. Nymphodorus then negotiates an agreement between Athens and Macedon's King Perdiccas II (Perdiccas II of Macedon), through which Perdiccas regains Therma. As a result, Athens withdraws its support for Perdiccas' brother, Philip, and the Thracians promise to assist Perdiccas in capturing him. In return, Perdiccas marches on the Chalcidians, the people he has originally persuaded to revolt. * A Theban (Thebes, Greece) raid on Plataea, the only pro-Athenian city in Boeotia, is a failure and the Plataeans take 180 prisoners and put them to death. Athens supports Plataea while Sparta aligns itself with Thebes. Sparta enlists the help of the Greek cities in Italy and Sicily. Both Sparta and Athens appeal to Persia (Achaemenid Empire), but without result. * The Spartans, led by King Archidamus II, invade Attica effectively starting the Second Peloponnesian War (Peloponnesian War) between the Athenian Empire and the Peloponnesian League. The Spartans lay waste to the countryside around Athens. Athenian leader, Pericles, does not seriously oppose them, rather withdrawing the rural population of the country districts within Athens' city walls. Instead, he pursues active naval warfare and reduces any danger from the island of Aegina by replacing its native population with Athenians. Italy * Alexander of Epirus, at the request of colony of Taras (Taras (town)) (Tarentum (Taranto)) crosses over into Italy, to aid them against the Lucanians and Bruttii. He wins victories over the Italian Samnite (Samnium) tribes. Roman Republic * The tyrant of Syracuse (Syracuse, Sicily), Hiero II (Hiero II of Syracuse), once more attacks the Mamertines. They ally themselves with a nearby Carthaginian fleet and hold off the Syracusans. However, when the Carthaginians do not leave, the Mamertines appeal to Rome for an alliance, hoping for more reliable protection. Although initially reluctant to assist lest it encourage other mercenary groups to mutiny, Rome is unwilling to see Carthaginian power spread further over Sicily and encroach on Italy. Rome therefore enters into an alliance with the Mamertines. By this action, the First Punic War begins and will embroil Rome (Roman Republic) in a conflict with Carthage that will continue for 23 years. * The Roman consul Appius Claudius Caudex and his two legions are deployed to Sicily, the first time a Roman army has gone into action outside the Italian peninsula. * July 10 – The University of the Pacific (University of the Pacific (United States)) is chartered as California Wesleyan College in Santa Clara, California. * July 29 – Annibale de Gasparis, in Naples, Italy discovers asteroid ''15 Eunomia''. * August 1 – Virginia closes its Reform Constitutional Convention deciding that all white men have the right to vote. * January 5 – The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom. * January 13 – Opening of the Milan–Venice railway's
out independent training in the eastern Mediterranean before departing Naples, Italy, 22 September to join in NATO exercise, “FALLEX-64.” She returned to Naples 26 October, and in November participated in another fleetwide exercise, “POOPDECK-IV,” which brought some 40 ships of Task Force 60 together off the coast of Spain. *Brazilian football match-fixing scandal (2005) - another match fixing scandal involving referees, this time in Brazil. *2006 Italian football scandal – a match fixing scandal in Italian (Italy) football involving several major teams, including three of the country's four qualifiers to the 2006-07 UEFA Champions League (UEFA Champions League 2006-07). * In the Commonwealth of Independent States Cup 2006 the Armenian champion FC Pyunik refused to play with an Azerbaijani team, PFC Neftchi. The team FC Pyunik defeated the Ukrainian (Ukraine) team FC Shakhtar Donetsk 3-1 in the quarter-final, when it already knew that in case of victory they will have to play against PFC Neftchi. After the match, they told the referee they wouldn't play against an Azerbaijani team, and later that evening left Moscow on an airplane. The Russian Football Union gave FC Shakhtar Donetsk a technical victory 3-0 so they could play in the half-final instead of FC Pyunik, but FC Shakhtar Donetsk declined the offer stating that "...we would really want to play in the half-final, but we don't want to get there by any other way then sport". Eventually, because no one could play against PFC Neftchi in the half-final, Neftchi were right away promoted to the final, where they defeated the Lithuanian club FBK Kaunas 4-2. Новости NEWSru.com :: Скандал на Кубке Содружества: чемпионы Армении отказались играть с азербайджанцами Having previously worked with terracotta and bronze, a trip to Carrara, Italy, in 1979 turned him to using marble as his primary medium and in 1983 he set up a studio in Pietrasanta. In 2006, he created the new bronze doors and a statue of John the Baptist for the basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli (Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri) in Rome. After three years of existence as a small brigade in the Imperial Russian Army, the Legion in Russia (Imperial Russia) were created in 1917. Other units had been fighting in France since the war's beginning (including volunteers from the US), and later in Italy and Serbia. Their membership consisted of Czech and Slovak prisoners of war in Russia, Serbia and Italy, and Czech and Slovak emigrants in France and Russia who had already created the "Czech company" in Russia and a unit named "Nazdar" in France in 1914. The Legions were actively involved in many battles of World War I, including Zborov (Battle of Zborov (1917)) or Bakhmach (Battle of Bakhmach). They were also heavily involved in the Russian Civil War fighting Bolsheviks, at times controlling much of the Trans-Siberian railway and being indirectly involved in the hasty execution of the Tsar and his family (Shooting of the Romanov family). Damone has married five times and divorced four: * 1) The Italian (Italy) actress Anna Maria Pierangeli (Pier Angeli) (Pier Angeli) (1954–1958) (one son - Perry Damone) * 2) Judith Rawlins (1963–1971) (three daughters) Potocki's wealth enabled him to travel extensively about Europe, the Mediterranean and Asia, visiting Italy, Sicily, Malta, the Netherlands, Germany, France, England, Russia, Turkey, Dalmatia, The Balkans, The Caucasus, Spain, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, and even Mongolia. He was also one of the first travel writers of the modern era, penning lively accounts of many of his journeys, during which he also undertook extensive historical, linguistic and ethnographic studies. Metropolitan Mihailo had worked as a professor for the Serbian Orthodox Church and then as a priest of the Greek Orthodox Church in Italy, where he uncanonically created a Serbian Orthodox Municipality out of the Greek Church, leading after a number of scandals, including adultery and accusations of embezzlement, to his permanent suspension from the Church in 1995. After becoming Metropolitan of the MOC in 1997, he was fully excommunicated by the Holy Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople from the Eastern Orthodox Church. thumb 220px right Kremlin Clock (File:Kremlin Spasskaya Tower.jpg) on the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. Some clocks towers are famously known landmarks. Five of the best-known are the Clock Tower, Palace of Westminster, which houses the Great Bell (Great Bell of Westminster) (generally known as ''Big Ben'') in London, the Rajabai Tower in Mumbai, the Spasskaya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin, the Torre dell'Orologio in the Piazza San Marco in Venice, Italy, and Zytglogge clock tower in the Old city of Bern, Switzerland.
, Meiko had sold more than 300 systems and grown to 125 employees. In 1993, Meiko launched the second-generation '''Meiko CS-2''' system, but Meiko ran into financial difficulties in the mid-1990s. The Meiko technical team and technology was transferred to a joint venture company called Quadrics Supercomputers World Ltd. (Quadrics) (QSW), formed by Alenia Spazio (Thales Alenia Space) of Italy in mid-1996. At Quadrics, the CS-2 interconnect technology was developed into QsNet
is dated July 1, 1918). Assigned to the K.u. K. 44th Infantry Regiment, he was stationed northwest of Venice at Primolano, on the Italian (Italy) front in the foothills of the Dolomites. To his great relief, Emil managed to avoid combat by volunteering for service as a translator—his ignorance of Italian notwithstanding. He did know French, of course, and some Latin, was generally a quick study, and was motivated by a highly rational fear in a theater of that war that had all too often proven a meat-grinder. In his scramble to learn at least some Italian, Emil had recourse to an encyclopedia, which he once consulted for help in controlling the cockroaches infesting the Austrian barracks. At some length, the article described a variety of elaborate methods, concluding finally with—Emil laughingly recalled in later years—“la caccia diretta" ("the direct hunt"). Indeed, “la caccia diretta” was the straightforward method he and his fellow infantrymen adopted. Ferrone was educated in France at the Conservatoire de musique de Nice and was heavily influenced by the Motown sound. He cites Jack DeJohnette as his favorite drummer, and also drew inspiration from Ringo Starr, Charlie Watts, Tony Meehan, Bernard Purdie, Grady Tate, Elvin Jones, Max Roach, Art Blakey, John Bonham, Clyde Stubblefield, Al Jackson Jr., and Harvey Mason. He became very active in the music scene in Italy and France. '''Sanremo''' or '''San Remo''' The official spelling of the city is Sanremo, a phonetic contraction of San Romolo (Saint Romolo), official saint and protector of the city. In the local dialect of Ligurian (Ligurian language (Romance)), it sounds like ''Sanrœmu''. The spelling ''San Remo'', as two words, was introduced in 1924 by the mayor and used in official documents during Fascism. This form of the name appears still on some road signs and, more rarely, in unofficial tourist information. It has been the most widely used form of the name in English at least since the 19th century. (''Sanrœmu'' in Ligurian (Ligurian language (Romance))) is a city with about 57,000 inhabitants on the Mediterranean coast of western Liguria in north-western Italy. Founded in Roman times, the city is best known as a tourist destination on the Italian Riviera. It hosts numerous cultural events, such as the Sanremo Music Festival (Festival della canzone italiana) and the Milan – San Remo cycling classic. The city is widely accepted as the origin of the five-card stud variant ''telesina''.
eliminated when the train trips shrunk from about 3½ to two hours. France went on building an extensive high-speed network. In combination with the Belgian and British lines, the Paris-Lille-Calais line allowed the opening of the first HSR international services: Paris-London (1994), London-Brussels (1994), both via the Channel Tunnel,
Molossian settlement existed between Monodendri (Monodendri (Ioannina)) and Vitsa, including stone houses and two cemeteries which have yielded important findings. Prefectural Committee of Tourist Promotion: p. 14 However, throughout most of the historical time the local population was sparse while the land provided mainly for pastoralism and firewood for the local needs. Amanatidou: p. 34 In Italy almost 225 places are dedicated to saint Léonard, equally distributed in the North (''in Friuli there's the oldest Italian church dedicated to this saint 774)'' as well as in the South where the shrine was introduced by the Normans. http: www.comelicocultura.it Pdf Gruppi La_Stua Stua_10 11_17.pdf The shrine can be found even in Italian (Italy) islands such as Sicily, Sardinia, Ischia, Procida. http: www.comelicocultura.it Pdf Gruppi La_Stua Stua_10 11_17.pdf In September 2004, a National Meeting of the Italian (Italians) parish churches dedicated to the Saint took place in the small village of Panza d'Ischia where a small chapel of St. Leonard was tranformed into a church in 1536. http: it.wikipedia.org wiki Panza In Italy almost 225 places are dedicated to saint Léonard, equally distributed in the North (''in Friuli there's the oldest Italian church dedicated to this saint 774)'' as well as in the South where the shrine was introduced by the Normans. http: www.comelicocultura.it Pdf Gruppi La_Stua Stua_10 11_17.pdf The shrine can be found even in Italian (Italy) islands such as Sicily, Sardinia, Ischia, Procida. http: www.comelicocultura.it Pdf Gruppi La_Stua Stua_10 11_17.pdf In September 2004, a National Meeting of the Italian (Italians) parish churches dedicated to the Saint took place in the small village of Panza d'Ischia where a small chapel of St. Leonard was tranformed into a church in 1536. http: it.wikipedia.org wiki Panza History '''Andrea Bacci''' is a race car driver (driving) born in Florence, Italy on 14 April 1972. He was the 2000 Italian Production Car Championship winner and the 1995 and 1999 Italian CIVT Series champion. He also raced in the 1997 Renault Megane Cup and in one race of the 2001 European Touring Car Championship. Speedsport Magazine Business in Iraq During the 1970s Van Anraat worked at engineering companies in Italy, Switzerland and Singapore that were building chemical plants in Iraq. Having learned about the trade in chemicals, he founded his own company, "FCA Contractor", based in Bissone, Switzerland. From 1984 he supplied thousands of tons of chemicals to Iraq. Among these chemicals were the essential raw materials for producing mustard gas and nerve gas.
and painting. The single peaked at number twelve on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 (Billboard Hot 100), becoming Lopez's tenth top twenty single in the U.S.; it also peaked at #1 in numerous countries including the United Kingdom, where it become her first chart-topper since 2001's "Love Don't Cost a Thing (Love Don't Cost a Thing (song))", and Italy. It was her first single to reach number one single dance chart in the United States after 2000's "Feelin' So Good". Murillo was part of the Saprissa team that went on a World Tour in 1959, becoming the first Latin American football squad to ever undertake such a trip. He was also the Tour's top goal scorer, which led to offers from European clubs such as Genoa C.F.C. of Italy, Club Atlético Huracán of Argentina and FK Austria Wien, as well as teams from Venezuela and Mexico. However, Murillo preferred to stay with Saprissa in Costa Rica because he was going to school during that period of time. Cayasso won several national championships, both with Saprissa and Alajuela, as well as a two CONCACAF Champions Cup titles, with LD Alajuelense in 1986 and with Saprissa in 1995. He also played regularly with Costa Rica's national team, making his debut in 1983 and is usually remembered for scoring the first Costa Rican goal in a World Cup, against Scotland during the 1990 World Cup played in Italy.
, and he engaged them on some level. I suspect that his outspoken opinion of ''Duck Soup'' simply changed over time. While the Brothers were still active, they were infamously embarrassed by the Paramount (Paramount Pictures) films—hard to believe it, but there was a time when the Thalberg collaborations were actually considered better. Perhaps the 'four Jews trying to get a laugh' comment was a dismissive one he made towards that era in general. Towards the end of his lifetime, critics
'''Italy''' ( and has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth (List of countries by GDP (nominal))-largest in the world. International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Economic Outlook (WEO) Database- GDP Nominal 2010 to 2019, imf.org, October 2014 Edition
Since ancient times (classical antiquity), Etruscan (Etruscan civilization), Magna Graecia and other cultures (Prehistoric Italy) have flourished in the territory of present-day Italy, being eventually absorbed by Rome (Ancient Rome), that has for centuries remained the leading political and religious centre of Western civilisation (Western world), capital of the Roman Empire and Christianity. During the Dark Ages (Dark Ages (historiography)), the Italian Peninsula faced calamitous invasions by barbarian tribes (Migration Period), but beginning around the 11th century, numerous Italian city-states rose to great prosperity through shipping, commerce and banking (indeed, modern capitalism has its roots in Medieval Italy). Especially during The Renaissance, Italian culture thrived, producing scholars, artists, and polymaths such as Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, Michelangelo and Machiavelli. Italian explorers such as Polo (Marco Polo), Columbus (Christopher Columbus), Vespucci (Amerigo Vespucci), and Verrazzano (Giovanni da Verrazzano) discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy would remain fragmented into many warring states for the rest of the Middle Ages, subsequently falling prey to larger European powers (Power (international relations)#Modern Age European powers) such as France (French First Empire), Spain (Spanish Empire), and later Austria (Austrian Empire). Italy would thus enter a long period of decline that lasted until the mid 19th century.
After various unsuccessful attempts, the second (Second War of Italian Independence) and the third (Third War of Italian Independence) wars of Italian Independence resulted in the unification (Italian unification) of most of present-day Italy between 1859-66.
Italy plays a prominent role in global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs "Italy plays a prominent role in European and global military, cultural and diplomatic affairs. The country's European political, social and economic influence make it a major regional power." See ''Italy: Justice System and National Police Handbook'', Vol. 1 (Washington, D.C.: International Business Publications, 2009), p. 9. and thus is considered a major regional power. "Operation Alba may be considered one of the most important instances in which Italy has acted as a regional power, taking the lead in executing a technically and politically coherent and determined strategy." See Federiga Bindi, ''Italy and the European Union'' (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2011), p. 171. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union. Italy is a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the DAC (Development Assistance Committee), the WTO, the G4 (G4 (EU)), G6 (G6 (EU)), G7, G8, G10 (Group of Ten (economic)), G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Latin Union, the Council of Europe, the Central European Initiative, the ASEM and the Uniting for Consensus.