Idrija

What is Idrija known for?


dumplings

, Croats and Slovenes ; ''Idrijski žlikrofi'' are Slovenian dumplings, regionally located in the town of Idrija. They are made from dough with potato filling and have a characteristic form of a hat. Žlikrofi are made by a traditinal recipe from the 19th century, but the source of the recipe is unknown due to lack of historical sources. The dish may be served as a starter or a side dish to meat based dishes. Žlikrofi were the first slovenian food to be clasified as a Protected


local cultural

Idrija, Slovenia Cerkno is a small but important local cultural center in the ''Goriška'' Region near Idrija. The town and its surroundings were the birthplace of many prominent Slovenes including Archbishop of Gorizia (Archbishop of Gorizia (Görz)) Frančišek Borgia Sedej (1854–1931); writer France Bevk (1890–1970); photographer Rafael Podobnik; historians Milica Kacin-Wohinz and Boris Mlakar; and politicians Marjan Podobnik and Janez Podobnik. List of all towns in Slovenia Towns in Slovenia, recognised as such by the National Assembly in 2000, are: Ajdovščina, Bled, Bovec, Brežice, Celje, Črnomelj, Domžale, Gornja Radgona, Hrastnik, Idrija, Ilirska Bistrica, Izola, Jesenice (Jesenice, Slovenia), Kamnik, Kocevje, Koper, Kostanjevica ob Krki (Kostanjevica na Krki), Kranj, Krško, Laško, Lendava, Litija, Ljubljana, Ljutomer, Maribor, Metlika, Murska Sobota, Nova Gorica, Novo Mesto, Ormož, Piran, Postojna, Ptuj, Radeče, Radovljica, Ravne na Koroškem, Sevnica, Sežana, Slovenska Bistrica, Slovenj Gradec, Slovenske Konjice, Škofja Loka, Šoštanj, Tolmin, Trbovlje, Tržič, Velenje, Višnja Gora, Vrhnika, Zagorje ob Savi, Žalec. *the western parts of the former Duchy of Carniola: more than half of the region of Inner Carniola, with the towns of Idrija, Vipava (Vipava, Slovenia), Šturje (Ajdovščina), Postojna, Št. Peter na Krasu (Pivka) and Ilirska Bistrica, and the Upper Carniolan municipality of Bela Peč Weissenfels (later Italianized to Fusine in Valromana, now a frazione of Tarvisio); *the whole territory of former Austrian Littoral, except for the municipality of Kastav and the island of Krk, which were ceased to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; ''Idrijski žlikrofi'' are Slovenian dumplings, regionally located in the town of Idrija. They are made from dough with potato filling and have a characteristic form of a hat. Žlikrofi are made by a traditinal recipe from the 19th century, but the source of the recipe is unknown due to lack of historical sources. The dish may be served as a starter or a side dish to meat based dishes. Žlikrofi were the first slovenian food to be clasified as a Traditional speciality guaranteed (Protected Geographical Status) dish. He spent two years as private secretary to the bishop of Seckau, and then was appointed in 1754 as physician of the mercury (mercury (element)) mines in Idrija, a small town in the Habsburg realm, remaining there till 1769. In 1761, he published ''De Hydroargyro Idriensi Tentamina'' on the symptoms of mercury poisoning among mercury miners. thumb Copper engraving from the ''Deliciæ Floræ et Faunæ Insubricæ'' (1786) (Image:Scopoli Harrier 1786.png) thumb left 220px Sketch of the olm in ''Specimen Medicum, Exhibens Synopsin Reptilium Emendatam cum Experimentis circa Venena'' (1768) by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti (Image:Proteus - Laurenti.jpg) The first researcher to retrieve a live olm was a physician and researcher from Idrija, G.A. Scopoli (Giovanni Antonio Scopoli); he sent dead specimens and drawings to colleagues and collectors. Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti, though, was the first to briefly describe the olm in 1768 and give it the scientific name ''Proteus anguinus''. It was not until the end of the century that Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers from the Naturhistorisches Museum of Vienna started to look into this animal's anatomy. The specimens were sent to him by Žiga Zois. Schreibers presented his findings in 1801 to The Royal Society in London, and later also in Paris. Soon the olm started to gain wide recognition and attract significant attention, resulting in thousands of animals being sent to researchers and collectors worldwide. The basis of functional morphological investigations in Slovenia was set up by Lili Istenič in the 1980s. More than twenty years later, the Research Group for functional morphological Studies of the Vertebrates in the Department of Biology (Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana), is one of the leading groups studying the olm under the guidance of Boris Bulog. Bulog B. et al. (2003). ''Black Proteus: mysterious dweller of the Karst in Bela krajina''. Ljubljana: TV Slovenia, Video tape. There are also several cave laboratories in Europe, where olms have been introduced and are being studied. These are Moulis Wikipedia:Idrija


significant attention

describe the olm in 1768 and give it the scientific name ''Proteus anguinus''. It was not until the end of the century that Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers from the Naturhistorisches Museum of Vienna started to look into this animal's anatomy. The specimens were sent to him by Žiga Zois. Schreibers presented his findings in 1801 to The Royal Society in London, and later also in Paris. Soon the olm started to gain wide recognition and attract significant attention, resulting in thousands of animals being sent to researchers and collectors worldwide. The basis of functional morphological investigations in Slovenia was set up by Lili Istenič in the 1980s. More than twenty years later, the Research Group for functional morphological Studies of the Vertebrates in the Department of Biology (Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana), is one of the leading groups studying the olm under the guidance of Boris Bulog. Bulog B. et al. (2003). ''Black Proteus: mysterious dweller of the Karst in Bela krajina''. Ljubljana: TV Slovenia, Video tape. There are also several cave laboratories in Europe, where olms have been introduced and are being studied. These are Moulis Wikipedia:Idrija


unique artistic

of lace making spread throughout Europe to most European countries. Countries like Finland (town of Rauma (Rauma, Finland)), Czech Republic (town of Vamberk), Slovenia (town of Idrija), England (town of Honiton), France, Belgium, Hungary, Ireland, Malta, Russia, Spain, Turkey and others all have their own unique artistic heritage expressed through lace. * Zapotlán el Grande, Mexico *


technical achievements

in Slovenia. Until World War I Idrija stayed the second largest city in the region of Carniola. It was well connected with the most important European provinces and cities (Venice, Amsterdam, Vienna) and was a very interesting destination for scientific and technical elite of the time (Steinberg, Scopoli, Haquet, Lipold). Many of them left their mark on the city. Still today, names of many parts of the city remind us of various technical achievements from the old times: ''Bašerija'' - ore preparation, ''Prejnuta'' and ''Pront'' - ore furnace, ''Lenštat'' and ''Riže'' - wood storehouse, ''Gasa'' - street, etc. Today Idrija has almost 7000 inhabitants and is in many ways still growing. An ongoing process of modernization can be sensed in the city, which is trying hard to establish industrial and cultural connections with the rest of the World. The mercury mine today is in the process of closing down. But even with the deviation to more modern industrial fields, the city is trying to preserve its links with 500 years of mining traditions. A half millennium of mining mercury in Idrija and its surroundings left an exceptionally rich heritage of technical, cultural, and historical monuments and points of interest available to visitors as museum displays. The city's traditions in mercury mining has earned it an inscription on the UNESCO World Heritage List, shared with the town of Almadén in Spain, Get in Get around * Lake Divje jezero, two kilometers to the south, is at least 160 metres deep. Not for amateur divers, but you can enjoy the rich flora and fauna in its serene surrounding. See Do Buy One of the most adored Slovenian traditional crafts is '''Idrija Lace'''. This fine, handmade traditional Slovenian product can be adored in the city museum. Those who won't settle just for looking, can also visit various galleries and studios, making and selling lace and lace products. Eat The traditional local cuisine is both rich and diverse in which the foremost place belongs to the delicacy populary known as '''idrijski žlikrofi'''. It is a bit similar to ravioli stuffed with potato and chives. Drink Sleep Connect Go next Wikipedia:Idrija


public life

political and public life, especially in Carniola. During the same period, the growth of industrialization intensified social tensions. Both Socialist and Christian socialist movements mobilized the masses. In 1905, the first Socialist mayor in the Austro-Hungarian Empire was elected in the Slovene mining town of Idrija on the list of the Yugoslav Social Democratic Party. In the same years, the Christian socialist activist Janez Evangelist Krek organized hundreds of workers and agricultural cooperatives throughout the Slovene countryside. Cinnabar is found in all localities that yield mercury, notably Puerto Princesa (Philippines); Almadén (Spain); New Almaden (California); Hastings Mine and St. John's Mine, Vallejo, California; C.Michael Hogan, Marc Papineau et al., ''Environmental Assessment of the columbus Parkway Widening between Ascot Parkway and the Northgate Development, Vallejo'', Earth Metrics Inc. Report 7853, California State Clearinghouse, Sept, 1989 Idrija (Slovenia); New Idria (New Idria, California) (California); Giza, Egypt; Landsberg (Landsberg, Rhineland-Palatinate), near Obermoschel in the Palatinate (Rhineland-Palatinate); Ripa, at the foot of the Apuan Alps and in the Mount Amiata (Tuscany); the mountain Avala (Serbia); Huancavelica (Peru); Murfreesboro, Arkansas; Terlingua (Terlingua, Texas) (Texas); and the province of Guizhou in China, where fine crystals have been obtained. It was also mined near Red Devil, Alaska on the middle Kuskokwim River. Red Devil was named after the Red Devil cinnabar mine, a primary source of mercury. Other forms of cinnabar *'''Hepatic cinnabar''' is an impure variety from the mines of Idrija in the Carniola region of Slovenia, in which the cinnabar is mixed with bituminous (bitumen) and earthy matter. *'''Metacinnabarite''' is a black-colored form of HgS, which crystallizes in the cubic (Cubic crystal system) form. thumb 250px Carniola within modern Slovenia: Upper Carniola (Image:Sloregions.png), Lower Carniola, and Inner Carniola. In 1918, the duchy ceased to exist and its territory became part of the newly formed State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and subsequently part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). The western part of the duchy, with the towns of Postojna, Ilirska Bistrica, Idrija and Šturje (Ajdovščina) was annexed to Italy (Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946)) in 1920, but was subsequently also included into Yugoslavia in 1947. See: Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 Since 1991, the region has been part of an independent Slovenia. thumb upright Vladimir Batagelj (Image:Batagelj Vladimir.jpg) '''Vladimir Batagelj''' is a Slovenian (Slovenians) mathematician, born 1948 in Idrija, Slovenia, who works mainly in data analysis, discrete mathematics, combinatorial optimization and applications of IT in education. Lace was used by clergy of the early Catholic Church as part of vestments in religious ceremonies, but did not come into widespread use until the 16th century. Lacemakerslace.oddquine.co.uk The popularity of lace increased rapidly and the cottage industry of lace making spread throughout Europe to most European countries. Countries like Finland (town of Rauma (Rauma, Finland)), Czech Republic (town of Vamberk), Slovenia (town of Idrija), England (town of Honiton), France, Belgium, Hungary, Ireland, Malta, Russia, Spain, Turkey and others all have their own unique artistic heritage expressed through lace. * Wikipedia:Idrija


published de

Geographical Status Traditional speciality guaranteed dish. He spent two years as private secretary to the bishop of Seckau, and then was appointed in 1754 as physician of the mercury (mercury (element)) mines in Idrija, a small town in the Habsburg realm, remaining there till 1769. In 1761, he published ''De Hydroargyro Idriensi Tentamina'' on the symptoms of mercury poisoning among mercury miners. Image:Scopoli Harrier 1786.png thumb Copper engraving from the ''Deliciæ Floræ et


fierce+culture

(Category:Idrija) Category:Populated places in the Municipality of Idrija Category:Mining communities in Slovenia Category:Cities and towns in the Slovene Littoral Category:World Heritage Sites in Slovenia Category:Mercury mines Since the 1880s, a fierce culture war between Catholic traditionalists and integralists (integralism) on one side, and liberals, progressivists and anticlericals (Anticlericalism) dominated Slovene


important local

Idrija, Slovenia Cerkno is a small but important local cultural center in the ''Goriška'' Region near Idrija. The town and its surroundings were the birthplace of many prominent Slovenes including Archbishop of Gorizia (Archbishop of Gorizia (Görz)) Frančišek Borgia Sedej (1854–1931); writer France Bevk (1890–1970); photographer Rafael Podobnik; historians Milica Kacin-Wohinz and Boris Mlakar; and politicians Marjan Podobnik and Janez Podobnik


824

. According to Goldschmidt it can be extracted by means of xylene, amyl alcohol or turpentine; also without decomposition, by distillation in a current of hydrogen, or carbon dioxide. It is a white crystalline body, very difficultly fusible, boiling above 440 °C (824 °F). Its solution in glacial acetic acid, by oxidation with chromic acid, yielded a red powdery solid and a fatty acid fusing at 62 °C, and exhibiting all the characters of a mixture of palmitic acid

Idrija

'''Idrija''' ( ; Italian (Italian language) and German (German language): ''Idria'') is a town in western Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Idrija. It is located in the traditional region of the Slovenian Littoral and is in the Gorizia Statistical Region. It is notable for its mercury (Mercury (element)) mine (mining) with stores and infrastructure, as well as miners' living quarters, and a miners' theatre. Together with the Spanish (Spain) mine at Almadén, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija) since 2012. Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija - UNESCO World Heritage Centre In 2011, Idrija was given the Alpine Town of the Year award.

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