Islamic Courts Union

What is Islamic Courts Union known for?


detailed analysis

of being controlled by al-Qaeda, but the Islamic Courts denied that charge. * Producing highly detailed analysis and advice on specific policy issues in scores of conflict or potential


highly detailed

of being controlled by al-Qaeda, but the Islamic Courts denied that charge. Somalia In 2006, the Islamic Courts Union took over Mogadishu from CIA-backed ARPCT. Iran has been one of several nations backing the public uprising. According to Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Somalia) Ali Mohammed Ghedi, Iran, Egypt, and Libya are helping the militia. The Prime Minister accuses these countries of wanting more conflict in Somalia, which seems contradictory because of the Transitional Government's inability to extend authority beyond Baidoa, which is something the Islamic Republic sees. Somalia: Iran, Libya and Egypt helping militia : Mail & Guardian Online Abdirashid Hussein Shire was arrested by police at a hotel in the Kenyan capital Nairobi (w:Nairobi) and escorted to a flight out of the country, reportedly heading for Dubai (w:Dubai). Shire is alleged to be a supporter of the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (w:Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism), an alliance of Somali warlords who are currently engaged in a conflict with the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union) for control over Mogadishu (w:Mogadishu), the capital of Somalia. A Somali Defence Ministry official has additionally reported that American helicopters launched an attack against ICU fighters (w:Islamic Courts Union) in Afmadow, a city near the Kenyan border, 350 kilometres southwest of Mogadishu (w:Mogadishu). The AC-130 gunship (w:Lockheed AC-130) attack killed an unknown number of civilians, alternatingly reported as 4, 19 or 31. A feud between Ghedi and the President has long been blamed for the lack of progress and inability of the government to deal effectively with the armed conflict (w:War in Somalia (2006–present)) with the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union). The rift often has been cited as frustrating for Western (w:Western world#Politcal) diplomats who support the government. Although moderate Islamists from the ARS have agreed to enter into reconciliation talks, hardliner insurgents have rejected the attempts at peace and continue to take over towns in the central and northern regions of Somalia. Since the fall of the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union), organizations like Al-Shabaab (w:Al-Shabaab) have become leading insurgent groups. A spokesman for Al-Shabaab told reporters on Sunday that they intend to impose Sharia (w:Sharia) law on all of Somalia, and that a peace deal would never be accepted. Although no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, Al-Shabab (w:Al-Shabaab (Somalia)), the militant youth group that has now taken the reigns of the insurgency in Somalia after the dissolution of the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union), is widely suspected. Al-Shabab seeks to institute the strictest sense of Shar'ia (w:Sharia) Law in Somalia and is a seam of contention for their participation in the government. Earlier this year, the newly elected Somali President agreed to implement tenets of Shar'ia into the nation's statutory codes, however negotiations quickly broke down over the details.


fighting

captured foreign pro-Islamist fighters accessdate September 9, 2007 publisher Mail & Guardian Reuters year 2007 author Reuters Further Eritrean fighters were allegedly killed by Somali security officers in June 2007.

controlled most of the city. In reaction to the growing power of the ICU, a group of Mogadishu warlords formed the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT). This was a major change, as these warlords had been fighting each other for many years. By the beginning of 2006, these two groups had clashed repeatedly, and in May 2006 it escalated into street fighting in the capital (Second Battle of Mogadishu), claiming the lives of more than 300 people. On 5 June

: www.somalinet.com news world English 4145 Somalia: Islamists set up central Islamic court in the capital , ''SomaliNet'', October 2, 2006. War with Ethiopia On December 8, 2006, the Islamic Courts Union claimed to have been involved in heavy fighting with Somali transitional government forces, backed by Ethiopian troops (Military of Ethiopia). On December 21, heavy fighting erupted between ICU forces and Ethiopian-backed forces. The battles happened


support

robberies and drug (illegal drugs)-dealing, as well as stopping the showing of what it claims to be pornographic (pornography) films in local movie houses. Somalia is almost entirely Muslim, and these institutions initially had wide public support. The early years of the courts include such outfits as Sheikh Ali Dheere's, established in north Mogadishu in 1994 and the Beled Weyne court initiated in 1996. They soon saw the sense in working together through a joint committee to promote security

2006, the ICU claimed that they were in control of Mogadishu. Lacey, Mark, Islamic militias take control of Somali capital, ''The New York Times'', 5 June 2006 Meanwhile, in the United States the Bush (George W. Bush) administration (George W. Bush administration) neither confirmed nor denied support for either side. However, it was reported

the ICU in control of much of the weaponry in the country, which made a resurgence by the warlords difficult without outside support. The ICU also controlled significant territory outside the capital, including the important town of Balad (Balad, Somalia). In mid-August, ICU militiamen swept into the port town of Hobyo, 500 kilometers north of Mogadishu, meeting no opposition.


intense fighting

Courts advanced to central and south Somalia regions, including the Kismayo area, before Inda'ade pledged his support, giving them control of Lower Shabelle region. Islamists extend authority in Somalia, ''Reuters '', 30 Sept 2006 In December 2006, during the intense fighting with Ethiopia, he was not present and was on pilgrimage in Mecca

. * '''Sheikh Mukhtar Robow''' who goes by the name of "Abu Mansur", was the deputy chief of security for the Islamic Courts. He had been credited with being instrumental in the victory of the Second Battle of Mogadishu against the ARPCT (Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism) (CIA-backed warlords). In December 2006, during the intense fighting with Ethiopia, he was not present and was in pilgrimage in Mecca. He was trained in Afghanistan


popular resistance

accessdate September 9, 2007 publisher newsVOA.com year 2007 author Alisha Ryu Somalia In 2006, the Islamic Courts Union took over Mogadishu from CIA-backed ARPCT. Iran has been one of several nations backing the public uprising. According to Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Somalia) Ali Mohammed Ghedi, Iran, Egypt, and Libya are helping the militia. The Prime Minister accuses these countries of wanting more conflict in Somalia, which seems contradictory because of the Transitional Government's inability to extend authority beyond Baidoa, which is something the Islamic Republic sees. Somalia: Iran, Libya and Egypt helping militia : Mail & Guardian Online Abdirashid Hussein Shire was arrested by police at a hotel in the Kenyan capital Nairobi (w:Nairobi) and escorted to a flight out of the country, reportedly heading for Dubai (w:Dubai). Shire is alleged to be a supporter of the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (w:Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism), an alliance of Somali warlords who are currently engaged in a conflict with the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union) for control over Mogadishu (w:Mogadishu), the capital of Somalia. A Somali Defence Ministry official has additionally reported that American helicopters launched an attack against ICU fighters (w:Islamic Courts Union) in Afmadow, a city near the Kenyan border, 350 kilometres southwest of Mogadishu (w:Mogadishu). The AC-130 gunship (w:Lockheed AC-130) attack killed an unknown number of civilians, alternatingly reported as 4, 19 or 31. A feud between Ghedi and the President has long been blamed for the lack of progress and inability of the government to deal effectively with the armed conflict (w:War in Somalia (2006–present)) with the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union). The rift often has been cited as frustrating for Western (w:Western world#Politcal) diplomats who support the government. Although moderate Islamists from the ARS have agreed to enter into reconciliation talks, hardliner insurgents have rejected the attempts at peace and continue to take over towns in the central and northern regions of Somalia. Since the fall of the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union), organizations like Al-Shabaab (w:Al-Shabaab) have become leading insurgent groups. A spokesman for Al-Shabaab told reporters on Sunday that they intend to impose Sharia (w:Sharia) law on all of Somalia, and that a peace deal would never be accepted. Although no one has claimed responsibility for the attack, Al-Shabab (w:Al-Shabaab (Somalia)), the militant youth group that has now taken the reigns of the insurgency in Somalia after the dissolution of the Islamic Courts Union (w:Islamic Courts Union), is widely suspected. Al-Shabab seeks to institute the strictest sense of Shar'ia (w:Sharia) Law in Somalia and is a seam of contention for their participation in the government. Earlier this year, the newly elected Somali President agreed to implement tenets of Shar'ia into the nation's statutory codes, however negotiations quickly broke down over the details.


providing detailed

conflict situations around the world, helping policymakers in the UN Security Council, regional organisations, donor countries and others with major influence, and in the countries at risk themselves, do better in preventing, managing and resolving conflict, and in rebuilding after it; * Providing detailed information unobtainable elsewhere on developments regarding conflict, mass violence and terrorism of particular utility to policymakers, e.g., on the Jemaah Islamiyah in Indonesia


efforts quot

Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi's postponement of talks with the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). He said "We had no option but to resign because we believe if the talks are postponed again it will affect the reconciliation efforts". Eight more ministers resign from Somali government, ''Reuters'', 1 August 2006. During the War in Somalia (2006–2009), the Bay region was heavily contested between


religious studies

is former leader of al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI). Since November 2001, he has been named under Executive Order 13224 as a supporter of terrorist activities. *'''Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed''' is the leader of executive the ICU. Ahmed was born in Chabila, Somalia and studied at Libyan and Sudanese universities. He is from the Abgaal branch of the Hawiye clan. He has also worked as a secondary school teacher of geography, Arabic (Arabic language), and religious studies. He


battle quot

battle", BBC News Online, 11 July 2006 publisher BBC News date 2006-07-11 accessdate 2011-07-06 That September, an impressive array of 130 technicals was used to take Kismayo from the forces of the Juba Valley Alliance. "Witnesses: Somali Islamists advance on key port". Associated Press, 13 September 2006. After the ousting of the Siad Barre regime and the ensuing Somali

Islamic Courts Union

The '''Islamic Courts Union''' ('''ICU'''; Western media often refer to the group as '''Somali (Somali people) Islamists (Islamism)'''.

Until the end of 2006, they controlled most of southern Somalia and the vast majority of its population, including most major cities such as Jowhar, Kismayo, Beledweyne, and the capital Mogadishu. The ICU was supported by warlord Yusuf "Indho Ade" Mohamed Siad who ruled Lower Shabelle but later became defense chief of the ICU, who aided in the defeat of the Mogadishu warlords. Warlord Yusuf "Indho Ade" Mohamed Siad, defense chief of the ICU Only the Northern regions (Puntland, Somaliland), and the furthest interior regions of the south were outside their control. In December 2006, the ICU lost much territory after defeats at the battles of Baidoa (Battle of Baidoa), Bandiradley (Battle of Bandiradley), and Beledweyne (Battle of Beledweyne (2006)), retreating to the capital, Mogadishu. On December 28 they abandoned Mogadishu, leaving the city in chaos while they moved south towards Kismayo, which allowed the TFG and Ethiopian troops to take over the city. Mogadishu falls to Ethiopian-backed government troops CNN -- After a stand at the Battle of Jilib, the ICU abandoned the city of Kismayo on January 1, 2007. Stripped of almost all their territory, it was speculated the ICU would pursue guerrilla-style warfare against the government.

Instead, hardline Islamists broke ranks from the ICU and formed other militant groups, such as Al-Shabaab (Popular Resistance Movement in the Land of the Two Migrations) and Hizbul Islam, to continue the war against the government.

The less-militant members of the ICU went into exile in Eritrea and Djibouti, where they formed the Alliance for the Re-Liberation of Somalia (Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia) in September 2007. In the two years following the ICU's ouster from Mogadishu, the hardline Islamist groups concentrated their power in the south and west of Somalia, taking ground from both the TFG and ICU.

By January 2009, a reconciliation and powersharing deal was brokered between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Djibouti contingent from the former Islamic Courts Union which resulted in the expansion of the Parliament and the election of Sheik Sharif Ahmed, former leader of the ICU, as President of the Transitional Federal Government.

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