Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

What is Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant known for?


membership quot

'''Former control''' membership_type Military strength & operation areas membership '''Inside Iraq and Syria''' 200,000 ref


strength amp

'''Former control''' membership_type Military strength & operation areas membership '''Inside Iraq and Syria''' 200,000 ref


related criticism

-Infidels-Boosted-60-New-Terror-Groups#sthash.eYktEthB.dpuf title ISIS Beheads Another American As 60 New Terror Groups Join - The Fiscal Times work The Fiscal Times accessdate 28 November 2014 Allegations of Turkish support Turkey has been accused of supporting or colluding with ISIL, especially by Syrian Kurds.


publications amp'

articles.cgi?ID publications274907&Category publications&Subcategory 0 archiveurl http: web.archive.org web 20070928061225 http: www.siteinstitute.org bin articles.cgi?ID publications274907&Category publications&Subcategory 0 archivedate 28 September 2007 accessdate 20 July 2014 publisher SITE Institute date 19 April 2007 The declaration of statehood was met with hostile criticism, not only from ISI's jihadist rivals in Iraq, but from leading jihadist


performing training

list-- class "wikitable" - !Military operations in or over Iraq and or Syria airstrikes, air support, and ground forces performing training !!Supplying military equipment to opposition forces within Iraq and or Syria in cooperation with EU NATO partners !!Humanitarian and other contributions to identified coalition objectives - colspan "3" style "background: silver; font-weight:bold; text-align:center;" -


quot extraordinary

of Baghdad, to the area of the northern city of Mosul, the latest of the Iraq War's major battlegrounds. Accessible via Google. By 2008, the ISI was describing itself as being in a state of "extraordinary crisis".


story news

: Enslaving, having sex with 'unbelieving' women, girls is OK," ''CNN'', December 13, 2014 Katharine Lackey,story news world 2014 12 13 pamphlet-islamic-state-guidelines-sex-slaves 20359049 "Pamphlet provides Islamic State guidelines for sex slaves," ''USA Today'', December 13, 2014 Carey Lodge,

August 2014 work The Independent date 13 July 2014 and the governments of Iraq and Iran have repeatedly accused Saudi Arabia and Qatar of financing and supporting the group. Ahead of the conference of the US-led anti-ISIL coalition held in Paris in September 2014, France's foreign minister acknowledged that a number of countries at the table had "very probably" financed ISIL's advances.


legendary battle

-criminal-operation title Islamic State Is a Diversified Criminal Operation work International Herald Tribune ISIL's philosophy is well represented by the symbolism in the Black Standard variant of the legendary battle flag of Muhammad that it has adopted. The flag shows the seal of the Muhammad within a white circle, with the phrase above it, "There is no God but Allah (Shahada)". What the ISIS Flag Says About the Militant Group, Time.com article by Ilene Prusher, 9 Sept 2014 Such symbolism has been said to point to ISIL's belief that it represents the restoration of the caliphate of early Islam, with all of the political, religious and eschatological ramifications that this would imply. Endtimes Brewing Huffington Post (UK) article by Anne Speckhard, 29 Aug. 2014 Saudi Arabia was criticised by Noam Chomsky in October 2014 of having “long been the major source of funding for ISIS as well as providing its ideological roots” (i.e. Wahhabism). Category:Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Category:2014 Iraq conflict Category:2015 Iraq conflict Category:Anti-government factions of the Syrian Civil War Category:Anti-Shi'ism Category:Designated terrorist organizations associated with Islam Category:Government of Canada designated terrorist organizations Category:Government of Egypt designated terrorist organizations Category:Government of India designated terrorist organisations Category:Iraqi insurgency Category:Islamic extremist groups restricting education Category:Islamism in Iraq Category:Islamism in Syria Category:Jihadist groups Category:Organisations based in Iraq Category:Organisations designated as terrorist by Australia Category:Organizations designated as terrorist by the Turkish Directorate General for Security Category:Organizations designated as terrorist by the United States government Category:Rebel groups in Egypt Category:Rebel groups in Iraq Category:Rebel groups in Libya Category:Rebel groups in Syria Category:Russian Federal Security Service designated terrorist organizations Category:Salafi groups Category:Sunni Islamist groups Category:Terrorism in Iraq Category:Terrorism in Lebanon Category:Terrorism in Syria Category:Terrorism in Turkey Category:United Kingdom Home Office designated terrorist groups Category:Wahhabism


work business

-iraq-isis-invasions-strength.html title ISIS on offense in Iraq date 10 June 2014 accessdate 11 June 2014 largest_city Mosul

21 October 2014 leader_title5 '''Spokesman''' leader_name5 '''Abu Muhammad al-Adnani''' ref

-might-look-like-2014-6?nr_email_referer 1&utm_source Triggermail&utm_medium email&utm_term Business%20Insider%20Select&utm_campaign BI%20Select%20Mondays%202014-06-30&utm_content emailshare accessdate 22 July 2014 work Business Insider publisher GlobalPost date 30 June 2014


events main

accessdate 21 November 2014 date 14 November 2014 See also Modern gold dinar. Category:Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Category:2014 Iraq conflict Category:2015 Iraq conflict Category:Anti-government factions of the Syrian Civil War Category:Anti-Shi'ism Category:Designated terrorist organizations associated with Islam Category:Government of Canada designated terrorist organizations Category:Government of Egypt designated terrorist organizations Category:Government of India designated terrorist organisations Category:Iraqi insurgency Category:Islamic extremist groups restricting education Category:Islamism in Iraq Category:Islamism in Syria Category:Jihadist groups Category:Organisations based in Iraq Category:Organisations designated as terrorist by Australia Category:Organizations designated as terrorist by the Turkish Directorate General for Security Category:Organizations designated as terrorist by the United States government Category:Rebel groups in Egypt Category:Rebel groups in Iraq Category:Rebel groups in Libya Category:Rebel groups in Syria Category:Russian Federal Security Service designated terrorist organizations Category:Salafi groups Category:Sunni Islamist groups Category:Terrorism in Iraq Category:Terrorism in Lebanon Category:Terrorism in Syria Category:Terrorism in Turkey Category:United Kingdom Home Office designated terrorist groups Category:Wahhabism

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

membership_type Military strength & operation areas membership '''Inside Iraq and Syria''' 200,000 (Kurdish claim) 20,000–31,000 (CIA estimate)

'''Outside Iraq and Syria''' 19,500–31,300 (See Military of ISIL for more-detailed estimates.) admin_center_type Administrative center admin_center Ar-Raqqah, Syria (''de facto'') largest_city Mosul, Iraq latd 35 latm 57 lats latNS N longd 39 longm 1 longs longEW E languages_type Ideologies languages Extremist Islamism Wahhabism Salafist Jihadism leader_title1 '''Leader''' leader_name1 '''Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi''' leader_title2 '''Deputy leader in Iraq''' leader_name2 '''Abu Muslim al-Turkmani''' leader_title3 '''Deputy leader in Syria''' leader_name3 '''Abu Ali al-Anbari''' leader_title4 '''Head of Military Shura''' leader_name4 '''Abu Ayman al-Iraqi''' leader_title5 '''Spokesman''' leader_name5 '''Abu Muhammad al-Adnani''' leader_title6 '''Field commander''' leader_name6 '''Abu Omar al-Shishani''' sovereignty_type '''Establishment''' established_event1 Formation (as Jamāʻat al-Tawḥīd wa-al-Jihād (#JTJ)) established_date1 1999 established_event2 Joined al-Qaeda established_date2 October 2004 established_event3 Declaration of an Islamic state in Iraq established_date3 13 October 2006 established_event4 Claim of territory in the Levant established_date4 8 April 2013 established_event6 Separated from al-Qaeda established_date6 3 February 2014 established_event7 Declaration of "Caliphate" established_date7 29 June 2014 established_event8 Claim of territory in Libya, Egypt, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen established_date8 13 November 2014 established_event9 established_date9 established_event10 established_date10 official_website area_magnitude area_km2 32133 area_sq_mi area_footnote percent_water area_label Estimate only of controlled areas area_label2 area_dabodyalign population_estimate 8,000,000 in controlled areas population_estimate_year 12 June 2014 ''The New York Times'' population_density_km2 population_density_sq_mi GDP_PPP GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year GDP_PPP_per_capita GDP_nominal GDP_nominal_year GDP_nominal_per_capita Gini Gini_ref Gini_year HDI HDI_ref HDI_year currency currency_code time_zone Eastern European Time and Arabia Standard Time utc_offset +2 and +3 footnote1 footnote2 footnote7 footnotes The '''Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant''' ('''ISIL'''

The United Nations has held ISIL responsible for human rights abuses and war crimes, and Amnesty International has reported ethnic cleansing by the group on a "historic scale". The group has been designated (List of designated terrorist organizations) as a terrorist organization by the United Nations, the European Union, the United Kingdom, the United States, Australia, Canada, Indonesia, Malaysia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt, India, and Russia. Over 60 countries are directly or indirectly waging war against ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant#Countries and groups at war with ISIL).

The group originated as ''Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad'' in 1999, which was renamed ''Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn''—commonly known as al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI)—when the group pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda in 2004. Following the 2003 invasion of Iraq (Iraq War), AQI took part in the Iraqi insurgency (Iraqi insurgency (2003–11)). In 2006, it joined other Sunni insurgent groups to form the Mujahideen Shura Council (Mujahideen Shura Council (Iraq)), which shortly afterwards proclaimed the formation of an Islamic state, naming it the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI). The ISI gained a significant presence in Al Anbar (Al Anbar Governorate), Nineveh (Nineveh Province), Kirkuk (At-Ta'mim Governorate) and other areas, but around 2008, its violent methods, including suicide attacks on civilian targets and the widespread killing of prisoners, led to a backlash from Sunni Iraqis and other insurgent groups.

The group grew significantly under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and after entering the Syrian Civil War, it established a large presence in Sunni-majority areas of Syria within the governorates of Ar-Raqqah (Ar-Raqqah Governorate), Idlib (Idlib Governorate), Deir ez-Zor (Deir ez-Zor Governorate) and Aleppo (Aleppo Governorate).

On 29 June 2014, the group proclaimed itself to be a worldwide caliphate under the name "Islamic State",

ISIL is known for its well-funded web and social media propaganda, which includes Internet videos of the beheadings of soldiers, civilians, journalists, and aid workers. (See ISIL beheading incidents.)

The group became notorious after it drove the Iraqi government forces out of key western cities in Iraq while in Syria it conquered and held ground against both the government forces and rebel factions in the Syrian Civil War. It gained those territories after an offensive initiated in early 2014, which the senior U.S. military commanders and members of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs saw as a reemergence of Sunni insurgents and Al Qaeda militants. This territorial loss implied a failure of U.S. foreign policy and almost caused a collapse of the Iraqi Government that required renewal of U.S. action in Iraq.

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